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1.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 3-9, 2024 Jan 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475679

RESUMEN

"Wu shan qi e"(five symptoms with good prognosis and seven with poor prognosis)is a theory used to determine the prognosis of external diseases in traditional Chinese medicine which have been mentioned in many ancient Chinese medicine books and have been valued by external doctors throughout history. However, it has been rarely discussed in modern literature. The theory were first seen in the Taiping Shenghui Fang, and the idea was originated from Ni Shun in Lingshu Yuban."Wu shan qi e"have evolved into many variants through the exertion of medical practitioners throughout history. By reviewing medical books of previous dynasties, it was found that there are two main versions: the Taiping Shenghui Fang version and its derivative versions, and the Waike Zhengzong version and its derivative versions.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Qi , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China , Libros , China
2.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 53(5): 268-276, 2023 Sep 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37935509

RESUMEN

At the end of the 7th century, Chinese medicine was widely spread in the upper class of Japanese society, and Japanese emperors developed a medical based view on epidemics. At the beginning of the 8th century, emperors determined to reform by imitated the Tang to build a state ruled by law.They determine the way of TCM to relieve the epidemic in the form of legislation, and used medical measures in outbreaks on many occasions.However, with the spread of smallpox and other epidemics during the Tenpei year, Japan's backward medical level and poor medical resources were unable to cope with the epidemic, and the emperors turned to the epidemic as calamity. From the late 8th century to the end of 10th century, Japanese emperors responded with Buddhist, Shinto, and Confucian measures. Medical relief gradually became obsolete at the national level. But at the individual level of the emperors, they attached great importance to the use of Chinese medicine for epidemic prevention and treatment, in the mid to late 9th century, medical prevention measures were established in the court through legal means.


Asunto(s)
Pueblos del Este de Asia , Epidemias , Humanos , Epidemias/historia , Epidemias/prevención & control , Historia Medieval
3.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 53(1): 56-60, 2023 Jan 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36925155

RESUMEN

The Hu-Chang theory is widely used in Chinese external medicine diagnosis and treatment, and it has been documented in many archives and recordings. However, its provenance and connotation were still confusing and unclear. It was believed that The Covert Prescription for External Medicine (Mi Chuan Wai Ke Fang) by Zhao Yizhen in the late Yuan and early Ming Dynasty was the earliest work with the use of provenance from the existing records of Hu-Chang. In terms of its connotation, it was believed by many scholars that the part of speech of Hu-Chang was an adjective-noun phrase, which means "defensive barrier", ie, "local swelling area in surgical disease". However, based on the textual research and analysis of relevant ancient documents, Hu-Chang should be a verb-object phrase, which means "the vital Qi prevents the diseased area from being infected or deteriorated". In this sense, the characteristic of Hu-Chang, the local swelling range of surgical diseases, can be named as "supervising and monitoring the field barrier".


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , China , Lenguaje , Prescripciones
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 27(24): 11691-11700, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164832

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Sophorae Flavescentis Radix (Kuh-seng, SFR), a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), is widely used alone or within a TCM formula to treat pruritus, especially histamine-independent intractable itching. In the previous study, potential antipruritic active components of the SFR were screened based on cell membrane immobilized chromatography (CMIC), revealing oxymatrine (OMT) as an antipruritic agent. However, the low oral bioavailability (OB) of OMT cannot explain the antipruritic effect of SFR when administered orally in clinic. In this study, we investigated the antipruritic effects and underlying mechanisms of orally administered SFR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A network pharmacology and molecular docking were employed to screen the active components of SFR and predict their binding to disease-related target proteins, while the potential mechanisms were explored with Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. The binding energy between components and target proteins was calculated by molecular docking. RESULTS: The SFR-components-targets-intractable itching Protein-Protein Interactions (PPI) network was established, and 22 active components and 42 targets were screened. The GO enrichment analysis showed that the key target genes of SFR were related to nuclear receptors, transcription factors, and steroid hormone receptors. The results of the KEGG enrichment pathway analysis include Hepatitis B, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance, advanced glycation end product (AGE)-receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, etc. Molecular docking showed that three key target proteins in the network, the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and caspase-3 (CASP3), have higher binding activities with inermine, phaseolin and kushenol O, respectively; the binding energy of each pair is stronger than that of the target protein-corresponding inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: The complexity of the SFR-components-targets-intractable itching network demonstrated the holistic treatment effect of SFR on intractable itching. The partial coherence between results screened by CMIC in the previous study and network pharmacology demonstrated the potential of network pharmacology in active component screening. Inermine screened from both CMIC and network pharmacology is a VEGFA inhibitor, which possibly accounts for the antipruritic effect of orally administered SFR.


Asunto(s)
Antipruriginosos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Humanos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Farmacología en Red , Prurito , Receptores ErbB , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
5.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(5): 309-312, 2022 Sep 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36268667

RESUMEN

Ben Cao Quan is an ancient classic book on materia medica compiled by Goku Yoshida, a Japanese scholar in the Edo period (1603-1867). A total of 568 materia medica in 53 categories in Ben Cao Quan came from Ben Cao Gang Mu compiled by Li Shizhen in the Ming Dynasty. These materia medica were introduced with some of his own interpretations of Goku Yoshida. The main characteristics of Ben Cao Quan reflected as follows. It attached importance to the comparison of translation from Chinese into Japanese and selected those materia medica commonly used in Japan, in particular, from 'spicific explanation' (Ji Jie) and 'smell' (Qi Wei) in Ben Cao Gang Mu.It focused on application and integrated local practice, and interpreted the personal insights of Goku Yoshida.Goku Yoshida's personal understanding and perception of these material medica were shown in terms of their origin and quality, analysis of their properties and collection, interpretation of their identification and selection, their local names, their Japanese names, and review of the changes when these materia medica were introduced into Japan.The purpose of Ban Cao Quan was to attempt to help Japanese identify materia medica and distinguish quality and interpret materia medica with Japanese characteristics. The book is valuable literature for the research of the impact of Ben Cao Gang Mu on the development of materia medica in Japan.


Asunto(s)
Materia Medica , Japón , Libros , Traducciones , China
6.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(4): 206-212, 2022 Jul 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36008309

RESUMEN

Japanese Kampo medicine (medicine with Han Fang) was found effective to treat some epidemic diseases.Historical records show that Namikawa Saimin, a Kampo medicine (Han Fang Medicine) practitioner during the cholera pandemic in the period of Ansei in Japan (1858-1860), discovered that the treatment effect of croton fruit against cholera was remarkable. Another physician in Naniwa also found that satou (Zhǎ Dá, visceral stones of animals and livestock) had the same effect in treating cholera. Subsequently, Wani Tadatane, an official physician in Komatsu Han of Iyo Province, learned about Namikawa Saimin and the use of croton fruit, and a medical officer in Kohofu, Masugi Fuminori, also heard of the story of the physician from Naniwa. Wani Tadatane and Masugi Fuminori verified the effect of croton fruit and satou on cholera treatment respectively. They regarded these two medical materials as the 'specific drugs' for cholera treatment by drawing on the interpretation and understanding of traditional Chinese medicine in terms of the efficacy of these two drugs. In this sense, croton fruit as a 'specific drug' for cholera treatment was widely accepted in the Kampo medical field (Han medicine area in Japan). The development of the use of satou by Masugi Fuminori could not be traced back because of the lack of historical records.


Asunto(s)
Cólera , Croton , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Animales , Cólera/tratamiento farmacológico , Cólera/epidemiología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Japón , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicina Kampo
7.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(6): 328-334, 2022 Nov 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624672

RESUMEN

In the Qin and Han Dynasties, three views were argued as the main causes of epidemic diseases, the observation of climate, the interaction between nature and humans and 'witchcraft'. Specifically it was thought that abnormal climate, personnel and government decree, and 'gods' and 'ghosts' were responsible for epidemics. This perception led to corresponding countermeasures to deal with epidemic diseases. The abnormal climate in nature was believed to result in the occurrence of epidemic diseases. This was interpreted by traditional Chinese medicine in terms of exogenous diseases. For instance, Huang Di Nei Jing interpreted leprosy with the point of wind-pathogen attacking. Shang Han Lun treated epidemic diseases with the viewpoint of exogenous pathogen. The classic books of Chinese materia medica recorded many cases of preventing and treating epidemic diseases with materia medica. The personnel and government decree refers to the wrong decrees of Emperors and the poor implementation of officials. This was argued to lead to various disasters including epidemic diseases. It was interpreted by Dong Zhongshu, a famous Confucian in the Han Dynasty, as the punishment of gods upon their misconduct. This reminded emperors about reflecting on the epidemic diseases and correcting their mistakes politically. 'Gods' and 'ghosts' were also believed as the cause of epidemics. This idea drove people to deal with epidemic diseases through sacrifices and exorcism.


Asunto(s)
Desastres , Epidemias , Materia Medica , Humanos , Libros , China/epidemiología , Medicina Tradicional China
8.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(1): 50-55, 2021 Jan 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794584

RESUMEN

Chuugoku Isekikou (, Catalogue of Chinese Medical Literature) has high value in the history of Chinese and Japanese medicine. Through the collation and statistics of the sources of medical books included in this book, this paper sums up the sources of medical books included by the famous Japanese doctors Tanba and his son, who compiled this book. We found nearly 60 percent medical books from Chinese bibliographies and Local Gazetteers. Based on the analysis of all kinds of relevant literature, we studied the rules and compilation ideas of the process of Tanba's collection medical books, and then discovered the contents of the medical books were mainly prescription treatment, not incloud the book of immortal,sexual skill or veterinarian. We also discovered the arrangement of Isekikou was mainly time, and other factors were considered comprehensively.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Medicina , Médicos , Libros , Humanos , Prescripciones
9.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(7): 6612-6626, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307158

RESUMEN

Adrenal responsiveness was tested in nonpregnant, lactating Holstein dairy cows fed diets supplemented with OmniGen-AF (OG; Phibro Animal Health Corp., Teaneck, NJ), an immune modulator, and in nonsupplemented control (CON) cows following bolus infusions of a combination of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH; 0.3 µg/kg of BW) and arginine vasopressin (VP; 1.0 µg/kg of BW) or ACTH (0.1 IU/kg of BW) in 2 environments: thermoneutral [TN; temperature-humidity index (THI) <60] for 24 h/d and heat stress (HS; THI >68 for 17 h/d). Cows (506) were initially fed OG (n = 254) or CON (n = 252) diets for 44 d before selection of a subgroup of cows (n = 12; 6 OG, 6 CON) for the study. The 2 subgroups were balanced for parity, milk yield, and days in milk. All cows were transported to and housed in 2 environmentally controlled rooms at the University of Arizona Agricultural Research Complex (Tucson). Cows were given 3 d to acclimate to the rooms and then underwent 12 d of TN conditions and then 8 d of HS conditions for a total of 24 d on experiment. Cows were infused with CRH-VP on d 9 of TN and on d 1 of HS and with ACTH on d 10 of TN and on d 2 of HS. Hormone infusions took place at 1000 h (0 h) on each infusion day. Blood samples, taken in 30-min intervals, were first collected at 0800 h (-2 h) and were drawn until 1800 h (8 h). Before infusion, serum progesterone was elevated in OG cows compared with CON cows. Infusion of releasing factors (CRH-VP or ACTH) caused increases in serum cortisol and progesterone, but cortisol release was greater in CON cows than in OG cows during HS, whereas progesterone did not differ between the 2 treatments. Serum ACTH increased following infusion of releasing factors, but this increase was greater following CRH-VP infusion than ACTH infusion. Serum bovine corticosteroid-binding globulin also increased following infusion of releasing factors in both treatment groups, but this increase was greater during HS in cows fed OG. The free cortisol index (FCI) increased following CRH-VP and ACTH and was higher in HS than in TN for both OG and CON cows. However, the FCI response was blunted in OG cows compared with CON cows during HS. Heat stress enhanced the adrenal response to releasing factors. Additionally, the adrenal cortisol and FCI response to releasing factors was reduced during acute heat stress in cows fed OG. Collectively, these data suggest that OG supplementation reduced the adrenal responsiveness to factors regulating cortisol secretion during acute HS.


Asunto(s)
Hormona Adrenocorticotrópica/farmacología , Bovinos/fisiología , Hormona Liberadora de Corticotropina/farmacología , Suplementos Dietéticos/análisis , Leche/metabolismo , Vasopresinas/farmacología , Animales , Dieta/veterinaria , Femenino , Respuesta al Choque Térmico , Humedad , Hidrocortisona/sangre , Lactancia , Paridad , Embarazo , Progesterona/sangre
10.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 49(3): 135-138, 2019 May 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269621

RESUMEN

Ruhanbunko() is an anthology of the famous Japanese doctor Taki Mototane(). The book has 94 articles written between 1895 and 1827.Its content involved more than 400 doctors and literati both in China and Japan, also more than 190 books. Taki Mototane explored many aspects of the medical field in Ruhanbunko. His essays characterized as plenty, conclusive and preciseness.Besides, Taki Mototane discussed both theory and practice problems.The book has very high value of literature, clinical diagnosis and treatment research. Meanwhile, the poems and essays of Taki Mototane in the book and the epitaphs written for the doctors are also valuable medical historical materials.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Libros , China , Historia del Siglo XIX , Japón , Escritura
11.
Clin Lab ; 65(5)2019 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115228

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anemia can be secondary to many diseases and hypercalcemia can be secondary to oral calcium supplementation. For non-hematologists, anemia and hypercalcemia are usually ignored. Here we report a case of persistent mild anemia and hypercalcemia which were ignored as a normal reaction secondary to oral calcium supplementation in a steroid-dependent asthma patient; it was ultimately diagnosed as multiple myeloma. METHODS: Bone marrow puncture, combined serum, and urine laboratory indexes were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: A bone marrow puncture specimen comprised 31.5% plasma cells. The serum and urine immunoelectrophoresis showed monoclonal kappa light chains. CONCLUSIONS: When anemia and hypercalcemia occur in an elderly patient, physicians should pay attention to multiple myeloma, especially when accompanied with vertebral and flat bone fractures.


Asunto(s)
Anemia/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Calcio/administración & dosificación , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiple/diagnóstico , Prednisona/administración & dosificación , Anciano , Anemia/etiología , Asma/complicaciones , Calcio/efectos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Suplementos Dietéticos , Glucocorticoides/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiología , Masculino , Mieloma Múltiple/complicaciones
12.
Poult Sci ; 98(8): 3298-3303, 2019 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993323

RESUMEN

Dietary supplementation with the isoflavone, daidzein, has been shown to improve egg production in poultry. Additionally, providing Chinese herbs (CH) in the broiler diet has led to increased antioxidative enzyme activity. However, the combined effect of these dietary supplements on hen performance has not been examined. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine if dietary supplementation with a mixture of daidzein and CH would alter laying performance, egg quality, and blood plasma constituents of post-peak laying hens. At 59 wk of age, Hyline brown hens (240) were randomly allocated to 2 dietary groups and fed for 16 wk. The control group received the basal diet, and a treatment group was fed the basal diet that contained 0.02% of a mixture of daidzein and CH. Egg production and weight were recorded daily and egg quality data were collected at 75 wk of age. Blood plasma antioxidant activity, hormone levels, mineral (Ca and P) content, and osteocalcin content were determined at the end of the study. The results showed that laying rate, egg mass, and shell strength were greater in the daidzein-CH mixture group than the controls (P < 0.05). The plasma glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, and luteinizing hormone levels were also greater in the daidzein-CH mixture group compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The results of this study reveal that supplementing diets with a daidzein-CH mixture can improve laying performance perhaps by increasing plasma antioxidant activity, luteinizing hormone levels, and mineral content.


Asunto(s)
Alimentación Animal/análisis , Pollos/fisiología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Cáscara de Huevo , Isoflavonas/farmacología , Envejecimiento , Animales , Antioxidantes/análisis , Calcio/sangre , Dieta/veterinaria , Femenino , Hormona Luteinizante/sangre , Osteocalcina/sangre , Oviposición/efectos de los fármacos , Fósforo/sangre
13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(3): 198-204, 2019 Mar 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897866

RESUMEN

Objective: To assess the cognitive level of first aid knowledge regarding the small area burn among the child caregivers in Shanghai and improve the level of first aid for small area burn in children. Methods: From November 2017 to March 2018, 7 municipal districts in Shanghai were selected according to the random number table, from which 2 750 students of 4 nurseries, 5 kindergartens, 6 primary schools, and 2 junior middle schools were selected by adopting the convenience sampling method. Each student was limited to one caregiver as the research object. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the cognitive level of first aid knowledge regarding small area burn among the caregivers with self-designed questionnaire through WeChat and Tencent QQ. The age, burn experience, and scarring after burns in children, the prevalence rate of burn in children of different age groups, the educational background of caregivers and their social relationship with their children, and the measures taken by caregivers firstly after small area burn occurred among their children were recorded. The choices of applying the folk prescription drugs to the wounds of their children made by caregivers and those with different educational backgrounds were recorded. The choices of applying daily necessities to the wound of their children made by caregivers were recorded. The caregivers' knowledge of standard first aid measures for small area burn, and the knowledge of caregivers with different educational backgrounds of all standard first aid measures for small area burn were recorded. The caregivers' choices of hospitals for treatment the first time, and the choices of going to the Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital with burn specialty for treatment made by caregivers with different knowledge levels about first aid measures for small area burn and those by caregivers whose children did or didn't have burn experience were recorded. The caregivers' choices of different types of medical institutions with burn specialty or specialized in burn treatment, and choices of going to burn department of comprehensive Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital for treatment made by caregivers with different knowledge levels about first aid measures for small area burn were recorded. Data were processed with Pearson chi-square test and partitions of chi-square test. Results: The effective recovery rate of questionnaire was 99.0% (2 723/2 750). The ages of children were mainly 6-11 years [64.7% (1 762/2 723)]The prevalence of burn in children was 19.4% (527/2 723). There was no statistically significant difference in the overall comparison of burn prevalence of children among the age groups (χ(2)=1.424, P>0.05). The percentage of scar formation after burn in children was 27.3% (144/527). The education backgrounds of caregivers were mainly undergraduate [40.2% (1 094/2 723)], and their social relationships with children were mainly children's mothers [74.6% (2 030/2 723)]. Assuming that their children suffered from minor burns, the measures firstly taken by 74.0% (2 016/2 723) of the caregivers was to immediately access cool running water and remove clothing on the wound of children. Totally 19.2% (523/2 723) of the caregivers chose to apply folk prescription drugs for their burn children by themselves, and the percentage of caregivers with education background of junior middle school choosing to apply folk prescription drugs for their burn children by themselves was significantly higher than that of caregivers with education background of junior college, undergraduate, or graduate (χ(2)=18.502, 20.642, 13.319, P<0.05). Totally 49.2% (1 340/2 723) of caregivers chose to daub many kinds of daily necessities for their burn children by themselves. Totally 39.2% (1 068/2 723) of caregivers knew all standard first aid measures for small area burn, the percentage of caregivers with education background of undergraduate knowing all standard first aid measures for small area burn was significantly higher than that of caregivers with education background of senior high school and secondary specialized school (χ(2)=11.234, P<0.05). Assuming that their children suffered from minor burns, 39.0% (1 063/2 723) of the caregivers chose to go to the nearest hospital for treatment the first time, the percentage of caregivers who knew all standard first aid measures for small area burn choosing to go to Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital with burn specialty for treatment the first time was similar with that of caregivers who did not know/did not fully know (χ(2)=3.528, P>0.05), and the percentage of caregivers whose children had burn experience choosing to go to Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital with burn specialty for treatment in the first time was similar with that of caregivers whose children didn't have burn experience (χ(2)=3.521, P>0.05). Among all medical institutions with burn specialty or specialized in burn treatment, 28.0% (762/2 723) of the caregivers chose to go to comprehensive Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital for treatment, and the percentage of caregivers who knew all standard first aid measures for small area burn choosing to go to comprehensive Grade Ⅲ Level A hospital for treatment was significantly higher than that of caregivers who did not know/did not fully know (χ(2)=4.890, P<0.05). Conclusions: The caregivers of children are mainly children's mothers with education background of undergraduate in Shanghai, and caregivers' cognitive levels of first aid knowledge regarding the small area burn are low. Only a few caregivers know all standard first aid measures for small area burn, and there are still some caregivers who have the wrong idea of applying folk prescription drugs or daily necessities for children by themselves. The publicity and education of basic first aid knowledge of burn should be strengthened through various channels such as burn simulation exercise and network, and caregivers should be guided to take their children to hospitals with burn specialty for treatment after occurrence of burn in children, so as to obtain more professional medical treatment.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras/terapia , Cuidadores , Cognición , Primeros Auxilios , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Niño , China , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 48(3): 158-163, 2018 May 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317826

RESUMEN

Michel Boym was a 17th-century missionary who came to China from Poland. He was the first man who introduce Chinese herbal medicine to Europe by writing Flora Sinensis (Chinese Flora) and Medicamenta Simplicia quae Chinensibus ad usum medicum adhibentur. This article reveals that which Chinese herbal medicine books may have been consulted in the Medicamenta Simplicia quae Chinensibus ad usum medicum adhibentur by analyzing its content and comparing it with the Chinese herbal medicine books. We believed that in order to write this book, he consulted many Chinese books, collected a variety of herbal samples and consulted Chinese people who knew about herbals, and added his own understanding. As a western pharmacology book, his book structure, content and characteristics are the closest to Chinese herbal medicine books. And which Chinese books he has consulted, may include, but is not limited to BenCao GangMu(Compendium of Materia Medica)《》, Lei Gong Pao Zhi Yao Xing Jie 《》, Ben Cao Meng Quan《》 and Xin Kan Lei Gong Pao Zhi Bian Lan 《》.


Asunto(s)
Materia Medica , Misioneros , Libros , China , Historia del Siglo XVII , Materia Medica/historia , Polonia
15.
Heredity (Edinb) ; 119(3): 166-173, 2017 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28657614

RESUMEN

Oryza longistaminata originates from African wild rice and contains valuable traits conferring tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress. However, interspecific crosses between O. longistaminata and Oryza sativa cultivars are hindered by reproductive barriers. To dissect the mechanism of interspecific hybrid sterility, we developed a near-isogenic line (NIL) using indica variety RD23 as the recipient parent and O. longistaminata as the donor parent. Both pollen and embryo sac semi-sterility were observed in F1 hybrids between RD23 and NIL. Cytological analysis demonstrated that pollen abortion in F1 hybrids occurred at the early bi-nucleate stage due to a failure of the first mitosis in microspores. Partial embryo sacs in the F1 hybrids were defective during the functional megaspore formation stage. Most notably, nearly half of the male or female gametes were aborted in heterozygotes S40iS40l, regardless of their genotypes. Thus, S40 was indicated as a one-locus sporophytic sterility gene controlling both male and female fertility in hybrids between RD23 and O. longistaminata. A population of 16 802 plants derived from the hybrid RD23/NIL-S40 was developed to fine-map S40. Finally, the S40 locus was delimited to an 80-kb region on the short arm of chromosome 1 in terms with reference sequences of cv. 93-11. Eight open reading frames (ORFs) were localized in this region. On the basis of gene expression and genomic sequence analysis, ORF5 and ORF8 were identified as candidate genes for the S40 locus. These results are helpful in cloning the S40 gene and marker-assisted transferring of the corresponding neutral allele in rice breeding programs.


Asunto(s)
Hibridación Genética , Oryza/genética , Infertilidad Vegetal/genética , Polen/genética , Mapeo Cromosómico , Cruzamientos Genéticos , ADN de Plantas/genética , Genes de Plantas , Marcadores Genéticos , Genotipo , Oryza/clasificación
16.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3532, 2017 06 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28615663

RESUMEN

EuFe2As2-based iron pnictides are quite interesting compounds, due to the two magnetic sublattices in them and the tunability to superconductors by chemical doping or application of external pressure. The effects of hydrostatic pressure on the static magnetism in Eu(Fe0.925Co0.075)2As2 are investigated by complementary electrical resistivity, ac magnetic susceptibility and single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements. A specific pressure-temperature (P-T) phase diagram of Eu(Fe0.925Co0.075)2As2 is established. The structural phase transition, as well as the spin-density-wave order of Fe sublattice, is suppressed gradually with increasing pressure and disappears completely above 2.0 GPa. In contrast, the magnetic order of Eu sublattice persists over the whole investigated pressure range up to 14 GPa, yet displaying a non-monotonic variation with pressure. With the increase of the hydrostatic pressure, the magnetic state of Eu evolves from the canted antiferromagnetic structure in the ground state, via a pure ferromagnetic structure under the intermediate pressure, finally to an "unconfirmed" antiferromagnetic structure under the high pressure. The strong ferromagnetism of Eu coexists with the pressure-induced superconductivity around 2 GPa. Comparisons between the P-T phase diagrams of Eu(Fe0.925Co0.075)2As2 and the parent compound EuFe2As2 were also made.

17.
J Dairy Sci ; 100(5): 4025-4037, 2017 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28237583

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to investigate the direct effects of feed supplements niacin and betaine on the heat shock responses of in vitro cultured cells derived from bovine mammary and uterine tissues. First, we determined the mRNA expression profiles of the niacin receptor (GPR109A) in bovine tissues (liver, skin, uterus, udder, and ovary) and in cells derived from bovine mammary epithelium (mammary alveolar cells, MAC-T; bovine mammary epithelial cells, BMEC) and endometrium (bovine endometrial cells, BEND). We found that GPR109A was distributed in all examined tissues and cells, and the highest expression was in cells from skin and udder. Second, we evaluated the effects of niacin treatment on the mRNA abundance of heat shock proteins 70 and 27 (HSP70 and HSP27) in MAC-T, BMEC, and BEND under thermoneutral conditions and heat stress, and whether these effects were associated with alterations in the mRNA expression of prostaglandin E2 synthesis-related genes, including cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 (COX-1 and COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase 1 and 2 (mPGES-1 and mPGES-2). Quantitative PCR data indicated that niacin suppressed HSP70 mRNA expression in BMEC and both HSP70 and HSP27 in BEND under thermoneutral conditions. Only COX-2 expression was downregulated by niacin in BMEC; other prostaglandin E2 synthesis-related genes stayed unaltered in BMEC and BEND. The mRNA abundance of HSP70, COX-1, COX-2, and mPGES-1 were elevated in niacin-treated MAC-T. During heat stress, niacin increased mRNA levels of HSP70 and HSP27 in MAC-T and HSP27 in BEND, but decreased HSP70 in BMEC. Although mPGES-2 was stimulated by niacin in BEND, the mRNA expression of prostaglandin E2 synthesis-related genes were consistent with neither HSP70 nor HSP27 expression patterns in niacin-treated BMEC and MAC-T. These data suggest that the effects of niacin on heat shock protein expression and prostaglandin E2 synthesis were not well coupled in these cells. Finally, we tested the effects of betaine treatment on viability and apoptosis in BMEC. Compared with control cultures, viability was higher in betaine-treated cells at 8 h under thermoneutral conditions and at 16 h in heat stress, and apoptotic rates were lower at 8 h. Our data support a dual role for niacin in regulating heat shock protein expression in normal and heat-shocked cells derived from mammary and uterine tissues, and positive effects of betaine in regulating mammary cell viability during heat stress.


Asunto(s)
Betaína , Niacina , Animales , Bovinos , Proteínas HSP70 de Choque Térmico , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Respuesta al Choque Térmico , ARN Mensajero
18.
Plant Dis ; 101(10): 1802-1811, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30676920

RESUMEN

A novel disease characterized by small brown-black spots (1 to 2 mm in diameter) on tender tea leaves (Camellia sinensis) has been observed in many regions of Hubei Province, China, which severely affects the yield and quality of tea. Tea leaf samples with typical symptoms were collected from three major tea-cultivation regions of Hubei, and were subjected to pathogen isolation for etiological analysis. As a result, 34 Pestalotiopsis isolates were obtained from 20 samples, and they were identified as Pestalotiopsis theae (14 isolates), P. camelliae (12), and P. clavispora (8), determined by morphologies and phylogenetic analysis based on internal transcribed spacer, and partial ß-tubulin and translation elongation factor 1-alpha genes. Pathogenicity tests on detached tea leaves showed that no matter what mycelial discs or conidium suspensions were used, inoculation of the Pestalotiopsis fungi could result in small brown-black spots (1 to 2 mm in diameter) on wounded leaves, similar to those observed in the field in the sizes and colors. It also revealed that only P. theae had pathogenicity on unwounded tea leaves, and P. theae and P. clavispora showed significantly higher virulence than P. camelliae. Inoculation test with conidium suspension on intact tea leaves in the field further confirmed that P. theae as the pathogen of brown-black spots. Reisolation of the pathogens from diseased leaves confirmed that the symptom was caused by the inoculation of Pestalotiopsis fungi. The P. theae isolates responsible for brown-black spots were also compared with those for tea gray blight disease in growth rate, pathogenicity, and molecular characteristics in parallel. To our knowledge, this is the first report that the Pestalotiopsis fungi cause brown-black spot disease on tender tea leaves. The results provide important implications for the prevention and management of this economically important disease.


Asunto(s)
Ascomicetos , Camellia sinensis , Enfermedades de las Plantas , Hojas de la Planta , Ascomicetos/clasificación , Ascomicetos/aislamiento & purificación , Ascomicetos/fisiología , Camellia sinensis/microbiología , China , Filogenia , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología , Hojas de la Planta/microbiología
19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(5): 756-765, 2016 10 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27752152

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the change of microRNA during the early stage of high phosphorus induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification and its related mechanism. METHODS: The in vitro calcification model was created through stimulating VSMC cell line A7r5 with high Pi (2.6 mmol/L) for 7 d. The calcification was validated through ocresolphthalein complexone colorimetry to detect the cellular calcium content, real-time PCR to measure the calcification-related gene expression and alizarin red staining to observe the formation of calcium nodules. Based on the cell calcification model, microRNA microarray array was applied to screen the profiles of microRNA expression in VSMC following high Pi stimulation for different periods (0, 3 and 12 h). The array data were analyzed by TAM tool to explore the activated signaling pathway. RESULTS: The calcium content of A7r5 cells induced by high Pi was increased 9.6 times high as cells without Pi treatment (P<0.05). VSMC contractile phenotype genes (SM-α actin, SM22) were down-regulated (P<0.05), while calcification-related genes (BMP2, MSX2, Runx2) were up-regulated (P<0.05) in VSMC stimulated by high Pi. The calcium nodules were obviously formed in cells after 7 d high Pi treatment. In microarray experiment, 680 individual microRNAs were detected in high Pi-treated VSMCs at different time points (0, 3 and 12 h). Among these genes, miR-183, miR-664 and miR-9* were increased whereas miR-542-5P, let-7f and miR-29a were decreased in time-dependent manners. Twenty-six kinds of signaling pathways, including cell apoptosis, differentiation and proliferation, were significantly activated. All these activated pathways were associated with calcification. CONCLUSION: This study implies that microRNA changed in high Pi-induced VSMCs may involve in the process of calcification.


Asunto(s)
Regulación de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , MicroARNs/farmacología , MicroARNs/fisiología , Músculo Liso Vascular/química , Músculo Liso Vascular/efectos de los fármacos , Miocitos del Músculo Liso/química , Miocitos del Músculo Liso/efectos de los fármacos , Calcificación Vascular/genética , Calcificación Vascular/fisiopatología , Actinas , Animales , Apoptosis/fisiología , Proteína Morfogenética Ósea 2/metabolismo , Calcio/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular/fisiología , Línea Celular , Proliferación Celular/fisiología , Células Cultivadas/efectos de los fármacos , Colorimetría , Subunidad alfa 1 del Factor de Unión al Sitio Principal , Regulación hacia Abajo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica/genética , Proteínas de Homeodominio , Proteínas de Microfilamentos , Proteínas Musculares , Músculo Liso Vascular/fisiopatología , Miocitos del Músculo Liso/fisiología , Fósforo/fisiología , Ratas , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Regulación hacia Arriba
20.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 46(4): 204-206, 2016 Jul 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27760669

RESUMEN

The theory of warm disease is basically founded in Su wen (Plain Questions) , with its basis laid down, and developed to mature in the Qing Dynasty. In addition to the developmental rules of medical science itself and the epidemics of warm disease at the turn of the Ming-Qing Dynasties, this theory rapidly developed and became an independent theory, the adoption of methodology of textual research also played an indispensable role. Specialists of warm disease sorted out, checked, and revised previous works, with discerning, annotating all terms and nomenclatures to raise questions, solvingdifficulties, strengthening the integrity, reliability, and precision of works on warm disease, thus deepened the knowledge of the nature of warm disease, promoted the formation of the specific system of diagnosis and treatment for the learning of warm disease.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China/historia , China , Epidemias , Historia Medieval , Conocimiento , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
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