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1.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(2): 599-616, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463603

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the efficacy of acupuncture alone or combined with physical therapy compared to other treatment interventions for relieving pain and improving function in rotator cuff diseases. METHODS: Our study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. After PROSPERO (CRD42023396740) registration, all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published from the inception of the databases to October 10, 2023, evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture either alone or in combination with physical therapy for treating rotator cuff diseases, were extracted from seven databases, including PubMed, Embase, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), and the Wanfang Date. Two independent researchers assessed the quality of the included studies and extracted relevant data. Furthermore, a meta-analysis was conducted using Stata 14 software. RESULTS: We included 13 RCTs - 12 published in English and 1 in Chinese - that enrolled 1,371 patients. The meta-analysis results demonstrated that acupuncture alone or in combination with physical therapy was superior to other interventions for short-term shoulder joint function improvement (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.82, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: -1.28 to -0.35, P = 0.001), medium-term shoulder joint function improvement (SMD = -1.00, 95% CI: -1.62 to -0.38, P = 0.002), short-term pain relief (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -1.37, 95% CI: -2.39 to -0.38, P = 0.006), medium-term pain relief (WMD = -1.66, 95% CI: -2.70 to -0.63, P = 0.002), and post-treatment shoulder joint abduction improvements (SMD = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.20 to 1.16, P = 0.005), external rotation (SMD = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.13 to 1.11, P = 0.012), and forward flexion (SMD = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.44 to 0.97, P < 0.001), with significant differences (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Based on the current clinical data, meta-analysis showed that acupuncture alone or combined with physical therapy is efficacious for short- and medium-term (< 3 months) pain relief and functional improvements. However, compared to other interventions, the efficacy of the long-term (3 to 12 months) period did not significantly differ. After treatment, these modalities displayed advantages such as improved shoulder joint abduction, external rotation, and forward flexion movements. However, no significant difference was noted in internal rotation movement. Thus, future studies might further investigate whether different acupuncture methods affect the efficacy of treating rotator cuff diseases and improving long-term outcome.

2.
Chemosphere ; 353: 141597, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432466

RESUMEN

The contamination of creek sediments near industrially nuclear dominated site presents significant environmental challenges, particularly in identifying and quantifying potentially toxic metal (loid)s (PTMs). This study aims to measure the extent of contamination and apportion related sources for nine PTMs in alpine creek sediments near a typical uranium tailing dam from China, including strontium (Sr), rubidium (Rb), manganese (Mn), lithium (Li), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), vanadium (V), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), using multivariate statistical approach and Sr isotopic compositions. The results show varying degrees of contamination in the sediments for some PTMs, i.e., Sr (16.1-39.6 mg/kg), Rb (171-675 mg/kg), Mn (224-2520 mg/kg), Li (11.6-78.8 mg/kg), Cd (0.31-1.38 mg/kg), and Zn (37.1-176 mg/kg). Multivariate statistical analyses indicate that Sr, Rb, Li, and Mn originated from the uranium tailing dam, while Cd and Zn were associated with abandoned agricultural activities, and Ni, Cu, and V were primarily linked to natural bedrock weathering. The Sr isotope fingerprint technique further suggests that 48.22-73.84% of Sr and associated PTMs in the sediments potentially derived from the uranium tailing dam. The combined use of multivariate statistical analysis and Sr isotopic fingerprint technique in alpine creek sediments enables more reliable insights into PTMs-induced pollution scenarios. The findings also offer unique perspectives for understanding and managing aqueous environments impacted by nuclear activities.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Uranio , Cadmio , Zinc , Manganeso , Níquel , Estroncio , Litio , Medición de Riesgo , China , Metales Pesados/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118013, 2024 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453099

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Glycyrrhiza. URALENSIS: Fisch. (licorice root, chinese name: Gancao) has a variety of medicinal values and is widely used clinically. Its main active ingredient, glycyrrhizic acid (GA), is believed to have a neuroprotective effect. However, the underlying biological mechanisms of GA on stress-induced anxiety disorders are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the anti-anxiety effect of GA and its underlying mechanism. METHODS: We selected the anxiety model induced by repeated chronic restraint stress (CRS) for 2 h on each of 7 consecutive days. GA (4, 20, 100 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally once daily for 1 week. The potential GA receptors were identified using whole-cell patches and computer-assisted docking of molecules. High-throughput RNA sequencing, adeno-associated virus-mediated gene regulation, Western blotting, and RT-qPCR were used to assess the underlying molecular pathways. RESULTS: GA alleviate depression-like and anxiety-like behaviors in CRS mice. GA decreased synaptic transmission by facilitating glutamate reuptaking in mPFC. Meanwhile, long-term GA treatment increased the expression of clock genes Per1 and Per2. Suppressing both Per1 and Per2 abolished the anxiolytic effects of GA treatment. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that GA may be developed for the treatment of stress-induced anxiety disorders, and its mechanism is related to GLT1 and Per1/2-dependent pathways. This presents a novel approach to discovering potent therapeutic drugs.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Ácido Glicirrínico , Ratones , Animales , Ácido Glicirrínico/farmacología , Ácido Glicirrínico/uso terapéutico , Ansiedad/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteínas Circadianas Period
4.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155376, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503152

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The apoptosis of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) is an important factor contributing to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious cardio-pulmonary vascular disorder. Salidroside (SAL) is a bioactive compound derived from an herb Rhodiola, but the potential protective effects of SAL on PAECs and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the role of SAL in the hypoxia-induced apoptosis of PAECs and to dissect the underlying mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were subjected to hypoxia (10% O2) for 4 weeks to establish a model of PH. Rats were intraperitoneally injected daily with SAL (2, 8, and 32 mg/kg/d) or vehicle. To define the molecular mechanisms of SAL in PAECs, an in vitro model of hypoxic cell injury was also generated by exposed PAECs to 1% O2 for 48 h. METHODS: Various techniques including hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, CCK-8, Western blot, qPCR, molecular docking, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) were used to determine the role of SAL in rats and in PAECs in vitro. RESULTS: Hypoxia stimulation increases AhR nuclear translocation and activates the NF-κB signaling pathway, as evidenced by upregulated expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, IL-1ß, and IL-6, resulting in oxidative stress and inflammatory response and ultimately apoptosis of PAECs. SAL inhibited the activation of AhR and NF-κB, while promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and increased the expression of its downstream antioxidant proteins HO-1 and NQO1 in PAECs, ameliorating the hypoxia-induced oxidative stress in PAECs. Furthermore, SAL lowered right ventricular systolic pressure, and decreased pulmonary vascular remodeling and right ventricular hypertrophy in hypoxia-exposed rats. CONCLUSIONS: SAL may attenuate the apoptosis of PAECs by suppressing NF-κB and activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathways, thereby delaying the progressive pathology of PH.


Asunto(s)
Apoptosis , Células Endoteliales , Glucósidos , Hemo Oxigenasa (Desciclizante) , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , FN-kappa B , Fenoles , Arteria Pulmonar , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Glucósidos/farmacología , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Células Endoteliales/efectos de los fármacos , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Arteria Pulmonar/efectos de los fármacos , Fenoles/farmacología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Ratas , Hipertensión Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Receptores de Hidrocarburo de Aril/metabolismo , Hipoxia/tratamiento farmacológico , Rhodiola/química , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos
5.
Anal Chem ; 96(10): 4213-4223, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427460

RESUMEN

The accurate quantification of cancer-derived exosomes, which are emerging as promising noninvasive biomarkers for liquid biopsies in the early diagnosis of cancer, is becoming increasingly imperative. In our work, we developed a magnetically controlled photothermal, colorimetric, and fluorescence trimode aptasensor for human gastric cancer cell (SGC-7901)-derived exosomes. This sensor relied on CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs nanocomposites, created by decorating copper peroxide (CP) nanodots on polyethyleneimine-modified manganese-containing Prussian blue analogues double-shelled nanoboxes (PEI-Mn-PBA DSNBs). Through self-assembly, we attached CD63 aptamer-labeled CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs (Apt-CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs) to complementary DNA-labeled magnetic beads (cDNA-MB). During exosome incubation, these aptamers preferentially formed complexes with exosomes, and we efficiently removed the released CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs by using magnetic separation. The CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs exhibited high photoreactivity and photothermal conversion efficiency under near-infrared (NIR) light, leading to temperature variations under 808 nm irradiation, correlating with different exosome concentrations. Additionally, colorimetric detection was achieved by monitoring the color change in a 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) system, facilitated by PEI modification, NIR-enhanced peroxidase-like activity of CP/Mn-PBA DSNBs and their capacity to generate Cu2+ and H2O2 under acidic conditions. Moreover, in the presence of Cu2+ and ascorbic acid (AA), DNA sequences could form dsDNA-templated copper nanoparticles (CuNPs), which emitted strong fluorescence at around 575 nm. Increasing exosome concentrations correlated with decreases in temperature, absorbance, and fluorescence intensity. This trimode biosensor demonstrated satisfactory ability in differentiating gastric cancer patients from healthy individuals using human serum samples.


Asunto(s)
Aptámeros de Nucleótidos , Técnicas Biosensibles , Exosomas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Cobre , Peróxidos , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Colorimetría
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484834

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of dry needling on lateral epicondylitis and identify a relatively more effective needling technique. DATA SOURCES: English databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Taylor & Francis, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, and Embase) and Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and VIP) were searched. STUDY SELECTION: This study included randomized controlled trials for comparing the effectiveness of dry needling with other treatment methods for lateral epicondylitis. The primary outcome measures were pain intensity and elbow disability, while the secondary outcome measures included grip strength and upper limb function. DATA EXTRACTION: Data extraction was performed by two researchers who used the Cochrane risk of bias analysis tool and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database checklist to assess the risk of bias and methodological quality of the included studies. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach was used to assess the quality of evidence. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 17 studies that involved 979 subjects were included in this research. Dry needling exhibited a significant advantage in improving pain intensity among patients with lateral epicondylitis within 1 week after treatment (mean difference [MD]=-0.95, 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.88 to -0.02). Within 1 week and in the follow-ups that exceeded 1 week, dry needling also demonstrated better improvement in elbow disability (<1 week: standardized mean difference [SMD]=-1.37, 95% CI, -1.88 to -0.86; ≥1 week: SMD=-1.32, 95% CI, -2.23 to -0.4) and grip strength (<1 week: SMD=0.27, 95% CI, 0.01 to 0.53; ≥1 week: SMD=0.45, 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.88). Trigger point dry needling with local twitch response exhibited more significant improvement in pain intensity within 1 week (MD=-1.09, 95% CI, -1.75 to -0.44). CONCLUSIONS: Dry needling demonstrates good therapeutic effects on pain intensity (within 1 week), function, and grip strength among patients with lateral epicondylitis. Local twitch response is necessary in treatment that targets trigger points.

7.
Int J Surg ; 110(4): 2071-2084, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320099

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The addition of immune checkpoint inhibitors to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in operable advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) cancer aroused wide interest. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant sintilimab, a programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor, in combination with fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel (FLOT) chemotherapy for HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer. METHODS: Eligible patients with clinical stage cT4 and/or cN+M0 G/GEJ cancer were enroled in this phase II study. Patients received neoadjuvant sintilimab (200 mg every 3 weeks) for three cycles plus FLOT (50 mg/m 2 docetaxel, 80 mg/m 2 oxaliplatin, 200 mg/m 2 calcium levofolinate, 2600 mg/m 2 5-fluorouracil every 2 weeks) for four cycles before surgery, followed by four cycles of adjuvant FLOT with same dosages after resection. The primary endpoint was the pathological complete response (pCR) rate. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were enroled between August 2019 and September 2021, with a median follow-up of 34.8 (95% CI, 32.8-42.9) months. Thirty-two (100%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy, and 29 underwent surgery with an R0 resection rate of 93.1%. The pCR (TRG0) was achieved in 5 (17.2%; 95% CI, 5.8-35.8%) patients, and the major pathological response was 55.2%. Twenty-three (79.3%) patients had T downstaging, 21 (72.4%) had N downstaging, and 19 (65.5%) had overall TNM downstaging. Six (20.7%) patients experienced recurrence. Patients achieving pCR showed better event-free survival (EFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) than non-pCR. The estimated 3-year EFS rate, 3-year DFS rate, and 3-year OS rate were 71.4% (95% CI, 57.2-89.2%), 78.8% (95% CI, 65.1-95.5%), and 70.9% (95% CI, 54.8-91.6%), respectively. The objective response rate and disease control rate were 84.4% (95% CI, 68.3-93.1%) and 96.9% (95% CI, 84.3-99.5%), respectively. Twenty-five (86.2%) received adjuvant therapy. The main grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were lymphopenia (34.4%), neutropenia (28.1%), and leukopenia (15.6%). no patients died from TRAE. The LDH level exhibited a better predictive value to pathological responses than PD-L1 and MSI status. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated an encouraging efficacy and manageable safety profile of neoadjuvant sintilimab plus FLOT in HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer, which suggested a potential therapeutic option for this population.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Docetaxel , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Unión Esofagogástrica , Fluorouracilo , Leucovorina , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Unión Esofagogástrica/patología , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/administración & dosificación , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/efectos adversos , Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patología , Adulto , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Leucovorina/efectos adversos , Leucovorina/uso terapéutico , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/efectos adversos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Oxaliplatino/administración & dosificación , Oxaliplatino/efectos adversos , Oxaliplatino/uso terapéutico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
8.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(2): e13304, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343296

RESUMEN

Mangoes (Mangifera indica) are widely prized for their abundant nutritional content and variety of beneficial bioactive compounds and are popularly utilized in various foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics industries. However, it is important to note that certain proteins present in mango can trigger various allergic reactions, ranging from mild oral allergy syndrome to severe life-threatening anaphylaxis. The immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity of mango is mainly associated with three major allergenic proteins: Man i 1 (class IV chitinase), Man i 2 (pathogenesis-related-10 protein; Bet v 1-related protein), and Man i 4 (profilin). Food processing techniques can significantly affect the structure of mango allergens, reducing their potential to cause allergies. However, it is worth mentioning that complete elimination of mango allergen immunoreactivity has not been achieved. The protection of individuals sensitized to mango should be carefully managed through an avoidance diet, immediate medical care, and long-term oral immunotherapy. This review covers various aspects related to mango allergy, including prevalence, pathogenesis, symptoms, and diagnosis. Furthermore, the characterization of mango allergens and their potential cross-reactivity with other fruits, vegetables, plant pollen, and seeds were discussed. The review also highlights the effects of food processing on mango and emphasizes the available strategies for managing mango allergy.


Asunto(s)
Hipersensibilidad a los Alimentos , Mangifera , Humanos , Alérgenos/efectos adversos , Relevancia Clínica , Hipersensibilidad a los Alimentos/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidad a los Alimentos/epidemiología , Hipersensibilidad a los Alimentos/etiología , Polen
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170694, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325477

RESUMEN

The uranium (U) containing leachate from uranium tailings dam into the natural settings, may greatly affect the downstream environment. To reveal such relationship between uranium contamination and microbial communities in the most affected downstream environment under drought stress, a 180 cm downstream artificial reservoir depth sediment profile was collected, and the microbial communities and related genes were analyzed by 16S rDNA and metagenomics. Besides, the sequential extraction scheme was employed to shed light on the distinct role of U geochemical speciations in shaping microbial community structures. The results showed that U content ranged from 28.1 to 70.1 mg/kg, with an average content of 44.9 mg/kg, significantly exceeding the value of background sediments. Further, U in all the studied sediments was related to remarkably high portions of mobile fractions, and U was likely deposited layer by layer depending on the discharge/leachate inputs from uranium-involving anthoropogenic facilities/activities upstream. The nexus between U speciation, physico-chemical indicators and microbial composition showed that Fe, S, and N metabolism played a vital role in microbial adaptation to U-enriched environment; meanwhile, the fraction of Ureducible and the Fe and S contents had the most significant effects on microbial community composition in the sediments under drought stress.


Asunto(s)
Uranio , Uranio/análisis , Sequías , Contaminación Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química
10.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0287882, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319940

RESUMEN

The Chinese caterpillar mushroom, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (O. sinensis), is a rarely medicinal fungus in traditional chinese herbal medicine due to its unique medicinal values, and the expression stability of reference genes is essential to normalize its gene expression analysis. In this study, BestKeeper, NormFinder and geNorm, three authoritative statistical arithmetics, were applied to evaluate the expression stability of sixteen candidate reference genes (CRGs) in O. sinensis under different stress [low temperature (4°C), light treatment (300 lx), NaCl (3.8%)] and different development stages (mycelia, primordia and fruit bodies) and formation of morphologic mycelium (aeriasubstrate, hyphae knot mycelium). The paired variation values indicated that two genes could be enough to accurate standardization exposed to different conditions of O.sinensis. Among these sixteen CRGs, 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) and beta-Tubulin (ß-TUB) showed the topmost expression stability in O.sinensis exposed to all conditions, while glutathione hydrolase proenzym (GGT) and Phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI) showed the least expression stability. The optimal reference gene in different conditions was various. ß-TUB and Ubiquitin (UBQ) were identified as the two most stable genes in different primordia developmental stage, while phosphoglucomutase (PGM) with elongation factor 1-alpha (EF1-α) and 18S rRNA with UBQ were the most stably expressed for differentially morphologic mycelium stages and different stresses, respectively. These results will contribute to more accurate evaluation of the gene relative expression levels in O.sinensis under different conditions using the optimal reference gene in real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis.


Asunto(s)
Cordyceps , Cordyceps/genética , ARN Ribosómico 18S/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica/métodos , Genes de Plantas , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa/métodos , Estándares de Referencia , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Ubiquitina/genética
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 208-215, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403353

RESUMEN

This study aimed to investigate the regulatory effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu Formula(ZJJ) on the intestinal flora, short chain fatty acids(SCFAs), and neuroinflammation in rats with diabetes mellitus complicated depression(DD). The DD model was established in rats and model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a positive drug(metformin + fluoxetine) group, a ZJJ low-dose group, and a ZJJ high-dose group, with eight rats in each group. Another eight rats were assigned to the blank group. Subsequently, depressive-like behavior test was conducted on the rats, and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected to measure pro-inflammatory cytokines [interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), interleukin-6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)]. Blood serum samples were collected to measure proteins related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis(HPA axis), including corticotropin-releasing hormone(CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH), and cortisol(CORT), as well as glucose metabolism. Gut contents were collected from each group for 16S rRNA sequencing analysis of intestinal flora and SCFAs sequencing. The results indicated that ZJJ not only improved glucose metabolism in DD rats(P<0.01) but also alleviated depressive-like behavior(P<0.05) and HPA axis hyperactivity(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Besides, it also improved the neuroinflammatory response in the brain, as evidenced by a significant reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Additionally, ZJJ improved the intestinal flora, causing the intestinal flora in DD rats to resemble that of the blank group, characterized by an increased Firmicutes abundance. ZJJ significantly increased the levels of SCFAs(acetic acid, butyric acid, valeric acid, and isovaleric acid)(P<0.01). Therefore, it is deduced that ZJJ can effectively ameliorate intestinal flora dysbiosis, regulate SCFAs, and thereby improve both glucose metabolism disturbances and depressive-like behavior in DD.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ratas , Animales , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisario/metabolismo , Depresión/tratamiento farmacológico , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Sistema Hipófiso-Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Hormona Liberadora de Corticotropina/metabolismo , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glucosa/metabolismo , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles/metabolismo , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles/farmacología
12.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(2): 135-144, 2024 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413034

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of scalp acupoint (Dingnieqian-xiexian, MS6) on expression of retinoid-related orphan receptor γT (ROR γ t), interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-10, transfor-ming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1), IL-6, IL-21, and IL-17A+ Thelper cells(Th) 17 and forkhead transcription factor P3 (FOXP3)+ regulatory T cells (Treg) differentiation of ischemic cortex in ischemic stroke rats, so as to explore its molecular mechanisms underlying relief of inflammatory injury of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 120 male SD rats were randomly assigned to sham operation, model, EA, inhibitor, agonist and EA+agonist groups, with 15 rats in each group. The ischemic stroke model was established by occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery according to Longa's methods. For rats of the EA group and EA+agonist group, EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral MS6 for 30 min, once daily for 7 days. Rats of the inhibitor group received intraperitoneal injection of solution of SR1001 (RORγt inhibitor) (2.5 mg/mL, 10 mg/kg), once daily for 7 days. Rats of the agonist and EA+agonist groups received intraperitoneal injection of solution of SR1078 (RORγt agonist) (5 mg/mL, 5 mg/kg) before EA, once daily for 7 days. Rats of the sham operation and model groups were grabbed and fixed in the same way with the other groups. The Zea-longa's score, modified neurological severity score (mNSS) and the neurobehavioral score were assessed before and after the intervention. At the end of experiments, the ischemic cortex tissue was collected. The 2, 3, 5-Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to detect the volume of cerebral infarction. The expression of RORγt mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative PCR;the protein expression levels of RORγt, IL-17A, IL-10 and TGF-ß1 were detected by Western blot;the immunoactivity of IL-6 and IL-21 were detected by immunohistochemistry;the fluorescence areas of IL-17A+Th17 and FOXP3+Treg cells were measured by immunofluorescence and their ratio was calculated in the tissue of ischemic cortex. RESULTS: Relevant to the sham operation group, the model group had a significant increase in the Zea-Longa's score, mNSS score, neurobehavioral score, cerebral infarct volume, expression levels of RORγt mRNA and protein, IL-17A protein, IL-6 and IL-21 immunoactivity, IL-17A+Th17 immunofluorescence intensity, and the ratio of IL-17A+Th17/FOXP3+Treg (P<0.01), and an obvious decrease in the expression levels of TGF-ß1 and IL-10 proteins and FOXP3+Treg immunofluorescence intensity (P<0.01). In contrast to the model group, both EA and inhibitor groups had a significant decrease in the Zea-Longa's score, mNSS score, neurobehavioral score, cerebral infarct volume, expression levels of RORγt mRNA and protein, IL-17A protein, IL-6 and IL-21 immunoactivity, IL-17A+Th17 immunofluorescence intensity, and the ratio of IL-17A+Th17/FOXP3+Treg (P<0.01, P<0.05), and a marked increase in the expression levels of TGF-ß1 and IL-10 proteins and FOXP3+Treg immunofluorescence intensity (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the above indicators of the agonist group were all reversed (P<0.01, P<0.05). Comparison between the agonist and EA+agonist groups showed that the Zea-Longa's score, mNSS score, neurobehavioral score, cerebral infarct volume, expression levels of RORγt mRNA and protein, IL-17A protein, IL-6 and IL-21 immunoactivity, IL-17A+Th17 immunofluorescence intensity, and the ratio of IL-17A+Th17/FOXP3+Treg were significantly lower (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the expression of TGF-ß1 and IL-10 proteins and FOXP3+Treg immunofluorescence intensity were obviously higher (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EA+agonist group than in the agonist group, suggesting that EA intervention can effectively weaken the effects of RORγt agonist. CONCLUSIONS: EA of scalp acupoint MS6 can effectively improve the neurological function, behavior reaction and reduce cerebral infarct volume in ischemic stroke rats, which may be associated with its functions in down-regulating the expression of RORγt and promoting the balance of IL-17A+Th17/FOXP3+Treg to alleviate inflammatory injury after ischemic stroke.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Electroacupuntura , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Interleucina-10 , Miembro 3 del Grupo F de la Subfamilia 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-6 , Puntos de Acupuntura , Cuero Cabelludo , Linfocitos T Reguladores , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1 , Infarto Cerebral , Factores de Transcripción Forkhead , ARN Mensajero
13.
J Adv Res ; 2024 Feb 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417574

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Globally, the onset and progression of multiple human diseases are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and dysregulation of Ca2+ uptake dynamics mediated by the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) complex, which plays a key role in mitochondrial dysfunction. Despite relevant studies, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. AIM OF REVIEW: This article provides an in-depth analysis of the current research status of the MCU complex, focusing on its molecular composition, regulatory mechanisms, and association with diseases. In addition, we conducted an in-depth analysis of the regulatory effects of agonists, inhibitors, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) monomers on the MCU complex and their application prospects in disease treatment. From the perspective of medicinal chemistry, we conducted an in-depth analysis of the structure-activity relationship between these small molecules and MCU and deduced potential pharmacophores and binding pockets. Simultaneously, key structural domains of the MCU complex in Homo sapiens were identified. We also studied the functional expression of the MCU complex in Drosophila, Zebrafish, and Caenorhabditis elegans. These analyses provide a basis for exploring potential treatment strategies targeting the MCU complex and provide strong support for the development of future precision medicine and treatments. KEY SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS OF REVIEW: The MCU complex exhibits varying behavior across different tissues and plays various roles in metabolic functions. It consists of six MCU subunits, an essential MCU regulator (EMRE), and solute carrier 25A23 (SLC25A23). They regulate processes, such as mitochondrial Ca2+ (mCa2+) uptake, mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, calcium dynamics, oxidative stress (OS), and cell death. Regulation makes it a potential target for treating diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, inflammatory diseases, metabolic diseases, and tumors.

14.
Chin J Integr Med ; 30(4): 348-358, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212499

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-tumor effects of Pien Tze Huang (PZH) in mouse models of B16-F10 melanoma, MC38 colorectal cancer, Hep1-6 hepatocellular carcinoma and chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma model. METHODS: Various tumor models, including B16-F10, MC38 and Hep1-6 tumor hypodermic inoculation models, B16-F10 and Hep1-6 pulmonary metastasis models, Hep1-6 orthotopic implantation model, and chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma model, were utilized to evaluate the anti-tumor function of PZH. Tumor growth was assessed by measuring tumor size and weight of solid tumors isolated from C57BL/6 mice. For cell proliferation and death of tumor cells in vitro, as well as T cell activation markers, cytokine production and immune checkpoints analysis, single-cell suspensions were prepared from mouse spleen, lymph nodes, and tumors after PZH treatment. RESULTS: PZH demonstrated significant therapeutic efficacy in inhibiting tumor growth (P<0.01). Treatment with PZH resulted in a reduction in tumor size in subcutaneous MC38 colon adenocarcinoma and B16-F10 melanoma models, and decreased pulmonary metastasis of B16-F10 melanoma and Hep1-6 hepatoma (P<0.01). However, in vitro experiments showed that PZH only had slight impact on the cell proliferation and survival of tumor cells (P>0.05). Nevertheless, PZH exhibited a remarkable ability to enhance T cell activation and the production of interferon gamma, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin 2 in CD4+ T cells in vitro (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Importantly, PZH substantially inhibited T cell exhaustion and boosted cytokine production by tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05). CONCLUSION: This study has confirmed a novel immunomodulatory function of PZH in T cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity, indicating that PZH holds promise as a potential therapeutic agent for cancer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias del Colon , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Melanoma , Ratones , Animales , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Linfocitos T CD8-positivos , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Citocinas
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(1)2024 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254964

RESUMEN

Improving seed oil quality in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) has long been an aim of breeding programs worldwide. The genetic resources to achieve this goal are limited. We used an advanced recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from JH5 × KX01-6 to explore quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting peanut oil quality and their additive effects, epistatic effects, and QTL × environment interactions. Gas chromatography (GC) analysis suggested seven fatty acids components were obviously detected in both parents and analyzed in a follow-up QTL analysis. The major components, palmitic acid (C16:0), oleic acid (C18:1), and linoleic acid (C18:2), exhibited considerable phenotypic variation and fit the two major gene and minor gene mixed-inheritance model. Seventeen QTL explained 2.57-38.72% of the phenotypic variation in these major components, with LOD values of 4.12-37.56 in six environments, and thirty-five QTL explained 0.94-32.21% of the phenotypic variation, with LOD values of 5.99-150.38 in multiple environments. Sixteen of these QTL were detected in both individual and multiple environments. Among these, qFA_08_1 was a novel QTL with stable, valuable and major effect. Two other major-effect QTL, qFA_09_2 and qFA_19_3, share the same physical position as FAD2A and FAD2B, respectively. Eleven stable epistatic QTL involving nine loci explained 1.30-34.97% of the phenotypic variation, with epistatic effects ranging from 0.09 to 6.13. These QTL could be valuable for breeding varieties with improved oil quality.


Asunto(s)
Arachis , Sitios de Carácter Cuantitativo , Arachis/genética , Fitomejoramiento , Ácidos Grasos/genética , Aceites de Plantas
16.
Phytomedicine ; 124: 155326, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185068

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) is a phenomenon that pathological injury of ischemic brain tissue is further aggravated after the restoration of blood supply. The complex pathological mechanism of CIRI has led to the failure of multiple neuroprotective agents in clinical studies. Salvianolic acid A (SAA) is a neuroprotective extract from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge., with significant pharmacological activities in the treatment of brain injury. However, the neuroprotective mechanisms of SAA remain unclear. PURPOSE: To explore the potential protective effect of SAA on CIRI and its mechanism, and to provide experimental basis for the research of new drugs for CIRI. STUDY DESIGN: A model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats was used to simulate clinical CIRI, and the neuroprotective effect of SAA on tMCAO rats was investigated within 14 days after reperfusion. The improvement effects of SAA on cognitive impairment of tMCAO rats were investigated by behavioral tests from days 7-14. Finally, the neuroprotective mechanism of SAA was investigated on day 14. METHODS: The neuroprotective effects and mechanism of SAA were investigated by behavioral tests, HE and TUNEL staining, RNA sequence (RNA-seq) analysis and Western blot in tMCAO rats. RESULTS: The brain protective effects of SAA were achieved by alleviating cerebral infarction, cerebral edema, cerebral atrophy and nerve injury in tMCAO rats. Meanwhile, SAA could effectively improve the cognitive impairment and pathological damage of hippocampal tissue, and inhibit cell apoptosis in tMCAO rats. Besides, SAA could provide neuroprotective effects by up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2, inhibiting the activation of Caspase 3, and regulating PKA/CREB/c-Fos signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: SAA can significantly improve brain injury and cognitive impairment in CIRI rats, and this neuroprotective effect may be achieved through the anti-apoptotic effect and the regulation of PKA/CREB/c-Fos signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Encefálicas , Isquemia Encefálica , Ácidos Cafeicos , Lactatos , Fármacos Neuroprotectores , Daño por Reperfusión , Ratas , Animales , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/farmacología , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/uso terapéutico , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Transducción de Señal , Isquemia Encefálica/patología , Daño por Reperfusión/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Infarto de la Arteria Cerebral Media/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto de la Arteria Cerebral Media/patología , Lesiones Encefálicas/tratamiento farmacológico
17.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-15, 2024 Jan 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38174416

RESUMEN

The herbal formula Sinisan (SNS) is a commonly used treatment for depression; however, its mechanism of action remains unclear. This article uses a combination of the GEO database, network pharmacology and molecular docking technologies to investigate the mechanism of action of SNS. The aim is to provide new insights and methods for future depression treatments. The study aims to extract effective compounds and targets for the treatment of depression from the T CMSP database. Relevant targets were searched using the GEO, Disgenet, Drugbank, PharmGKB and T T D databases, followed by screening of core targets. In addition, GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were performed to explore potential pathways for the treatment of depression. Molecular docking was used to evaluate the potential targets and compounds and to identify the optimal core protein-compound complex. Molecular dynamics was used to further investigate the dynamic variability and stability of the complex. The study identified 118 active SNS components and 208 corresponding targets. Topological analysis of P P I networks identified 11 core targets. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses revealed that the mechanism of action for depression involves genes associated with inflammation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and the MAP K3 and P I3K-Akt signalling pathways. Molecular docking and dynamics simulations showed a strong binding affinity between these compounds and the screened targets, indicating promising biological activity. The present study investigated the active components, targets and pathways of SNS in the treatment of depression. Through a preliminary investigation, key signalling pathways and compounds were identified. These findings provide new directions and ideas for future research on the therapeutic mechanism of SNS and its clinical application in the treatment of depression.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

18.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e076571, 2024 01 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238175

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive inflammatory autoimmune disease characterised by chronic systemic inflammation, which can cause swelling, stiffening and destruction of articular cartilage and bone. Early diagnosis and treatment of RA can improve outcomes and slow the progression of joint damage. Preliminary exploratory research had hinted an expected effect of modified Zhiwang decoction (MZWD) in treating early RA. However, few randomised clinical trials have evaluated the effectiveness of MZWD in early RA. Therefore, a parallel-group randomised controlled trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MZWD combined with methotrexate (MTX) on early RA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, parallel-group, single-centre randomised controlled clinical study. A total of 150 patients will be randomly assigned to either the treatment (n=75) or control group (n=75). The treatment group will receive MZWD and MTX, and the control group will receive MTX for 12 weeks. The primary outcome of this study is Disease Activity Score-28, and the secondary outcomes are Fatigue Scale-14, Visual Analogue Scale pain scores and traditional Chinese medicine symptom scores. Safety outcomes, including adverse events and results of ECG and laboratory tests, will be monitored. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval was obtained from the Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital (no. 2022-KY-124) on 8 July 2022. The findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT05508815).


Asunto(s)
Antirreumáticos , Artritis Reumatoide , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Humanos , Metotrexato/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Artritis Reumatoide/inducido químicamente , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Método Doble Ciego , Antirreumáticos/efectos adversos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
19.
Int J Phytoremediation ; 26(4): 569-578, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37684742

RESUMEN

To promote the selenium (Se) uptakes in fruit trees under Se-contaminated soil, the effects of water extract of Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) Hara straw on the Se accumulation in peach seedlings under selenium-contaminated soil were studied. The results showed that the root biomass, chlorophyll content, activities of antioxidant enzymes, and soluble protein content of peach seedlings were increased by the F. dibotrys straw extract. The different forms of Se (total Se, inorganic Se, and organic Se) were also increased in peach seedlings following treatment with the F. dibotrys straw extract. The highest total shoot Se content was treated by the 300-fold dilution of F. dibotrys straw, which was 30.87% higher than the control. The F. dibotrys straw extract also increased the activities of adenosine triphosphate sulfurase (ATPS), and adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase (APR) in peach seedlings, but decreased the activity of serine acetyltransferase (SAT). Additionally, correlation and grey relational analyses revealed that chlorophyll a content, APR activity, and root biomass were closely associated with the total shoot Se content. Overall, this study shows that the water extract of F. dibotrys straw can promote Se uptake in peach seedlings, and 300-fold dilution is the most suitable concentration.


The water extract of Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) Hara straw promoted the selenium (Se) uptake in peach seedlings under selenium-contaminated soil. The concentration of F. dibotrys straw extract showed a quadratic polynomial regression relationship with the total root and shoot Se. Furthermore, chlorophyll a content, APR activity, and root biomass were closely associated with the total shoot Se. This study shows that water extract of F. dibotrys straw can promote Se uptake in peach seedlings, and 300-fold dilution is the most suitable concentration.


Asunto(s)
Fagopyrum , Prunus persica , Selenio , Biodegradación Ambiental , Clorofila A/análisis , Fagopyrum/metabolismo , Prunus persica/metabolismo , Plantones/química , Selenio/metabolismo , Suelo , Agua/análisis
20.
Environ Pollut ; 344: 123235, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159635

RESUMEN

The extraction and utilization of uranium (U) ores have led to the release of significant amounts of potentially toxic metal(loid)s (PTMs) into the environment, constituting a grave threat to the ecosystem. However, research on the distribution and migration mechanism of U, chromium (Cr), and their accompanying PTMs in soil-plant system around U hydrometallurgical area remains insufficient and poorly understood. Herein, the distribution, migration, and risk level of PTMs were evaluated in soil and plant samples around U hydrometallurgical area, Northern Guangdong, China. The results demonstrated that the maximum content of U and Cr found in the analyzed soils were up to 84.2 and 238.9 mg/kg, respectively. These values far exceed the soil background values in China and other countries. The highest content of U (53.6 mg/kg) was detected in Colocasia antiquorum Schott, and the highest content of Cr (349.5 mg/kg) was observed in Pteridium aquilinum, both of which were enriched in their roots. The risk assessment of PTMs demonstrated that the study area suffered from severe pollution (PN > 3), especially from U, Cr, Th, and As, suggesting the non-negligible anthropogenic impacts. Hence, in light of the significant ecological hazard posed by the U hydrometallurgical area, it is imperative to implement appropriate restoration measures to ensure the human health and maintain the stability of the ecosystem.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Contaminantes del Suelo , Uranio , Humanos , Uranio/análisis , Metales Pesados/análisis , Cromo , Suelo , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , China , Medición de Riesgo
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