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1.
ESMO Open ; 6(3): 100134, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The impact of the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wave on cancer patient management was measured within the nationwide network of the Unicancer comprehensive cancer centers in France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The number of patients diagnosed and treated within 17 of the 18 Unicancer centers was collected in 2020 and compared with that during the same periods between 2016 and 2019. Unicancer centers treat close to 20% of cancer patients in France yearly. The reduction in the number of patients attending the Unicancer centers was analyzed per regions and cancer types. The impact of delayed care on cancer-related deaths was calculated based on different hypotheses. RESULTS: A 6.8% decrease in patients managed within Unicancer in the first 7 months of 2020 versus 2019 was observed. This reduction reached 21% during April and May, and was not compensated in June and July, nor later until November 2020. This reduction was observed only for newly diagnosed patients, while the clinical activity for previously diagnosed patients increased by 4% similar to previous years. The reduction was more pronounced in women, in breast and prostate cancers, and for patients without metastasis. Using an estimated hazard ratio of 1.06 per month of delay in diagnosis and treatment of new patients, we calculated that the delays observed in the 5-month period from March to July 2020 may result in an excess mortality due to cancer of 1000-6000 patients in coming years. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the delays in cancer patient management were observed only for newly diagnosed patients, more frequently in women, for breast cancer, prostate cancer, and nonmetastatic cancers. These delays may result is an excess risk of cancer-related deaths in the coming years.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasias/complicaciones , COVID-19/complicaciones , Femenino , Francia , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Ann Oncol ; 19(7): 1308-1311, 2008 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18356135

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy has emerged as a standard treatment in patients with castration-refractory prostate cancer (CRPC). Consensus criteria are available to define response in CRPC as at least a 50% decline in serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) confirmed 4 weeks later. The objective of this work was to study early serum PSA changes in patients under chemotherapy and to correlate these changes with subsequent response assessment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum PSA levels were monitored every 3 weeks in 79 patients with CRPC treated with chemotherapy and a time course of serum PSA levels was obtained. Correlation with response was studied. RESULTS: According to consensus criteria, 21 (40%) and 20 (38%) patients achieved a PSA response and stabilization, respectively, after first-line chemotherapy. Among patients who achieved either a response or a stabilization, 8 of 41 (20%) had a serum PSA rise during the first 8 weeks of chemotherapy, followed by a subsequent decline in serum PSA. The same observation was made in patients receiving second-line chemotherapy: 6 of 20 patients achieving a response or stabilization had an initial serum PSA rise. The postchemotherapy increase in serum PSA could reach more than twice the baseline value. The duration of the PSA surge ranged from 1 to 8 weeks. When considering responders only, 6 of 30 (20%) had a postchemotherapy serum PSA surge, followed by a drop. CONCLUSION: Postchemotherapy PSA surges occur not infrequently in patients with CRPC who respond to chemotherapy. Physicians should be aware of this effect to avoid inadequate early discontinuation of chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Óseas/secundario , Orquiectomía , Antígeno Prostático Específico/efectos de los fármacos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patología , Adenocarcinoma/cirugía , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antagonistas de Andrógenos/administración & dosificación , Antineoplásicos/administración & dosificación , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administración & dosificación , Antineoplásicos Hormonales/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel , Estramustina/administración & dosificación , Hormona Liberadora de Gonadotropina/administración & dosificación , Humanos , Cinética , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mitoxantrona/administración & dosificación , Metástasis de la Neoplasia/tratamiento farmacológico , Metástasis de la Neoplasia/patología , Prednisona/administración & dosificación , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangre , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Sesquiterpenos/administración & dosificación , Síndrome , Taxoides/administración & dosificación , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
Cancer ; 91(11): 2071-6, 2001 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11391587

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the tolerance and efficacy of full dose reirradiation combined with chemotherapy in patients with head and neck carcinoma (HNC) with a high risk of recurrence after salvage surgery. METHODS: Between 1991 and 1996, 25 patients having a recurrence or a second primary tumor in a previously irradiated area (> 45 grays [Gy]) were entered in this prospective study. All of them received salvage surgery and had a positive surgical margin and/or lymph node involvement with capsular rupture (N+R+). Adjuvant radiochemotherapy was given, delivering 60 Gy per 30 fractions with concomitant hydroxyurea and 5-fluorouracil. The median total cumulative dose of the 2 irradiations was 118 Gy. The median follow-up after the second irradiation was 66 months. RESULTS: During the reirradiation course, Grade 3 and 4 mucositis were observed in 40% and 12%, respectively. Analysis of late effects (> 6 months after reirradiation) showed that 16% of the patients had osteoradionecrosis and 40% had Grade 2-3 cervical fibrosis (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group scoring system). The patterns of failure were as follows: local only (n = 9), lymph node only (n = 2), local and lymph node only (n = 1), and metastatic (n = 4). The 4-year survival rate after reirradiation was 43% (95% confidence interval, 25-62). CONCLUSIONS: Full dose reirradiation combined with chemotherapy after salvage surgery in high risk patients with HNC was feasible with an "acceptable" toxicity and led to a relatively good 5-year survival rate. These results prompted the authors to initiate a multicentric randomized trial that is ongoing (GETTEC-GORTEC 99-01) to evaluate the benefit of adjuvant radiochemotherapy in these types of patients.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/radioterapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/radioterapia , Adenocarcinoma/cirugía , Adulto , Anciano , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Terapia Combinada , Femenino , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/cirugía , Humanos , Hidroxiurea/administración & dosificación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/prevención & control , Radioterapia/efectos adversos , Factores de Riesgo , Terapia Recuperativa , Análisis de Supervivencia
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