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1.
J Int Med Res ; 52(4): 3000605241239856, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656269

RESUMEN

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. It is associated with many autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and thyroid diseases. Graves' disease (GD) is a common organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by diffuse goitre and thyrotoxicosis. Management of psoriasis patients with GD is challenging. This current report presents the case of a 34-year-old female patient with refractory psoriasis with GD who was hospitalized for drug eruption and then experienced new-onset erythema and scaling following treatment with adalimumab and secukinumab. Despite the sequential move to phototherapy, tofacitinib and ustekinumab, the erythema and scaling continued unabated and exacerbated. Finally, switching to guselkumab resulted in the psoriasis lesions significantly improving. These findings suggest that guselkumab might be an effective treatment option for refractory psoriasis combined with GD.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Enfermedad de Graves , Psoriasis , Humanos , Psoriasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Psoriasis/complicaciones , Psoriasis/patología , Femenino , Adulto , Enfermedad de Graves/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de Graves/complicaciones , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
RMD Open ; 10(1)2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428974

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the 1-year retention rate of secukinumab in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and its predisposing factors with regard to its time of initiation (eg, right after or remotely from its launch). METHODS: Study design: Retrospective multicentre French study of patients with axSpA. Study periods: Two cohorts were evaluated regarding the time of initiation of secukinumab: cohort 1 (C1)-between 16 August 2016 and 31 August 2018-and cohort 2 (C2)-between 1 September 2018 and 13 November 2020. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The 1-year retention rate of secukinumab was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the log-rank test was used to compare the retention curves of the two cohorts. Preselected factors (eg, disease characterristics, line and time of secukinumab initiation) of secukinumab retention at 1 year were analysed by univariate and multivariate Cox model regression. RESULTS: In total, 906 patients in C1 and 758 in C2 from 50 centres were included in the analysis. The 1-year retention rate was better in C2 (64% (61%-68%)) vs C1 (59% (55%-62%)) (HR=1.19 (1.02-1.39); p=0.0297). In the multivariate analysis, the line of biologic therapy was the single predictive factor of the 1-year retention rate of secukinumab picked up in both cohorts, with a better retention rate when prescribed as first-line biologic therapy. CONCLUSION: The better secukinumab retention rate remotely from its launch is explained by its use at an earlier stage of the disease, suggesting a change in the behaviour of prescribing physicians. Our results emphasise the relevance of iterative evaluations of routine care treatments.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Espondiloartritis Axial , Espondilitis Anquilosante , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Terapia Biológica
3.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0295090, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437209

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Tislelizumab vs Sorafenib as the first-line treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from the perspective of the Chinese health service system. METHODS: A lifetime partitioned survival model (PSM) was developed to cost-effectively analyze Tislelizumab vs Sorafenib as the first-line treatment of unresectable HCC. The clinical and safety data were derived from a recently randomized clinical trial (RATIONALE-301). Utilities were collected from the published literature. Costs were obtained from an open-access database (http://www.yaozh.com) and previous studies. The model cycle was 21 days, according to the RATIONALE-301 study, and the simulation period was patients' lifetime. Long-term direct medical costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were determined. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was used as the evaluation index. one-way sensitivity analysis (OSWA) and probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA) were used to analyze the uncertainty of parameters and to adjust and verify the stability of the baseline results. RESULTS: The Tislelizumab group generated a cost of $39,746.34 and brought health benefits to 2.146 QALYs, while the cost and utility of the Sorafenib group were $26750.95 and 1.578 QALYs, respectively. The Tislelizumab group increased QALYs by 0.568, the incremental cost was $12995.39, and the ICER was $22869.64/QALY, lower than the willingness to pay threshold (WTP). OSWA results showed that the utility of progressed disease (PD), cost of Camrelizumab, and cost of Tislelizumab were the main factors affecting the ICER. PSA results showed that, within 1000 times the Monte Carlo simulation, the cost of the Tislelizumab group was lower than three times the per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of China ($37653/QALY). The cost-effectiveness acceptability curves (CEAC) revealed that when WTP was no less than $12251.00, the Tislelizumab group was the dominant scheme, and the economic advantage grew with an increasing WTP. When WTP ≥ $19000.00, the Tislelizumab group became the absolute economic advantage. CONCLUSION: Under the current economic conditions in China, the Tislelizumab therapeutic scheme is more cost-effective than the Sorafenib therapeutic scheme for treating patients with unresectable HCC.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Sorafenib/uso terapéutico , Análisis de Costo-Efectividad , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico
4.
Int J Surg ; 110(4): 2071-2084, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320099

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The addition of immune checkpoint inhibitors to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in operable advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) cancer aroused wide interest. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant sintilimab, a programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor, in combination with fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel (FLOT) chemotherapy for HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer. METHODS: Eligible patients with clinical stage cT4 and/or cN+M0 G/GEJ cancer were enroled in this phase II study. Patients received neoadjuvant sintilimab (200 mg every 3 weeks) for three cycles plus FLOT (50 mg/m 2 docetaxel, 80 mg/m 2 oxaliplatin, 200 mg/m 2 calcium levofolinate, 2600 mg/m 2 5-fluorouracil every 2 weeks) for four cycles before surgery, followed by four cycles of adjuvant FLOT with same dosages after resection. The primary endpoint was the pathological complete response (pCR) rate. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were enroled between August 2019 and September 2021, with a median follow-up of 34.8 (95% CI, 32.8-42.9) months. Thirty-two (100%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy, and 29 underwent surgery with an R0 resection rate of 93.1%. The pCR (TRG0) was achieved in 5 (17.2%; 95% CI, 5.8-35.8%) patients, and the major pathological response was 55.2%. Twenty-three (79.3%) patients had T downstaging, 21 (72.4%) had N downstaging, and 19 (65.5%) had overall TNM downstaging. Six (20.7%) patients experienced recurrence. Patients achieving pCR showed better event-free survival (EFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) than non-pCR. The estimated 3-year EFS rate, 3-year DFS rate, and 3-year OS rate were 71.4% (95% CI, 57.2-89.2%), 78.8% (95% CI, 65.1-95.5%), and 70.9% (95% CI, 54.8-91.6%), respectively. The objective response rate and disease control rate were 84.4% (95% CI, 68.3-93.1%) and 96.9% (95% CI, 84.3-99.5%), respectively. Twenty-five (86.2%) received adjuvant therapy. The main grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were lymphopenia (34.4%), neutropenia (28.1%), and leukopenia (15.6%). no patients died from TRAE. The LDH level exhibited a better predictive value to pathological responses than PD-L1 and MSI status. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated an encouraging efficacy and manageable safety profile of neoadjuvant sintilimab plus FLOT in HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer, which suggested a potential therapeutic option for this population.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Docetaxel , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Unión Esofagogástrica , Fluorouracilo , Leucovorina , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Unión Esofagogástrica/patología , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/administración & dosificación , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/efectos adversos , Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patología , Adulto , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Leucovorina/efectos adversos , Leucovorina/uso terapéutico , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/efectos adversos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Oxaliplatino/administración & dosificación , Oxaliplatino/efectos adversos , Oxaliplatino/uso terapéutico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
6.
Clin Drug Investig ; 44(3): 149-162, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300386

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Camrelizumab plus rivoceranib showed significant clinical benefits in progression-free survival and overall survival compared to sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to assess its cost effectiveness from the perspective of Chinese health care system. METHODS: A Markov state-transition model was developed based on the Phase 3 randomized CARES-310 clinical trial data. Health state utility values were obtained from the CARES-310 clinical trial, and direct medical costs were derived from the relevant literature and local charges. The measured outcomes included quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Probabilistic and one-way sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the uncertainty of the model. RESULTS: In the base-case analysis, the incremental effectiveness and cost of camrelizumab plus rivoceranib versus sorafenib were 0.41 QALYs and $13,684.84, respectively, resulting in an ICER of $33,619.98/QALY, lower than the willingness-to-pay threshold of China ($35,864.61/QALY). Subgroup analyses revealed that the ICERs of camrelizumab plus rivoceranib versus sorafenib were $35,920.01 and $29,717.98 in patients with ALBI grade 1 and grade 2, respectively. One-way sensitivity analyses indicated that the cost of camrelizumab, the proportion of patients receiving subsequent treatment in the camrelizumab plus rivoceranib group, and the cost of rivoceranib were the most significant factors in the base-case analysis. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis suggested that the probabilities of cost effectiveness of camrelizumab plus rivoceranib were 61.27%, 51.46%, and 82.78% for any grade, and ALBI grade 1 and grade 2, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Camrelizumab plus rivoceranib was more cost effective than sorafenib as first-line therapy for unresectable HCC in the Chinese setting.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Piridinas , Humanos , Sorafenib/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Análisis de Costo-Efectividad , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Atención a la Salud
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 1384, 2024 01 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228757

RESUMEN

This pilot study analyzed the dietary patterns of patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing initial pembrolizumab, an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), treatment in the month before treatment. Serum fatty acid fractions and their associations with ICI treatment efficacy were also investigated. The results showed that long-term survivors (those who survived for ≥ 3 years) consumed significantly more seafood than short-term survivors (those who survived for < 3 years). Furthermore, the serum levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) as well as the ratio of EPA to arachidonic acid (EPA/AA) were higher in the long-term survivors than those in the short-term survivors. The group with a high serum EPA/AA ratio had a significantly higher overall survival rate after ICI treatment than the group with a low serum EPA/AA ratio. In conclusion, higher dietary seafood consumption may improve OS in lung cancer patients treated with ICI and the serum EPA/AA ratio may be a useful biomarker for determining the efficacy of ICI treatment. Thus, supplements that increase the serum EPA/AA ratio could serve as new nutritional interventions for enhancing the efficacy of ICI treatment. However, further large-scale case and intervention studies are required.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico , Ácido Araquidónico , Proyectos Piloto , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico
10.
JAMA ; 331(3): 201-211, 2024 01 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227033

RESUMEN

Importance: Adjuvant and neoadjuvant immunotherapy have improved clinical outcomes for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the optimal combination of checkpoint inhibition with chemotherapy remains unknown. Objective: To determine whether toripalimab in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy will improve event-free survival and major pathological response in patients with stage II or III resectable NSCLC compared with chemotherapy alone. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial enrolled patients with stage II or III resectable NSCLC (without EGFR or ALK alterations for nonsquamous NSCLC) from March 12, 2020, to June 19, 2023, at 50 participating hospitals in China. The data cutoff date for this interim analysis was November 30, 2022. Interventions: Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive 240 mg of toripalimab or placebo once every 3 weeks combined with platinum-based chemotherapy for 3 cycles before surgery and 1 cycle after surgery, followed by toripalimab only (240 mg) or placebo once every 3 weeks for up to 13 cycles. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were event-free survival (assessed by the investigators) and the major pathological response rate (assessed by blinded, independent pathological review). The secondary outcomes included the pathological complete response rate (assessed by blinded, independent pathological review) and adverse events. Results: Of the 501 patients randomized, 404 had stage III NSCLC (202 in the toripalimab + chemotherapy group and 202 in the placebo + chemotherapy group) and 97 had stage II NSCLC and were excluded from this interim analysis. The median age was 62 years (IQR, 56-65 years), 92% of patients were male, and the median follow-up was 18.3 months (IQR, 12.7-22.5 months). For the primary outcome of event-free survival, the median length was not estimable (95% CI, 24.4 months-not estimable) in the toripalimab group compared with 15.1 months (95% CI, 10.6-21.9 months) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.40 [95% CI, 0.28-0.57], P < .001). The major pathological response rate (another primary outcome) was 48.5% (95% CI, 41.4%-55.6%) in the toripalimab group compared with 8.4% (95% CI, 5.0%-13.1%) in the placebo group (between-group difference, 40.2% [95% CI, 32.2%-48.1%], P < .001). The pathological complete response rate (secondary outcome) was 24.8% (95% CI, 19.0%-31.3%) in the toripalimab group compared with 1.0% (95% CI, 0.1%-3.5%) in the placebo group (between-group difference, 23.7% [95% CI, 17.6%-29.8%]). The incidence of immune-related adverse events occurred more frequently in the toripalimab group. No unexpected treatment-related toxic effects were identified. The incidence of grade 3 or higher adverse events, fatal adverse events, and adverse events leading to discontinuation of treatment were comparable between the groups. Conclusions and Relevance: The addition of toripalimab to perioperative chemotherapy led to a significant improvement in event-free survival for patients with resectable stage III NSCLC and this treatment strategy had a manageable safety profile. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04158440.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Compuestos de Platino , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/efectos adversos , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/cirugía , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirugía , Respuesta Patológica Completa , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Terapia Combinada , Compuestos de Platino/administración & dosificación , Compuestos de Platino/uso terapéutico , Anciano
12.
Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res ; 24(3): 413-426, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289042

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The Asian PEONY trial showed that add-on pertuzumab to trastuzumab and chemotherapy significantly improved pathological complete response in the neoadjuvant treatment of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) early breast cancer (EBC). This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of pertuzumab as an add-on therapy to trastuzumab and chemotherapy for neoadjuvant treatment of patients with HER2+ EBC in Singapore. METHODS: A six-state Markov model was developed from the Singapore healthcare system perspective, with a lifetime time horizon. Model outputs were: costs; life-years (LYs); quality-adjusted LYs (QALYs); incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Sensitivity/scenario analyses explored model uncertainties. RESULTS: The base case projected the addition of pertuzumab to be associated with improved outcomes by 0.277 LYs and 0.271 QALYs, increased costs by S$1,387, and an ICER of S$5,121/QALY. The ICER was most sensitive to the pCR rate, and the probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that add-on pertuzumab had an 81.3% probability of being cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of S$45,000/QALY gained. CONCLUSIONS: This model demonstrated that the long-term clinical impact of early pertuzumab use, particularly the avoidance of metastatic disease and thus avoidance of higher costs and mortality rates, make neoadjuvant pertuzumab a cost-effective option in the management of patients with HER2+ breast cancer in Singapore.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Biosimilares Farmacéuticos , Neoplasias de la Mama , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Análisis de Costo-Efectividad , Singapur , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Trastuzumab
13.
Oncology ; 102(1): 30-42, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598676

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Pembrolizumab (Pemb) therapy in conjunction with carboplatin and paclitaxel (PTX)/nab-PTX has been efficacious in treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the response predictors of this combination therapy (Pemb-combination) remain undetermined. We aimed to evaluate whether Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), body mass index (BMI), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are potential factors in prognosticating the response to Pemb-combination therapy in advanced NSCLC patients. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 144 NSCLC patients receiving first-line treatment with Pemb-combination therapy from 13 institutions between December 1, 2018, and December 31, 2020. GPS, NLR, BMI, PLR, and PNI were assessed for their efficacy as prognostic indicators. Cox proportional hazard models and the Kaplan-Meier method were used to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients. RESULTS: The treatment exhibited a response rate of 63.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 55.0-70.6%). Following Pemb-combination administration, the median PFS and OS were 7.3 (95% CI: 5.3-9.4) and 16.5 (95% CI: 13.9-22.1) months, respectively. Contrary to PNI, NLR, GPS, BMI, and PLR did not display substantially different PFS in univariate analysis. However, multivariate analysis did not identify PNI as an independent prognostic factor for PFS. Furthermore, univariate analysis revealed that GPS, BMI, and PLR exhibited similar values for OS but not NLR and PNI. Patients with PNI ≥45 were predicted to have better OS than those with PNI <45 (OS: 23.4 and 13.9 months, respectively, p = 0.0028). Multivariate analysis did not establish NLR as an independent prognostic factor for OS. CONCLUSION: The PNI evidently predicted OS in NSCLC patients treated with Pemb-combination as first-line therapy, thereby validating its efficiency as a prognostic indicator of NSCLC.


Asunto(s)
Albúminas , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Pronóstico , Evaluación Nutricional , Carboplatino , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Recuento de Linfocitos , Paclitaxel , Neutrófilos
14.
Clin Cancer Res ; 30(2): 269-273, 2024 01 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676259

RESUMEN

On October 21, 2022, the FDA approved tremelimumab (Imjudo) in combination with durvalumab for adult patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The approval was based on the results from the HIMALAYA study, in which patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma who were naïve to previous systemic treatment were randomly assigned to receive one of three study arms: tremelimumab in combination with durvalumab (n = 393), durvalumab (n = 389), or sorafenib (n = 389). The primary objective of improvement in overall survival (OS) for tremelimumab in combination with durvalumab compared with sorafenib met statistical significance with a stratified HR of 0.78 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.66-0.92; P = 0.0035]. The median OS was 16.4 months (95% CI, 14.2-19.6) with tremelimumab in combination with durvalumab and 13.8 months (95% CI, 12.3-16.1) with sorafenib. Adverse reactions occurring in ≥20% of patients receiving tremelimumab in combination with durvalumab were rash, fatigue, diarrhea, pruritus, musculoskeletal pain, and abdominal pain. The recommended tremelimumab dose for patients weighing 30 kg or more is 300 mg, i.v., as a single dose in combination with durvalumab 1,500 mg at cycle 1/day 1, followed by durvalumab 1,500 mg, i.v., every 4 weeks. For those weighing less than 30 kg, the recommended tremelimumab dose is 4 mg/kg, i.v., as a single dose in combination with durvalumab 20 mg/kg, i.v., followed by durvalumab 20 mg/kg, i.v., every 4 weeks.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Anticuerpos Monoclonales , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiología , Sorafenib , Resultado del Tratamiento , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiología
16.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 62(2): 61-68, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085095

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Regarding the therapeutic target in asthma, super-responder status (SR) is a status without systemic corticosteroids. Recently, clinical remission (CR), being a status of prolonged absence of asthma symptoms without systemic corticosteroids and/or normal pulmonary function, has gained attention as a new therapeutic target in asthma. Here, we examined the percentage and features of asthma patients on treatment with dupilumab showing SR and CR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 49 asthma patients used subcutaneous dupilumab for > 1 year between April 2019 and November 2022. The status of SR and CR for 1 year was evaluated. Patients without any maintenance oral corticosteroids and exacerbations requiring systemic corticosteroids were classified as SR. CR was defined using three definitions based on changes in asthma symptoms and pulmonary function in addition to achieving SR for 1 year: CR without pulmonary function criteria (CR w/o F), fulfilment of asthma symptom improvement (asthma control questionnaire score < 0.75 or asthma control test score ≥ 23); and CR-70 or CR-80, pulmonary function improvement (%forced expiratory volume in 1 second ≥ 70% or ≥ 80%) in addition to achieving CR w/o F, respectively. RESULTS: 38 (77.6%), 22 (44.9%), 13 (26.5%), 12 (24.5%) of patients had SR, CR w/o F, CR-70, and CR-80, respectively. Severe eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis was significantly more found in patients with SR and CR based on all three definitions than in those without. CONCLUSION: This study identified the percentage and features of patients on treatment with dupilumab showing SR and CR in a real-world setting. The outcome beyond CR on biologic treatment should be clarified.


Asunto(s)
Antiasmáticos , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Asma , Humanos , Antiasmáticos/uso terapéutico , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Corticoesteroides/uso terapéutico , Terapia Biológica
17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 30(2): 344-355, 2024 01 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955629

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, toxicities, and potential role of larynx preservation of induction chemotherapy combined with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor in locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a single-arm phase II study. Patients with histopathologically confirmed, resectable locally advanced laryngeal/hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status 0-1 were eligible. Three cycles of induction chemotherapy (paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 d1, cisplatin 25 mg/m2 d1-3) combined with PD-1 inhibitor (toripalimab 240 mg d0) were administered. Response assessment was performed after induction chemoimmunotherapy using RECIST 1.1 criteria. Patients with a complete/partial response of the primary tumor received concurrent chemoradiation, followed by maintenance therapy of toripalimab. Otherwise, patients were referred to surgery, followed by adjuvant (chemo) radiation and maintenance therapy of toripalimab. The primary endpoint is a larynx preservation rate at 3 months postradiation. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were enrolled. Most cases exhibited stage IV disease (81.5%), with T4 representing 37.0%. Five patients underwent pretreatment tracheostomy because of impaired larynx function. Overall response rate of induction chemoimmunotherapy was 85.2%. At 3 months postradiation, the larynx preservation rate was 88.9%. With a median follow-up of 18.7 months, the 1-year overall survival rate, progression-free survival rate, and larynx preservation rate were 84.7%, 77.6%, and 88.7%, respectively. When excluding those with pretreatment tracheostomy, the 1-year larynx preservation rate was 95.5%. Exploratory analysis revealed that relapse correlated with enrichment of RNA signature of hypoxia and M2 macrophage-associated genes. CONCLUSIONS: Induction toripalimab combined with chemotherapy provided encouraging activity, promising larynx preservation rate and acceptable toxicity in this cohort of extensively locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Laringe , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/patología , Preservación de Órganos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patología , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología , Fluorouracilo , Laringectomía , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Laringe/patología , Cisplatino , Quimioterapia de Inducción , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Curr Pediatr Rev ; 20(3): 240-252, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37702168

RESUMEN

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most frequent chronic-recurrent inflammatory skin disease in the pediatric age. It has a complex and multifactorial pathogenesis: the two key actors are impaired skin barrier function and immune system dysregulation, which represent the main targets of AD therapy. Monoclonal antibodies have revolutionized the management of moderate-to-severe AD, by selective inhibition of key cytokines in the pathogenetic process. For this reason, there is great interest in exploring AD pathogenetic mechanisms to develop new therapeutic strategies. This review aims to summarize the most recent scientific evidence on available and future biological therapies for the treatment of pediatric AD, emphasizing the molecular mechanisms underlying their action.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis Atópica , Humanos , Niño , Dermatitis Atópica/tratamiento farmacológico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/uso terapéutico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/uso terapéutico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/farmacología , Piel/patología , Terapia Biológica
19.
Oncology ; 102(3): 239-251, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37729889

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Systemic therapy is recommended for patients with Child-Pugh A in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We analyzed the outcomes of a cohort of patients with HCC who received either sorafenib (Sor), lenvatinib (Len) or atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (Atezo + Bev) as first-line systemic therapy for HCC, with the aim of identifying prognostic factors for survival. METHODS: A total of 825 patients with advanced HCC and Child-Pugh A or B received either Sor, Len or Atezo + Bev as first-line systemic therapy. Liver function was assessed according to the Child-Pugh score and the modified albumin-bilirubin (mALBI) grade. RESULTS: Prognosis was analyzed according to liver function such as Child-Pugh classifications, scores, and mALBI grades that worsened with a decline in liver function (p <0.001 for all). A Child-Pugh score of 7 was a factor significantly associated with OS. In patients with a Child-Pugh score of 7, an mALBI grade of 3 was an independent predictor of OS. In Child-Pugh B patients with HCC, receiving Atezo + Bev was identified as a factor associated with PFS. CONCLUSION: Determining the hepatic reserve of patients with unresectable HCC might be useful for identifying patents suitable for systemic treatment for HCC. Atezo + Bev might prolong the PFS of patients with a Child-Pugh score of 7.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Compuestos de Fenilurea , Quinolinas , Humanos , Sorafenib , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Bevacizumab , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Albúminas , Bilirrubina
20.
Am J Clin Dermatol ; 25(2): 315-325, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37804472

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis with biologics, such as guselkumab, has demonstrated greater efficacy over traditional non-biologic treatments. However, given patient diversity, greater understanding of the relationship between patient characteristics, positive clinical outcomes, and long-term response to biologics is crucial for optimizing treatment choices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This post-hoc analysis of the 5-year VOYAGE 1 clinical trial compares baseline characteristics of patients maintaining a Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score of 0 at all visits for ≥ 156 consecutive weeks (PASI = 0 group) with those that never achieve PASI = 0 (comparator group), using descriptive statistics and a multiple logistic regression model. Guselkumab plasma trough concentrations in both response groups were assessed from Weeks 4-156. RESULTS: Of patients who started guselkumab treatment at Week 0 or at Week 16 after switching from placebo, 22.7% (112/494) maintained PASI = 0 for ≥ 156 consecutive weeks. Numerical differences in baseline characteristics, including age, obesity, diabetes, PASI score, disease duration, smoking status, and psoriatic arthritis comorbidity, were identified between the PASI = 0 group and comparator group. Plasma guselkumab levels were consistently higher in the PASI = 0 group. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed absence of diabetes, lower Dermatology Life Quality Index score at baseline, and higher Week 4 guselkumab plasma concentration as significantly (p < 0.05) associated with the PASI = 0 group. CONCLUSION: A substantial (22.7%) number of guselkumab-treated patients in the VOYAGE 1 clinical trial maintained complete skin clearance for a consecutive period of ≥ 156 weeks. Factors associated with this outcome may suggest clinical benefits of holistic treatment approaches. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02207231.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Productos Biológicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Psoriasis , Humanos , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/uso terapéutico , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Psoriasis/diagnóstico , Psoriasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Productos Biológicos/uso terapéutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Método Doble Ciego
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