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1.
Plant J ; 109(4): 992-1013, 2022 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839543

RESUMEN

IRON-REGULATED TRANSPORTER1 (IRT1) is the root high-affinity ferrous iron (Fe) uptake system and indispensable for the completion of the life cycle of Arabidopsis thaliana without vigorous Fe supplementation. Here we provide evidence supporting a second role of IRT1 in root-to-shoot partitioning of Fe. We show that irt1 mutants overaccumulate Fe in roots, most prominently in the cortex of the differentiation zone in irt1-2, compared to the wild type. Shoots of irt1-2 are severely Fe-deficient according to Fe content and marker transcripts, as expected. We generated irt1-2 lines producing IRT1 mutant variants carrying single amino-acid substitutions of key residues in transmembrane helices IV and V, Ser206 and His232, which are required for transport activity in yeast. Root short-term 55 Fe uptake rates were uninformative concerning IRT1-mediated transport. Overall irt1-like concentrations of the secondary substrate Mn suggested that the transgenic Arabidopsis lines also remain incapable of IRT1-mediated root Fe uptake. Yet, IRT1S206A partially complements rosette dwarfing and leaf chlorosis of irt1-2, as well as root-to-shoot Fe partitioning and gene expression defects of irt1-2, all of which are fully complemented by wild-type IRT1. Taken together, these results suggest a regulatory function for IRT1 in root-to-shoot Fe partitioning that does not require Fe transport activity of IRT1. Among the genes of which transcript levels are partially dependent on IRT1, we identify MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN10, MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN72 and NICOTIANAMINE SYNTHASE4 as candidates for effecting IRT1-dependent Fe mobilization in roots. Understanding the biological functions of IRT1 will help to improve Fe nutrition and the nutritional quality of agricultural crops.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Catión/metabolismo , Compuestos Ferrosos/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras del Hierro/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotes de la Planta/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Transporte Biológico , Proteínas de Transporte de Catión/genética , Diferenciación Celular , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Homeostasis , Proteínas Reguladoras del Hierro/genética , Hojas de la Planta/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas/citología , Brotes de la Planta/citología , Transcriptoma
2.
Transl Behav Med ; 10(4): 928-937, 2020 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476343

RESUMEN

Physical activity reduces cancer risk, yet African American adults remain insufficiently active, contributing to cancer health disparities. Harmony & Health (HH) was developed as a culturally adapted mind-body intervention to promote physical activity, psychosocial well-being, and quality of life among a church-based sample of overweight/obese, insufficiently active African American adults. Men and women were recruited to the study through an existing church partnership. Eligible participants (N = 50) were randomized to a movement-based mind-body intervention (n = 26) or waitlist control (n = 24). Participants in the intervention attended 16 mind-body sessions over 8 weeks and completed a physical assessment, questionnaires on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and psychosocial factors, and accelerometry at baseline (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 6 week follow-up (T3). Eighty percent of participants (94% women, M age = 49.7 ± 9.4 years, M body mass index = 32.8 ± 5.2 kg/m2) completed the study, and 61.5% of intervention participants attended ≥10 mind-body sessions. Participants self-reported doing 78.8 ± 102.9 (median = 40.7, range: 0-470.7) min/day of MVPA and did 27.1 ± 20.7 (median = 22.0, range: 0-100.5) min/day of accelerometer-measured MVPA at baseline. Trends suggest that mind-body participants self-reported greater improvements in physical activity and psychosocial well-being from baseline to post-intervention than waitlist control participants. HH is feasible and acceptable among African American adults. Trends suggest that the mind-body intervention led to improvements in physical activity and psychosocial outcomes. This study extends the literature on the use of mind-body practices to promote physical and psychological health and reduce cancer disparities in African American adults.


Asunto(s)
Negro o Afroamericano , Calidad de Vida , Acelerometría , Adulto , Ejercicio Físico , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
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