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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 779-788, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621882

RESUMEN

This study aims to investigate the essential oil(EOL) of Cinnamomum camphora regarding its anti-depression effect and mechanism in regulating inflammatory cytokines and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) pathway. A mouse model of depression was established by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS). Open field, elevated plus maze, and forced swimming tests were carried out to examine mouse behaviors. Western blot and qRT-PCR were employed to determine the expression of proteins and genes in the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in the hippocampus. The levels of tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, interleukin(IL)-6, and IL-1ß in the serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The changes of apoptosis in mouse brain were detected by Tunel staining. Compared with the blank control group, the model group showed shortened distance travelled and time spent in the central zone and reduced number of entries in the central zone in the open field test. In the elevated plus maze test, the model group showed reduced open arm time(OT%) and open arm entries(OE%). In the force swimming test, the model group showed extended duration of immobility compared with the blank control group. Compared with the model group, the treatment with EOL significantly increased the distance travelled and time spent in the central zone and increased the number of entries in the central zone in the open field test. In addition, EOL significantly increased the OT% and OE% in the elevated plus maze and shor-tened the immobility duration in the forced swimming test. The model group showed lower expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 and hig-her levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß than the blank control group. Compared with the model group, the treatment with EOL up-regulated the expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 and lowered the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß. The Tunel staining results showed that the apoptosis rate in the brain tissue of mice decreased significantly after the treatment with EOL. To sum up, EOL can mitigate the depression-like behaviors of mice by up-regulating the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 and preventing hippocampal inflammatory damage. The findings provide empirical support for the application of EOL and aromatherapy in the treatment of depression.


Asunto(s)
Cinnamomum camphora , Aceites Volátiles , Femenino , Ratones , Animales , Citocinas/metabolismo , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Depresión/tratamiento farmacológico , Aceites Volátiles/farmacología , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 789-797, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621883

RESUMEN

This study aims to investigate the effect and mechanism of Fuyu Decoction(FYD) in the treatment of myocardial fibrosis in the rat model of heart failure(HF). Sixty Wistar rats were randomized into a modeling group(n=50) and a sham group(n=10). A post-myocardial infarction HF model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery in rats. The successfully modeled rats were assigned into model, low-dose(2.5 g·kg~(-1)) FYD(FYD-L), high-dose(5.0 g·kg~(-1)) FYD(FYD-H), and FYD+Nrf2 inhibitor(ML385, 30 mg·kg~(-1)) groups(n=10). FYD was administrated by gavage and ML385 by intraperitoneal injection. The rats in the sham and model groups were administrated with equal amounts of normal saline by gavage. After 8 weeks of intervention, the cardiac function indicators were measured, and the myocardial tissue morphology and collagen deposition were observed. The positive expression of collagens Ⅰ and Ⅲ, apoptosis, and oxidative stress were examined, and the levels of Fe~(2+) and reactive oxygen species(ROS) were determined. The protein levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), and acyl-coenzyme A synthase long chain family member 4(ACSL4) in the myocardial tissue were determined. Compared with sham group, the model group showed decreased left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), increased left ventricular end internal dimension in systole(LVIDs), left ventricular internal diameter in diastole(LVIDd), and myocardial collagen deposition, positive expression of collagens Ⅰ and Ⅲ, elevated apoptosis rate and malondialdehyde(MDA), Fe~(2+), and ROS levels, lowered superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH) levels, down-regulated protein levels of Nrf2, SLC7A11, and GPX4, and up-regulated protein level of ACSL4. Compared with the model group, the above indicators were restored by FYD. Moreover, ML385 reversed the protective effect of FYD on myocardial fibrosis in HF rats. In conclusion, FYD can inhibit ferroptosis by activating the Nrf2/GPX4 pathway, thereby ameliorating myocardial fibrosis in HF rats.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Volumen Sistólico , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Ratas Wistar , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Fibrosis , Colágeno/farmacología
3.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155403, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564920

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of global mortality, and there is an urgent need for effective treatment strategies. Gut microbiota-dependent metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) promotes the development of cardiovascular diseases, and shizukaol C, a natural sesquiterpene isolated from Chloranthus multistachys with various biological activities, might exhibit beneficial role in preventing TMAO-induced vascular inflammation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and the underlying mechanisms of shizukaol C on TMAO-induced vascular inflammation. METHODS: The effect and underlying mechanism of shizukaol C on TMAO-induced adhesion molecules expression, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) adhesion to VSMC were evaluated by western blot, cell adhesion assay, co-immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence assay, and quantitative Real-Time PCR, respectively. To verify the role of shizukaol C in vivo, TMAO-induced vascular inflammation model were established using guidewire-induced injury on mice carotid artery. Changes in the intima area and the expression of GSTpi, VCAM-1, CD68 were examined using haematoxylin-eosin staining, and immunofluorescence assay. RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that shizukaol C significantly suppressed TMAO-induced adhesion molecule expression and the bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) adhesion in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Mechanically, shizukaol C inhibited TMAO-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)/p65 activation, and the JNK inhibition was dependent on the shizukaol C-mediated glutathione-S-transferase pi (GSTpi) expression. By further molecular docking and protein-binding analysis, we demonstrated that shizukaol C directly binds to Keap1 to induce Nrf2 nuclear translocation and upregulated GSTpi expression. Consistently, our in vivo experiment showed that shizukaol C elevated the expression level of GSTpi in carotid arteries and alleviates TMAO-induced vascular inflammation. CONCLUSION: Shizukaol C exerts anti-inflammatory effects in TMAO-treated VSMC by targeting Keap1 and activating Nrf2-GSTpi signaling and resultantly inhibits the downstream JNK-NF-κB/p65 activation and VSMC adhesion, and alleviates TMAO-induced vascular inflammation in vivo, suggesting that shizukaol C may be a potential drug for treating TMAO-induced vascular diseases.


Asunto(s)
Inflamación , Músculo Liso Vascular , Sesquiterpenos , Animales , Masculino , Ratones , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Adhesión Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Inflamación/inducido químicamente , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/efectos de los fármacos , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efectos de los fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Metilaminas/farmacología , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Músculo Liso Vascular/efectos de los fármacos , Miocitos del Músculo Liso/efectos de los fármacos , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/efectos de los fármacos , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/farmacología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Gutatión-S-Transferasa pi/efectos de los fármacos , Gutatión-S-Transferasa pi/metabolismo
4.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 68(9): e2300704, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656560

RESUMEN

SCOPE: This study investigates the potential of glutamine to mitigate intestinal mucositis and dysbiosis caused by the chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). METHODS AND RESULTS: Over twelve days, Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice are given low (0.5 mg kg-1) or high (2 mg kg-1) doses of L-Glutamine daily, with 5-FU (50 mg kg-1) administered between days six and nine. Mice receiving only 5-FU exhibited weight loss, diarrhea, abnormal cell growth, and colonic inflammation, correlated with decreased mucin proteins, increased endotoxins, reduced fecal short-chain fatty acids, and altered gut microbiota. Glutamine supplementation counteracted these effects by inhibiting the Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B (TLR4/NF-κB) pathway, modulating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase 1 (Nrf2/HO-1) oxidative stress proteins, and increasing mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) levels, thereby enhancing microbial diversity and protecting intestinal mucosa. CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore glutamine's potential in preventing 5-FU-induced mucositis by modulating gut microbiota and inflammation pathways.


Asunto(s)
Fluorouracilo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Glutamina , Mucosa Intestinal , Mucositis , Animales , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Fluorouracilo/efectos adversos , Glutamina/farmacología , Mucositis/inducido químicamente , Mucositis/tratamiento farmacológico , Mucositis/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Ratones Endogámicos ICR , Masculino , Receptor Toll-Like 4/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Disbiosis/inducido químicamente , Disbiosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratones , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/metabolismo , Antimetabolitos Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Hemo-Oxigenasa 1/metabolismo
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 329: 118178, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604511

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Licorice is widely used clinically as one of the most famous traditional Chinese herbs. Its herb roasted with honey is called honey-processed licorice (HPL). Modern studies have shown that HPL has a stronger cardioprotective ability compared to raw licorice (RL), however the material basis and mechanism of action of the potential cardioprotection have not been fully elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To screen and validate the material basis of cardioprotection exerted by HPL and to preliminarily predict the potential mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS was used to analyze HPL samples with different processing levels, and differential compounds were screened out through principal component analysis. Network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to explore the association between differential compounds and doxorubicin cardiomyopathy and their mechanisms of action were predicted. An in vitro model was established to verify the cardioprotective effects of differential compounds. RESULTS: Six differential compounds were screened as key components of HPL for potential cardioprotection. Based on network pharmacology, 113 potential important targets for the treatment of Dox-induced cardiotoxicity were screened. KEGG enrichment analysis predicted that the PI3K-Akt pathway was closely related to the mechanism of action of active ingredients. Molecular docking results showed that the six differential compounds all had good binding activity with Nrf2 protein. In addition, in vitro experiments had shown that five of the active ingredients (liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, and licochalcone A) can significantly increase Dox-induced H9c2 cell viability, SOD activity, and mitochondrial membrane potential, significantly reduces MDA levels and inhibits ROS generation. CONCLUSION: Liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin and licochalcone A are key components of HPL with potential cardioprotective capabilities. Five active ingredients can alleviate Dox-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage.


Asunto(s)
Doxorrubicina , Miel , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Miocitos Cardíacos , Farmacología en Red , Doxorrubicina/toxicidad , Animales , Miocitos Cardíacos/efectos de los fármacos , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ratas , Chalconas/farmacología , Chalconas/aislamiento & purificación , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/química , Cardiotónicos/farmacología , Cardiotónicos/aislamiento & purificación , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Flavanonas/farmacología , Flavanonas/aislamiento & purificación , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Línea Celular , Cardiotoxicidad/prevención & control , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Glucósidos
6.
Fitoterapia ; 175: 105940, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565382

RESUMEN

This study aims to clarify the specific anti-fatigue components of Schizophyllum commune (S.commune) and analyze its potential anti-fatigue mechanism. The main anti-fatigue active ingredient of S.commune was locked in n-butanol extract (SPE-n) by activity evaluation. Twelve compounds were identified by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). The anti-fatigue effect of morusin is the most predominant among these 12 ingredients. The determination of biochemical indices showed that morusin could increase liver glycogen reserves, improve the activity of antioxidant enzymes in liver, and reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS) content in muscle tissue, thereby reducing myocyte damage. Further studies revealed that morusin could reduce the level of oxidative stress by activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathway, thus alleviating the fatigue of mice caused by exhaustive exercise. The current findings provide a theoretical basis for the development of natural anti-fatigue functional food.


Asunto(s)
Fatiga , Schizophyllum , Animales , Ratones , Fatiga/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Hígado/efectos de los fármacos , Estructura Molecular , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/aislamiento & purificación , Hemo-Oxigenasa 1/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético , Fitoquímicos/farmacología , Fitoquímicos/aislamiento & purificación , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Proteínas de la Membrana , Animales no Consanguíneos
7.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155597, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643713

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction (SICD) is a serious complication of sepsis that is associated with increased mortality. Ferroptosis has been reported in the SICD. TaoHe ChengQi decoction (THCQD), a classical traditional Chinese medicinal formula, has multiple beneficial pharmacological effects. The potential effects of THCQD on the SICD remain unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of THCQD on SICD and explore whether this effect is related to the regulation of myocardial ferroptosis through nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation. METHODS: We induced sepsis in a mouse model using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and administered THCQD (2 and 4 g/kg) and dexamethasone (40 mg/kg). Mice mortality was recorded and survival curves were plotted. Echocardiography, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and analysis of serum myocardial injury markers and inflammatory factors were used to evaluate cardiac pathology. Myocardial ferroptosis was detected by quantifying specific biomarker content and protein levels. Through HPLC-Q-Exactive-MS analysis, we identified the components of the THCQD. Network pharmacology analysis and Cellular Thermal Shift Assay (CETSA) were utilized to predict the targets of THCQD for treating SICD. We detected the expression of Nrf2 using Western blotting or immunofluorescence. An RSL3-induced ferroptosis model was established using neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) to further explore the pharmacological mechanism of THCQD. In addition to measuring cell viability, we observed changes in NRCM mitochondria using electron microscopy and JC-1 staining. NRF2 inhibitor ML385 and Nrf2 knockout mice were used to validate whether THCQD exerted protective effects against SICD through Nrf2-mediated ferroptosis signaling. RESULTS: THCQD reduced mortality in septic mice, protected against CLP-induced myocardial injury, decreased systemic inflammatory response, and prevented myocardial ferroptosis. Network pharmacology analysis and CETSA experiments predicted that THCQD may protect against SICD by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway. Western blotting and immunofluorescence showed that THCQD activated Nrf2 in cardiac tissue. THCQDs consistently mitigated RSL3-induced ferroptosis in NRCM, which is related to Nrf2. Furthermore, the pharmacological inhibition of Nrf2 and genetic Nrf2 knockout partially reversed the protective effects of THCQD on SICD and ferroptosis. CONCLUSION: The effect of THCQD on SICD was achieved by activating Nrf2 and its downstream pathways.


Asunto(s)
Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ferroptosis , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , Sepsis , Animales , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/tratamiento farmacológico , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Ratones , Ratas , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Miocitos Cardíacos/efectos de los fármacos , Miocardio/metabolismo , Cardiopatías/tratamiento farmacológico , Cardiopatías/etiología , Farmacología en Red , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118205, 2024 Aug 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641079

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ginseng is a valuable herb in traditional Chinese medicine. Modern research has shown that it has various benefits, including tonifying vital energy, nourishing and strengthening the body, calming the mind, improving cognitive function, regulating fluids, and returning blood pressure, etc. Rg1 is a primary active component of ginseng. It protects hippocampal neurons, improves synaptic plasticity, enhances cognitive function, and boosts immunity. Furthermore, it exhibits anti-aging and anti-fatigue properties and holds great potential for preventing and managing neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs). AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study was to examine the role of Rg1 in treating chronic inflammatory NDDs and its molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo, we investigated the protective effects of Rg1 against chronic neuroinflammation and cognitive deficits in mice induced by 200 µg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 21 days using behavioral tests, pathological sections, Western blot, qPCR and immunostaining. In vitro experiments involved the stimulation of HT22 cells with 10 µg/ml of LPS, verification of the therapeutic effect of Rg1, and elucidation of its potential mechanism of action using H2DCFDA staining, BODIPY™ 581/591 C11, JC-1 staining, Western blot, and immunostaining. RESULTS: Firstly, it was found that Rg1 significantly improved chronic LPS-induced behavioral and cognitive dysfunction in mice. Further studies showed that Rg1 significantly attenuated LPS-induced neuronal damage by reducing levels of IL-6, IL-1ß and ROS, and inhibiting AIM2 inflammasome. Furthermore, chronic LPS exposure induced the onset of neuronal ferroptosis by increasing the lipid peroxidation product MDA and regulating the ferroptosis-associated proteins Gpx4, xCT, FSP1, DMT1 and TfR, which were reversed by Rg1 treatment. Additionally, Rg1 was found to activate Nrf2 and its downstream antioxidant enzymes, such as HO1 and NQO1, both in vivo and in vitro. In vitro studies also showed that the Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 could inhibit the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-ferroptosis effects of Rg1. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that Rg1 administration ameliorated chronic LPS-induced cognitive deficits and neuronal ferroptosis in mice by inhibiting neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. The underlying mechanisms may be related to the inhibition of AIM2 inflammasome and activation of Nrf2 signaling. These findings provide valuable insights into the treatment of chronic neuroinflammation and associated NDDs.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva , Ferroptosis , Ginsenósidos , Neuronas , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Masculino , Ratones , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Línea Celular , Disfunción Cognitiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Disfunción Cognitiva/metabolismo , Proteínas de Unión al ADN , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/toxicidad , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias/metabolismo , Neuronas/efectos de los fármacos , Neuronas/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/farmacología , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/uso terapéutico , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1064-1072, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621913

RESUMEN

This article explored the mechanism by which ginsenoside Re reduces hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R) injury in H9c2 cells by regulating mitochondrial biogenesis through nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1)/peroxisome prolife-rator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α(PGC-1α) pathway. In this study, H9c2 cells were cultured in hypoxia for 4 hours and then reoxygenated for 2 hours to construct a cardiomyocyte H/R injury model. After ginsenoside Re pre-administration intervention, cell activity, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity, malondialdehyde(MDA) content, intracellular reactive oxygen species(Cyto-ROS), and intramitochondrial reactive oxygen species(Mito-ROS) levels were detected to evaluate the protective effect of ginsenoside Re on H/R injury of H9c2 cells by resisting oxidative stress. Secondly, fluorescent probes were used to detect changes in mitochondrial membrane potential(ΔΨ_m) and mitochondrial membrane permeability open pore(mPTP), and immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression level of TOM20 to study the protective effect of ginsenoside Re on mitochondria. Western blot was further used to detect the protein expression levels of caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, Cyto C, Nrf2, HO-1, and PGC-1α to explore the specific mechanism by which ginsenoside Re protected mitochondria against oxidative stress and reduced H/R injury. Compared with the model group, ginse-noside Re effectively reduced the H/R injury oxidative stress response of H9c2 cells, increased SOD activity, reduced MDA content, and decreased Cyto-ROS and Mito-ROS levels in cells. Ginsenoside Re showed a good protective effect on mitochondria by increasing ΔΨ_m, reducing mPTP, and increasing TOM20 expression. Further studies showed that ginsenoside Re promoted the expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and PGC-1α proteins, and reduced the activation of the apoptosis-related regulatory factor caspase-3 to cleaved caspase-3 and the expression of Cyto C protein. In summary, ginsenoside Re can significantly reduce I/R injury in H9c2 cells. The specific mechanism is related to the promotion of mitochondrial biogenesis through the Nrf2/HO-1/PGC-1α pathway, thereby increasing the number of mitochondria, improving mitochondrial function, enhancing the ability of cells to resist oxidative stress, and alleviating cell apoptosis.


Asunto(s)
Ginsenósidos , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , Biogénesis de Organelos , Humanos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Caspasa 3/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Estrés Oxidativo , Hipoxia , Miocitos Cardíacos , Apoptosis , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1611-1620, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621946

RESUMEN

This study investigated the protective effect of tanshinone Ⅱ_A(TSⅡ_A) on the liver in the rat model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and the mechanism of TSⅡ_A in regulating ferroptosis via the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2) signaling pathway. The rat model of NAFLD was established with a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. The successfully modeled rats were assigned into model group, low-and high-dose TSⅡ_A groups, and inhibitor group, and normal control group was set. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to determine the content of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and malondialdehyde(MDA) in the serum of rats in each group. A biochemical analyzer was used to measure the content of aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alaninl aminotransferase(ALT), total cholesterol(TC), and triglycerides(TG). Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to detect pathological damage in liver tissue. Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling(TUNEL) was employed to examine the apoptosis of the liver tissue. Oil red O staining, MitoSOX staining, and Prussian blue staining were conducted to reveal lipid deposition, the content of reactive oxygen species(ROS), and iron deposition in liver tissue. Western blot was employed to determine the expression of Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1(HO-1), glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), ferroptosis suppressor protein 1(FSP1), B cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2 associated X protein(Bax) in the liver tissue. The result showed that TSⅡ_A significantly reduced the content of MDA, AST, ALT, TC, and TG in the serum, increased the activity of SOD, decreased the apoptosis rate, lipid deposition, ROS, and iron deposition in the liver tissue, up-regulated the expression of Nrf2, HO-1, FSP1, GPX, and Bcl-2, and inhibited the expression of Bax in the liver tissue of NAFLD rats. However, ML385 partially reversed the protective effect of TSⅡ_A on the liver tissue. In conclusion, TSⅡ_A could inhibit ferroptosis in the hepatocytes and decrease the ROS and lipid accumulation in the liver tissue of NAFLD rats by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Abietanos , Ferroptosis , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Ratas , Animales , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/genética , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Hígado , Transducción de Señal , Triglicéridos/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo , Hierro/metabolismo
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1310-1317, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621978

RESUMEN

This study investigated the effect of Erchen Decoction(ECD) on the prevention of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH) in mice and explored its possible mechanism, so as to provide scientific data for the clinical application of ECD in the prevention of NASH. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into normal group(methionine and choline supplement, MCS), model group(methionine and choline deficient, MCD), low-dose ECD group(ECD_L, 6 g·kg~(-1)), medium-dose ECD group(ECD_M, 12 g·kg~(-1)), and high-dose ECD group(ECD_H, 24 g·kg~(-1)), with eight mice in each group. The MCS group was fed with an MCS diet, and the other groups were fed with an MCD diet. The mice in each group were given corresponding diets, but the drug intervention group was given low-, medium-, and high-dose ECD(10 mL·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) by intragastric administration for six weeks on the basis of MCD diet feeding, and the mice could eat and drink freely during the whole experiment. At the end of the experiment, mice were fasted overnight(12 h) and were anesthetized with 20% urethane. Thereafter, the blood and liver tissue were collected. The serum was used to detect the levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransaminase(AST), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). Liver tissue was processed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and used for hepatic histological analysis and detection of the expression levels of genes and proteins related to nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/glutathione peroxidase 4(Nrf2/GPX4) pathway by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and Western blot analysis, respectively. The results showed that compared with the MCS group, the MCD group showed higher serum ALT and AST levels; the HE staining exhibited fat vacuoles and obvious inflammatory cell infiltration in liver tissue; serum IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were significantly increased, and the serum IL-10 level was significantly decreased. The mRNA expressions of fatty acid synthase(FASN), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1), and IL-1ß in liver tissue were significantly up-regulated, while those of GPX4, Nrf2, and NAD(P)H:quinine oxidoreductase(NQO1) were significantly down-regulated. Compared with the MCD group, the serum ALT and AST levels of ECD_M and ECD_H groups were significantly decreased, and the AST level in the ECD_L group was significantly decreased. The number of fat vacuoles and the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration in liver tissue were improved; serum IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α levels were significantly decreased, but the serum IL-10 level was significantly increased only in the ECD_H group. The mRNA expressions of FASN, MCP-1, and IL-1ß in liver tissue were significantly down-regulated, and those of GPX4 and NQO1 were significantly up-regulated. The mRNA expressions of Nrf2 in ECD_M and ECD_H groups were significantly up-regulated. Western blot results showed that compared with the MCD group, the protein expression levels of Nrf2 and GPX4 in each group were significantly increased after ECD administration, and the protein expression level of FASN was significantly decreased; the protein expression of NQO1 was increased in ECD_M and ECD_H groups. In summary, ECD can reduce hepatic lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, liver inflammation, and liver injury in NASH mice, which may be related to the activation of the Nrf2/GPX4 pathway.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Ratones , Masculino , Animales , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/etiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/genética , Metionina/metabolismo , Metionina/farmacología , Interleucina-10/genética , Colina/metabolismo , Colina/farmacología , Colina/uso terapéutico , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Hígado , Racemetionina/metabolismo , Racemetionina/farmacología , Dieta , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118214, 2024 Aug 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641076

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ferroptosis, a recently identified non-apoptotic form of cell death reliant on iron, is distinguished by an escalation in lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are iron-dependent. This phenomenon has a strong correlation with irregularities in iron metabolism and lipid peroxidation. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (DS), a medicinal herb frequently utilized in China, is highly esteemed for its therapeutic effectiveness in enhancing blood circulation and ameliorating blood stasis, particularly during the treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Numerous pharmacological studies have identified that DS manifests antioxidative stress effects as well as inhibits lipid peroxidation. However, ambiguity persists regarding the potential of DS to impede ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes and subsequently improve myocardial damage post-myocardial infarction (MI). AIM OF THE STUDY: The present work focused on investigating whether DS could be used to prevent the ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes and improve post-MI myocardial damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo experiments: Through ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, we constructed both a wild-type (WT) and NF-E2 p45-related factor 2 knockout (Nrf2-/-) mouse model of MI. Effects of DS and ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) on post-MI cardiomyocyte ferroptosis were examined through detecting ferroptosis and myocardial damage-related indicators as well as Nrf2 signaling-associated protein levels. In vitro experiments: Erastin was used for stimulating H9C2 cardiomyocytes to construct an in vitro ferroptosis cardiomyocyte model. Effects of DS and Fer-1 on cardiomyocyte ferroptosis were determined based on ferroptosis-related indicators and Nrf2 signaling-associated protein levels. Additionally, inhibitor and activator of Nrf2 were used for confirming the impact of Nrf2 signaling on DS's effect on cardiomyocyte ferroptosis. RESULTS: In vivo: In comparison to the model group, DS suppressed ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes post-MI and ameliorated myocardial damage by inducing Nrf2 signaling-related proteins (Nrf2, xCT, GPX4), diminishing tissue ferrous iron and malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Additionally, it enhanced glutathione (GSH) levels and total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, effects that are aligned with those of Fer-1. Moreover, the effect of DS on alleviating cardiomyocyte ferroptosis after MI could be partly inhibited through Nrf2 knockdown. In vitro: Compared with the erastin group, DS inhibited cardiomyocyte ferroptosis by promoting the expression of Nrf2 signaling-related proteins, reducing ferrous iron, ROS, and MDA levels, but increasing GSH content and SOD activity, consistent with the effect of Fer-1. Additionally, Nrf2 inhibition increased erastin-mediated ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes through decreasing Nrf2 signaling-related protein expressions. Co-treatment with DS and Nrf2 activator failed to further enhance the anti-ferroptosis effect of DS. CONCLUSION: MI is accompanied by cardiomyocyte ferroptosis, whose underlying mechanism is probably associated with Nrf2 signaling inhibition. DS possibly suppresses ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes and improves myocardial damage after MI through activating Nrf2 signaling.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Infarto del Miocardio , Miocitos Cardíacos , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Masculino , Ratones , Ratas , Línea Celular , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Ratones Noqueados , Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto del Miocardio/metabolismo , Infarto del Miocardio/patología , Miocitos Cardíacos/efectos de los fármacos , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miocitos Cardíacos/patología , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118139, 2024 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561058

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cortex fraxini (also known as Qinpi), the bark of Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance and Fraxinus stylosa Lingelsh, constitutes a crucial component in several traditional Chinese formulas (e.g., Baitouweng Tang, Jinxiao Formula, etc.) and has demonstrated efficacy in alleviating intestinal carbuncle and managing diarrhea. Cortex fraxini has demonstrated commendable anticancer activity in the realm of Chinese ethnopharmacology; nevertheless, the underlying mechanisms against colorectal cancer (CRC) remain elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: Esculin, an essential bioactive compound derived from cortex fraxini, has recently garnered attention for its ability to impede viability and induce apoptosis in cancer cells. This investigation aims to assess the therapeutic potential of esculin in treating CRC and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The impact of esculin on CRC cell viability was assessed using CCK-8 assay, Annexin V/PI staining, and Western blotting. Various cell death inhibitors, along with DCFH-DA, ELISA, biochemical analysis, and Western blotting, were employed to delineate the modes through which esculin induces HCT116 cells death. Inhibitors and siRNA knockdown were utilized to analyze the signaling pathways influenced by esculin. Additionally, an azomethane/dextran sulfate sodium (AOM/DSS)-induced in vivo CRC mouse model was employed to validate esculin's potential in inhibiting tumorigenesis and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Esculin significantly suppressed the viability of various CRC cell lines, particularly HCT116 cells. Investigation with diverse cell death inhibitors revealed that esculin-induced cell death was associated with both apoptosis and ferroptosis. Furthermore, esculin treatment triggered cellular lipid peroxidation, as evidenced by elevated levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and decreased levels of glutathione (GSH), indicative of its propensity to induce ferroptosis in HCT116 cells. Enhanced protein levels of protein kinase R (PKR)-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and p-eIF2α suggested that esculin induced cellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, subsequently activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway and initiating the transcriptional expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. Esculin-induced excessive expression of HO-1 could potentially lead to iron overload in HCT116 cells. Knockdown of Ho-1 significantly attenuated esculin-induced ferroptosis, underscoring HO-1 as a critical mediator of esculin-induced ferroptosis in HCT116 cells. Furthermore, utilizing an AOM/DSS-induced colorectal cancer mouse model, we validated that esculin potentially inhibits the onset and progression of colon cancer by inducing apoptosis and ferroptosis in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide comprehensive insights into the dual induction of apoptosis and ferroptosis in HCT116 cells by esculin. The activation of the PERK signaling pathway, along with modulation of downstream eIF2α/CHOP and Nrf2/HO-1 cascades, underscores the mechanistic basis supporting the clinical application of esculin on CRC treatment.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias del Colon , Ferroptosis , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Esculina , Apoptosis , Células HCT116 , Estrés del Retículo Endoplásmico
14.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38543018

RESUMEN

Que Zui tea (QT) is an important herbal tea in the diet of the 'Yi' people, an ethnic group in China, and it has shown significant antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective effects in vitro. This study aims to explore the protective effects of the aqueous-ethanol extract (QE) taken from QT against ᴅ-galactose (ᴅ-gal)-induced oxidative stress damage in mice and its potential mechanisms. QE was identified as UHPLC-HRMS/MS for its chemical composition and possible bioactive substances. Thus, QE is rich in phenolic and flavonoid compounds. Twelve compounds were identified, the main components of which were chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and 6'-O-caffeoylarbutin. Histopathological and biochemical analysis revealed that QE significantly alleviated brain, liver, and kidney damage in ᴅ-gal-treated mice. Moreover, QE remarkably attenuated oxidative stress by activating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway to increase the expression of antioxidant indexes, including GSH, GSH-Px, CAT, SOD, and T-AOC. In addition, QE administration could inhibit the IL-1ß and IL-6 levels, which suppress the inflammatory response. QE could noticeably alleviate apoptosis by inhibiting the expressions of Caspase-3 and Bax proteins in the brains, livers, and kidneys of mice. The anti-apoptosis mechanism may be related to the upregulation of the SIRT1 protein and the downregulation of the p53 protein induced by QE in the brain, liver, and kidney tissues of mice. Molecular docking analysis demonstrated that the main components of QE, 6'-O-caffeoylarbutin, chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and robustaside A, had good binding ability with Nrf2 and SIRT1 proteins. The present study indicated that QE could alleviate ᴅ-gal-induced brain, liver and kidney damage in mice by inhibiting the oxidative stress and cell apoptosis; additionally, the potential mechanism may be associated with the SIRT1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Arbutina/análogos & derivados , Ácidos Cafeicos , Galactosa , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Galactosa/efectos adversos , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Sirtuina 1/metabolismo , Ácido Clorogénico/farmacología , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Ácido Quínico/farmacología , Estrés Oxidativo , Transducción de Señal ,
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 117983, 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432578

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ding-Chuan-Tang (Abbreviated as DCT) is frequently prescribed for treatment of respiratory diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized by coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the potential mechanism of DCT has not been investigated. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of the study is to explore the efficiency of DCT in the treatment of COPD in vivo and in vitro, and to illustrate the possible mechanism against COPD. METHODS: COPD model was induced by exposure of mice to cigarette smoke (CS) for 16 weeks. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunofluorescence assay, Western blot, etc., were used to explore the efficiency and mechanisms of DCT. Network pharmacology analysis, including Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, etc., was performed to explore the potential targets in the treatment of DCT on COPD. RESULTS: DCT significantly alleviated pulmonary pathological changes in mouse COPD model, and inhibited inflammatory response induced by CS and LPS in vivo and in vitro. Network pharmacology analysis suggested that DCT alleviated COPD via inhibiting inflammation by regulating PI3K-AKT pathway. In cell-based models, DCT suppressed the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT, which further regulated its downstream targets Nrf2 and NF-κB, and inhibited inflammatory response. CONCLUSIONS: DCT effectively attenuated COPD in the mouse model induced by CS. The therapeutic mechanism of DCT against COPD was closely associated with the regulation of PI3K-AKT pathway and its downstream transcription factors, Nrf2 and NF-κB.


Asunto(s)
FN-kappa B , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Ratones , Animales , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Farmacología en Red , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/metabolismo
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118009, 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447617

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, cholestasis belongs to category of jaundice. Artemisia capillaris Thunb. has been widely used for the treatment of jaundice in TCM. The polysaccharides are the one of main active components of the herb, but its effects on cholestasis remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Artemisia capillaris Thunb. polysaccharide (APS) on cholestasis and liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The amelioration of APS on cholestasis was evaluated in an alpha-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced mice model. Then nuclear Nrf2 knockout mice, mass spectrometry, 16s rDNA sequencing, metabolomics, and molecular biotechnology methods were used to elucidate the associated mechanisms of APS against cholestatic liver injury. RESULTS: Treatment with low and high doses of APS markedly decreased cholestatic liver injury of mice. Mechanistically, APS promoted nuclear translocation of hepatic nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2), upregulated downstream bile acid (BA) efflux transporters and detoxifying enzymes expression, improved BA homeostasis, and attenuated oxidative liver injury; however, these effects were annulled in Nrf2 knock-out mice. Furthermore, APS ameliorated the microbiota dysbiosis of cholestatic mice and selectively increased short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria growth. Fecal microbiota transplantation of APS also promoted hepatic Nrf2 activation, increased BA efflux transporters and detoxifying enzymes expression, ameliorated intrahepatic BA accumulation and cholestatic liver injury. Non-targeted metabolomics and in vitro microbiota culture confirmed that APS significantly increased the production of a microbiota-derived SCFA (butyric acid), which is also able to upregulate Nrf2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that APS can ameliorate cholestasis by modulating gut microbiota and activating the Nrf2 pathway, representing a novel therapeutic approach for cholestatic liver disease.


Asunto(s)
Artemisia , Colestasis , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ictericia , Ratones , Animales , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Hígado , Colestasis/inducido químicamente , Transducción de Señal , Ictericia/metabolismo , Ácidos y Sales Biliares/metabolismo
17.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38543011

RESUMEN

Artemisia japonica Thunb. has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and a vegetable for thousands of years in China. However, there are few reports on the chemical composition and biological activity of its leaves. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of water extracts of A. japonica leaves and their underlying mechanisms. A total of 48 compounds were identified in the water extract using UPLC-QTOF-MS2 analysis, with phenolic acids, particularly chlorogenic acid compounds, being the predominant components. The ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) contained most of the total phenolic content (385.4217 mg GAE/g) and displayed superior antioxidant capacity with the IC50DPPH•, IC50ABTS•+, and OD0.5reducing power at 10.987 µg/mL, 43.630 µg/mL and 26.883 µg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, EAF demonstrated potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells by upregulating the Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway. These findings highlight that A. japonica leaves possess remarkable abilities to mitigate inflammation and oxidative stress, suggesting their potential utilization as medicinal agents and food additives for promoting human health.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Artemisia , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Artemisia/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Estrés Oxidativo , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Agua/farmacología , Células RAW 264.7
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473759

RESUMEN

Osteoarthritis (OA) causes joint pain and disability due to the abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in chondrocytes, leading to cell death and cartilage matrix destruction. Selenium (Se) intake can protect cells against oxidative damage. It is still unknown whether Se supplementation is beneficial for OA. This study investigated the effects of Se on sodium iodoacetate (MIA)-imitated OA progress in human chondrocyte cell line (SW1353 cells) and rats. The results showed that 0.3 µM of Se treatment could protect SW1353 cells from MIA-induced damage by the Nrf2 pathway by promoting the gene expression of glutathione-synthesis-related enzymes such as the glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit, the glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit, and glutathione synthetase. In addition, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase expressions are also elevated to eliminate excessive ROS production. Moreover, Se could downregulate NF-κB, leading to a decrease in cytokines, matrix proteases, and glycosaminoglycans. In the rats, MIA-induced cartilage loss was lessened after 2 weeks of Se supplementation by oral gavage; meanwhile, glutathione synthesis was increased, and the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were decreased. These results suggest that Se intake is beneficial for OA due to its effects of decreasing cartilage loss by enhancing antioxidant capacity and reducing inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Cartílago Articular , Osteoartritis , Selenio , Humanos , Ratas , Animales , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Condrocitos/metabolismo , Selenio/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligasa/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Osteoartritis/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glutatión/metabolismo , Cartílago Articular/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473792

RESUMEN

Lindera erythrocarpa, a flowering plant native to eastern Asia, has been reported to have neuroprotective activity. However, reports on the specific bioactive compounds in L. erythrocarpa are finite. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-neuroinflammatory and neuroprotective effects of the compounds isolated from L. erythrocarpa. Dihydropashanone, a compound isolated from L. erythrocarpa extract, was found to have protected mouse hippocampus HT22 cells from glutamate-induced cell death. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of dihydropashanone in mouse microglial BV2 and HT22 cells were explored in this study. The results reveal that dihydropashanone inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response and suppresses the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB in BV2 cells. In addition, dihydropashanone reduced the buildup of reactive oxygen species in HT22 cells and induced activation of the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase (HO)-1 signaling pathway in BV2 and HT22 cells. Our results suggest that dihydropashanone reduces neuroinflammation by decreasing NF-κB activation in microglia cells and protects neurons from oxidative stress via the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. Thus, our data suggest that dihydropashanone offers a broad range of applications in the treatment of neurodegenerative illnesses.


Asunto(s)
Lindera , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Ratones , Animales , Lindera/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , FN-kappa B/metabolismo
20.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298529, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483863

RESUMEN

Salidroside (SAL) is a phenol glycoside compound found in plants of the Rhodiola genus which has natural antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. SAL are able to protect against manganese-induced ototoxicity. However, the molecular mechanism by which SAL reduces levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is unclear. Here, we established an in vitro gentamicin (GM) ototoxicity model to observe the protective effect of SAL on GM-induced hair cells (HC) damage. Cochlear explants of postnatal day 4 rats were obtained and randomly divided into six groups: two model groups (treatment with 0.2 mM or 0.4 mM GM for 24 h); two 400 µmol/L SAL-pretreated groups pretreatment with SAL for 3 h followed by GM treatment (0.2 mM or 0.4 mM) for 24 h; 400 µmol/L SAL group (treatment with SAL for 24 h); control group (normal cultured cochlear explants). The protective effects of SAL on GM-induced HC damage, and on mRNA and protein levels of antioxidant enzymes were observed. HC loss occurred after 24 h of GM treatment. Pretreatment with SAL significantly reduced GM-induced OHC loss. In cochlear tissues, mRNA and protein levels of NRF2 and HO-1 were enhanced in the GM alone group compared with the SAL pretreatment GM treatment group. SAL may protect against GM-induced ototoxicity by regulating the antioxidant defense system of cochlear tissues; SAL can activate NRF2/HO-1 signaling, inhibit NF-κB activation, activate AKT, and increase inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK3ß to decrease GSK3 activity, all of which exert antioxidant effects.


Asunto(s)
Gentamicinas , Glucósidos , Ototoxicidad , Ratas , Animales , Gentamicinas/toxicidad , Gentamicinas/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3/metabolismo , Células Ciliadas Auditivas , Cóclea/metabolismo , Fenoles/farmacología , Fenoles/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
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