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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133812, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368684

RESUMEN

Although selenium (Se) and cadmium (Cd) often coexist naturally in the soil of China, the health risks to local residents consuming Se-Cd co-enriched foods are unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects of chemical-based selenocystine (SeCys2) on cadmium chloride-induced human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cell injury and plant (Cardamine hupingshanensis)-derived SeCys2 against Cd-induced liver injury in mice. We found that chemical- and plant-based SeCys2 showed protective effects against Cd-induced HepG2 cell injury and liver damage in mice, respectively. Compared with Cd intervention group, co-treatment with chemical- or plant-based SeCys2 both alleviated liver toxicity and ferroptosis by decreasing ferrous iron, acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain (ACSL) family member 4, lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 3, reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxide levels, and increasing ACSL3, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) and glutathione and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) levels. In conclusion, chemical- and plant-based SeCys2 alleviated Cd-induced hepatotoxicity and ferroptosis by regulating SLC7A11/GPX4 signaling and lipid peroxidation. Our findings indicate that potential Cd toxicity from consuming foods grown in Se- and Cd-rich soils should be re-evaluated. This study offers a new perspective for the development of SeCys2-enriched agricultural products.


Asunto(s)
Cistina/análogos & derivados , Hepatopatías , Compuestos de Organoselenio , Selenio , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Cadmio/toxicidad , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Selenio/farmacología
2.
Phytomedicine ; 126: 155395, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340578

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The interplay of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and tumor cells plays a key role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and provides an important target for HCC therapy. The communication between them is still on the investigation. Bufalin, the active component derived from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Chansu, has been evidenced to possess anti-HCC activity by directly suppressing tumor cells, while its immunomodulatory effect on the tumor microenvironment (TME) is unclear. PURPOSE: To explore the mechanism of M2 TAM-governed tumor cell proliferation and the inhibitory effect of bufalin on HCC growth by targeting M2 macrophages. METHODS: Morphology and marker proteins were detected to evaluate macrophage polarization via microscopy and flow cytometry. Cellular proliferation and malignant transformation of HCC cells cultured with macrophage conditioned medium (CM) or bufalin-primed M2-CM, were assessed by cell viability, colony formation and soft agar assays. Regulations of gene transcription and protein expression and release were determined by RT-qPCR, immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, ELISA and immunofluorescence. Tumorigenicity upon bufalin treatment was verified in orthotopic and diethylnitrosamine-induced HCC mouse model. RESULTS: In this study, we first verified that M2 macrophages secreted Wnt1, which acted as a mediator to trigger ß-catenin activation in HCC cells, leading to cellular proliferation. Bufalin suppressed HCC cell proliferation and malignant transformation by inhibiting Wnt1 release in M2 macrophages, and dose-dependently inhibited HCC progression in mice. Mechanistically, bufalin specially targeted to block Wnt1 transcription, thus inactivating ß-catenin signaling cascade in HCC cells and leading to tumor regression in HCC mouse model. CONCLUSION: These results clearly reveal a novel potential of bufalin to suppress HCC through immunomodulation, and shed light on a new M2 macrophage-based modality of HCC immunotherapy, which additively enhances direct tumor-inhibitory efficacy of bufalin.


Asunto(s)
Bufanólidos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animales , Ratones , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Carcinogénesis , Microambiente Tumoral
3.
Clin Nutr ; 43(2): 484-493, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194788

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiologic studies have examined the association between dietary fatty acids and type 2 diabetes risk in general populations. Evidence regarding their associations with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk remains limited. This study aimed to evaluate prepregnancy fatty acids intake in relation to GDM risk. METHODS: 3,725 pregnant women from the Xi'an Birth Cohort Study who were free of previous GDM or pre-existing chronic diseases were included. Dietary intake of total fat and individual fatty acids (including saturated fatty acids [SFA], monounsaturated fatty acids [MUFA], polyunsaturated fatty acids [PUFA], and trans fatty acids) during the year preceding pregnancy was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire before 16 weeks of gestation. GDM was confirmed based on the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Log-binomial or modified Poisson regression models were applied to estimate the relative risks (RRs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95%CIs) of GDM for fatty acids intake. Generalized linear regression was adopted for blood glucose levels with fatty acids intake. RESULTS: 644 (17.3 %) incident GDM cases were confirmed in our study. Participants in the highest intake of total fat substituting for carbohydrates had a 33 % reduced risk of GDM than those in the lowest intake (RR:0.67; 95%CI:0.55,0.81). For individual fatty acids, only PUFA intake was associated with a lower risk of GDM, with RR comparing extreme tertiles of 0.61 (95%CI:0.49,0.76). Each 2 % increase in energy from total fat and PUFA replacing carbohydrates decreased the risk of GDM by 6 % (95%CI:3 %,9 %) and 15 % (95%CI:9 %,21 %), respectively. Similar inverse associations with intake of total fat and PUFA were observed for blood glucose levels. Further analyses of SFA substitution showed that replacement of 2 % energy from SFA with PUFA and MUFA was associated with 26 % (RR:0.74; 95%CI:0.62,0.88) and 30 % (RR:0.70; 95%CI:0.50, 0.98) decreased risk of GDM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Greater intake of total fat and PUFA before pregnancy was associated with lower risk of GDM when replacing carbohydrates. Substitution SFA with PUFA and MUFA was also inversely associated with GDM risk. These findings support the important role of optimal dietary fatty acids composition in the prevention of GDM.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Diabetes Gestacional , Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Dieta/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiología , Glucemia , Grasas de la Dieta/efectos adversos , Ácidos Grasos , Ácidos Grasos Insaturados , Ácidos Grasos Monoinsaturados
4.
BMJ Open ; 13(9): e066171, 2023 09 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37709313

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as a part of parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing liver surgery. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Springer link, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and VIP Database. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and evaluated the outcomes of liver function, inflammatory reaction, the influence of certain markers of the immune system, and specific clinical indexes for patients undergoing liver surgery and receiving parenteral nutrition with n-3 PUFAs. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: The Cochrane Collaboration's tool was used to assess the risk of bias for each study. Findings were summarised in Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation evidence profiles and synthesised qualitatively. RESULTS: Eight RCTs, including 748 patients (trial: 374; control: 374), were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with patients in the control group, the patients in the n-3 PUFA group who underwent liver surgery had significantly lower aspartate aminotransferase (mean difference, MD -42.72 (95% CI -71.91 to -13.52); p=0.004), alanine aminotransferase (MD -38.90 (95% CI -65.44 to -12.37); p=0.004), white cell count (MD -0.93 (95% CI -1.60 to -0.26); p=0.007) and IL-6 (MD -11.37 (95% CI -14.62 to -8.13); p<0.00001) levels and a higher albumin level (MD 0.42 (95% CI 0.26 to 0.57); p<0.00001). They also had fewer infection complications (OR 0.44 (95% CI 0.28 to 0.68); p=0.0003) and a shorter duration of hospital stay (MD -2.17 (95% CI -3.04 to -1.3); p<0.00001) than the controls. However, there were no significant differences in terms of total bilirubin, TNF-α, IL-2, IgA, IgG, IgM and CD3, biliary leakage and mortality between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found that n-3 PUFAs can benefit patients undergoing liver surgery by improving liver function and certain clinical indexes and decreasing related inflammation factors. However, there are limited RCTs on the application of n-3 PUFAs for patients undergoing liver surgery. Further evidence of the benefit of n-3 PUFAs in these patients warrants further exploration.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos Omega-3 , Ácidos Grasos Insaturados , Humanos , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/uso terapéutico , Inflamación , Nutrición Parenteral , Hígado/cirugía
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 34(6): 1547-1554, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37694417

RESUMEN

Root-associated fungi play a vital role in maintaining nutrient absorption and health of host plants. To compare the responses of root-associated fungal community structures to nitrogen (N) and/or phosphorus (P) additions across differential mycorrhizal types, we collected roots of nine plant species belonging to three mycorrhizal types (arbuscular mycorrhiza, ectomycorrhiza, and ericoid mycorrhiza) under control and N and/or P addition treatments from a subtropical forest, and detected the diversity and community composition of fungi inhabiting roots through the high-throughput sequencing technique. The results showed that root-associated fungal communities of all nine plant species were mainly composed of Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. The relative abundance of Ascomycota and Basidiomycota was significantly lower and higher under the P addition than that under control, respectively. The relative abundance of Ascomycota of ericoid mycorrhizal trees was significantly higher than those of arbuscular mycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal trees, while the relative abundance of Basidiomycota was significantly lower than the other two mycorrhizal types. Compared with the control, P addition significantly reduced the α-diversity and changed community composition of root-associated fungi across different mycorrhizal plant types, while no effect of N addition or mycorrhizal type was observed. Compared with the control and N addition treatments, NP addition caused root-associated fungal communities of all plants becoming integrally divergent. In addition, the fungal communities of ectomycorrhizal mycorrhizal trees became apparently convergent in comparison with those of arbuscular and ericoid mycorrhizal trees under the NP addition. Collectively, our results highlighted that P was a critical factor influencing community structures of tree root-associated fungi in subtropical forest soils. This study would enhance our understanding of the responses and maintenance mechanisms of plant root-associated fungal diversity under global environmental changes in the subtropical region.


Asunto(s)
Micobioma , Micorrizas , Nitrógeno , Bosques , Árboles , Fósforo
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(12): 3360-3372, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37382019

RESUMEN

UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and network pharmacology were employed to preliminarily study the active components and mechanism of Jinwugutong Capsules in the treatment of osteoporosis. Firstly, UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS was employed to characterize the chemical components of Jinwugutong Capsules, and network pharmacology was employed to establish the "drug-component-target-pathway-disease" network. The key targets and main active components were thus obtained. Secondly, AutoDock was used for the molecular docking between the main active components and key targets. Finally, the animal model of osteoporosis was established, and the effect of Jinwugutong Capsules on the expression of key targets including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), albumin(ALB), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). A total of 59 chemical components were identified from Jinwugutong Capsules, among which coryfolin, 8-prenylnaringenin, demethoxycurcumin, isobavachin, and genistein may be the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules in treating osteoporosis. The topological analysis of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network revealed 10 core targets such as AKT1, ALB, catenin beta 1(CTNNB1), TNF, and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment showed that Jinwugutong Capsules mainly exerted the therapeutic effect by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(AKT) signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and so on. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules well bound to the key targets. ELISA results showed that Jinwugutong Capsules down-regulated the protein levels of AKT1 and TNF-α and up-regulated the protein level of ALB, which preliminarily verified the reliability of network pharmacology. This study indicates that Jinwugutong Capsules may play a role in the treatment of osteoporosis through multiple components, targets, and pathways, which can provide reference for the further research.


Asunto(s)
Farmacología en Red , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Animales , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/genética , Cápsulas , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
7.
Theranostics ; 13(4): 1325-1341, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36923537

RESUMEN

Background and Purpose: Atherosclerosis is the main pathophysiological foundation of cardiovascular disease, which was caused by inflammation and lipid metabolism disorder, along with vascular calcification. Aortic calcification leads to reduced plaque stability and eventually causes plaque rupture which leads to cardiovascular events. Presently, the drug to treat aortic calcification remains not to be available. Ganoderma lucidum spore powder (GLSP) is from Ganoderma lucidum which is a Traditional Chinese Medicine with the homology of medicine and food. It has multiple pharmacological effects, but no research on aortic calcification during atherosclerosis was performed. This study investigated the effects of GLSP on atherosclerosis and aortic calcification and revealed the underlying mechanism. Methods: In vivo, 8-week-aged male LDLR-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet to induce atherosclerosis along with aortic calcification. Simultaneously, the mice were treated with GLSP at the first week of HFD feeding to determine the protection against early and advanced atherosclerosis. Subsequently, the mice tissues were collected to evaluate the effects of GLSP on atherosclerosis, and aortic calcification, and to reveal the underlying mechanism. In vitro, we determined the major components of GLSP triterpenes by HPLC, and subsequently assessed the protective effects of these main active components on lipid metabolism, inflammation, and calcification in RAW264.7 and HASMC cells. Results: We observed GLSP attenuated plaque area and aortic calcification in the mice with early and advanced atherosclerosis. GLSP reduced the number of foam cells by improving ABCA1/G1-mediated cholesterol efflux in macrophages. In addition, GLSP protected against the aortic endothelium activation. Moreover, GLSP inhibited aortic calcification by inactivating RUNX2-mediated osteogenesis in HASMCs. Furthermore, we determined the major components of GLSP triterpenes, including Ganoderic acid A, Ganoderic acid B, Ganoderic acid C6, Ganoderic acid G, and Ganodermanontriol, and found that these triterpenes promoted ABCA1/G1-mediated cholesterol efflux and inhibited inflammation in macrophage, and inactivated RUNX2-mediated osteogenesis in VSMC. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that GLSP attenuates atherosclerosis and aortic calcification by improving ABCA1/G1-mediated cholesterol efflux and inactivating RUNX2-mediated osteogenesis in LDLR-/- mice. GLSP may be a potential drug candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and vascular calcification.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Placa Aterosclerótica , Reishi , Triterpenos , Calcificación Vascular , Masculino , Ratones , Animales , Reishi/metabolismo , Polvos/metabolismo , Polvos/farmacología , Osteogénesis , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Subunidad alfa 1 del Factor de Unión al Sitio Principal/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Esporas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Aterosclerosis/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacología , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamiento farmacológico , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Calcificación Vascular/tratamiento farmacológico , Calcificación Vascular/metabolismo , Ratones Noqueados
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(3): 336-40, 2023 Mar 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36858399

RESUMEN

Based on the physiological and pathological characteristics of meridian sinew theory, the staging treatment of non-specific low back pain (NLBP) is explored to provide the reference of clinical practice. The twelve meridian sinews of the human body communicate with the bones and joints of the whole body, which governs the movement, body protection and defense, and meridian regulation. Physiologically, the meridian sinew maintains the functions of the lumbar region. In pathology, the meridian sinew may encounter stasis and pain, contraction and spasm or "transverse collateral" formation. According to the pathological staging of meridian sinew disorders, the progress of NLBP is divided into 3 phases and the corresponding treatments are provided. Mild stimulation and rapid analgesia is suggested to promote tissue repair at the early phase; muscle spasm is relieved to adjust muscular status at the middle phase; and the "cord-like" muscle foci is removed at the later phase of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Analgesia , Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Meridianos , Humanos , Manejo del Dolor , Región Lumbosacra
9.
World J Surg ; 47(5): 1153-1162, 2023 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36745198

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Facilitating the recurrence of spontaneous voiding is considered to be a way to prevent urinary retention after surgery, which is of great importance in cholecystectomy. This study aimed to assess the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on spontaneous voiding recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectom. METHODS: Participants who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to either the TEAS group or the sham group. Active TEAS or sham TEAS at specific acupuncture points was conducted intraoperatively and postoperatively. The primary outcome was the recovery speed of spontaneous voiding ability after surgery and secondary outcomes included postoperative urinary retention (POUR), voiding dysfunction, pain, anxiety and depression, and early recovery after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 1,948 participants were recruited and randomized to TEAS (n = 975) or sham (n = 973) between August 2018 and June 2020. TEAS shortens the time delay of the first spontaneous voiding after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (5.6 h [IQR, 3.7-8.1 h] in the TEAS group vs 7.0 h [IQR, 4.7-9.7 h] in the sham group) (p < 0.001). The TEAS group experienced less POUR (p = 0.020), less voiding difficulty (p < 0.001), less anxiety and depression (p < 0.001), reduced pain (p = 0.007), and earlier ambulation (p = 0.01) than the sham group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that TEAS is an effective approach to accelerate the recovery of spontaneous voiding and reduce POUR which facilitates recovery for patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Asunto(s)
Colecistectomía Laparoscópica , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Retención Urinaria , Humanos , Colecistectomía Laparoscópica/efectos adversos , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio/métodos , Retención Urinaria/etiología , Retención Urinaria/terapia , Puntos de Acupuntura , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Dolor
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(50): e32311, 2022 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550849

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF), manifested as a severe or end stage of various cardiac diseases, is characterized by increased incidence, mortality, re-hospitalization, and economic burden. Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most common and important causes of HF. Since 2005, acute MI (AMI)-associated mortality in China has been on the rise, and MI accounts for 23.1% of the causes of HF. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the unique advantages of controlling angina pectoris and HF symptoms, and improving patients' quality of life. Compound Xueshuantong Capsule (CXSTC), also named as Fufang Xueshuantong Capsule, has the effect of increasing cardiac output and protecting myocardial function. In this trial, we aim to investigate the efficacy and safety of CXSTC in the prophylactic treatment of post-infarction HF and attempt to provide a clinical evidence-based basis for the prophylactic treatment of HF after AMI using TCM. METHODS: This will be a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-parallel controlled trial. A total of 300 patients diagnosed with AMI and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention within 12 hours of diagnosis will be randomized 1:1 into 2 groups: the control group that will be administered conventional Western medicine plus placebo and the trial group that will be administered XST along with the conventional Western medicine. The duration of treatment will be 3 months and the follow-up will be up to 6 months for both groups. The main efficacy indicator is the incidence of HF. The secondary efficacy indicators are cardiac function classification, 6-minute walk test score, TCM syndrome score, survival quality score, brain natriuretic peptide level, ultrasensitive C-reactive protein level, and cardiac ultrasound result. Data will be collected to analyze the underlying mechanisms by using IBM SPSS 23.0 software. DISCUSSION: By investigating the efficacy and safety of CXSTC, this study will provide a clinical evidence base for the use of TCM in the prophylactic treatment of post-infarction HF.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Incidencia , Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/etiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Método Doble Ciego , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36290963

RESUMEN

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is considered a promising noninvasive therapeutic strategy in biomedicine, especially by utilizing low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in visible and near-infrared spectra to trigger biological responses. The major challenge of PDT in applications is the complicated and time-consuming biological methodological measurements in identification of light formulas for different diseases. Here, we demonstrate a rapid and label-free identification method based on artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted terahertz imaging for efficient light formulas in LLLT of acute lung injury (ALI). The gray histogram of terahertz images is developed as the biophysical characteristics to identify the therapeutic effect. Label-free terahertz imaging is sequentially performed using rapid super-resolution imaging reconstruction and automatic identification algorithm based on a voting classifier. The results indicate that the therapeutic effect of LLLT with different light wavelengths and irradiation times for ALI can be identified using this method with a high accuracy of 91.22% in 33 s, which is more than 400 times faster than the biological methodology and more than 200 times faster than the scanning terahertz imaging technology. It may serve as a new tool for the development and application of PDT.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Luz de Baja Intensidad , Fotoquimioterapia , Imágen por Terahertz , Inteligencia Artificial , Terapia por Luz de Baja Intensidad/métodos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos
12.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 624: 164-170, 2022 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35952538

RESUMEN

Electroacupuncture (EA) can protect against acute urinary retention (AUR); however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Non-vesicular ATP release mediated by transient receptor potential (TRP) channels were identified as a key contributor to signaling in urothelial cells. In this study, the AUR model was established by urethral outlet obstruction in female Sprague-Dawley rats. EA was performed at SP6 and BL32 for 0.5 h prior to induction of AUR. EA reduced TRPV1 expression and urinary ATP concentrations in rat bladder, decreased the peak intravesical pressure during AUR, and attenuated abnormal voiding patterns and bladder pathological injury induced by AUR. Besides, 179 patients who experienced postoperative urinary retention were recruited and found that EA reduced urinary ATP concentrations and accelerated the recovery of spontaneous voiding. These observations indicate that EA exerts protection against AUR-induced bladder dysfunction by reducing urinary ATP concentrations through the regulation of TRPV1.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Retención Urinaria , Adenosina Trifosfato/metabolismo , Animales , Femenino , Humanos , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Transducción de Señal , Canales Catiónicos TRPV/metabolismo , Vejiga Urinaria/metabolismo , Vejiga Urinaria/patología , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/prevención & control , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria/terapia , Retención Urinaria/complicaciones , Retención Urinaria/etiología , Retención Urinaria/metabolismo
13.
Phytomedicine ; 106: 154389, 2022 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037771

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cardiac fibrosis is a major structural change observed in the heart of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), ultimately resulting in heart failure (HF). Suppression of inflammation is an effective therapeutic strategy for treating cardiac fibrosis and HF. Gentiopicroside (GPS), the primary component of Gentiana manshurica Kitagawa, possess potent anti-inflammatory activity. However, its cardioprotective role remains elusive. PURPOSE: We explored the potential cardioprotective role of GPS in T2DM rats and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: T2DM rats built by high-fat diet and streptozotocin were orally administered 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg GPS, daily for 8 weeks. The positive control drug was Metformin (200 mg/kg/day). Primary cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were induced by high glucose (30 mM) and subsequently treated with GPS (100 µM). Cardiac function and pathological changes were analyzed using echocardiography and histological staining. Potential targets of GPS were predicted using Molecular docking. Real-time PCR as well as western blotting were applied to verify the expression of objective genes. RESULTS: All three doses reduced fasting blood glucose levels, but only 50 and 100 mg/kg GPS improved cardiac function and alleviated inflammation and fibrosis in T2DM rats. GPS (100 mg/kg) exhibited a better effect, similar to that of metformin. Mechanistically, binding between GPS and the MH2 domain of Smad3 blocked high glucose-induced Smad3 phosphorylation, thus attenuating inflammation, oxidative stress, and activation in CFs. CONCLUSION: We, for the first time, demonstrated that GPS improved cardiac function in T2DM rats and elucidated the underlying mechanism through which GPS targeted Smad3 phosphorylation to suppress inflammation and activation in CFs, thereby revealing the potential application of GPS in HF therapy.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Metformina , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico , Glucemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Fibrosis , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/metabolismo , Inflamación/metabolismo , Glucósidos Iridoides , Metformina/uso terapéutico , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Miocardio/metabolismo , Fosforilación , Ratas , Proteína smad3/metabolismo , Estreptozocina
14.
Nature ; 609(7925): 46-51, 2022 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045238

RESUMEN

Superlattices-a periodic stacking of two-dimensional layers of two or more materials-provide a versatile scheme for engineering materials with tailored properties1,2. Here we report an intrinsic heterodimensional superlattice consisting of alternating layers of two-dimensional vanadium disulfide (VS2) and a one-dimensional vanadium sulfide (VS) chain array, deposited directly by chemical vapour deposition. This unique superlattice features an unconventional 1T stacking with a monoclinic unit cell of VS2/VS layers identified by scanning transmission electron microscopy. An unexpected Hall effect, persisting up to 380 kelvin, is observed when the magnetic field is in-plane, a condition under which the Hall effect usually vanishes. The observation of this effect is supported by theoretical calculations, and can be attributed to an unconventional anomalous Hall effect owing to an out-of-plane Berry curvature induced by an in-plane magnetic field, which is related to the one-dimensional VS chain. Our work expands the conventional understanding of superlattices and will stimulate the synthesis of more extraordinary superstructures.

15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966745

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the external application of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods: This is a prospective trial. A total of 114 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who were hospitalized in our hospital from October 2020 to March 2022 were selected and randomly divided into the research group and the control group at the ratio of 1 : 1. The control group received chemotherapy + tropisetron 4 mg intravenous drip 30 minutes before chemotherapy./day × 3 days. The research group received chemotherapy + intravenous infusion of tropisetron 4 mg 30 minutes before chemotherapy, once a day for 3 days + external application of traditional Chinese medicine for 5 days. The therapeutic effects of the two groups of patients were compared. Results: After treatment, the serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and endogenous creatinine in the research group were better than those in the control group (t = 15.943, 12.005, and 13.325; P=0.001, 0.005, and 0.005). After treatment, ALT and TBIL in the research group were superior to those in the control group (t = 11.583, 10.012, and 9.426; P=0.001, 0.002, and 0.001). After treatment, the physiological status, social/family status, emotional status, and family status of the research group were significantly better than those in the control group (t = 16.274, 5.379, 5.142, and 8.153; P=0.005, 0.000, 0.002, and 0.001). After treatment, the ECOG score and KPS score (82.46 ± 4.61) of the research group were significantly different from those of the control group (t = 11.913 and 9.357; P=0.035 and 0.001). The effective rate (χ 2 = 11.724; P=0.000) of the research group was higher but the incidence of adverse reaction (χ 2 = 4.294; P=0.001) was lower than that of the control group. Conclusion: External application of traditional Chinese medicine can significantly reduce nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer and can improve the patient's body and quality of life, which is worthy of clinical research and promotion.

16.
J Surg Res ; 273: 15-23, 2022 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016152

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Electroacupuncture (EA) treatment has been demonstrated to have the potential to prevent sepsis-induced hippocampal injury; however, the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of EA against such injury remain unclear. Herein, to elucidate these mechanisms, we constructed a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hippocampal injury to investigate the protection mechanism of EA and to determine whether heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)-mediated mitochondrial function is involved in the protective effect of EA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sepsis model of hippocampal injury was induced by administering LPS. The Zusanli and Baihui acupoints were stimulated using EA for 30 min once a day, for 5 d before LPS exposure and the first day after administering LPS. Hippocampal injury was investigated by hematoxylin and eosin staining and Nissl staining. HO-1 levels were measured using Western blotting. Mitochondrial metabolism was validated by assessing adenosine triphosphate, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde levels, reactive oxygen species production, and mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. Mitochondrial morphology was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: EA treatment alleviated neuronal injury, impeded oxidative stress, and improved mitochondrial respiratory function, energy metabolism, and mitochondrial morphology in LPS-exposed mice. In addition, HO-1 knockout aggravated LPS-induced hippocampal injury, aggravated oxidative stress, and reduced mitochondrial respiratory function and aggravated mitochondrial swelling, crest relaxation, and vacuole degeneration. Moreover, EA was unable to reverse the hippocampal damage and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by LPS exposure after HO-1 knockout. CONCLUSIONS: EA improves LPS-induced hippocampal injury by regulating HO-1-mediated mitochondrial function. Furthermore, HO-1 plays a critical role in maintaining mitochondrial function and resisting oxidative injury.


Asunto(s)
Electroacupuntura , Sepsis , Animales , Hemo-Oxigenasa 1/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos , Ratones , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Sepsis/metabolismo , Sepsis/terapia
17.
J Food Sci ; 87(2): 699-713, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35048369

RESUMEN

This study investigated the changes in aroma composition and perception of sunflower oils induced by seed roasting using sensory-oriented flavor analysis. Volatile compounds were extracted by solvent-assisted flavor evaporation and headspace solid-phase microextraction. Odorants were characterized by gas chromatography-olfactometry-mass spectrometry and aroma extract dilution analysis. The cold-pressed and roasted sunflower oils contained 13 and 50 odorants, respectively, with the flavor dilution factors between 1 and 256. Fifty-six odorants were newly identified in sunflower oils. Quantification of 26 important odorants by the external standard method revealed apparent changes induced by seed roasting in loss of terpenes, formation of Maillard reaction products, and the increase in lipid oxidation products. The most important odorants (odor active values, OAVs = 1-1857) in the cold-pressed sunflower oil included α-pinene (11,145 µg/kg), ß-pinene (4068 µg/kg), linalool (56 µg/kg), hexanal (541 µg/kg), octanal (125 µg/kg), α-phellandrene (36 µg/kg), and (E)-2-octenal (69 µg/kg), contributing to the raw sunflower seed, woody, green, earthy, and sweet aromas of the oil. The most important contributors (OAVs = 1-884) to the roasted, smoky, and burnt aromas of the roasted sunflower oil were 2- and 3-methylbutanal (6726 and 714 µg/kg), 2,6-dimethylpyrazine (2329 µg/kg), 2,5-dimethylpyrazine (12,228 µg/kg), 2,3-dimethylpyrazine (238 µg/kg), 2,3-pentanedione (1456 µg/kg), 2-pentylfuran (1332 µg/kg), 2,3-dimethyl-5-ethylpyrazine (213 µg/kg), and 1-pentanol (693 µg/kg). Aroma recombination of the key odorants in odorless sunflower oil adequately mimicked the general aroma profiles of sunflower oils. This study provides an important foundation for understanding the relationship between oil processing and aroma molecules of sunflower oils. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The clear changes observed in the composition and concentrations of key aroma compounds explained the changes in sensory characteristics of sunflower seed oils induced by seed roasting on a molecular basis. Characterizing the key aroma-active composition of sunflower oil and investigating its relationship with oil processing could provide important practical applications for the sunflower oil industry in flavor regulation, quality control, product development, and process optimization.


Asunto(s)
Helianthus , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles , Odorantes , Aceites , Olfatometría , Aceite de Girasol
18.
Curr Mol Pharmacol ; 15(1): 179-189, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687905

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As one of the effective pharmacological constituents of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) exerts a remarkable anticancer effect on various cancer cell lines in vitro and strongly inhibits tumor growth in vivo without severe toxicity. OBJECTIVE: This article reviewed existing evidence supporting the anticancer effects of Rh2 to classify and conclude previous and current knowledge on the mechanisms and therapeutic effects of Rh2, as well as to promote the clinical application of this natural product. CONCLUSION: This article reviewed the anticancer efficacies and mechanisms of Rh2, including the induction of cell cycle arrest and programmed cell death, repression of metastasis, alleviation of drug resistance, and regulation of the immune system. Finally, this paper discussed the research and application prospects of Rh2.


Asunto(s)
Ginsenósidos , Panax , Apoptosis , Puntos de Control del Ciclo Celular , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Ginsenósidos/uso terapéutico
19.
Food Res Int ; 150(Pt A): 110794, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865809

RESUMEN

This was the first study to compare the key aroma-active compounds that contributed to the different aroma profiles between roasted and cold-pressed sesame oils. Aroma compounds were extracted by headspace solid-phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and were analysed using gas chromatography-olfactometry-mass spectrometry (GC-O-MS) and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). The numbers of aroma-active compounds with the flavour dilution (FD) factors between 1 and 2048 were 57 and 16 in the roasted and cold-pressed sesame oils, respectively. A total of 28 volatile compounds were identified as aroma-active compounds in sesame oils for the first time. Important aroma compounds (FD ≥ 8) were quantified by the external standard method, and their odour activity values (OAV) were calculated as the ratio of their concentrations to odour thresholds in oil. The numbers of key aroma-active compounds defined by OAVs ≥ 1 were 23 (OAVs = 1-385) and 8 (OAVs = 1-42), respectively, in the roasted and cold-pressed sesame oils. 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol (smoked, 1924 µg/kg, OAV = 385), 2-methoxyphenol (smoked, 1488 µg/kg, OAV = 114) and pyrazines (roasted and nutty, 578-22750 µg/kg, OAV = 1-67) were the most important aroma-active compounds in the roasted sesame oil, whereas hexanal (green and fruity, 3094 µg/kg, OAV = 42) was the most important aroma-active compound in the cold-pressed sesame oil, followed by (E,E)-2,4-decadienal (earthy, 4170 µg/kg, OAV = 31), dimethyl sulfone (sulphur-like, 406 µg/kg, OAV = 20) and octanal (green and fruity, 901 µg/kg, OAV = 16). This study provides valuable information for manufacturers to achieve precise flavour control of sesame oil products.


Asunto(s)
Odorantes , Aceite de Sésamo , Aromatizantes , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Odorantes/análisis , Olfatometría
20.
Molecules ; 26(24)2021 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946578

RESUMEN

Flavonols possess several beneficial bioactivities in vitro and in vivo. In this study, two flavonols galangin and quercetin with or without heat treatment (100 °C for 15-30 min) were assessed for their anti-inflammatory activities in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat intestinal epithelial (IEC-6) cells and whether the heat treatment caused activity changes. The flavonol dosages of 2.5-20 µmol/L had no cytotoxicity on the cells but could enhance cell viability (especially using 5 µmol/L flavonol dosage). The flavonols could decrease the production of prostaglandin E2 and three pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and simultaneously promote the production of two anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and transforming growth factor-ß. The Western-blot results verified that the flavonols could suppress the LPS-induced expression of TLR4 and phosphorylated IκBα and p65, while the molecular docking results also illustrated that the flavonols could bind with TLR4 and NF-κB to yield energy decreases of -(21.9-28.6) kJ/mol. Furthermore, an inhibitor BAY 11-7082 blocked the NF-κB signaling pathway by inhibiting the expression of phosphorylated IκBα/p65 and thus mediated the production of IL-6/IL-10 as the flavonols did, which confirmed the assessed anti-inflammatory effect of the flavonols. Consistently, galangin had higher anti-inflammatory activity than quercetin, while the heated flavonols (especially those with longer heat time) were less active than the unheated counterparts to exert these target anti-inflammatory effects. It is highlighted that the flavonols could antagonize the LPS-caused IEC-6 cells inflammation via suppressing TLR4/NF-κB activation, but heat treatment of the flavonols led to reduced anti-inflammatory efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Células Epiteliales/efectos de los fármacos , Flavonoides/farmacología , Calor , Mucosa Intestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Quercetina/farmacología , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/química , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Citocinas/antagonistas & inhibidores , Citocinas/biosíntesis , Dinoprostona/antagonistas & inhibidores , Dinoprostona/biosíntesis , Células Epiteliales/metabolismo , Flavonoides/química , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/antagonistas & inhibidores , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Estructura Molecular , FN-kappa B/antagonistas & inhibidores , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Quercetina/química , Ratas , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Receptor Toll-Like 4/antagonistas & inhibidores , Receptor Toll-Like 4/metabolismo
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