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Pain Manag Nurs ; 24(5): e102-e108, 2023 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37482453


BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a complex condition that is widespread among older Black adults. Nonpharmacologic interventions are recommended as first-line therapy, but their use in practice is limited, possibly due to misunderstanding of their analgesic characteristics. AIM: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of listening to preferred music at home to relieve pain in older Black adults aged 65 years or older with LBP. METHOD: We recruited 20 community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) with LBP to use noise-isolating headphones to listen to their preferred music for 20 minutes twice daily for four days via the MUSIC CARE® app. Feasibility was determined using enrollment, adherence, and attrition rates, and acceptability was determined using the Treatment Acceptance and Preference (TAP) scale. Average pain scores were self-reported using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) after the second intervention of the day. Pain scores were evaluated using paired sample t test and repeated-measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Enrollment, adherence, and attrition rates were 95.25%, 100.00%, and 0.00%, respectively. Most participants rated the TAP scale at ≥3, indicating acceptance. Pain scores decreased significantly from baseline (M = 46.90, SD = 21.47) to post-intervention (M = 35.70, SD = 16.57), t (19) = 2.29, p = .03. Repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant decrease in mean pain scores over time [F (2.36, 44.88) = 5.61, p = .004, η2 = .23]. CONCLUSIONS: Listening to preferred music for 20 minutes twice a day is a feasible and acceptable intervention that can considerably reduce pain in older Black adults with LBP.

Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Musicoterapia , Música , Humanos , Anciano , Dolor de la Región Lumbar/terapia , Proyectos Piloto , Estudios de Factibilidad
J Perianesth Nurs ; 36(5): 573-580.e1, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994100


PURPOSE: To investigate the role of music listening in reducing pain in adults undergoing colonoscopy. DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effect of music in reducing pain in adults undergoing colonoscopy. METHODS: We searched CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed for RCTs that reported on the effects of music listening in reducing pain in adult patients undergoing colonoscopy from database inception to March 15, 2020, when the search was completed. Studies published in English with adult participants testing the efficacy of music during colonoscopy were eligible for inclusion. Studies reporting the results of combined nonpharmacological interventions were excluded. The methodological quality of each included RCT was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool for assessing the risk of bias. Two authors independently abstracted data and assessed risks of bias. FINDINGS: Seven RCTs with a total of 622 adult participants fulfilled our inclusion criteria and were, therefore, included. A random-effects model estimated the summary effect of the 7 included studies as -1.83 ± 0.98, P = 0.06. CONCLUSIONS: Although our meta-analysis demonstrated a small treatment effect, this effect was clinically not statistically significant. Substantial heterogeneity among the included trials limits the certainty of our findings. Additional trials investigating the effects of listening to music on pain in adults undergoing colonoscopy are needed to generate further evidence to establish the analgesic effect of music in adults undergoing colonoscopy.

Musicoterapia , Música , Adulto , Colonoscopía , Humanos , Dolor
J Clin Neurosci ; 70: 140-145, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421990


Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to be effective for reducing pain, and a growing body of literature shows the potential analgesic effects of mindfulness-based meditation (MBM). However, few studies have investigated the potential benefits associated with combining tDCS and MBM in older adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of home-based tDCS paired with MBM in older adults with knee OA. Thirty participants 50-85 years old with symptomatic knee OA were randomly assigned to receive 10 daily sessions of home-based 2 mA tDCS paired with active MBM for 20 min (n = 15) or sham tDCS paired with sham MBM (n = 15). We measured clinical pain and OA symptoms via a Numeric Rating Scale and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index. Pressure pain sensitivity and conditioned pain modulation were measured using quantitative sensory testing. Participant satisfaction and side effects were assessed via a questionnaire. Active tDCS paired with active MBM significantly reduced scores on the Numeric Rating Scale and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and increased pressure pain thresholds and conditioned pain modulation. Participants tolerated tDCS paired with MBM well without serious adverse effects and were satisfied with the treatment. Our findings demonstrate promising clinical efficacy of home-based tDCS paired with MBM for older adults with knee OA.

Meditación/métodos , Atención Plena/métodos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/terapia , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Estimulación Transcraneal de Corriente Directa/métodos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/complicaciones , Dolor/etiología , Proyectos Piloto , Resultado del Tratamiento