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1.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 99(5): 187-194, May. 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-69

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Nuestro principal objetivo es el de comparar la capacidad para detectar las drusas del disco óptico (DDO) utilizando diversas técnicas de imágenes no-invasivas, incluida la novedosa técnica de imagen de retromodo (RMI). Como segundo objetivo analizamos las características morfológicas de las DDO bajo esta última técnica. Materiales y métodos: Este estudio incluyó un total de 7 pacientes con DDO bilaterales, obteniendo un total de 14 ojos analizados. Se utilizaron técnicas no invasivas de imágenes multimodales, que incluyeron fotografía multicolor del fondo de ojo (MC), reflectancia en infrarrojo (NIR), autofluorescencia en luz verde y en luz azul (G-FAF y B-FAF, respectivamente) y RMI. La FAF se utilizó como el método principal para el diagnóstico de DDO. Dos observadores realizaron las comparaciones, obteniendo las tasas de detección de cada uno de los métodos. Las mediciones cuantitativas de las DDO incluyeron el número, el perímetro (P) y el área (A) de las DDO identificadas mediante la técnica de RMI. Resultado: La edad promedio de los pacientes incluidos fue de 49,28±23,16 años; 5 de los 7 pacientes fueron de sexo masculino. La técnica de RMI pudo detectar DDO en todos los casos, con una sensibilidad del 100%, en comparación con MC (sensibilidad del 60,71%), NIR (sensibilidad del 60,71%), B-FAF (sensibilidad del 100%), G-FAF (sensibilidad del 100%). RMI fue la única técnica de imagen capaz de evaluar morfológica y cuantitativamente las DDO. Conclusiones: RMI es una prometedora modalidad no-invasiva de imagen para diagnosticar DDO superficiales, proporcionando información valiosa sobre la distribución, la ubicación y el tamaño de estas. Por lo tanto, mediante nuestros resultados sugerimos la incorporación de la novedosa técnica de RMI como una herramienta complementaria para el diagnóstico y el seguimiento de DDO en combinación con los otros métodos de imagen multimodales.(AU)


Objective: We aimed to compare the detectability of optic disc drusen (ODD), using various non-invasive imaging techniques, including the novel retro-mode imaging (RMI), as well as to analyze the morphological characteristics of ODD on RMI. Methods: This study involved 7 patients with bilateral ODD, totaling 14 eyes. Multimodal imaging techniques, including multicolor fundus photography (MC), near-infrared reflectance (NIR), green and blue light fundus autofluorescence (G-FAF and B-FAF, respectively), and RMI were used to examine the eyes. FAF was used as the primary method of identifying ODD, and each method's detection rate was compared by two observers. Quantitative measurements of ODD included the number of ODD visualized by the RMI technique, the perimeter (P) and area (A) of ODD were identified. Results: The average age of the patients included was 49.28±23.16 years, with 5 of the 7 being men. RMI was able to detect ODD in all cases, with a sensitivity of 100%, compared to MC (sensitivity 60.71%), NIR (sensitivity 60.71%), B-FAF (sensitivity 100%), G-FAF (sensitivity 100%). RMI was the only imaging technique capable of assessing ODD morphology and quantifying ODD. Conclusions: RMI is a promising imaging modality for diagnosing superficial ODD, providing valuable information on the distribution, location, and size of ODD. We suggest the incorporation of RMI as a complementary tool for diagnosing and monitoring ODD in combination with other multimodal imaging methods.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Disco Óptico , Drusas del Disco Óptico , Visión Ocular , Oftalmología , Francia , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 190(5): 347-353, 2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652803

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME) syndrome is an ultra-rare autosomal-recessive tubulopathy, caused by mutations in HSD11B2, leading to excessive activation of the kidney mineralocorticoid receptor, and characterized by early-onset low-renin hypertension, hypokalemia, and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). To date, most reports included few patients, and none described patients from Israel. We aimed to describe AME patients from Israel and to review the relevant literature. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Clinical, laboratory, and molecular data from patients' records were collected. RESULTS: Five patients presented at early childhood with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), while 2 patients presented during late childhood with CKD. Molecular analysis revealed 2 novel homozygous mutations in HSD11B2. All patients presented with severe hypertension and hypokalemia. While all patients developed nephrocalcinosis, only 1 showed hypercalciuria. All individuals were managed with potassium supplements, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, and various antihypertensive medications. One patient survived cardiac arrest secondary to severe hyperkalemia. At last follow-up, those 5 patients who presented early exhibited normal eGFR and near-normal blood pressure, but 2 have hypertension complications. The 2 patients who presented with CKD progressed to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) necessitating dialysis and kidney transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: In this 11-year follow-up report of 2 Israeli families with AME, patients who presented early maintained long-term normal kidney function, while those who presented late progressed to ESKD. Nevertheless, despite early diagnosis and management, AME is commonly associated with serious complications of the disease or its treatment.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Exceso Aparente de Mineralocorticoides , Humanos , Israel/epidemiología , Masculino , Femenino , Síndrome de Exceso Aparente de Mineralocorticoides/genética , Síndrome de Exceso Aparente de Mineralocorticoides/diagnóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Niño , Preescolar , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Deshidrogenasa de Tipo 2/genética , Adolescente , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/terapia , Mutación , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Hipopotasemia , Adulto
3.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47396, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630528

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Maternal preeclampsia is associated with a risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in offspring. However, it is unknown whether the increased ASD risk associated with preeclampsia is due to preeclampsia onset or clinical management of preeclampsia after onset, as clinical expectant management of preeclampsia allows pregnant women with this complication to remain pregnant for potentially weeks depending on the onset and severity. Identifying the risk associated with preeclampsia onset and exposure provides evidence to support the care of high-risk pregnancies and reduce adverse effects on offspring. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to fill the knowledge gap by assessing the ASD risk in children associated with the gestational age of preeclampsia onset and the number of days from preeclampsia onset to delivery. METHODS: This retrospective population-based clinical cohort study included 364,588 mother-child pairs of singleton births between 2001 and 2014 in a large integrated health care system in Southern California. Maternal social demographic and pregnancy health data, as well as ASD diagnosis in children by the age of 5 years, were extracted from electronic medical records. Cox regression models were used to assess hazard ratios (HRs) of ASD risk in children associated with gestational age of the first occurrence of preeclampsia and the number of days from first occurrence to delivery. RESULTS: Preeclampsia occurred in 16,205 (4.4%) out of 364,588 pregnancies; among the 16,205 pregnancies, 2727 (16.8%) first occurred at <34 weeks gestation, 4466 (27.6%) first occurred between 34 and 37 weeks, and 9012 (55.6%) first occurred at ≥37 weeks. Median days from preeclampsia onset to delivery were 4 (IQR 2,16) days, 1 (IQR 1,3) day, and 1 (IQR 0,1) day for those first occurring at <34, 34-37, and ≥37 weeks, respectively. Early preeclampsia onset was associated with greater ASD risk (P=.003); HRs were 1.62 (95% CI 1.33-1.98), 1.43 (95% CI 1.20-1.69), and 1.23 (95% CI 1.08-1.41), respectively, for onset at <34, 34-37, and ≥37 weeks, relative to the unexposed group. Within the preeclampsia group, the number of days from preeclampsia onset to delivery was not associated with ASD risk in children; the HR was 0.995 (95% CI 0.986-1.004) after adjusting for gestational age of preeclampsia onset. CONCLUSIONS: Preeclampsia during pregnancy was associated with ASD risk in children, and the risk was greater with earlier onset. However, the number of days from first preeclampsia onset to delivery was not associated with ASD risk in children. Our study suggests that ASD risk in children associated with preeclampsia is not increased by expectant management of preeclampsia in standard clinical practice. Our results emphasize the need to identify effective approaches to preventing the onset of preeclampsia, especially during early pregnancy. Further research is needed to confirm if this finding applies across different populations and clinical settings.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos , Preeclampsia , Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/epidemiología , Preeclampsia/epidemiología
4.
Appl Clin Inform ; 15(2): 397-403, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588712

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Clinical documentation is essential for conveying medical decision-making, communication between providers and patients, and capturing quality, billing, and regulatory measures during emergency department (ED) visits. Growing evidence suggests the benefits of note template standardization; however, variations in documentation practices are common. The primary objective of this study is to measure the utilization and coding performance of a standardized ED note template implemented across a nine-hospital health system. METHODS: This was a retrospective study before and after the implementation of a standardized ED note template. A multi-disciplinary group consensus was built around standardized note elements, provider note workflows within the electronic health record (EHR), and how to incorporate newly required medical decision-making elements. The primary outcomes measured included the proportion of ED visits using standardized note templates, and the distribution of billing codes in the 6 months before and after implementation. RESULTS: In the preimplementation period, a total of six legacy ED note templates were being used across nine EDs, with the most used template accounting for approximately 36% of ED visits. Marked variations in documentation elements were noted across six legacy templates. After the implementation, 82% of ED visits system-wide used a single standardized note template. Following implementation, we observed a 1% increase in the proportion of ED visits coded as highest acuity and an unchanged proportion coded as second highest acuity. CONCLUSION: We observed a greater than twofold increase in the use of a standardized ED note template across a nine-hospital health system in anticipation of the new 2023 coding guidelines. The development and utilization of a standardized note template format relied heavily on multi-disciplinary stakeholder engagement to inform design that worked for varied documentation practices within the EHR. After the implementation of a standardized note template, we observed better-than-anticipated coding performance.


Asunto(s)
Documentación , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/normas , Estudios Retrospectivos , Humanos , Documentación/normas , Registros Electrónicos de Salud/normas , Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud/normas , Estándares de Referencia
5.
Obstet Gynecol ; 143(6): 794-802, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626447

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between antenatal messenger RNA (mRNA) coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of individuals with singleton pregnancies with live deliveries between June 1, 2021, and January 31, 2022, with data available from eight integrated health care systems in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Vaccine exposure was defined as receipt of one or two mRNA COVID-19 vaccine doses (primary series) during pregnancy. Outcomes were preterm birth (PTB) before 37 weeks of gestation, small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonates, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia-eclampsia-HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count) syndrome. Outcomes in individuals vaccinated were compared with those in propensity-matched individuals with unexposed pregnancies. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% CIs were estimated for PTB and SGA using a time-dependent covariate Cox model, and adjusted relative risks (aRRs) were estimated for GDM, gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia-eclampsia-HELLP syndrome using Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: Among 55,591 individuals eligible for inclusion, 23,517 (42.3%) received one or two mRNA COVID-19 vaccine doses during pregnancy. Receipt of mRNA COVID-19 vaccination varied by maternal age, race, Hispanic ethnicity, and history of COVID-19. Compared with no vaccination, mRNA COVID-19 vaccination was associated with a decreased risk of PTB (rate: 6.4 [vaccinated] vs 7.7 [unvaccinated] per 100, aHR 0.89; 95% CI, 0.83-0.94). Messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccination was not associated with SGA (8.3 vs 7.4 per 100; aHR 1.06, 95% CI, 0.99-1.13), GDM (11.9 vs 10.6 per 100; aRR 1.00, 95% CI, 0.90-1.10), gestational hypertension (10.8 vs 9.9 per 100; aRR 1.08, 95% CI, 0.96-1.22), or preeclampsia-eclampsia-HELLP syndrome (8.9 vs 8.4 per 100; aRR 1.10, 95% CI, 0.97-1.24). CONCLUSION: Receipt of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy was not associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes; this information will be helpful for patients and clinicians when considering COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Resultado del Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Adulto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Vacunas contra la COVID-19/efectos adversos , Vacunas contra la COVID-19/administración & dosificación , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/epidemiología , Recién Nacido , Nacimiento Prematuro/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2 , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Recién Nacido Pequeño para la Edad Gestacional , Adulto Joven , Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos
6.
Clin Nutr ; 43(5): 1162-1170, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603973

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIM: Clinical trials supplementing the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) to preterm infants have shown positive effects on inflammation-related morbidities, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine associations between DHA, AA, and inflammation-related proteins during the neonatal period in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: A retrospective exploratory study of infants (n = 183) born below 28 weeks gestation from the Mega Donna Mega trial, a randomized multicenter trial designed to study the effect of DHA and AA on retinopathy of prematurity. Serial serum samples were collected after birth until postnatal day 100 (median 7 samples per infant) and analyzed for phospholipid fatty acids and proteins using targeted proteomics covering 538 proteins. Associations over time between LCPUFAs and proteins were explored using mixed effect modeling with splines, including an interaction term for time, and adjusted for gestational age, sex, and center. RESULTS: On postnatal day one, 55 proteins correlated with DHA levels and 10 proteins with AA levels. Five proteins were related to both fatty acids, all with a positive correlation. Over the first 100 days after birth, we identified 57 proteins to be associated with DHA and/or AA. Of these proteins, 41 (72%) related to inflammation. Thirty-eight proteins were associated with both fatty acids and the overall direction of association did not differ between DHA and AA, indicating that both LCPUFAs similarly contribute to up- and down-regulation of the preterm neonate inflammatory proteome. Primary examples of this were the inflammation-modulating cytokines IL-6 and CCL7, both being negatively related to levels of DHA and AA in the postnatal period. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports postnatal non-antagonistic and potentially synergistic effects of DHA and AA on the inflammation proteome in preterm infants, indicating that supplementation with both fatty acids may contribute to limiting the disease burden in this vulnerable population. CLINICAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03201588).


Asunto(s)
Ácido Araquidónico , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos , Recien Nacido Extremadamente Prematuro , Inflamación , Proteoma , Humanos , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/sangre , Ácido Araquidónico/sangre , Recien Nacido Extremadamente Prematuro/sangre , Recién Nacido , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Masculino , Inflamación/sangre , Proteoma/análisis
7.
Circulation ; 149(20): 1549-1564, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606558

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Among patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), acute vasoreactivity testing during right heart catheterization may identify acute vasoresponders, for whom treatment with high-dose calcium channel blockers (CCBs) is recommended. However, long-term outcomes in the current era remain largely unknown. We sought to evaluate the implications of acute vasoreactivity response for long-term response to CCBs and other outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PAH between January 1999 and December 2018 at 15 pulmonary hypertension centers were included and analyzed retrospectively. In accordance with current guidelines, acute vasoreactivity response was defined by a decrease of mean pulmonary artery pressure by ≥10 mm Hg to reach <40 mm Hg, without a decrease in cardiac output. Long-term response to CCBs was defined as alive with unchanged initial CCB therapy with or without other initial PAH therapy and World Health Organization functional class I/II and/or low European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society risk status at 12 months after initiation of CCBs. Patients were followed for up to 5 years; clinical measures, outcome, and subsequent treatment patterns were captured. RESULTS: Of 3702 patients undergoing right heart catheterization for PAH diagnosis, 2051 had idiopathic, heritable, or drug-induced PAH, of whom 1904 (92.8%) underwent acute vasoreactivity testing. A total of 162 patients fulfilled acute vasoreactivity response criteria and received an initial CCB alone (n=123) or in combination with another PAH therapy (n=39). The median follow-up time was 60.0 months (interquartile range, 30.8-60.0), during which overall survival was 86.7%. At 12 months, 53.2% remained on CCB monotherapy, 14.7% on initial CCB plus another initial PAH therapy, and the remaining patients had the CCB withdrawn and/or PAH therapy added. CCB long-term response was found in 54.3% of patients. Five-year survival was 98.5% in long-term responders versus 73.0% in nonresponders. In addition to established vasodilator responder criteria, pulmonary artery compliance at acute vasoreactivity testing, low risk status and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) levels at early follow-up correlated with long-term response and predicted survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our data display heterogeneity within the group of vasoresponders, with a large subset failing to show a sustained satisfactory clinical response to CCBs. This highlights the necessity for comprehensive reassessment during early follow-up. The use of pulmonary artery compliance in addition to current measures may better identify those likely to have a good long-term response.


Asunto(s)
Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/mortalidad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/uso terapéutico , Arteria Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Arteria Pulmonar/efectos de los fármacos , Adulto , Anciano , Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico
8.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 63(3): 103922, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664087

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse outcomes and prolonged hospitalizations in critically ill patients. Regarding the recent adoption of restrictive transfusion protocols in intensive care unit (ICU) management, anemia remains highly prevalent even after ICU discharge. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia following ICU discharge and factors affecting recovery from anemia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study involving 3969 adult ICU survivors, we assessed anemia severity using the National Cancer Institute criteria at six time points: ICU admission, ICU discharge, hospital discharge, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month post-hospital discharge. In addition, baseline characteristics, including age, sex, comorbidities, and recent iron supplementation or erythropoietin administration, were evaluated. RESULTS: Our findings revealed an in-hospital mortality rate of 28.6%. The median hospital and ICU stays were 20 and 5 days, respectively, with common comorbidities including hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Among the patients, the hemoglobin levels of 3967 patients were confirmed at the time of discharge from the ICU, representing 99.95% of the total. The prevalence of anemia persisted post- ICU discharge; less than 30% of patients recovered, whereas 13.6% of them experienced worsening of anemia post-ICU discharge. Factors contributing to anemia severity were female sex, DM, chronic renal failure, malignant solid tumors, and administration of iron supplements. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the need for targeted interventions to manage anemia post-ICU discharge and suggested potential factors that influence recovery from anemia.


Asunto(s)
Anemia , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anemia/epidemiología , Anemia/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Anciano , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Adulto
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37682, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579074

RESUMEN

This retrospective study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential of Bifidobacterium bifidum supplementation on elderly ischemic stroke patients. We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records from 153 elderly ischemic stroke patients. Patients were stratified into 2 groups: those receiving B bifidum supplementation (Intervention group, n = 73) and those receiving standard treatment without any additional supplementation (Control group, n = 80). Outcomes were assessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Inflammatory markers, immunological indicators, neurotrophic factor, and gut-brain axis (GBA)-related markers were also evaluated at baseline and during 4-week follow-up. Compared to the control group, the intervention group exhibited significant improvements in the NIHSS, MoCA, SDS and SAS scores (P < .001). Enhanced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and reduced levels of NPY were observed in the intervention group. Additionally, inflammatory markers, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-1ß, and TNF-α, were significantly reduced in the intervention group, as well as significant increases in immunoglobulin levels (Ig A, Ig G, and Ig M) (P < .001). Besides, lower incidences of diarrhea and constipation were observed in the intervention group (P < .001), while the incidence of abdominal pain was no significant changed. B bifidum supplementation offers promising therapeutic benefits in improving neurological, cognitive, and psychological outcomes in elderly ischemic stroke patients, which may be achieved by regulating the GBA, reducing inflammation and promoting immune function. These findings highlight the importance of integrating gut health strategies in stroke management.


Asunto(s)
Bifidobacterium bifidum , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/terapia , Suplementos Dietéticos
10.
Chronobiol Int ; 41(4): 587-597, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606920

RESUMEN

The timing of radiotherapy (RT) delivery has been reported to affect both cancer survival and treatment toxicity. However, the association among the timing of RT delivery, survival, and toxicity in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) has not been investigated. We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with LA-NPC who received definitive RT at multiple institutions. The median RT delivery daytime was categorized as morning (DAY) and night (NIGHT). Seasonal variations were classified into the darker half of the year (WINTER) and brighter half (SUMMER) according to the sunshine duration. Cohorts were balanced according to baseline characteristics using propensity score matching (PSM). Survival and toxicity outcomes were evaluated using Cox regression models. A total of 355 patients were included, with 194/161 in DAY/NIGHT and 187/168 in WINTER/SUMMER groups. RT delivered during the daytime prolonged the 5-year overall survival (OS) (90.6% vs. 80.0%, p = 0.009). However, the significance of the trend was lost after PSM (p = 0.068). After PSM analysis, the DAY cohort derived a greater benefit in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) (85.6% vs. 73.4%, p = 0.021) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (89.2% vs. 80.8%, p = 0.051) in comparison with the NIGHT subgroup. Moreover, multivariate analysis showed that daytime RT was an independent prognostic factor for OS, PFS, and DMFS. Furthermore, daytime RT delivery was associated with an increase in the incidence of leukopenia and radiation dermatitis. RT delivery in SUMMER influenced only the OS significantly (before PSM: p = 0.051; after PSM: p = 0.034). There was no association between toxicity and the timing of RT delivery by season. In LA-NPC, the daytime of radical RT served as an independent prognostic factor. Furthermore, RT administered in the morning resulted in more severe toxic side effects than that at night, which needs to be confirmed in a future study.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Puntaje de Propensión , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Pronóstico , Adulto , Anciano , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiología , Factores de Tiempo , Radioterapia/efectos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Estaciones del Año
11.
Int J Cardiol ; 406: 132043, 2024 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614366

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Calcium channel blockers (CCB) are the first effective therapy for vasoreactive patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). However, the advent of modern PAH-specific drugs may undermine the role of vasoreactivity tests and CCB treatment. We aimed to clarify the effect of acute vasoreactivity testing and CCB on patients with IPAH receiving PAH-specific treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated consecutive patients with IPAH (n = 136) diagnosed between 2000 and 2020 and collected data from patients who underwent acute vasoreactivity testing using inhaled nitric oxide (NO). The effects of vasoreactivity testing and CCB therapy were reviewed. Long-term survival was analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Acute vasoreactivity testing was performed in 49% of patients with IPAH (n = 67), including 23 patients (34%) receiving PAH-specific therapy without vasoreactivity testing. Eight patients (12%), including three patients (4.4%) receiving PAH-specific therapy, presented acute responses at vasoreactivity testing. They received high-dose CCB therapy (CCB monotherapy for five patients [7.5%] and CCB therapy and PAH-specific therapy for three patients [4.4%]). They presented a significant improvement in clinical parameters and near-normalisation of haemodynamics (mean pulmonary arterial pressure decreased from 46 [interquartile range: 40-49] to 19.5 [interquartile range: 18-23] mmHg [P < .001] at 1-year follow-up). All eight vasoreactive responders receiving CCB therapy showed better long-term survival than non-responders treated with PAH-specific therapy (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: CCB therapy benefited patients with IPAH who showed acute response to vasoreactivity testing using inhaled NO, even when receiving modern PAH-specific therapy. Acute vasoreactive responders may benefit more from CCB than from PAH-specific therapy.


Asunto(s)
Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/uso terapéutico , Bloqueadores de los Canales de Calcio/administración & dosificación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Seguimiento
12.
Emergencias ; 36(2): 116-122, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597618

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors for developing delayed neurological syndrome (DNS) after an initial episode of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in the interest of detecting patients most likely to develop DNS so that they can be followed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of cases of CO poisoning treated in the past 10 years in the emergency departments of 4 hospitals in the AMICO study (Spanish acronym for the multicenter analysis of CO poisoning). We analyzed demographic characteristics of the patients and the clinical characteristics of the initial episode. The records of the cohort of patients with available follow-up information were reviewed to find cases of DNS. Data were analyzed by multivariant analysis to determine the relationship to characteristics of the initial exposure to CO. RESULTS: A total of 240 cases were identified. The median (interquartile range) age of the patients was 36.2 years (17.6-49.6 years); 108 patients (45.0%) were men, and the poisoning was accidental in 223 cases (92.9%). The median carboxyhemoglobin concentration on presentation was 12.7% (6.2%-18.7%). Follow-up details were available for 44 patients (18.3%). Eleven of those patients (25%) developed DNS. A low initial Glasgow Coma Scale score predicted the development of DNS with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.61 (95% CI, 0.41-0.92) and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.876 (95% CI, 0.761-0.990) (P .001). CONCLUSION: The initial Glasgow Coma Scale score seems to be a clinical predictor of DNS after CO poisoning. We consider it important to establish follow-up protocols for patients with CO poisoning treated in hospital EDs.


OBJETIVO: Identificar factores pronósticos de desarrollo de síndrome neurológico tardío (SNT) después de un episodio inicial de intoxicación por monóxido de carbono (ICO), con el fin detectar precozmente a la población más susceptible y facilitar su acceso a un seguimiento específico. METODO: Revisión retrospectiva de todos los casos de ICO que acudieron a los servicios de urgencias (SU) de 4 hospitales durante los últimos 10 años. Se analizaron datos demográficos y características clínicas en el momento del episodio. En la cohorte de pacientes con datos de seguimiento disponibles, se evaluó la aparición de SNT y su relación con diferentes variables en la exposición inicial al CO a través de técnicas de análisis multivariante. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron 240 pacientes. La mediana de edad fue de 36,2 años (17,6-49,6). De ellos 108 (45,0%) eran hombres y 223 casos (92,9%) fueron accidentales. El nivel medio de COHb fue del 12,7% (6,2-18,7). En 44 (18,3%) episodios se disponía de datos de un seguimiento específico. En esta cohorte, 11 (25%) pacientes desarrollaron SNT. Una puntuación inicial más baja en la Escala Coma de Glasgow (GCS) (OR: 0,61, IC 95%: 0,41-0,92) fue predictor independiente del desarrollo del SNT, con un ABC en la curva COR de 0,876 (IC 95%: 0,761-0,990, p 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: Una puntuación inicial baja en la GCS parece ser un predictor clínico de desarrollo de SNT en la ICO. Dada la incidencia de SNT, consideramos fundamental establecer protocolos de seguimiento específico de estos pacientes tras su asistencia inicial en los SU.


Asunto(s)
Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono/complicaciones , Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono/diagnóstico , Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono/terapia , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 40(1): 2341701, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622970

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) on hormonal and metabolic parameters in a group of overweight/obese Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study in which thirty-two overweight/obese patients with PCOS (n = 32) not requiring hormonal treatment were selected from the database of the ambulatory clinic of the Gynecological Endocrinology Center at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. The hormonal profile, routine exams and insulin and C-peptide response to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of complementary treatment with ALA (400 mg/day). Hepatic Insulin Extraction (HIE) index was also calculated. RESULTS: ALA administration significantly improved insulin sensitivity and decreased ALT and AST plasma levels in all subjects, though no changes were observed on reproductive hormones. When PCOS patients were subdivided according to the presence or absence of familial diabetes background, the higher effects of ALA were observed in the former group that showed AST and ALT reduction and greater HIE index decrease. CONCLUSION: ALA administration improved insulin sensitivity in overweight/obese PCOS patients, especially in those with familial predisposition to diabetes. ALA administration improved both peripheral sensitivity to insulin and liver clearance of insulin. Such effects potentially decrease the risk of nonalcoholic fat liver disease and diabetes in PCOS patients.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Resistencia a la Insulina , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Ácido Tióctico , Femenino , Humanos , Insulina , Resistencia a la Insulina/fisiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/complicaciones , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/metabolismo , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/tratamiento farmacológico , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/complicaciones , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Ácido Tióctico/farmacología , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapéutico
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 32(3): 214-221, 2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584102

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the drugs and clinical characteristics causing drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in recent years, as well as identify drug-induced liver failure, and chronic DILI risk factors, in order to better manage them timely. Methods: A retrospective investigation and analysis was conducted on 224 cases diagnosed with DILI and followed up for at least six months between January 2018 and December 2020. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for drug-induced liver failure and chronic DILI. Results: Traditional Chinese medicine (accounting for 62.5%), herbal medicine (accounting for 84.3% of traditional Chinese medicine), and some Chinese patent medicines were the main causes of DILI found in this study. Severe and chronic DILI was associated with cholestatic type. Preexisting gallbladder disease, initial total bilirubin, initial prothrombin time, and initial antinuclear antibody titer were independent risk factors for DILI. Prolonged time interval between alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) falling from the peak to half of the peak (T(0.5ALP) and T(0.5ALT)) was an independent risk factor for chronic DILI [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.787, 95%CI: 0.697~0.878, P < 0.001], with cutoff values of 12.5d and 9.5d, respectively. Conclusion: Traditional Chinese medicine is the main contributing cause of DILI. The occurrence risk of severe DILI is related to preexisting gallbladder disease, initial total bilirubin, prothrombin time, and antinuclear antibodies. T(0.5ALP) and T(0.5ALT) can be used as indicators to predict chronic DILI.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Enfermedades de la Vesícula Biliar , Fallo Hepático , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Pronóstico , Bilirrubina
15.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 37(1): 2334846, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584146

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defects (NTDs) represent a spectrum of heterogeneous birth anomalies characterized by the incomplete closure of the neural tube. In Jordan, NTDs are estimated to occur in approximately one out of every 1000 live births. Timely identification of NTDs during the 18-22 weeks of gestation period offers parents various management options, including intrauterine NTD repair and termination of pregnancy (TOP). This study aims to assess and compare parental knowledge and perceptions of these management modalities between parents of affected children and those with healthy offspring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted at Jordan University Hospital (JUH) using telephone-administered questionnaires. Categorical variables were summarized using counts and percentages, while continuous variables were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The association between exposure variables and outcomes was explored using binary logistic regression. Data analysis was performed using SPSS for Windows version 26 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). RESULTS: The study sample comprised 143 participants, with 49.7% being parents of children with NTDs. The majority of NTD cases were associated with unplanned pregnancies, lack of folic acid supplementation, and postnatal diagnosis. Concerning parental knowledge of TOP in Jordan, 86% believed it to be legally permissible in certain situations. However, there was no statistically significant difference between cases and controls regarding attitudes toward TOP. While the majority of parents with NTD-affected children (88.7%) expressed a willingness to consider intrauterine surgery, this percentage decreased significantly (to 77.6%) after receiving detailed information about the procedure's risks and benefits (p = .013). CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the first case-control investigational study in Jordan focusing on parental perspectives regarding TOP versus intrauterine repair of myelomeningocele following a diagnosis of an NTD-affected fetus. Based on our findings, we urge the implementation of a national and international surveillance program for NTDs, assessing the disease burden, facilitating resource allocation toward prevention strategies, and promoting early diagnosis initiatives either by using newly suggested diagnostic biomarkers or early Antenatal ultrasonography.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Fólico , Defectos del Tubo Neural , Niño , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Jordania/epidemiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Retrospectivos , Defectos del Tubo Neural/diagnóstico , Defectos del Tubo Neural/epidemiología , Defectos del Tubo Neural/terapia , Padres
16.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23 Suppl 1: 1-6, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587306

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: IPL devices emit a wide range of wavelengths that can be absorbed by different chromophores in the skin. Selective destruction of a specific chromophore with minimal side effects is controlled by wavelength, pulse duration, and fluence. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the treatment of vascular and pigmented lesions using narrow-band Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) with Advanced Fluorescence Technology (AFT), which offers more efficient energy usage per pulse to increase safety, and improve clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from 100 patients treated with narrow-band IPL for vascular and pigmented lesions. Efficacy was measured by the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS) and Patient Satisfaction Scale (0-10). Safety was assessed by evaluating pain levels and adverse events. RESULTS: Mean GAIS scores were 8.02 ± 0.84 for vascular and 8.14 ± 0.9 for pigmented lesions with no significant difference between groups (p=0.49, α=0.05). Patient satisfaction correlated with GAIS scores (correlation coefficient 0.8). No pain was reported and two patients experienced temporary and transient side effects. CONCLUSION: Overall, the advanced IPL treatments provided favorable outcomes for vascular and pigmented lesions.


Asunto(s)
Tratamiento de Luz Pulsada Intensa , Piel , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Retrospectivos , Satisfacción del Paciente , Tratamiento de Luz Pulsada Intensa/efectos adversos
17.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23 Suppl 1: 27-32, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587313

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pigmented lesions are largely benign and may lead to extreme distress. Various light and lasers may be used to treat pigmentation, often Q-switched lasers are considered the method of choice, while intense pulsed light (IPL) devices may offer a less invasive treatment with a shorter downtime. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a narrowband IPL module for the treatment of pigmented lesions. METHODS: A retrospective study of 20 patients with pigmented lesions underwent treatment with an IPL module. Treatment was assessed by blinded evaluation of clinical photographs using a GAIS scale of 0-10, as well as through patient satisfaction ratings on a scale of 0-10. Throughout the treatment, pain levels and adverse events were monitored. RESULTS: The mean GAIS score was 7.55 ± 1.15 (mean ± SD), and the mean patient satisfaction score was 7.3 ± 1.26 (mean ± SD). There was a strong positive correlation between GAIS and patient satisfaction scores (r = 0.83), and no significant difference between them (p-value = 0.516). The number of treatments did not significantly affect GAIS and patient satisfaction scores (p-values 0.364 and 0.126). Additional positive unexpected outcomes were improved skin firmness and reduced wrinkles. CONCLUSION: The results of the study indicate that the IPL module is both safe and effective in treating pigmented lesions and may have the potential to stimulate collagen production.


Asunto(s)
Tratamiento de Luz Pulsada Intensa , Trastornos de la Pigmentación , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trastornos de la Pigmentación/radioterapia , Satisfacción del Paciente
18.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 113, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589714

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM) are commonly known to have a dismal prognosis. Over the past decades, novel techniques such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS), hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), and pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) have been introduced for the treatment of PSM which could improve the overall survival and quality of life of patients with PSM. The decision to proceed with CRS and HIPEC is often challenging due the complexity of the disease, the extent of the procedure, associated side effects, and potential risks. Here, we present our experience with CRS and HIPEC to add to the ongoing discussion about eligibility criteria, technical approach, and expected outcomes and contribute to the evolution of this powerful and promising tool in the multidisciplinary treatment of patients with primary and secondary PSM. METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review was conducted and included a total of 40 patients treated with CRS and HIPEC from April 2020 to September 2022 at the University Hospital Münster Department of Surgery. All patients had histologically confirmed primary or secondary peritoneal malignancies of various primary origins. RESULTS: Our study included 22 patients with peritoneal metastases from gastric cancer (55%), 8 with pseudomyxoma peritonei (20%), 4 with mesothelioma of the peritoneum (10%), and 6 patients with PSM originating from other primary tumor locations. Median PCI at time of cytoreduction was 4 (0-25). Completeness of cytoreduction score was 0 in 37 patients (92.5%), 1 in two patients (5%), and 2 in one patient (2.5%). Median overall survival across all patients was 3.69 years. CONCLUSION: Complete cytoreduction during CRS and HIPEC can be achieved for patients with low PCI, for patients with high PCI in low-grade malignancies, and even for patients with initially high PCI in high-grade malignancies following a significant reduction of cancer burden due to extensive preoperative treatment with PIPAC and systemic chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Hipertermia Inducida , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Neoplasias Peritoneales , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneales/patología , Peritoneo , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos de Citorreducción , Estudios Retrospectivos , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Calidad de Vida , Terapia Combinada , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Tasa de Supervivencia
19.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e077709, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569676

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics and treatment approaches for patients with severe postpartum haemorrhage (SPPH) in various midwifery institutions in one district in Beijing, especially those without identifiable antenatal PPH high-risk factors, to improve regional SPPH rescue capacity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted at 9 tertiary-level hospitals and 10 secondary-level hospitals in Haidian district of Beijing from January 2019 to December 2022. PARTICIPANTS: The major inclusion criterion was SPPH with blood loss ≥1500 mL or needing a packed blood product transfusion ≥1000 mL within 24 hours after birth. A total of 324 mothers with SPPH were reported to the Regional Obstetric Quality Control Office from 19 midwifery hospitals. OUTCOME MEASURES: The pregnancy characteristics collected included age at delivery, gestational weeks at delivery, height, parity, delivery mode, antenatal PPH high-risk factors, aetiology of PPH, bleeding amount, PPH complications, transfusion volume and PPH management. SPPH characteristics were compared between two levels of midwifery hospitals and their association with antenatal PPH high-risk factors was determined. RESULTS: SPPH was observed in 324 mothers out of 106 697 mothers in the 4 years. There were 74.4% and 23.9% cases of SPPH without detectable antenatal PPH high-risk factors in secondary and tertiary midwifery hospitals, respectively. Primary uterine atony was the leading cause of SPPH in secondary midwifery hospitals, whereas placental-associated disorders were the leading causes in tertiary institutions. Rates of red blood cell transfusion over 10 units, unscheduled returns to the operating room and adverse PPH complications were higher in patients without antenatal PPH high-risk factors. Secondary hospitals had significantly higher rates of trauma compared with tertiary institutions. CONCLUSION: Examining SPPH cases at various institutional levels offers a more comprehensive view of regional SPPH management and enhances targeted training in this area.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Hemorragia Posparto , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Hemorragia Posparto/epidemiología , Hemorragia Posparto/terapia , Hemorragia Posparto/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Placenta , Hospitales
20.
Noise Health ; 26(120): 8-13, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570304

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic renal failure (CRF) poses significant clinical risks. Therefore, attention should be paid to the daily nursing of such patients, and better clinical nursing programs should be provided. METHODS: The data of 120 patients with CRF at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from March 2020 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. After 8 patients were excluded, 112 patients were finally included in this study. The included patients were divided into group A (58 patients receiving clinical routine nursing) and group B (54 patients receiving clinical routine nursing and personalized music) according to different nursing schemes. The anxiety level, depression level, quality of life (QOL), and clinical satisfaction of the patients in both groups were compared before and after nursing. RESULTS: Before the implementation of nursing, no significant difference existed in the levels of anxiety, depression, and QOL between the two groups (P > 0.05). After nursing, group B had significantly lower levels of anxiety and depression and significantly higher QOL than group A (P < 0.001). No significant difference in clinical nursing satisfaction was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The implementation of personalized music can improve the QOL and psychological states of patients, with clinical application value.


Asunto(s)
Fallo Renal Crónico , Musicoterapia , Humanos , Anciano , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos , Salud Mental , Depresión/etiología , Fallo Renal Crónico/terapia
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