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1.
EClinicalMedicine ; 68: 102364, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586479

RESUMEN

Background: RBT-1 is a combination drug of stannic protoporfin (SnPP) and iron sucrose (FeS) that elicits a preconditioning response through activation of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and iron-scavenging pathways, as measured by heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and ferritin, respectively. Our primary aim was to determine whether RBT-1 administered before surgery would safely and effectively elicit a preconditioning response in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: This phase 2, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, adaptive trial, conducted in 19 centres across the USA, Canada, and Australia, enrolled patients scheduled to undergo non-emergent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or heart valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were randomised (1:1:1) to receive either a single intravenous infusion of high-dose RBT-1 (90 mg SnPP/240 mg FeS), low-dose RBT-1 (45 mg SnPP/240 mg FeS), or placebo within 24-48 h before surgery. The primary outcome was a preoperative preconditioning response, measured by a composite of plasma HO-1, IL-10, and ferritin. Safety was assessed by adverse events and laboratory parameters. Prespecified adaptive criteria permitted early stopping and enrichment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04564833. Findings: Between Aug 4, 2021, and Nov 9, 2022, of 135 patients who were enrolled and randomly allocated to a study group (46 high-dose, 45 low-dose, 44 placebo), 132 (98%) were included in the primary analysis (46 high-dose, 42 low-dose, 44 placebo). At interim, the trial proceeded to full enrollment without enrichment. RBT-1 led to a greater preconditioning response than did placebo at high-dose (geometric least squares mean [GLSM] ratio, 3.58; 95% CI, 2.91-4.41; p < 0.0001) and low-dose (GLSM ratio, 2.62; 95% CI, 2.11-3.24; p < 0.0001). RBT-1 was generally well tolerated by patients. The primary drug-related adverse event was dose-dependent photosensitivity, observed in 12 (26%) of 46 patients treated with high-dose RBT-1 and in six (13%) of 45 patients treated with low-dose RBT-1 (safety population). Interpretation: RBT-1 demonstrated a statistically significant cytoprotective preconditioning response and a manageable safety profile. Further research is needed. A phase 3 trial is planned. Funding: Renibus Therapeutics, Inc.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602484

RESUMEN

Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) has the ability of selenium (Se) enrichment. Identification of selenides in Se-rich rapeseed products will promote the development and utilization of high value. By optimizing the Se species extraction process (protease type, extraction reagent, enzyme sample ratio, extraction time, etc.) and chromatographic column, an efficient, stable, and accurate method was established for the identification of Se species and content in rapeseed seedlings and flowering stalks, which were cultured by inorganic Se hydroponics. Five Se compounds, including selenocystine (SeCys2), methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), selenomethionine (SeMet), selenite (SeIV), and selenate (SeVI) were qualitatively and quantitatively identified. Organoselenium was absolutely dominant in both seedlings and flowering stalks among the detected rapeseed varieties, with 64.18-90.20% and 94.38-98.47%, respectively. Further, MeSeCys, a highly active selenide, predominated in rapeseed flowering stalks with a proportion of 56.36-72.93% and a content of 1707.3-5030.3 µg/kg. This study provides a new source of MeSeCys supplementation for human Se fortification.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26979, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463787

RESUMEN

Semen Ziziphi Spinosae oil (SZSO) is a natural vegetable oil extracted from Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, a traditional Chinese medicine renowned for its sleep-promoting properties, while the mechanisms are still unclear. Our findings revealed that the terpenoids present in SZSO (T-SZSO) were identified as the active components responsible for promoting sleep. Network pharmacological analysis suggested that T-SZSO targeted different sleep-aid pathways to varying degrees and exhibited potential for preventing central nervous system diseases. Notably, lupeol and betulinicaldehyde exhibited more pronounced effects. Additionally, T-SZSO significantly elevated serotonin levels, enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesis, promoted GABA A receptor expression, and decreased glutamate and norepinephrine expression levels. Moreover, T-SZSO was found to downregulate IL-1ß expression while upregulating superoxide dismutase and inducible nitric oxide synthase levels. In conclusion, this study presents the first investigation into the pharmacological basis of SZSO in promoting sleep and highlights the potential of nature food in improving suboptimal health conditions.

4.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1304463, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523606

RESUMEN

Background: Sleep disorders contribute to an increased risk of depression, cardiovascular issues, and various other diseases among older individuals. Consequently, enhancing the sleep quality of this demographic population has become a pressing concern. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of an 8-week Tai Chi exercise intervention in the sleep quality of older adults. Methods: Sixty individuals aged 60 years and above, recruited from the community around Southwest University in Beibei District, Chongqing City, were randomly assigned to either a control group (30 participants) or an intervention group (30 participants). The control group adhered to their normal daily routines during the 8-week experimental period, while the intervention group engaged in a 60-min Tai Chi practice three times a week for 8 weeks. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Additionally, the Polysomnographic Sleep Quality Monitoring System (PSG) was employed to monitor the sleep process before and after the Tai Chi intervention. Results: After the experiment, significant differences were observed in PSQI and IEI scores between the intervention and control groups (p < 0.05). In the experimental group, the pre-post comparisons revealed a significant increase in time spent in bed (p < 0.05), total sleep time (p < 0.05), and non-REM sleep stage 2 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The findings indicate that Tai Chi exercise may improve subjective reported sleep quality. In addition, Tai Chi exercise may alleviate general drowsiness, extend sleep duration, and optimize the sleep process and structure. Consequently, Tai Chi exercise may be a suitable exercise to improve sleep quality in older individuals.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118048, 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484955

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sleep problems, according to Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) philosophy, are attributed to the imbalance between yin and yang. Zhumian Granules, also known as Sleep-aid Granules or ZG, are a traditional Chinese herbal remedy specifically designed to alleviate insomnia. This formula consists of many components, including Wu Wei Zi (Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus), Suan Zao Ren (Ziziphi Spinosae Semen), and other medicinal plants. According to the pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Wu Wei Zi and Suan Zao Ren have the ability to relax the mind and promote sleep. When taken together, they may balance the opposing forces of yin and yang. Therefore, ZG may potentially be used as a therapeutic treatment for insomnia. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research was specifically developed to establish a strong empirical basis for the subsequent advancement and utilization of ZG in the management of insomnia. This research aimed to gather empirical data to support the effectiveness of ZG, thereby providing useful insights into its potential therapeutic advantages for persons with insomnia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilized Zhumian Granules (ZG), a traditional Chinese herbal decoction, to examine its sedative and hypnotic effects on mice with PCPA-induced insomnia. The effects were assessed using the pentobarbital-induced sleep test (PIST), Morris water maze test (MWM), and autonomic activity test. The levels of neurotransmitters in each group of mice were evaluated using UPLC-QQQ-MS. The impact of ZG on the quantity and structure of hippocampal neurons was seen in brain tissue slices using immunofluorescence labeling. RESULTS: ZG was shown to possess active sedative properties, effectively lowering the distance of movement and lengthening the duration of sleep. ZG mitigated the sleeplessness effects of PCPA by elevating the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), while reducing the levels of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE), as well as decreasing neuronal death. CONCLUSIONS: This research confirmed the sedative and hypnotic properties of ZG and elucidated its probable mechanism involving neurotransmitters.


Asunto(s)
Schisandra , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Ratones , Animales , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/inducido químicamente , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional China , Hipnóticos y Sedantes/farmacología , Ácido gamma-Aminobutírico , Serotonina , Neurotransmisores , Apoptosis
6.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(4): 2302-2311, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507248

RESUMEN

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs photosensitizers to convert nearby oxygen into toxic singlet oxygen (1O2) upon laser light irradiation, showing great potential as a noninvasive approach for tumor ablation. However, the therapeutic efficacy of PDT is essentially impeded by π-π stacking and the aggregation of photosensitizers. Herein, we propose a tumor microenvironment-triggered self-adaptive nanoplatform to weaken the aggregation of photosensitizers by selenium-based oxidation at the tumor site. The selenide units in a selenium-based porphyrin-containing amphiphilic copolymer (PSe) could be oxidized into hydrophilic selenoxide units, leading to the nanoplatform self-expansion and stretching of the distance between intramolecular porphyrin units. This process could provide a better switch to greatly reduce the aggregation of photosensitive porphyrin units, generating more 1O2 upon laser irradiation. As verified in a series of in vitro and in vivo studies, PSe could be efficiently self-adapted at tumor sites, thus significantly enhancing the PDT therapeutic effect against solid tumors and minimizing side effects.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Selenio , Humanos , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/farmacología , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/uso terapéutico , Microambiente Tumoral , Selenio/uso terapéutico , Nanopartículas/uso terapéutico , Oxígeno , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patología , Polímeros/uso terapéutico , Porfirinas/farmacología , Línea Celular Tumoral
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(11): 16554-16570, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319420

RESUMEN

The directed construction of productive adsorbents is essential to avoid damaging human health from the harmful radioactive and toxic U(VI)-containing wastewater. Herein, a sort of Zr-based metal organic framework (MOF) called PCN-222 was synthesized and oxime functionalized based on directed molecular structure design to synthesize an efficient adsorbent with antimicrobial activity, named PCN-222-OM, for recovering U(VI) from wastewater. PCN-222-OM unfolded splendid adsorption capacity (403.4 mg·g-1) at pH = 6.0 because of abundant holey structure and mighty chelation for oxime groups with U(VI) ions. PCN-222-OM also exhibited outstanding selectivity and reusability during the adsorption. The XPS spectra authenticated the -NH and oxime groups which revealed a momentous function. Concurrently, PCN-222-OM also possessed good antimicrobial activity, antibiofouling activity, and environmental safety; adequately decreased detrimental repercussions about bacteria and Halamphora on adsorption capacity; and met non-toxic and non-hazardous requirements for the application. The splendid antimicrobial activity and antibiofouling activity perhaps arose from the Zr6(µ3-O)4(µ3-OH)4(H2O)4(OH)4 clusters and rich functional groups within PCN-222-OM. Originally proposed PCN-222-OM was one potentially propitious material to recover U(VI) in wastewater on account of outstanding adsorption capacity, antimicrobial activity, antibiofouling activity, and environmental safety, meanwhile providing a newfangled conception on the construction of peculiar efficient adsorbent.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Uranio , Humanos , Aguas Residuales , Uranio/análisis , Oximas , Estructura Molecular , Adsorción , Cinética
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117369, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380571

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shicao is the aerial part of Achillea alpina L., a common herb found mainly in Europe, Asia, and North America. Traditional Chinese medicine has a history of thousands of years and is widely used to treat various diseases. AIM OF STUDY: To explore the hepatoprotective effects of Shicao on CCl4-induced acute liver injury. METHODS: A rat model of acute liver injury was established and liver function indices were assessed to evaluate the protective effect of Shicao on the liver. Untargeted metabolomics of the serum and liver tissues was conducted using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS to identify differential metabolites related to acute liver injury. A network of metabolite-reaction-enzyme-gene constituents was constructed using network pharmacology. Hub targets and key components of the effect of Shicao on acute liver injury were screened from the network. RESULTS: Compared to the model group, Shicao improved the degree of liver damage through the assessment of the liver index, ALT and AST levels, and hepatic pathology slices, demonstrating its hepatoprotective effect against acute liver injury in rats. 10 and 38 differential metabolites involved in acute liver injury were identified in serum and liver tissues, respectively. Most of these were regulated or restored following treatment with Shicao, which mainly consisted of bile acids, lipids, and nucleotides such as taurocholic acid, LysoPC (17:0), and adenosine diphosphate ribose. Through the network of metabolite-reaction-enzyme-gene-constituents, 10 key components and 5 hub genes, along with 7 crucial differential metabolites, were mainly involved in glycerophospholipid metabolism, purine metabolism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, and primary bile acid biosynthesis, which may play important roles in the prevention of acute liver injury by Shicao. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that Shicao had protective effects against CCl4-induced liver injury in rats. It was speculated that the ingredients of Shicao might be closely related to the hub targets, thereby regulating the levels of key metabolites, affecting inflammatory response and oxidative stress and attenuate the liver injury consequently. This study provides a basis for further investigation of its therapeutic potential and the mechanism of action.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratas , Animales , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Farmacología en Red , Hígado , Metabolómica
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339154

RESUMEN

Increasingly globally prevalent obesity and related metabolic disorders have underscored the demand for safe and natural therapeutic approaches, given the limitations of weight loss drugs and surgeries. This study compared the phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of five different varieties of citrus physiological premature fruit drop (CPFD). Untargeted metabolomics was employed to identify variations in metabolites among different CPFDs, and their antilipidemic effects in vitro were assessed. The results showed that Citrus aurantium L. 'Daidai' physiological premature fruit drop (DDPD) and Citrus aurantium 'Changshan-huyou' physiological premature fruit drop (HYPD) exhibited higher levels of phytochemicals and stronger antioxidant activity. There were 97 differential metabolites identified in DDPD and HYPD, including phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, organic acids, terpenes, and lipids. Additionally, DDPD and HYPD demonstrated potential antilipidemic effects against oleic acid (OA)-induced steatosis in HepG2 hepatocytes and 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In conclusion, our findings reveal the outstanding antioxidant activity and antilipidemic effects of CPFD, indicating its potential use as a natural antioxidant and health supplement and promoting the high-value utilization of this resource.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Citrus , Fenilendiaminas , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Citrus/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Flavonoides/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química
10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1336821, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357445

RESUMEN

Drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus stands as a prominent pathogen in nosocomial and community-acquired infections, capable of inciting various infections at different sites in patients. This includes Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SaB), which exhibits a severe infection frequently associated with significant mortality rate of approximately 25%. In the absence of better alternative therapies, antibiotics is still the main approach for treating infections. However, excessive use of antibiotics has, in turn, led to an increase in antimicrobial resistance. Hence, it is imperative that new strategies are developed to control drug-resistant S. aureus infections. Bacteriophages are viruses with the ability to infect bacteria. Bacteriophages, were used to treat bacterial infections before the advent of antibiotics, but were subsequently replaced by antibiotics due to limited theoretical understanding and inefficient preparation processes at the time. Recently, phages have attracted the attention of many researchers again because of the serious problem of antibiotic resistance. This article provides a comprehensive overview of phage biology, animal models, diverse clinical case treatments, and clinical trials in the context of drug-resistant S. aureus phage therapy. It also assesses the strengths and limitations of phage therapy and outlines the future prospects and research directions. This review is expected to offer valuable insights for researchers engaged in phage-based treatments for drug-resistant S. aureus infections.


Asunto(s)
Bacteriófagos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina , Terapia de Fagos , Infecciones Estafilocócicas , Animales , Humanos , Infecciones Estafilocócicas/microbiología , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Fagos de Staphylococcus
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 197-207, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403352

RESUMEN

This study aims to reveal the mechanism of prenatal stress in affecting the testicular development of offspring rats and the intervention effects of Zuogui Pills via connexin 43(Cx43). Forty pregnant SD rats were randomized into a blank control group, a mo-del group, a high-dose(18.9 g·kg~(-1)) Zuogui Pills group, a low-dose(9.45 g·kg~(-1)) Zuogui Pills group, and a vitamin E(1.44 mg·kg~(-1)) group. The other groups except the blank control group was subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress for the modeling of prenatal stress. The model was evaluated by sucrose preference test, open field test, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) of the glucocorticoid level. ELISA was employed to measure the thyroxine 4(T4), testosterone(T), and follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) levels to assess kidney deficiency. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was employed to evaluate the status of testicular germ cells. An automatic sperm analyzer was used to measure the sperm quality. Immunofluorescence double staining was employed to detect the expression of Cx43 and follicle-stimulating hormone receptor(FSHR) in the testes of offspring rats. The mRNA and protein levels of Cx43, FSHR, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K), and protein kinase B(Akt) were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Prenatal stress induced testicular development disorders in offspring rats. The HE staining results showed that on the day of birth, the model group had reduced seminiferous tubules in the testes, elevated FSH level in the serum, and lowered Cx43 level in the testicular tissue. Male offspring rats of 60 days old had reduced testicular spermatogenic function, decreased sperm quality, elevated FSH level and lowered T level in the serum, and down-regulated protein and mRNA levels of Cx43, FSHR, PI3K, and Akt in the testicular tissue. Zuogui Pills alleviated the abnormal development and dysfunction of testicles in the offspring rats caused by prenatal stress. In summary, Zuogui Pills may weaken the effects of prenatal stress on testicular development and spermatogenic function of offspring rats by activating the PI3K/Akt pathway to regulate Cx43 expression in the testicular tissue.


Asunto(s)
Conexina 43 , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Conexina 43/genética , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Conexina 43/farmacología , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Semen/metabolismo , Testículo , Hormona Folículo Estimulante/metabolismo , Hormona Folículo Estimulante/farmacología , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
12.
J Asthma Allergy ; 17: 97-112, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38405022

RESUMEN

Allergy rhinitis (AR) is becoming more common and has serious medical and societal consequences. Sneezing, paroxysmal nasal blockage, nasal itching, mucosal edema, coughing, and rhinorrhea are symptoms of this type I allergic immunological illness. Immunoglobulin E-mediated inflammation is the cause of it. Because AR is prone to recurrent attacks, extended medication therapy may impair its effectiveness. In addition to negatively affecting the patients' physical health, this can also negatively impact their mental health. During AR development, there are inflammatory and oxidative stress responses that are linked to problems in a number of signal transduction pathways. By using the terms "allergic rhinitis", "traditional Chinese medicine", "inflammation", and "oxidative stress", we screened for pertinent research published over the previous five years in databases like PubMed. We saw that NF-KB, TLR, IL-33/ST2, PI3K/AKT, MAPK, and Nrf2 are some of the most important inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways in AR. Studies have revealed that antioxidant and anti-inflammatory therapy reduced the risk of AR and was therapeutic; however, the impact of the therapy varies widely. The Chinese medical system places a high value on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has been there for virtually all of China's 5000-year history. By influencing signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress, Chinese herbal medicine and its constituent compounds have been shown to prevent allergic rhinitis. This review will focus on this evidence and provide references for clinical treatment and scientific research applications.

13.
Redox Rep ; 29(1): 2305036, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Angelica keiskei is a medicinal and edible plant that has been reported to possess potent antioxidant properties in several in vitro models, but its effectiveness on naturally aging organisms is still lacking. This study explores the antioxidant and health-promoting effects of Angelica keiskei in naturally aging mice. METHODS: We treated 48-week-old mice with Angelica keiskei water extract (AKWE) 30 days, and measured indicators related to aging and antioxidants. In addition, we conducted network pharmacology analysis, component-target molecular docking, real-time PCR, and MTS assays to investigate relevant factors. RESULTS: The results indicated that administration of AKWE to mice led to decrease blood glucose levels, improve muscle fiber structure, muscle strength, gait stability, and increase levels of glutathione and superoxide dismutase in serum. Additionally, it decreased pigmentation of the heart tissues. Angelica keiskei combats oxidative stress by regulating multiple redox signaling pathways, and its ingredients Coumarin and Flavonoids have the potential to bind to SIRT3 and SIRT5. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated the potential of Angelica keiskei as a safe and effective dietary supplement to combat aging and revealed the broad prospects of medicinal and edible plants for addressing aging and age-related chronic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Angelica , Antioxidantes , Ratones , Animales , Angelica/química , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Suplementos Dietéticos , Estrés Oxidativo , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Extractos Vegetales/química
14.
Phytother Res ; 38(3): 1345-1357, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198804

RESUMEN

Cardiorenal syndrome type 4 (CRS4), a progressive deterioration of cardiac function secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD), is a leading cause of death in patients with CKD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect of emodin on CRS4. C57BL/6 mice with 5/6 nephrectomy and HL-1 cells stimulated with 5% CKD mouse serum were used for in vivo and in vitro experiments. To assess the cardioprotective potential of emodin, we employed a comprehensive array of methodologies, including echocardiography, tissue staining, immunofluorescence staining, biochemical detection, flow cytometry, real-time quantitative PCR, and western blot analysis. Our results showed that emodin exerted protective effects on the function and structure of the residual kidney. Emodin also reduced pathologic changes in the cardiac morphology and function of these mice. These effects may have been related to emodin-mediated suppression of reactive oxygen species production, reduction of mitochondrial oxidative damage, and increase of oxidative metabolism via restoration of PGC1α expression and that of its target genes. In contrast, inhibition of PGC1α expression significantly reversed emodin-mediated cardioprotection in vivo. In conclusion, emodin protects the heart from 5/6 nephrectomy-induced mitochondrial damage via activation of the PGC1α signaling. The findings obtained in our study can be used to develop effective therapeutic strategies for patients with CRS4.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Cardiorrenal , Emodina , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Emodina/farmacología , Coactivador 1-alfa del Receptor Activado por Proliferadores de Peroxisomas gamma/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
15.
Environ Res ; 246: 118036, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38163543

RESUMEN

Ofloxacin (OFL) is a typical fluoroquinolone antibiotic widely detected in rural domestic sewage, however, its effects on the performance of aerobic biofilm systems during sewage treatment process remain poorly understood. We carried out an aerobic biofilm experiment to explore how the OFL with different concentrations affects the pollutant removal efficiency of rural domestic sewage. Results demonstrated that the OFL negatively affected pollutant removal in aerobic biofilm systems. High OFL levels resulted in a decrease in removal efficiency: 9.33% for chemical oxygen demand (COD), 18.57% for ammonium (NH4+-N), and 8.49% for total phosphorus (TP) after 35 days. The findings related to the chemical and biological properties of the biofilm revealed that the OFL exposure triggered oxidative stress and SOS responses, decreased the live cell number and extracellular polymeric substance content of biofilm, and altered bacterial community composition. More specifically, the relative abundance of key genera linked to COD (e.g., Rhodobacter), NH4+-N (e.g., Nitrosomonas), and TP (e.g., Dechlorimonas) removal was decreased. Such the OFL-induced decrease of these genera might result in the down-regulation of carbon degradation (amyA), ammonia oxidation (hao), and phosphorus adsorption (ppx) functional genes. The conventional pollutants (COD, NH4+-N, and TP) removal was directly affected by biofilm resistance, functional genes, and bacterial community under OFL exposure, and the bacterial community played a more dominant role based on partial least-squares path model analysis. These findings will provide valuable insights into understanding how antibiotics impact the performance of aerobic biofilm systems during rural domestic sewage treatment.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Ambientales , Ofloxacino , Ofloxacino/farmacología , Aguas del Alcantarillado/microbiología , Matriz Extracelular de Sustancias Poliméricas , Bacterias/genética , Biopelículas , Fósforo , Nitrógeno , Reactores Biológicos/microbiología , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 323: 117653, 2024 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38163561

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ruyi Zhenbao Pill (RYZBP) is a traditional Tibetan medicine that has been used for over 300 years in China to treat neurological diseases, specifically neuropathic pain (NP). However, its characteristics and mechanism of action in treating NP remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: Based on animal experiments and transcriptomics to evaluate the characteristics and mechanism of RYZBP in treating NP. METHODS: Mice were divided into six groups using random assignment: sham-operation group, spinal nerve ligation (SNL) group, RYZBP low (0.65 g kg-1), medium (1.30 g kg-1), high (2.60 g kg-1) doses groups, and positive drug pregabalin (PGB, 0.05 g kg-1) group. Mice received intragastrical administered for 14 consecutive days. SNL and intrathecal injection models were employed. The analgesic effects were assessed using the Von Frey test, Acetone test, and Hot Plate test. L5 spinal dorsal horns were collected for transcriptomics on day 15. The potential signaling pathways and Hub genes of RYZBP to ameliorate NP were obtained through transcriptomics and network pharmacology. Molecular docking was utilized to evaluate the binding ability of candidate active ingredients with the Hub genes. Finally, western blot (WB) and immunofluorescence (IF) were used to validate the predicted targets. RESULTS: RYZBP demonstrated a dose-dependent alleviation of mechanical allodynia, cold and heat stimulus-induced pain in SNL mice. Transcriptomics analysis identified 24 differentially expressed genes, and pathway enrichment analysis revealed that the CXCL10-CXCR3 signal axis may be the primary biological pathway through which RYZBP relieve NP. Molecular docking test indicated that the active ingredient in RYZBP exhibit a strong affinity for the target protein CXCL10. WB and IF tests showed that RYZBP can significantly inhibit CXCL10 and CXCR3 and its downstream molecules expression in the spinal dorsal horn of SNL mice. Additionally, intrathecal injection of rmCXCL10 worsened pain hypersensitivity, while RYZBP was able to suppress the pain hypersensitivity response induced by rmCXCL10 and reduce the expression levels of CXCL10 and CXCR3 and its downstream molecules. CONCLUSION: RYZBP had a significant analgesic effect on NP model, and this effect may be related to inhibiting the CXCL10-CXCR3 pathway in the spinal dorsal horn.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Neuralgia , Ratas , Ratones , Animales , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Médula Espinal , Nervios Espinales/metabolismo , Neuralgia/tratamiento farmacológico , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/tratamiento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Analgésicos/farmacología , Analgésicos/uso terapéutico , Ligadura
17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(8): e2303017, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38273733

RESUMEN

How to promote wound healing is still a major challenge in the healthcare while macrophages are a critical component of the healing process. Compared to various bioactive drugs, many plants have been reported to facilitate the wound healing process by regulating the immune response of wounds. In this work, a Three-dimensional (3D) printed hydrogel scaffold loaded with natural Centella asiatica extract (CA extract) is developed for wound healing. This CA@3D scaffold uses gelatin (Gel) and sodium alginate (SA) with CA extract as bio-ink for 3D printing. The CA extract contains a variety of bioactive compounds that make the various active ingredients in Centella asiatica work in concert. The printed CA@3D scaffold can fit the shape of wound, orchestrate the macrophages and immune responses within the wound, and promote wound healing compared to commercial wound dressings. The underlying mechanism of promoting wound healing is also illuminated by applying multi-omic analyses. Moreover, the CA extract loaded 3D scaffold also showed great ability to promote wound healing in diabetic chronic wounds. Due to its ease of preparation, low-cost, biosafety, and therapeutic outcomes, this work proposes an effective strategy for promoting chronic wound healing.


Asunto(s)
Hidrogeles , Plantas Medicinales , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Cicatrización de Heridas , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Alginatos/farmacología
18.
Fitoterapia ; 172: 105769, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38065234

RESUMEN

Minor ginsenosides have been proven to have higher pharmacological activity than the major ginsenosides. The transformation of major ginsenosides to minor ginsenosides by lactic acid bacteria was considered to be a promising method. Therefore, this study focuses on utilizing glycosidase-producing Lactiplantibacillus plantarum GLP40 to transform total ginsenosides (TG) and increase the content of minor ginsenosides, as well as investigate the neuroprotective effects of fermented total ginsenosides (FTG). After 21d fermentation, the transformation products were purified using D101 macroporous resin column chromatography, and identified by HPLC and LC-MS analyses. The neuroprotective effect of FTG was evaluated using MPTP-induced neural injury mice model. Lact. plantarum GLP40 fermentation increased the contents of minor ginsenosides in TG, such as Rg3, Rh2, CK, and Rk3. FTG showed stronger alleviation of 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydropyridine Hydrochloride (MPTP) induced memory loss and dyskinesia in mice, and inhibited tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) depletion and ionized calcium binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1) production than TG. Further, FTG significantly increased serum IL-10 levels and inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines compared to TG. Moreover, FTG treatment activated the anti-apoptotic PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and inhibited the expression of the inflammatory NF-κB/COX-2/iNOS pathway. In conclusion, Lact. plantarum GLP40 fermentation enhances the neuroprotective effects of total ginsenosides by increasing minor ginsenosides. FTG protected MPTP induced neural injury in mice by regulating inflammation and cell apoptosis signaling pathways.


Asunto(s)
Ginsenósidos , Fármacos Neuroprotectores , Ratones , Animales , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/farmacología , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Estructura Molecular , Citocinas/metabolismo
19.
Eur Spine J ; 33(2): 496-504, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37934267

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Previous epidemiological and other studies have shown an association between diet and low back pain (LBP). This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between diet and LBP using a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. METHODS: The three main methods in this study were weighted median, MR-Egger, and inverse variance weighting (IVW). We utilized MR-PRESSO to eliminate abnormal SNPs. Additionally, tests for pleiotropy and heterogeneity were conducted. Utilizing IVW and MR-Egger's Cochran's Q test, heterogeneity was evaluated. MR-Egger intercepts were used in pleiotropy tests. A leave-one-out analysis was also used to evaluate the stability of the study's findings. RESULTS: The frequency of alcohol intake was associated with an increased risk of LBP. Increased processed meat intake, dried fruit intake, cereal intake, and tea intake were causally associated with a decreased risk of LBP (alcohol intake frequency: odds ratio (OR) = 1.28; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-1.47; P = 0.0006; processed meat intake: OR = 0.60, 95%CI 0.39-0.92, P = 0.019; dried fruit intake: OR = 0.43, 95%CI 0.29-0.66, P = 0.00008; cereal intake: OR = 0.62, 95%CI 0.42-0.92, P = 0.018; tea intake: OR = 0.75, 95%CI 0.58-0.97, P = 0.029). Heterogeneity and pleiotropy were also not found in the sensitivity analysis. The leave-one-out analysis also showed more robust results. Other dietary intakes were not causally associated with LBP. CONCLUSIONS: This two-sample MR study found that frequency of alcohol intake was associated with an increased risk of LBP, and intake of processed meat, dried fruit, cereals, and tea was associated with a decreased risk of LBP. Moreover, no causal relationship was found with LBP in the other 13 diets.


Asunto(s)
Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Análisis de la Aleatorización Mendeliana , Humanos , Dolor de la Región Lumbar/etiología , Dolor de la Región Lumbar/genética , Dieta/efectos adversos , Nonoxinol ,
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 322: 117645, 2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38147942

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Morus alba L. (mulberry) is a well-known medicinal species that has been used by herbalist doctors for the treatment of diabetes for a long history, and modern ethnopharmacological studies have demonstrated the ameliorating effects of different mulberry extracts toward diabetes-related symptoms and identified a number of α-glucosidase inhibitors as hypoglycemic ingredients. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study aims to explore new potent α-glucosidase inhibitors from the root bark of M. alba (known as Sang-Bai-Pi in traditional medicine) based on an in vivo antidiabetic evaluation of its extract fractions and further characterize the preliminary mechanism of the new active constituents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: α-Glucosidase inhibitory assay and diabetic mice model were used to locate and evaluate the active fractions from the extract. Diverse separation techniques (e.g. Sephadex LH-20 column chromatograph (CC) and HPLC) and spectroscopic methods (e.g. MS, NMR and ECD) were employed to isolate and structurally characterize the obtained constituents, respectively. Fluorescence quenching, kinetics and molecular docking experiments were conducted to investigate the enzyme inhibitory mechanism of the active compounds. RESULTS: The 80% ethanol eluate from the macroporous resin CC exerted good antidiabetic effects in the tested mice. Fifty-two flavonoids including 22 new ones were then separated and identified, and most of them showed strong inhibition against α-glucosidase with their structure-activity relationship being also discussed. The four new most active ingredients were further characterized to be mixed type of α-glucosidase inhibitors, and their binding modes with the enzyme were also explored. CONCLUSIONS: Our current work has demonstrated that the root bark of M. alba is an extremely rich source of flavonoids as potent α-glucosidase inhibitors and potential antidiabetic agents, which makes it a promising candidate species to develop new natural remedies for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Morus , Ratones , Animales , Inhibidores de Glicósido Hidrolasas/farmacología , Inhibidores de Glicósido Hidrolasas/química , alfa-Glucosidasas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Morus/química , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Hipoglucemiantes/uso terapéutico , Hipoglucemiantes/química , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Flavonoides/farmacología , Flavonoides/uso terapéutico , Flavonoides/química
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