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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 681-690, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621872

RESUMEN

This study aims to reveal the quality formation of different cultivars of Peucedanum praeruptorum based on the metabolic differences and provide a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of this medicinal herb. The non-target metabonomics analysis based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-MS/MS) was conducted for six cultivars(YS, H, LZ, LY, LX, and Z) of P. praeruptorum of the same origin and at the same development stage. The principal component analysis, orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, and univariate statistical analysis were carried out to screen the differential metabolites of different cultivars. The potential biomarkers associated with quality formation were predicted based on the mass-to-charge ratio, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment, information of relevant literature, and correlation analysis. The results showed that metabolites differed significantly among the six cultivars, and 571 and 465 differential metabolites were obtained in the positive and negative ion modes, respectively. From the differential metabolites, 22 potential biomarkers related to quality formation were predicted, which involved 9 metabolic pathways, including phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids, and biosynthesis of plant hormones. Compared with the YS cultivar, other cultivars showed decreased concentrations of psoralen, imperatorin, and luvangetin and increased concentrations of 7-hydroxycoumarine, esculetin, columbianetin, and jasmonic acid, which were involved in the biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids. The concentrations of 2-succinylbenzoate, heraclenol, and L-tyrosine involved in other metabolic pathways decreased, especially in the Z and H cultivars. Therefore, regulating the biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids is one of the key mechanisms for improving the cultivar quality of P. praeruptorum. The Z and H cultivars have better quality and metabolic processes than other cultivars and thus can be used for the screening and breeding of high-quality germplasm.


Asunto(s)
Fitomejoramiento , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Metabolómica/métodos , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1225-1239, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621969

RESUMEN

Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was employed to investigate the impacts of Pruni Semen processed with different methods(raw and fried) on the liver and spleen metabolism in mice. A total of 24 male mice were randomly assigned to three groups: raw Pruni Semen group, fried Pruni Semen group, and control(deionized water) group. Mice in the three groups were orally administrated with 0.01 g·mL~(-1) Pruni Semen decoction or deionized water for one week. After that, the liver and spleen tissues were collected, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS)-based metabolomic analysis was carried out to investigate the impact of Pruni Semen on the liver and spleen metabolism in mice. Compared with thte control group, the raw Pruni Semen group showed up-regulation of 11 metabolites and down-regulation of 57 metabolites in the spleen(P<0.05), as well as up-regulation of 15 metabolites and down-regulation of 58 metabolites in the liver(P<0.05). The fried Pruni Semen group showed up-regulation of 31 metabolites and down-regulation of 10 metabolites in the spleen(P<0.05), along with up-regulation of 26 metabolites and down-regulation of 61 metabolites in the liver(P<0.05). The differential metabolites identified in the raw Pruni Semen group were primarily associated with alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism, purine metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, and D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism. The differential metabolites identified in the fried Pruni Semen group predominantly involved riboflavin metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, purine metabolism, alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism, D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism, and glutathione metabolism. The findings suggest that both raw and fried Pruni Semen have the potential to modulate the metabolism of the liver and spleen in mice by influencing the glutamine and glutamate metabolism.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Glutámico , Bazo , Ratones , Masculino , Animales , Semen , Glutamina , Ácido Aspártico , Metabolómica/métodos , Hígado/metabolismo , Alanina/metabolismo , Amino Azúcares/metabolismo , Agua/metabolismo , Nucleótidos/metabolismo , Purinas/metabolismo , Azúcares , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
3.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613004

RESUMEN

A randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study was conducted to assess the effect of dietary supplementation with high-rich docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (Tridocosahexanoin-AOX® 70%) at 50 mg/kg/day in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) as compared with placebo. The duration of supplementation was 12 months. A total of 22 patients were included, with 11 in the DHA group and 11 in the placebo group. The mean age was 11.7 years. The outcome variables were pulmonary function, exacerbations, sputum cellularity, inflammatory biomarkers in sputum and peripheral blood, and anthropometric variables. In the DHA group, there was a significant increase in FVC (p = 0.004) and FVE1 expressed in liters (p = 0.044) as compared with placebo, and a lower median number of exacerbations (1 vs. 2). Differences in sputum cellularity (predominantly neutrophilic), neutrophilic elastase, and sputum and serum concentrations of resolvin D1 (RvD1), interleukin (IL)-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) between the study groups were not found. Significant increases in weight and height were also observed among DHA-supplemented patients. The administration of the study product was safe and well tolerated. In summary, the use of a highly concentrated DHA supplement for 1 year as compared with placebo improved pulmonary function and reduced exacerbations in pediatric CF.


Asunto(s)
Fibrosis Quística , Humanos , Niño , Fibrosis Quística/tratamiento farmacológico , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos , Antropometría , Biomarcadores , Suplementos Dietéticos
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8251, 2024 04 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589504

RESUMEN

Investigating acute stress responses is crucial to understanding the underlying mechanisms of stress. Current stress assessment methods include self-reports that can be biased and biomarkers that are often based on complex laboratory procedures. A promising additional modality for stress assessment might be the observation of body movements, which are affected by negative emotions and threatening situations. In this paper, we investigated the relationship between acute psychosocial stress induction and body posture and movements. We collected motion data from N = 59 individuals over two studies (Pilot Study: N = 20, Main Study: N = 39) using inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based motion capture suits. In both studies, individuals underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and a stress-free control condition (friendly-TSST; f-TSST) in randomized order. Our results show that acute stress induction leads to a reproducible freezing behavior, characterized by less overall motion as well as more and longer periods of no movement. Based on these data, we trained machine learning pipelines to detect acute stress solely from movement information, achieving an accuracy of 75.0 ± 17.7 % (Pilot Study) and 73.4 ± 7.7 % (Main Study). This, for the first time, suggests that body posture and movements can be used to detect whether individuals are exposed to acute psychosocial stress. While more studies are needed to further validate our approach, we are convinced that motion information can be a valuable extension to the existing biomarkers and can help to obtain a more holistic picture of the human stress response. Our work is the first to systematically explore the use of full-body body posture and movement to gain novel insights into the human stress response and its effects on the body and mind.


Asunto(s)
Estrés Psicológico , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Proyectos Piloto , Postura , Saliva , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
5.
Behav Brain Res ; 466: 114976, 2024 May 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599249

RESUMEN

Although there are various treatments available for depression, some patients may experience resistance to treatment or encounter adverse effects. Centella asiatica (C. asiatica) is an ancient medicinal herb used in Ayurvedic medicine for its rejuvenating, neuroprotective and psychoactive properties. This study aims to explore the antidepressant-like effects of the major constituents found in C. asiatica, i.e., asiatic acid, asiaticoside, madecassic acid, and madecassoside at three doses (1.25, 2.5, and 5 mg/kg, i.p), on the behavioural and cortisol level of unpredictable chronic stress (UCS) zebrafish model. Based on the findings from the behavioural study, the cortisol levels in the zebrafish body after treatment with the two most effective compounds were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, a molecular docking study was conducted to predict the inhibitory impact of the triterpenoid compounds on serotonin reuptake. The in vivo results indicate that madecassoside (1.25, 2.5, and 5 mg/kg), asiaticoside and asiatic acid (5 mg/kg) activated locomotor behaviour. Madecassoside at all tested doses and asiaticoside at 2.5 and 5 mg/kg significantly decreased cortisol levels compared to the stressed group, indicating the potential regulation effect of madecassoside and asiaticoside on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis overactivity. This study highlights the potential benefits of madecassoside and asiaticoside in alleviating depressive symptoms through their positive effects on behaviour and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)- axis in a chronic unpredictable stress zebrafish model. Furthermore, the in silico study provided additional evidence to support these findings. These promising results suggest that C. asiatica may be a valuable and cost-effective therapeutic option for depression, and further research should be conducted to explore its potential benefits.


Asunto(s)
Antidepresivos , Centella , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Triterpenos , Pez Cebra , Animales , Triterpenos/farmacología , Centella/química , Antidepresivos/farmacología , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacología , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/administración & dosificación , Depresión/tratamiento farmacológico , Conducta Animal/efectos de los fármacos , Estrés Psicológico/tratamiento farmacológico , Estrés Psicológico/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Masculino
6.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613044

RESUMEN

Melatonin (N-acetyl-5 methoxytryptamine) is an indolic neurohormone that modulates a variety of physiological functions due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunoregulatory properties. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to critically review the effects of melatonin supplementation in sports performance and circulating biomarkers related to the health status of highly trained athletes. Data were obtained by performing searches in the following three bibliography databases: Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus. The terms used were "Highly Trained Athletes", "Melatonin", and "Sports Performance", "Health Biomarkers" using "Humans" as a filter. The search update was carried out in February 2024 from original articles published with a controlled trial design. The PRISMA rules, the modified McMaster critical review form for quantitative studies, the PEDro scale, and the Cochrane risk of bias were applied. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 21 articles were selected out of 294 references. The dose of melatonin supplemented in the trials ranged between 5 mg to 100 mg administered before or after exercise. The outcomes showed improvements in antioxidant status and inflammatory response and reversed liver damage and muscle damage. Moderate effects on modulating glycemia, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and creatinine were reported. Promising data were found regarding the potential benefits of melatonin in hematological biomarkers, hormonal responses, and sports performance. Therefore, the true efficiency of melatonin to directly improve sports performance remains to be assessed. Nevertheless, an indirect effect of melatonin supplementation in sports performance could be evaluated through improvements in health biomarkers.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético , Melatonina , Humanos , Melatonina/farmacología , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Atletas , Biomarcadores , Suplementos Dietéticos
7.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613125

RESUMEN

Iron deficiency in the fetal and neonatal period (perinatal iron deficiency) bodes poorly for neurodevelopment. Given its common occurrence and the negative impact on brain development, a screening and treatment strategy that is focused on optimizing brain development in perinatal iron deficiency is necessary. Pediatric societies currently recommend a universal iron supplementation strategy for full-term and preterm infants that does not consider individual variation in body iron status and thus could lead to undertreatment or overtreatment. Moreover, the focus is on hematological normalcy and not optimal brain development. Several serum iron indices and hematological parameters in the perinatal period are associated with a risk of abnormal neurodevelopment, suggesting their potential use as biomarkers for screening and monitoring treatment in infants at risk for perinatal iron deficiency. A biomarker-based screening and treatment strategy that is focused on optimizing brain development will likely improve outcomes in perinatal iron deficiency.


Asunto(s)
Encefalopatías , Deficiencias de Hierro , Enfermedades Neuromusculares , Recién Nacido , Lactante , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Niño , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Hierro , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo
8.
Clin Chim Acta ; 558: 119670, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614420

RESUMEN

In recent years, there has been a global increase in cases of male infertility. There are about 30 million cases of male infertility worldwide and male reproductive health is showing rapid decline in last few decades. It is now recognized as a potential risk factor for developing certain types of cancer, particularly genitourinary malignancies like testicular and prostate cancer. Male infertility is considered a potential indicator of overall health and an early biomarker for cancer. Cases of unexplained male factor infertility have high levels of oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage and this induces both denovo germ line mutations and epimutations due to build up of 8-hydroxy 2 deoxygunaosine abase which is highly mutagenic and also induces hypomethylation and genomic instability. Consequently, there is growing evidence to explore the various factors contributing to an increased cancer risk. Currently, the available prognostic and predictive biomarkers associated with semen characteristics and cancer risk are limited but gaining significant attention in clinical research for the diagnosis and treatment of elevated cancer risk in the individual and in offspring. The male germ cell being transcriptionally and translationally inert has a highly truncated repair mechanism and has minimal antioxidants and thus most vulnerable to oxidative injury due to environmental factors and unhealthy lifestyle and social habits. Therefore, advancing our understanding requires a thorough evaluation of the pathophysiologic mechanisms at the DNA, RNA, protein, and metabolite levels to identify key biomarkers that may underlie the pathogenesis of male infertility and associated cancer. Advanced methodologies such as genomics, epigenetics, proteomics, transcriptomics, and metabolomics stand at the forefront of cutting-edge approaches for discovering novel biomarkers, spanning from infertility to associated cancer types. Henceforth, in this review, we aim to assess the role and potential of recently identified predictive and prognostic biomarkers, offering insights into the success of assisted reproductive technologies, causes of azoospermia and idiopathic infertility, the impact of integrated holistic approach and lifestyle modifications, and the monitoring of cancer susceptibility, initiation and progression. Comprehending these biomarkers is crucial for providing comprehensive counselling to infertile men and cancer patients, along with their families.


Asunto(s)
Infertilidad Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Infertilidad Masculina/genética , Infertilidad Masculina/diagnóstico , Pronóstico , Biomarcadores de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Factores de Riesgo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37752, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579047

RESUMEN

The value of detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV), pregenomic RNA (pgRNA), and hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg), both separately and jointly, in the management of HBV patients undergoing treatment with Nucleotide Analog was investigated. A total of 149 HBV patients who were being treated with Nucleotide Analog were enrolled in this study. The quantitative levels of HBV pgRNA and HBcrAg in the sera of these patients were determined, aiming to comprehend their replication levels and expression during the course of antiviral therapy. The patients were separated into 3 groups based on treatment duration: treatment time ≤ 12 months, treatment time ranging from 12 months to <60 months, and treatment time ≥ 60 months. Significantly different levels of HBcrAg and HBV pgRNA were observed among 3 groups (P < .05). In the group of patients with positive hepatitis B e antigen, both HBcrAg and pgRNA levels were higher compared to the group with negative hepatitis B e antigen, and this difference between the 2 groups was found to be statistically significant. Stratified analysis based on levels of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) revealed that the group with HBsAg levels < 100 IU/mL had lower levels of both HBcrAg and pgRNA compared to the group with HBsAg levels ≥ 100 IU/mL (P < .001). Following antiviral therapy, various degrees of transcription of covalently closed circular DNA continue to exist within the liver of HBV patients. The levels of serum HBcrAg and HBV pgRNA vary among patients with different treatment durations, indicating their efficacy in evaluating disease conditions during antiviral therapy.


Asunto(s)
Virus de la Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Crónica , Extractos Vegetales , Humanos , Virus de la Hepatitis B/genética , Antígenos de Superficie de la Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Crónica/diagnóstico , Hepatitis B Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Antígenos e de la Hepatitis B , ARN , Antígenos del Núcleo de la Hepatitis B , Antivirales/uso terapéutico , Nucleótidos/uso terapéutico , ADN Viral , Biomarcadores
10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(9): e032540, 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639356

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) is a frequent comorbidity in patients with acute (AHF) and chronic heart failure (CHF) associated with morbidity and death. We aimed to better characterize iron homeostasis in patients with heart failure applying different biomarkers and to evaluate the accuracy of current ID definition by the European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association to indicate tissue iron availability and demand. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective cohort study investigating 277 patients with AHF and 476 patients with CHF between February 2021 and May 2022. Patients with AHF had more advanced ID than patients with CHF, reflected by increased soluble transferrin receptor and soluble transferrin receptor-ferritin index, and lower ferritin, serum iron, transferrin saturation, hepcidin, and reticulocyte hemoglobin. Decreased iron availability or increased tissue iron demand, reflected by increased soluble transferrin receptor-ferritin index and decreased reticulocyte hemoglobin, was found in 84.1% (AHF) and 28.0% (CHF) with absolute ID and in 50.0% (AHF) and 10.5% (CHF) with combined ID according to the current European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association-based ID definition. Low hepcidin expression as an indicator of systemic ID was found in 91.1% (AHF) and 80.4% (CHF) of patients with absolute ID and in 32.3% (AHF) and 18.8% (CHF) of patients with combined ID. ID definitions with higher specificity reduce the need for iron supplementation by 25.5% in patients with AHF and by 65.6% in patients with CHF. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the current European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association-based ID definition might overestimate true ID, particularly in CHF. More stringent thresholds for ID could more accurately identify patients with heart failure with reduced tissue iron availability who benefit from intravenous iron supplementation.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Hierro , Humanos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anciano , Hierro/metabolismo , Hierro/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Ferritinas/sangre , Enfermedad Crónica , Persona de Mediana Edad , Receptores de Transferrina/sangre , Anemia Ferropénica/sangre , Anemia Ferropénica/epidemiología , Anemia Ferropénica/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Aguda , Hepcidinas/sangre , Hepcidinas/metabolismo , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Deficiencias de Hierro
11.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 153, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581023

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Vortioxetine (VORTX) is a potent and selective type of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) that is mainly prescribed for treating major depression along with mood disorders as the first drug of choice. Limited previous findings have indicated evidence of liver injury and hepatotoxicity associated with daily VORTX treatment. Rutin (RUT), which is known for its antioxidant properties, has demonstrated several beneficial health actions, including hepatoprotection. Therefore the current study aimed to evaluate and assess the ameliorative effect of RUT against the hepatotoxic actions of daily low and high-dose VORTX administration. METHODS: The experimental design included six groups of rats, each divided equally. Control, rats exposed to RUT (25 mg/kg), rats exposed to VORTX (28 mg/kg), rats exposed to VORTX (28 mg/kg) + RUT (25 mg/kg), rats exposed to VORTX (80 mg/kg), and rats exposed to VORTX (80 mg/kg) + RUT (25 mg/kg). After 30 days from the daily exposure period, assessments were conducted for serum liver enzyme activities, hepatotoxicity biomarkers, liver antioxidant endogenous enzymes, DNA fragmentation, and histopathological studies of liver tissue. RESULTS: Interestingly, the risk of liver damage and hepatotoxicity related to VORTX was attenuated by the daily co-administration of RUT. Significant improvements were observed among all detected liver functions, oxidative stress, and inflammatory biomarkers including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), glutathione S-transferase (GST), total protein, acid phosphatase, N-Acetyl-/ß-glucosaminidase (ß-NAG), ß-Galactosidase (ß-Gal), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), caspase 3, and cytochrom-C along with histopathological studies, compared to the control and sole RUT group. CONCLUSION: Thus, RUT can be considered a potential and effective complementary therapy in preventing hepatotoxicity and liver injury induced by the daily or prolonged administration of VORTX.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Ratas , Animales , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Rutina/farmacología , Vortioxetina , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Glutatión/metabolismo , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/prevención & control , Biomarcadores
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612680

RESUMEN

The central exacerbating factor in the pathophysiology of ischemic-reperfusion acute kidney injury (AKI) is oxidative stress. Lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in ischemia are accompanied by the formation of 3-nitrotyrosine, a biomarker for oxidative damage. DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) may also be a result of postischemic AKI. γH2AX(S139) histone has been identified as a potentially useful biomarker of DNA DSBs. On the other hand, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is the "master switch" for hypoxic adaptation in cells and tissues. The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning on antioxidant capacity estimated by FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) and ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) assay, as well as on oxidative stress parameter 3-nitrotyrosine, and to assess its effects on γH2AX(S139), HIF-1α, and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression, in an experimental model of postischemic AKI induced in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The animals were divided randomly into three experimental groups: sham-operated rats (SHAM, n = 6), rats with induced postischemic AKI (AKI, n = 6), and group exposed to HBO preconditioning before AKI induction (AKI + HBO, n = 6). A significant improvement in the estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR, in AKI + HBO group (p < 0.05 vs. AKI group) was accompanied with a significant increase in plasma antioxidant capacity estimated by FRAP (p < 0.05 vs. SHAM group) and a reduced immunohistochemical expression of 3-nitrotyrosine and γH2AX(S139). Also, HBO pretreatment significantly increased HIF-1α expression (p < 0.001 vs. AKI group), estimated by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis in kidney tissue, and decreased immunohistochemical NF-κB renal expression (p < 0.01). Taking all of these results together, we may conclude that HBO preconditioning has beneficial effects on acute kidney injury induced in spontaneously hypertensive rats.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Daño por Reperfusión , Animales , Ratas , Lesión Renal Aguda/etiología , Lesión Renal Aguda/terapia , Antioxidantes , Biomarcadores , Daño del ADN , Riñón , FN-kappa B , Estrés Oxidativo , Oxígeno , Ratas Endogámicas SHR
13.
Bone ; 184: 117108, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642819

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) has adverse implications for bone health but is relatively understudied. In this study we examine the prevalence and determinants of SHPT and describe the relationship of SHPT with bone turnover markers and bone mineral density (BMD) in older Irish adults. METHOD: Eligible participants (n = 4139) were identified from the Trinity-Ulster-Department of Agriculture (TUDA) study, a cohort of Irish adults aged ≥60 years. Exclusion criteria included an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 ml/min and serum calcium >2.5 mmol/l to remove hyperparathyroidism due to advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and primary hyperparathyroidism respectively. The relationship between SHPT and bone turnover markers and BMD (measured by densitometry) was examined in a subsample (n = 1488). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH)D] <30 nmol/l. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 73.6 ± 7.9 years, 65.1 % were female and 19.4 % were found to be vitamin D deficient. The prevalence of SHPT decreased as vitamin D increased, from 30.6 % in those deficient to 9.8 % in those with 25(OH)D ≥ 50 nmol/l and increased with declining kidney function. In non­calcium supplement users, principal determinants of SHPT were vitamin D deficiency (OR 4.18, CI 3.05-5.73, p < 0.001), eGFR 30-44 ml/min (OR 3.69, CI 2.44-5.57, p < 0.001), loop diuretic use (OR 3.52, CI 2.59-4.79, p < 0.001) and to a lesser extent body mass index (p = 0.001), eGFR 45-59 ml/min (p < 0.001) and 25(OH)D level 30-49 nmol/l (p = 0.002). Similar findings were observed in calcium supplement users, though proton pump inhibitors were also associated with SHPT (OR 1.55, CI 1.08-2.22, p = 0.018) while vitamin D 30-49 nmol/l was not. In participants with SHPT versus those without, bone turnover markers were higher: bone alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.017) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (p = 0.033), whilst there was lower BMD at the neck of femur (0.880 vs. 0.903 g/cm2, p = 0.033) and total hip (0.968 vs. 0.995 g/cm2, P = 0.017). DISCUSSION: The results show that up to one in six older Irish adults had SHPT and this was associated with lower BMD and higher concentrations of bone turnover markers. Both vitamin D deficiency and 25(OH)D level 30-49 nmol/l were important predictors of SHPT. Loop diuretics and PPIs may also increase the risk of SHPT, and their use may need to be carefully considered in this population. Further studies examining the potential impact of these factors on bone health in similar populations to our study sample are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Densidad Ósea , Remodelación Ósea , Hiperparatiroidismo Secundario , Vitamina D , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Vitamina D/sangre , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Densidad Ósea/fisiología , Hiperparatiroidismo Secundario/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Remodelación Ósea/fisiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/sangre , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/complicaciones , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/epidemiología , Anciano de 80 o más Años
14.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 84: 127441, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579499

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The essential trace element copper is relevant for many important physiological processes. Changes in copper homeostasis can result from disease and affect human health. A reliable assessment of copper status by suitable biomarkers may enable fast detection of subtle changes in copper metabolism. To this end, additional biomarkers besides serum copper and ceruloplasmin (CP) concentrations are required. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the emerging copper biomarkers CP oxidase (CPO) activity, exchangeable copper (CuEXC) and labile copper in serum of healthy women and compare them with the conventional biomarkers total serum copper and CP. METHOD AND MAIN FINDINGS: This observational study determined CPO activity, the non CP-bound copper species CuEXC and labile copper, total serum copper and CP in sera of 110 healthy women. Samples were collected at four time points over a period of 24 weeks. The concentrations of total serum copper and CP were within the reference ranges. The comparison of all five biomarkers provided insight into their relationship, the intra- and inter-individual variability as well as the age dependence. The correlation and Principal Component Analyses (PCA) indicated that CP, CPO activity and total copper correlated well, followed by CuEXC, while the labile copper pool was unrelated to the other parameters. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the non-CP-bound copper species represent copper pools that are differently regulated from total copper or CP-bound copper, making them interesting complementary biomarkers to enable a more complete assessment of body copper status with potential relevance for clinical application.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Cobre , Humanos , Cobre/sangre , Femenino , Biomarcadores/sangre , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ceruloplasmina/metabolismo , Ceruloplasmina/análisis , Adulto Joven , Voluntarios Sanos , Anciano
15.
J Psychosom Res ; 181: 111671, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657564

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Immuno-metabolic depression (IMD) is proposed to be a form of depression encompassing atypical, energy-related symptoms (AES), low-grade inflammation and metabolic dysregulations. Light therapy may alleviate AES by modulating inflammatory and metabolic pathways. We investigated whether light therapy improves clinical and biological IMD features and whether effects of light therapy on AES or depressive symptom severity are moderated by baseline IMD features. Associations between changes in symptoms and biomarkers were explored. METHODS: In secondary analyses, clinical trial data was used from 77 individuals with depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) randomized to four weeks of light therapy or placebo. AES severity and depressive symptom severity were based on the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology. Biomarkers included 73 metabolites (Nightingale) summarized in three principal components and CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, INF-γ. Linear regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Light therapy had no effect on AES severity, inflammatory markers and metabolite principle components versus placebo. None of these baseline features moderated the effects of light therapy on AES severity. Only a principle component reflecting metabolites implicated in glucose homeostasis moderated the effects of light therapy on depressive symptom severity (ßinteraction = 0.65, P = 0.001, FDR = 0.003). Changes in AES were not associated with changes in biomarkers. CONCLUSION: Findings do not support the efficacy of light therapy in reducing IMD features in patients with depression and T2DM. We find limited evidence that light therapy is a more beneficial depression treatment among those with more IMD features. Changes in clinical and biological IMD features did not align over four-weeks' time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Netherlands Trial Register (NTR) NTR4942.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fototerapia , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fototerapia/métodos , Depresión/terapia , Depresión/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangre , Anciano , Adulto , Inflamación , Resultado del Tratamiento , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
16.
Complement Ther Med ; 82: 103040, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608788

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Due to the inflammatory nature of multiple sclerosis (MS), the most widely used therapeutic approach targets the immune response but can comprise side effects (e.g. secondary immunosuppression). For these reasons, among non-pharmaceutical interventions without known side effects, physical activity (PA) gained importance because it is feasible, safe and a supportive complementary treatment strategy to alleviate symptoms in MS subjects. Consequently, the main aim of this systematic review is to analyze the effect of PA protocols, as a complementary therapy, on inflammatory status in MS patients. METHODS: Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL) were systematically searched up to 01 June 2023 (Prospero Protocol ID=CRD42021244418). The refined search strategy was based on three concepts: "MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS" AND "PHYSICAL ACTIVITY" AND "INFLAMMATION". RESULTS: three main findings emerged: 1) untrained subjects showed a negative modulation of inflammatory biomarkers concentrations when compared to trained people (-0.74, 95 %C.I.-1.16, -0.32); 2) training modulated positively inflammatory biomarkers (+0.47, 95 %C.I. 0.24,0.71); 3) Aerobic PA protocol enhance higher positive influence on inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent, low-grade inflammation in MS could be upregulated by non-pharmacological complementary therapies, in particular by regular aerobic PA that could reduce and positively modulate inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Inflamación , Esclerosis Múltiple , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangre , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Esclerosis Múltiple/terapia
17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 231, 2024 04 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565795

RESUMEN

Blood stasis syndrome (BSS) has persistent health risks; however, its pathogenesis remains elusive. This obscurity may result in missed opportunities for early intervention, increased susceptibility to chronic diseases, and reduced accuracy and efficacy of treatments. Metabolomics, employing the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) strategy, presents distinct advantages in biomarker discovery and unraveling molecular mechanisms. Nonetheless, the challenge is to develop efficient matrices for high-sensitivity and high-throughput analysis of diverse potential biomarkers in complex biosamples. This work utilized nitrogen-doped porous transition metal carbides and nitrides (NP-MXene) as a MALDI matrix to delve into the molecular mechanisms underlying BSS pathogenesis. Structural optimization yielded heightened peak sensitivity (by 1.49-fold) and increased peak numbers (by 1.16-fold) in clinical biosamples. Validation with animal models and clinical serum biosamples revealed significant differences in metabolic fingerprints between BSS and control groups, achieving an overall diagnostic efficacy of 0.905 (95% CI, 0.76-0.979). Prostaglandin F2α was identified as a potential biomarker (diagnostics efficiency of 0.711, specificity = 0.7, sensitivity = 0.6), and pathway enrichment analysis disclosed disruptions in arachidonic acid metabolism in BSS. This innovative approach not only advances comprehension of BSS pathogenesis, but also provides valuable insights for personalized treatment and diagnostic precision.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Animales , Dinoprost , Retroalimentación , Nitrógeno , Porosidad , Compuestos Orgánicos , Biomarcadores
18.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 30(4): 124-129, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581326

RESUMEN

Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex cardiovascular disorder resulting from prolonged heart disease, leading to structural and functional damage, weakened myocardial contraction, and inadequate cardiac output for daily metabolism. The purpose of study is accurate evaluation and early identification of cardiac function and ventricular remodeling through effective biochemical indicators. Methods: This study, conducted from April 2020 to March 2021, included 100 CHF patients meeting the Chinese Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Failure 2020 from First People's Hospital of Linping District, ascertaining a confirmed diagnosis based on these established guidelines. The objective of detecting these biomarkers is not for early diagnosis, given that the subjects are already diagnosed according to the guidelines. Instead, our focus is on using these biomarkers to assess disease severity, prognosis, or treatment response in the context of diagnosed CHF patients. Classification comprised 42 ischemic and 58 non-ischemic CHF cases, with NYHA cardiac function grading (I, II, III-IV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) categorization (≤ 40%, >40%). A control group of 100 healthy volunteers was selected for comparison. SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions were analyzed among different groups and LVEF categories. Diagnostic efficacy was assessed through ROC curves, and correlations with cardiac function and LVEF were explored. Results: SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions were significantly higher in CHF patients compared to the control group. Increasing cardiac function grades in CHF patients correlated with a gradual elevation in suPAR, APN, and IgE expressions. Comparing LVEF groups, CHF patients with LVEF ≤ 40% exhibited significantly higher suPAR, APN, and IgE expressions. Combined detection of suPAR, APN, and IgE demonstrated superior diagnostic accuracy (AUC of 0.899) compared to individual markers. Positive correlations were observed between suPAR, APN, IgE, and cardiac function grades, while LVEF showed a significant negative correlation with these biomarkers. Conclusions: SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions are elevated in CHF patients, and their combined detection serves as a highly efficient auxiliary diagnostic method. The findings offer valuable insights into the diagnosis and treatment of CHF patients.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Inmunoglobulina E , Humanos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/fisiopatología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Inmunoglobulina E/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Anciano , Receptores del Activador de Plasminógeno Tipo Uroquinasa/sangre , Adulto , Pronóstico , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118151, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588988

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As a representative local medicinal herb produced in China, Vladimiriae Radix (VR) has been proven to exert hepatoprotective and choleretic effects, with particular therapeutic efficacy in cholestatic liver injury (CLI), as demonstrated by the VR extract (VRE). However, the quality markers (Q-markers) of VRE for the treatment of CLI remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: A new strategy based on the core element of "efficacy" was proposed, using a combination of spectrum-effect relationship, pharmacokinetics, and molecular docking methods to select and confirm Q-markers of VRE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: First, the HPLC fingerprinting of 10 batches of VRE was studied, and the in vivo pharmacological index of anti-CLI in rats was determined. The spectrum-effect relationship was utilized as a screening method to identify the Q-markers of VRE. Secondly, Q-markers were used as VRE pharmacokinetic markers to measure their concentrations in normal and CLI rat plasma, and to analyze their disposition. Finally, molecular docking was utilized to predict the potential interaction between the identified Q-markers and crucial targets of CLI. RESULTS: The fingerprints of 10 batches of VRE was established. The in vivo pharmacological evaluation of rats showed that VRE had a significant therapeutic effect on CLI. The spectrum-effect correlation analysis showed that costunolide (COS) and dehydrocostus lactone (DEH) were the Q-markers of VRE anti-CLI. The pharmacokinetic results showed that AUC(0-t), Cmax, CLZ/F, and VZ/F of COS and DEH in CLI rats had significant differences (P < 0.01). They were effectively absorbed into the blood plasma of CLI rats, ensuring ideal bioavailability, and confirming their role as Q-markers. Molecular docking results showed that COS, DEH had good affinity with key targets (FXR, CAR, PXR, MAPK, TGR5, NRF2) for CLI treatment (Binding energy < -4.52 kcal mol-1), further verifying the correctness of Q-marker selection. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, through the combination of experimental and theoretical approaches from the aspects of pharmacodynamic expression, in vivo process rules, and interaction force prediction, the therapeutic effect of VRE and Q-markers (COS、DEH) were elucidated. Furthermore, a new idea based on the principle of "efficacy" was successfully proposed for screening and evaluating Q-markers.


Asunto(s)
Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Animales , Masculino , Ratas , Colestasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacocinética , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Extractos Vegetales/farmacocinética , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Raíces de Plantas/química , Biomarcadores/sangre
20.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 416(14): 3349-3360, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607384

RESUMEN

The analysis of almost holistic food profiles has developed considerably over the last years. This has also led to larger amounts of data and the ability to obtain more information about health-beneficial and adverse constituents in food than ever before. Especially in the field of proteomics, software is used for evaluation, and these do not provide specific approaches for unique monitoring questions. An additional and more comprehensive way of evaluation can be done with the programming language Python. It offers broad possibilities by a large ecosystem for mass spectrometric data analysis, but needs to be tailored for specific sets of features, the research questions behind. It also offers the applicability of various machine-learning approaches. The aim of the present study was to develop an algorithm for selecting and identifying potential marker peptides from mass spectrometric data. The workflow is divided into three steps: (I) feature engineering, (II) chemometric data analysis, and (III) feature identification. The first step is the transformation of the mass spectrometric data into a structure, which enables the application of existing data analysis packages in Python. The second step is the data analysis for selecting single features. These features are further processed in the third step, which is the feature identification. The data used exemplarily in this proof-of-principle approach was from a study on the influence of a heat treatment on the milk proteome/peptidome.


Asunto(s)
Calor , Leche , Péptidos , Flujo de Trabajo , Leche/química , Animales , Péptidos/análisis , Péptidos/química , Biomarcadores/análisis , Programas Informáticos , Proteómica/métodos , Espectrometría de Masas/métodos , Lenguajes de Programación , Algoritmos
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