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1.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599645

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the objective response rate (ORR) of induction chemoimmunotherapy with camrelizumab plus TPF (docetaxel, cisplatin, and capecitabine) for locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LA HSCC) and potential predictive factors for ORR. Methods: A single-center, prospective, phase 2 and single-arm trial was conducted for evaluating antitumor activity of camrelizumab+TPF(docetaxel+cisplatin+capecitabine) for LA HSCC between May 21, 2021 and April 15, 2023, patients admitted to the Eye & ENT Hospital affiliated with Fudan University. The primary endpoint was ORR, and enrolled patients with LA HSCC at T3-4N0-3M0 received induction chemoimmunotherapy for three cycles: camrelizumab 200 mg day 1, docetaxel 75 mg/m2 day 1, cisplatin 25 mg/m2 days 1-3, and capecitabine 800 mg/m2 days 1-14. Patients were assigned to radioimmunotherapy when they had complete response or partial response (PR)>70% (Group A), or assigned to surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy when they had PR≤70% (Group B), and the responses were defined by using tumor volume evaluation system. Tumor diameter was also used to assess the treatment responses by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. Use SPSS 23.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 51 patients were enrolled who underwent the induced chemoimmunotherapy for three cycles, and all were males, aged 35-69 years old. After three cycles of induction immunochemotherapy, 42 (82.4%) patients existed in Group A (complete response or PR>70%) and 9 patients (17.6%) in Group B (PR≤70%), the ORR was 82.4%. The primary endpoint achieved expected main research objectives. Compared to the patients of Group A, the patients of Group B showed the higher T stage and the larger volume of primary tumor before induced immunochemotherapy, and also had the less regression of tumor volume after induced immunochemotherapy (all P<0.05). The optimal cutoff value of pre-treatment tumor volume for predicting ORR was 39 cm3. The T stage (OR=12.71, 95%CI: 1.4-112.5, P=0.022) and the volume (OR=7.1, 95%CI: 1.4-36.8, P=0.018) of primary tumor were the two main factors affecting ORR rate of induction chemoimmunotherapy. Conclusion: The induction chemoimmunotherapy with camrelizumab plus TPF shows an encouraging antitumor efficacy in LA HSCC.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Femenino , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Cisplatino/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patología , Capecitabina/uso terapéutico , Estudios Prospectivos , Fluorouracilo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Taxoides/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeza y Cuello , Quimioterapia de Inducción
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299742, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635652

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Japan, preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection is the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, the risk of recurrence after surgical resection remains high. Although a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of nivolumab, a fully human monoclonal anti-programmed death 1 antibody, as postoperative adjuvant therapy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery established its superior efficacy as adjuvant therapy, the efficacy for patients who received preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy has not been demonstrated. This study aims to elucidate the efficacy and safety of nivolumab as postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. METHODS: This study is a multi-institutional, single-arm, Phase II trial. We plan to recruit 130 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients, who have undergone preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. If the patient did not have a pathological complete response, nivolumab is started as a postoperative adjuvant therapy within 4-16 weeks after surgery. The nivolumab dose is 480 mg/day every four weeks. Nivolumab is administered for up to 12 months. The primary endpoint is disease-free survival; the secondary endpoints are overall survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and incidence of adverse events. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge this study is the first trial establishing the efficacy of nivolumab as postoperative adjuvant therapy for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil followed by surgical resection. In Japan, preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery is a well-established standard treatment for resectable, locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, developing an effective postoperative adjuvant therapy has been essential for improving oncological outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago , Humanos , Cisplatino/efectos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirugía , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago/etiología , Nivolumab/uso terapéutico , Taxoides/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Fase II como Asunto
3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116375, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460372

RESUMEN

Combination chemotherapy is an effective approach for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) therapy, especially when drugs are administered at specific optimal ratios. However, at present, strategies involving precise and controllable ratios based on effective loading and release of drugs are unavailable. Herein, we designed and synthesized a glutathione (GSH)--responsive heterotrimeric prodrug and formulated it with an amphiphilic polymer to obtain nanoparticles (DSSC2 NPs) for precise synergistic chemotherapy of TNBC. The heterotrimeric prodrug was prepared using docetaxel (DTX) and curcumin (CUR) at the optimal synergistic ratio of 1: 2. DTX and CUR were covalently conjugated by disulfide linkers. Compared with control NPs, DSSC2 NPs had quantitative/ratiometric drug loading, high drug co-loading capacity, better colloidal stability, and less premature drug leakage. After systemic administration, DSSC2 NPs selectively accumulated in tumor tissues and released the encapsulated drugs triggered by high levels of GSH in cancer cells. In vitro and in vivo experiments validated that DSSC2 NPs released DTX and CUR at the predefined ratio and had a highly synergistic therapeutic effect on tumor suppression in TNBC, which can be attributed to ratiometric drug delivery and synchronous drug activation. Altogether, the heterotrimeric prodrug delivery system developed in this study represents an effective and novel approach for combination chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Curcumina , Nanopartículas , Profármacos , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/tratamiento farmacológico , Portadores de Fármacos , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/uso terapéutico , Glutatión , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Línea Celular Tumoral
4.
Int J Surg ; 110(4): 2071-2084, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320099

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The addition of immune checkpoint inhibitors to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in operable advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (G/GEJ) cancer aroused wide interest. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant sintilimab, a programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor, in combination with fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel (FLOT) chemotherapy for HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer. METHODS: Eligible patients with clinical stage cT4 and/or cN+M0 G/GEJ cancer were enroled in this phase II study. Patients received neoadjuvant sintilimab (200 mg every 3 weeks) for three cycles plus FLOT (50 mg/m 2 docetaxel, 80 mg/m 2 oxaliplatin, 200 mg/m 2 calcium levofolinate, 2600 mg/m 2 5-fluorouracil every 2 weeks) for four cycles before surgery, followed by four cycles of adjuvant FLOT with same dosages after resection. The primary endpoint was the pathological complete response (pCR) rate. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were enroled between August 2019 and September 2021, with a median follow-up of 34.8 (95% CI, 32.8-42.9) months. Thirty-two (100%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy, and 29 underwent surgery with an R0 resection rate of 93.1%. The pCR (TRG0) was achieved in 5 (17.2%; 95% CI, 5.8-35.8%) patients, and the major pathological response was 55.2%. Twenty-three (79.3%) patients had T downstaging, 21 (72.4%) had N downstaging, and 19 (65.5%) had overall TNM downstaging. Six (20.7%) patients experienced recurrence. Patients achieving pCR showed better event-free survival (EFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) than non-pCR. The estimated 3-year EFS rate, 3-year DFS rate, and 3-year OS rate were 71.4% (95% CI, 57.2-89.2%), 78.8% (95% CI, 65.1-95.5%), and 70.9% (95% CI, 54.8-91.6%), respectively. The objective response rate and disease control rate were 84.4% (95% CI, 68.3-93.1%) and 96.9% (95% CI, 84.3-99.5%), respectively. Twenty-five (86.2%) received adjuvant therapy. The main grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were lymphopenia (34.4%), neutropenia (28.1%), and leukopenia (15.6%). no patients died from TRAE. The LDH level exhibited a better predictive value to pathological responses than PD-L1 and MSI status. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated an encouraging efficacy and manageable safety profile of neoadjuvant sintilimab plus FLOT in HER2-negative locally advanced G/GEJ cancer, which suggested a potential therapeutic option for this population.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Docetaxel , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Unión Esofagogástrica , Fluorouracilo , Leucovorina , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Unión Esofagogástrica/patología , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/administración & dosificación , Anticuerpos Monoclonales Humanizados/efectos adversos , Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patología , Adulto , Leucovorina/administración & dosificación , Leucovorina/efectos adversos , Leucovorina/uso terapéutico , Fluorouracilo/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/administración & dosificación , Docetaxel/efectos adversos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patología , Oxaliplatino/administración & dosificación , Oxaliplatino/efectos adversos , Oxaliplatino/uso terapéutico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
5.
Urologie ; 63(3): 241-253, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418597

RESUMEN

Androgen deprivation in combination with novel hormonal agents, docetaxel, or in combination with abiraterone/prednisone plus docetaxel or darolutamid plus docetaxel represent the standard therapeutic approach in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Patients with low-risk prostate cancer also benefit from additional radiation therapy or radical prostatectomy in terms of progression-free and overall survival. Despite favorable response rates, basically all patients will develop castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) within 2.5 to 4 years. In addition to systemic chemotherapy, second-line hormonal treatment of systemic application of radionuclides such as radium223 or 177Lu-PSMA represent salvage management options. However, nowadays about 50-65% of patients will develop symptoms due to local progression of prostate cancer which is the result of improved oncological outcomes with significantly prolonged survival times due to the new medical treatment options. Management of such symptomatic local progression will become more important in upcoming years so that all uro-oncologists need to be aware of the various surgical management options. Complications of the lower urogenital tract such as recurrent gross hematuria ± bladder clotting and with the necessity for red blood cell transfusions, subvesical obstruction and acute urinary retention, rectourethral or rectovesical fistulas might be managed by palliative surgery such as palliative transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), radical cystectomy, radical cystoprostatectomy with urinary diversion, and pelvic exenteration. Symptomatic or asymptomatic obstruction of the upper urinary tract might be managed by endoluminal or percutaneous urinary diversion, ureteral reimplantation, ileal ureter replacement, or implantation of the Detour® system (Coloplast GmbH, Hamburg, Germany).


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración/tratamiento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Andrógenos/uso terapéutico , Cuidados Paliativos
6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 327: 121668, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171659

RESUMEN

The great structural and functional diversity supports polysaccharides as favorable candidates for new drug development. Previously we reported that a drug candidate pectin-like natural polysaccharide, RN1 might target galectin-3 (Gal-3) to impede pancreatic cancer cell growth in vivo. However, the quality control of polysaccharide-based drug research faces great challenges due to the heterogeneity. A potential solution is to synthesize structurally identified subfragments of this polysaccharide as alternatives. In this work, we took RN1 as an example, and synthesized five subfragments derived from the putative repeating units of RN1. Among them, pentasaccharide 4 showed an approximative binding affinity to Gal-3 in vitro, as well as an antiproliferative activity against pancreatic BxPC-3 cells comparable to that of RN1. Further, we scaled up pentasaccharide 4 to gram-scale in an efficient synthetic route with a 6.9 % yield from D-galactose. Importantly, pentasaccharide 4 significantly suppressed the growth of pancreatic tumor in vivo. Based on the mechanism complementarity of galactin-3 inhibitor and docetaxel, the combination administration of pentasaccharide 4 and docetaxel afforded better result. The result suggested pentasaccharide 4 was one of the functional structural domains of polysaccharide RN1 and might be a leading compound for anti-pancreatic cancer new drug development.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Pectinas/química , Docetaxel , Polisacáridos/farmacología , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Oligosacáridos , Galectina 3/metabolismo
7.
Gastric Cancer ; 27(1): 110-117, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37889360

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) patients with DNA mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency (D-MMR) is controversial due to concerns about its potential detrimental effect. The PRODIGY trial showed the survival benefit of adding preoperative docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and S-1 (DOS) to surgery plus postoperative S-1 for LAGC patients. In this sub-analysis, we evaluated the benefit of preoperative DOS according to MMR status. METHODS: Among patients enrolled in the PRODIGY trial treated with either preoperative DOS followed by surgery and postoperative S-1 (CSC arm), or surgery and postoperative S-1 (SC arm) at Asan Medical Center (n = 249), those in the full analysis set with available tissue to assess MMR status were included in the present analysis. RESULTS: A total of 231 patients (CSC arm, n = 108; SC arm, n = 123) were included (median age, 58 years [range, 27-75]), and 21 patients (CSC arm, n = 8 [7.4%]; SC arm, n = 13 [10.6%]) had D-MMR tumors. Progression-free survival and overall survival tended to be superior in the CSC arm than in the SC arm among D-MMR patients (HR 0.48 [95% CI 0.09-2.50]; log-rank P = 0.37 and HR 0.55 [95% CI 0.11-2.86]; log-rank P = 0.46, respectively), as well as among proficient MMR (P-MMR) patients (HR 0.68 [95% CI 0.46-1.03]; log-rank P = 0.07 and HR 0.75 [95% CI 0.49-1.14]; log-rank P = 0.17, respectively). CONCLUSION: Preoperative DOS followed by surgery and postoperative S-1 may be considered a treatment option for LAGC patients regardless of MMR status.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Docetaxel , Oxaliplatino , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirugía , Fluorouracilo , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , ADN/uso terapéutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Reparación de la Incompatibilidad de ADN
8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 18940, 2023 11 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37919464

RESUMEN

Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide is the most widely used complementary therapy in cancer. The present study aims to investigate the possible interaction between Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide and Docetaxel (a chemotherapy drug) and the first-line medication for prostate cancer treatment (Flutamide) and sensitizing the cells to these treatments. The cytotoxic effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide in combination with Docetaxel and Flutamide on prostate cancer cells were investigated by the MTT test, Hoechst staining, and flow cytometry. In addition, the expression of genes related to apoptosis, angiogenesis, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition pathway (EMT), and prostate cancer biomarkers by Real-Time PCR was investigated. The results demonstrated that IC50 values for Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (30 µM and 20 µM), Docetaxel (10 µM and 5 µM), and Flutamide (20 µM and 12 µM) with MTT were confirmed by flow cytometry in a dose and time-dependent manner. Regarding the high efficacy of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide in combination with Flutamide and Docetaxel, 10 µM and 5 µM Flutamide were used instead of 20 µM and 12 µM and 5 µM and 2 µM Docetaxel was used instead of 10 µM and 5 µM in PC3 and LNCap, respectively. Moreover, for the first time, it was shown that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide alone and in combination with Docetaxel and Flutamide significantly augmented apoptosis, reduced cell migration and colonization, and downregulated expression of KLK2 and EMT pathway genes in both PC3 and LNCap cell line (P < 0.01). Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide synergistically increased the effect of Docetaxel and Flutamide and increased the sensitivity of the prostate cancer cell lines to these drugs. Therefore, it may provide a new therapeutic strategy against prostate cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata , Reishi , Masculino , Humanos , Docetaxel/farmacología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Próstata/metabolismo , Flutamida/farmacología , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Próstata/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Polisacáridos/farmacología , Polisacáridos/uso terapéutico
9.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 7: e2300061, 2023 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37851942

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore medications and their administration patterns in real-world patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using TriNetX, a federated network of deidentified, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant data from 21 health care organizations across North America. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer between January 1, 2013, and May 31, 2022, were included. We investigated a rule-based and unsupervised learning algorithm to extract medications and their administration patterns. To group similar administration patterns, we used three features in k-means clustering: total number of administrations, median number of days between administrations, and standard deviation of the days between administrations. We explored the first three lines of therapy for patients classified into six groups on the basis of their stage at diagnosis (early as stages I-III v late as stage IV) and the sensitivity of the tumor's receptors to targeted therapies: hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (HR+/ERBB2-), ERBB2-positive (ERBB2+/HR±), or triple-negative (TN; HR-/ERBB2-). To add credence to the derived regimens, we compared them to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN): Breast Cancer (version 2.2023) recommendations. RESULTS: In early-stage HR+/ERBB2- and TN groups, the most common regimens were (1) cyclophosphamide and docetaxel, administered once every 3 weeks for three to six cycles and (2) cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin, administered once every 2 weeks for four cycles, followed by paclitaxel administered once every week for 12 cycles. In the early-stage ERBB2+/HR± group, most patients were administered carboplatin and docetaxel with or without pertuzumab and with trastuzumab (for six or more cycles). Medications most commonly administered in our data set (7,798 patients) agreed with recommendations from the NCCN in terms of medications (regimens), number of administrations (cycles), and days between administrations (cycle length). CONCLUSION: Although there is a general agreement with the NCCN Guidelines, real-world medication data exhibit variability in the medications and their administration patterns.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/etiología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Ciclofosfamida
10.
Nutrients ; 15(19)2023 Sep 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37836400

RESUMEN

We previously reported that L-glutamine reduces the severity of mucositis caused by chemoradiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. However, the impact of glutamine on the anti-tumor effect of chemoradiotherapy remains controversial. This study, which included 40 patients, investigated whether L-glutamine influences survival. Radiation therapy (total: 66 or 70 Gy), cisplatin, and docetaxel were co-administered for a period of 6 weeks. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either glutamine (glutamine group, n = 20) or placebo (placebo group, n = 20) during the entire course of chemoradiotherapy. We compared the overall survival and progression-free survival rates between the two groups. At 5-year follow-up, 16 (80%) and 13 (72%) patients in the glutamine and placebo groups, respectively, survived (with no significant difference in overall survival [glutamine group: 55.2 ± 12.7 months vs. placebo group: 48.3 ± 21.3 months]). A total of 14 (70%) and 12 (67%) patients in the glutamine and placebo groups, respectively, did not experience disease progression (with no significant difference in progression-free survival [glutamine group: 46.7 ± 19.5 months vs. placebo group: 43.6 ± 25.2 months]). These findings indicate that L-glutamine does not influence the survival of patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer receiving chemoradiotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Glutamina , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Humanos , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/tratamiento farmacológico , Cisplatino , Quimioradioterapia/efectos adversos , Docetaxel , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos
11.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 192: 196-205, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37858804

RESUMEN

Docetaxel (DTX) chemotherapy is commonly used in the treatment of patients with advanced prostate cancer demonstrating modest improvements in survival. As these patients are often elderly and the chemotherapy treatment is not targeted, it is often poorly tolerated. More targeted approaches that increase therapeutic efficacy yet reduce the amount of toxic chemotherapy administered are needed. In this manuscript, we investigate the potential of ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) to deliver a combination of docetaxel chemotherapy and Rose Bengal mediated sonodynamic therapy (SDT) in pre-clinical prostate cancer models. A Rose Bengal modified phospholipid was synthesized and used as a component lipid to prepare a microbubble (MB) formulation that was also loaded with DTX. The DTX-MB-RB formulation was used in the UTMD mediated treatment of androgen sensitive and androgen resistant 3D spheroid and murine models of prostate cancer. Results from the 3D spheroid experiments showed UTMD mediated DTX-MB-RB chemo-sonodynamic therapy to be significantly more effective at reducing cell viability than UTMD mediated DTX or SDT treatment alone. In an androgen sensitive murine model of prostate cancer, UTMD mediated DTX-MB-RB chemo-sonodynamic therapy was as effective as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) at controlling tumour growth. However, when both treatments were combined, a significant improvement in tumour growth delay was observed. In an androgen resistant murine model, UTMD mediated DTX-MB-RB chemo-sonodynamic therapy was significantly more effective than standard DTX monotherapy. Indeed, the DTX dose administered using the DTX-MB-RB formulation was 91% less than standard DTX monotherapy. As a result, UTMD mediated DTX-MB-RB treatment was well tolerated while animals treated with DTX monotherapy displayed significant weight loss which was attributed to acute toxic effects. These results highlight the potential of UTMD mediated DTX-MB-RB chemo-sonodynamic therapy as a targeted, well tolerated alternative treatment for advanced prostate cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata , Rosa Bengala , Humanos , Masculino , Animales , Ratones , Anciano , Docetaxel , Microburbujas , Antagonistas de Andrógenos , Andrógenos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico
12.
Future Oncol ; 19(32): 2147-2155, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37882373

RESUMEN

Macroscopic type 4 and large type 3 gastric cancer, mostly overlapping with scirrhous or linitis plastica type, exhibit a highly invasive nature and show unfavorable prognosis after curative surgery, even with adjuvant chemotherapy. A randomized phase III trial (JCOG0501) failed to demonstrate a survival advantage of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin for this population. The current authors initiated a randomized phase II study comparing neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil/oxaliplatin/docetaxel versus docetaxel/oxaliplatin/S-1 for type 4 and large type 3 gastric cancer. 76 patients are planned to be enrolled over two years. The primary end point is the proportion of patients with a pathological response (grade 1b or higher) and secondary end points include overall survival and adverse events. Clinical Trial Registration: jRCTs031230231 (rctportal.niph.go.jp).


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Oxaliplatino/efectos adversos , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Ensayos Clínicos Fase III como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Ensayos Clínicos Fase II como Asunto
13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 23(1): 286, 2023 Aug 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37596515

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Malignant esophageal stenosis is a common and severe complication of advanced esophageal cancer that can be a serious problem in the continuation of chemotherapy and other anticancer treatments. The impact of chemotherapy regimens on the degree of improvement in esophageal stenosis is unknown. In this study, we focused on the impacts of chemotherapy on the direct anticancer effects, and in the improvement of malignant stenosis. METHODS: Patients who underwent radical esophagectomy after chemotherapy, either adjuvant 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (FP) or docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) regimen, were included. We assessed the length of the cancerous stenosis, the width of the narrowest segment, and the size of the intraluminal area in the stenotic segment by fluoroscopy, and compared the differences before and after chemotherapy. In addition, we evaluated the dysphagia score (Mellow-Pinkas scoring system) as the evaluation of patients' symptoms. The antitumor effects of chemotherapy were also investigated. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients were enrolled: 50 were treated with FP, and 31 were treated with DCF. The expansion rate in the length of the narrowest part was significantly increased in the DCF group compared with the FP group. Furthermore, the stenosis index (intraluminal stenotic area/stenotic length) was significantly increased in the DCF group compared with the FP group (112% vs 96%, P = 0.038). Dysphagia score after chemotherapy significantly improved in the DCF group compared to the FP group (P = 0.007). The response rates were 60% in the FP group and 67.7% in the DCF group. Effective histopathological response (improvement to grade 2 or 3) was 24% in the FP group and 38.8% in the DCF group. CONCLUSION: DCF therapy is more effective than FP treatment in the improvement of malignant esophageal stenosis.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Deglución , Estenosis Esofágica , Humanos , Estenosis Esofágica/etiología , Cisplatino/uso terapéutico , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Constricción Patológica/etiología , Trastornos de Deglución/etiología , Fluorouracilo/uso terapéutico
14.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 23(9): 959-975, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37565281

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeted radioligand therapy (PRLT) for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients has generated significant interest among the oncologic community, with several publications documenting good response rates and survival benefits with low toxicity profiles. AREAS COVERED: Indications, patient preparation, dose administration, post-treatment imaging, dosimetry, and side effect profiles of 177Lu-PSMA-617 are discussed in this article. We also discuss results from prospective studies, major retrospective studies, meta-analyses, clinical trials, and mentioned major ongoing clinical trials on PRLT. We have also portrayed our own experiences and future perspectives on PRLT. EXPERT OPINION: For PRLT, PSMA-617 and PSMA-I&T molecules have revolutionized the theranostic approach in the management of advanced prostate cancer, with solid backing from several published articles showing favorable outcomes and an excellent safety profile of 177Lu-PSMA-617. Improvement in quality of life and survival was seen in the majority of mCRPC patients after 177Lu-PSMA-617 PRLT. Patients with good performance status, asymptomatic, only lymph node metastases, high PSMA expressing lesions, and no discordant FDG avid lesions have a longer survival after 177Lu-PSMA-617 PRLT than patients with poor performance status, symptomatic, hepatic, brain, and skeletal metastases, discordant PSMA, and FDG-avid lesions. Docetaxel and cabazitaxel are approved treatments for mCRPC patients. 177Lu-PSMA-617 is approved as a third-line systemic treatment for mCRPC patients with failure to respond to androgen receptor pathway inhibitors and docetaxel therapy. PRLT is a safe and effective alternative to cabazitaxel (third-line systemic treatment), but it has a higher cost. 177Lu-PSMA-617 could be a more efficient therapeutic option for mCRPC patients as first-line or combined therapy, and it may be a useful therapeutic option for the treatment of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) patients. Several clinical studies and clinical trials on PRLT are currently underway. In the future, the results of these trials will be helpful in evolving treatment strategies for prostate cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración , Masculino , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Próstata Resistentes a la Castración/radioterapia , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18/uso terapéutico , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Prospectivos , Docetaxel , Estudios Retrospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Radiofármacos/efectos adversos
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 31(9): 540, 2023 Aug 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37642751

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Although the therapy-related bone loss attracts increasing attention nowadays, the differences in chemotherapy-induced bone loss and bone metabolism indexes change among breast cancer (BC) women with different menstrual statuses or chemotherapy regimens are unknown. The aim of the study is to explore the effects of different regimens of chemotherapy on bone health. METHOD: The self-control study enrolled 118 initially diagnosed BC women without distant metastasis who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) screening and (or) bone metabolism index monitoring during chemotherapy at Chongqing Breast Cancer Center. Mann-Whitney U test, Cochran's Q test, and Wilcoxon sign rank test were performed. RESULTS: After chemotherapy, the BMD in the lumbar 1-4 and whole lumbar statistically decreased (- 1.8%/per 6 months), leading to a significantly increased proportion of osteoporosis (27.1% vs. 20.5%, P < 0.05), which were mainly seen in the premenopausal group (- 7.0%/per 6 months). Of the chemotherapeutic regimens of EC (epirubicin + cyclophosphamide), TC (docetaxel + cyclophosphamide), TEC (docetaxel + epirubicin + cyclophosphamide), and EC-T(H) [epirubicin + cyclophosphamide-docetaxel and/or trastuzumab], EC regimen had the least adverse impact on BMD, while the EC-TH regimen reduced BMD most (P < 0.05) inspite of the non-statistical difference between EC-T regimen, which was mainly seen in the postmenopausal group. Chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (estradiol 94 pg/ml vs, 22 pg/ml; FSH 9.33 mIU/ml vs. 61.27 mIU/ml) was proved in premenopausal subgroup (P < 0.001). Except the postmenopausal population with calcium/VitD supplement, the albumin-adjusted calcium increased significantly (2.21 mmol/l vs. 2.33 mmol/l, P < 0.05) after chemotherapy. In postmenopausal group with calcium/VitD supplement, ß-CTX decreased significantly (0.56 ng/ml vs. 0.39 ng/ml, P < 0.05) and BMD were not affected by chemotherapy (P > 0. 05). In premenopausal group with calcium/VitD supplement, PTH decreased significantly (52.90 pg/ml vs. 28.80 pg/ml, P = 0. 008) and hip BMD increased after chemotherapy (0.845 g/m2 vs. 0.952 g/m2, P = 0. 006). As for both postmenopausal and premenopausal group without calcium/VitD supplement, there was a significant decrease in bone mass in hip and lumbar vertebrae after chemotherapy (0.831 g/m2 vs. 0.776 g/m2; 0.895 g/m2 vs. 0.870 g/m2, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy might induce lumbar vertebrae BMD loss and spine osteoporosis with regimen differences among Chinese BC patients. Calcium/VitD supplementation could improve bone turnover markers, bone metabolism indicators, and bone mineral density. Early interventions on bone health are needed for BC patients during chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias de la Mama , Osteoporosis , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Densidad Ósea , Docetaxel/efectos adversos , Epirrubicina/efectos adversos , Calcio , Pueblos del Este de Asia , Ciclofosfamida/efectos adversos , Vitamina D , Vitaminas , Osteoporosis/inducido químicamente , Osteoporosis/epidemiología , Osteoporosis/prevención & control , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos
16.
Anticancer Res ; 43(8): 3429-3439, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37500171

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/AIM: Hyperthermia (HT), combined with chemotherapy, has been used to treat various types of cancer. This study aimed to investigate the HT-sensitivity of malignant and non-malignant cells, and then evaluate the combination effect of docetaxel (DTX) and a newly synthesized chromone derivative (compound A) with HT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The number of viable cells was determined using the MTT method. Cell cycle distribution was analyzed using a cell sorter, and DNA fragmentation pattern was detected using agarose gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: Among 12 cultured cells, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), especially Ca9-22 cells, and myelogenous leukemia cells showed higher sensitivity to HT than lung carcinoma and glioblastoma cell lines, while normal oral cells were the most resistant. Cytotoxicity of DTX on Ca9-22 cells was maximum at 41-42°C and 45~60 min exposure to HT. DXT, compound A, and HT induced G2/M arrest of Ca-22 cells. Mild HT enhanced the DTX- and compound A-induced subG1 arrest, in a synergistic fashion. CONCLUSION: The combination G2/M blockers and mild-HT can potentially be used for the treatment of OSCC.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Hipertermia Inducida , Neoplasias de la Boca , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamiento farmacológico , Línea Celular Tumoral , Apoptosis , Neoplasias de la Boca/tratamiento farmacológico , Docetaxel/farmacología , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 201(2): 193-204, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37365483

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To determine whether six cycles of FEC3-D3 has a comparable efficacy to eight of AC4-D4. METHODS: The enrolled patients (pts) were clinically diagnosed with stage II or III breast cancer. The primary endpoint was a pathologic complete response (pCR), and the secondary endpoints were 3 year disease-free survival (3Y DFS), toxicities, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We calculated that 252 pts were needed in each treatment group to enable the detection of non-inferiority (non-inferiority margin of 10%). RESULTS: In terms of ITT analysis, 248 pts were finally enrolled. The 218 pts who completed the surgery were included in the current analysis. The baseline characteristics of these subjects were well balanced between the two arms. By ITT analysis, pCR was achieved in 15/121 (12.4%) pts in the FEC3-D3 arm and 18/126 (14.3%) in the AC4-D4 arm. With a median follow up of 64.1 months, the 3Y DFS was comparable between the two arms (75.8% in FEC3-D3 vs. 75.6% in AC4-D4). The most common adverse event (AE) was Grade 3/4 neutropenia, which arose in 27/126 (21.4%) AC4-D4 arm pts vs 23/121 (19.0%) FEC3-D3 arm cases. The primary HRQoL domains were similar between the two groups (FACT-B scores at baseline, P = 0.35; at the midpoint of NACT, P = 0.20; at the completion of NACT, P = 0.44). CONCLUSION: Six cycles of FEC3-D3 could be an alternative to eight of AC4-D4. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02001506. Registered December 5,2013. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02001506.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Femenino , Humanos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Ciclofosfamida/efectos adversos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Doxorrubicina/efectos adversos , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 29(6): 128-133, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37318886

RESUMEN

Objective: We aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of atezolizumab and docetaxel in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via meta-analysis and systematic review. Methods: Publications were searched from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing Vipers Chinese Science and Technology Journal database (VIP), Wanfang database, PubMed database, Embase database, Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of atezolizumab and docetaxel in the treatment of patients with NSCLC were collected. The retrieval period was from the establishment of the database to November 2021 and updated on 22 April 2023. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the included studies were screened and quality evaluated. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4.3 (Cochrane Training, Summertown, Oxford UK) software. Results: A total of 6 RCTs were included in our analysis, including 6348 patients with NSCLC. Our results showed that the atezolizumab group had significantly longer overall survival (OS) than the docetaxel group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.73-0.81); P < .00001). In terms of progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR), the atezolizumab group was not significantly superior to the docetaxel group (HR = 0.96; 95% CI, 0.90-1.02; P = .20), (relative ratio [RR] = 1.10, 95% CI, 0.95-1.26; P = .20). In terms of treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs), after treatment, the number of patients with TRAEs in the atezolizumab group was significantly lower than in the docetaxel group (RR = 0.65; 95% CI, 0.54-0.79; P < .00001). Conclusion: Compared with docetaxel, atezolizumab can significantly prolong OS in patients with NSCLC and reduce the occurrence of TRAEs, but there is no advantage in PFS or ORR remission rate. Due to some limitations in case numbers and quality of included studies, multicenter, large sample, high-quality RCTs are still needed for further validation.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Docetaxel/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
19.
J Nat Med ; 77(4): 817-828, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37354258

RESUMEN

Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent lethal diseases among men globally. In the treatment of prostate cancer, the limited therapeutic efficacy of the standard non-hormonal systemic therapy docetaxel (DTX) represents an important challenge. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play a crucial role in resistance to therapy because of their prevalence and functional pleiotropy in tumor environments. Our previous research revealed that MPSSS, a novel polysaccharide extracted from Lentinus edodes, could significantly attenuate the immunosuppressive function of myeloid suppressor cells and CAFs. In this study, we investigated whether MPSSS could potentiate the efficacy of DTX against prostate cancer by inhibiting CAF-induced chemoresistance and elucidated its underlying mechanisms. The sensitivity of PC-3 prostate cancer cells cultured with conditioned medium derived from CAFs (CAF-CM) to DTX was assessed. The resistance effect induced by CAF-CM was abolished when CAFs were pretreated with MPSSS. Bioinformatic analysis of datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus database revealed the activation of the transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) signaling pathway in DTX-resistant cells. Based on this finding, we demonstrated that treatment with the TGF-ß1 receptor inhibitor SB525334 reversed DTX resistance in CAFs, suggesting that TGF-ß1 secreted by CAFs was a crucial intermediary in the development of DTX resistance in PC3 cells. Further research revealed that MPSSS decreases the secretion of TGF-ß1 by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway via Toll-like receptor 4 in CAFs. Overall, MPSSS might be a potential adjuvant treatment for DTX resistance in prostate cancer.


Asunto(s)
Fibroblastos Asociados al Cáncer , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Hongos Shiitake , Masculino , Humanos , Fibroblastos Asociados al Cáncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Asociados al Cáncer/patología , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Docetaxel/farmacología , Docetaxel/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Fibroblastos , Línea Celular Tumoral , Polisacáridos/farmacología , Polisacáridos/metabolismo
20.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 19(2): 253-258, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37006064

RESUMEN

Objective: The median survival time for metastatic gastric cancer that has a poor prognosis is usually shorter than 1 year. The fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel (FLOT) regimen is observed to be effective in the neo-adjuvant treatment of gastric cancer. However, data on the FLOT regimen in metastatic gastric cancer are limited. The current study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the FLOT regimen in metastatic gastric cancer in real life. Study Design: Retrospective study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was performed in an Institute of Oncology of a university and included the patients diagnosed between January 2015 and December 2020. Methodology: In addition to the clinicopathological data of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-negative metastatic gastric cancer, we retrospectively evaluated the survival and treatment-related toxicities. The FLOT regimen (Fluorouracil 2600 mg/m2 24 hours continuous intravenous infusion, leucovorin 200 mg/m2, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2, and docetaxel 50 mg/m2 on day 1) every 2 weeks was used in all patients. Results: The study included 94 patients who were followed up for a median of 11.1 (min-max: 1.5-65.8) months. The number of male patients was 60 (63.4%), and the median age was 58 (min-max: 27-78) years. The primary tumor was located in the stomach (72.3%) and gastroesophageal junction (27.7%). The objective response rate was observed in 64.8% of the patients. The median overall survival was 13.5 (95% CI: 9.2-17.8) months, whereas the progression-free survival was 7 (95% CI: 5.7-8.3) months. The 1-year survival rate was 53.6%. Complete response was detected in 7.4% of the patients. Among grade 3-4 toxicities, neutropenia (44.6%), leukopenia (27.6%), neuropathy (12.7%), and fatigue (9.5%) were the most common observed toxicities. Conclusion: FLOT is a highly active option in the first-line treatment of metastatic gastric cancer, with a favorable safety profile.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Gástricas/patología , Docetaxel , Leucovorina , Oxaliplatino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fluorouracilo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos
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