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Rays ; 24(3): 453-9, 1999.
Artículo en Inglés, Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10605306


Concomitant radiochemotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma has been shown to be useful in improving local control and survival in operated patients and in favoring sphincter preservation when administered before surgery. Together with the search for less toxic combinations, cost-analysis of radiochemotherapy has become topical also in consideration of new generation drugs. In this study the analysis was carried out by comparing the costs for 4 different combined modalities in the dual perspective of the payer (the National Health Service) and the provider (the Hospital). Based on their characteristic of treatment and innovative aspects, the following combinations were examined: external beam radiotherapy (ERT) 50.4 Gy + 5FU bolus; ERT 50.4 Gy + 5FU protracted infusion; ERT 50.4 Gy + 5FU continuous infusion, week 1 and 5; ERT 50.4 Gy+ Tomudex bolus. Costs were evaluated based on the frequency and type of specific services provided in therapeutic protocols: the positioning of central venous catheter, time of stay in day-hospital or hospital ward and the cost of drugs. Calculations were carried out based on an "ideal" patient of 1.7 sqm body surface. Costs were based on out patient rates, DRGs and the official drug list valid to September 1999. As for day-hospital costs afforded by the payer it is observed that the most expensive combinations are bolus and continuous infusion followed by protracted infusion; Tomudex, is the most economic. As for hospital costs afforded by the provider, it is observed that the most expensive combination is continuous infusion followed by protracted infusion, bolus administration and Tomudex. In conclusion, doctors are increasingly involved in the economic and organizational aspects of therapeutic decisions; however, the patient's needs should be kept in mind; apart from the therapeutic benefits, lower toxicity and ready use of treatments are amongst the patient's needs. The analysis of the patient's satisfaction is still lacking suitable means of evaluation, however it should be defined and carefully studied for an exhaustive evaluation of the impact of combined modality therapy.

Neoplasias del Recto/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Recto/radioterapia , Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Terapia Combinada/economía , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Fluorouracilo/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Italia , Programas Nacionales de Salud/economía