Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 962
Filtrar
Más filtros

Medicinas Complementárias
Tipo del documento
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 29(5): 629-637, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564107

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the effect of magnesium (Mg) supplementation on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) in pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: The present phase-2, open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled trial enrolled patients aged less than 20 years who were scheduled to receive cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and randomly allocated them at a ratio of 1:1 to a Mg supplementation arm with even-numbered chemotherapy courses (arm AB) or another arm with odd-numbered courses (arm BA). Analysis objects were reconstructed into two groups depending on whether the chemotherapy course had Mg supplementation (group B) or not (group A). The primary outcome was the proportion of chemotherapy courses resulting in elevated serum creatinine per chemotherapy course. The secondary outcomes included efficacies evaluated using other biomarkers and the safety of the Mg supplementation. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were randomly allocated to either group (16 to arm AB and 12 to arm BA). The baseline characteristics of the groups were similar. There was no significant difference in the proportion of courses with increased serum creatinine between the groups (group A: 10% vs. group B: 6%; P = 0.465) nor was any significant difference observed in other biomarkers during any chemotherapy course. The Mg value during chemotherapy was significantly higher in group B than that in group A. No adverse events related to magnesium administration were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The study design, which treated a single chemotherapy course as a study object, failed to detect a statistically significant benefit of Mg supplementation for preventing CIN in pediatric cancer patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: JRCT ( https://jrct.niph.go.jp/ ) Identifier UMIN000029215 jRCTs031180251. UMIN-CTR ( http://www.umin.ac.jp/icdr/index.html ) Identifier UMIN000029215.


Asunto(s)
Cisplatino , Suplementos Dietéticos , Magnesio , Neoplasias , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Cisplatino/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Masculino , Niño , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Magnesio/uso terapéutico , Magnesio/administración & dosificación , Adolescente , Preescolar , Creatinina/sangre , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/administración & dosificación , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente , Lesión Renal Aguda/prevención & control , Adulto Joven
2.
Phytother Res ; 38(4): 2077-2093, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558449

RESUMEN

Cisplatin-induced kidney injury (CKI) is a common complication of chemotherapy. Fraxetin, derived from Fraxinus bungeana A. DC. bark, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic effects. This study aims to investigate fraxetin's effects on CKI and its underlying mechanism in vivo and in vitro. Tubular epithelial cells (TECs) and mice were exposed to cisplatin with and without fraxetin preconditioning assess fraxetin's role in CKI. TECs autophagy was observed using transmission electron microscopy. Apoptosis levels in animal tissues were measured using TUNEL staining. The protective mechanism of fraxetin was explored through pharmacological and genetic regulation of mTORC1. Molecular docking was used to identify potential binding sites between fraxetin and mTORC1. The results indicated that fraxetin pretreatment reduced cisplatin-induced kidney injury in a time- and concentration-dependent way. Fraxetin also decreased autophagy in TECs, as observed through electron microscopy. Tissue staining confirmed that fraxetin pretreatment significantly reduced cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of mTORC1 using rapamycin or siRNA reversed the protective effects of fraxetin on apoptosis and autophagy in cisplatin-treated TECs, while activation of mTORC1 enhanced fraxetin's protective effect. Molecular docking analysis revealed that fraxetin can bind to HEAT-repeats binding site on mTORC1 protein. In  summary, fraxetin pretreatment alleviates CKI by antagonizing autophagy and apoptosis via mTORC1 activation. This provides evidence for the potential therapeutic application of fraxetin in CKI.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Cisplatino , Cumarinas , Ratones , Animales , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Diana Mecanicista del Complejo 1 de la Rapamicina/metabolismo , Diana Mecanicista del Complejo 1 de la Rapamicina/farmacología , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Riñón , Autofagia , Apoptosis , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299742, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635652

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Japan, preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection is the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, the risk of recurrence after surgical resection remains high. Although a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of nivolumab, a fully human monoclonal anti-programmed death 1 antibody, as postoperative adjuvant therapy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery established its superior efficacy as adjuvant therapy, the efficacy for patients who received preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy has not been demonstrated. This study aims to elucidate the efficacy and safety of nivolumab as postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. METHODS: This study is a multi-institutional, single-arm, Phase II trial. We plan to recruit 130 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients, who have undergone preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. If the patient did not have a pathological complete response, nivolumab is started as a postoperative adjuvant therapy within 4-16 weeks after surgery. The nivolumab dose is 480 mg/day every four weeks. Nivolumab is administered for up to 12 months. The primary endpoint is disease-free survival; the secondary endpoints are overall survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and incidence of adverse events. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge this study is the first trial establishing the efficacy of nivolumab as postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. In Japan, preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery is a well-established standard treatment for resectable, locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, developing an effective postoperative adjuvant therapy has been essential for improving oncological outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirugía , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/etiología , Nivolumab/uso terapéutico , Taxoides/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Fase II como Asunto
4.
Chem Biol Interact ; 393: 110943, 2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462020

RESUMEN

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of cisplatin chemotherapy, which greatly limits its clinical effect and application. This study explored the function of solute Carrier Family 31 Member 1 (SLC31A1) in cisplatin-induced AKI and its possible mechanism. Mice and HK-2 cells were exposed to cisplatin to establish the in vivo and in vitro AKI models. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8. Mitochondrial and oxidative damage was determined by Mito-Tracker Green staining, mtROS level, ATP production, mitochondrial membrane potential, MDA content and CAT activity. AKI was evaluated by renal function and histopathological changes. Apoptosis was detected by TUNEL and caspase-3 expression. Molecule expression was measured by RT-qPCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Molecular mechanism was studied by luciferase reporter assay and ChIP. SLC31A1 level was predominantly increased by cisplatin exposure in AKI models. Notably, copper ion (Cu+) level was enhanced by cisplatin challenge. Moreover, Cu+ supplementation intensified cisplatin-induced cell death, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress in HK-2 cells, indicating the involvement of cuproptosis in cisplatin-induced AKI, whereas these changes were partially counteracted by SLC31A1 knockdown. E74 like ETS transcription factor 3 (ELF3) could directly bind to SLC31A1 promoter and promote its transcription. ELF3 was up-regulated and positively correlated with SLC31A1 expression upon cisplatin-induced AKI. SLC31A1 silencing restored renal function, alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis in cisplatin-induced AKI mice. ELF3 transcriptionally activated SLC31A1 to trigger cuproptosis that drove cisplatin-induced AKI through mitochondrial dysfunction, indicating that SLC31A1 might be a promising therapeutic target to mitigate AKI during cisplatin chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Cisplatino , Cobre , Animales , Ratones , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente , Lesión Renal Aguda/patología , Apoptosis , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Cobre/metabolismo , Proteínas Transportadoras de Cobre , Enfermedades Mitocondriales/complicaciones
5.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354241237969, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462913

RESUMEN

Jixueteng, the vine of the bush Spatholobus suberectus Dunn., is widely used to treat irregular menstruation and arthralgia. Yinyanghuo, the aboveground part of the plant Epimedium brevicornum Maxim., has the function of warming the kidney to invigorate yang. This research aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of the Jixueteng and Yinyanghuo herbal pair (JYHP) on cisplatin-induced myelosuppression in a mice model. Firstly, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) screened 15 effective compounds of JYHP decoction. Network pharmacology enriched 10 genes which may play a role by inhibiting the apoptosis of bone marrow (BM) cells. Then, a myelosuppression C57BL/6 mice model was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of cis-Diaminodichloroplatinum (cisplatin, CDDP) and followed by the intragastric (i.g.) administration of JYHP decoction. The efficacy was evaluated by blood cell count, reticulocyte count, and histopathological analysis of bone marrow and spleen. Through the vivo experiments, we found the timing of JYHP administration affected the effect of drug administration, JYHP had a better therapeutical effect rather than a preventive effect. JYHP obviously recovered the hematopoietic function of bone marrow from the peripheral blood cell test and pathological staining. Flow cytometry data showed JYHP decreased the apoptosis rate of BM cells and the western blotting showed JYHP downregulated the cleaved Caspase-3/Caspase-3 ratios through RAS/MEK/ERK pathway. In conclusion, JYHP alleviated CDDP-induced myelosuppression by inhibiting the apoptosis of BM cells through RAS/MEK/ERK pathway and the optimal timing of JYHP administration was after CDDP administration.


Asunto(s)
Cisplatino , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratones , Animales , Femenino , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Caspasa 3 , Farmacología en Red , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Quinasas de Proteína Quinasa Activadas por Mitógenos
6.
Cancer Med ; 13(4): e6839, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457231

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mannitol is exclusively recommended in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for diuresis in cisplatin (CDDP)-based chemotherapy. The utility of furosemide, a widely used and convenient diuretic, thus requires clarification. METHODS: This is a prospective, single-centered, open-label, noninferiority phase II study. Patients with thoracic malignancies who planned to receive CDDP-based chemotherapy were randomly assigned to receive either mannitol (arm A) or furosemide (arm B). The primary end point was set as the proportion of patients who experienced any grade of "creatinine (Cr) increased" based on the upper limit of the normal range (ULN) during the first cycle as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0. Secondary end points were Cr increased based on the baseline value during the first cycle, Cr increased after the completion of CDDP, and the proportion of patients with phlebitis. RESULTS: Between April 2018 and March 2022, 115 patients were enrolled and 106 were analyzed. Any grade of Cr increased based on the ULN during the first cycle was 17.3% (arm A) and 24.1% (arm B), respectively (p = 0.34). Therefore, the primary end point was not met. After completion of chemotherapy, any grade of Cr increased was observed in 23.1% (arm A) and 31.5% (arm B), respectively. However, the actual serum Cr level and Cr clearance during the courses were not different between the arms. Phlebitis occurred more frequently in arm A (28.8%) than arm B (16.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Mannitol should remain the standard diuresis in CDDP-based chemotherapy assessed by conventional CTCAE grading, but furosemide can be room for consideration when assessed by actual serum Cr level and Cr clearance.


Asunto(s)
Flebitis , Neoplasias Torácicas , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Furosemida/efectos adversos , Manitol/efectos adversos , Flebitis/inducido químicamente , Flebitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Prospectivos
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 151-161, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403348

RESUMEN

Jiedu Huoxue Decoction(JDHX), first recorded in the Correction on Errors in Medical Works by WANG Qing-ren, is an effective formula screened out from ancient formulas by the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) master ZHANG Qi to treat acute kidney injury(AKI) caused by heat, toxicity, stasis, and stagnation. This paper elucidated the therapeutic effect of JDHX on AKI and probed into the potential mechanism from ferroptosis. Thirty-two male C57BL/6 mice were randomized into four groups(n=8): normal, model, and low-and high-dose JDHX. Since the clinical treatment of AKI depends on supportive or alternative therapies and there is no specific drug, this study did not include a positive drug group. The low dose of JDHX corresponded to half of clinically equivalent dose, while the high dose corresponded to the clinically equivalent dose. Mice were administrated with JDHX by gavage daily for 7 consecutive days, while those in the normal group and the model group were administered with the corresponding volume of distilled water. On day 5 of drug administration, mice in other groups except the normal group were injected intraperitoneally with cisplatin solution at a dose of 20 mg·kg~(-1) to induce AKI, and the normal group was injected with saline. All of the mice were sacrificed 72 h after modeling, blood and kidney samples were collected for subsequent analysis. The levels of serum creatine(Scr) and blood urea nitrogen(BUN) were measured by the commercial kits. The expression level of kidney injury molecule 1(KIM-1) in the serum was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, periodic acid-Schiff(PAS) staining, and Prussian blue staining were employed to observe the pathological changes, glycogen deposition, and iron deposition, respectively, in the renal tissue. In addition, the levels of glutathione(GSH), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and catalase(CAT) in the renal tissue were examined by biochemical colorimetry. Western blot was performed to determine the protein levels of acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 4(ACSL4), lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 3(LPCAT3), and Yes-associated protein(YAP, a key molecule in the Hippo pathway) in the renal tissue. Immunohistochemistry was then employed to detect the location and expression of YAP in the renal tissue. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the mRNA levels of ACSL4 and glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4). Compared with the normal group, the model group showed elevated serum levels of Scr, BUN, and KIM-1. In the AKI model group, the tubular epithelial cells underwent atrophy and necrotic detachment, disappearance of brush border, and some tubules became protein tubules or experienced vacuole-like degeneration. In addition, this group presented widening of the interstitium or even edema, increased renal tubule injury score, and obvious glycogen and iron deposition in parts of the renal tissue. Moreover, the model group had lower GSH, SOD, and CAT levels, higher ASCL4 and LPCAT3 levels, and lower GPX4 expression and higher YAP expression than the normal group. Compared with the model group, high dose of JDHX effectively protected renal function, lowered the levels of Scr, BUN and KIM-1, alleviated renal pathological injury, reduced glycogen and iron deposition, and elevated the GSH, SOD, and CAT levels in the renal tissue. Furthermore, JDHX down-regulated the protein levels of ACSL4, LPCAT3, and YAP and up-regulated the level of GPX4, compared with the model group. In conclusion, JDHX can protect mice from cisplatin-induced AKI by inhibiting ferroptosis via regulating the YAP/ACSL4 signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Ferroptosis , Ratones , Masculino , Animales , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Lesión Renal Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Lesión Renal Aguda/genética , Glucógeno , Superóxido Dismutasa , Hierro , 1-Acilglicerofosfocolina O-Aciltransferasa
8.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 41(1): 2304250, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342495

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Cisplatin is commonly prescribed in hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal malignancy. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is regarded as a common complication after HIPEC combined with cytoreductive surgery (CRS). However, post-HIPEC chronic kidney disease (CKD) is scarce and less investigated. This study aims to investigate the incidence of CKD following cisplatin-based HIPEC and to analyse the associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to August 2021, a total of 55 patients treated with CRS and cisplatin-based HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis were categorized retrospectively into groups, with and without CKD. Demographics, comorbidity, surgery, postoperative management, and complications were collected to evaluate risk factors for cisplatin-based HIPEC-related CKD. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to confirm the correlation between different variables and CKD occurrence. RESULTS: Of the 55 patients, 24 (43.6%) patients developed AKI and 17 (70.8%) patients of these AKI patients progressed to CKD. Multivariate regression analysis identified intraoperative use of parecoxib (Odds Ratio (OR) = 4.39) and intraoperative maximum temperature > 38.5°C (OR = 6.40) as major risk factors for cisplatin-based HIPEC-related CKD occurrence. Though type II diabetes mellitus and intraoperative complications were the independent risk factors of AKI following cisplatin-based HIPEC, but they were not shown in CKD analysis. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative use of parecoxib during cisplatin-based HIPEC emerged as a significant risk factor for postoperative CKD. Clinicians should exercise caution in prescribing parecoxib during HIPEC procedures. Additionally, maintaining intraoperative body temperature below 38.5°C might be crucial to mitigate the risk of CKD development. This study underscores the importance of identifying and preventing specific risk factors to improve long-term renal outcomes in patients undergoing cisplatin-based HIPEC.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertermia Inducida , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica/efectos adversos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hipertermia Inducida/efectos adversos , Factores de Riesgo , Lesión Renal Aguda/etiología , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos de Citorreducción/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Terapia Combinada , Tasa de Supervivencia
9.
Pharm Biol ; 62(1): 170-182, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334090

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Chinese medicine injections (CMIs) are widely used as adjuvant therapy for cervical cancer in China. However, the effectiveness of different types of CMIs remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of CMIs when used in conjunction with radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), particularly in combination with cisplatin (DDP), docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP), and paclitaxel plus cisplatin (TP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in databases including CNKI, WanFang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to September 2023. We calculated the risk ratio with a 95% confidence interval and the surface under the cumulative ranking area curve (SUCRA) for the clinical efficacy rate (CER), the efficacy rate by Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), and the rates of leukopenia reduction (LRR) and gastrointestinal reactions (GRR). RESULTS: Forty-seven RCTs were included, including nine CMI types: Aidi, Fufangkushen, Huangqi, Kangai (KA), Kanglaite (KLT), Renshenduotang, Shenqifuzheng (SQFZ), Shenmai (SM), and Yadanzi. KLT and KA were likely optimal choices with radiotherapy for CER and KPS, respectively. KA and KLT were optimal choices with RT + DDP for CER and GRR, respectively. KLT was the likely optimal choice with RT + DP for CER and KA for both KPS and GRR. SM and SQFZ were the likely optimal choices with RT + TP for CER and LRR, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal recommendation depends on whether CMIs are used with radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. More high-quality RCTs are needed to confirm further and update the existing evidence.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Femenino , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Metaanálisis en Red , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/efectos adversos , Terapia Combinada
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 695: 149463, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176172

RESUMEN

Cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) restricts the use of cisplatin as a first-line chemotherapeutic agent. Our previous study showed that prophylactic vitamin C supplementation may act as an epigenetic modulator in alleviating cisplatin-induced AKI in mice. However, the targets of vitamin C and the mechanisms underlying the epigenetics changes remain largely unknown. Herein, whole-genome bisulfite sequencing and bulk RNA sequencing were performed on the kidney tissues of mice treated with cisplatin with prophylactic vitamin C supplementation (treatment mice) or phosphate-buffered saline (control mice) at 24 h after cisplatin treatment. Ascorbyl phosphate magnesium (APM), an oxidation-resistant vitamin C derivative, was found that led to global hypomethylation in the kidney tissue and regulated different functional genes in the promoter region and gene body region. Integrated evidence suggested that APM enhanced renal ion transport and metabolism, and reduced apoptosis and inflammation in the kidney tissues. Strikingly, Mapk15, Slc22a6, Cxcl5, and Cd44 were the potential targets of APM that conferred protection against cisplatin-induced AKI. Moreover, APM was found to be difficult to rescue cell proliferation and apoptosis caused by cisplatin in the Slc22a6 knockdown cell line. These results elucidate the mechanism by which vitamin C as an epigenetic regulator to protects against cisplatin-induced AKI and provides a new perspective and evidence support for controlling the disease process through regulating DNA methylation.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Antineoplásicos , Ratones , Animales , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Desmetilación del ADN , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente , Lesión Renal Aguda/genética , Lesión Renal Aguda/prevención & control , Riñón/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Magnesio/metabolismo , Vitaminas/farmacología , Suplementos Dietéticos , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 324: 117782, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272104

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Zishen Yutai pills (ZYP), a Chinese medicinal formulation derived from the Qing Dynasty prescription "Shou Tai pills", have been documented to exhibit beneficial effects in clinical observations treating premature ovarian failure (POF). However, the anti-POF effects and its comprehensive systemic mechanism have not yet been clarified. AIM OF THE REVIEW: Therapeutic effects and systemic mechanism of ZYP in POF were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After pulverization, sieving, and stirring, ZYP was administered intragastrically to cisplatin-induced POF mice at a dose of 1.95 mg/kg/d for 14 days. The anti-POF effects of ZYP were investigated by assessing the number of ovarian follicles at different developmental stages, as well as measuring serum estradiol (E2) levels and ovarian-expressed anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). Reproductive performance and offspring health were evaluated to predict fertility restoration. Furthermore, a combination of proteomic and metabolomic profiling was employed to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism of ZYP in treating POF. Western blot (WB) analyses and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were conducted to explore the mechanisms through which ZYP exerted its anti-POF effects. RESULTS: We have demonstrated that oral administration of ZYP reversed the reduction in follicles at different developmental stages and stimulated the expressions of serum E2 and ovarian-expressed AMH in a cisplatin-induced POF model. Additionally, ZYP ameliorated follicle apoptosis in ovaries affected by cisplatin-induced POF. Furthermore, treatment with ZYP restored the quantity and quality of oocytes, as well as enhanced fertility. Our results revealed 62 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) through proteomic analyses and identified 26 differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) through metabolomic analyses. Both DEPs and DEMs were highly enriched in the arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism pathway. ZYP treatment effectively upregulated the protein and mRNA expression of critical targets in AA metabolism and the AKT pathway, including CYP17α1, HSD3ß1, LHR, STAR, and AKT, in cisplatin-induced POF mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that ZYP exerted protective effects against POF and restored fertility from cisplatin-induced apoptosis. ZYP could be a satisfying alternative treating POF.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Menopausia Prematura , Insuficiencia Ovárica Primaria , Femenino , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Insuficiencia Ovárica Primaria/inducido químicamente , Insuficiencia Ovárica Primaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Ovárica Primaria/metabolismo , Ácido Araquidónico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Proteómica , Fertilidad , Hormona Antimülleriana
12.
Trials ; 25(1): 50, 2024 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38221636

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with intermediate and high-risk oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) have poorer response to standard treatment and poorer overall survival compared to low-risk OPC. CompARE is designed to test alternative approaches to intensified treatment for these patients to improve survival. METHODS: CompARE is a pragmatic phase III, open-label, multicenter randomised controlled trial with an adaptive multi-arm, multi-stage design and an integrated QuinteT Recruitment Intervention. Eligible OPC patients include those with human papillomavirus (HPV) negative, T1-T4, N1-N3 or T3-4, N0, or HPV positive N3, T4, or current smokers (or ≥ 10 pack years previous smoking history) with T1-T4, N2b-N3. CompARE was originally designed with four arms (one control [arm 1] and three experimental: arm 2-induction chemotherapy followed by arm 1; arm 3-dose-escalated radiotherapy plus concomitant cisplatin; and arm 4-resection of primary followed by arm 1). The three original experimental arms have been closed to recruitment and a further experimental arm opened (arm 5-induction durvalumab followed by arm 1 and then adjuvant durvalumab). Currently recruiting are arm 1 (control): standard treatment of 3-weekly cisplatin 100 mg/m2 or weekly 40 mg/m2 with intensity-modulated radiotherapy using 70 Gy in 35 fractions ± neck dissection determined by clinical and radiological assessment 3 months post-treatment, and arm 5 (intervention): one cycle of induction durvalumab 1500 mg followed by standard treatment then durvalumab 1500 mg every 4 weeks for a total of 6 months. The definitive and interim primary outcome measures are overall survival time and event-free survival (EFS) time, respectively. Secondary outcome measures include quality of life, toxicity, swallowing outcomes, feeding tube incidence, surgical complication rates, and cost-effectiveness. The design anticipates that after approximately 7 years, 84 required events will have occurred to enable analysis of the definitive primary outcome measure for this comparison. Planned interim futility analyses using EFS will also be performed. DISCUSSION: CompARE is designed to be efficient and cost-effective in response to new data, emerging new treatments or difficulties, with the aim of bringing new treatment options for these patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN ISRCTN41478539 . Registered on 29 April 2015.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecciones por Papillomavirus , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Fase III como Asunto
13.
Oncologist ; 29(2): e173-e186, 2024 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37995306

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) can be prevented by fluid hydration, electrolyte supplementation, or forced diuresis; however, the best way to prevent CIN is still unknown. The aim of this study was to provide objective evidence on the optimal design of hydration schemes to prevent CIN based on an update of the literature. METHODS: A Pubmed and Embase search were conducted in December 2021 and repeated in April 2022 and March 2023. Two independent reviewers screened the articles. The included articles were categorized and reviewed per category. RESULTS: Twenty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria. The included studies varied widely. Four out of seven studies investigating diuretics found a protective effect of adding mannitol to the hydration scheme. All six studies investigating duration and amount of volume of hydration found that a short-hydration scheme resulted in less CIN than a longer hydration scheme. Seven out of nine articles evaluating the role of electrolytes found that magnesium supplementation reduced the risk of nephrotoxicity. Three studies investigated the safety of oral hydration and concluded that nephrotoxicity did not occur more frequently after oral hydration. CONCLUSION: The hydration scheme of cisplatin should be short and consist of a relatively small amount of volume. The scheme should include mannitol and magnesium supplementation. Head-to-head studies are needed to investigate the safety of furosemide compared with mannitol and the dose of mannitol and magnesium.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Insuficiencia Renal , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Magnesio , Manitol
14.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 28(1): 1-12, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37530867

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nephrotoxicity remains the most serious side effect of cisplatin therapy. Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN) limits the use of this drug and affects up to 20% of patients. Several possible interventions such as magnesium supplementation may prevent CIN. This study aimed to review different types of hydration protocols and we conducted a meta-analysis of magnesium supplementation to understand its effect in protecting against CIN. METHODS: A search of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases was performed. Trials were eligible if they enrolled patients who received cisplatin and different hydration protocols to prevent CIN. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the efficacy of different protocols. RESULTS: We initially identified 1113 different studies and included 33 of them which met the selection criteria. A meta-analysis of 11 retrospective studies that examined magnesium supplementation during hydration showed that this treatment provided significant protection against CIN (OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.14 to 0.35). CONCLUSION: There has been uncertainty regarding the best method to prevent CIN. Our results highlight the potentially protective effect of magnesium supplementation during hydration. This study is registered in PROSPERO, CRD42020212682.


Asunto(s)
Cisplatino , Insuficiencia Renal , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Hidróxido de Magnesio , Magnesio/uso terapéutico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Insuficiencia Renal/inducido químicamente , Suplementos Dietéticos , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Metaanálisis como Asunto
15.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 220: 115962, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043717

RESUMEN

Puerarin (PUE), a flavonoid derivative with vasodilatory effects found in the traditional Chinese medicine kudzu, has anti-sensorineural hearing loss properties. However, the mechanism of its protective effect against ototoxicity is not well understood. In this study, we used in vitro and in vivo methods to investigate the protective mechanism of puerarin against cisplatin (CDDP)-induced ototoxicity. We established an ototoxicity model of CDDP in BALB/c mice and assessed the degree of hearing loss and cochlear cell damage. We used bioinformatics analysis, molecular docking, histological analysis, and biochemical and molecular biology to detect the expression of relevant factors. Our results show that puerarin improved CDDP-induced hearing loss and reduced hair cell loss. It also blocked CDDP-induced activation of TRPV1 and inhibited activation of IP3R1 to prevent intracellular calcium overload. Additionally, puerarin blocked CDDP-stimulated p65 activation, reduced excessive ROS production, and alleviated cochlear cell apoptosis. Our study provides new evidence and potential targets for the protective effect of puerarin against drug-induced hearing loss. Puerarin ameliorates cisplatin-induced ototoxicity and blocks cellular apoptosis by inhibiting CDDP activated TRPV1/IP3R1/p65 pathway, blocking induction of calcium overload and excessive ROS expression.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Pérdida Auditiva , Isoflavonas , Ototoxicidad , Animales , Ratones , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Apoptosis , Calcio/metabolismo , Línea Celular , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Pérdida Auditiva/inducido químicamente , Pérdida Auditiva/prevención & control , Pérdida Auditiva/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Canales Catiónicos TRPV/genética
16.
Phytomedicine ; 123: 155252, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38056145

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has high morbidity and mortality, which is manifested by inflammation and apoptosis. Effective treatment methods for AKI are currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study demonstrated the protecting effects of Madecassoside (MA) in the cisplatin- and hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced renal tubular epithelial cells in vitro and AKI mice in vivo. METHODS: In vivo AKI mouse models were established by inducing them with cisplatin and renal ischemia-reperfusion. In vitro injury models of mouse renal tubular epithelial cells were established by inducing them with cisplatin and hypoxia and reoxygenation, respectively. The mechanism of MA effects was further explored using molecular docking and RNA-sequencing. RESULTS: MA could significantly reduce kidney injury in the cisplatin-and renal ischemia-reperfusion (IRI)-induced AKI. Further validation in the two cellular models also showed that MA had protect effects. MA can alleviate AKI in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting inflammation, cell apoptosis, and oxidative stress. MA exhibited high permeability across the Caco-2 cell, can enter cells directly. Through RNA-seq and molecular docking analysis, this study further demonstrated that MA inhibits its activity by directly binding to JNK kinase, thereby inhibiting c-JUN mediated cell apoptosis and improving AKI. In addition, MA has better renal protective effects compared to curcumin and JNK inhibitor SP600125. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that MA might be a potential drug for the treatment of AKI and act through the JNK/c-JUN signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , Daño por Reperfusión , Triterpenos , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Células CACO-2 , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente , Apoptosis , Riñón , Estrés Oxidativo , Daño por Reperfusión/tratamiento farmacológico , Daño por Reperfusión/metabolismo , Isquemia , Inflamación/metabolismo , Hipoxia , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 210: 430-447, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38056576

RESUMEN

Cisplatin is a frequently used chemotherapeutic medicine for cancer treatment. Permanent hearing loss is one of the most serious side effects of cisplatin, but there are few FDA-approved medicines to prevent it. We applied high-through screening and target fishing and identified aldose reductase, a key enzyme of the polyol pathway, as a novel target for treating cisplatin ototoxicity. Cisplatin treatment significantly increased the expression level and enzyme activity of aldose reductase in the cochlear sensory epithelium. Genetic knockdown or pharmacological inhibition of aldose reductase showed a significant protective effect on cochlear hair cells. Cisplatin-induced overactivation of aldose reductase led to the decrease of NADPH/NADP+ and GSH/GSSG ratios, as well as the increase of oxidative stress, and contributed to hair cell death. Results of target prediction, molecular docking, and enzyme activity detection further identified that Tiliroside was an effective inhibitor of aldose reductase. Tiliroside was proven to inhibit the enzymatic activity of aldose reductase via competitively interfering with the substrate-binding region. Both Tiliroside and another clinically approved aldose reductase inhibitor, Epalrestat, inhibited cisplatin-induced oxidative stress and subsequent cell death and thus protected hearing function. These findings discovered the role of aldose reductase in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced deafness and identified aldose reductase as a new target for the prevention and treatment of hearing loss.


Asunto(s)
Cisplatino , Pérdida Auditiva , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Aldehído Reductasa/genética , Aldehído Reductasa/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Evaluación Preclínica de Medicamentos , Pérdida Auditiva/inducido químicamente
18.
J Med Food ; 26(12): 927-938, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064431

RESUMEN

Cisplatin, a potent and prominent chemotherapeutic drug, has considerable side effects, including nephrotoxicity, which limits its therapeutic application and efficacy. Therefore, the development of agents that protect normal cells while preserving cisplatin's chemotherapeutic properties is of utmost importance. This study aimed to explore the protective effects of Bombyx batryticatus protein-rich extract (BBPE) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in a cisplatin-treated mouse model and human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Apoptosis was assessed in HEK293 cells to determine the cytoprotective effects of BBPE and its effects on the generation of cisplatin-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MTP) collapse. Although cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in HEK293 cells, pretreatment with BBPE showed significant protective effects against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by regulating the expression levels of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins. The cytoprotective effects of BBPE were mediated by decreased ROS production and MTP loss in cisplatin-treated HEK293 cells. The in vitro results were confirmed in the cisplatin-treated mouse model. Pretreatment with BBPE protected against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by restoring malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, and catalase levels in kidney tissue and blood urea nitrogen and creatinine serum levels. Furthermore, histopathological assessment and terminal dUTP nick end-labeling staining showed that BBPE mitigated cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in kidney tissues. Overall, BBPE may act as a potent agent for alleviating cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, thereby increasing the safety of cisplatin-based chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Bombyx , Cisplatino , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Células HEK293 , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Bombyx/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Glutatión/metabolismo , Riñón , Apoptosis
19.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 22: 15347354231220608, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38140826

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: evaluate the efficacy of Zingiber Officinale in the management of nausea and vomiting induced by treatment with cisplatin associated with radiotherapy in patients with uterine cervical neoplasms. METHODS: a triple-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Interventions: Comparing the effects of ginger with institutional antiemetic therapy (ondansetron with dexamethasone). Patients with cervical cancer who started treatment with cisplatin with an indication of 40 mg/m² associated with radiotherapy, aged over 18 years, and with the ability to tolerate swallowing a capsule were recruited and equally allocated (1:1:1) into 3 groups of 16 patients each (the ginger capsules 250 mg group, ginger capsules 500 mg group, and placebo group). Nausea and vomiting were measured on baseline, 7 days after the first dose of medication and every seven consecutive days during a treatment break. RESULTS: The 250 mg ginger group had an 8.0% greater chance of experiencing nausea within 24 h after the chemotherapy infusion than the placebo group, although there is no statistical significance (P = .92986). The 500 mg ginger group showed a 63.9% reduction in nausea under the same conditions (P = .40460). No change was detected in the occurrence of nausea episodes during the 6 weeks (P = .8664) or between the groups (P = .2817). No change was detected in acute or late vomiting during the 6 weeks (P = .3510) or between the groups (P = .8500 and P = .5389, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ginger supplementation does not reduce the intensity of acute and late nausea and vomiting. REBEC (RBR-47yx6p9).


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Zingiber officinale , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Método Doble Ciego , Vómitos/inducido químicamente , Vómitos/tratamiento farmacológico , Náusea/inducido químicamente , Náusea/tratamiento farmacológico
20.
Molecules ; 28(22)2023 Nov 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38005304

RESUMEN

Cisplatin (Cis) is considered to be one of the most effective drugs for killing cancer cells and remains a first-line chemotherapeutic agent. However, Cis's multiple toxicities (especially nephrotoxicity) have limited its clinical use. Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Wight et Arn. (MT), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) employed extensively in China, not only enhances the antitumor effect in combination with Cis, but is also used for its detoxifying effect, as it reduces the toxic side effects of chemotherapy drugs. The aim of this study was to explore the therapeutic effect of MT on Cis-induced nephrotoxicity, along with its underlying mechanisms. In this study, liquid-mass spectrometry was performed to identify the complex composition of the extracts of MT. In addition, we measured the renal function, antioxidant enzymes, and inflammatory cytokines in mice with Cis-induced nephrotoxicity and conducted renal histology evaluations to assess renal injury. The expressions of the proteins related to antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and apoptotic markers in renal tissues was detected by Western blotting (WB). MT treatment improved the renal function, decreased the mRNA expression of the inflammatory factors, and increased the antioxidant enzyme activity in mice. A better renal histology was observed after MT treatment. Further, MT inhibited the expression of the phospho-NFκB p65 protein/NFκB p65 protein (p-p65)/p65, phospho-inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase beta subunit/inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase beta subunit (p-IKKß/IKKß), Bcl-2-associated X (Bax), and Cleaved Caspase 3/Caspase 3 proteins, while the expression of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), Recombinant NADH Dehydrogenase, Quinone 1 (NQO1), and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) was increased. The present study showed that MT ameliorated renal injury, which mainly occurs through the regulation of the Nrf2 pathway, the NF-κB pathway, and the suppression of renal tissue apoptosis. It also suggests that MT can be used as an adjuvant to mitigate the nephrotoxicity of Cis chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Cisplatino , Marsdenia , Ratones , Animales , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Caspasa 3/metabolismo , Marsdenia/metabolismo , Quinasa I-kappa B/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Estrés Oxidativo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/inducido químicamente , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA