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1.
Food Funct ; 15(8): 4436-4445, 2024 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563400

RESUMEN

Background: Garlic has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular improvement and other beneficial effects on human health. However, few studies have evaluated the association of garlic intake with the risk of depressive symptoms. The aim of this prospective cohort was to examine the association between the frequency of raw garlic consumption and depressive symptoms in the general adult population. Methods: A total of 7427 participants (mean ± standard deviation: 39.7 ± 10.5 years) without baseline depressive symptoms were included in the cohort study. Garlic consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and depressive symptoms were assessed by a Chinese version of the Self-rating Depression Scale score (SDS score ≥ 45). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the association between garlic consumption and the risk of depressive symptoms. Results: This study identified 1070 cases of depressive symptoms during a median follow-up of 2.0 years, with a depression prevalence of 73.4 cases per 1000 person-years. After multivariate adjustment, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for depressive symptoms in males were 1.00 (reference) for almost never, 1.05 (0.84, 1.32) for ≤1 time per week, 1.16 (0.90, 1.49) for 2-3 times per week, and 1.31 (0.97, 1.78) for ≥4 times per week, and in females, they were 1.00 (reference) for almost never, 0.85 (0.69, 1.06) for ≤1 time per week, 0.72 (0.54, 0.97) for 2-3 times per week, and 0.78 (0.53, 1.13) for ≥4 times per week. Conclusion: In a large general population, we demonstrate for the first time that moderate raw garlic consumption is associated with a reduced risk of depressive symptoms in females, but not in males. Additional prospective studies with long-term follow-up and randomized controlled trials are necessary to confirm the preliminary results of the current study.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Ajo , Humanos , Ajo/química , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Depresión/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Cohortes , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Factores de Riesgo , China/epidemiología
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 631-638, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646750

RESUMEN

Litter input triggers the secretion of soil extracellular enzymes and facilitates the release of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) from decomposing litter. However, how soil extracellular enzyme activities were controlled by litter input with various substrates is not fully understood. We examined the activities and stoichiometry of five enzymes including ß-1,4-glucosidase, ß-D-cellobiosidase, ß-1,4-N-acetyl-glucosaminidase, leucine aminopeptidase and acidic phosphatase (AP) with and without litter input in 10-year-old Castanopsis carlesii and Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations monthly during April to August, in October, and in December 2021 by using an in situ microcosm experiment. The results showed that: 1) There was no significant effect of short-term litter input on soil enzyme activity, stoichiometry, and vector properties in C. carlesii plantation. In contrast, short-term litter input significantly increased the AP activity by 1.7% in May and decreased the enzymatic C/N ratio by 3.8% in August, and decreased enzymatic C/P and N/P ratios by 11.7% and 10.3%, respectively, in October in C. lanceolata plantation. Meanwhile, litter input increased the soil enzymatic vector angle to 53.8° in October in C. lanceolata plantations, suggesting a significant P limitation for soil microorganisms. 2) Results from partial least squares regression analyses showed that soil dissolved organic matter and microbial biomass C and N were the primary factors in explaining the responses of soil enzymatic activity to short-term litter input in both plantations. Overall, input of low-quality (high C/N) litter stimulates the secretion of soil extracellular enzymes and accelerates litter decomposition. There is a P limitation for soil microorganisms in the study area.


Asunto(s)
Carbono , Cunninghamia , Fagaceae , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Microbiología del Suelo , Suelo , Suelo/química , Cunninghamia/crecimiento & desarrollo , Cunninghamia/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Carbono/análisis , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Nitrógeno/análisis , Fósforo/metabolismo , Fósforo/análisis , Fagaceae/crecimiento & desarrollo , Fagaceae/metabolismo , Leucil Aminopeptidasa/metabolismo , Celulosa 1,4-beta-Celobiosidasa/metabolismo , Ecosistema , Hojas de la Planta/metabolismo , Hojas de la Planta/química , Acetilglucosaminidasa/metabolismo , Fosfatasa Ácida/metabolismo , beta-Glucosidasa/metabolismo , China
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 639-647, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646751

RESUMEN

Vegetation restoration can effectively enhance soil quality and soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration. In this study, the distribution characteristics of soil nutrients and SOC along soil profile (0-100 cm), and their responses to restoration years (16, 28, 38 years) were studied in Caragana korshinskii plantations in the southern mountainous area of Ningxia, compared with cropland and natural grassland. The results showed that: 1) the contents of SOC, soil total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), particulate organic carbon (POC), mineral-associated organic carbon (MAOC) and the proportion of particulate organic carbon to total organic carbon (POC/SOC) all decreased with increasing soil depth. The ratio of mineral-associated organic carbon to total organic carbon (MAOC/SOC) exhibited an opposite trend. 2) The contents of SOC, TN, TP, C:P, N:P, POC and MAOC gra-dually decreased as the restoration years increased. However, the C:N ratio showed no significant change. The POC/SOC ratio initially increased and then decreased, while the MAOC/SOC ratio decreased initially and then increased. 3) In three different types of vegetation, POC, MAOC, and SOC showed a highly significant positive linear correlation, with the increase in SOC mainly depended on the increase in MAOC. The SOC, TN, TP, POC and MAOC contents in natural grassland and C. korshinskii plantations were significantly higher than those in cropland. In conclusion, soil nutrients and POC and MAOC contents of C. korshinskii plantations gradually decreased with the increases in restoration years. However, when compared with cropland, natural grassland and C. korshinskii plantations demonstrated a greater capacity to maintain and enhance soil nutrient and carbon storage.


Asunto(s)
Caragana , Carbono , Bosques , Nitrógeno , Compuestos Orgánicos , Fósforo , Suelo , China , Suelo/química , Carbono/análisis , Caragana/crecimiento & desarrollo , Nitrógeno/análisis , Fósforo/análisis , Compuestos Orgánicos/análisis , Nutrientes/análisis , Restauración y Remediación Ambiental/métodos , Secuestro de Carbono , Ecosistema
4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 615-621, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646748

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to reveal the stoichiometric characteristics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica in the Hulunbuir desert. We investigated the contents and stoichiometry of organic carbon, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus contents of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils across different stand ages (28, 37 and 46 a) of P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantations, with P. sylvestris var. mongolica natural forest as the control. We analyzed the correlation between soils properties and soil stoichiometry. The results showed that rhizosphere effect significantly affected soil N:P, and stand age significantly affected soil organic carbon content in P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantation. Soil organic carbon content in plantation was significantly lower than that in natural forest. Soil organic carbon and total nitrogen contents of plantations in both rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils firstly decreased and then increased with increasing stand age, while total phosphorus firstly increased and then decreased in rhizosphere soils, and firstly decreased and then increased in non-rhizosphere soils. There was significant positive correlations between C:N and C:P in rhizosphere soils but not in non-rhizosphere soils, suggesting that higher synergistic rhizosphere soil N and P limitation. The mean N:P values of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils were 4.98 and 8.40, respectively, indicating that the growth of P. sylvestris var. mongolica was restricted by soil N and the rhizosphere soils were more N-restricted. The C:N:P stoichiometry of rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils were significantly influenced by soil properties, with available phosphorus being the most important driver. The growth of P. sylvestris var. mongolica was limited by N in the Hulunbuir desert, and root system played an obvious role in enriching and maintaining soil nutrients. It was recommended that soil nitrogen should be supplemented appropriately during the growth stage of P. sylvestris var. mongolica plantation, and phosphorus should be supplemented appropriately according to the synergistic nature of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation.


Asunto(s)
Carbono , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Pinus sylvestris , Rizosfera , Suelo , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Suelo/química , Carbono/análisis , Pinus sylvestris/crecimiento & desarrollo , Bosques , China , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas/química , Raíces de Plantas/crecimiento & desarrollo
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 622-630, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646749

RESUMEN

Soil nitrogen and phosphorus are two key elements limiting tree growth in subtropical areas. Understanding the regulation of soil microorganisms on nitrogen and phosphorus nutrition is beneficial to reveal maintenance mechanism of soil fertility in plantations. We analyzed the characteristics of soil nitrogen and phosphorus fractions, soil microbial community composition and function, and their relationship across three stands of two-layered Cunninghumia lanceolata + Phoebe bournei with different ages (4, 7 and 11 a) and the pure C. lanceolata plantation. The results showed that the contents of most soil phosphorus fractions increased with increasing two-layered stand age. The increase in active phosphorus fractions with increasing stand age was dominated by the inorganic phosphorus (9.9%-159.0%), while the stable phosphorus was dominated by the organic phosphorus (7.1%-328.4%). The content of soil inorganic and organic nitrogen also increased with increasing two-layered stand age, with NH4+-N and acid hydrolyzed ammonium N contents showing the strongest enhancement, by 152.9% and 80.2%, respectively. With the increase of stand age, the composition and functional groups of bacterial and fungal communities were significantly different, and the relative abundance of some dominant microbial genera (such as Acidothermus, Saitozyma and Mortierella) increased. The relative abundance of phosphorus solubilization and mineralization function genes, nitrogen nitrification function and aerobic ammonia oxidation function genes tended to increase. The functional taxa of fungi explained 48.9% variation of different phosphorus fractions. The conversion of pure plantations to two-layered mixed plantation affected soil phosphorus fractions transformation via changing the functional groups of saprophytes (litter saprophytes and soil saprophytes). Changes in fungal community composition explained 45.0% variation of different nitrogen fractions. Some key genera (e.g., Saitozyma and Mortierella) play a key role in promoting soil nitrogen transformation and accumulation. Therefore, the conversion of pure C. lanceolata plantation to two-layered C. lanceolata + P. bournei plantation was conducive to improving soil nitrogen and phosphorus availability. Bacteria and fungi played important roles in the transformation process of soil nitrogen and phosphorus forms, with greater contribution of soil fungi.


Asunto(s)
Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Microbiología del Suelo , Suelo , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Suelo/química , Cunninghamia/crecimiento & desarrollo , China , Bacterias/clasificación , Bacterias/crecimiento & desarrollo , Bacterias/metabolismo
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 705-712, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646758

RESUMEN

The composition and stability of soil aggregates are important indicators for measuring soil quality, which would be affected by land use changes. Taking wetlands with different returning years (2 and 15 years) in the Yellow River Delta as the research object, paddy fields and natural wetlands as control, we analyzed the changes in soil physicochemical properties and soil aggregate composition. The results showed that soil water content, total organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon and total phosphorus of the returning soil (0-40 cm) showed an overall increasing trend with returning period, while soil pH and bulk density was in adverse. There was no significant change in clay content, electrical conductivity, and total nitrogen content. The contents of macro-aggregates and micro-aggregates showed overall increasing and decreasing trend with returning period, respectively. The stability of aggregates in the topsoil (0-10 cm) increased with returning years. Geometric mean diameter and mean weight diameter increased by 8.9% and 40.4% in the 15th year of returning, respectively, while the mass proportion of >2.5 mm fraction decreased by 10.5%. There was no effect of returning on aggregates in subsoil (10-40 cm). Our results indicated that returning paddy field to wetland in the Yellow River Delta would play a positive role in improving soil structure and aggregate stability.


Asunto(s)
Oryza , Ríos , Suelo , Humedales , Suelo/química , China , Ríos/química , Oryza/crecimiento & desarrollo , Oryza/química , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Agricultura/métodos , Fósforo/análisis , Fósforo/química , Carbono/análisis , Carbono/química
7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 817-826, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646770

RESUMEN

To explore the causes of red tides in Qinhuangdao coastal water, we conducted surveys on both water quality and red tides during April to September of 2022 and analyzed the relationships between main environmental factors and red tide organisms through the factor analysis and canonical correspondence analysis. The results showed that there were eight red tides along the coast of Qinhuangdao in 2022, with a cumulative blooming area of 716.1 km2. The red tides could be divided into three kinds based on the major blooming organisms and occurrence time, Noctiluca scintillans bloom, diatom-euglena (Skeletonema costatum, Eutreptiella gymnastica, Pseudo-nitzschia spp.) bloom, and dinoflagellate (Scrippsiella trochoidea and Ceratium furca) bloom. Seasonal factor played roles mainly during July to September, while inorganic nutrients including nitrogen and phosphorus influenced the blooms mainly in April and July. The canonical correspondence analysis suggested that N. scintillans preferred low temperature, and often bloomed with high concentrations of ammonium nitrogen and dissolved inorganic phosphorus. S. costatum, E. gymnastica, and Pseudo-nitzschia spp. could tolerate broad ranges of various environmental factors, but favored high temperature and nitrogen-rich seawater. C. furca and S. trochoidea had higher survival rate and competitiveness in phosphate-poor waters. Combined the results from both analyses, we concluded that the causes for the three kinds of red tide processes in Qinhuangdao coastal areas in 2022 were different. Adequate diet algae and appropriate water temperature were important factors triggering and maintaining the N. scintillans bloom. Suitable temperature, salinity and eutrophication were the main reasons for the diatom-euglena bloom. The abundant nutrients and seawater disturbance promoted the germination of S. trochoidea cysts, while phosphorus limitation caused the blooming organism switched to C. furca and maintained the bloom hereafter.


Asunto(s)
Diatomeas , Dinoflagelados , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Floraciones de Algas Nocivas , Agua de Mar , China , Dinoflagelados/crecimiento & desarrollo , Agua de Mar/análisis , Agua de Mar/química , Diatomeas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Océanos y Mares , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Estaciones del Año
8.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298167, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626130

RESUMEN

The advancement of the sports industry's development constitutes a critical concern shared by regional authorities and the scholarly community, reflecting its significant role in economic and social development. This study employs a Fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) methodology to examine the 31 provincial-level administrative units in China. The objective is to elucidate the influence of technological, organizational, and environmental factors on the industry's development level, considering both a holistic national framework and dissected regional approaches (Eastern, Central, and Western China). This paper's contribution to the literature is structured around the following core findings: (1) The study establishes that a singular condition does not suffice as an essential prerequisite for achieving a heightened development state within the sports industry. (2) At the national level, there are three pathways to enhance the development level of the sports industry, specifically identified as "network-human resources dominant pathway," "technological innovation-human resources dominant pathway," and "comprehensive synergistic pathway."(3) From a regional perspective, the Eastern region has two pathways for sports industry enhancement: "network-economic pathway" and "comprehensive synergistic pathway." The Central region follows a "technology pathway," while the Western region has three pathways: "organization-environment pathway," "network-organization-environment pathway," and "organization pathway."(4) The synthesis of these findings underscores the multifactorial nature of sports industry development, suggesting a paradigm where diverse routes can lead to equivalent outcomes. This heterogeneity indicates that provinces or regions can tailor their development strategies to their unique situational contexts.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Industrial , Industrias , Humanos , Recursos Humanos , China , Procesos de Grupo , Desarrollo Económico
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 842-848, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621888

RESUMEN

Due to the lack of specialized guidance, the post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines demonstrates varied quality and lacks high-quality evidence, failing to meet the demands of policy-making, clinical decision-making, and industrial decision-making. To address this issue, this project gathered experts in clinical medicine, clinical pharmacy, evidence-based medicine, drug epidemiology, medical ethics, and policy and regulation in China. They referred to the model of international post-marketing research on medicines and developed Guidelines for post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines under the framework of relevant laws and regulations and technical guidance documents in China. The guidelines were developed with consideration to the characteristics of Chinese patent medicines, China's national conditions, and all the stakeholders including marketing authorization holders, clinical researchers, drug administration, and users. The development of the guidelines followed the requirements for developing group standards set by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The guidelines fully implement the concept of full life-cycle research, emphasizing the combination of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory, human use experience, and clinical trials and pay attention to the compliance, scientificity, and ethics of research. The guidelines clarify the topic selection and decision-making path of the post-marketing research on effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines through six steps: determining research purpose, analyzing drug characteristics, evaluating research basis, proposing clinical orientation, clarifying research purpose, and implementing classified research. The general principles of research design and implementation were clarified from eight aspects: research type, research objects, sample size, efficacy indicators, bias, missing data, evidence level, and practicality. It focuses on the research on the TCM syndrome-based efficacy evaluation, clinical value-oriented mechanism of action, and the effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines with different routes of administration. The guidelines provide a universal methodological basis for the post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicamentos sin Prescripción , Humanos , Medicamentos sin Prescripción/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Resultado del Tratamiento , China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 849-852, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621889

RESUMEN

Chinese drug registration laws and regulations have always reserved a place for the new traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) drugs for syndromes, but so far no such new drugs have been approved for registration. This paper expounded on the relevant policies, regulations, and technologies of new TCM drugs for syndromes in China and pointed out that the application of the animal model of TCM syndromes to carry out pharmacodynamics research and clinical efficacy evaluation criteria of TCM syndromes were the main technical difficulties in the research and development of new TCM drugs for syndromes. Not all syndromes are suitable for developing new drugs, and the indications for new TCM drugs should be constant syndromes. Among the three research and development models of simple syndrome, syndrome-unified disease, and combined disease and syndrome, the research and development model of combined disease and syndrome is recommended. Clinical positioning is the key to new TCM drugs for syndromes. It is encouraged to conduct high-quality human use experience studies to determine the clinical positioning of new TCM drugs for syndromes, as well as the target population, dose, course of treatment, and initial therapeutic and safety, and apply for exemption from non-clinical effectiveness studies. Clinical trials of new TCM drugs for syndromes should take the target symptoms or signs as the main efficacy index and the efficacy of TCM syndromes as the secondary efficacy index. Clinical research program design should implement the "patient-centered" concept and introduce clinical outcome evaluation indicators. In the clinical safety evaluation, special conditions such as characteristic syndromes and changes should be considered. With the construction of the human use experience technology system and the promotion of the TCM registration and evaluation evidence system featuring the "combination of TCM theory, human use experience, and clinical trials", it is believed that many high-quality new TCM drugs for syndromes will be developed in the future.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Investigación , Síndrome , China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
11.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e079354, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569706

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Specific treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is still lacking, and acupuncture may relieve the symptoms. We intend to investigate the efficacy and safety of electro-acupuncture (EA) in alleviating symptoms associated with DPN in diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This multicentre, three-armed, participant- and assessor-blind, randomised, sham-controlled trial will recruit 240 eligible participants from four hospitals in China and will randomly assign (1:1:1) them to EA, sham acupuncture (SA) or usual care (UC) group. Participants in the EA and SA groups willl receive either 24-session EA or SA treatment over 8 weeks, followed by an 8-week follow-up period, while participants in the UC group will be followed up for 16 weeks. The primary outcome of this trial is the change in DPN symptoms from baseline to week 8, as rated by using the Total Symptom Score. The scale assesses four symptoms: pain, burning, paraesthesia and numbness, by evaluating the frequency and severity of each. All results will be analysed with the intention-to-treat population. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (Identifier: 2022BZYLL0509). Every participant will be informed of detailed information about the study before signing informed consent. The results of this trial will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200061408.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus , Neuropatías Diabéticas , Electroacupuntura , Humanos , Neuropatías Diabéticas/terapia , Dolor , China , Beijing , Resultado del Tratamiento , Electroacupuntura/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
12.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297663, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573886

RESUMEN

This study explores the influencing factors on intelligent transformation and upgrading of China's logistics firms under smart logistics, and designs the corresponding framework to guide the practice of firms. By analyzing the characteristics of smart logistics and the transformation and upgrading needs of traditional logistics, from the micro perspective of logistics firms, this paper constructs influencing factor index system of smart transformation and development from four dimensions: logistics technology innovation, logistics big data sharing, logistics management upgrading and logistics decision-making transformation. Logistics firms are divided into firms with medium scale and above and small and medium-sized firms according to their scale. Then EWIF-AHP model is proposed to measure the weight of index system and score the decision-making, so as to evaluate the impact of various influencing factors on transformation and development of logistics firms. The results show that, for logistics firms above medium scale, logistics technology innovation and logistics big data sharing have the most significant impact on transformation and development, followed by logistics management upgrading and logistics decision-making transformation. For small and medium-sized logistics firms, the biggest factor is the upgrading of logistics management, followed by the upgrading of logistics technology, which is almost as important as the influencing factors of the upgrading of logistics management, and followed by the sharing of logistics big data and the transformation of logistics decision-making. Therefore, corresponding countermeasures and suggestions for intelligent transformation of logistics firms have been put forward.


Asunto(s)
Macrodatos , Difusión de la Información , China , Inteligencia , Sugestión
13.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 150, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580999

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Smilax china L. (SCL) is a traditional herbal medicine for the potential treatment of intrauterine adhesion (IUA). However, the mechanisms of action have not yet been determined. In this study, we explored the effects and mechanisms of SCL in IUA by network pharmacology, molecular docking and molecular biology experiments. METHODS: Active ingredients and targets of SCL were acquired from TCMSP and SwissTargetPrediction. IUA-related targets were collected from the GeneCards, DisGeNET, OMIM and TTD databases. A protein‒protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.9.1 and analysed with CytoHubba and CytoNCA to identify the core targets. The DAVID tool was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analyses. Furthermore, molecular docking was employed to assess the interaction between the compounds and key targets. Finally, the mechanisms and targets of SCL in IUA were verified by cellular experiments and western blot. RESULTS: A total of 196 targets of SCL were identified, among which 93 were related to IUA. Topological and KEGG analyses results identified 15 core targets that were involved in multiple pathways, such as inflammation, apoptosis, and PI3K/AKT signalling pathways. Molecular docking results showed that the active compounds had good binding to the core targets. In vitro experiments showed that astilbin (AST), a major component of SCL, significantly reduced TGF-ß-induced overexpression of fibronectin (FN), activation of the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway and the expression of downstream factors (NF-κB and BCL2) in human endometrial stromal cells, suggesting that AST ameliorates IUA by mediating the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB and BCL2 proteins. CONCLUSIONS: AST, a major component of SCL, may be a potential therapeutic agent for IUA. Moreover, its mechanism is strongly associated with regulation of the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway and the downstream NF-κB and BCL2 proteins. This study will provide new strategies that utilize AST for the treatment of IUA.


Asunto(s)
FN-kappa B , Smilax , Humanos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-bcl-2 , China
14.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 22(1): 30, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561752

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The involvement of quality of life as the UNAIDS fourth 90 target to monitor the global HIV response highlighted the development of patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures to help address the holistic needs of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) beyond viral suppression. This study developed and tested preliminary measurement properties of a new patient-reported outcome (PROHIV-OLD) measure designed specifically to capture influences of HIV on patients aged 50 and older in China. METHODS: Ninety-three older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) were interviewed to solicit items and two rounds of patient cognitive interviews were conducted to modify the content and wording of the initial items. A validation study was then conducted to refine the initial instrument and evaluate measurement properties. Patients were recruited between February 2021 and November 2021, and followed six months later after the first investigation. Classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) were used to select items using the baseline data. The follow-up data were used to evaluate the measurement properties of the final instrument. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were recruited at the baseline. Of the 485 patients who completed the follow-up investigation, 483 were included in the validation sample. The final scale of PROHIV-OLD contained 25 items describing five dimensions (physical symptoms, mental status, illness perception, family relationship, and treatment). All the PROHIV-OLD dimensions had satisfactory reliability with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, McDonald's ω, and composite reliability of each dimension being all higher than 0.85. Most dimensions met the test-retest reliability standard except for the physical symptoms dimension (ICC = 0.64). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the structural validity of the final scale, and the model fit index satisfied the criterion. The correlations between dimensions of PROHIV-OLD and MOS-HIV met hypotheses in general. Significant differences on scores of the PROHIV-OLD were found between demographic and clinical subgroups, supporting known-groups validity. CONCLUSIONS: The PROHIV-OLD was found to have good feasibility, reliability and validity for evaluating health outcome of Chinese older PLWHA. Other measurement properties such as responsiveness and interpretability will be further examined.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , China , Psicometría/métodos
15.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 24(1): 106, 2024 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649879

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to build a machine learning (ML) model to predict the recurrence probability for postoperative non-lactating mastitis (NLM) by Random Forest (RF) and XGBoost algorithms. It can provide the ability to identify the risk of NLM recurrence and guidance in clinical treatment plan. METHODS: This study was conducted on inpatients who were admitted to the Mammary Department of Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between July 2019 to December 2021. Inpatient data follow-up has been completed until December 2022. Ten features were selected in this study to build the ML model: age, body mass index (BMI), number of abortions, presence of inverted nipples, extent of breast mass, white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), albumin-globulin ratio (AGR) and triglyceride (TG) and presence of intraoperative discharge. We used two ML approaches (RF and XGBoost) to build models and predict the NLM recurrence risk of female patients. Totally 258 patients were randomly divided into a training set and a test set according to a 75%-25% proportion. The model performance was evaluated based on Accuracy, Precision, Recall, F1-score and AUC. The Shapley Additive Explanations (SHAP) method was used to interpret the model. RESULTS: There were 48 (18.6%) NLM patients who experienced recurrence during the follow-up period. Ten features were selected in this study to build the ML model. For the RF model, BMI is the most important influence factor and for the XGBoost model is intraoperative discharge. The results of tenfold cross-validation suggest that both the RF model and the XGBoost model have good predictive performance, but the XGBoost model has a better performance than the RF model in our study. The trends of SHAP values of all features in our models are consistent with the trends of these features' clinical presentation. The inclusion of these ten features in the model is necessary to build practical prediction models for recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The results of tenfold cross-validation and SHAP values suggest that the models have predictive ability. The trend of SHAP value provides auxiliary validation in our models and makes it have more clinical significance.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Automático , Mastitis , Recurrencia , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , China
16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 325, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658813

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the dramatic uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) and the increase in altitude in the Pliocene, the environment became dry and cold, thermophilous plants that originally inhabited ancient subtropical forest essentially disappeared. However, Quercus sect. Heterobalanus (QSH) have gradually become dominant or constructive species distributed on harsh sites in the Hengduan Mountains range in southeastern QTP, Southwest China. Ecological stoichiometry reveals the survival strategies plants adopt to adapt to changing environment by quantifying the proportions and relationships of elements in plants. Simultaneously, as the most sensitive organs of plants to their environment, the structure of leaves reflects of the long-term adaptability of plants to their surrounding environments. Therefore, ecological adaptation mechanisms related to ecological stoichiometry and leaf anatomical structure of QSH were explored. In this study, stoichiometric characteristics were determined by measuring leaf carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents, and morphological adaptations were determined by examining leaf anatomical traits with microscopy. RESULTS: Different QSH life forms and species had different nutrient allocation strategies. Leaves of QSH plants had higher C and P and lower N contents and higher N and lower P utilization efficiencies. According to an N: P ratio threshold, the growth of QSH species was limited by N, except that of Q. aquifolioides and Q. longispica, which was limited by both N and P. Although stoichiometric homeostasis of C, N, and P and C: N, C: P, and N: P ratios differed slightly across life forms and species, the overall degree of homeostasis was strong, with strictly homeostatic, homeostatic, and weakly homeostatic regulation. In addition, QSH leaves had compound epidermis, thick cuticle, developed palisade tissue and spongy tissue. However, leaves were relatively thin overall, possibly due to leaf leathering and lignification, which is strategy to resist stress from UV radiation, drought, and frost. Furthermore, contents of C, N, and P and stoichiometric ratios were significantly correlated with leaf anatomical traits. CONCLUSIONS: QSH adapt to the plateau environment by adjusting the content and utilization efficiencies of C, N, and P elements. Strong stoichiometric homeostasis of QSH was likely a strategy to mitigate nutrient limitation. The unique leaf structure of the compound epidermis, thick cuticle, well-developed palisade tissue and spongy tissue is another adaptive mechanism for QSH to survive in the plateau environment. The anatomical adaptations and nutrient utilization strategies of QSH may have coevolved during long-term succession over millions of years.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Fisiológica , Carbono , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Hojas de la Planta , Quercus , Hojas de la Planta/anatomía & histología , Hojas de la Planta/fisiología , Quercus/anatomía & histología , Quercus/fisiología , Fósforo/metabolismo , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Tibet , Carbono/metabolismo , China , Ecosistema
17.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0302131, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662759

RESUMEN

This study investigates the impact of oil market uncertainty on the volatility of Chinese sector indexes. We utilize commonly used realized volatility of WTI and Brent oil price along with the CBOE crude oil volatility index (OVX) to embody the oil market uncertainty. Based on the sample span from Mar 16, 2011 to Dec 31, 2019, this study utilizes vector autoregression (VAR) model to derive the impacts of the three different uncertainty indicators on Chinese stock volatilities. The empirical results show, for all sectors, the impact of OVX on sectors volatilities are more economically and statistically significant than that of realized volatility of both WTI and Brent oil prices, especially after the Chinese refined oil pricing reform of March 27, 2013. That implies OVX is more informative than traditional WTI and Brent oil prices with respect to volatility spillover from oil market to Chinese stock market. This study could provide some important implications for the participants in Chinese stock market.


Asunto(s)
Comercio , Petróleo , China , Petróleo/economía , Comercio/economía , Volatilización , Inversiones en Salud/economía , Incertidumbre , Modelos Económicos , Humanos , Pueblos del Este de Asia
18.
Am J Bot ; 111(4): e16311, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571288

RESUMEN

PREMISE: Previous work searching for sexual dimorphism has largely relied on the comparison of trait mean vectors between sexes in dioecious plants. Whether trait scaling (i.e., the ratio of proportional changes in covarying traits) differs between sexes, along with its functional significance, remains unclear. METHODS: We measured 10 vegetative traits pertaining to carbon, water, and nutrient economics across 337 individuals (157 males and 180 females) of the diocious species Eurya japonica during the fruiting season in eastern China. Piecewise structural equation modeling was employed to reveal the scaling relationships of multiple interacting traits, and multivariate analysis of (co)variance was conducted to test for intersexual differences. RESULTS: There was no sexual dimorphism in terms of trait mean vectors across the 10 vegetative traits in E. japonica. Moreover, most relationships for covarying trait pairs (17 out of 19) exhibited common scaling slopes between sexes. However, the scaling slopes for leaf phosphorus (P) vs. nitrogen (N) differed between sexes, with 5.6- and 3.0-fold increases of P coinciding with a 10-fold increase of N in male and female plants, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The lower ratio of proportional changes in P vs. N for females likely reflects stronger P limitation for their vegetative growth, as they require greater P investments in fruiting. Therefore, P vs. N scaling can be a key avenue allowing for sex-specific strategic optimization under unequal reproductive requirements. This study uncovers a hidden aspect of secondary sex character in dioecious plants, and highlights the use of trait scaling to understand sex-defined economic strategies.


Asunto(s)
Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Hojas de la Planta , Reproducción , Fósforo/metabolismo , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Hojas de la Planta/fisiología , Hojas de la Planta/crecimiento & desarrollo , China , Cyperaceae/fisiología , Cyperaceae/crecimiento & desarrollo
19.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e082944, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626978

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Perimenopause is a critical transitional period in reproductive ageing. A set of physiological and psychological changes can affect perimenopausal women's quality of life and further threaten their older adult health conditions. In China, less than one-third of midlife women with menopausal symptoms have actively sought professional healthcare. Regarding the public health significance of comprehensive menopause management, the current study aims to investigate the effects of a therapeutic lifestyle modification (TLM) intervention on cardiometabolic health, sexual functioning and health-related quality of life among perimenopausal Chinese women. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: A randomised controlled trial with two parallel arms will be conducted at the gynaecology outpatient department of Yunnan Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China. 94 eligible perimenopausal women aged between 40 and 55 years will be recruited for the study. The TLM intervention consists of four elements: menopause-related health education, dietary guidance, pelvic floor muscle training and Bafa Wubu Tai Chi exercise. Participants will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either the 12-week TLM intervention or routine care via stratified blocked randomisation. The primary outcome is quality of life; secondary outcomes of interest include sexual functioning and cardiometabolic health. The outcome measures will be assessed at baseline and post-intervention. To explore the effects of the intervention, linear mixed models will be applied to test the changes between the two groups over time in each outcome based on an intention-to-treat analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Research Ethics Review Committee of Chulalongkorn University (COA No 178/66) and the Medical Ethics Committee of Yunnan Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (IRB-AF-027-2022/02-02) approved the study protocol. Written informed consent will be obtained from all participants. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and disseminated through conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2300070648.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Salud Sexual , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Perimenopausia , China , Estilo de Vida , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172271, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583606

RESUMEN

The decomposition rates and stoichiometric characteristics of many aquatic plants remain unclear, and our understanding of material flow and nutrient cycles within freshwater ecosystems is limited. In this study, an in-situ experiment involving 23 aquatic plants (16 native and 7 exotic species) was carried out via the litter bag method for 63 days, during which time the mass loss and nutrient content (carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P)) of plants were measured. Floating-leaved plants exhibited the highest decomposition rate (0.038 ± 0.002 day-1), followed by submerged plants and free-floating plants (0.029 ± 0.002 day-1), and emergent plants had the lowest decomposition rate (0.019 ± 0.001 day-1). Mass loss by aquatic plants correlated with stoichiometric characteristics; the decomposition rate increased with an increasing P content and with a decreasing C content, C:N ratio, and C:P ratio. Notably, the decomposition rate of submerged exotic plants (0.044 ± 0.002 day-1) significantly exceeded that of native plants (0.026 ± 0.004 day-1), while the decomposition rate of emergent exotic plants was 55 ± 4 % higher than that of native plants. The decomposition rates of floating-leaved and free-floating plants did not significantly differ between the native and exotic species. During decomposition, emergent plants displayed an increase in C content and a decrease in N content, contrary to patterns observed in other life forms. The P content decreased for submerged (128 ± 7 %), emergent (90 ± 5 %), floating-leaved (104 ± 6 %), and free-floating plants (32 ± 6 %). Exotic plants released more C and P but accumulated more N than did native plants. In conclusion, the decomposition of aquatic plants is closely linked to litter quality and influences nutrient cycling in freshwater ecosystems. Given these findings, the invasion of the littoral zone by submerged and emergent exotic plants deserves further attention.


Asunto(s)
Especies Introducidas , Lagos , Nitrógeno , Fósforo , Plantas , Lagos/química , Fósforo/análisis , Nitrógeno/análisis , Carbono/análisis , Ecosistema , Hojas de la Planta/química , China
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