Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Más filtros

Medicinas Complementárias
Métodos Terapéuticos y Terapias MTCI
Bases de datos
Tipo del documento
País de afiliación
Intervalo de año de publicación
EBioMedicine ; 79: 103974, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430453


BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive degenerative disorder that leads to joint destruction. Available treatments only target the inflammatory component with minimal impact on joint repair. We recently uncovered a previously unappreciated family of pro-resolving mediators, the maresin conjugate in tissue regeneration (MCTR), that display both immunoregulatory and tissue-protective activities. Thus, we queried whether the production of these autacoids is disrupted in RA patients and whether they can be useful in treating joint inflammation and promoting joint repair. METHODS: Using a highly phenotyped RA cohort we evaluated plasma MCTR concentrations and correlated these to clinical markers of disease activity. To evaluate the immunoregulatory and tissue reparative activities we employed both in vivo models of arthritis and organ culture models. FINDINGS: Herein, we observed that plasma MCTR3 concentrations were negatively correlated with joint disease activity and severity in RA patients. Evaluation of the mechanisms engaged by this mediator in arthritic mice demonstrated that MCTR3 reprograms monocytes to confer enduring joint protective properties. Single cell transcriptomic profiling and flow cytometric evaluation of macrophages from mice treated with MCTR3-reprogrammed monocytes revealed a role for Arginase-1 (Arg-1) in mediating their joint reparative and pro-resolving activities. Arg-1 inhibition reversed both the anti-arthritic and tissue reparative actions of MCTR3-reprogrammed monocytes. INTERPRETATION: Our findings demonstrate that circulating MCTR3 levels are negatively correlated with disease in RA. When administered to mice in vivo, MCTR3 displayed both anti-inflammatory and joint reparative activities, protecting both cartilage and bone in murine arthritis. These activities were, at least in part, mediated via the reprogramming of mononuclear phagocyte responses. FUNDING: This work was supported by funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant no: 677542) and the Barts Charity (grant no: MGU0343) to J.D. J.D. is also supported by a Sir Henry Dale Fellowship jointly funded by the Wellcome Trust and the Royal Society (grant 107613/Z/15/Z).

Artritis Experimental , Artritis Reumatoide , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Arginasa/genética , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Macrófagos , Ratones , Monocitos
Circ Res ; 126(1): 75-90, 2020 01 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829100


RATIONALE: Specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPM-lipoxins, resolvins, protectins, and maresins) are produced via the enzymatic conversion of essential fatty acids, including the omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid and n-3 docosapentaenoic acid. These mediators exert potent leukocyte directed actions and control vascular inflammation. Supplementation of animals and humans with essential fatty acids, in particular omega-3 fatty acids, exerts protective actions reducing vascular and systemic inflammation. Of note, the mechanism(s) activated by these supplements in exerting their protective actions remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Given that essential fatty acids are precursors in the biosynthesises of SPM, the aim of the present study was to establish the relationship between supplementation and peripheral SPM concentrations. We also investigated the relationship between changes in plasma SPM concentrations and peripheral blood platelet and leukocyte responses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Healthy volunteers were enrolled in a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study, and peripheral blood was collected at baseline, 2, 4, 6, and 24 hours post administration of placebo or one of 3 doses of an enriched marine oil supplement. Assessment of plasma SPM concentrations using lipid mediator profiling demonstrated a time- and dose-dependent increase in peripheral blood SPM concentration. Supplementation also led to a regulation of peripheral blood cell responses. Here we found a dose-dependent increase in neutrophil and monocyte phagocytosis of bacteria and a decrease in the diurnal activation of leukocytes and platelets, as measured by a reduction in adhesion molecule expression. In addition, transcriptomic analysis of peripheral blood cells demonstrated a marked change in transcript levels of immune and metabolic genes 24 hours post supplementation when compared with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these findings demonstrate that supplementation with an enriched marine oil leads to an increase in peripheral blood SPM concentrations and reprograms peripheral blood cells, indicating a role for SPM in mediating the immune-directed actions of this supplement. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: Unique identifier: NCT03347006.

Suplementos Dietéticos , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/sangre , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/farmacología , Aceites de Pescado/farmacología , Sistema Inmunológico/efectos de los fármacos , Lipoxinas/sangre , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Células Sanguíneas/efectos de los fármacos , Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adhesión Celular/sangre , Ritmo Circadiano/efectos de los fármacos , Estudios Cruzados , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Método Doble Ciego , Ácidos Grasos Esenciales/fisiología , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Aceites de Pescado/administración & dosificación , Ontología de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fagocitosis/efectos de los fármacos , Factor de Activación Plaquetaria/farmacología , Agregación Plaquetaria/efectos de los fármacos , Transcripción Genética/efectos de los fármacos , Adulto Joven
FASEB J ; 31(8): 3636-3648, 2017 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28465323


Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition characterized by overzealous inflammation that leads to joint damage and is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease. Statins are frontline therapeutics for patients with cardiovascular disease and exert beneficial actions in rheumatoid arthritis. The mechanism that mediates the beneficial actions of statins in rheumatoid arthritis remains of interest. In the present study, we found that the administration of 2 clinically relevant statins-atorvastatin (0.2 mg/kg) or pravastatin (0.2 mg/kg)-to mice during inflammatory arthritis up-regulated systemic and tissue amounts of a novel family of proresolving mediators, termed 13-series resolvins (RvTs), and significantly reduced joint disease. Of note, administration of simvastatin (0.2 mg/kg) did not significantly up-regulate RvTs or reduce joint inflammation. We also found that atorvastatin and pravastatin each reduced systemic leukocyte activation, including platelet-monocyte aggregates (∼25-60%). These statins decreased neutrophil trafficking to the joint as well as joint monocyte and macrophage numbers. Atorvastatin and pravastatin produced significant reductions (∼30-50%) in expression of CD11b and major histocompatibility complex class II on both monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages in joints. Administration of an inhibitor to cyclooxygenase-2, the initiating enzyme in the RvT pathway, reversed the protective actions of these statins on both joint and systemic inflammation. Together, these findings provide evidence for the role of RvTs in mediating the protective actions of atorvastatin and pravastatin in reducing local and vascular inflammation, and suggest that RvTs may be useful in measuring the anti-inflammatory actions of statins.-Walker, M. E., Souza, P. R., Colas, R. A., Dalli, J. 13-Series resolvins mediate the leukocyte-platelet actions of atorvastatin and pravastatin in inflammatory arthritis.

Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapéutico , Artritis/tratamiento farmacológico , Atorvastatina/uso terapéutico , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Pravastatina/uso terapéutico , Animales , Artritis/inducido químicamente , Artritis/metabolismo , Inflamación/inducido químicamente , Inflamación/metabolismo , Leucocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Leucocitos/fisiología , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
J Ethnopharmacol ; 204: 179-188, 2017 May 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412216


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Casearia sylvestris Sw. is widely used in popular medicine to treat conditions associated with pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study investigated the influence of hydroalcoholic crude extract of Casearia sylvestris (HCE-CS) and contribution of pro-resolving mediators on mechanical hyperalgesia in a mouse model of chronic post-ischemia pain (CPIP). METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Swiss mice were subjected to ischemia of the right hind paw (3h), then reperfusion was allowed. At 10min, 24h or 48h post-ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), different groups of animals were treated with HCE-CS (30mg/Kg, orally [p.o]), selected agonists at the pro-resolving receptor ALX/FPR2 (natural molecules like resolvin D1 and lipoxin A4 or the synthetic compound BML-111; 0.1-1µg/animal) or vehicle (saline, 10mL/Kg, s.c.), in the absence or presence of the antagonist WRW4 (10µg, s.c.). Mechanical hyperalgesia (paw withdrawal to von Frey filament) was asseseed together with histological and immunostainning analyses. In these settings, pro-resolving mediators reduced mechanical hyperalgesia and HCE-CS or BML-111 displayed anti-hyperalgesic effects which was markedly attenuated in animals treated with WRW4. ALX/FPR2 expression was raised in skeletal muscle or neutrophils after treatment with HCE-CS or BML-111. CONCLUSION: These results reveal significant antihyperalgesic effect of HCE-CS on CPIP, mediated at least in part, by the pathway of resolution of inflammation centred on the axis modulated by ALX/FPR2.

Analgésicos/uso terapéutico , Casearia , Dolor Crónico/tratamiento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/tratamiento farmacológico , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Daño por Reperfusión/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/metabolismo , Analgésicos/farmacología , Animales , Anexina A1/genética , Dolor Crónico/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Ratones Noqueados , Músculo Esquelético/efectos de los fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/efectos de los fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Hojas de la Planta , Receptores de Formil Péptido/metabolismo , Daño por Reperfusión/metabolismo
Eur J Pharmacol ; 785: 165-173, 2016 Aug 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26165764


Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are essential for health and are known to possess anti-inflammatory properties, improving cardiovascular health as well as benefiting inflammatory diseases. Indeed, dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids has proved efficacious in reducing joint pain, morning stiffness and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs usage in rheumatoid arthritis patients. However, the mechanisms by which omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids exert their beneficial effects have not been fully explored. Seminal discoveries by Serhan and colleagues have unveiled a novel class of bioactive lipid mediators that are enzymatically biosynthesized in vivo from omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), termed resolvins, protectins and maresins. These bioactive pro-resolving lipid mediators provide further rationale for the beneficial effects of fish-oil enriched diets. These endogenous lipid mediators are spatiotemporally biosynthesized to actively regulate resolution by acting on specific G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to initiate anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving signals that terminate inflammation. In this review, we will discuss the mechanism of actions of these molecules, including their analgesic and bone-sparing properties making them ideal therapeutic agonists for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/farmacología , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/metabolismo , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/farmacología , Animales , Artritis Reumatoide/metabolismo , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/uso terapéutico , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento