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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118190, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614264

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Guizhi Fuling Wan (GFW), is a traditional Chinese herbal formula that consists of Cinnamomi Ramulus (Guizhi), Poria Cocos(Schw.) Wolf. (Fuling), Persicae Semen (Taoren), Radix Paeoniae Rubra (Chishao), and Cortex Moutan (Mudanpi). This formula has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 1800 years to treat disorders caused by stagnation of circulation and qi (air). AIM OF THE STUDY: Based on pre-clinical and clinical studies, this review aimed to reveal the potential mechanisms of GFW in inhibiting endometriosis. The enhancement of therapeutic effects of western medications on endometriosis by GFW was also shown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic assessment of publications on "Guizhi Fuling Wan" and "endometriosis" indexed in PubMed, Science Direct, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) was conducted. Five pre-clinical studies and 13 clinical studies were selected for this review. Moreover, the targeted molecules of each herb were first extracted from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) Database and Analysis Platform followed by obtaining the endometriosis-related genes from DisGeNET. Subsequently, pathway and gene ontology analyses using David Bioinformatics Resources explored the potential mechanisms of therapeutic effects of GFW in treating endometriosis. RESULTS: Pre-clinical and clinical studies showed that GFW might inhibit the growth of endometriotic lesion through the modulation of immunity, apoptosis-regulating molecules, and angiogenesis-associated factors, while enhancing the therapeutic effects of western medications in treating endometriosis. Furthermore, pathway and gene ontology analyses demonstrated that GFW might attenuate the disease primarily by affecting AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications (hsa04933) as well as pathways involved in Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection (hsa05167), human cytomegalovirus infection (has05163), and fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis (hsa05418). These pathways were all involved in the regulation of inflammation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis and commonly affected by all herbs. CONCLUSIONS: The current review revealed that endometriosis is highly associated with aberrant inflammatory, angiogenic, and apoptotic activities. The therapeutic effects of GFW on endometriosis are likely to act through regulating these activities.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Endometriosis , Medicina Tradicional China , Endometriosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Femenino , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Animales , Bases de Datos Factuales
2.
IEEE J Biomed Health Inform ; 28(6): 3732-3741, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568767

RESUMEN

Health disparities among marginalized populations with lower socioeconomic status significantly impact the fairness and effectiveness of healthcare delivery. The increasing integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into healthcare presents an opportunity to address these inequalities, provided that AI models are free from bias. This paper aims to address the bias challenges by population disparities within healthcare systems, existing in the presentation of and development of algorithms, leading to inequitable medical implementation for conditions such as pulmonary embolism (PE) prognosis. In this study, we explore the diverse bias in healthcare systems, which highlights the demand for a holistic framework to reducing bias by complementary aggregation. By leveraging de-biasing deep survival prediction models, we propose a framework that disentangles identifiable information from images, text reports, and clinical variables to mitigate potential biases within multimodal datasets. Our study offers several advantages over traditional clinical-based survival prediction methods, including richer survival-related characteristics and bias-complementary predicted results. By improving the robustness of survival analysis through this framework, we aim to benefit patients, clinicians, and researchers by enhancing fairness and accuracy in healthcare AI systems.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Embolia Pulmonar , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidad , Análisis de Supervivencia , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Pronóstico , Bases de Datos Factuales
3.
Int J Health Policy Manag ; 13: 8038, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618830

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Healthcare services worldwide are transforming themselves into value-based organizations. Integrated care is an important aspect of value-based healthcare (VBHC), but practical evidence-based recommendations for the successful implementation of integrated care within a VBHC context are lacking. This systematic review aims to identify how value-based integrated care (VBIC) is defined in literature, and to summarize the literature regarding the effects of VBIC, and the facilitators and barriers for its implementation. METHODS: Embase, Medline ALL, Web of Science Core Collection, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails databases were searched from inception until January 2022. Empirical studies that implemented and evaluated an integrated care intervention within a VBHC context were included. Non-empirical studies were included if they described either a definition of VBIC or facilitators and barriers for its implementation. Theoretical articles and articles without an available full text were excluded. All included articles were analysed qualitatively. The Rainbow Model of Integrated Care (RMIC) was used to analyse the VBIC interventions. The quality of the articles was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT). RESULTS: After screening 1328 titles/abstract and 485 full-text articles, 24 articles were included. No articles were excluded based on quality. One article provided a definition of VBIC. Eleven studies reported-mostly positive- effects of VBIC, on clinical outcomes, patient-reported outcomes, and healthcare utilization. Nineteen studies reported facilitators and barriers for the implementation of VBIC; factors related to reimbursement and information technology (IT) infrastructure were reported most frequently. CONCLUSION: The concept of VBIC is not well defined. The effect of VBIC seems promising, but the exact interpretation of effect evaluations is challenged by the precedence of multicomponent interventions, multiple testing and generalizability issues. For successful implementation of VBIC, it is imperative that healthcare organizations consider investing in adequate IT infrastructure and new reimbursement models. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO (CRD42021259025).


Asunto(s)
Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Instituciones de Salud , Humanos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Investigación Empírica
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7659, 2024 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561511

RESUMEN

Analyze the adverse event (AE) signals of istradefylline based on the FAERS database. By extracting large-scale data from the FAERS database, this study used various signal quantification techniques such as ROR, PRR, BCPNN, and MGPS to calculate and evaluate the ratio and association between istradefylline and specific AEs. In the FAERS database, this study extracted data from the third quarter of 2019 to the first quarter of 2023, totaling 6,749,750 AE reports. After data cleansing and drug screening, a total of 3633 AE reports related to istradefylline were included for analysis. Based on four calculation methods, this study unearthed 25 System Organ Class (SOC) AE signals and 82 potential preferred terms (PTs) related to istradefylline. The analysis revealed new AEs during istradefylline treatment, including reports of Parkinsonism hyperpyrexia syndrome (n = 3, ROR 178.70, PRR 178.63, IC 1.97, EBGM 165.63), Compulsions (n = 5, ROR 130.12, PRR 130.04, IC 2.53, EBGM 123.02), Deep brain stimulation (n = 10, ROR 114.42, PRR 114.27, IC 3.33, EBGM 108.83), and Freezing phenomenon (n = 60, ROR 97.52, PRR 96.76, IC 5.21, EBGM 92.83). This study provides new risk signals and important insights into the use of istradefylline, but further research and validation are needed, especially for those AE that may occur in actual usage scenarios but are not yet explicitly described in the instructions.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Compulsiva , Purinas , Estados Unidos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Purinas/efectos adversos , United States Food and Drug Administration
5.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613019

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The association between soy product consumption and cancer risk varies among studies. Therefore, this comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies examines the association between soy product consumption and total cancer risk. METHODS: This study was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. Up to October 2023, all eligible published studies were searched through PubMed and Web of Science databases. RESULTS: A total of 52 studies on soy product consumption were included in this meta-analysis (17 cohort studies and 35 case-control studies). High consumption of total soy products (RR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.60, 0.80), tofu (RR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.70, 0.86), and soymilk (RR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.60, 0.93) were associated with reduced total cancer risk. No association was found between high consumption of fermented soy products (RR: 1.18; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.47), non-fermented soy products (RR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.77, 1.18), soy paste (RR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.88, 1.14), miso soup (RR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.87, 1.12), or natto (RR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.82, 1.11) and cancer risk. A 54 g per day increment of total soy products reduced cancer risk by 11%, a 61 g per day increment of tofu reduced cancer risk by 12%, and a 23 g per day increment of soymilk reduced cancer risk by 28%, while none of the other soy products were associated with cancer risk. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that high total soy product consumption, especially soymilk and tofu, is associated with lower cancer risk. More prospective cohort studies are still needed to confirm the causal relationship between soy product consumption and cancer risk.


Asunto(s)
Suplementos Dietéticos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Bases de Datos Factuales , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/etiología , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Estudios Observacionales como Asunto
6.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613122

RESUMEN

Vitamin D reduces prostaglandin levels and inflammation, making it a promising treatment option for dysmenorrhoea. However, its effects on pain intensity in different types of dysmenorrhoea remain unclear. We examined whether vitamin D supplementation decreases pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhoea. The Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar, Medline, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to 30 December 2023. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating vitamin D supplementation effects on such patients were included. The primary and secondary outcomes were measured by the changes in pain intensity and rescue analgesic use, respectively. Pooled mean differences and rate ratios were calculated using a random-effect model; trial sequential analysis (TSA) was also performed. Overall, 11 studies involving 687 participants were included. Vitamin D supplementation significantly decreased pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhoea compared with controls (pooled mean difference, -1.64; 95% confidence interval, -2.27 to -1.00; p < 0.001; CoE, moderate; I2 statistic, 79.43%) and indicated substantial heterogeneity among the included studies. TSA revealed that the current RCTs provide sufficient information. In subgroup analyses, vitamin D supplement reduced primary dysmenorrhoea pain but not secondary dysmenorrhoea pain. In conclusion, although substantial heterogeneity persists, vitamin D supplementation decreased pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhea, especially in those with primary dysmenorrhoea.


Asunto(s)
Dismenorrea , Vitaminas , Femenino , Humanos , Dismenorrea/tratamiento farmacológico , Vitamina D/uso terapéutico , Bases de Datos Factuales , Suplementos Dietéticos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
7.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 92(4): 213-225, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573713

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: We sought to address a growing debate regarding the adverse and salutary impact of unusual, extraordinary or intense subjective experiences during meditation-based interventions. To do so, we empirically characterized such peak experiences during an intensive meditation intervention and their impact postintervention. METHOD: We conducted a preregistered prospective intervention study among 96 adults who registered for 6-day insight (Vipassana) mindfulness meditation retreats and 47 matched controls. Controls were selected from a pool of 543 people recruited from the same community of meditators as retreat participants and systematically matched to retreat participants on age and lifetime meditation experience. Measures included the novel Peak Meditative Experience Scale and the Impact of PMES. RESULTS: Seventeen peak experiences that were primarily pleasant (e.g., deep and unusual peace, aha! Moment) occurred more frequently among retreat participants than among matched controls in daily living (ps < .05; mean ϕ = .33). In contrast, 14 peak experiences that were mostly unpleasant (e.g., flashbacks, overwhelming sadness) occurred at similar rates in both groups (ps > .05). At 2-week follow-up, the perceived impact of all pleasant and most unpleasant peak experiences was more salutary than adverse (ps ≤ .015; M Cohen's d = 1.61). CONCLUSIONS: Peak experiences that resulted from meditation retreats were primarily pleasant and had a large salutary impact postretreat. Inconsistent with conclusions from uncontrolled retrospective studies, findings document that intensive insight mindfulness meditation training in retreats may not contribute to unpleasant peak experiences and even when they occurred their impact was typically more salutary than adverse. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Meditación , Atención Plena , Adulto , Humanos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Retrospectivos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37512, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579077

RESUMEN

ShenGui capsule (SGC), as a herbal compound, has significant effects on the treatment of heart failure (HF), but its mechanism of action is unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential pharmacological targets and mechanisms of SGC in the treatment of HF using network pharmacology and molecular docking approaches. Potential active ingredients of SGC were obtained from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform database and screened by pharmacokinetic parameters. Target genes of HF were identified by comparing the toxicogenomics database, GeneCards, and DisGeNET databases. Protein interaction networks and gene-disorder-target networks were constructed using Cytoscape for visual analysis. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes were also performed to identify protein functional annotations and potential target signaling pathways through the DAVID database. CB-DOCK was used for molecular docking to explore the role of IL-1ß with SGC compounds. Sixteen active ingredients in SGC were screened from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform, of which 36 target genes intersected with HF target genes. Protein-protein interactions suggested that each target gene was closely related, and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) was identified as Hub gene. The network pharmacology analysis suggested that these active ingredients were well correlated with HF. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis suggested that target genes were highly enriched in pathways such as inflammation. Molecular docking results showed that IL-1ß binds tightly to SGC active components. This experiment provides an important research basis for the mechanism of action of SGC in the treatment of HF. In this study, the active compounds of SGC were found to bind IL-1ß for the treatment of heart failure.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Mapas de Interacción de Proteínas , Bases de Datos Factuales , Interleucina-1beta , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
9.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 32(10): 464-471, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484091

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D plays a critical role in bone health, affecting bone mineral density and fracture healing. Insufficient serum vitamin D levels are associated with increased fracture rates. Despite guidelines advocating vitamin D supplementation, little is known about the prescription rates after fragility fractures. This study aims to characterize vitamin D prescription rates after three common fragility fractures in patients older than 50 years and explore potential factors influencing prescription rates. METHODS: The study used the PearlDiver Database, identifying patients older than 50 years with hip fractures, spinal compression fractures, or distal radius fractures between 2010 and 2020. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and vitamin D prescription rates were analyzed. Statistical methods included chi-square analysis and univariate and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: A total of 3,214,294 patients with fragility fractures were included. Vitamin D prescriptions increased from 2.50% to nearly 6% for all fracture types from 2010 to 2020. Regional variations existed, with the Midwest having the highest prescription rate (4.25%) and the West the lowest (3.31%). Patients with comorbidities such as diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, female sex, age older than 60 years, and osteoporosis were more likely to receive vitamin D prescriptions. DISCUSSION: Despite a notable increase in vitamin D prescriptions after fragility fractures, the absolute rates remain low. Patient comorbidities influenced prescription rates, perhaps indicating growing awareness of the link between vitamin D deficiency and these conditions. However, individuals older than 60 years, a high-risk group, were markedly less likely to receive prescriptions, possibly because of practice variations and concerns about polypharmacy. Educational initiatives and revised guidelines may have improved vitamin D prescription rates after fragility fractures. However, there is a need to raise awareness about the importance of vitamin D for bone health, particularly in older adults, and additional study variations in prescription practices. These findings emphasize the importance of enhancing post-fracture care to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with fragility fractures. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Asunto(s)
Bases de Datos Factuales , Vitamina D , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Vitamina D/uso terapéutico , Vitamina D/sangre , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/prevención & control , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/epidemiología , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera , Fracturas del Radio , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Prescripciones de Medicamentos/estadística & datos numéricos , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Comorbilidad
10.
Am J Surg ; 233: 100-107, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494357

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many surgical risk assessment tools emphasize patient-specific risk factors. Our objective was to use a hernia-specific database to assess risk factors of complications in ventral hernia repair (VHR) focusing on hernia-specific and procedural factors. METHODS: The ACHQC database was queried for elective VHR in adults from 2012 to 2023. Primary outcome was overall 30-day complications. Multivariable logistic regression was used for analysis. RESULTS: 41,526 VHR were included. The rate of 30-day complications was 18%, surgical site infection 3%, surgical site occurrence requiring procedural intervention 4%, readmission 4%, reoperation 2%, and mortality 0.2%. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that BMI, ASA, frailty, COPD, anticoagulants, defect width, incisional and recurrent hernias, presence of stoma or prior mesh, prior abdominal wall infection, non-clean wound, operative time, open approach and myofascial release were associated with 30-day complications (OR â€‹= â€‹1.01-1.66). Preoperative chlorhexidine, bowel preparation and fascial closure were associated with lower complication risk (OR â€‹= â€‹0.70-0.89). CONCLUSION: Hernia and procedural risk factors are associated with early complications following elective VHR. These factors need to be included in surgical risk assessment tools, to supplement patient-specific factors.


Asunto(s)
Hernia Ventral , Herniorrafia , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Hernia Ventral/cirugía , Herniorrafia/efectos adversos , Femenino , Factores de Riesgo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Anciano , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Adulto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos/efectos adversos , Bases de Datos Factuales
11.
Head Neck ; 46(7): 1589-1600, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482913

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In 2018, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network treatment guidelines began recommending the use of neck dissection during surgical management of stage I-II supraglottic laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). METHODS: Trends and factors associated with the use of neck dissection during larynx-preserving surgery for patients with cT1-2, N0, M0 supraglottic LSCC in the National Cancer Database (2004-2020) were evaluated using multivariable-adjusted logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 2080 patients who satisfied study eligibility criteria, 633 (30.4%) underwent neck dissection. Between 2018 and 2020, the rate of neck dissection was 39.0% (114/292). After multivariable adjustment, academic facility type, undergoing biopsy prior to surgery, and more radical surgery were significant predictors of receiving neck dissection. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this national analysis suggest that the utilization of guideline-concordant neck dissection for management of stage I-II supraglottic LSCC remains low and highlight the need to promote the practice of neck dissection for this patient population.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Laríngeas , Disección del Cuello , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirugía , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patología , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidad , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología , Estados Unidos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Laringectomía/métodos
12.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446737

RESUMEN

Accurately predicting the binding affinity between proteins and ligands is crucial in drug screening and optimization, but it is still a challenge in computer-aided drug design. The recent success of AlphaFold2 in predicting protein structures has brought new hope for deep learning (DL) models to accurately predict protein-ligand binding affinity. However, the current DL models still face limitations due to the low-quality database, inaccurate input representation and inappropriate model architecture. In this work, we review the computational methods, specifically DL-based models, used to predict protein-ligand binding affinity. We start with a brief introduction to protein-ligand binding affinity and the traditional computational methods used to calculate them. We then introduce the basic principles of DL models for predicting protein-ligand binding affinity. Next, we review the commonly used databases, input representations and DL models in this field. Finally, we discuss the potential challenges and future work in accurately predicting protein-ligand binding affinity via DL models.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Profundo , Ligandos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Diseño de Fármacos , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos
13.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 83, 2024 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459534

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the methodological quality of massage-related clinical practice guidelines (CPGs)/consensus on massage using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument and to summarize the current status of recommendations in the CPGs. METHODS: The Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), PubMed, Embase, and guideline websites (such as the Chinese Medical Ace Base, the China Association of Chinese Medicine, the World Health Organization, Guideline International Network, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network) were searched from inception to October 31, 2022. In addition, the reference lists of relevant studies were reviewed to identify domestic and overseas massage CPGs/consensus. The search terms adopted a combination of subject words and free words, mainly including traditional Chinese medicine, complementary therapies, Tuina, massage, manipulation, chiropractic/osteopathic, spinal, acupressure, guideline, and consensus. Two researchers independently completed the eligible records and extracted the data. Before the formal research, calibrations were performed twice on AGREE II, and all reviewers completed the pilot test three times until they understood and reached an agreement on the assessment items. Three researchers appraised the methodological quality of the included guidelines using the AGREE II instrument and calculated the overall intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of agreement. RESULTS: The evaluation results showed that among the 49 eligible CPGs/consensus, 4 (8.2%) CPGs/consensus were considered "recommended", 15 (30.6%) CPGs/consensus were considered "recommended with modifications", and 30 (61.2%) CPGs/consensus were considered "not recommended", while the consensus was considered "not recommended". Generally, the scores in the six domains of the guidelines were all higher than the consensus. Evaluation results for the overall quality of 36 CPGs showed that 4 (11%) were "good quality", 15 (42%) were "sufficient quality" and 17 (47%) were "lower quality". The AGREE II quality scores of domains ranged from 0.30 to 0.75 ([ICC = 0.993, 95% CI (0.992, 0.995)]). The domain of scope and purpose (domain 1), with a median score of 0.75 (0.52~0.91), performed best in the guidelines with AGREE II, and stakeholder involvement (domain 2) [median 0.39 (0.31~0.56)] and application (domain 5) [median 0.30 (0.17~0.47] obtained lower scores. The consensus score of domain 1 was better at 26.0 (21.6~44.8), followed by rigor of development (domain 3) with a score of 18.0 (10.0~28.9). A total of 119 massage-related recommendations were extracted from 49 guidelines/consensuses, including "in favor" (102, 85.7%), "against" (9, 7.6%), and "did not make recommendations" (8, 6.7%). CONCLUSION: The overall quality of the included guidelines was low, and most of the guidelines were not "recommended". In future guideline updates, the existing evidence should be used, the professional composition of members of the expert group should be enriched, and patients' values and preferences should be fully considered. It is necessary to clearly propose recognizable recommendations and strengthen the rigor and standardization of guideline formulation. Thus, clear standard guidelines can be formulated to better guide clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Bases de Datos Factuales , China
14.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 120, 2024 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481267

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is known for a harmless treatment when administered by well-trained clinicians. However, multiple case reports of traumatic adverse events (AEs) related to acupuncture treatments continue to be published in literature. In this review, we evaluated the reporting quality and conducted causality assessments of case studies that have reported acupuncture-related traumatic AEs in Korea. METHODS: Eight databases were searched from their inception to January 2024. Only Korean case studies that reported traumatic AEs following acupuncture procedures were included without any language restrictions. Reporting quality was evaluated based on patient characteristics, AEs, and acupuncture practice. Causality was assessed using the modified WHO-UMC causality criteria. RESULTS: Twenty-eight studies were included from a total of 1,154 identified studies. The quality of reporting in the included studies was low overall. While the descriptions of patient characteristics and AEs were relatively well detailed, most information on acupuncture practice was not reported at all. During the causality assessment, only three (10.7%) studies were judged to be "certain". Twelve (42.9%) studies were "unassessable" because they inadequately described the information necessary for decision-making. It was practically difficult to establish the causality between acupuncture and AEs, as well as the appropriateness of acupuncture practice. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient and inappropriate reporting was observed in most case studies reporting acupuncture-related traumatic AEs in Korea. To overcome these limitations, we have suggested tentative guidelines in the form of a set of items that should be reported by future authors who plan to publish case studies on acupuncture-related traumatic AEs in a clinical setting.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Humanos , Terapia por Acupuntura/efectos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Bases de Datos Factuales , República de Corea
15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(3): 343-350, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467512

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the rules of acupoint selection and compatibility of acupuncture for Tourette syndrome(TS) in children. METHODS: The relevant literature regarding acupuncture for Tourette syndrome in children included in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library from the establishment of the database to March 31st, 2023 was retrieved.The information of acupuncture prescription, syndrome type, meridian affinity was extracted to set up database. The Microsoft Excel 2019 was used for descriptive statistical analysis, SPSS modeler18.0 was for association rule analysis, lantern5.0 was for latent structure analysis and comprehensive clustering. RESULTS: ①A total of 80 literature was included, and 112 acupuncture prescriptions were extracted, involving 104 acupoints, with a cumulative frequency of 859 times.②The acupoints with high use frequency were Taichong(LR 3), Baihui(GV 20), Fengchi(GB 20), Hegu(LI 4), Sishencong(EX-HN 1), Sanyinjiao(SP 6) and Zusanli(ST 36).③In the treatment of TS with acupuncture, the governor vessel acupoints were the most frequently used, the proportion of acupoints on the head, face, neck and lower limbs was higher. ④The association rule analysis showed that Fengchi(GB 20)-Hegu(LI 4) and Taichong(LR 3)-Hegu(LI 4) had the highest support degree, both were 47.32%.⑤Five comprehensive clustering models were obtained by analyzing the latent structure of high-frequency acupoints, corresponding to yin deficiency disturbing wind, liver hyperactivity and spleen deficiency, liver yang transforming into wind, phlegm-heat harassing the interior and qi stagnation transformed fire. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture for TS in children is based on the principle of soothe the liver and extinguish the wind, regulating qi and blood, and paying attention to regulating spirit and qi. The core acupoints are Fengchi(GB 20), Hegu(LI 4), Taichong(LR 3), Baihui(GV 20), Sanyinjiao(SP 6) , Zusanli(ST 36), acupoints should be selected according to different syndrome in clinical.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Síndrome de Tourette , Niño , Humanos , Puntos de Acupuntura , Síndrome de Tourette/terapia , Bases de Datos Factuales
16.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 44(5): 347-352, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444080

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common and increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population. However, there remain sparse epidemiological data on the surgical treatment of these injuries. The objective of this study is to assess the trends in the rate of pediatric ACL reconstruction in Australia over the past 2 decades. METHODS: The incidence of ACL reconstruction from 2001 to 2020 in patients 5 to 14 years of age was analyzed using the Australian Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) database. Data were stratified by sex and year. An offset term was introduced using population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics to account for population changes over the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3719 reconstructions for the management of pediatric ACL injuries were performed in Australia under the MBS in the 20-year period from 2001 to 2020. There was a statistically significant annual increase in the total volume and per capita volume of pediatric ACL reconstructions performed across the study period ( P <0.0001). There was a significant increase in the rate of both male and female reconstructions ( P <0.0001), with a greater proportion of reconstructions performed on males (n=2073, 56%) than females (n=1646, 44%). In 2020, the rate of pediatric ACL reconstructions decreased to a level last seen in 2015, likely due to the effects of COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of ACL reconstruction in skeletally immature patients has increased in Australia over the 20-year study period. This increase is in keeping with evidence suggesting poor outcomes with nonoperative or delayed operative management.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrucción del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Anciano , Humanos , Niño , Masculino , Femenino , Australia/epidemiología , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/epidemiología , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirugía , Bases de Datos Factuales
17.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 102, 2024 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448936

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Effectively managing the coexistence of both diabetes and disability necessitates substantial effort. Whether disability onset affects adherence to type 2 diabetes medication remains unclear. This study investigated whether disability onset reduces such adherence and whether any reduction varies by disability type. METHODS: This study used the National Disability Registry and National Health Insurance Research Database from Taiwan to identify patients with type 2 diabetes who subsequently developed a disability from 2013 to 2020; these patients were matched with patients with type 2 diabetes without disability onset during the study period. Type 2 diabetes medication adherence was measured using the medication possession ratio (MPR). A difference-in-differences analysis was performed to determine the effect of disability onset on the MPR. RESULTS: The difference-in-differences analysis revealed that disability onset caused a reduction of 5.76% in the 1-year MPR (P < 0.001) and 13.21% in the 2-year MPR (P < 0.001). Among all disability types, organ disabilities, multiple disabilities, rare diseases, and a persistent vegetative state exhibited the largest reductions in 2-year MPR. CONCLUSIONS: Policies aimed at improving medication adherence in individuals with disabilities should consider not only the specific disability type but also the distinct challenges and barriers these patients encounter in maintaining medication adherence.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Pacientes , Bases de Datos Factuales , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Programas Nacionales de Salud
18.
Comput Biol Med ; 172: 108258, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467093

RESUMEN

Artificial intelligence (AI) has revolutionized many fields, and its potential in healthcare has been increasingly recognized. Based on diverse data sources such as imaging, laboratory tests, medical records, and electrophysiological data, diagnostic AI has witnessed rapid development in recent years. A comprehensive understanding of the development status, contributing factors, and their relationships in the application of AI to medical diagnostics is essential to further promote its use in clinical practice. In this study, we conducted a bibliometric analysis to explore the evolution of task-specific to general-purpose AI for medical diagnostics. We used the Web of Science database to search for relevant articles published between 2010 and 2023, and applied VOSviewer, the R package Bibliometrix, and CiteSpace to analyze collaborative networks and keywords. Our analysis revealed that the field of AI in medical diagnostics has experienced rapid growth in recent years, with a focus on tasks such as image analysis, disease prediction, and decision support. Collaborative networks were observed among researchers and institutions, indicating a trend of global cooperation in this field. Additionally, we identified several key factors contributing to the development of AI in medical diagnostics, including data quality, algorithm design, and computational power. Challenges to progress in the field include model explainability, robustness, and equality, which will require multi-stakeholder, interdisciplinary collaboration to tackle. Our study provides a holistic understanding of the path from task-specific, mono-modal AI toward general-purpose, multimodal AI for medical diagnostics. With the continuous improvement of AI technology and the accumulation of medical data, we believe that AI will play a greater role in medical diagnostics in the future.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Inteligencia Artificial , Bibliometría , Exactitud de los Datos , Bases de Datos Factuales
19.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155486, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471316

RESUMEN

BACKGROUD: Quantitative and standardized research on syndrome differentiation has always been at the forefront of modernizing Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory. However, the majority of existing databases primarily concentrate on the network pharmacology of herbal prescriptions, and there are limited databases specifically dedicated to TCM syndrome differentiation. PURPOSE: In response to this gap, we have developed the Traditional Chinese Medical Syndrome Standardization Database (TCMSSD, http://tcmssd.ratcm.cn). METHODS: TCMSSD is a comprehensive database that gathers data from various sources, including TCM literature such as TCM Syndrome Studies (Zhong Yi Zheng Hou Xue) and TCM Internal Medicine (Zhong Yi Nei Ke Xue) and various public databases such as TCMID and ETCM. In our study, we employ a deep learning approach to construct the knowledge graph and utilize the BM25 algorithm for syndrome prediction. RESULTS: The TCMSSD integrates the essence of TCM with the modern medical system, providing a comprehensive collection of information related to TCM. It includes 624 syndromes, 133,518 prescriptions, 8,073 diseases (including 1,843 TCM-specific diseases), 8,259 Chinese herbal medicines, 43,413 ingredients, 17,602 targets, and 8,182 drugs. By analyzing input data and comparing it with the patterns and characteristics recorded in the database, the syndrome prediction tool generates predictions based on established correlations and patterns. CONCLUSION: The TCMSSD fills the gap in existing databases by providing a comprehensive resource for quantitative and standardized research on TCM syndrome differentiation and laid the foundation for research on the biological basis of syndromes.


Asunto(s)
Bases de Datos Factuales , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicina Tradicional China/normas , Medicina Tradicional China/métodos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/normas , Humanos , Algoritmos , Síndrome
20.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 34(5): 1295-1304, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508994

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Diabetes retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes, and it is the main cause of global vision loss. The current observational research results show that the causal relationship between Vitamin D and DR is still controversial. Therefore, we conducted a Mendelian randomization study to determine the potential causal relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D 25(OH)D and DR. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, we selected aggregated data on serum 25(OH)D levels (GWAS ID: ebi-a-GCST90000615) and DR (GWAS ID: finn-b-DM_RETINOPATHY) from a large-scale GWAS database. Then use MR analysis to evaluate the possible causal relationship between them. We mainly use inverse variance weighted (IVW), supplemented by MR Egger and weighted median methods. Sensitivity analysis is also used to ensure the stability of the results, such as Cochran's Q-test, MR-PRESSO, MR-Egger interception test, and retention method. The MR analysis results showed that there was no significant causal relationship between 25(OH)D and DR (OR = 1.0128, 95%CI=(0.9593,1.0693), P = 0.6447); Similarly, there was no significant causal relationship between DR and serum 25 (OH) D levels (OR = 0.9900, 95% CI=(0.9758,1.0045), P = 0.1771). CONCLUSION: Our study found no significant causal relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels and DR, and vice versa. A larger sample size randomized controlled trial is needed to further reveal its potential causal relationship.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatía Diabética , Enfermedades de la Retina , Humanos , Análisis de la Aleatorización Mendeliana , Retinopatía Diabética/diagnóstico , Retinopatía Diabética/epidemiología , Retinopatía Diabética/genética , Vitamina D , Bases de Datos Factuales , Estudio de Asociación del Genoma Completo
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