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Medicinas Complementárias
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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 45(3): 341-51, 1996 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8949573


OBJECTIVE: Protein hypercatabolism and preservation of fat depots are hallmarks of critical illness, which is associated with blunted pulsatile GH secretion and low circulating IGF-I, TSH, T4 and T3. Repetitive TRH administration is known to reactivate the pituitary-thyroid axis and to evoke paradoxical GH release in critical illness. We further explored the hypothalamic-pituitary function in critical illness by examining the effects of GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) and/or GH-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) and TRH administration. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: Critically ill adults (n = 40; mean age 55 years) received two i.v. boluses with a 6-hour interval (0900 and 1500 h) within a cross-over design. Patients were randomized to receive consecutively placebo and GHRP-2 (n = 10), GHRH and GHRP-2 (n = 10), GHRP-2 and GHRH+GHRP-2 (n = 10), GHRH+GHRP-2 and GHRH+GHRP-2 + TRH (n = 10). The GHRH and GHRP-2 doses were 1 microgram/kg and the TRH dose was 200 micrograms. Blood samples were obtained before and 20, 40, 60 and 120 minutes after each injection. MEASUREMENTS: Serum concentrations of GH, T4, T3, rT3, thyroid hormone binding globulin (TBG), IGF-I, insulin and cortisol were measured by RIA; PRL and TSH concentrations were determined by IRMA. RESULTS: Critically ill patients presented a striking GH response to GHRP-2 (mean +/- SEM peak GH 51 +/- 9 micrograms/l in older patients and 102 +/- 26 micrograms/l in younger patients; P = 0.005 vs placebo). The mean GH response to GHRP-2 was more than fourfold higher than to GHRH (P = 0.007). In turn, the mean GH response to GHRH+GHRP-2 was 2.5-fold higher than to GHRP-2 alone (P = 0.01), indicating synergism. Adding TRH to the GHRH+GHRP-2 combination slightly blunted this mean response by 18% (P = 0.01). GHRP-2 had no effect on serum TSH concentrations whereas both GHRH and GHRH+GHRP-2 evoked an increase in peak TSH levels of 53 and 32% respectively. The addition of TRH further increased this TSH response > ninefold (P = 0.005), elicited a 60% rise in serum T3 (P = 0.01) and an 18% increase in T4 (P = 0.005) levels, without altering rT3 or TBG levels. GHRH and/or GHRP-2 induced a small increase in serum PRL levels. The addition of TRH magnified the PRL response 2.4-fold (P = 0.007). GHRP-2 increased basal serum cortisol levels (531 +/- 29 nmol/l) by 35% (P = 0.02); GHRH provoked no additional response, but adding TRH further increased the cortisol response by 20% (P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The specific character of hypothalamic-pituitary function in critical illness is herewith extended to the responsiveness to GHRH and/or GHRP-2 and TRH. The observation of striking bursts of GH secretion elicited by GHRP-2 and particularly by GHRH+GHRP-2 in patients with low spontaneous GH peaks opens the possibility of therapeutic perspectives for GH secretagogues in critical care medicine.

Enfermedad Crítica , Hormona Liberadora de Hormona del Crecimiento/uso terapéutico , Oligopéptidos/uso terapéutico , Hipófisis/efectos de los fármacos , Hormona Liberadora de Tirotropina/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Femenino , Hormona del Crecimiento/sangre , Hormona del Crecimiento/metabolismo , Hormonas/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangre , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/efectos de los fármacos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Hipófisis/metabolismo , Prolactina/sangre , Prolactina/metabolismo , Estimulación Química , Hormonas Tiroideas/sangre , Hormonas Tiroideas/metabolismo , Tirotropina/sangre , Tirotropina/metabolismo