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1.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1367086, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606018

RESUMEN

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder with no effective interventions for curing or modifying its progression. However, emerging research suggests that vitamin A in the diet may play a role in both the prevention and treatment of AD, although the exact mechanisms are not fully understood. Objectives: This study aims to investigate the dietary vitamin A modifies the gut microbiota and intestinal tissue transcriptome, impacting intestinal permeability and the release of inflammatory factors, thereby influencing Aß pathology shedding light on its potential as a dietary intervention for AD prevention and treatment. Methods: The APP/PS1-AD mouse model was employed and divided into three dietary groups: vitamin A-deficient (VAD), normal vitamin A (VAN), and vitamin A-supplemented (VAS) for a 12-week study. Neurobehavioral functions were assessed using the Morris Water Maze Test (MWM). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to quantify levels of Diamine Oxidase (DAO), D-lactate, IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-a cytokines. Serum vitamin A levels were analyzed via LC-MS/MS analysis. Immunohistochemical analysis and morphometry were performed to evaluate the deposition of Aß in brain tissue. The gut microbiota of APP/PS1 mice was analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. Additionally, transcriptomic analysis was conducted on intestinal tissue from APP/PS1 mice. Results: No significant changes in food intake and body weight were observed among the groups. However, the VAD and VAS groups showed reduced food intake compared to the VAN group at various time points. In terms of cognitive function, the VAN group performed better in the Morris Water Maze Test, indicating superior learning and memory abilities. The VAD and VAS groups exhibited impaired performance, with the VAS group performing relatively better than the VAD group. Serum vitamin A concentrations differed significantly among the groups, with the VAS group having the highest concentration. Aß levels were significantly higher in the VAD group compared to both the VAN and VAS groups. Microbial analysis revealed that the VAS and VAN groups had higher microbial diversity than the VAD group, with specific taxa characterizing each group. The VAN group was characterized by taxa such as Actinohacteriota and Desulfovibrionaceae, while the VAD group was characterized by Parabacteroides and Tannerellaceae. The VAS group showed similarities with both VAN and VAD groups, with taxa like Desulfobacterota and Desulfovibrionaceae being present. The VAD vs. VAS, VAD vs. VAN, and VAS vs. VAN comparisons identified 571, 313, and 243 differentially expressed genes, respectively, which associated with cellular and metabolic processes, and pathway analysis revealed enrichment in pathways related to chemical carcinogenesis, drug metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and immune-related processes. The VAD group exhibited higher levels of D-lactate, diamine oxidase, and inflammatory cytokines (TNF-a, IL-1ß, IL-6) compared to the VAN and VAS groups. Conclusion: Dietary vitamin A supplementation modulates the gut microbiota, intestinal permeability, inflammatory factors, and Aß protein formation, offering insights into the pathogenesis of AD and potential therapeutic avenues for further exploration. This research highlights the intricate interplay between diet, gut microbiota, and neurodegenerative processes, emphasizing the importance of dietary interventions in managing AD-related pathologies.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172270, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583627

RESUMEN

Recent studies show that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from urban landscape water are significant and cannot be overlooked, underscoring the need to develop effective strategies for mitigating GHG production from global freshwater systems. Calcium peroxide (CaO2) is commonly used as an eco-friendly reagent for controlling eutrophication in water bodies, but whether CaO2 can reduce GHG emissions remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of CaO2 dosage on the production of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in urban landscape water under anoxic conditions during summer. The findings reveal that CaO2 addition not only improved the physicochemical and organoleptic properties of simulated urban landscape water but also reduced N2O production by inhibiting the activity of denitrifying bacteria across various dosages. Moreover, CaO2 exhibited selective effects on methanogens. Specifically, the abundance of acetoclastic methanogen Methanosaeta and methylotrophic methanogen Candidatus_Methanofastidiosum increased whereas the abundance of the hydrogenotrophic methanogen Methanoregula decreased at low, medium, and high dosages, leading to higher CH4 production at increased CaO2 dosage. A comprehensive multi-objective evaluation indicated that an optimal dosage of 60 g CaO2/m2 achieved 41.21 % and 84.40 % reductions in CH4 and N2O production, respectively, over a 50-day period compared to the control. This paper not only introduces a novel approach for controlling the production of GHGs, such as CH4 and N2O, from urban landscape water but also suggests a methodology for optimizing CaO2 dosage, providing valuable insights for its practical application.


Asunto(s)
Metano , Óxido Nitroso , Peróxidos , Calidad del Agua , Metano/análisis , Óxido Nitroso/análisis , Peróxidos/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Gases de Efecto Invernadero/análisis
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1517-1525, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621935

RESUMEN

Cervi Cornu is the ossified antler, or the base antler that falls off in the spring of the following year after the pilose antler is sawn off from Cervus elaphus or C. nippon, as a precious traditional Chinese medicine, has been recognized for its medicinal value and widely used in clinical practice. However, the origins of Cervi Cornu are miscellaneous, and Cervi Cornu is even mixed with adulterants in the market. Currently, there is a shortage of ways to identify Cervi Cornu and no standard to control the quality of Cervi Cornu. So it is valuable to develop a way to effectively identify Cervi Cornu from the adulterants. In this study, the differences in the mitochondrial barcode cytochrome b(Cytb) gene sequences of C. elaphus, C. nippon and their related species were compared and the specific single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) sites on the Cytb sequences of Cervi Cornu were screened out. According to the screened SNPs, Cervi Cornu-specific primers dishmy-F and dishmy-R were designed. The PCR system was established and optimized, and the tolerance and feasibility of Taq polymerases and PCR systems affecting the repeatability of the PCR method were investigated. The amplification products of C. elaphus and C. nippon were digested using the restriction enzyme MseⅠ. The results showed that after electrophoresis of the product from PCR with the annealing temperature of 56 ℃ and 35 cycles, a single specific band at about 100 bp was observed for C. elaphus samples, and the product of C. elaphus samples was 60 bp shorter than that of C. nippon samples. There was no band for adulterants from other similar species such as Alces alces, Rangifer tarandus, Odocoileus virginianus, O. hemionus, Cap-reolus pygargus, Przewalskium albirostis and negative controls. The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP) method established in this study can quickly and accurately identify Cervi Cornu originated from C. elaphus in crude drugs, standard decoctions, and formula granules, and distinguish the origins of Cervi Cornu products, i.e., C. nippon and similar species. This study can be a reference for other studies on the quality standard of other formula granules of traditional Chinese medicines.


Asunto(s)
Cornus , Ciervos , Animales , Polimorfismo de Longitud del Fragmento de Restricción , Cornus/genética , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa/métodos , Ciervos/genética , Cartilla de ADN
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1293953, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577575

RESUMEN

Background: The effect of surgery on advanced prostate cancer (PC) is unclear and predictive model for postoperative survival is lacking yet. Methods: We investigate the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, to collect clinical features of advanced PC patients. According to clinical experience, age, race, grade, pathology, T, N, M, stage, size, regional nodes positive, regional nodes examined, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, history of malignancy, clinical Gleason score (composed of needle core biopsy or transurethral resection of the prostate specimens), pathological Gleason score (composed of prostatectomy specimens) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) are the potential predictive variables. All samples are divided into train cohort (70% of total, for model training) and test cohort (30% of total, for model validation) by random sampling. We then develop neural network to predict advanced PC patients' overall. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) is used to evaluate model's performance. Results: 6380 patients, diagnosed with advanced (stage III-IV) prostate cancer and receiving surgery, have been included. The model using all collected clinical features as predictors and based on neural network algorithm performs best, which scores 0.7058 AUC (95% CIs, 0.7021-0.7068) in train cohort and 0.6925 AUC (95% CIs, 0.6906-0.6956) in test cohort. We then package it into a Windows 64-bit software. Conclusion: Patients with advanced prostate cancer may benefit from surgery. In order to forecast their overall survival, we first build a clinical features-based prognostic model. This model is accuracy and may offer some reference on clinical decision making.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Pronóstico , Biopsia con Aguja Gruesa , Redes Neurales de la Computación
5.
Water Res ; 254: 121430, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461607

RESUMEN

Proper treatment of hypersaline and nutrient-rich food industry process water (FIPW) is challenging in conventional wastewater plants. Insufficient treatment leads to serious environmental hazards. However, bioremediation of FIPW with an indigenous microbial community can not only recover nutrients but generate biomass of diverse applications. In this study, monoculture of Halamphora coffeaeformis, together with synthetic bacteria isolated from a local wastewater plant, successfully recovered 91% of NH4+-N, 78% of total nitrogen, 95% of total phosphorus as well as 82% of total organic carbon from medium enriched with 10% FIPW. All identified organic acids and amino acids, except oxalic acid, were completely removed after 14 days treatment. A significantly higher biomass concentration (1.74 g L-1) was achieved after 14 days treatment in the medium with 10% FIPW than that in a nutrient-replete lab medium as control. The harvested biomass could be a potential feedstock for high-value biochemicals and fertilizer production, due to fucoxanthin accumulation (3 mg g-1) and a fantastic performance in P assimilation. Metagenomic analysis revealed that bacteria community in the algal system, dominated by Psychrobacter and Halomonas, also contributed to the biomass accumulation and uptake of nutrients. Transcriptomic analysis further disclosed that multiple pathways, involved in translation, folding, sorting and degradation as well as transport and catabolism, were depressed in H. coffeaeformis grown in FIPW-enriched medium, as compared to the control. Collectively, the proposed one-step strategy in this work offers an opportunity to achieve sustainable wastewater management and a way towards circular economy.


Asunto(s)
Diatomeas , Microalgas , Microbiota , Aguas Residuales , Biodegradación Ambiental , Agua/análisis , Fósforo/análisis , Bacterias/genética , Bacterias/metabolismo , Industria de Alimentos , Nutrientes/análisis , Biomasa , Microalgas/metabolismo , Nitrógeno/metabolismo
6.
Dig Dis Sci ; 69(4): 1143-1155, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421507

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). In order to explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on intestinal mucosal barrier, this study observed the effect of EA on aquaporins (AQPs), tight junctions (TJs), NF-κB pathway and the gut microbiota in IBS-D rats. METHODS: The IBS-D model was established by acetic acid enema combined with chronic restraint method. The effects of EA on the treatment of IBS-D were examined by the abdominal withdrawal reflex score, Bristol's fecal character score, fecal water content, small intestine propulsion rate and HE staining. AQPs, TJs and inflammation-related molecular mechanisms were explored. The fecal samples were applied for 16S rRNA sequencing to assess the effect of EA intervention to the intestinal bacterial abundance. RESULTS: EA reduced intestinal sensitization, restored intestinal motility and improved inflammatory cell infiltration. Furthermore, EA improved intestinal inflammation and flora environment significantly, inhibited NF-κB signaling and inflammatory factors (IL-1ß and TNF-α). It can also increase the gene and protein expression of AQPs (AQP1, AQP3, and AQP8) and the gene levels of TJs (ZO-1 and Occludin). CONCLUSION: EA has an inhibitory effect on the NF-κB signaling pathway, and regulates the proteins of AQP1, AQP3, AQP8, and TJs to restore the balance of water metabolism and intestinal permeability in IBS-D, which also restored the function of the intestinal mucosa by regulating the intestinal flora.


Asunto(s)
Acuaporinas , Electroacupuntura , Síndrome del Colon Irritable , Ratas , Animales , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Funcion de la Barrera Intestinal , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Diarrea , Acuaporinas/metabolismo , Inflamación , Agua
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4166, 2024 02 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378791

RESUMEN

In light of the prevalent issues concerning the mechanical grading of fresh tea leaves, characterized by high damage rates and poor accuracy, as well as the limited grading precision through the integration of machine vision and machine learning (ML) algorithms, this study presents an innovative approach for classifying the quality grade of fresh tea leaves. This approach leverages an integration of image recognition and deep learning (DL) algorithm to accurately classify tea leaves' grades by identifying distinct bud and leaf combinations. The method begins by acquiring separate images of orderly scattered and randomly stacked fresh tea leaves. These images undergo data augmentation techniques, such as rotation, flipping, and contrast adjustment, to form the scattered and stacked tea leaves datasets. Subsequently, the YOLOv8x model was enhanced by Space pyramid pooling improvements (SPPCSPC) and the concentration-based attention module (CBAM). The established YOLOv8x-SPPCSPC-CBAM model is evaluated by comparing it with popular DL models, including Faster R-CNN, YOLOv5x, and YOLOv8x. The experimental findings reveal that the YOLOv8x-SPPCSPC-CBAM model delivers the most impressive results. For the scattered tea leaves, the mean average precision, precision, recall, and number of images processed per second rates of 98.2%, 95.8%, 96.7%, and 2.77, respectively, while for stacked tea leaves, they are 99.1%, 99.1%, 97.7% and 2.35, respectively. This study provides a robust framework for accurately classifying the quality grade of fresh tea leaves.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Aprendizaje Automático , Recuerdo Mental , Hojas de la Planta ,
8.
Poult Sci ; 103(4): 103521, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367470

RESUMEN

The objective of this study is to investigate the beneficial effects and underlying mechanism of dietary ß-mannanase supplementation on the productive performance of laying hens fed with metabolic energy (ME)-reduced diets. A total of 448 Hy-Line gray laying hens were randomly assigned to seven groups. Each group had 8 replicates with 8 hens. The groups included a control diet (CON) with a ME of 2750 kcal/Kg, diets reduced by 100 kcal/Kg or 200 kcal/Kg ME (ME_100 or ME_200), and diets with 0.15 g/Kg or 0.2 g/Kg ß-mannanase (ME_100+ß-M_0.15, ME_100+ß-M_0.2, ME_200+ß-M_0.15, and ME_200+ß-M_0.2). The productive performance, egg quality, intestinal morphology, inflammatory response, mRNA expression related to the Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and AMPK pathway, and cecum microbiome were evaluated in this study. ME-reduced diets negatively impacted the productive performance of laying hens. However, supplementation with ß-mannanase improved FCR, decreased ADFI, and restored average egg weight to the level of the CON group. ME-reduced diets increased the levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-6 while decreasing the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the jejunum of laying hens. However, dietary ß-mannanase supplementation improved jejunum morphology, reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine concentrations, and increased levels of anti-inflammatory factors in laying hens fed with ME-reduced diets. The mRNA levels of IL-6, IFN-γ, TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB in the jejunum of ME-reduced diets were significantly higher than that in CON, dietary ß-mannanase supplementation decreased these genes expression in laying hens fed with ME-reduced diets. Moreover, dietary ß-mannanase supplementation also decreased the mRNA levels of AMPKα and AMPKγ, and increased the abundance of mTOR in the jejunum of laying hens fed with ME-reduced diets. Cecum microbiota analysis revealed that dietary ß-mannanase increased the abundance of various beneficial bacteria (e.g., g_Pseudoflavonifractor, g_Butyricicoccus, and f_Lactobacillaceae) in laying hens fed with ME-reduced diets. In conclusion, dietary ß-mannanase supplementation could improve the productive performance of laying hens fed with a ME-reduced diet by improving intestinal morphology, alleviating intestinal inflammation, changing energy metabolism-related signaling pathways, and increasing cecum-beneficial microbiota.


Asunto(s)
Microbiota , beta-Manosidasa , Animales , Femenino , Pollos/fisiología , Interleucina-6 , FN-kappa B , Dieta/veterinaria , Ciego , Metabolismo Energético , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Suplementos Dietéticos/análisis , Inflamación/veterinaria , ARN Mensajero
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(9): 5062-5072, 2024 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377574

RESUMEN

Modern poultry production is stressful for the birds, and this stress is recognized as a major cause of inferior meat quality. Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a plant phenolic acid, has excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The antioxidant capacity and phosphoproteomics of immunologically stressed broiler breast muscle were assessed to elucidate the mechanism of the beneficial effects of CGA on meat quality. Dietary CGA decreased drip and cooking loss, postmortem pH and antioxidant capacity of breast muscle from stressed broilers, and increased MyHC-I mRNA levels. Quantitative phosphoproteomics revealed that CGA supplementation downregulated the phosphorylation of myofibrillar proteins, glycolytic enzymes, and endoplasmic reticulum proteins involved in homeostasis, which contributed to improving the meat quality of broilers. Moreover, 14 phosphorylation sites (e.g., P13538-Ser1236 and F1NN63-Ser117) in 13 phosphoproteins were identified as key regulators of processes related to broiler meat quality. Together, these findings provide novel regulatory targets and nutritional strategies for improving the stressed broiler meat quality.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Suplementos Dietéticos , Animales , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Dietéticos/análisis , Ácido Clorogénico/metabolismo , Pollos/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Alimentación Animal/análisis , Dieta/veterinaria , Carne/análisis
10.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 21, 2024 Jan 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178115

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of Qingpeng ointment (QPO), a Tibetan medicine for alleviating symptoms in individuals with acute gouty arthritis (AGA). METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that involved individuals with AGA whose joint pain, as measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) from 0 to 10, was equal to or greater than 3. The participants were randomly assigned to either the QPO or the placebo group and received their respective treatments twice daily for seven consecutive days. In case of intolerable pain, the participants were allowed to use diclofenac sodium sustained-release tablets as a rescue medicine. The primary outcomes measured were joint pain and swelling, while the secondary outcomes included joint mobility, redness, serum uric acid levels, C-reactive protein levels, and the amount of remaining rescue medicine. Any adverse events that occurred during the trial were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 203 cases were divided into two groups, with balanced baselines: 102 in the QPO group and 101 in the placebo group. For joint pain, differences between the groups were notable in the VAS scores [1.75 (0, 3.00) versus 2.00 (1.00, 3.50); P = 0.038], changes in VAS [5.00 (3.00, 6.00) versus 4.00 (2.00, 6.00); P = 0.036], and disappearance rate [26.47% compared to 15.84%; P = 0.046] after treatment. Concerning joint swelling, significant between-group differences were observed in the VAS scores [1.00 (0, 2.30) versus 2.00 (0.70, 3.00); P = 0.032] and disappearance rate [33.33% compared to 21.78%; P = 0.046] at treatment completion. The QPO group exhibited a statistically significant mobility improvement compared to the placebo group (P = 0.004). No significant differences were found in other secondary outcomes. Five patients, four from the QPO group and one from the other, encountered mild adverse events, primarily skin irritation. All of these cases were resolved after dosage reduction or discontinuation of the medication. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the placebo, QPO exhibits positive effects on AGA by alleviating pain, reducing swelling, and enhancing joint mobility, without causing significant adverse effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN34355813. Registered on 25/01/2021.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Gotosa , Humanos , Artritis Gotosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Pomadas/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana/efectos adversos , Ácido Úrico , Dolor/tratamiento farmacológico , Artralgia
11.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 92: 103884, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171225

RESUMEN

Depression is a common mental disorder caused by the interaction of social, psychological, and biological factors. Treatments include psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and other therapies, but they have limitations. Particularly, the COVID-19 pandemic may have a negative impact on depressed people. Thus, developing more potential treatments for depression has currently been an urgent challenge. A growing number of studies have found that acupressure is effective in relieving the symptoms of depression. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupressure in people with depression. English (PubMed, CENTRAL, EMBASE, APA PsycINFO, and CINAHL) and Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP), ClinicalTrials.gov and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on patients diagnosed with depression from study inception until March 31, 2023. Studies that compared acupressure with sham acupressure, conventional treatments (i.e., medication, usual care, etc.), and acupressure as an adjunct to conventional treatment for depression were included. The primary outcome was depression level measured using the Hamilton Depression Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, or Geriatric Depression Scale. A total of 19 RCTs involving 1686 participants were included. The pooled results showed that acupressure exhibited a significant beneficial effect on reducing the severity of depression compared with sham acupressure and served as an adjunct to conventional treatment, although the evidence level was moderate. Thus, acupressure may be a potential treatment for depression.


Asunto(s)
Acupresión , Terapia por Acupuntura , Trastornos Psicóticos , Humanos , Anciano , Depresión/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos
12.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 23(1): 70-79, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648167

RESUMEN

To analyze and evaluate the clinical efficacy of Chinese and Western medical techniques in the treatment of severe diabetic foot ulcers complicated with necrotizing fasciitis of the lower leg and summarize the treatment experience of such patients to identify a new method of limb salvage treatment. A total of 46 patients with severe diabetic foot ulcers and necrotizing fasciitis of the lower leg were treated with such techniques as surgical debridement, bone drilling, open joint fusion, and microskin implantation. Wounds were treated with moisture-exposed burn therapy (a regenerative medical treatment for burns, wounds, and ulcers) and moisture-exposed burn ointment (a traditional Chinese medicine); underlying diseases were also treated effectively. The wound healing time, rate of high amputation, and mortality of these patients were summarized, and the clinical efficacy of such treatments was evaluated. Of the 46 patients enrolled, 38 patients were cured, with a cure rate of 82.61%. The average wound healing time was 130 ± 74.37 days. Two patients underwent high amputations, with an amputation rate of 4.35%, and 4 deaths occurred, with a mortality rate of 8.70%. The combination of Chinese and Western medical techniques in the treatment of severe diabetic foot ulcers complicated with necrotizing fasciitis of the lower leg not only effectively saved patients' lives and promoted wound healing but also greatly reduced the rates of high amputation and disability.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Pie Diabético , Fascitis Necrotizante , Humanos , Pierna , Fascitis Necrotizante/complicaciones , Fascitis Necrotizante/diagnóstico , Fascitis Necrotizante/cirugía , Pie Diabético/complicaciones , Pie Diabético/diagnóstico , Pie Diabético/cirugía , Extremidad Inferior , Amputación Quirúrgica
13.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 13(4): e2302058, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37972607

RESUMEN

Medical device-associated infections (MDAI) caused by planktonic pathogens are of serious concern worldwide due to the emergence of drug resistance resulting from continuous overuse or misuse of antibiotics. Therefore, the design of non-antibiotics-based treatment for MDAI is of crucial importance. Black phosphorus (BP), a novel 2D material, has recently received much attention owing to its remarkable physical, chemical, mechanical, and functional features. However, the intricacy of the fabrication process has severely hampered the development of BP in prospective applications. In this study, a simple and eco-friendly liquid-phase exfoliation method of phytic acid (PA)-promoted exfoliation of BP nanosheets (PA@BP NSs) is developed for their potential application in antibacterial photothermal therapy. To impart the antimicrobial effects, the polydimethylsiloxane surfaces are functionalized with quaternized polymer (polyquaternium-2 or PQ) and PA@BP NSs, leading to the formation of PA-BP-PQ composite coatings. In addition to the contact-killing antibacterial effect of the cationic PQ, the PA-BP-PQ coating exhibits remarkable near-infrared irradiation-triggered bactericidal effects with low cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. This study proposes a simple liquid-phase exfoliation technique for the fabrication of BP NSs and a one-step approach for the construction of PA-BP-PQ composite coatings for bi-modal (contact-killing and photothermal) antimicrobial therapy.


Asunto(s)
Indanos , Fósforo , Ácido Fítico , Ácido Fítico/farmacología , Fósforo/farmacología , Fototerapia/métodos , Antibacterianos/farmacología
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 393: 130172, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38086464

RESUMEN

Hypersaline pickled mustard wastewater (PMW), a typical food wastewater with high nutrient content, was successfully bioremediated via the co-treatment of Chaetoceros muelleri and indigenous bacteria in this study. Chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen and total phosphorus in 10 % PMW could be effectively reduced by 82 %, 90 %, 94 % and 96 %, respectively, after 12 days treatment. Oxygen species activities, malondialdehyde content, microalgal biomass, photosynthesis and extracellular polymeric substances were characterized during the treatment to determine the responses of the consortium when exposed to different concentration of PMW. Microbial community analysis demonstrated a significant increase in the relative abundance of Halomonas and Marinobacter in the 10 % PMW after 12 days treatment, which was beneficial for nutrients recycling by the diatoms. Meanwhile, C. muelleri was effective in reducing the relative abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria Malaciobacter. In conclusion, the work here offers a promising and environmentally friendly approach for hypersaline wastewater treatment.


Asunto(s)
Diatomeas , Microalgas , Aguas Residuales , Planta de la Mostaza , Nutrientes , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Biomasa
15.
Inflammopharmacology ; 32(1): 229-247, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38012459

RESUMEN

Recently, a global outbreak of COVID-19 has rapidly spread to various national regions. As the number of COVID-19 patients has increased, some of those infected with SARS-CoV-2 have developed a variety of psychiatric symptoms, including depression, cognitive impairment, and fatigue. A distinct storm of inflammatory factors that contribute to the initial disease but also a persistent post-acute phase syndrome has been reported in patients with COVID-19. Neuropsychological symptoms including depression, cognitive impairment, and fatigue are closely related to circulating and local (brain) inflammatory factors. Natural products are currently being examined for their ability to treat numerous complications caused by COVID-19. Among them, ginseng has anti-inflammatory, immune system stimulating, neuroendocrine modulating, and other effects, which may help improve psychiatric symptoms. This review summarizes the basic mechanisms of COVID-19 pneumonia, psychiatric symptoms following coronavirus infections, effects of ginseng on depression, restlessness, and other psychiatric symptoms associated with post-COVID syn-dromes, as well as possible mechanisms underlying these effects.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Panax , Humanos , Depresión/tratamiento farmacológico , COVID-19/complicaciones , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatiga
16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 269: 115769, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38039856

RESUMEN

Prenatal exposure to methamphetamine (METH) is an issue of global concern due to its adverse effects on offspring, particularly its impact on liver health, an area still not fully understood. Inulin, a recognized prebiotic, is thought to potentially ameliorate these developmental disorders and toxic injuries in progeny. To investigate the effects of prenatal METH exposure on the liver and the role of gut microbiota, we established a murine model, the subjects of which were exposed to METH prenatally and subsequently treated with inulin. Our findings indicate that prenatal METH exposure causes liver damage in offspring, as evidenced by a decreased liver index, histopathological changes, diminished glycogen synthesis, hepatic dysfunction, and alterations in mRNA profiles. Furthermore, it impairs the antioxidant system and induces oxidative stress, possibly due to changes in cecal microbiota and dysregulation of bile acid homeostasis. However, maternal inulin supplementation appears to restore the gut microbiota in offspring and mitigate the hepatotoxic effects induced by prenatal METH exposure. Our study provides definitive evidence of METH's transgenerational hepatotoxicity and suggests that maternal inulin supplementation could be an effective preventive strategy.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metanfetamina , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Embarazo , Femenino , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Metanfetamina/toxicidad , Inulina/farmacología , Suplementos Dietéticos , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/etiología , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/prevención & control
17.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 38(3): e5801, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110193

RESUMEN

The cause of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unclear. Xiaohuoluo wan (XHLW) is a classical Chinese medicine that is particularly effective in the treatment of RA. Given the chemical composition of XHLW at the overall level has been little studied and the molecular mechanism for the treatment of RA is not clear, we searched for the potential active compounds of XHLW and explored their anti-inflammatory mechanism in the treatment of RA by flexibly integrating the high-resolution ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)-based in vitro and in vivo chemomics, network pharmacology, and other means. The results of the study identified that the active compounds of XHLW, such as alkaloids, nucleosides, and fatty acids, may play an anti-inflammatory role by regulating key targets such as IL-2, STAT1, JAK3, and MAPK8, inducing immune response through IL-17 signaling pathway, T-cell receptor, FoxO, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and so forth, inhibiting the release of inflammatory factors and resisting oxidative stress and other pathways to treat RA. The results of this study provide referable data for the screening of active compounds and the exploration of molecular mechanisms of XHLW in the treatment of RA.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Reumatoide , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Humanos , Farmacología en Red , Cromatografía Liquida , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 324: 117617, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142876

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erzhi pills (EZP), a traditional Chinese medicine formula prescribed for the treatment of vitiligo, has shown promising efficacy. However, the oral bioactive components and mechanisms underlying the promotion of melanogenesis by EZP remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the pharmacological basis and mechanism of EZP in promoting melanogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UHPLC-TOF-MS analysis was used to identify absorbed phytochemicals in serum after oral administration of EZP. Network pharmacology methods were used to predict potential targets and pathways involved in the melanogenic activity of EZP, resulting in the construction of a "compound-target-pathway" network. Zebrafish and B16F10 cells were used to evaluate the effects of EZP on tyrosinase activity and melanin content. Western blot and ELISA analyses were used to validate the effects of EZP on melanogenesis-related proteins, including MITF, TYR, CREB, p-CREB, and cAMP. RESULTS: UHPLC-TOF-MS analysis identified 36 compounds derived from EZP in serum samples. Network pharmacology predictions revealed 89 target proteins associated with the identified compounds and closely related to vitiligo. GO and KEGG analyses indicated the involvement of the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway in the promotion of melanogenesis by EZP. Experimental results showed that EZP increased tyrosinase activity and melanin content in zebrafish and B16F10 cells without inducing toxicity. Western blot and ELISA results suggested that the melanogenic effect of EZP may be related to the activation of the cAMP/PKA signaling pathway. These results confirm the feasibility of combining serum pharmacological and network pharmacological approaches. CONCLUSIONS: EZP have the potential to increase tyrosinase activity and melanin content in zebrafish and cells possibly through activation of the cAMP/PKA pathway.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Melanoma Experimental , Vitíligo , Animales , Melaninas/metabolismo , Pez Cebra , Melanogénesis , Monofenol Monooxigenasa/metabolismo , Melanoma Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Melanoma Experimental/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Factor de Transcripción Asociado a Microftalmía/metabolismo
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 23(1): 878, 2023 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38102568

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) supplementation in standard triple therapy (STT) is effective in eradicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in children. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of S. boulardii supplementation on H. pylori eradication in children. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang database from the beginning up to September 2023. A random-effects model was employed to calculate the pooled relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) through a meta-analysis. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs (involving 2156 patients) were included in our meta-analysis. Results of the meta-analysis indicated that S. boulardii in combination with STT was more effective than STT alone (intention-to-treat analysis : 87.7% vs. 75.9%, RR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.10-1.19, P < 0.00001; per-protocol analysis : 88.5% vs. 76.3%, RR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.10-1.19, P < 0.00001). The S. boulardii supplementation group had a significantly lower incidence of total adverse events (n = 6 RCTs, 9.2% vs. 29.2%, RR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.21-0.48, P < 0.00001), diarrhea (n = 13 RCTs, 14.7% vs. 32.4%, RR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.37-0.56, P < 0.00001), and nausea (n = 11 RCTs, 12.7% vs. 21.3%, RR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.40-0.72, P < 0.0001) than STT group alone. Similar results were also observed in the incidence of vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, abdominal distention, epigastric discomfort, poor appetite and stomatitis. CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence indicated that S. boulardii supplementing with STT could improve the eradication rate of H. pylori, and concurrently decrease the incidence of total adverse events and gastrointestinal adverse events in children.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Probióticos , Saccharomyces boulardii , Niño , Humanos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Infecciones por Helicobacter/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Helicobacter/prevención & control , Dolor Abdominal/tratamiento farmacológico , Suplementos Dietéticos , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Probióticos/uso terapéutico
20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(11): 1338-1342, 2023 Aug 19.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37984925

RESUMEN

Meridian-tendon is a central concept in meridian theory of TCM, and its basic research has been increasingly emphasized. While there is no unified understanding of the essence of meridian-tendon, the concept that function of fascia could partially reflect the functions of meridian-tendons has reached consensus in the academic community. This article suggests that under the guidance of meridian-tendon theory, based on previous research foundation of fascia, focusing on adopting fascia research methods, the mechanisms of tender point hyperalgesia and abnormal proliferation related to meridian lesions should be adopted to explain yitong weishu (taking the worst painful sites of muscle spasm as the points), and the mechanisms of meridian intervention efficacy should be adopted to explain yizhi weishu (feelings from patients and acupuncture operators). Furthermore, this article provides an analysis of the future trends in basic research of meridian tendons.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Meridianos , Humanos , Tendones , Dolor , Proyectos de Investigación , Puntos de Acupuntura
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