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Medicinas Complementárias
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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 932-941, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621900

RESUMEN

This study explored the biosynthesis of bufadienolides(BDs) in Bufo bufo gargarizans to solve the dilemma of the decreasing resources of B. bufo gargarizans and provide a theoretical basis for the sustainable utilization of the resources. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS) was employed to detect the synthesis sites of BDs in B. bufo gargarizans, and the results were verified by desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry imaging(DESI-MSI) and homogenate incubation experiments. BDs in B. bufo gargarizans had the highest content in the liver and the highest concentration in the gallbladder, in addition to the parotid gland and skin, which suggested that the liver could synthesize BDs. The results of DESI-MSI also showed that BDs were mainly enriched in the liver rather than the immature parotid gland. The incubation experiment of liver homogenates demonstrated the liver of B. bufo gargarizans had the ability to synthesize BDs. This study showed that the liver was a major organ for the synthesis of BDs in B. bufo gargarizans during metamorphosis, development, and growth, which provided strong theoretical support for the biosynthesis of BDs and the sustainable utilization of B. bufo gargarizans resources.


Asunto(s)
Bufanólidos , Animales , Bufo bufo , Distribución Tisular , Bufonidae , Espectrometría de Masa por Ionización de Electrospray
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 912-923, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621898

RESUMEN

With the promotion of chemical fertilizer and pesticide reduction and green production of traditional Chinese medicines, microbial fertilizers have become a hot way to achieve the zero-growth of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, improve the yield and qua-lity of medicinal plants, maintain soil health, and promote the sustainable development of the planting industry of Chinese herbal medicines. Soil conditions and microenvironments are crucial to the growth, development, and quality formation of medicinal plants. Microbial fertilizers, as environmentally friendly fertilizers acting on the soil, can improve soil quality by replenishing organic matter and promoting the metabolism of beneficial microorganisms to improve the yield and quality of medicinal plants. In this regard, understanding the mechanism of microbial fertilizer in regulating the quality formation of medicinal plants is crucial for the development of herbal eco-agriculture. This study introduces the processes of microbial fertilizers in improving soil properties, participating in soil nutrient cycling, enhancing the resistance of medicinal plants, and promoting the accumulation of medicinal components to summarize the mechanisms and roles of bacterial fertilizers in regulating the quality formation of medicinal plants. Furthermore, this paper introduces the application of bacterial fertilizers in medicinal plants and makes an outlook on their development, with a view to providing a scientific basis for using microbial fertilizers to improve the quality of Chinese herbal medicines, improve the soil environment, promote the sustainable development of eco-agriculture of traditional Chinese medicine, and popularize the application of microbial fertilizers.


Asunto(s)
Plaguicidas , Plantas Medicinales , Fertilizantes , Agricultura , Suelo/química , Bacterias/genética , Extractos Vegetales , Microbiología del Suelo
3.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120760, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581891

RESUMEN

It is of great significance to solve the environmental problems caused by the unreasonable treatment of coal gasification slag. This study successfully produced Si-Fe-Al-Ca alloy from low-carbon fine slag with petroleum coke as reducing agent in a plasma furnace with an alternating current magnetic field, which solved the problem of the high reactivity requirement of carbon reductant for plasma smelting. The optimum carbon content of the mixed low-carbon fine slag and petroleum coke is 105% of the theoretical value. As the strength of the alternating current magnetic field increased (from 0% to 100% of the maximum power), the yield of the alloy (from 25.46% to 58.19%) and the recovery ratios of each element (Si, Fe, Al, Ca, Ti) increased. In addition, as the magnetic field strength increased, the pores inside the alloy became smaller, the composition of the alloy became more homogeneous, and a better separation of the alloy from the slag was observed. The main composition of the alloy at the strongest alternating current magnetic field is Si: 51.14 wt%, Fe: 28.41 wt%, Al: 9.14 wt%, Ca: 7.15 wt%, Ti: 2.03 wt%. We attribute the enhanced smelting effect of the alternating current magnetic field to the resistive heat and Lorentz force produced by the induced current. In addition, the skin effect concentrated the induced current on the surface of the oxide particles and carbon particles, which increased the temperature of the reaction interface and promoted the carbothermal reduction reaction.


Asunto(s)
Coque , Petróleo , Carbón Mineral , Aleaciones , Carbono
4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 22(1): 30, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561752

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The involvement of quality of life as the UNAIDS fourth 90 target to monitor the global HIV response highlighted the development of patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures to help address the holistic needs of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) beyond viral suppression. This study developed and tested preliminary measurement properties of a new patient-reported outcome (PROHIV-OLD) measure designed specifically to capture influences of HIV on patients aged 50 and older in China. METHODS: Ninety-three older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) were interviewed to solicit items and two rounds of patient cognitive interviews were conducted to modify the content and wording of the initial items. A validation study was then conducted to refine the initial instrument and evaluate measurement properties. Patients were recruited between February 2021 and November 2021, and followed six months later after the first investigation. Classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) were used to select items using the baseline data. The follow-up data were used to evaluate the measurement properties of the final instrument. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were recruited at the baseline. Of the 485 patients who completed the follow-up investigation, 483 were included in the validation sample. The final scale of PROHIV-OLD contained 25 items describing five dimensions (physical symptoms, mental status, illness perception, family relationship, and treatment). All the PROHIV-OLD dimensions had satisfactory reliability with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, McDonald's ω, and composite reliability of each dimension being all higher than 0.85. Most dimensions met the test-retest reliability standard except for the physical symptoms dimension (ICC = 0.64). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the structural validity of the final scale, and the model fit index satisfied the criterion. The correlations between dimensions of PROHIV-OLD and MOS-HIV met hypotheses in general. Significant differences on scores of the PROHIV-OLD were found between demographic and clinical subgroups, supporting known-groups validity. CONCLUSIONS: The PROHIV-OLD was found to have good feasibility, reliability and validity for evaluating health outcome of Chinese older PLWHA. Other measurement properties such as responsiveness and interpretability will be further examined.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , China , Psicometría/métodos
5.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2024 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584358

RESUMEN

Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by the triad of anorectal, thumb, and ear malformations. It may also be accompanied by defects in kidney, heart, eyes, hearing, and feet. TBS has been demonstrated to result from heterozygous variants in the SALL1 gene, which encodes zinc finger protein believed to function as a transcriptional repressor. The clinical characteristics of an atypical TBS phenotype patient from a Chinese family are described, with predominant manifestations including external ear dysplasia, unilateral renal hypoplasia with mild renal dysfunction, and hearing impairment. A novel heterozygous variant c.3060T>A (p.Tyr1020*) in exon 2 of the SALL1 gene was identified in this proband. Pyrosequencing of the complementary DNA of the proband revealed that the variant transcript accounted for 48% of the total transcripts in peripheral leukocytes, indicating that this variant transcript has not undergone nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. This variant c.3060T > A is located at the terminal end of exon 2, proximal to the 3' end of the SALL1 gene, and exerts a relatively minor impact on protein function. We suggest that the atypical TBS phenotype observed in the proband may be attributed to the truncated protein retaining partial SALL1 function.

6.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105957, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604260

RESUMEN

Curcuma wenyujin (C. wenyujin) is a medicinal plant that is traditionally used to treat blood stagnation, liver fibrosis, pain, and jaundice. In this study, we examined the effect of C. wenyujin rhizome extract on hepatic lipid accumulation both in vivo and in vitro. We found that the petroleum ether fraction of C. wenyujin rhizome extract (CWP) considerably reduced the accumulation of lipids in HepG2 cells treated with oleic and palmitic acid. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry was used to analyze the main chemical constituents of CWP, and 21 sesquiterpenes were identified. In vivo experiments revealed that the administration of CWP significantly reduced the body weight and serum total cholesterol (TC) level of low-density-lipoprotein receptor knockout mice treated with a high-fat diet without affecting their food intake. CWP also significantly reduced the levels of liver TC, liver triglycerides, aspartate transaminase, and alanine transaminase. Histological examination revealed that CWP dose-dependently reduced steatosis in liver tissue, significantly downregulated the expression of lipogenesis genes, and increased the ß-oxidation of fatty acids. CWP also significantly increased autophagy-related proteins. In conclusion, CWP rich in sesquiterpenes reduces the accumulation of lipids in vivo and in vitro by improving lipid metabolism and activating autophagy.


Asunto(s)
Curcuma , Metabolismo de los Lípidos , Ratones Noqueados , Extractos Vegetales , Rizoma , Sesquiterpenos , Curcuma/química , Rizoma/química , Animales , Humanos , Ratones , Células Hep G2 , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Sesquiterpenos/farmacología , Sesquiterpenos/aislamiento & purificación , Metabolismo de los Lípidos/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Hígado/efectos de los fármacos , Hígado/metabolismo , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Colesterol/sangre , Colesterol/metabolismo , Dieta Alta en Grasa , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/genética , Estructura Molecular
7.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 105: 106856, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554530

RESUMEN

The residue remaining after oil extraction from grape seed contain abundant procyanidins. An ultrasonic-assisted enzyme method was performed to achieve a high extraction efficiency of procyanidins when the optimal extraction conditions were 8 U/g of cellulase, ultrasound power of 200 W, ultrasonic temperature of 50 ℃, and ultrasonic reaction time of 40 min. The effects of free procyanidins on both radical scavenging activity and thermal stability at 40, 60, and 80 ℃ of the procyanidins-loaded liposomal systems prepared by the ultrasonic-assisted method were discussed. The presence of procyanidins at concentrations ranging from 0.02 to 0.10 mg/mL was observed to be effective at inhibiting lipid oxidation by 15.15 % to 69.70 % in a linoleic acid model system during reaction for 168 h, as measured using the ferric thiocyanate method. The procyanidins-loaded liposomal systems prepared by the ultrasonic-assisted method were characterized by measuring the mean particle size and encapsulation efficiency. Moreover, the holographic plots showed that the effect-response points of procyanidins combined with α-tocopherol in liposomes were lower than the addition line and 95 % confidence interval limits. At the same time, there were significant differences between the theoretical IC50add value and the experimental IC50mix value. The interaction index (γ) of all combinations was observed to be less than 1. These results indicated that there was a synergistic antioxidant effect between procyanidins combined with α-tocopherol, which will show promising prospects in practical applications. In addition, particle size differentiation and morphology agglomeration were observed at different time points of antioxidant activity determination (0, 48, 96 h).


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Liposomas , Proantocianidinas , Proantocianidinas/aislamiento & purificación , Proantocianidinas/química , Liposomas/química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/aislamiento & purificación , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Ondas Ultrasónicas , Vitis/química , Extracto de Semillas de Uva/química , Fraccionamiento Químico/métodos , Tamaño de la Partícula , Temperatura , Semillas/química
8.
Int Dent J ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553328

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Specific circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been proven to play crucial roles in osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo. This study aims to identify a certain circRNA involved in the osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and explore its regulatory role. METHODS: The expression of 5 candidate circRNAs (circ_0026344, circ_ACAP2, circ_0003764, circ_0008259, and circ_0060731) was detected by real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) after PDLSCs were cultured in the osteogenic induction medium or medium supplemented with tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, 10 ng/mL) for 3 and 7 days. The circRNA significantly decreased in both 3 and 7 days of osteogenic induction in PDLSCs and markedly increased in TNF-α-induced PDLSCs for 3 and 7 days screened. Identified circRNA was knocked down or overexpressed, and the effect on the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs was investigated by qRT-PCR, western blot, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, and alizarin red S (ARS) staining. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay were applied to detect the effect of the circRNA on the proliferation of PDLSCs. RESULTS: qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of circ_0003764 was significantly decreased when PDLSCs were cultured in the osteogenic induction medium for 3 or 7 days, whereas it was dramatically increased in TNF-α-induced PDLSCs. Knockdown of circ_0003764 promoted the expression of the osteogenesis-related genes (RUNX2, ALP, OCN) and proteins (RUNX2, OCN), enhanced the ALP activity, and elevated the mineralization by PDLSCs, as shown by ARS staining. However, with the overexpression of circ_0003764, the osteogenic differentiation capacity of PDLSCs was significantly reduced. The CCK-8 and EdU results indicated that circ_0003764 could inhibit the proliferation of PDLSCs. CONCLUSION: Circ_0003764 is involved in the osteogenesis process and inhibits the osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of PDLSCs. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study indicates that circ_0003764 can serve as a diagnostic and therapeutic target in bone regeneration-related diseases treated by PDLSCs-based tissue engineering.

9.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105924, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537886

RESUMEN

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, and accumulating evidence suggested that proteostatic imbalance is a key feature of the disease. Traditional Chinese medicine exhibits a multi-target therapeutic effect, making it highly suitable for addressing protein homeostasis imbalance in AD. Dendrobium officinale is a traditional Chinese herbs commonly used as tonic agent in China. In this study, we investigated protection effects of D. officinale phenolic extract (SH-F) and examined its underlying mechanisms by using transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans models. We found that treatment with SH-F (50 µg/mL) alleviated Aß and tau protein toxicity in worms, and also reduced aggregation of polyglutamine proteins to help maintain proteostasis. RNA sequencing results showed that SH-F treatment significantly affected the proteolytic process and autophagy-lysosomal pathway. Furthermore, we confirmed that SH-F showing maintainance of proteostasis was dependent on bec-1 by qRT-PCR analysis and RNAi methods. Finally, we identified active components of SH-F by LC-MS method, and found the five major compounds including koaburaside, tyramine dihydroferulate, N-p-trans-coumaroyltyramine, naringenin and isolariciresinol are the main bioactive components responsible for the anti-AD activity of SH-F. Our findings provide new insights to develop a treatment strategy for AD by targeting proteostasis, and SH-F could be an alternative drug for the treatment of AD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Péptidos beta-Amiloides , Autofagia , Caenorhabditis elegans , Dendrobium , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Extractos Vegetales , Proteostasis , Animales , Caenorhabditis elegans/efectos de los fármacos , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/tratamiento farmacológico , Dendrobium/química , Proteostasis/efectos de los fármacos , Autofagia/efectos de los fármacos , Péptidos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Animales Modificados Genéticamente , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Fenoles/farmacología , Fenoles/aislamiento & purificación , Flavanonas/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Fitoquímicos/farmacología , Fitoquímicos/aislamiento & purificación
10.
Environ Toxicol ; 39(5): 3188-3197, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356236

RESUMEN

Yin chai hu (Radix Stellariae) is a root medicine that is frequently used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat fever and malnutrition. In modern medicine, it has been discovered to have anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and anticancer properties. In a previous study, we were able to extract lipids from Stellariae Radix using supercritical CO2 extraction (SRE), and these sterol lipids accounted for up to 88.29% of the extract. However, the impact of SRE on the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) has not yet been investigated. This study investigates the inhibitory effects of SRE on AD development using a 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD mouse model. Treatment with SRE significantly reduced the dermatitis score and histopathological changes compared with the DNCB group. The study found that treatment with SRE resulted in a decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, CXC-10, IL-12, and IL-1ß in skin lesions. Additionally, immunohistochemical analysis revealed that SRE effectively suppressed M1 macrophage infiltration into the AD lesion. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of SRE was evaluated in LPS + INF-γ induced bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) M1 polarization, SRE inhibited the production of TNF-α, CXC-10, IL-12, and IL-1ß and decreased the expression of NLRP3. Additionally, SRE was found to increase p-AMPKT172, but had no effect on total AMPK expression, after administration of the AMPK inhibitor Compound C, the inhibitory effect of SRE on M1 macrophages was partially reversed. The results indicate that SRE has an inhibitory effect on AD, making it a potential therapeutic agent for this atopic disorder.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis Atópica , Animales , Ratones , Dermatitis Atópica/inducido químicamente , Dermatitis Atópica/tratamiento farmacológico , Dermatitis Atópica/metabolismo , Dinitroclorobenceno/toxicidad , Dinitroclorobenceno/uso terapéutico , Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP , Dióxido de Carbono/toxicidad , Dióxido de Carbono/uso terapéutico , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Citocinas/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico , Interleucina-12/toxicidad , Interleucina-12/uso terapéutico , Lípidos , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Piel
11.
Food Chem ; 445: 138620, 2024 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382249

RESUMEN

Gabaron green tea (GAGT) has unique flavor and health benefits through the special anaerobic treatment. However, how this composite processing affects the aroma formation of GAGT and the regulatory mechanism was rarely reported. This study used nontargeted metabolomics and molecular sensory science to overlay screen differential metabolites and key aroma contributors. The potential regulatory mechanism of anaerobic treatment on the aroma formation of GAGT was investigated by transcriptomics and correlation analyses. Five volatiles: benzeneacetaldehyde, nonanal, geraniol, linalool, and linalool oxide III, were screened as target metabolites. Through the transcriptional-level differential genes screening and analysis, some CsERF transcription factors in the ethylene signaling pathway were proposed might participate the response to the anaerobic treatment. They might regulate the expression of related genes in the metabolic pathway of the target metabolites thus affecting the GAGT flavor. The findings of this study provide novel information on the flavor and its formation of GAGT.


Asunto(s)
Camellia sinensis , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles , Té/metabolismo , Camellia sinensis/genética , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Multiómica , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles/análisis , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Odorantes/análisis
12.
Phytomedicine ; 126: 155222, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382279

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) was one of the most popular and most significant microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus. Qingxin Lianzi Yin Decoction (QXLZY) was a traditional Chinese classical formula, suitable for chronic urinary system diseases. QXLZY had good clinical efficacy in early DN, but the underlying molecular mechanism remained unrevealed. PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish the content determination method of QXLZY index components and explore the mechanism of QXLZY on DN by network pharmacology and metabolomics studies. METHODS: Firstly, the content determination methods of QXLZY were established with calycosin-7-O-ß-d-glucoside, acteoside, baicalin and glycyrrhizic acid as index components. Secondly, pharmacological experiments of QXLZY were evaluated using db/db mice. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS was used to carry out untargeted urine metabolomics, serum metabolomics, and kidney metabolomics studies. Thirdly, employing network pharmacology, key components and targets were analyzed. Finally, targeted metabolomics studies were performed on the endogenous constituents in biological samples for validation based on untargeted metabolomics results. RESULTS: A method for the simultaneous determination of multiple index components in QXLZY was established, which passed the comprehensive methodological verification. It was simple, feasible, and scientific. The QXLZY treatment alleviated kidney injury of db/db mice, included the degree of histopathological damage and the level of urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratio. Untargeted metabolomics studies had identified metabolic dysfunction in pathways associated with amino acid metabolism in db/db mice. Treatment with QXLZY could reverse metabolite abnormalities and influence the pathways related to energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism. It had been found that pathways with a high degree were involved in signal transduction, prominently on amino acids metabolism and lipid metabolism, analyzed by network pharmacology. Disorders of amino acid metabolism did occur in db/db mice. QXLZY could revert the levels of metabolites, such as quinolinic acid, arginine, and asparagine. CONCLUSION: This study was the first time to demonstrate that QXLZY alleviated diabetes-induced pathological changes in the kidneys of db/db mice by correcting disturbances in amino acid metabolism. This work could provide a new experimental basis and theoretical guidance for the rational application of QXLZY on DN, exploring the new pharmacological effect of traditional Chinese medicine, and promoting in-depth research and development.


Asunto(s)
Nefropatías Diabéticas , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratones , Animales , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Farmacología en Red , Metabolómica/métodos , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Nefropatías Diabéticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Aminoácidos
13.
J Nat Med ; 78(2): 342-354, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324123

RESUMEN

Evodiamine, a novel alkaloid, was isolated from the fruit of tetradium. It exerts a diversity of pharmacological effects and has been used to treat gastropathy, hypertension, and eczema. Several studies reported that evodiamine has various biological effects, including anti-nociceptive, anti-bacterial, anti-obesity, and anti-cancer activities. However, there is no research regarding its effects on drug-resistant cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect of evodiamine on human vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells (A375/R cells) proliferation ability and its mechanism. Cell activity was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. Flow cytometry assay was used to assess cell apoptosis and cell cycle. A xenograft model was used to analyze the inhibitory effects of evodiamine on tumor growth. Bioinformatics analyses, network pharmacology, and molecular docking were used to explore the potential mechanism of evodiamine in vemurafenib-resistant melanoma. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were performed to reveal the molecular mechanism. The alkaloid extract of the fruit of tetradium, evodiamine showed the strongest tumor inhibitory effect on vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells compared to treatment with vemurafenib alone. Evodiamine inhibited vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cell growth, proliferation, and induced apoptosis, conforming to a dose-effect relationship and time-effect relationship. Results from network pharmacology and molecular docking suggested that evodiamine might interact with IRS4 to suppress growth of human vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells. Interestingly, evodiamine suppressed IRS4 expression and then inhibited PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and thus had the therapeutic action on vemurafenib-resistant melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , Melanoma , Quinazolinas , Humanos , Vemurafenib/farmacología , Vemurafenib/uso terapéutico , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Transducción de Señal , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Apoptosis , Proliferación Celular , Alcaloides/farmacología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Sustrato del Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(2): 354-360, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403311

RESUMEN

This study aimed to examine the morphological, physiological, and biochemical alterations occurring in Notopterygium incisum seeds throughout their developmental stages, with the objective of establishing a theoretical foundation for the cultivation of superior quality seeds. The experimental materials utilized in this study were the seeds of N. incisum at various stages of development following anthesis. Through the employment of morphological observation and plant physiology techniques, the external morphology, nutrients, enzyme activity, and endogenous hormones of the seeds were assessed. The results revealed a transition in seed coat color from light green to brown during the growth and development of N. incisum seeds. Additionally, as the seeds matured, a decrease in water content was observed. Conversely, starch content exhibited a progressive increase, while sucrose content displayed fluctuations. At 7 days after anthesis, the soluble sugar content attained its highest level of 4.52 mg·g~(-1), whereas the soluble protein content reached its maximum of 6.00 mg·g~(-1) at 14 days after anthesis and its minimum of 4.94 mg·g~(-1) at 42 days after anthesis. The activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) exhibited an initial increase, followed by a decrease, and eventually reached a stable state. Conversely, the activities of catalase(CAT) and peroxidase(POD) demonstrated a decrease initially, followed by an increase, and then another decrease. The levels of the four endogenous hormones, namely gibberellin(GA_3), zeatin riboside(ZR), auxin(IAA), and abscisic acid(ABA), in the seeds displayed significant variations, with IAA and ABA exhibiting considerably higher levels compared to the other hormones. The levels of plant growth-promoting hormones, represented by IAA, generally displayed a pattern of initial increase followed by a subsequent decrease during seed development, while the plant growth-inhibiting hormone ABA showed the opposite trend. The findings indicate that the alterations in nutrient composition, antioxidant enzyme activity, and endogenous hormone levels vary throughout the maturation process of N. incisum seeds. These observations hold relevance for the cultivation of N. incisum seeds.


Asunto(s)
Giberelinas , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas , Ácido Abscísico , Semillas , Hormonas/metabolismo , Germinación/fisiología
15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(2): 171-176, 2024 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413038

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effect between two acupoint regimens of moxibustion on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and observe the influences on the serum content of interleukin 1α (IL-1α), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), bone gla protein (BGP) and osteoprotegerin (OPG). METHODS: KOA patients were randomly divided into an observation group (40 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (40 cases, 3 cases dropped off). In the observation group, moxibustion was applied to Xiyan (EX-LE5), Dubi (ST35), Zusanli (ST36), Dazhu (BL11), Xuanzhong (GB39) and Yongquan (KI1) on the affected side. In the control group, EX-LE5, ST35 and ST36 were selected on the affected side. One session of treatment took 30 min in each group, delivered 3 times a week and the duration of treatment was 4 weeks. The scores of Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed and the serum content of IL-1α, IL-17A, TNF-α, BGP and OPG of the two groups were measured before and after treatment. RESULTS: Compared with those before treatment, the WOMAC score, VAS score and the serum content of IL-1α, IL-17A and TNF-α were decreased (P<0.05), and the content of BGP and OPG were increased (P<0.05) after treatment. Compared with the control group, the WOMAC score, VAS score and the serum content of IL-1α and TNF-α in the observation group were lower (P<0.05), and the content of BGP and OPG were higher (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 89.5% (34/38), and that of the control group was 83.8% (31/37), with no statistically significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: Moxibustion therapy of "nourishing the kidney and benefiting the marrow" can relieve joint pain, improve joint function, reduce the level of inflammatory factors and ameliorate bone metabolic indicators. The effect of the acupoint regimen in this moxibustion therapy is better than that of the local acupoint selection.


Asunto(s)
Moxibustión , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/terapia , Interleucina-17 , Médula Ósea , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Resultado del Tratamiento , Puntos de Acupuntura , Riñón
16.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 416(7): 1571-1587, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38279012

RESUMEN

Dragon's Blood (DB) serves as a precious Chinese medicine facilitating blood circulation and stasis dispersion. Daemonorops draco (D. draco; Qi-Lin-Jie) and Dracaena cochinchinensis (D. cochinchinenesis; Long-Xue-Jie) are two reputable plant sources for preparing DB. This work was designed to comprehensively characterize and compare the metabolome differences between D. draco and D. cochinchinenesis, by integrating liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and untargeted metabolomics analysis. Offline two-dimensional liquid chromatography/ion mobility-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D-LC/IM-QTOF-MS), by utilizing a powerful hybrid scan approach, was elaborated for multicomponent characterization. Configuration of an XBridge Amide column and an HSS T3 column in offline mode exhibited high orthogonality (A0 0.80) in separating the complex components in DB. Particularly, the hybrid high-definition MSE-high definition data-dependent acquisition (HDMSE-HDDDA) in both positive and negative ion modes was applied for data acquisition. Streamlined intelligent data processing facilitated by the UNIFI™ (Waters) bioinformatics platform and searching against an in-house chemical library (recording 223 known compounds) enabled efficient structural elucidation. We could characterize 285 components, including 143 from D. draco and 174 from D. cochinchinensis. Holistic comparison of the metabolomes among 21 batches of DB samples by the untargeted metabolomics workflows unveiled 43 significantly differential components. Separately, four and three components were considered as the marker compounds for identifying D. draco and D. cochinchinenesis, respectively. Conclusively, the chemical composition and metabolomic differences of two DB resources were investigated by a dimension-enhanced analytical approach, with the results being beneficial to quality control and the differentiated clinical application of DB.


Asunto(s)
Quimiometría , Metaboloma , Extractos Vegetales , Espectrometría de Masas , Cromatografía Liquida , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos
17.
Water Res ; 251: 121149, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237462

RESUMEN

The development of efficient and low-consumption wastewater upgrading process is currently at the forefront of the wastewater treatment field. In this study, a novel wastewater treatment process based on powder carriers was proposed. Three systems, namely the activated sludge (AS) system, powder carrier (PC) system, and moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) system, were established and operated for over 140 days to treat real municipal wastewater. The characteristics and differences between the three systems were comprehensively investigated. The results suggested that the PC system exhibited notable advantages in nitrogen and phosphorus removal, especially under high influent load and low aeration conditions. The PC system, characterized by a higher nitrification rate compared to the MBBR system and a higher denitrification rate compared to the AS system, contributed to the stable nitrogen removal performance. The particle size of the zoogloea increased under the linkage of the powder carriers, and the mean size of micro-granules reached 170.88 µm. Large number of hydrophobic functional groups on sludge surface, coupled with increased protein content in EPS, further promoted sludge aggregation. Micro-granules formation improved settling performance and enhanced the abundance and activity of functional microbes. A significant enrichment in denitrifying bacteria and denitrifying phosphorus accumulating bacteria was observed in PC system. Up-regulation of the napA, narG, and nosZ genes was responsible for efficient nitrogen removal of the PC system. Moreover, a higher abundance in polyphosphate phosphotransferase (2.11 %) was found in PC system compared with AS and MBBR systems. The increase in the enzymes associated with poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthesis metabolism in PC system provided the energy for denitrification and phosphorus removal processes.


Asunto(s)
Aguas del Alcantarillado , Aguas Residuales , Aguas del Alcantarillado/microbiología , Polvos , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Nitrógeno/análisis , Fósforo/metabolismo , Biopelículas , Desnitrificación , Reactores Biológicos/microbiología , Nitrificación
18.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109382, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38242263

RESUMEN

The extensive application of Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) leads to the pollution of part of the water environment and brings great safety risks to aquatic animals. As a natural extract, tea polyphenols (TPs) have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Gills are one of the immune organs of fish and constitute the first line of defense of the immune system. However, it was unclear whether TPs could mitigate TBBPA-induced gills injury. Therefore, an animal model was established to investigate the effect of TPs on TBBPA-induced gills. The results indicated that TBBPA changed the coefficient and tissue morphology of carp gills. In addition, TBBPA induced oxidative stress and inflammation, leading to ferroptosis and apoptosis in carp gills. Dietary addition of TPs significantly improved the antioxidant capacity of carp, effectively inhibited the overexpression of TLR4/NF-κB and its mediated inflammatory response. Moreover, TPs restored iron metabolism, reduced the expression of pro-apoptotic factors thereby alleviating ferroptosis and apoptosis in carp gills. This study enriched the protective effect of TPs and provided a new way to improve the innate immunity of carp.


Asunto(s)
Carpas , Ferroptosis , Bifenilos Polibrominados , Animales , FN-kappa B/genética , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 4/genética , Carpas/metabolismo , Branquias , Polifenoles/farmacología , Polifenoles/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Proteínas de Peces , Inflamación/inducido químicamente , Inflamación/veterinaria , Inflamación/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Té/metabolismo
19.
Virus Res ; 341: 199322, 2024 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228190

RESUMEN

The emergence of highly infectious pathogens with their potential for triggering global pandemics necessitate the development of effective treatment strategies, including broad-spectrum antiviral therapies to safeguard human health. This study investigates the antiviral activity of emetine, dehydroemetine (DHE), and congeneric compounds against SARS-CoV-2 and HCoV-OC43, and evaluates their impact on the host cell. Concurrently, we assess the potential cardiotoxicity of these ipecac alkaloids. Significantly, our data reveal that emetine and the (-)-R,S isomer of 2,3-dehydroemetine (designated in this paper as DHE4) reduce viral growth at nanomolar concentrations (i.e., IC50 ∼ 50-100 nM), paralleling those required for inhibition of protein synthesis, while calcium channel blocking activity occurs at elevated concentrations (i.e., IC50 ∼ 40-60 µM). Our findings suggest that the antiviral mechanisms primarily involve disruption of host cell protein synthesis and is demonstrably stereoisomer specific. The prospect of a therapeutic window in which emetine or DHE4 inhibit viral propagation without cardiotoxicity renders these alkaloids viable candidates in strategies worthy of clinical investigation.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides , Emetina , Emetina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Emetina/farmacología , Ipeca/farmacología , Cardiotoxicidad , Antivirales/toxicidad
20.
Plant Sci ; 340: 111974, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199385

RESUMEN

The AGL6 (AGMOUSE LIKE 6) gene is a member of the SEP subfamily and functions as an E-class floral homeotic gene in the development of floral organs. In this study, we cloned IiAGL6, the orthologous gene of AGL6 in Isatis indigotica. The constitutive expression of IiAGL6 in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in a late-flowering phenotype and the development of curly leaves during the vegetative growth period. Abnormal changes in floral organ development were observed during the reproductive stage. In woad plants, suppression of IiAGL6 using TRV-VIGS (tobacco rattle virus-mediated virus-induced gene silencing) decreased the number of stamens and led to the formation of aberrant anthers. Similar changes in stamen development were also observed in miRNA-AGL6 transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Yeast two-hybrid and BiFC tests showed that IiAGL6 can interact with other MADS-box proteins in woad; thus, playing a key role in defining the identities of floral organs, particularly during stamen formation. These findings might provide novel insights and help investigate the biological roles of MADS transcription factors in I. indigotica.


Asunto(s)
Arabidopsis , Isatis , Isatis/genética , Isatis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Dominio MADS/genética , Proteínas de Dominio MADS/metabolismo , Flores , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Polen/genética , Polen/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Plantas Modificadas Genéticamente/metabolismo , Filogenia
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