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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 534-551, jul. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538057

RESUMEN

The cultural significance of the flora used by the native Asheninka Sheremashe community in Ucayali, Peru was determined. To do this, a fieldwork of over 4 months was conducted, involving semi-structured interviews with 106 residents through non-probabilistic convenience sampling. The community utilizes 139 plant species in their daily lives, belonging to 120 genera and 52 families, with the most abundant being Fabaceae, Arecaceae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Poaceae, and Rutaceae. Furthermore, 25.9% of the species are of significant importance to theinhabitants according to the Cultural Index (CI), such as Manihot esculenta, Theobroma cacao, Bixa orellana, Musa paradisiaca, Ficus insipida, among others. It can be concluded that the flora plays a prominent role in the life of the community, with the categories reporting the highest number of species being: food (29.35%), medicine (28.36%), culture (9.95%), construction (9.45%), lumber (6.97%), commerce (3.48%), craftsmanship (2.49%), toxic (2.49%), and other uses (7.46%)


Se determinó la importancia cultural de la flora empleada por la comunidad nativa Asheninka Sheremashe, en Ucayali, Perú. Para ello, se realizó un trabajo de campo de más de 4 meses, donde se aplicaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a 106 habitantes mediante un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. La comunidad emplea 139 especies vegetales en su día a día, pertenecientes a 120 géneros y 52 familias; siendo las más abundantes las Fabaceae, Arecaceae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Poaceae y Rutaceae. Además, el 25.9% de las especies tiene gran importancia para los pobladores según el Índice Cultural (IC): Manihot esculenta, Theobroma cacao, Bixa orellana, Musa paradisiaca, Ficus insipida, entre otras. Se concluye que la flora tiene un rol preponderante en la vida de la comunidad, siendo las categorías que presentaron mayor reporte de especies: alimentación (29.35%), medicina (28.36%), cultura (9.95%), construcción (9.45%), aserrío (6.97%), comercio (3.48%), artesanía (2.49%), tóxico (2.49%) y otros usos (7.46%)


Asunto(s)
Etnobotánica , Medicina Tradicional , Perú , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Flora , Medicina de Hierbas
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 645-683, jul. 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538073

RESUMEN

Information on the knowledge and ways of using food and medicinal plants by traditional populations, family farmers and Brazilian native population in the Amazon is essential to guarantee the food sovereignty of these groups. This study was conducted using semi-structured interviews applied to local respondents. A total of 269 species of both non-conventional food plants and medicinal plants were identified, distributed in 83 botanical families and 198 genera. The Arecaceae and Lamiaceae families had the highest species richness (11 and 7, respectively). The Shannon-Wiener (H') and Pielou (J') diversity indices were considered high (5.02 and 0.9, respectively) when compared to other ethnobotanical works. In the environment in which these families are found, these species become the only food and medicinal resources available.


La información sobre los saberes y formas de uso de las plantas alimenticias y medicinales por parte de las poblaciones tradicionales, agricultores familiares e indígenas brasileños en la Amazonía es fundamental para garantizar la soberanía alimentaria de estos grupos. Este estudio se realizó utilizando entrevistas semiestructuradas aplicadas a encuestados locales. Se identificaron un total de 269 especies tanto de plantas alimenticiasno convencionales como de plantas medicinales, distribuidas en 83 familias botánicas y 198 géneros. Las familias Arecaceae y Lamiaceae tuvieron la mayor riqueza de especies (11 y 7, respectivamente). Los índices de diversidad de Shannon-Wiener (H') y Pielou (J') fueron considerados altos (5,02 y 0,9, respectivamente) en comparación con otros trabajos etnobotánicos. En el ambiente en que se encuentran estas familias, estas especies se convierten en los únicos recursos alimenticios y medicinales disponibles.


Asunto(s)
Plantas Comestibles , Plantas Medicinales , Etnobotánica , Brasil , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
Appetite ; 198: 107356, 2024 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38636668

RESUMEN

Caregiver feeding practices during the complementary feeding period (6 months-2 years) may be particularly important for infants with Down syndrome (DS) as they are at higher risk for later health conditions (e.g., obesity, diabetes) that can be influenced by early feeding practices. However, how well caregivers of infants with DS are meeting infant feeding evidence-based practices is relatively unknown. Caregivers of infants with DS (N = 75) and caregivers of typically developing (TD) infants (N = 66) aged 0-2 years completed an online survey about their infant feeding practices and information sources. Caregiver practices and information sources were statistically compared between groups. Results indicated that there are significant differences in the feeding practices of caregivers of infants with DS when compared to caregivers of TD infants. Caregivers of infants with DS were less likely to meet infant feeding evidence-based practices than caregivers of TD infants. Caregivers of infants with DS were also more concerned about their infant's food intake and later weight status. Some individual feeding practices also significantly differed between groups, with caregivers of infants with DS more likely to meet evidence-based practices of purchasing iron rich foods and avoiding added salt, but less likely to use responsive feeding practices than caregivers of TD infants. Caregivers of infants with DS were also less likely to receive information about how to navigate the complementary feeding period than caregivers of TD infants. Coupled with existing research, the results of the present study suggest that infant feeding evidence-based practices should be reviewed for their appropriateness for this population and additional support for caregivers of infants with DS should be implemented to help them navigate this important period.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Síndrome de Down , Conducta Alimentaria , Fenómenos Fisiológicos Nutricionales del Lactante , Humanos , Lactante , Cuidadores/psicología , Masculino , Femenino , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Adulto , Preescolar , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Desarrollo Infantil , Recién Nacido , Alimentos Infantiles
4.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298813, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630682

RESUMEN

As place-based conservation organizations, zoos are in a central position to support individuals in making small changes in their lives that will support the protection of wildlife and their habitats. This paper describes the secondary analysis of data collected from multi-phase front-end, exploratory evaluation that informed the development of a conservation action campaign in association with a non-profit, urban zoo. In phase one, internal organization staff were invited to attend workshops during which they brainstormed potential conservation actions that they felt were important for the zoo to promote. They identified and ranked 164 unique actions. In phase two, the ranking was used to narrow down the 164 actions to 20 actions which were used to develop a survey administered to visitors who opted in to receiving online surveys from the zoo. The survey asked participants to state their interest in each of the 20 conservation actions. The Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change informed the analysis of responses. Through this approach we identified actions that people were already doing, interested in doing, and not interested in doing. The responses from this survey were used to narrow down the list further to 10 actions used in a survey in phase three. This second survey administered to zoo visitors on grounds asked participants which of the 10 actions they would be most interested in doing, and the perceived barriers and benefits of doing them. This process allowed us to use evidence-based decision making to choose which conservation actions would resonate most with the community for our conservation action campaign. We also were able to identify values visitors held that might influence environmentally friendly behaviors. Visitors who responded to this survey tended to respond in ways that aligned with self-transcendent values. The research suggests that the campaign should focus on habitat restoration and remediation and purchasing wildlife friendly coffee and other products.


Asunto(s)
Animales de Zoológico , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Animales , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Animales Salvajes , Café
5.
Midwifery ; 132: 103987, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599130

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Evidence shows that music can promote the wellbeing of women and infants in the perinatal period. Ireland's National Maternity Strategy (2016-2026) suggests a holistic approach to woman's healthcare needs and music interventions are ideally placed as a non-pharmacological and cost-effective intervention to improve the quality of care offered to women and infants. This cross-sectional survey aimed to explore the healthcare practitioners' personal and professional experiences of using music therapeutically and its impact and barriers in practice. The survey also investigated practitioners' knowledge and attitudes towards the use of music as a therapeutic tool in perinatal care. METHODS: A novel online survey was developed and distributed through healthcare practitioners' electronic mailing lists, social media, Perinatal Mental Health staff App, and posters at the regional maternity hospital during 26th June and 26th October 2020. Survey items included demographics, personal and professional use of music, and perspectives on music intervention in perinatal care. RESULTS: Forty-six healthcare practitioners from across 11 professions were recruited and 42 were included in this study. 98 % of perinatal practitioners used music intentionally to support their wellbeing and 75 % referred to using music in their work. While 90 % found music beneficial in their practice, 15 % reported some negative effect. Around two-thirds of the respondents were familiar with the evidence on music and perinatal wellbeing and 95 % thought there was not enough guidance. 40 % considered music therapy an evidence-based practice and 81 % saw a role for music therapy in standard maternity service in Ireland. The qualitative feedback on how music was used personally and professionally, its' reported benefits, negative effects, and barriers are discussed. DISCUSSION: This study offers insights into how healthcare practitioners viewed and applied music in perinatal practice. The findings indicate high interest and positive experiences in using music as a therapeutic tool in perinatal care which highlights the need for more evidence and guidance.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Salud , Musicoterapia , Atención Perinatal , Humanos , Irlanda , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Atención Perinatal/métodos , Atención Perinatal/normas , Atención Perinatal/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Musicoterapia/métodos , Musicoterapia/normas , Musicoterapia/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Salud/psicología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Embarazo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Actitud del Personal de Salud
6.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 52(2): 161-170, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642351

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Aim: The purpose of the article is to form the parameters of vitamin D status in young children in the ethnic group of Kazakh nationality with the factor of highlighting the necessary recommendations for the prevention of hypovitaminosis D. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: Methods for the study of the highlighted problem are the diagnosis of young children in the parameter of clinical and anamnestic research, which includes the collection of anamnestic data of children of Kazakh nationality within the framework of the identified data based on a questionnaire of parents, an evaluation component in the child's health factor at the level of his initial state, and laboratory analysis to determine 25(OH)D to identify the content of vitamin D using the method of electrochemiluminescent immunoassay. RESULTS: Results: Analysis of vitamin D levels revealed significant differences among age groups. In the 0-28-day group, average vitamin D was 13.35 ng/ml, with 92.8% deficient. In the 1-6-month group, it was 21.47 ng/ml, with 84% deficient. In the over 6-month group, it was 33.58 ng/ml, with 40% sufficient. Formula-fed children had the lowest levels (average 15.21 ng/ml), while breastfed children had insufficiency (average 23.91 ng/ml). Children with vitamin D supplementation averaged 25.9 ng/ml, compared to 19.01 ng/ml without supplementation. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The results point to a widespread deficiency of vitamin D and offer practical recommendations for its prevention, such as creating a unified system of timely diagnosis, implementing preventive measures in pregnant women and young children, including a balanced diet enriched with vitamin D, staying outdoors in the bright hours of the day.


Asunto(s)
Deficiencia de Vitamina D , Vitaminas , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Preescolar , Vitaminas/uso terapéutico , Vitamina D/uso terapéutico , Lactancia Materna , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1368069, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577280

RESUMEN

Introduction: Lifestyle factors, including inadequate eating patterns, emerge as a critical determinant of chronic disease. Apart from caring for patients, nurses should also take an active role in monitoring and managing their own health. Understanding the intricate relationship between nurses' eating behavior and managing their own health is crucial for fostering a holistic approach to healthcare, therefore our study aimed to evaluate eating behavior and demographic factors influencing chronic disease prevalence in a sample of community nurses from Romania. Methods: Between October-November 2023, 1920 community nurses were invited to answer an online survey, using an advertisement in their professional network. Of them, 788 responded. In the survey, which included a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire with 53 food items, the Intuitive Eating Survey 2 (IES-2), and demographic items were used. Results: A multivariate model was built for the prediction of the association between eating behavior and other factors associated with chronic diseases. The majority of participants were females (95.1%), with the largest age group falling between 40 and 49.9 years (48.2%). Regarding the EFSA criteria for adequate carbohydrate and fat intake, 20.2% of the group have a high intake of carbohydrates, respectively, 43.4% of the group have a high intake of fat. Analysis of chronic diseases indicated that 24.9% of individuals reported at least one diagnosis by a physician. The presence of chronic disease was associated with a low level of perceived health status, with an OR = 3.388, 95%CI (1.684-6.814), compared to those reporting excellent or very good perceived health status. High stress had an OR = 1.483, 95%CI (1.033-2.129). BMI had an OR = 1.069, 95%CI (1.032-1.108), while low carbohydrate diet score had an OR = 0.956, 95%CI (0.920-0.992). Gender and IES-2 did not significantly contribute to the model, but their effect was controlled. Discussion: By unraveling the intricate interplay between nutrition, lifestyle, and health outcomes in this healthcare cohort, our findings contribute valuable insights for the development of targeted interventions and support programs tailored to enhance the well-being of community nurses and, by extension, the patients they support.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Alimentaria , Estilo de Vida , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Rumanía/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enfermedad Crónica
8.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 188: 114635, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582347

RESUMEN

Over 70% of United States military service members (SMs) regularly use dietary supplements (DSs) and about 18% have reported adverse effects (AEs) associated with use. This investigation examined longitudinal changes in AEs reporting among DS users. On two separate occasions 1.3 ± 0.2 years apart (mean ± standard deviation), 5778 SMs completed identical questionnaires on DS use and associated AEs. Among SMs reporting DS use ≥1 time/week, ≥1 AE was reported by 19% and 15% in the baseline and follow-up phases, respectively. The risk of reporting DS use at follow-up was similar among those reporting and not reporting AEs at baseline for most DS categories including prohormones, proteins/amino acids, individual vitamins and minerals, multivitamin/multiminerals, herbals, fish oils, joint health products, and other DSs. An exception was combination products where those reporting AEs at baseline had an increased risk of use at follow-up (risk ratio = 1.13, 95% confidence interval = 1.06-1.09). Those reporting AEs at baseline and continuing DS use in the follow-up were more likely to report AEs at follow-up compared to those not reporting baseline AEs. In conclusion, AEs reported at baseline did not deter many participants from using DSs in the follow-up period, and many SMs reporting AEs at baseline continued reporting them at follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Suplementos Dietéticos , Personal Militar , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Adulto , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Longitudinales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad
9.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 66(3): 137-143, 2024.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650510

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) plays an important role in the treatment of patients with refractory Somatic Symptom Disorder and related disorders with complex problems and/or somatic or psychiatric comorbidity (complex SSD). AIM: To gain insight into the possible role of (experiential) acceptance in improved quality of life during and after treatment. METHOD: Observational longitudinal study in 41 patients with complex SSD treated at Altrecht Psychosomatic Medicine Eikenboom. They completed online questionnaires around the start and completion of treatment and after six months of follow-up. Assessed were experiential acceptance (AAQ-II-NL) and three aspects of quality of life (RAND-36: mental health, physical functioning, general health perception). The associations between changes in acceptance and quality of life were determined. RESULTS: Acceptance increased significantly from treatment initiation to follow-up. Mental health increased significantly between start and end of treatment, and general health perception increased significantly in the follow-up period. Physical functioning did not change. During treatment, an increase in acceptance was significantly associated with improvement in mental health and general health perception; during follow-up, an increase in acceptance was associated with an improvement in mental health. CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrates that an increase in experiential acceptance goes hand in hand with an improvement in mental health and general health perception. These results indicate the potential importance of acceptance-based treatment in patients with complex SSD. Experimental research with more frequent measurements is needed to test a temporal relationship between (first) increased acceptance and (then) improved quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Longitudinales , Trastornos Somatomorfos/terapia , Trastornos Somatomorfos/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Síntomas sin Explicación Médica
10.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 44(2): 83-90, Abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-3

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre talla baja y erro-res de refracción ocular en escolares de Muquiyauyo. Metodología: El tamaño de la población estuvo constituidapor 250 escolares y el tamaño muestral (n) para el nivel deconfianza 99.99% fue de 215 escolares, el estudio fue analí-tico observacional transversal, y la técnica utilizada para la re-colección de datos fue de observación y encuesta medianteuna ficha con datos de medición antropométrica y refracciónocular (medida de vista con autokeratorefractometro). Resultados: De los 215 niños evaluados 158 presentanerrores de refracción ocular, a quienes se les realizó la medidade vista con autokeratorefractometro; presentando 17 niñosmiopía, 9 hipermetropía, 21 astigmatismo, 32 miopía y astig-matismo y 79 hipermetropía y astigmatismo. Con respecto al análisis bivariado de talla baja y miopía, astigmatismo, hiperme tropía se encontraron que los niños que tienen tallabaja se asociaron significativamente con el astigmatismo p = <0.0000965, la razón de prevalencia =2.33 IC (1.44,3.78); es decir, que los que presentan talla baja tienen dosveces más el riesgo de presentar astigmatismo. Los niños que presentaron talla baja se asocian significati-vamente con refracción ocular P=<0.01 razón de prevalencia6.81 IC (2.57,18.1). Conclusión: Los escolares de Muquiyauyo con talla bajatienen 6 veces más riesgo de presentar alteraciones en la re-fracción ocular.(AU)


Objective: To determine the association between shortstature and ocular refractive errors in schoolchildren inMuquiyauyo. Methodology: The population size consisted of 250 scho-olchildren and the sample size(n) for the 99.99% confidencelevel was 215 schoolchildren. The study was a cross-sectionalobservational analytical study, and the technique used fordata collection was observation and survey using an anthro-pometric measurement and ocular refraction data sheet (eyemeasurement with autokeratorefractometer). Results: Of the 215 children evaluated, 158 had ocular re-fractive errors, and their eyesight was measured with an au-tokeratorefractometer; 17 children had myopia, 9 had hypero-pia, 21 had astigmatism, 32 had myopia and astigmatism and79 had hyperopia and astigmatism. With respect to the biva-riate analysis of short stature and myopia, astigmatism andhyperopia, it was found that children with short stature weresignificantly associated with astigmatism p = <0.0000965,prevalence ratio =2.33 CI (1.44, 3.78); that is, those withshort stature have twice the risk of presenting astigmatism. Children with short stature are significantly associated withocular refraction P=<0.01 prevalence ratio 6.81 CI (2.57,18.1). Conclusion: Muquiyauyo school children with short statureare 6 times more likely to have ocular refractive disorders.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Refracción Ocular , Estatura , Prevalencia , Crecimiento , Desarrollo Infantil , Perú , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 44(2): 99-105, Abr. 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-6

RESUMEN

Introduction: Patients with ulcerative colitis are a group of patients who are particularly vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies. Supplementation, prescribed by a physician or clinical dietitian, is therefore important in these patients. Materials and methods: The study was carried out by means of a questionnaire on a group of 106 people diagnosed with colitis and in remission. Results: More than 92% recommended the use of dietary supplements. Vitamin supplements were most common among people with ulcerative colitis (82.7%). The physician as a source of knowledge positively influenced the use of vitamin and mineral supplements (r=0.23, p=0.0213) while dietitians as a source of knowledge showed no significant effect on patients' supplementation choices. Conclusion: In Poland, the physician is the main source of supplementation knowledge than the clinical dietitian. This may be due to the unregulated nature of the dietitian profession in the Polish health care system. . It is therefore necessary to integrate dietitians in Poland into the medical profession, which will allow for better results in the treatment of not only IBD patients.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Nutricionistas , Colitis Ulcerosa , Suplementos Dietéticos , Vitaminas , Minerales en la Dieta , Ciencias de la Nutrición , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Polonia
12.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 98: e202404029, Abr. 2024. ilus, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-18

RESUMEN

Métodos: DDHealth pretende abordar dos aspectos innovadores y oportunos que se ha postulado que contribuyen a las desigualdades socioeconómicas en salud. El primero es la brecha digital socioeconómica, que se refiere a que las capacidades y posibilidades de acceder a la tecnología y usar internet son mayores entre las clases sociales altas en comparación con las bajas. La segunda es la alfabetización sanitaria, que se refiere a la capacidad de los individuos para satisfacer y comprender las complejas demandas de promoción y mantenimiento de la salud en la sociedad moderna. El estudio llevó a cabo más de 2.000 entrevistas entre residentes en España de entre cincuenta y setenta y nueve años de edad entre marzo y abril de 2022, utilizando un enfoque de entrevista telefónica asistida por ordenador (CATI). El cuestionario tiene cuatro módulos diferentes: sociodemográfico; brecha digital; salud; alfabetización sanitaria. Los datos anonimizados están disponibles a través del enlace: https://dataverse.csuc.cat/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.34810/data765.Consideraciones éticas y discusión: La DDHealth permite abordar dimensiones innovadoras acerca de los determinantes sociales de la salud en España. Los datos de la DDHealth están disponibles para investigadores externos con fines científicos previa solicitud de una propuesta de investigación razonable.(AU)


Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in health persist in Spain. The DDHealth project aims to address two timely innovative aspects that have been postulated to contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in health. Methods: DDHealth aims to address two innovative and timely aspects that have been proposed to contribute to socioeconomic health inequalities. The first one is the socioeconomic digital divide, which refers to the greater capabilities and opportunities to access technology and use the internet among higher social classes compared to lower ones. The second aspect is health literacy, which refers to individuals’ capacity to meet and understand the complex demands of health promotion and maintenance in modern society. The study conducted over 2,000 interviews among residents in Spain aged between fifty and seventy-nine years old from March to April 2022, using a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) approach. The questionnaire comprises four different modules: sociodemogra-phic; digital divide; health; health literacy. The anonymized data are available through the following link: https://dataverse.csuc.cat/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.34810/data765ETHICAL Considerations and Discussion: DDHealth enables addressing innovative dimensions concerning the social determi-nants of health in Spain. The data are available to external researchers for scientific purposes upon request of a reasonable research proposal.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Brecha Digital , Acceso a Internet , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Alfabetización en Salud , España , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Salud Pública
13.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 29, 2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654388

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The collection of data on 'infant feeding at hospital discharge' is used to monitor breastfeeding outcomes, health service benchmarking, and research. While some Australian states have clear definitions of this data collection point, there is no operational definition of 'infant feeding at hospital discharge' in the Australian state of New South Wales. Little is known about how midwives interpret the term 'infant feeding at hospital discharge', in particular, the timeframe used to calculate these important indicators. The purpose of this study was to explore midwives' and nurses' practices of reporting 'infant feeding at hospital discharge' in the Australian state of New South Wales. METHODS: An online survey was distributed across public and private maternity hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. The survey asked midwives and nurses their practice of reporting 'infant feeding at discharge' from categories offered by the state Mothers and Babies report of either "full breastfeeding", "any breastfeeding", and "infant formula only". The Qualtrics survey was available from December 2021 to May 2022. RESULTS: There were 319 completed surveys for analysis and all 15 NSW Health Districts were represented. Some participants reported using the timeframe 'since birth' as a reference (39%), however, the majority (54%, n = 173) referenced one of the feeding timeframes within the previous 24 h. Most midwives and nurses (83%, n = 265) recommended 24 h before discharge as the most relevant reference timeframe, and 65% (n = 207) were in favour of recording data on 'exclusive breastfeeding' since birth. CONCLUSION: This study identified multiple practice inconsistencies within New South Wales reporting of 'infant feeding at hospital discharge'. This has ramifications for key health statistics, state reporting, and national benchmarking. While the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative accreditation requires hospitals to demonstrate and continuously monitor at least a 75% exclusive breastfeeding rate on discharge, only 11 New South Wales facilities have achieved this accreditation. We recommend introducing an option to collect 'exclusive breastfeeding' on discharge' which is in line with participant recommendations and the Baby Friendly Hospital accreditation. Other important considerations are the updated World Health Organization indicators such as, "Ever breastfed"; "Early initiation of breastfeeding" (first hour); "Exclusively breastfed for the first two days after birth".


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Alta del Paciente , Humanos , Nueva Gales del Sur , Femenino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Recién Nacido , Adulto , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Partería , Lactante , Masculino , Embarazo
14.
MedEdPORTAL ; 20: 11391, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654890

RESUMEN

Introduction: Many people experience trauma, and its cumulative effects throughout the life span can alter health, development, and well-being. Despite this, few publications focusing on interpersonal trauma include a holistic understanding of the nature and widespread exposure of trauma experiences for patients. We developed an educational resource to teach residents about identifying and intervening with patients who experience trauma across the life span using a trauma-informed care (TIC) perspective. Methods: We created a 4-hour educational session for residents that included didactics, a virtual visit with a domestic violence shelter, a discussion with a person who had experienced trauma, and role-playing. A pretest/posttest retrospective survey assessed resident confidence level in identifying and intervening with patients who may have experienced trauma. We used the Wilcoxon signed rank test to compare pretest and posttest scores and the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare responses by residency type and year. Free-text questions were analyzed for thematic content. Results: During the 2021-2022 academic year, 72 of 90 residents (80%) from four residency programs attended and evaluated the session. More than 90% of respondents reported the session met their educational needs and provided them with new ideas, information, and practical suggestions to use in their clinical endeavors. The results demonstrated significantly increased confidence on most of the metrics measured. Discussion: This session significantly improved residents' confidence in identifying and intervening with patients who have had trauma experiences using a TIC perspective, which may lead them to provide improved patient care to those who have experienced trauma.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Médicos/psicología , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/métodos , Femenino
15.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 87(4): e2023, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656027

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity in patients with noninfectious uveitis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study, assessing 51 patients with noninfectious uveitis, categorized into active (n=22) and inactive (n=29) groups, along with 51 healthy controls. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were measured. The uveitis group also completed a questionnaire regarding sunlight exposure habits and vitamin D supplementation. RESULTS: Patients with inflammation-related uveitis exhibited low serum 25(OH)D levels in 68% of cases. The median 25(OH)D level in patients with active uveitis was 17.8 ng/mL (interquartile range [IQR], 15-21 ng/mL), significantly lower compared to the 31.7 ng/mL (IQR, 25-39 ng/mL) in patients with inactive uveitis (p<0.001) and the 27 ng/mL (IQR, 23-31 ng/mL) in the Control Group (p<0.001). Significantly, nearly all patients with uveitis taking vitamin D supplementation were in the Inactive Group (p<0.005). Moreover, reduced sunlight exposure was associated with active uveitis (p<0.003). Furthermore, patients with 25(OH)D levels below 20 ng/mL had ten times higher odds of developing active uveitis (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a prevalent 25(OH)D deficiency among patients with noninfectious uveitis and suggested a link between low 25(OH)D levels and disease activity. To prevent future episodes of intraocular inflammation, vitamin D supplementation and controlled sunlight exposure could be viable options.


Asunto(s)
Luz Solar , Uveítis , Deficiencia de Vitamina D , Vitamina D , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Vitamina D/sangre , Masculino , Uveítis/sangre , Femenino , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Brasil/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/sangre , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/complicaciones , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Hospitales Universitarios , Adulto Joven , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 432, 2024 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649943

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although game-based applications have been used in disaster medicine education, no serious computer games have been designed specifically for training these nurses in an IEMT setting. To address this need, we developed a serious computer game called the IEMTtraining game. In this game, players assume the roles of IEMT nurses, assess patient injuries in a virtual environment, and provide suitable treatment options. METHODS: The design of this study is a retrospective comparative analysis. The research was conducted with 209 nurses in a hospital. The data collection process of this study was conducted at the 2019-2020 academic year. A retrospective comparative analysis was conducted on the pre-, post-, and final test scores of nurses in the IEMT. Additionally, a survey questionnaire was distributed to trainees to gather insights into teaching methods that were subsequently analyzed. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the overall test scores between the two groups, with the game group demonstrating superior performance compared to the control group (odds ratio = 1.363, p value = 0.010). The survey results indicated that the game group exhibited higher learning motivation scores and lower cognitive load compared with the lecture group. CONCLUSIONS: The IEMT training game developed by the instructor team is a promising and effective method for training nurses in disaster rescue within IEMTs. The game equips the trainees with the necessary skills and knowledge to respond effectively to emergencies. It is easily comprehended, enhances knowledge retention and motivation to learn, and reduces cognitive load.


Asunto(s)
Juegos de Video , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Femenino , Adulto , Desempeño de Papel , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 24(5): 493-498, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602076

RESUMEN

AIM: Although the maintenance and improvement of quality of life (QoL) through holistic care are important in geriatric medical care, care priorities might differ depending on three essential aspects of QoL: the quality of daily living, satisfaction and happiness from birth to death, and human vitality, which are "Seikatsu," "Jinsei," "Seimei" in Japanese, respectively. We aimed to clarify these priorities in terms of medical care and examined how the definitions of QoL affected these priorities' rankings. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years living in Kashiwa City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. The number of participants was 1550 (mean age, 76.1 ± 5.8 years; 699 women [45.1%]). A self-administered questionnaire distributed in advance was used to rank 12 items sought in medical care. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups and sent the corresponding questionnaire, which differed only in the definition of QoL. RESULTS: The top priorities for medical care were "effective treatment of illness," "improvement of physical function," and "maintaining a high level of activity." When QoL was defined as "the quality of daily living, satisfaction and happiness from birth to death, and human vitality," participants were significantly more likely to rank QoL improvement as one of the top three items (adjusted odds ratio, 1.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.05). CONCLUSIONS: As a medical care priority, older adults desire improvement of multidimensional elements of life, including human vitality. Health care providers should consider this when making medical care decisions. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; 24: 493-498.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Felicidad , Vida Independiente , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Japón , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1165, 2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664744

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking during adolescence is a major public health concern with far-reaching health implications. Adolescents who smoke are at an increased risk of developing long-term health problems and are more likely to continue smoking into adulthood. Therefore, it is vital to identify and understand the risk factors that contribute to adolescent smoking - which in turn facilitate the development of targeted prevention and intervention programs. METHODS: Data was drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted between October and December 2021, encompassing adolescents of adolescents aged 14 to 19 residing in Switzerland (n = 2,683). Multiple logistic regression analysis was employed to explore which demographic, household, behavioural and psychographic factors are associated with current smoking status. RESULTS: The regression results showed higher odds of smoking for female respondents (OR 1.39; p-value 0.007); older adolescents (OR 1.30; p-value < 0.001); those living in the French-speaking part of Switzerland (OR 1.39; p-value 0.021), in suburban areas (OR 1.35; p-value 0.023) and with a smoker in the same household (OR 2.41; p-value < 0.001); adolescents consuming alcohol (OR 4.10; p-value < 0.001), cannabis products (OR 6.72; p-value < 0.001) and hookah (OR 5.07; p-value < 0.001) at least once a month; respondents not engaging in sports (OR 1.90; p-value < 0.001) or music (OR 1.42; p-value 0.031) as top five leisure activities and those experiencing high stress levels at home (OR 1.74; p-value < 0.001). Adolescents with high scores in health awareness (OR 0.33; p-value < 0.001), on the relational self-esteem scale (OR 0.78; p-value 0.054) and on the general well-being scale (OR 0.52; p-value 0.022) were less likely to smoke than their counterparts with lower scores. High risk-seeking was associated with higher odds of smoking (OR 2.15; p-value < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the importance of a comprehensive approach at both individual and institutional levels to reduce smoking rates in adolescents. More specifically, a holistic strategy that encompasses adolescents, families, schools and policymakers ranging from strengthening adolescents' self-esteem, smoking cessation support for parents, to increasing engagement in musical and physical activities, and enhancing health awareness in the school curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Fumar , Humanos , Suiza/epidemiología , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto Joven , Fumar/epidemiología , Fumar/psicología , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 160, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622669

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Morocco faces a substantial public health challenge due to diabetes mellitus, affecting 12.4% of adults in 2023. The Moroccan population makes extensive use of phytotherapy and traditional medicine to address the difficulties this chronic condition poses. The aim of this study is to document the use of medicinal plants in traditional medicine for managing type 2 diabetes in the provinces of the Casablanca-Settat region. METHODS: The study employed a semi-structured questionnaire for data collection. A study was conducted between August 1st and September 30th, 2023, and 244 individuals diagnosed with diabetes were invited to take part in the research, all of whom used at least one medicinal plant to manage type 2 diabetes, by visiting primary healthcare facilities in Morocco. The analysis included the use of Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) to scrutinize the data. RESULTS: A total of 47 plant species belonging to 25 families were documented. Notably, the Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, and Fabaceae families were frequently mentioned in the context of treating type 2 diabetes in Morocco. Prominent among the cited plant species were Sesamum indicum L., Lepidium sativum L., followed by Foeniculum vulgare Mill., and Rosmarinus officinalis L. Seeds emerged as the plant part most commonly mentioned, with infusion being the prevailing preparation method and oral consumption being the most frequently depicted method of administration. CONCLUSION: This research underscores the practicality of incorporating traditional medicine into the healthcare framework of the Casablanca-Settat region. The findings not only offer valuable documentation but also have a vital function in safeguarding knowledge regarding the utilization of medicinal plants in this locality. Moreover, they provide opportunities to delve deeper into the phytochemical and pharmacological potential of these plants.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Plantas Medicinales , Adulto , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Marruecos , Etnobotánica/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354241237520, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622853

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Although breast cancer is common worldwide, if diagnosed early and treated on time, the probability of recovery is high and patients often experience a long life. Reducing the quality of life is a common side effect in patients. Melatonin may have an important role in fatigue, sleep disorders and, as a result, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people. About 184 patients with breast cancer were enrolled in 2 groups: intervention with daily melatonin intake of 18 mg for 3 years (93 patients) and the control group with placebo intake (91 patients). Health-related quality of life and the effect of melatonin on increasing that were evaluated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire, third edition at the beginning, 2 months later and 3 years after the beginning of the study. RESULTS: The general score of the HRQoL was significantly different both in the passage of time and in the comparative study of the 2 groups, and it was better in the melatonin group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Long-term use of 18 mg of melatonin for 3 years in patients with non-metastatic breast cancer can lead to an increase in the patients' quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Melatonina , Humanos , Femenino , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Melatonina/uso terapéutico , Estudios de Seguimiento , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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