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1.
Cancer ; 119(9): 1690-8, 2013 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23355182

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy may lead to side effects that undermine patients' quality of life (QOL). Although mind-body practices like qigong appear to improve QOL in cancer survivors, little is known about their benefits for patients who are receiving radiotherapy. Thus, in the current randomized controlled trial, the authors examined the efficacy of a qigong intervention on QOL in women with breast cancer during and after treatment. METHODS: Ninety-six women with breast cancer were recruited from a cancer center in Shanghai, China, and were randomized to a qigong group (N = 49) or a waitlist control group (N = 47). Women in the qigong group attended 5 weekly classes over 5 or 6 weeks of radiotherapy. QOL outcomes (ie, depressive symptoms, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and overall QOL) and cortisol slopes were assessed at baseline, during treatment, at the end of treatment, 1 month later, and 3 months later. RESULTS: The mean age of the women was 46 years (range, 25-64 years). Seven percent of women had stage 0 disease, 25% had stage I disease, 40% had stage II disease, and 28% had stage III disease. Fifty-four percent of women underwent mastectomy. Multilevel analyses revealed that women in the qigong group reported less depressive symptoms over time than women in the control group (P = .05). Women who had elevated depressive symptoms at the start of radiotherapy reported less fatigue (P < .01) and better overall QOL (P < .05) in the qigong group compared with the control group, and these findings were clinically significant. No significant differences were observed for sleep disturbance or cortisol slopes. CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicated that qigong may have therapeutic effects in the management of QOL among women who are receiving radiotherapy for breast cancer. Benefits were particularly evident for patients who had preintervention elevated levels of depressive symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/fisiopatología , Neoplasias de la Mama/radioterapia , Ejercicios Respiratorios , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Fatiga/fisiopatología , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangre , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cooperación del Paciente , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/fisiopatología , Listas de Espera
2.
J Soc Integr Oncol ; 8(2): 43-55, 2010.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20388445

RESUMEN

This study examined the effects of yoga on quality of life (QOL) and psychosocial outcomes in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Sixty-one women were randomly assigned to either a yoga or a wait-list group. Yoga classes were taught biweekly during the 6 weeks of radiotherapy. Participants completed measures of QOL, fatigue, benefit finding (finding meaning in the cancer experience), intrusive thoughts, sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and anxiety before radiotherapy and then again 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the end of radiotherapy. General linear model analyses revealed that compared to the control group, the yoga group reported significantly better general health perception (p = .005) and physical functioning scores (p = .04) 1 week postradiotherapy; higher levels of intrusive thoughts 1 month postradiotherapy (p = .01); and greater benefit finding 3 months postradiotherapy (p = .01). There were no other group differences in other QOL subscales for fatigue, depression, or sleep scores. Exploratory analyses indicated that intrusive thoughts 1 month after radiotherapy were significantly positively correlated with benefit finding 3 months after radiotherapy (r = .36, p = .011). Our results indicated that the yoga program was associated with statistically and clinically significant improvements in aspects of QOL.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Yoga , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Depresión , Fatiga , Femenino , Humanos
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 16(1): 104-11, 2010 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20039456

RESUMEN

AIM: To examine whether acupuncture can prevent prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) after intraperitoneal surgery for colon cancer. METHODS: Ninety patients were recruited from the Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai, China. After surgery, patients were randomized to receive acupuncture (once daily, starting on postoperative day 1, for up to six consecutive days) or usual care. PPOI was defined as an inability to pass flatus or have a bowel movement by 96 h after surgery. The main outcomes were time to first flatus, time to first bowel movement, and electrogastroenterography. Secondary outcomes were quality of life (QOL) measures, including pain, nausea, insomnia, abdominal distension/fullness, and sense of well-being. RESULTS: No significant differences in PPOI on day 4 (P = 0.71) or QOL measures were found between the groups. There were also no group differences when the data were analyzed by examining those whose PPOI had resolved by day 5 (P = 0.69) or day 6 (P = 0.88). No adverse events related to acupuncture were reported. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture did not prevent PPOI and was not useful for treating PPOI once it had developed in this population.


Asunto(s)
Colectomía/efectos adversos , Neoplasias del Colon/cirugía , Electroacupuntura , Ileus/prevención & control , Adulto , Anciano , Defecación , Femenino , Motilidad Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Ileus/etiología , Ileus/fisiopatología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Dolor Postoperatorio/etiología , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Náusea y Vómito Posoperatorios/etiología , Náusea y Vómito Posoperatorios/prevención & control , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Recuperación de la Función , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/prevención & control , Factores de Tiempo , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento
4.
Cancer ; 115(22): 5309-18, 2009 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19701908

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Huachansu, a Chinese medicine that comes from dried toad venom from the skin glands of Bufo gargarizans or B. melanostictus, has been used in the treatment of various cancers in China. The authors conducted a pilot study, using a phase 1 trial design, of huachansu in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: Huachansu was administered intravenously for 14 days followed by 7 days off (1 cycle). Without significant adverse events or progressive disease, treatment continued beyond 2 cycles. The dose of huachansu was escalated as follows with 3 patients per cohort: 10 (level 1), 20 (level 2), 40 (level 3), 60 (level 4), and 90 (level 5) mL/m(2). RESULTS: Fifteen patients (hepatocellular cancer, n = 11; nonsmall cell lung cancer, n = 2; pancreatic cancer, n = 2) were enrolled in the trial, and no dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were found. Eleven patients had no drug-related toxicity greater than grade 1. Six (40%) had stable disease (median duration, 6.0 months; range, 3.5-11.1 months). One of these patients (with hepatocellular cancer) had 20% regression (duration, 11 months) (dose level 1). Quality of life improved for patients with stable disease. Plasma bufalin concentration reached maximal levels at the end of the 2-hour infusion and was proportional to the amount of drug being administered (0.81-3.38 ng/mL). CONCLUSIONS: No DLT was observed with the use of huachansu at doses up to 8x higher than typically used in China. Six patients had prolonged stable disease or minor tumor shrinkage.


Asunto(s)
Venenos de Anfibios/uso terapéutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Anciano , Venenos de Anfibios/administración & dosificación , Venenos de Anfibios/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional China , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto
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