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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 411, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622620

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The concept of "total pain" plays an important role in palliative care; it means that pain is not solely experienced on a physical level, but also within a psychological, social and spiritual dimension. Understanding what spirituality entails, however, is a challenge for health care professionals, as is screening for the spiritual needs of patients. OBJECTIVE: This is a novel, interprofessional approach in teaching undergraduate medical students about spiritual care in the format of a seminar. The aim of this study is to assess if an increase in knowledge about spiritual care in the clinical context is achievable with this format. METHODS: In a mandatory seminar within the palliative care curriculum at our university, both a physician and a hospital chaplain teach strategies in symptom control from different perspectives (somatic domain - spiritual domain). For evaluation purposes of the content taught on the spiritual domain, we conducted a questionnaire consisting of two parts: specific outcome evaluation making use of the comparative self-assessment (CSA) gain and overall perception of the seminar using Likert scale. RESULTS: In total, 52 students participated. Regarding specific outcome evaluation, the greatest gain was achieved in the ability to define total pain (84.8%) and in realizing its relevance in clinical settings (77.4%). The lowest, but still fairly high improvement was achieved in the ability to identify patients who might benefit from spiritual counselling (60.9%). The learning benefits were all significant as confirmed by confidence intervals. Overall, students were satisfied with the structure of the seminar. The content was delivered clearly and comprehensibly reaching a mean score of 4.3 on Likert scale (4 = agree). The content was perceived as overall relevant to the later work in medicine (mean 4.3). Most students do not opt for a seminar solely revolving around spiritual care (mean 2.6). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that implementing spiritual care education following an interprofessional approach into existing medical curricula, e.g. palliative medicine, is feasible and well perceived among medical students. Students do not wish for a seminar which solely revolves around spiritual care but prefer a close link to clinical practice and strategies.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Paliativa , Terapias Espirituales , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Curriculum , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Dolor , Espiritualidad
2.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 102, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627698

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer patients with good Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (score 0-1) are underrepresented in current qualitative reports compared with their dying counterparts. AIM: To explore the experiences and care needs of advanced cancer patients with good ECOG. DESIGN: A qualitative phenomenological approach using semi-structured interview was employed. Data was analyzed using the Colaizzi's method. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sample of terminal solid cancer patients on palliative care aged 18-70 years with a 0-1 ECOG score were recruited from a tertiary general hospital. RESULTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed. Seven themes were generated from the transcripts, including experiencing no or mild symptoms; independence in self-care, decision-making, and financial capacity; prioritization of cancer growth suppression over symptom management; financial concerns; hope for prognosis and life; reluctance to discuss death and after-death arrangements; and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and religious coping. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced cancer patients with good ECOG have distinct experiences and care needs from their dying counterparts. They tend to experience no or mild symptoms, demonstrate a strong sense of independence, and prioritize cancer suppression over symptom management. Financial concerns were common and impact their care-related decision-making. Though being hopeful for their prognosis and life, many are reluctant to discuss death and after-death arrangements. Many Chinese patients use herbal medicine as a CAM modality but need improved awareness of and accessibility to treatment options. Healthcare professionals and policy-makers should recognize their unique experiences and needs when tailoring care strategies and policies.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Pronóstico , Autocuidado , Investigación Cualitativa
3.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 98, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605315

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Research evidence suggests that a lack of engagement with palliative care and advance care planning could be attributed to a lack of knowledge, presence of misconceptions and stigma within the general public. However, the importance of how death, dying and bereavement are viewed and experienced has been highlighted as an important aspect in enabling public health approaches to palliative care. Therefore, research which explores the public views on strategies to facilitate engagement with palliative care and advance care planning is required. METHODS: Exploratory, qualitative design, utilising purposive random sampling from a database of participants involved in a larger mixed methods study. Online semi-structured interviews were conducted (n = 28) and analysed using reflexive thematic analysis. Thematic findings were mapped to the social-ecological model framework to provide a holistic understanding of public behaviours in relation to palliative care and advance care planning engagement. RESULTS: Three themes were generated from the data: "Visibility and relatability"; "Embedding opportunities for engagement into everyday life"; "Societal and cultural barriers to open discussion". Evidence of interaction across all five social ecological model levels was identified across the themes, suggesting a multi-level public health approach incorporating individual, social, structural and cultural aspects is required for effective public engagement. CONCLUSIONS: Public views around potential strategies for effective engagement in palliative care and advance care planning services were found to be multifaceted. Participants suggested an increase in visibility within the public domain to be a significant area of consideration. Additionally, enhancing opportunities for the public to engage in palliative care and advance care planning within everyday life, such as education within schools, is suggested to improve death literacy and reduce stigma. For effective communication, socio-cultural aspects need to be explored when developing strategies for engagement with all members of society.


Asunto(s)
Planificación Anticipada de Atención , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Grupos de Población , Estigma Social , Salud Pública , Investigación Cualitativa
4.
Burns ; 50(6): 1632-1639, 2024 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582696

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The need to integrate palliative/end-of-life care across healthcare systems is critical considering the increasing prevalence of health-related suffering. In burn care, however, a general lack of practice recommendations persists. Our burn unit developed practice recommendations to be implemented and this study aimed to examine the components of the practice recommendations that were utilised and aspects that were not to guide further training and collaborative efforts. METHODS: We employed a prospective clinical observation approach and chart review to ascertain the utilisation of the recommendations over a 3-year period for all burn patients. We formulated a set of trigger parametres based on existing literature and burn care staff consultation in our unit. Additionally, a checklist based on the practice recommendations was created to record the observations and chart review findings. All records were entered into a secure form on Google Forms following which we employed descriptive statistics in the form of counts and percentages to analyse the data. RESULTS: Of the 170 burn patients admitted, 66 (39%) persons died. Although several aspects of each practice recommendation were observed, post-bereavement support and collaboration across teams are still limited. Additionally, though the practice recommendations were comprehensive to support holistic care, a preponderance of delivering physical care was noted. The components of the practice recommendations that were not utilised include undertaking comprehensive assessment to identify and resolve patient needs (such as spiritual and psychosocial needs), supporting family members across the injury trajectory, involvement of a palliative care team member, and post-bereavement support for family members, and burn care staff. The components that were not utilised could have undoubtedly helped to achieve a comprehensive approach to care with greater family and palliative care input. CONCLUSION: We find a great need to equip burn care staff with general palliative care skills. Also, ongoing collaboration/ partnership between the burn care and palliative care teams need to be strengthened. Active family engagement, identifying, and resolving other patient needs beyond the physical aspect also needs further attention to ensure a comprehensive approach to end of life care in the burn unit.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Quemados , Quemaduras , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Cuidados Paliativos , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Quemaduras/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Cuidado Terminal/normas , Masculino , Ghana , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/normas , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Estudios Prospectivos , Unidades de Quemados/organización & administración , Anciano , Adulto Joven , Adolescente , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Salud Holística , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Lista de Verificación
5.
J Palliat Care ; 39(3): 217-226, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584432

RESUMEN

Background: Nurses should have appropriate education and required competencies to provide high-quality palliative care. The aim of this international multisite study was to list and evaluate core palliative care competencies that European nurses need to achieve in their education to provide palliative care. Methods: The Nominal Group Technique (NGT) was used as a data collection method. NGT meetings were organized in four European countries. Targeted groups of palliative care professionals with diverse contextual and professional backgrounds participated in the NGTs. The research question was: "What are the core competencies in palliative care that need to be achieved during undergraduate nursing education?" Data analysis was done in two stages: grouping the top 10 answers based on similarities and thematic synthesis based on all the ideas produced during the NGTs. Results: Palliative care core competencies based on the research were (1) competence in the characteristics of palliative care; (2) competence in decision-making and enabling palliative care; (3) symptom management competence in palliative care; (4) competence in holistic support in palliative care; (5) active person- and family-centered communication competence in palliative care; (6) competence in empathy in palliative care; (7) spiritual competence in palliative care; (8) competence in ethical and legal issues in palliative care; (9) teamwork competence in palliative care; and (10) self-awareness and self-reflection competence in palliative care. Conclusions: It was possible to find differences and similarities in the top 10 palliative care core competencies from different countries. Thematic synthesis of all the data showed that there were various competencies needed for nursing students to provide quality palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Bachillerato en Enfermería , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Competencia Clínica/normas , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Bachillerato en Enfermería/normas , Masculino , Adulto , Femenino , Europa (Continente) , Enfermería de Cuidados Paliativos al Final de la Vida/educación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Internacionalidad
6.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 44(3): e438644, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662976

RESUMEN

Palliative care (PC) plays a critical role in managing the difficulties associated with genitourinary malignancies. Its primary aim is to improve the overall health of patients, provide support to both patients and their caregivers, and help individuals to navigate the complex decisions about treatment and end-of-life care. PC takes a holistic approach to patient care, recognizing that genitourinary malignancies affect multiple aspects of a person's life. By addressing physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs, PC aims to provide comprehensive support that is consistent with the patient's values and preferences. The goal is to optimize comfort, minimize distress, and enhance the patient's quality of life throughout the course of the illness. PC is not a one-off intervention, but an ongoing source of support. This article aims to provide a thorough overview of the critical elements involved in addressing the challenges posed by genitourinary cancers, emphasizing the importance of palliative interventions. We will highlight the multifaceted aspects of care and explore strategies to optimize the overall well-being of patients throughout the course of treatment for genitourinary malignancies.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados Paliativos , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias Urogenitales , Humanos , Manejo de la Enfermedad , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidado Terminal , Neoplasias Urogenitales/terapia
7.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 70, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468298

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As the proportion of older persons in society increases, there is a growing trend towards providing end-of-life care in their homes. Palliative care is a complex and knowledge-demanding form of care, and nurse assistants are those who work closest to the older person at the end-of-life in their own homes. However, nurse assistants sometimes have low educational and insufficient levels of knowledge in palliative care, which can affect the quality of care they provide. Moreover, nurse assistants' experiences are relatively unexplored in this context. The purpose of the study was to illuminate nurse assistants' experiences in caring for dying older persons at home. METHOD: An empirical, qualitative interview study was conducted with 14 nurse assistants with experience of palliative care in homecare. The material was analyzed using thematic content analysis. RESULTS: From the nurse assistant's experiences, one main theme emerged: doing everything possible for the dying older person despite challenges. Moreover, three sub-themes emerged: making a difference at a crucial time, death awakens emotions, and balancing personal and professional relationships. The nurse assistants' saw their role primarily as relieving symptoms but also focusing on next of kin. The following are described as essential parts of their role: carrying out practical nursing tasks, focusing on the physical environment, working alone and seeking help from colleagues due to a physical distance to the other members of the multidisciplinary team. The nurse assistants experienced a lack of support as there was no structured guidance or debriefing available in difficult emotional situations. Furthermore, they disclosed that they were left alone to deal with their feelings. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that nurse assistants strive to provide comprehensive care for dying older persons despite facing obstacles from their working conditions and work organization. They lack supervision and education in palliative care, but they rely on their experience-based knowledge to a large extent and provide care according to the four cornerstones of palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Casas de Salud , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Cuidado Terminal/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa , Percepción
8.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 16(1): e1-e8, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426783

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  The African region produces a small proportion of all health research, including primary health care research. The SCOPUS database only lists the African Journal of Primary Health Care Family Medicine (PHCFM) and the South African Family Practice Journal (SAFP) in the field of family practice. AIM:  To review the nature of all original research (2020-2022) published in PHCFM and SAFP. SETTING:  African region. METHOD:  All 327 articles were included. Data were extracted into REDCap, using a standardised tool and exported to the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. RESULTS:  The median number of authors was 3 (interquartile range [IQR]: 2-4) and institutions and disciplines 1 (IQR: 1-2). Most authors were from South Africa (79.8%) and family medicine (45.3%) or public health (34.2%). Research focused on integrated health services (76.1%) and was mostly clinical (66.1%) or service delivery (37.9%). Clinical research addressed infectious diseases (23.4%), non-communicable diseases (24.6%) and maternal and women's health (19.4%). Service delivery research addressed the core functions of primary care (35.8%), particularly person-centredness and comprehensiveness. Research targeted adults and older adults (77.0%) as well as health promotion or disease prevention (38.5%) and treatment (30.9%). Almost all research was descriptive (73.7%), mostly surveys. CONCLUSION:  Future research should include community empowerment and multisectoral action. Within integrated health services, some areas need more attention, for example, children, palliative and rehabilitative care, continuity and coordination. Capacity building and support should enable larger, less-descriptive and more collaborative interdisciplinary studies with authors outside of South Africa.Contribution: The results highlight the strengths and weaknesses of family practice research in Africa.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria , Anciano , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Familia , Cuidados Paliativos , Sudáfrica , Adulto
10.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 15(3): 101740, 2024 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513534

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Studies about clinician acceptability of integrative palliative care interventions in the inpatient and outpatient cancer settings are limited. In this study, we examined clinician acceptability of a NIH-funded interdisciplinary PAlliative and Supportive Care inTervention (PACT) for older adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and their care partners that transcends both inpatient and outpatient settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected using semi-structured interviews with clinicians who were directly involved in PACT. The domains of the Theoretical Framework of Acceptability were used to guide the qualitative analysis. RESULTS: The clinicians consisted of occupational therapists (37%), physical therapists (25%), registered nurses (25%), and a clinical rehabilitation manager (13%). Five themes were identified in the thematic analysis: (1) Emotions and affect towards the intervention, (2) Intervention coherence and self-efficacy, (3) Barriers, burden, and opportunity costs of delivering the intervention, (4) Usefulness and effectiveness of the intervention, and (5) Recommendations to improve intervention delivery. DISCUSSION: All clinicians found the PACT intervention highly acceptable and expressed the positive impact of the intervention on job fulfillment and satisfaction. Our findings provide evidence to inform the delivery and implementation of future large scale integrative palliative care intervention trials.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Anciano , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos
11.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 67(6): 544-553, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479538

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Despite making do-not-resuscitate or comfort care decisions during advance care planning, terminally ill patients sometimes receive life-sustaining treatments as they approach end of life. OBJECTIVES: To examine factors contributing to nonconcordance between end-of-life care and advance care planning. METHODS: In this longitudinal retrospective cohort study, terminally ill patients with a life expectancy shorter than six months, who had previously expressed a preference for do-not-resuscitate or comfort care, were followed up after palliative shared care intervention. An instrument with eight items contributing to non-concordant care, developed through literature review and experts' consensus, was employed. An expert panel reviewed electronic medical records to determine factors associated with non-concordant care for each patient. Statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics and the chi-square test, examines demographic characteristics, and associations. RESULTS: Among the enrolled 7871 patients, 97 (1.2%) received non-concordant care. The most prevalent factor was "families being too distressed about the patient's deteriorating condition and therefore being unable to let go" (84.5%) followed by "limited understanding of medical interventions among patients and surrogates" (38.1%), and "lack of patient participation in the decision-making process" (25.8%). CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that factors related to relational autonomy, emotional support, and health literacy may contribute to non-concordance between advance care planning and end-of-life care. In the future, developing an advance care planning model emphasizes respecting relational autonomy, providing emotional support, and enhancing health literacy could help patients receiving a goal concordant and holistic end-of-life care.


Asunto(s)
Planificación Anticipada de Atención , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Órdenes de Resucitación , Prioridad del Paciente , Enfermo Terminal , Cuidados Paliativos
12.
Clin Geriatr Med ; 40(2): 333-345, 2024 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521603

RESUMEN

Palliative care focuses on improving the quality of life for people with serious illnesses and their loved ones. This article introduces considerations including barriers to care, intersectionality, minority stress, microaggressions, and social safety that may impact the experience and openness of people to receive this care. The authors outline tools to address these challenges including trauma-informed care and how to recognize bias and earn trust. The authors conclude by offering a model for incorporating these assessments and tools with sample scripts to provide patient-centered and holistic palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Personas Transgénero , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Identidad de Género , Cuidados Paliativos , Calidad de Vida , Muerte
13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 13(2): 397-414, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462938

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The indication "existential suffering (ES)" for palliative sedation therapy is included in most frameworks for palliative sedation and has been controversially discussed for decades. The appellative character of ES demands rapid relief and sedation often appears to be the best or only solution. ES is still poorly understood and so often neglected by health care professionals due to a lack of consensus regarding assessment, definition and treatment in the international medical literature. Based on a selective review of the literature on ES we propose a different view on the underlying processes of ES and the resulting consequences on medical treatment. METHODS: A narrative review was performed after PubMed search using key terms related to ES and sedation, covering the period from 1950 to April 2023, additionally a selective search in specialist literature on Existential Analysis. Reverse and forward snowballing followed. The language of analyzed publications was restricted to English and German. KEY CONTENT AND FINDINGS: ES is a multidimensional experience that tends to turn into despair and ultimately into a wish to die due to perceived hopelessness and meaninglessness. Pharmacological treatment or sedation do not meet the holistic needs of existential sufferers. The risk of harmful effects by continuous deep sedation seems to be significantly increased for existentially suffering patients. Professional caregivers are burdened by the appellative character of ES, limited treatment options and perceived empathic distress. Without a holistic understanding of the human condition in palliative care, ES cannot be fundamentally alleviated, and existential sufferers have no opportunity to transform and thus mitigate their condition. The recognition of underlying causes of suffering-moods is facilitated by the comprehensive approach of Existential Analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The presented concept of Existential Analysis and the triad of ES are useful instruments for health care professionals to recognize and support underlying moods of existentially suffering patients. Further studies are required. Comprehensive training for professional caregivers on ES is essential to enable them to reflect on their own existential concerns and finiteness as well as those of patients. Continuous deep sedation for ES must remain the exception, equivalent to a last resort option.


Asunto(s)
Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Estrés Psicológico , Hipnóticos y Sedantes/uso terapéutico , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Existencialismo
14.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(3): 160, 2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532121

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The National Hospice and Palliative Registry contains patient data from German hospice and palliative care facilities about symptoms. The aim of the study at hand is to differentiate symptom burden of patients in palliative care units between Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) and other hospitals regarding symptom burden and relief of patients in palliative care units. METHODS: The registry analysis provided data of patients in palliative care units (2014-2018). We analyzed characteristic and symptom-related data on 18 symptoms, with considerable symptom-burdened patients (moderate or severe). We followed a cancer (yes/no) and facility-specific descriptive analysis (f, %, µ, Mdn, SD, V, r) using SPSS. RESULTS: We evaluated 10,447 patient records (CCC: 4234 pts/non CCC 6,213 pts), 82% with a cancer diagnosis. For cancer patients, the mean age in CCC-affiliated palliative care units was 68 (SD 19-99) years, in others 73 (SD 23-104) years (p < 0.05; V = 0.2). The proportion of patients with significant symptom burden is lower in CCC-affiliated than in other palliative care units. The difference between facilities shows a significant weak effect in pain, vomiting and constipation, depressiveness, anxiety, and tension. The proportion of cases which symptom burden could be alleviated is higher in CCC-affiliated palliative care units with significant weak/medium effect in pain, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, constipation, wound care problems, depressiveness, anxiety, tension, confusion, and problems in organizing care. CONCLUSION: We found differences in symptom burden and symptom relief between CCC-affiliated and other palliative care units. CCCs should continue to feel responsible for sharing knowledge about symptom relief, such as through standard operating procedures and education.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Anciano , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Carga Sintomática , Dolor , Hospitales , Vómitos , Estreñimiento
16.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 68(1): 1-9, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522805

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Over the last 30 years, non-pharmacological treatment with ear acupuncture, including National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) acupuncture, has become popular in Western society to relieve cancer-related symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aim is to explore whether NADA acupuncture plays a role in relieving suffering experienced by patients hospitalized in a specialized palliative care ward and their family caregivers and whether it contributes to their coping skills. METHODS: A qualitative study with a hermeneutic approach utilizing inductive thematic content analysis. Purposeful sampling took place in a specialized palliative care ward in Denmark and all data were collected through semi-structured interviews with patients and family caregivers as either individual or family interviews. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients and 15 family caregivers participated in interviews. Four themes emerged: (1) communication about treatment with NADA acupuncture, (2) relief of suffering generates extra energy and inner strength, (3) sharing the experience with the family is beneficial, and (4) physical and psychological effects after receiving NADA acupuncture. CONCLUSION: Patients in palliative care and their family caregivers experienced relief of suffering after receiving NADA acupuncture, as well as improved well-being, and extra energy and inner strength to cope with their life situation. The ability to share NADA acupuncture gave family caregivers the feeling of being cared for and contributed to feelings of fellowship and togetherness within the family, strengthening their ability to communicate and cope.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Cuidadores , Cuidados Paliativos , Investigación Cualitativa , Humanos , Cuidadores/psicología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Adulto , Terapia por Acupuntura , Dinamarca , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicología , Acupuntura Auricular , Familia/psicología , Entrevistas como Asunto
17.
Palliat Med ; 38(3): 364-378, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450624

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Children and young people with life-limiting conditions and their families need physical and emotional support to manage the challenges of their lives. There is a lack of synthesised qualitative research about how music therapy is experienced by children, young people and their families supported by paediatric palliative care services. AIM: To systematically identify and synthesise qualitative research on experiences of music therapy in paediatric palliative care from stakeholder perspectives. DESIGN: A Qualitative Evidence Synthesis was conducted using Thematic Synthesis. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42021251025). DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted with no dates imposed via the electronic databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and CINAHL in April 2021 and updated in April 2022. Studies were appraised for quality using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool (CASP). RESULTS: A total of 148 studies were found, 5 studies met the eligibility criteria reporting the experiences of 14 mothers, 24 family members and 4 staff members in paediatric palliative care. There were five overarching themes: emotional and physical reprieve, opportunity for normalised experiences, thriving despite life limited condition, enhance family wellbeing and therapeutic relationship central to outcomes. CONCLUSION: Music therapy provides unique benefits for this paediatric population particularly in supporting child and family wellbeing. The therapeutic relationship, interpersonal skills of the therapist and experience in paediatric palliative care are perceived as central to these positive outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Musicoterapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Niño , Humanos , Adolescente , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Familia , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(1)2024 02 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388024

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Palliative care is an approach that aims to holistically improve the quality of life, care and death of people living with life-limiting conditions as well as their families. In Thailand, palliative care became one of its national strategies as of 2014. However, the access to as well as the quality of palliative care being delivered still varies across the nation, due to multiple factors spanning multiple levels. Consequently, there is a need to comprehensively understand the current palliative care ecosystem in Thailand. This review aims to explore, map and conceptualise the literature available on the palliative care ecosystem in Thailand, and how the service being delivered influences the quality of life, death and care of people living with life-limiting conditions alongside their families. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This review will consist of two stages. First, a scoping review guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews will be initially conducted. A systematic literature search using Medical Subject Heading and text words related to palliative care will be performed in PubMed, CINAHL and Thai Citation Index from 2013 to 2023. Grey literature will be searched via alternative sources: Google keyword searching and stakeholders consultation. References of included sources will be handsearched to identify further resources.The population, concept and context framework is used to frame the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This will be further refined after the initial search, reflecting the iterative nature of a scoping review. Articles will be independently screened by three reviewers. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet will be used as the data extraction tool. Data will be extracted and presented using a narrative synthesis approach.Second, included articles from the scoping review will be further analysed and visualised using a bibliometric analysis technique. This stage involves a computational method, including statistical analysis and content analysis of the articles' bibliographic details. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This paper describes a protocol for a scoping review and bibliographical analysis. As such, ethical approval was not required. Information relating to the review will be stored with Open Science Framework Registries. The findings of this proposed scoping review will be distributed through a peer-reviewed publication, academic seminars, conferences and patients and public involvement groups.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados Paliativos , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Tailandia , Ecosistema , Bibliometría , Literatura de Revisión como Asunto
19.
Urologie ; 63(3): 241-253, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418597

RESUMEN

Androgen deprivation in combination with novel hormonal agents, docetaxel, or in combination with abiraterone/prednisone plus docetaxel or darolutamid plus docetaxel represent the standard therapeutic approach in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Patients with low-risk prostate cancer also benefit from additional radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy in terms of progression-free and overall survival. Despite favorable response rates, basically all patients will develop castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) within 2.5 to 4 years. In addition to systemic chemotherapy, second-line hormonal treatment of systemic application of radionuclides such as radium223 or 177Lu-PSMA represent salvage management options. However, nowadays about 50-65% of patients will develop symptoms due to local progression of prostate cancer which is the result of improved oncological outcomes with significantly prolonged survival times due to the new medical treatment options. Management of such symptomatic local progression will become more important in upcoming years so that all uro-oncologists need to be aware of the various surgical management options. Complications of the lower urogenital tract such as recurrent gross hematuria ± bladder clotting and with the necessity for red blood cell transfusions, subvesical obstruction and acute urinary retention, rectourethral or rectovesical fistulas might be managed by palliative surgery such as palliative transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), radical cystectomy, radical cystoprostatectomy with urinary diversion, and pelvic exenteration. Symptomatic or asymptomatic obstruction of the upper urinary tract might be managed by endoluminal or percutaneous urinary diversion, ureteral reimplantation, ileal ureter replacement, or implantation of the Detour® system (Coloplast GmbH, Hamburg, Germany).


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración/tratamiento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Andrógenos/uso terapéutico , Cuidados Paliativos
20.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297832, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354191

RESUMEN

AIMS: Patients diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have a high symptom burden and numerous needs that remain largely unaddressed despite advances in available treatment options. There is a need to comprehensively identify patients' needs and create opportunities to address them. This scoping review aimed to synthesise the available evidence and identify gaps in the literature regarding the unmet needs of patients diagnosed with IPF. METHODS: The protocol for the review was registered with Open Science Framework (DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/SY4KM). A systematic search was performed in March 2022, in CINAHL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsychInfo, Web of Science Core Collection and ASSIA Applied Social Science Index. A comprehensive review of grey literature was also completed. Inclusion criteria included patients diagnosed with IPF and date range 2011-2022. A range of review types were included. Data was extracted using a data extraction form. Data was analysed using descriptive and thematic analysis. A total of 884 citations were reviewed. Ethical approval was not required. RESULTS: 52 citations were selected for final inclusion. Five themes were identified: 1.) psychological impact of an IPF diagnosis. 2.) adequate information and education: at the right time and in the right way. 3.) high symptom burden support needs. 4.) referral to palliative care and advance care planning (ACP). 5.) health service provision-a systems approach. CONCLUSION: This review highlights the myriad of needs patients with IPF have and highlights the urgent need for a systems approach to care, underpinned by an appropriately resourced multi-disciplinary team. The range of needs experienced by patients with IPF are broad and varied and require a holistic approach to care including targeted research, coupled with the continuing development of patient-focused services and establishment of clinical care programmes.


Asunto(s)
Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamiento farmacológico
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