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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 932-941, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621900

RESUMEN

This study explored the biosynthesis of bufadienolides(BDs) in Bufo bufo gargarizans to solve the dilemma of the decreasing resources of B. bufo gargarizans and provide a theoretical basis for the sustainable utilization of the resources. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS) was employed to detect the synthesis sites of BDs in B. bufo gargarizans, and the results were verified by desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry imaging(DESI-MSI) and homogenate incubation experiments. BDs in B. bufo gargarizans had the highest content in the liver and the highest concentration in the gallbladder, in addition to the parotid gland and skin, which suggested that the liver could synthesize BDs. The results of DESI-MSI also showed that BDs were mainly enriched in the liver rather than the immature parotid gland. The incubation experiment of liver homogenates demonstrated the liver of B. bufo gargarizans had the ability to synthesize BDs. This study showed that the liver was a major organ for the synthesis of BDs in B. bufo gargarizans during metamorphosis, development, and growth, which provided strong theoretical support for the biosynthesis of BDs and the sustainable utilization of B. bufo gargarizans resources.


Asunto(s)
Bufanólidos , Animales , Bufo bufo , Distribución Tisular , Bufonidae , Espectrometría de Masa por Ionización de Electrospray
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 912-923, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621898

RESUMEN

With the promotion of chemical fertilizer and pesticide reduction and green production of traditional Chinese medicines, microbial fertilizers have become a hot way to achieve the zero-growth of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, improve the yield and qua-lity of medicinal plants, maintain soil health, and promote the sustainable development of the planting industry of Chinese herbal medicines. Soil conditions and microenvironments are crucial to the growth, development, and quality formation of medicinal plants. Microbial fertilizers, as environmentally friendly fertilizers acting on the soil, can improve soil quality by replenishing organic matter and promoting the metabolism of beneficial microorganisms to improve the yield and quality of medicinal plants. In this regard, understanding the mechanism of microbial fertilizer in regulating the quality formation of medicinal plants is crucial for the development of herbal eco-agriculture. This study introduces the processes of microbial fertilizers in improving soil properties, participating in soil nutrient cycling, enhancing the resistance of medicinal plants, and promoting the accumulation of medicinal components to summarize the mechanisms and roles of bacterial fertilizers in regulating the quality formation of medicinal plants. Furthermore, this paper introduces the application of bacterial fertilizers in medicinal plants and makes an outlook on their development, with a view to providing a scientific basis for using microbial fertilizers to improve the quality of Chinese herbal medicines, improve the soil environment, promote the sustainable development of eco-agriculture of traditional Chinese medicine, and popularize the application of microbial fertilizers.


Asunto(s)
Plaguicidas , Plantas Medicinales , Fertilizantes , Agricultura , Suelo/química , Bacterias/genética , Extractos Vegetales , Microbiología del Suelo
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 268(Pt 1): 131701, 2024 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643920

RESUMEN

Mulberry (Latin name "Morus alba L.") is a perennial deciduous tree in the family of Moraceae, widely distributed around the world. In China, mulberry is mainly distributed in the south and the Yangtze River basin. Its leaves can be harvested 3-6 times a year, which has a great resource advantage. Mulberry leaves are regarded as the homology of medicine and food traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Polysaccharides, as its main active ingredients, have various effects, such as antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, and immunomodulatory. This review summarizes the research progress in the extraction, purification, structural characterization, and structure-function relationship of polysaccharides from mulberry leaves in the last decade, hoping to provide a reference for the subsequent development and market application of polysaccharides from mulberry leaves.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1017-1027, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621909

RESUMEN

Network pharmacology and animal and cell experiments were employed to explore the mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AST Ⅳ) combined with Panax notoginseng saponins(PNS) in regulating angiogenesis to treat cerebral ischemia. The method of network pharmacology was used to predict the possible mechanisms of AST Ⅳ and PNS in treating cerebral ischemia by mediating angiogenesis. In vivo experiment: SD rats were randomized into sham, model, and AST Ⅳ(10 mg·kg~(-1)) + PNS(25 mg·kg~(-1)) groups, and the model of cerebral ischemia was established with middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) method. AST Ⅳ and PNS were administered by gavage twice a day. the Longa method was employed to measure the neurological deficits. The brain tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE) to reveal the pathological damage. Immunohistochemical assay was employed to measure the expression of von Willebrand factor(vWF), and immunofluorescence assay to measure the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2), VEGFA, phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(p-PI3K), and phosphorylated protein kinase B(p-AKT) in the brain tissue. In vitro experiment: the primary generation of rat brain microvascular endothelial cells(rBEMCs) was cultured and identified. The third-generation rBMECs were assigned into control, model, AST Ⅳ(50 µmol·L~(-1)) + PNS(30 µmol·L~(-1)), LY294002(PI3K/AKT signaling pathway inhibitor), 740Y-P(PI3K/AKT signaling pathway agonist), AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002, and AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P groups. Oxygen glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation(OGD/R) was employed to establish the cell model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. The cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and scratch assay were employed to examine the survival and migration of rBEMCs, respectively. Matrigel was used to evaluate the tube formation from rBEMCs. The Transwell assay was employed to examine endothelial cell permeability. Western blot was employed to determine the expression of VEGFR2, VEGFA, p-PI3K, and p-AKT in rBEMCs. The results of network pharmacology analysis showed that AST Ⅳ and PNS regulated 21 targets including VEGFA and AKT1 of angiogenesis in cerebral infarction. Most of these 21 targets were involved in the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. The in vivo experiments showed that compared with the model group, AST Ⅳ + PNS reduced the neurological deficit score(P<0.05) and the cell damage rate in the brain tissue(P<0.05), promoted the expression of vWF and VEGFA(P<0.01) and angiogenesis, and up-regulated the expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway(P<0.05, P<0.01). The in vitro experiments showed that compared with the model group, the AST Ⅳ + PNS, 740Y-P, AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002, and AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P improved the survival of rBEMCs after OGD/R, enhanced the migration of rBEMCs, increased the tubes formed by rBEMCs, up-regulated the expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and reduced endothelial cell permeability(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the LY294002 group, the AST Ⅳ + PNS + LY294002 group showed increased survival rate, migration rate, and number of tubes, up-regulated expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and decreased endothelial cell permeability(P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the AST Ⅳ + PNS and 740Y-P groups, the AST Ⅳ + PNS + 740Y-P group presented increased survival rate, migration rate, and number of tubes and up-regulated expression of proteins in the PI3K/AKT pathway, and reduced endothelial cell permeability(P<0.01). This study indicates that AST Ⅳ and PNS can promote angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Panax notoginseng , Fragmentos de Péptidos , Receptores del Factor de Crecimiento Derivado de Plaquetas , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Ratas , Animales , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Factor de von Willebrand , Angiogénesis , Farmacología en Red , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas/farmacología , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1343-1352, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621982

RESUMEN

A research strategy combining transcriptome data mining and experimental verification was adopted to identify the marker genes characterizing the syndrome elements of phlegm, stasis, and deficiency in steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head(SONFH). Firstly, the common differentially expressed gene sets of SONFH with the syndromes of phlegm-stasis obstructing collaterals, vessel obstruction, and liver-kidney deficiency were obtained from the clinical transcriptomic analysis of a previous study. The differential expression trend analysis and functional gene mining were then employed to predict the candidate marker gene sets representing phlegm, stasis, and deficiency. The whole blood samples from SONFH patients, whole blood samples from SONFH rats, and affected femoral head tissue samples were collected for qPCR, which aimed to determine the expression levels of the candidate marker genes mentioned above. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) was established to objectively evaluate the syndrome differentiation effectiveness of the candidate marker genes mentioned above. The transcriptome data analysis results showed that the candidate marker genes for phlegm was ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6(ELOVL6), and those for stasis were ankyrin 1(ANK1), glycophorin A/B(GYPA/B), and Rh-associated glycoprotein(RHAG). The candidate marker genes for deficiency were solute carrier family 2 member 1(SLC2A1) and stomatin(STOM). The qPCR results showed that compared with that in the non-SONFH group, ELOVL6 had the lowest expression level in the peripheral blood of the SONFH patients with the syndrome of phlegm-stasis obstructing collaterals(P<0.05). Compared with that in the normal control group, ELOVL6 had the lowest expression level in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 4 weeks(P<0.01), and it showed better syndrome differentiation effectiveness of rats modeled for 4 weeks(AUC=0.850, P=0.006) than at other modeling time points(8, 12, 16, and 21 weeks, AUC of 0.689, 0.766, 0.588, and 0.662, respectively). Compared with that in the non-SONFH group, the expression levels of ANK1, GYPA, and RHAG were the lowest in the peripheral blood of SONFH patients with the vessel obstruction syndrome(P<0.05). The expression levels of the three genes were the lowest in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 12 weeks(P<0.05, P<0.01), and their syndrome differentiation effectiveness in the rats modeled for 12 weeks(GYPA: AUC=0.861, P=0.012; ANK1: AUC=0.855, P=0.006; RHAG: AUC=0.854, P=0.009) was superior to that for 4, 8, 16, and 21 weeks(GYPA: AUC=0.646, 0.573, 0.691, and 0.617, respectively; ANK: AUC1=0.630, 0.658, 0.657, and 0.585, respectively; RHAG: AUC=0.592, 0.511, 0.515, and 0.536, respectively). Compared with the non-SONFH group, both SLC2A1 and STOM had the lowest expression levels in the peripheral blood of patients with the syndrome of liver and kidney deficiency(P<0.05). Compared with the normal control group, their expression levels were the lowest in the peripheral blood and affected femoral head tissue of SONFH rats modeled for 21 weeks(P<0.05, except STOM in the peripheral blood of rats). Moreover, the syndrome differentiation effectiveness of SLC2A1 in the rats modeled for 21 weeks(AUC=0.806, P=0.009) was superior to that for 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks(AUC=0.520, 0.580, 0.741, 0.774, respectively), and STOM was meaningless in syndrome differentiation. In summary, the candidate marker gene for phlegm in SONFH is ELOVL6; the candidate marker genes for stasis are GYPA, RHAG, and ANK1; the candidate marker gene for deficiency is SLC2A1. The results help to reveal the biological connotations of phlegm, stasis, and deficiency in SONFH at the genetic level.


Asunto(s)
Experimentación Animal , Osteonecrosis , Enfermedades Vasculares , Humanos , Ratas , Animales , Transcriptoma , Cabeza Femoral , Síndrome , Esteroides/efectos adversos
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581336

RESUMEN

This paper comprehensively analyzes the caregiver burden and its influencing factors on primary caregivers in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Auto-HSCT) with bendamustine preconditioning. Auto-HSCT refers to the transplantation of cells back to the patient, aiming to eliminate tumor cells and prolong the patient's life. Bendamustine, while enhancing the success rate of transplantation, has drawn considerable attention to the primary caregivers of patients. Due to the complex nature of the transplantation process, patients have diverse caregiving needs, which caregivers must address to support the entire treatment journey. The caregiver burden of primary caregivers is influenced by various factors, including the patient's disease condition, various aspects of the caregiver as an individual, and psychological factors. The article emphasizes the need for personalized care plans and psychological support to minimize caregiver burden and improve overall quality of life. This study has positive implications for optimizing the implementation of Auto-HSCT therapy.

7.
Chin J Nat Med ; 22(4): 341-355, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658097

RESUMEN

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder marked by persistent synovial inflammation and joint degradation, posing challenges in the development of effective treatments. Nuciferine, an alkaloid found in lotus leaf, has shown promising anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects, yet its efficacy in RA treatment remains unexplored. This study investigated the antiproliferative effects of nuciferine on the MH7A cell line, a human RA-derived fibroblast-like synoviocyte, revealing its ability to inhibit cell proliferation, promote apoptosis, induce apoptosis, and cause G1/S phase arrest. Additionally, nuciferine significantly reduced the migration and invasion capabilities of MH7A cells. The therapeutic potential of nuciferine was further evaluated in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model, where it markedly alleviated joint swelling, synovial hyperplasia, cartilage injury, and inflammatory infiltration. Nuciferine also improved collagen-induced bone erosion, decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines and serum immunoglobulins (IgG, IgG1, IgG2a), and restored the balance between T helper (Th) 17 and regulatory T cells in the spleen of CIA rats. These results indicate that nuciferine may offer therapeutic advantages for RA by decreasing the proliferation and invasiveness of FLS cells and correcting the Th17/Treg cell imbalance in CIA rats.


Asunto(s)
Aporfinas , Proliferación Celular , Sinoviocitos , Linfocitos T Reguladores , Células Th17 , Animales , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Sinoviocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Ratas , Humanos , Células Th17/efectos de los fármacos , Células Th17/inmunología , Linfocitos T Reguladores/efectos de los fármacos , Linfocitos T Reguladores/inmunología , Aporfinas/farmacología , Artritis Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Artritis Experimental/inmunología , Masculino , Artritis Reumatoide/tratamiento farmacológico , Artritis Reumatoide/inmunología , Fibroblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Colágeno , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607217

RESUMEN

Background: Acute pancreatitis poses a significant threat in the emergency department due to its rapid and dangerous progression. Without timely and effective treatment measures, there is a heightened risk of advancing to multiple organ failure, posing a serious threat to the life safety of patients. Objective: This study aims to investigate the impact of graded emergency nursing on patients with acute pancreatitis. Design: A randomized controlled experiment was conducted to assess the effectiveness of graded emergency nursing. Setting: The study was conducted in the Emergency Department of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital University. Participants: A total of 112 patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis and admitted to our hospital from June 2021 to December 2022 were randomly assigned to either the observation or control group, with 56 patients in each. Interventions: Patients in the control group received standard emergency nursing care, while those in the observation group underwent graded emergency nursing. Primary Outcome Measures: The study assessed (1) triage time, waiting time, and treatment time, (2) the correct rate of diagnosis and the success rate of rescue, (3) functional status score, and (4) patient satisfaction with nursing care. Results: Compared to the control group, patients in the observation group experienced significantly shorter triage time, waiting time, and treatment time (P < .05). Additionally, the observation group exhibited higher correct rates of diagnosis and success rates of rescue (P < .05). The functional status score in the observation group showed improvement (P < .05), and patients in the observation group reported higher satisfaction with nursing care (P < .05). Conclusions: Graded emergency nursing proves effective in reducing waiting times for diagnosis and treatment in acute pancreatitis patients, enhancing treatment success rates, and improving overall nursing quality. These findings hold valuable implications for clinical application and promotion.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118144, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583732

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gynecological disorders have the characteristics of high incidence and recurrence rate, which sorely affects female's health. Since ancient times, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), especially tonic medicine (TM), has been used to deal with gynecological disorders and has unique advantages in effectiveness and safety. AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this article, we aim to summarize the research progress of TMs in-vivo and in-vitro, including their formulas, single herbs, and compounds, for gynecological disorders treatment in recent years, and to offer a reference for further research on the treatment of gynecological disorders and their clinical application in the treatment of TMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant information on the therapeutic potential of TMs against gynecological disorders was collected from several scientific databases including Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, Google Scholar and other literature sources. RESULTS: So far, there are 46 different formulas, 3 single herbs, and 24 compounds used in the treatment of various gynecological disorders such as premature ovarian failure, endometriosis breast cancer, and so on. Many experimental results have shown that TMs can regulate apoptosis, invasion, migration, oxidative stress, and the immune system. In addition, the effect of TMs in gynecological disorders treatment may be due to the regulation of VEGF, PI3K-AKT, MAPK, NF-κB, and other signaling pathways. Apparently, TMs play an active role in the treatment of gynecological disorders by regulating these signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: TMs have a curative effect on the prevention and treatment of gynecological disorders. It could relieve and treat gynecological disorders through a variety of pathways. Therefore, the appropriate TM treatment program makes it more possible to treat gynecological disorders.

10.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2024 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584358

RESUMEN

Townes-Brocks syndrome (TBS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by the triad of anorectal, thumb, and ear malformations. It may also be accompanied by defects in kidney, heart, eyes, hearing, and feet. TBS has been demonstrated to result from heterozygous variants in the SALL1 gene, which encodes zinc finger protein believed to function as a transcriptional repressor. The clinical characteristics of an atypical TBS phenotype patient from a Chinese family are described, with predominant manifestations including external ear dysplasia, unilateral renal hypoplasia with mild renal dysfunction, and hearing impairment. A novel heterozygous variant c.3060T>A (p.Tyr1020*) in exon 2 of the SALL1 gene was identified in this proband. Pyrosequencing of the complementary DNA of the proband revealed that the variant transcript accounted for 48% of the total transcripts in peripheral leukocytes, indicating that this variant transcript has not undergone nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. This variant c.3060T > A is located at the terminal end of exon 2, proximal to the 3' end of the SALL1 gene, and exerts a relatively minor impact on protein function. We suggest that the atypical TBS phenotype observed in the proband may be attributed to the truncated protein retaining partial SALL1 function.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118110, 2024 Aug 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580189

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Myocardial infarction has likely contributed to the increased prevalence of heart failure(HF).As a result of ventricular remodeling and reduced cardiac function, colonic blood flow decreases, causing mucosal ischemia and hypoxia of the villous structure of the intestinal wall.This damage in gut barrier function increases bowel wall permeability, leading to fluid metabolism disorder,gut microbial dysbiosis, increased gut bacteria translocation into the circulatory system and increased circulating endotoxins, thus promoting a typical inflammatory state.Traditional Chinese Medicine plays a key role in the prevention and treatment of HF.Kidney-tonifying Blood-activating(KTBA) decoction has been proved for clinical treatment of chronic HF.However,the mechanism of KTBA decoction on chronic HF is still unclear. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The effect of KTBA decoction on gut microbiota and metabolites and p38MAPK/p65NF-κB/AQP4 signaling in rat colon was studied to investigate the mechanism that KTBA decoction delays ventricular remodeling and regulates water metabolism disorder in rats with HF after myocardial infarction based on the theory of "Kidney Storing Essence and Conducting Water". MATERIAL AND METHODS: In vivo,a rat model of HF after myocardial infarction was prepared by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery combined with exhaustive swimming and starvation.The successful modeling rats were randomly divided into five groups:model group, tolvaptan group(gavaged 1.35mg/(kg•D) tolvaptan),KTBA decoction group(gavaged 15.75g/(kg•D) of KTBA decoction),KTBA decoction combined with SB203580(p38MAPK inhibitor) group(gavaged 15.75g/(kg•D) of KTBA decoction and intraperitoneally injected 1.5mg/(kg•D) of SB203580),and KTBA decoction combined with PDTC(p65NF-kB inhibitor) group(gavaged 15.75g/(kg•D) of KTBA decoction and intraperitoneally injected 120mg/(kg•D) of PDTC).The sham-operation group and model group were gavaged equal volume of normal saline.After 4 weeks of intervention with KTBA decoction,the effect of KTBA decoction on the cardiac structure and function of chronic HF model rats was observed by ultrasonic cardiogram.General state and cardiac index in rats were evaluated.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration in rat serum.Hematoxylin and eosin(H&E) staining,and transmission electron microscope(TEM) were used to observe the morphology and ultrastructure of myocardial and colonic tissue,and myocardial fibrosis was measured by Masson's staining.Cardiac E-cadherin level was detected by Western blot.The mRNA expression and protein expression levels of p38MAPK,I-κBα, p65NF-κB,AQP4,Occludin and ZO-1 in colonic tissue were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemistry. Protein expression of p38MAPK, p-p38MAPK,I-κBα,p-I-κBα,p65NF-κB, p-p65NF-κB,AQP4,Occludin and ZO-1 in rat colon was detected using Western blot.Colonic microbiota and serum metabolites were respectively analyzed by amplicon sequencing and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.In vitro, CCD-841CoN cell was placed in the ischemic solution under hypoxic conditions (94%N2,5%CO2,and 1%O2) in a 37 °C incubator to establish an ischemia and hypoxia model.The CCD-841CoN cells were divided into 7 groups, namely blank group and model group with normal rat serum plus control siRNA, tolvaptan group with rat serum containing tolvaptan plus control siRNA, KTBA group with rat serum containing KTBA plus control siRNA, KTBA plus p38MAPK siRNA group, KTBA plus p65NF-κB siRNA group,and KTBA plus AQP4siRNA group.After 24h and 48h of intervention with KTBA decoction,RT-qPCR,immunofluorescence and Western blot was used to detect the mRNA expression and protein expression levels of p38MAPK,I-κBα,p65NF-κB,AQP4, Occludin and ZO-1 in CCD-841CoN cells. RESULTS: Compared with the model, KTBA decoction improved the general state, decraesed the serum NT-proBNP level,HW/BW ratio, LVIDd and LVIDs, increased E-cadherin level,EF and FS,reduced number of collagen fibers deposited in the myocardial interstitium,and recovered irregular arrangement of myofibril and swollen or vacuolated mitochondria with broken crista in myocardium.Moreover, KTBA decoction inhibited the expression of p38MAPK,I-κBα,and p65NF-κB and upregulated AQP4, Occludin and ZO-1 in colon tissues and CCD-841CoN cells.Additionally,p38siRNA or SB203580, p65siRNA or PDTC, and AQP4siRNA partially weakened the protective effects of KTBA in vitro and vivo.Notably,The LEfSe analysis results showed that there were six gut biomaker bacteria in model group, including Allobaculum, Bacillales,Turicibacter, Turicibacterales,Turicibacteraceae,and Bacilli. Besides, three gut biomaker bacteria containing Deltaproteobacteria, Desulfovibrionaceae,and Desulfovibrionales were enriched by KTBA treatment in chronic HF model.There were five differential metabolites, including L-Leucine,Pelargonic acid, Capsidiol,beta-Carotene,and L- Erythrulose, which can be regulated back in the same changed metabolic routes by the intervention of KTBA.L-Leucine had the positive correlation with Bacillales, Turicibacterales,Turicibacteraceae,and Turicibacter.L-Leucine significantly impacts Protein digestion and absorption, Mineral absorption,and Central carbon metabolism in cancer regulated by KTBA, which is involved in the expression of MAPK and tight junction in intestinal epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: KTBA decoction manipulates the expression of several key proteins in the p38MAPK/p65NF-κB/AQP4 signaling pathway, modulates gut microbiota and metabolites toward a more favorable profile, improves gut barrier function, delays cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis,and improves cardiac function.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Transducción de Señal , Remodelación Ventricular , Proteínas Quinasas p38 Activadas por Mitógenos , Animales , Remodelación Ventricular/efectos de los fármacos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Proteínas Quinasas p38 Activadas por Mitógenos/metabolismo , Masculino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Ratas , Factor de Transcripción ReIA/metabolismo , Enfermedad Crónica , Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto del Miocardio/patología , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Riñón/efectos de los fármacos , Colon/efectos de los fármacos , Colon/patología , Colon/metabolismo , Acuaporina 4
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(17): 21610-21622, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38647446

RESUMEN

The treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unsatisfactory, owing to the absence of efficacious therapy regimens over decades. However, advances in molecular biology, including inhibiting the CXCR4/CXCL12 biological axis, have introduced novel therapeutic options for AML. Additionally, self-stimulated phototherapy can solve the poor light penetration from external sources, and it will overcome the limitation that traditional phototherapy cannot be applied to the treatment of AML. Herein, we designed and manufactured a self-stimulated photodynamic nanoreactor to enhance antileukemia efficacy and suppress leukemia recurrence and metastasis in AML mouse models. To fulfill our design, we utilized the CXCR4/CXCL12 biological axis and biomimetic cell membranes in conjunction with self-stimulated phototherapy. This nanoreactor possesses the capability to migrate into the bone marrow cavity, inhibit AML cells from infiltrating into the visceral organ, significantly enhance the antileukemia effect, and prolong the survival time of leukemic mice. Therefore, this nanoreactor has significant potential for achieving high success rates and low recurrence rates in leukemia treatment.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Fotoquimioterapia , Receptores CXCR4 , Animales , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inhibidores , Ratones , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patología , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/farmacología , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/uso terapéutico , Línea Celular Tumoral , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacología
13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(1): 219-228, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511459

RESUMEN

Salinization environment affects the normal growth and development of plants, as well as the microbial community in the rhizosphere. To explore the succession dynamics of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere soil of Bletilla striata under salt stress condition, we performed 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing to determine the bacterial community composition and diversity of B. striata in the rhizosphere under different salt stress concentrations, measured the effects of salt stress on the growth and development of B. striata and soil physicochemical pro-perties, and analyzed the correlation between community composition of rhizosphere bacteria and the soil environmental factors. The results showed that compared with the control, salt stress reduced growth rate and health degree of B. striata, and significantly decreased the content of soil organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus. Under the salt stress treatment, species diversity and evenness of the bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of B. striata showed a trend of first decreasing and then increasing. There were significant differences in the relative abundance and variation trends of the dominant bacterial taxa in the rhizosphere soil of B. striata at the phylum and class levels between the control and the salt stress treatments. Salt stress intensity and duration were important factors affecting bacterial community composition in the rhizosphere soil of B. striata. Soil organic matter, available nitrogen, and total phosphorus content were key environmental factors affecting the structure of rhizosphere bacterial community composition. Functional genes related to cytoskeleton, cell motility, substance metabolism and signal transduction mechanisms may be involved in the adaptation and stress response of bacterial communities to salt stress. This study would provide theoretical basis and reference for the cultivation management of B. striatain saline area.


Asunto(s)
Rizosfera , Suelo , Suelo/química , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Bacterias/genética , Estrés Salino , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Microbiología del Suelo
14.
J Cancer ; 15(8): 2110-2122, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495508

RESUMEN

Background: DHEA is a steroid hormone produced by the gonads, adrenal cortex, brain, and gastrointestinal tract. While the anti-obesity, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-cancer, and memory-enhancing effects of DHEA have been substantiated through cell experiments, animal studies, and human trials, the precise mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. Altered mitochondrial dynamics can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, which is closely related to many human diseases, especially cancer and aging. This study was to investigate whether DHEA inhibits lung adenocarcinoma through the mitochondrial pathway and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Through animal experiments and cell experiments, the effect of DHEA on tumor inhibition was determined. The correlation between FASTKD2 expression and DHEA was analyzed by Western blot, Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, Immunohistochemistry, and TCGA database. Results: In this study, DHEA supplementation in the diet can inhibit the tumor size of mice, and the effect of adding DHEA one week before the experiment is the best. DHEA limits the glycolysis process by inhibiting G6PDH activity, increases the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, and initiates apoptosis in the mitochondrial pathway of cancer cells. Conclusion: DHEA suppresses mitochondrial fission and promotes mitochondrial fusion by downregulating the expression of FASTKD2, thereby inhibiting tumor growth and prolonging the overall survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients, which also provides a new target for the prevention and treatment of lung adenocarcinoma.

15.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298529, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483863

RESUMEN

Salidroside (SAL) is a phenol glycoside compound found in plants of the Rhodiola genus which has natural antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. SAL are able to protect against manganese-induced ototoxicity. However, the molecular mechanism by which SAL reduces levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is unclear. Here, we established an in vitro gentamicin (GM) ototoxicity model to observe the protective effect of SAL on GM-induced hair cells (HC) damage. Cochlear explants of postnatal day 4 rats were obtained and randomly divided into six groups: two model groups (treatment with 0.2 mM or 0.4 mM GM for 24 h); two 400 µmol/L SAL-pretreated groups pretreatment with SAL for 3 h followed by GM treatment (0.2 mM or 0.4 mM) for 24 h; 400 µmol/L SAL group (treatment with SAL for 24 h); control group (normal cultured cochlear explants). The protective effects of SAL on GM-induced HC damage, and on mRNA and protein levels of antioxidant enzymes were observed. HC loss occurred after 24 h of GM treatment. Pretreatment with SAL significantly reduced GM-induced OHC loss. In cochlear tissues, mRNA and protein levels of NRF2 and HO-1 were enhanced in the GM alone group compared with the SAL pretreatment GM treatment group. SAL may protect against GM-induced ototoxicity by regulating the antioxidant defense system of cochlear tissues; SAL can activate NRF2/HO-1 signaling, inhibit NF-κB activation, activate AKT, and increase inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK3ß to decrease GSK3 activity, all of which exert antioxidant effects.


Asunto(s)
Gentamicinas , Glucósidos , Ototoxicidad , Ratas , Animales , Gentamicinas/toxicidad , Gentamicinas/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3/metabolismo , Células Ciliadas Auditivas , Cóclea/metabolismo , Fenoles/farmacología , Fenoles/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430142

RESUMEN

Objective: The coracoacromial ligament (CAL) connects the acromion and coracoid process of the scapula. This study aimed to explore the correlation between CAL degeneration and shoulder pathology, specifically focusing on the efficacy of acromioplasty in treating shoulder impingement in patients with varying degrees of CAL degeneration. Methods: 49 patients diagnosed with bursal-side partial rotator cuff tear were assessed for CAL degeneration and categorized into three grades. They were then randomized into acromioplasty and non-acromioplasty groups to compare the outcomes. Acromiohumeral distance (AHD) and fatty infiltration was evaluated on imaging examinations. American Shoulder and Elbow Score (ASES) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was recorded to evaluate the shoulder function before and two years after surgery. Results: Grade III CAL patients demonstrated significantly reduced AHD and increased VAS scores compared to Grades I and II. Post-acromioplasty, Grade III patients showed a statistically significant improvement in ASES scores compared to the non-acromioplasty group. Conclusion: The study indicates that CAL degeneration is a significant indicator of shoulder impingement. Notably, acromioplasty significantly improves shoulder function in patients with severe CAL degeneration, suggesting its potential as a targeted treatment in managing shoulder impingement.

17.
Ital J Pediatr ; 50(1): 38, 2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439015

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae has increased considerably. Treatment in children has become challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of doxycycline therapy for macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children at different periods. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia hospitalized between May 2019 to August 2022. According to treatment, patients were divided into three groups: oral doxycycline treatment alone (DOX group), changed from intravenous azithromycin to oral doxycycline (ATD group), and intravenous azithromycin treatment alone (AZI group). ATD group cases were separated into two sub-groups: intravenous azithromycin treatment<3 days (ATD1 group) and ≥ 3 days (ATD2 group). Clinical symptoms were compared in each group and adjusted by Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. RESULTS: A total of 106 were recruited in this study. 17 (16%) were in DOX group, 58 (55%) in ATD group, and 31(29%) in AZI group. Compared with ATD group and AZI group, the DOX group showed shorter hospitalization duration and fever duration after treatment, while higher rate of chest radiographic improvement. After using PSM analysis, shorter days to hospitalization duration (P = 0.037) and to fever duration after treatment (P = 0.027) in DOX + ATD1 group than in ATD2 group was observed. A higher number of patients in the DOX + ATD1 group achieved defervescence within 72 h (P = 0.031), and fewer children received glucocorticoid adjuvant therapy (P = 0.002). No adverse reactions associated with doxycycline was observed during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Children receiving early oral doxycycline had a shorter duration of fever and hospitalization in macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae patients.


Asunto(s)
Doxiciclina , Neumonía por Mycoplasma , Niño , Humanos , Doxiciclina/uso terapéutico , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Macrólidos/uso terapéutico , Azitromicina , Estudios Retrospectivos , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Neumonía por Mycoplasma/tratamiento farmacológico
18.
Hum Reprod Open ; 2024(2): hoae011, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456064

RESUMEN

STUDY QUESTION: Is there a causal relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and miscarriage? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this study, little evidence of a causal relationship was found between low serum 25OHD concentration or vitamin D deficiency and the risk of miscarriages. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Associations between low vitamin D levels and increased risk of miscarriage have been reported, but causality is unclear. STUDY DESIGN SIZE DURATION: The latest and largest genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for serum 25OHD concentration (n = 417 580), vitamin D deficiency (426 cases and 354 812 controls), miscarriage (16 906 cases and 149 622 controls), and the number of miscarriages (n = 78 700) were used to explore the causal association between serum vitamin D levels and miscarriage by two-sample Mendelian randomization analysis. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS SETTING METHODS: This study was based on summary GWAS results from the FinnGen database and the UK Biobank. The random-effect inverse-variance weighted method was regarded as the primary analysis; MR-Egger, weighted median, weighted mode, simple mode, and MR-pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) were further employed as complementary methods. MR-Egger intercept analysis and MR-PRESSO were employed to test pleiotropy, and Cochran's Q statistic and leave-one-out sensitivity analysis were used to determine the heterogeneity and robustness of the overall estimates, respectively. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: There was insufficient evidence of causal associations between serum 25OHD concentration and miscarriage (odds ratio (OR) = 0.995, 95% CI: 0.888 to 1.114, P = 0.927), or the number of miscarriages (ß = -0.004, 95% CI: -0.040 to 0.032, P = 0.829). Furthermore, little evidence of causality between genetically determined vitamin D deficiency to miscarriage (OR = 0.993, 95% CI: 0.966 to 1.021, P = 0.624), or the number of miscarriages (ß = 0.001, 95% CI: -0.009 to 0.011, P = 0.828), was observed. The results of the sensitivity analysis were robust, and no significant heterogeneity or horizontal pleiotropy was found. LIMITATIONS REASONS FOR CAUTION: This study is limited by the absence of female-specific GWAS data and the limited amount of GWAS data available for this study, as well as the need for caution in generalizing the findings to non-European ethnic groups. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: These findings enhance the current understanding of the intricate association between vitamin D and pregnancy outcomes, challenging prevailing beliefs regarding the strong association with miscarriage. The results provide a special perspective that may prompt further exploration and potentially offer insights for guiding future research and informing clinical guidelines pertaining to the management of miscarriage. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS: This project was supported by the Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation Program General Surface Project (2022CFB200), the Key Research & Developmental Program of of Hubei Province (2022BCA042), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2042022gf0007, 2042022kf1210), and the Interdisciplinary Innovative Talents Foundation from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (JCRCWL-2022-001, JCRCYG-2022-009). All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 117931, 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382657

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phytochemical compounds offer a distinctive edge in diabetes management, attributed to their multifaceted target mechanisms and minimal toxicological profiles. Epiberberine (EPI), an alkaloid derived from plants of the Rhizoma Coptidis, has been reported to have antidiabetic effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of EPI are not fully elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study explored the anti-diabetic effects of EPI and the role of the NRF2/AMPK signaling pathway in improving insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilized two distinct models: in vivo, we employed mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) to conduct a range of assessments including measuring physical parameters, conducting biochemical analyses, examining histopathology, and performing Western blot tests. In parallel, in vitro experiments were carried out using insulin resistance (IR)-HepG2 cells, through which we conducted a CCK8 assay, glucose uptake tests, Western blot analyses, and flow cytometry studies. RESULTS: In the EPI-treated group of T2DM mice, there was a significant reduction in hyperglycemia, IR, and hyperlipidemia, accompanied by beneficial changes in the liver and pancreas, as well as enhanced glucose uptake in IR-HepG2 cells. Herein, our finding also provided evidence that EPI could increase the expression of GLUT4 and activated the IRS-1/PI3K/AKT insulin signaling pathway to improve IR in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, EPI alleviated oxidative stress by enhancing SOD and GPX-px activity, decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and promoting nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2), total NRF2, NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in the liver tissue of T2DM mice and IR-HepG2 cells. Furthermore, EPI decreased oxidative stress and improved IR, but these benefits were nullified by siNRF2 transfection. In particular, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) deficiency by short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) partially reversed the effects of EPI on nuclear transcription, oxidative stress, and IR of NRF2 in IR-HepG2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, EPI activated NRF2-dependent AMPK cascade to protect T2DM from oxidative stress, thereby alleviating IR.


Asunto(s)
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistencia a la Insulina , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinasas Activadas por AMP/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Estrés Oxidativo , Glucosa/metabolismo
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 70-79, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403340

RESUMEN

Flavonoid C-glycosides are a class of natural products that are widely involved in plant defense responses and have diverse pharmacological activities. They are also important active ingredients of Dendrobium huoshanense. Flavanone synthase Ⅱ has been proven to be a key enzyme in the synthesis pathway of flavonoid C-glycosides in plants, and their catalytic product 2-hydroxyflavanone is the precursor compound for the synthesis of various reported flavonoid C-glycosides. In this study, based on the reported amino acid sequence of flavanone synthase Ⅱ, a flavanone synthase Ⅱ gene(DhuFNSⅡ) was screened and verified from the constructed D. huoshanense genome localization database. Functional validation of the enzyme showed that it could in vitro catalyze naringenin and pinocembrin to produce apigenin and chrysin, respectively. The open reading frame(ORF) of DhuFNSⅡ was 1 644 bp in length, encoding 547 amino acids. Subcellular localization showed that the protein was localized on the endoplasmic reticulum. RT-qPCR results showed that DhuFNSⅡ had the highest expression in stems, followed by leaves and roots. The expression levels of DhuFNSⅡ and other target genes in various tissues of D. huoshanense were significantly up-regulated after four kinds of abiotic stresses commonly encountered in the growth process, but the extent of up-regulation varied among treatment groups, with drought and cold stress having more significant effects on gene expression levels. Through the identification and functional analysis of DhuFNSⅡ, this study is expected to contribute to the elucidation of the molecular mechanism of the formation of quality metabolites of D. huoshanense, flavonoid C-glycosides, and provide a reference for its quality formation and scientific cultivation.


Asunto(s)
Dendrobium , Flavanonas , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/química , Flavanonas/metabolismo , Flavonoides , Clonación Molecular , Glicósidos/metabolismo
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