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Métodos Terapéuticos y Terapias MTCI
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2.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 78(9)1-15 may 2024. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-CR-368

RESUMEN

Introducción Las miopatías genéticas constituyen un conjunto de enfermedades raras que impactan significativamente en la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida del paciente. Un diagnóstico temprano de las miopatías genéticas puede prevenir complicaciones futuras y proporcionar a las familias asesoramiento genético. A pesar del impacto sustancial de las miopatías genéticas en población adulta, la epidemiología global de estos trastornos está inadecuadamente abordada en la bibliografía.ObjetivosMejorar el entendimiento tanto de la epidemiología como de la genética de estos trastornos en la provincia de Alicante, situada en el sureste de España. Material y métodos. Entre 2020 y 2022, se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional prospectivo en el área de salud Alicante-Hospital General, que incluyó a pacientes de 16 años o más con sospecha de miopatías genéticas. Se recopilaron datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y genéticos. La fecha de referencia para el cálculo de la prevalencia se estableció el 31 de diciembre de 2022. Se utilizaron datos demográficos oficiales del área de salud para establecer la población en riesgo.ResultadosEn total, se identificó a 83 pacientes con miopatía genéticamente confirmada, lo que dio lugar a una prevalencia total de 29,59 casos por cada 100.000 habitantes. El rendimiento diagnóstico de las pruebas genéticas moleculares fue del 69,16%. Las miopatías genéticas más frecuentes incluyeron la distrofia miotónica (27,5%), las distrofinopatías (15,7%) y la distrofia facioescapulohumeral (15,7%).ConclusiónLa prevalencia de las miopatías genéticas puede variar considerablemente dependiendo de la región geográfica y la población estudiada. El análisis del rendimiento diagnóstico sugiere que los estudios genéticos deberían considerarse útiles en el diagnóstico de las miopatías genéticas. (AU)


Introduction. Genetic myopathies constitute a collection of rare diseases that significantly impact patient functionality and quality of life. Early diagnosis of genetic myopathies can prevent future complications and provide families with genetic counselling. Despite the substantial impact of genetic myopathies on the adult population, the global epidemiology of these disorders is inadequately addressed in the literature.Aims. To enhance understanding of both the epidemiology and genetics of these disorders within the province of Alicante, situated in southeastern Spain.Material and methods. Between 2020 and 2022, a prospective observational study was conducted at the Alicante Health Area-General Hospital, enrolling patients aged 16 years or older with suspected genetic myopathies. Sociodemographic, clinical, and genetic data were collected. The reference date for prevalence calculation was established as December 31, 2022. Official demographic data of the health area were used to set the population at risk.Results. In total, 83 patients were identified with confirmed genetically related myopathy, resulting in an overall prevalence of 29.59 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The diagnostic yield for molecular genetic testing was found to be 69.16%. The most prevalent genetic myopathies identified included myotonic dystrophy (27.5%), dystrophinopathies (15.7%), and facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (15.7%).Conclusion. The prevalence of GMs can vary considerably depending on the geographical region and the studied population. The analysis of diagnostic yield suggests that genetic studies should be considered useful in the diagnosis of genetic myopathies. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Enfermedades Musculares , Enfermedades Musculares/congénito , Enfermedades Musculares/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , España/epidemiología
3.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354241237972, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654515

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors often suffer from diagnosis- and therapy-related long-term side effects, such as cancer related fatigue, restricted stress resilience and quality of life. Walking as a physical activity and mindfulness practice have been shown to be helpful in studies. The aim of this study was to compare the individual experiences and subjectively perceived effects of walking in combination with mindfulness practice with moderate walking alone in breast cancer patients. This paper focuses on the qualitative results of a mixed-methods pilot study. METHODS: Breast cancer patients who had finished their primary oncologic treatment at least 6 months ago were randomized to an 8-week group intervention program of either mindful walking or moderate walking. Within the qualitative study part, semi-structured focus group interviews (2 interviews per study arm) were conducted and analyzed using a qualitative content analysis approach. Audio recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and pseudonymized. The subsequent data analysis was performed by using MAXQDA®. RESULTS: A total of 51 women (mean age 55.8 [SD 10.9] years) were included in the RCT, among these 20 (mean age 56.7 [SD 12.0] years) participated in the focus group interviews (n = 11 patients of the mindful walking group; n = 9 patients of the walking group). Breast cancer patients in both groups described different effects in the complex areas of self-efficacy, coping, body awareness and self-reflection. While mindful walking primarily promoted body awareness and inner strength by mindfulness in breast cancer patients, moderate walking promoted self-efficacy by a confidence of their body and an easily integrated and accepted way of physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Study interventions and the study setting triggered processes and reflections on one's own health and situation. However, mindful walking and moderate walking seem to address different resources. This important knowledge may help oncologists and other therapists to assess what type of interventions can best meet the needs and requirements of individual patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: DKRS00011521; prospectively registered 21.12.2016; https://drks.de/search/de/trial/DRKS00011521.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Atención Plena , Investigación Cualitativa , Calidad de Vida , Caminata , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Atención Plena/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Caminata/fisiología , Caminata/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Grupos Focales , Proyectos Piloto , Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Anciano , Adulto , Fatiga/terapia , Fatiga/psicología
4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(4): 398-402, 2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649208

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effect of combined therapy of acupotomy and electroacupuncture (EA) with the simple application of EA on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and their influence on knee function. METHODS: Sixty-eight KOA patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, an acupotomy group and an EA group. In the acupotomy group, the combined therapy of acupotomy and EA was adopted. In the EA group, EA was simply used, delivered once every two days, 3 treatments a week;and the duration of treatment was 4 weeks. In the acupotomy group, besides the treatment as the EA group, acupotomy was combined once weekly, and the duration of treatment was 4 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, and in 4 and 12 weeks after treatment completion (1-month and 3-month follow-up), the results of the timed up and go test (TUG), the 9-step stair climb test (9-SCT) and the knee function (Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index visualization scale [WOMAC]) were measured in the two groups. RESULTS: By the intention-to-treat analysis, the results of TUG, 9-SCT and WOMAC scores were reduced after treatment and in 1-month and 3-month follow-up when compared with those before treatment in the patients of the two groups (P<0.05). Compared with the EA group at the same time point, TUG results were decreased after treatment and in 1-month follow-up, and WOMAC score was reduced after treatment in the acupotomy group. WOMAC score in 1-month follow-up was reduced when compared with that before treatment within the acupotomy group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Either the simple application of EA or the combined therapy of acupotomy and EA can improve knee function, but the combined therapy obviously increases the walking speed and relieves the symptoms such as joint pain and morning stiffness. The treatment with acupotomy and EA is safe and effective on KOA and the long-term effect is satisfactory.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Electroacupuntura , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/terapia , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Resultado del Tratamiento , Terapia Combinada , Articulación de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Puntos de Acupuntura
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 33(6): 107718, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604352

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is a common complication of ischemic stroke. PSCI can involve different depending on clinical and stroke related characteristics. The aim of this study is to determine the factors associated with impairments in specific cognitive domains. METHODS: The Vitamins to Prevent Stroke (VITATOPS) trial is a large, multinational randomised controlled trial. In this substudy, consecutive patients admitted for ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) at a tertiary hospital in Singapore were included. PSCI was defined as impairment of any of the six cognitive subgroups - visuoconstruction, attention, verbal memory, language, visual memory and visuomotor function - that were assessed annually for up to five years. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine factors associated with impairments in each of these cognitive domains. RESULTS: A total of 736 patients were included in this study, of which 173 (23.5 %) developed cognitive impairment. Out of the six cognitive domains, the greatest proportion of patients had an impairment in visuoconstruction (26.4 %) followed by attention (19.8 %), verbal memory (18.3 %), language (17.5 %), visual memory (17.3 %) and visuomotor function (14.8 %). Patients with posterior circulation cerebral infarction (POCI) as the index stroke subtype had higher rates of cognitive impairment. Further subgroup analyses show that Indian race and advanced age were predictive of language impairment, whilst fewer years of education and POCI were predictive of verbal memory impairment. POCI was predictive of visual memory impairment, and advanced age and POCI were predictive of visuomotor function impairment. CONCLUSION: We identified visuoconstruction and attention domains to be the most affected in our Asian cohort of PSCI. Advanced age, lower levels of education, posterior circulation strokes and concomitant comorbidities such as peripheral artery disease are independent predictors of PSCI.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Disfunción Cognitiva , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Singapur/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Disfunción Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunción Cognitiva/etiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/epidemiología , Factores de Tiempo , Memoria , Medición de Riesgo , Pronóstico , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/diagnóstico , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/epidemiología , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas , Atención , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/complicaciones , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio/psicología
6.
BMJ ; 385: e076484, 2024 04 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604668

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine how a large scale, multicomponent, pharmacy based intervention to reduce proton pump inhibitor (PPI) overuse affected prescribing patterns, healthcare utilization, and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Difference-in-difference study. SETTING: US Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, in which one regional network implemented the overuse intervention and all 17 others served as controls. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals receiving primary care from 2009 to 2019. INTERVENTION: Limits on PPI refills for patients without a documented indication for long term use, voiding of PPI prescriptions not recently filled, facilitated electronic prescribing of H2 receptor antagonists, and education for patients and clinicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the percentage of patients who filled a PPI prescription per 6 months. Secondary outcomes included percentage of days PPI gastroprotection was prescribed in patients at high risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding, percentage of patients who filled either a PPI or H2 receptor antagonist prescription, hospital admission for acid peptic disease in older adults appropriate for PPI gastroprotection, primary care visits for an upper gastrointestinal diagnosis, upper endoscopies, and PPI associated clinical conditions. RESULTS: The number of patients analyzed per interval ranged from 192 607 to 250 349 in intervention sites and from 3 775 953 to 4 360 868 in control sites, with 26% of patients receiving PPIs before the intervention. The intervention was associated with an absolute reduction of 7.3% (95% confidence interval -7.6% to -7.0%) in patients who filled PPI prescriptions, an absolute reduction of 11.3% (-12.0% to -10.5%) in PPI use among patients appropriate for gastroprotection, and an absolute reduction of 5.72% (-6.08% to -5.36%) in patients who filled a PPI or H2 receptor antagonist prescription. No increases were seen in primary care visits for upper gastrointestinal diagnoses, upper endoscopies, or hospital admissions for acid peptic disease in older patients appropriate for gastroprotection. No clinically significant changes were seen in any PPI associated clinical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The multicomponent intervention was associated with reduced PPI use overall but also in patients appropriate for gastroprotection, with minimal evidence of either clinical benefits or harms.


Asunto(s)
Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Enfermedades Gastrointestinales , Humanos , Anciano , Inhibidores de la Bomba de Protones/uso terapéutico , Antagonistas de los Receptores H2 de la Histamina/uso terapéutico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/inducido químicamente
7.
Circulation ; 149(20): 1549-1564, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606558

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Among patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), acute vasoreactivity testing during right heart catheterization may identify acute vasoresponders, for whom treatment with high-dose calcium channel blockers (CCBs) is recommended. However, long-term outcomes in the current era remain largely unknown. We sought to evaluate the implications of acute vasoreactivity response for long-term response to CCBs and other outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PAH between January 1999 and December 2018 at 15 pulmonary hypertension centers were included and analyzed retrospectively. In accordance with current guidelines, acute vasoreactivity response was defined by a decrease of mean pulmonary artery pressure by ≥10 mm Hg to reach <40 mm Hg, without a decrease in cardiac output. Long-term response to CCBs was defined as alive with unchanged initial CCB therapy with or without other initial PAH therapy and World Health Organization functional class I/II and/or low European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society risk status at 12 months after initiation of CCBs. Patients were followed for up to 5 years; clinical measures, outcome, and subsequent treatment patterns were captured. RESULTS: Of 3702 patients undergoing right heart catheterization for PAH diagnosis, 2051 had idiopathic, heritable, or drug-induced PAH, of whom 1904 (92.8%) underwent acute vasoreactivity testing. A total of 162 patients fulfilled acute vasoreactivity response criteria and received an initial CCB alone (n=123) or in combination with another PAH therapy (n=39). The median follow-up time was 60.0 months (interquartile range, 30.8-60.0), during which overall survival was 86.7%. At 12 months, 53.2% remained on CCB monotherapy, 14.7% on initial CCB plus another initial PAH therapy, and the remaining patients had the CCB withdrawn and/or PAH therapy added. CCB long-term response was found in 54.3% of patients. Five-year survival was 98.5% in long-term responders versus 73.0% in nonresponders. In addition to established vasodilator responder criteria, pulmonary artery compliance at acute vasoreactivity testing, low risk status and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) levels at early follow-up correlated with long-term response and predicted survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our data display heterogeneity within the group of vasoresponders, with a large subset failing to show a sustained satisfactory clinical response to CCBs. This highlights the necessity for comprehensive reassessment during early follow-up. The use of pulmonary artery compliance in addition to current measures may better identify those likely to have a good long-term response.


Asunto(s)
Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/mortalidad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/uso terapéutico , Arteria Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Arteria Pulmonar/efectos de los fármacos , Adulto , Anciano , Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico
8.
Virol J ; 21(1): 91, 2024 04 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654355

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study sought to examine the impact of magnesium supplementation on clinical outcomes and biochemical factors among hospitalized patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted at Razi Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran, between September 2021 and March 2022. Participants aged 18-70 years with moderate disease severity were enrolled. Magnesium supplementation (300 mg daily) was administered to the intervention group, while the control group received a placebo. Clinical outcomes, including the need for oxygen therapy, oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, fever, hs-CRP and TNF-α levels, as well as quality of life and mental health, were assessed. Blood samples were collected to measure biochemical variables. RESULTS: The main result was the count of individuals requiring oxygen therapy. Additional outcomes comprised of oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, fever, hs-CRP and TNF-α levels, as well as quality of life and mental health. Out of 64 participants, 60 completed the study. The results showed that magnesium supplementation significantly reduced the number of patients requiring oxygen therapy (9 vs. 14; P < 0.001). Moreover, the magnesium group demonstrated improved oxygen saturation compared to the control group (4.55 ± 2.35 vs. 1.8 ± 1.67; P < 0.001). Furthermore, we observed a noteworthy enhancement in the quality of life and depression score in the magnesium group. No significant differences were observed in respiratory rate, fever, hs-CRP, and TNF-α levels (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that magnesium supplementation may have beneficial effects on clinical outcomes and arterial oxygen saturation in COVID-19 patients. More investigation is necessary to delve into its potential mechanisms and long-term effects on patient outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered on Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) under identifier IRCT20210413050957N1. (The registration date: May 1, 2021).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Suplementos Dietéticos , Magnesio , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Magnesio/sangre , Magnesio/administración & dosificación , COVID-19/sangre , Método Doble Ciego , Irán , Anciano , Adulto Joven , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Tratamiento Farmacológico de COVID-19 , Resultado del Tratamiento , Proteína C-Reactiva/análisis , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/sangre
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245295, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625704

RESUMEN

Importance: Organized screening outreach can reduce differences in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality between demographic subgroups. Outcomes associated with additional outreach, beyond universal outreach, are not well known. Objective: To compare CRC screening completion by race and ethnicity, age, and sex after universal automated outreach and additional personalized outreach. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational cohort study included screening-eligible individuals aged 50 to 75 years assessed during 2019 in a community-based organized CRC screening program within the Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) integrated health care delivery setting. For KPNC members who are not up to date with screening by colonoscopy, each year the program first uses automated outreach (mailed prescreening notification postcards and fecal immunochemical test [FIT] kits, automated telephone calls, and postcard reminders), followed by personalized components for nonresponders (telephone calls, electronic messaging, and screening offers during office visits). Data analyses were performed between November 2021 and February 2023 and completed on February 5, 2023. Exposures: Completed CRC screening via colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or FIT. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the proportion of participants completing an FIT or colonoscopy after each component of the screening process. Differences across subgroups were assessed using the χ2 test. Results: This study included 1 046 745 KPNC members. Their mean (SD) age was 61.1 (6.9) years, and more than half (53.2%) were women. A total of 0.4% of members were American Indian or Alaska Native, 18.5% were Asian, 7.2% were Black, 16.2% were Hispanic, 0.8% were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 56.5% were White. Automated outreach significantly increased screening participation by 31.1%, 38.1%, 29.5%, 31.9%, 31.8%, and 34.5% among these groups, respectively; follow-up personalized outreach further significantly increased participation by absolute additional increases of 12.5%, 12.4%, 13.3%, 14.4%, 14.7%, and 11.2%, respectively (all differences P < .05 compared with White members). Overall screening coverage at the end of the yearly program differed significantly among members who were American Indian or Alaska Native (74.1%), Asian (83.5%), Black (77.7%), Hispanic (76.4%), or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (74.4%) compared with White members (82.2%) (all differences P < .05 compared with White members). Screening completion was similar by sex; older members were substantially more likely to be up to date with CRC screening both before and at the end of the screening process. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of a CRC screening program, sequential automated and personalized strategies each contributed to substantial increases in screening completion in all demographic groups. These findings suggest that such programs may potentially reduce differences in CRC screening completion across demographic groups.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios de Cohortes , Neoplasias Colorrectales/diagnóstico , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Grupos Raciales , Etnicidad
10.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 141: 107523, 2024 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608752

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Intensive weight management programs are effective but often have low enrollment and high attrition. Lack of motivation is a key psychological barrier to enrollment, engagement, and weight loss. Mental Contrasting with Implementation Intentions (MCII) is a unique imagery technique that increases motivation for behavior change. We describe our study protocol to assess the efficacy and implementation of MCII to enhance the effectiveness of VA's MOVE! or TeleMOVE! weight management programs using a procedure called "WOOP" (Wish, Outcome, Obstacle, Plan) for Veterans. We hypothesize that WOOP+MOVE! or TeleMOVE! (intervention) will lead to greater MOVE!/TeleMOVE! program engagment and consequently weight loss than MOVE!/TeleMOVE! alone (control). METHOD: Veterans are randomized to either the intervention or control. Both arms receive the either MOVE! or TeleMOVE! weight management programs. The intervention group receives an hour long WOOP training while the control group receives patient education. Both groups receive telephone follow up calls at 3 days, 4 weeks, and 2 months post-baseline. Eligible participants are Veterans (ages 18-70 years) with either obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) or overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) and an obesity-associated co-morbidity. At baseline, 6 and 12 months, we assess weight, diet, physical activity in both groups. The primary outcome is mean percent weight change at 6 months. Secondary outcomes include changes in waist circumference, diet, physical activity, and dieting self-efficacy and engagement in regular physical activity. We assess implementation using the RE-AIM framework. CONCLUSION: If WOOP VA is found to be efficacious, it will be an important tool to facilitate weight management and improve weight outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05014984.


Asunto(s)
Intención , Motivación , Veteranos , Programas de Reducción de Peso , Humanos , Programas de Reducción de Peso/métodos , Programas de Reducción de Peso/organización & administración , Estudios Prospectivos , Veteranos/psicología , Ejercicio Físico , Pérdida de Peso , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Obesidad/terapia , Estados Unidos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/métodos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/organización & administración , Anciano , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Índice de Masa Corporal
11.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 141: 107535, 2024 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614446

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Few clinical trials include a detailed protocol for stakeholder engagement in the design and execution of the clinical trial. Deliver-EE is a pragmatic clinical trial to assess how different types of home-delivered meals can affect older adults' health and well-being. We present the protocol for stakeholder engagement in this national, multi-site trial and initial findings from our efforts. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants were recruited to two stakeholder advisory panels. The "Lived Experience Perspectives" panel is defined as the clients, caregivers, and meal delivery drivers with first-hand knowledge and lived experiences with meal delivery. The "System Perspectives" panel is defined as representatives from the larger financial, clinical, regulatory, and operational environments in which meal delivery to homebound older adults operate. Together, these two groups holistically represent interested parties that coordinate the interdependent elements of meal delivery to homebound older adults in order to: 1) inform our understanding of what matters most to older adults, their families, and the larger health and social care systems; 2) provide strategies to overcome challenges conducting the study; 3) enhance dissemination and uptake of study findings; and 4) identify opportunities for future research. RESULTS: Although stakeholder partners share a common goal of using home-delivered meals as a method to improve outcomes for homebound older adults, individuals have different goals for participating as advisors in this research. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding what individual stakeholders hope to gain from their participation is critical in designing an effective engagement protocol and critical for meaningful and rigorous stakeholder engagement in clinical trials.


Asunto(s)
Personas Imposibilitadas , Comidas , Participación de los Interesados , Humanos , Anciano , Femenino , Masculino , Cuidadores , Investigación sobre la Eficacia Comparativa , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio/organización & administración , Vida Independiente , Servicios de Alimentación/organización & administración , Proyectos de Investigación
12.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 63(3): 103922, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664087

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse outcomes and prolonged hospitalizations in critically ill patients. Regarding the recent adoption of restrictive transfusion protocols in intensive care unit (ICU) management, anemia remains highly prevalent even after ICU discharge. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia following ICU discharge and factors affecting recovery from anemia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study involving 3969 adult ICU survivors, we assessed anemia severity using the National Cancer Institute criteria at six time points: ICU admission, ICU discharge, hospital discharge, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month post-hospital discharge. In addition, baseline characteristics, including age, sex, comorbidities, and recent iron supplementation or erythropoietin administration, were evaluated. RESULTS: Our findings revealed an in-hospital mortality rate of 28.6%. The median hospital and ICU stays were 20 and 5 days, respectively, with common comorbidities including hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Among the patients, the hemoglobin levels of 3967 patients were confirmed at the time of discharge from the ICU, representing 99.95% of the total. The prevalence of anemia persisted post- ICU discharge; less than 30% of patients recovered, whereas 13.6% of them experienced worsening of anemia post-ICU discharge. Factors contributing to anemia severity were female sex, DM, chronic renal failure, malignant solid tumors, and administration of iron supplements. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the need for targeted interventions to manage anemia post-ICU discharge and suggested potential factors that influence recovery from anemia.


Asunto(s)
Anemia , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anemia/epidemiología , Anemia/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Anciano , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Adulto
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e36823, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579055

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of varicella-zoster infection and tends to occur in older people. All patients treated with a single regimen have not achieved consistent success across all current study protocols, and multimodal combination regimens still need to be explored. METHODS: A total of 111 patients with PHN were randomly divided into drug group (group A), thoracic paravertebral nerve block group (group B), thoracic paravertebral nerve block combined with acupuncture group (group C), with 37 cases in each group. Group A: received oral gabapentin capsules and external lidocaine gel plaster; group B: combined with thoracic paravertebral nerve block based on group A; group C: combined with acupuncture based on group B. The primary outcome was effective rate, and secondary outcomes included pain sensation score (numerical rating scale), SF-36 quality of life score, and sleep quality. RESULTS: Before treatment, there were no significant differences in numerical rating scale value, SF-36 quality of life score, and sleep quality level among the 3 groups (P > .05). After 12 weeks of treatment, the total effective rate of treatment of patients in group C (91.43%) was higher than that in group B (77.14%), and significantly higher than that in group A (51.43%) (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Based on drug treatment combined with thoracic paravertebral nerve block and acupuncture, the treatment of PHN in the elderly can quickly and effectively relieve pain, improve the quality of life of patients, and improve the quality of sleep.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Bloqueo Nervioso , Neuralgia Posherpética , Humanos , Anciano , Neuralgia Posherpética/tratamiento farmacológico , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Prospectivos , Bloqueo Nervioso/métodos , Abdomen
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37682, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579074

RESUMEN

This retrospective study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential of Bifidobacterium bifidum supplementation on elderly ischemic stroke patients. We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records from 153 elderly ischemic stroke patients. Patients were stratified into 2 groups: those receiving B bifidum supplementation (Intervention group, n = 73) and those receiving standard treatment without any additional supplementation (Control group, n = 80). Outcomes were assessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Inflammatory markers, immunological indicators, neurotrophic factor, and gut-brain axis (GBA)-related markers were also evaluated at baseline and during 4-week follow-up. Compared to the control group, the intervention group exhibited significant improvements in the NIHSS, MoCA, SDS and SAS scores (P < .001). Enhanced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and reduced levels of NPY were observed in the intervention group. Additionally, inflammatory markers, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-1ß, and TNF-α, were significantly reduced in the intervention group, as well as significant increases in immunoglobulin levels (Ig A, Ig G, and Ig M) (P < .001). Besides, lower incidences of diarrhea and constipation were observed in the intervention group (P < .001), while the incidence of abdominal pain was no significant changed. B bifidum supplementation offers promising therapeutic benefits in improving neurological, cognitive, and psychological outcomes in elderly ischemic stroke patients, which may be achieved by regulating the GBA, reducing inflammation and promoting immune function. These findings highlight the importance of integrating gut health strategies in stroke management.


Asunto(s)
Bifidobacterium bifidum , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/terapia , Suplementos Dietéticos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37483, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579081

RESUMEN

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major contributor to disability and social costs in the elderly. As the population ages and becomes increasingly obese, the incidence of the disease is higher than in previous decades. In recent years, important progress has been made in the causes and pathogenesis of OA pain. Modern medical treatment modalities mainly include the specific situation of the patient and focus on the core treatment, including self-management and education, exercise, and related weight loss. As an important part of complementary and alternative medicine, TCM has remarkable curative effect, clinical safety, and diversity of treatment methods in the treatment of OA. Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment of OA has attracted worldwide attention. Therefore, this article will study the pathophysiological mechanism of OA based on modern medicine, and explore the treatment of OA by acupuncture combined with Chinese Medicine.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Medicina Tradicional China , Osteoartritis , Anciano , Humanos , Osteoartritis/terapia , Osteoartritis/complicaciones , Dolor/etiología , Terapia Combinada
16.
J Gerontol Soc Work ; 67(4): 492-514, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590208

RESUMEN

This pilot randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the feasibility and potential outcomes of an innovative 16-session multicomponent intervention model to improve cognitive abilities in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by promoting healthy lifestyle, cognitive skills, tai chi and mindfulness practices. This study was a multicentre, randomized controlled, two-arm, parallel-group, unblinded trial in Hong Kong. 57 Chinese older adults with MCI recruited from three local elderly centers were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention group. The study results support the feasibility and efficacy of the multicomponent intervention, and recommend future larger-scale randomized control trials.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva , Humanos , Disfunción Cognitiva/terapia , Anciano , Masculino , Femenino , Proyectos Piloto , Hong Kong , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Taichi Chuan/métodos , Atención Plena/métodos , Cognición , Persona de Mediana Edad
17.
Chronobiol Int ; 41(4): 587-597, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606920

RESUMEN

The timing of radiotherapy (RT) delivery has been reported to affect both cancer survival and treatment toxicity. However, the association among the timing of RT delivery, survival, and toxicity in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) has not been investigated. We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with LA-NPC who received definitive RT at multiple institutions. The median RT delivery daytime was categorized as morning (DAY) and night (NIGHT). Seasonal variations were classified into the darker half of the year (WINTER) and brighter half (SUMMER) according to the sunshine duration. Cohorts were balanced according to baseline characteristics using propensity score matching (PSM). Survival and toxicity outcomes were evaluated using Cox regression models. A total of 355 patients were included, with 194/161 in DAY/NIGHT and 187/168 in WINTER/SUMMER groups. RT delivered during the daytime prolonged the 5-year overall survival (OS) (90.6% vs. 80.0%, p = 0.009). However, the significance of the trend was lost after PSM (p = 0.068). After PSM analysis, the DAY cohort derived a greater benefit in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) (85.6% vs. 73.4%, p = 0.021) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (89.2% vs. 80.8%, p = 0.051) in comparison with the NIGHT subgroup. Moreover, multivariate analysis showed that daytime RT was an independent prognostic factor for OS, PFS, and DMFS. Furthermore, daytime RT delivery was associated with an increase in the incidence of leukopenia and radiation dermatitis. RT delivery in SUMMER influenced only the OS significantly (before PSM: p = 0.051; after PSM: p = 0.034). There was no association between toxicity and the timing of RT delivery by season. In LA-NPC, the daytime of radical RT served as an independent prognostic factor. Furthermore, RT administered in the morning resulted in more severe toxic side effects than that at night, which needs to be confirmed in a future study.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Puntaje de Propensión , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Pronóstico , Adulto , Anciano , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiología , Factores de Tiempo , Radioterapia/efectos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Estaciones del Año
18.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1332425, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655258

RESUMEN

Objective: Spirulina (arthrospira platensis) is a cyanobacterium proven to have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antioxidant effects. However, the effect of high-dose Spirulina supplementation on hospitalized adults with COVID-19 is currently unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose Spirulina platensis for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Study Design: We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label trial involving 189 patients with COVID-19 who were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group that received 15.2g of Spirulina supplement plus standard treatment (44 non-intensive care unit (non-ICU) and 47 ICU), or to a control group that received standard treatment alone (46 non-ICU and 52 ICU). The study was conducted over six days. Immune mediators were monitored on days 1, 3, 5, and 7. The primary outcome of this study was mortality or hospital discharge within seven days, while the overall discharge or mortality was considered the secondary outcome. Results: Within seven days, there were no deaths in the Spirulina group, while 15 deaths (15.3%) occurred in the control group. Moreover, within seven days, there was a greater number of patients discharged in the Spirulina group (97.7%) in non-ICU compared to the control group (39.1%) (HR, 6.52; 95% CI, 3.50 to 12.17). Overall mortality was higher in the control group (8.7% non-ICU, 28.8% ICU) compared to the Spirulina group (non-ICU HR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.97; ICU, HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.48). In non-ICU, patients who received Spirulina showed a significant reduction in the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, and IP-10 as intervention time increased. Furthermore, in ICU, patients who received Spirulina showed a significant decrease in the levels of MIP-1α and IL-6. IFN-γ levels were significantly higher in the intervention group in both ICU and non-ICU subgroups as intervention time increased. No side effects related to Spirulina supplements were observed during the trial. Conclusion: High-dose Spirulina supplements coupled with the standard treatment of COVID-19 may improve recovery and remarkably reduce mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Clinical Trial Registration: https://irct.ir/trial/54375, Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials number (IRCT20210216050373N1).


Asunto(s)
Tratamiento Farmacológico de COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Suplementos Dietéticos , SARS-CoV-2 , Spirulina , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/inmunología , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/inmunología , Anciano , Hospitalización , Adulto , Resultado del Tratamiento , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Citocinas/sangre
19.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613008

RESUMEN

Sn-2 palmitate is widely used in infant formula. However, little is known about its effects on metabolism and body composition in middle-aged and elderly adults. In a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial, we enrolled Chinese adults aged 45-75 years with self-reported constipation. Individuals were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to a 1,3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoyl-glycerol (OPO)-enriched oil (66% palmitic acid in the sn-2 position) or a control vegetable oil (24% palmitic acid in the sn-2 position) daily for 24 weeks. Skim milk powder was used as the carrier for both fats. Interviews and body composition were performed at baseline, week 4, week 12 and week 24. A fasting blood draw was taken except at week 4. This study was a secondary analysis and considered exploratory. A total of 111 adults (83 women and 28 men, mean age 64.2 ± 7.0 years) were enrolled, of whom 53 were assigned to the OPO group and 57 to the control group. During the intervention, blood glucose, triglyceride, the triglyceride-glucose index, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and remnant cholesterol remained stable, while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased in both groups (p = 0.003). No differences in change were observed between the groups (all p > 0.05). From baseline to week 24, the level of visceral fat increased slightly (p = 0.017), while body weight, total body water, protein, soft lean mass, fat-free mass, skeletal muscle and skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) decreased in two groups (p < 0.01). At weeks 4, 12 and 24, the SMI decreased less in the OPO group than in the control group, with a trend towards significance (p = 0.090). A 24-week daily intake of sn-2-palmitate-enriched oil had no adverse impact on fasting blood glucose, lipids and body composition compared with the control vegetable oil in Chinese adults (funded by Chinese Nutrition Society National Nutrition Science Research Grant, National Key Research and Development Program of China and Wilmar (Shanghai) Biotechnology Research & Development Center Co., Ltd.; ChiCTR1900026480).


Asunto(s)
Glucemia , Palmitatos , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Composición Corporal , China , HDL-Colesterol , Ácido Palmítico , Aceites de Plantas , Triglicéridos , Pueblos del Este de Asia
20.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613014

RESUMEN

Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common cancers in the United States. Advances in detection and treatment have resulted in an increased survival rate, meaning an increasing population experiencing declines in muscle mass and strength. Creatine supplementation has consistently demonstrated improvements in strength and muscle performance in older adults, though these findings have not been extended to cancer populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term creatine supplementation on muscular performance in BC survivors. METHODS: Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized design, 19 female BC survivors (mean ± SD age = 57.63 ± 10.77 years) were assigned to creatine (SUPP) (n = 9) or dextrose placebo (PLA) (n = 10) groups. The participants completed two familiarization sessions, then two test sessions, each separated by 7 days, where the participants supplemented with 5 g of SUPP or PLA 4 times/day between sessions. The testing sessions included sit-to-stand power, isometric/isokinetic peak torque, and upper/lower body strength via 10 repetition maximum (10RM) tests. The interaction between supplement (SUPP vs. PLA) and time (Pre vs. Post) was examined using a group × time ANOVA and effect sizes. RESULTS: No significant effects were observed for sit-to-stand power (p = 0.471; ηp2 = 0.031), peak torque at 60°/second (p = 0.533; ηp2 = 0.023), peak torque at 120°/second (p = 0.944; ηp2 < 0.001), isometric peak torque (p = 0.905; ηp2 < 0.001), 10RM chest press (p = 0.407; ηp2 = 0.041), and 10RM leg extension (p = 0.932; ηp2 < 0.001). However, a large effect size for time occurred for the 10RM chest press (ηp2 = 0.531) and leg extension (ηp2 = 0.422). CONCLUSION: Seven days of creatine supplementation does not influence muscular performance among BC survivors.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Supervivientes de Cáncer , Femenino , Humanos , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Creatina/farmacología , Sobrevivientes , Suplementos Dietéticos , Poliésteres
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