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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18302, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652115

RESUMEN

The evolving landscape of personalized medicine necessitates a shift from traditional therapeutic interventions towards precision-driven approaches. Embracing this paradigm, our research probes the therapeutic efficacy of the aqueous crude extract (ACE) of Calocybe indica in cervical cancer treatment, merging botanical insights with advanced molecular research. We observed that ACE exerts significant influences on nuclear morphology and cell cycle modulation, further inducing early apoptosis and showcasing prebiotic attributes. Characterization of ACE have identified several phytochemicals including significant presence of octadeconoic acid. Simultaneously, utilizing advanced Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations, we deciphered the intricate molecular interactions between Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Octadecanoic acid to establish C.indica's role as an anticancer agent. Our study delineates Octadecanoic acid's potential as a robust binding partner for VEGF, with comprehensive analyses from RMSD and RMSF profiles highlighting the stability and adaptability of the protein-ligand interactions. Further in-depth thermodynamic explorations via MM-GBSA calculations reveal the binding landscape of the VEGF-Octadecanoic acid complex. Emerging therapeutic innovations, encompassing proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) and avant-garde nanocarriers, are discussed in the context of their synergy with compounds like Calocybe indica P&C. This convergence underscores the profound therapeutic potential awaiting clinical exploration. This study offers a holistic perspective on the promising therapeutic avenues facilitated by C. indica against cervical cancer, intricately woven with advanced molecular interactions and the prospective integration of precision therapeutics in modern oncology.


Asunto(s)
Simulación de Dinámica Molecular , Extractos Vegetales , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/metabolismo , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/patología , Humanos , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Femenino , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Medicina de Precisión/métodos , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular Tumoral , Unión Proteica , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1602-1610, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621945

RESUMEN

This study explored the mechanism of the ultrafiltration extract of Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Hedysari Radix in ameliorating renal fibrosis in the rat model of diabetic kidney disease(DKD) based on the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and HIF-1α/platelet-derived growth factor(PDGF)/platelet-derived growth factor receptor(PDGFR) signaling pathways in the DKD rats. After 1 week of adaptive feeding, 50 male SPF-grade Wistar rats were randomized into a blank group(n=7) and a modeling group. After 24 h of fasting, the rats in the modeling group were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin and fed with a high-sugar and high-fat diet to establish a DKD model. After modeling, the rats were randomly assigned into model(n=7), low-dose ultrafiltration extract(n=7), medium-dose ultrafiltration extract(n=7), irbesartan(n=8), and high-dose ultrafiltration extract(n=8) groups. After intervention by corresponding drugs for 12 weeks, the general conditions of the rats were observed. The body weights and blood glucose levels of the rats were measured weekly, and the 24 h urinary protein(24hUP) was measured at the 6th and 12th weeks of drug administration. After the last drug administration, the renal function indicators were determined. Masson staining was employed to observe the pathological changes of the renal tissue. The expression of prolyl hydroxylase domain 2(PHD2) and HIF-1α in the renal tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC). Real-time qPCR was employed to determine the mRNA levels of PHD2, VEGF, PDGF, and PDGFR in the renal tissue. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of HIF-1α, VEGF, PDGF, and PDGFR in the renal tissue. The results showed that compared with the model group, drug administration lowered the levels of glycosylated serum protein(GSP), aerum creatinine(Scr), and blood urea nitrogen(BUN) in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.05 or P<0.01) and mitigated the pathological changes in the renal tissue. Furthermore, drug administration up-regulated mRNA level of PHD2(P<0.05 or P<0.01), down-regulated the mRNA levels of VEGF, PDGF, and PDGFR(P<0.05 or P<0.01) and the protein levels of HIF-1α, VEGF, PDGF, and PDGFR(P<0.01) in the renal tissue, and increased the rate of PHD2-positive cells(P<0.01). In conclusion, the ultrafiltration extract of Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Hedysari Radix effectively alleviated the renal fibrosis in DKD rats by inhibiting the expression of key proteins in the HIF-1α signaling pathway mediated by renal hypoxia and reducing extracellular matrix(ECM) deposition.


Asunto(s)
Nefropatías Diabéticas , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Ultrafiltración , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia/genética , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia/metabolismo , Isquemia , Nefropatías Diabéticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Nefropatías Diabéticas/genética , Fibrosis , Hipoxia , Transducción de Señal , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
3.
Acta Cir Bras ; 39: e391524, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629649

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-related complication. Eucommia is effective in the treatment of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, but the specific effects and possible mechanisms of Eucommia granules (EG) in PE remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of EG in PE rats. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five groups (n = 6): the control group, the model group, the low-dose group, the medium-dose group, and the high-dose group of EG. The PE model was established by subcutaneous injection of levonitroarginine methyl ester. Saline was given to the blank and model groups, and the Eucommia granules were given by gavage to the remaining groups. Blood pressure and urinary protein were detected. The body length and weight of the pups and the weight of the placenta were recorded. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), placental growth factor (PIGF), and soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sFIt-1) were measured in the placenta. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related protein expression was detected using Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the model group, the PE rats treated with EG had lower blood pressure and urinary protein. The length and weight of the pups and placental weight were increased. Inflammation and necrosis in the placental tissue was improved. SOD level increased, MDA content and sFIt-1/PIGF ratio decreased, and Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related protein expression level increased. Moreover, the results of EG on PE rats increased with higher doses of EG. CONCLUSIONS: EG may activate the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and inhibit oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular endothelial injury in PE rats, thereby improving the perinatal prognosis of preeclamptic rats. EG may inhibit oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular endothelial injury through activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in preeclampsia rats, thereby improving perinatal outcomes in PE rats.


Asunto(s)
Preeclampsia , Complicaciones del Embarazo , Humanos , Ratas , Femenino , Embarazo , Animales , Preeclampsia/tratamiento farmacológico , Preeclampsia/metabolismo , Preeclampsia/patología , Placenta , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento Placentario/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento Placentario/farmacología , Factor de Crecimiento Placentario/uso terapéutico , Estrés Oxidativo , Complicaciones del Embarazo/metabolismo , Inflamación/patología , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo
4.
Spinal Cord Ser Cases ; 10(1): 16, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570486

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: NeuroAiD (MLC601 & MLC901)'s neuroprotective capabilities include limiting exaggerated calcium influx, decreasing excitotoxicity, reducing oxidative stress, and preventing glutamate-induced cell death. It has also been shown to facilitate synaptogenesis, neurogenesis, and neuroplasticity. However, its clinical efficacy has primarily been studied in the context of brain injuries, particularly stroke. NeuroAiD's potential application in SCI remains largely untapped. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old male presented with C4 complete tetraplegia. Following surgical decompression and initial inpatient rehabilitation, he started consuming MLC901 two capsules three times daily at month 4 post injury for 6 months. He regained considerable neurological recovery following the supplementation. Apart from the improvement in the neurological level of injury, the patient exhibited motor recovery beyond the initial zone of partial preservation up to 24 months post injury. DISCUSSION: Our findings align with a recent animal study demonstrating MLC901's potential to downregulate Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), a molecule known to increase vascular permeability and exacerbate tissue edema and infarction. In another animal study involving stroke-affected mice, MLC901 demonstrates the ability to promote neurological recovery by regulating the expression of proteins mediating angiogenesis, such as hypoxic inducible factor 1α, erythropoietin, angiopoietins 1 and 2, as well as VEGF. The anecdotal findings from this case report offer preliminary insights into NeuroAiD's potential in facilitating recovery during post-acute and chronic phases of severe SCI, necessitating further exploration.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Masculino , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Adulto , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal/complicaciones , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología
5.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664033

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the effect of salvia miltiorrhiza combined with roxadustat on wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats and its mechanism. Methods: This study was an experimental study. Twenty male 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were used to successfully establish diabetic model, then full-thickness skin defect wounds on their backs were made. The rats were divided into normal saline group, roxadustat alone group, salvia miltiorrhiza alone group, and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group according to the random number table, with 5 rats in each group. Immediately after injury, the rats in normal saline group were given 5 mL normal saline by gavage, the rats in roxadustat alone group were given 1.5 mg/mL roxadustat suspension by gavage at 25 mg/kg, the rats in salvia miltiorrhiza alone group were given 18 mg/mL salvia miltiorrhiza suspension by gavage at 300 mg/kg, and the rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were given 19.5 mg/mL roxadustat and salvia miltiorrhiza suspension at roxadustat 25 mg/kg and salvia miltiorrhiza 300 mg/kg. All were administered once a day for 2 weeks. The wounds at 0 (immediately), 4, 8, and 12 d after injury were observed, and the wound healing rates at 4, 8, and 12 d after injury were calculated (n=5). At 14 d after injury, abdominal aortic blood was collected, and hemoglobin, red cell count, and white blood cell count were detected (n=5). The wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining to observe inflammatory infiltration, skin tissue structure, and neovascularization, for Masson staining to observe the proportion of collagen fiber (n=3), for Western blotting to detect the protein expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), CD31, interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and IL-1ß (n=3), and for immunohistochemical staining to determine the protein expression levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), with sample number of 3. Results: From 0 to 12 d after injury, the wound areas of rats in 4 groups were gradually decreased. At 4 d after injury, the wound healing rates of rats in salvia miltiorrhiza alone group and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly higher than those in normal saline group and roxadustat alone group (P<0.05). At 8 d after injury, the wound healing rates of rats in roxadustat alone group and salvia miltiorrhiza alone group were significantly higher than the rate in normal saline group (P<0.05), and the wound healing rate of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly higher than the rates in the other 3 groups (with P values all <0.05). At 12 d after injury, the wound healing rates of rats in roxadustat alone group, salvia miltiorrhiza alone group, and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly higher than the rate in normal saline group (P<0.05). At 14 d after injury, there were no statistically significant differences in the hemoglobin or red blood cell count of rats in 4 groups (P<0.05). The white blood cell count of rats in roxadustat alone group, salvia miltiorrhiza alone group, and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were respectively (24.3±1.2)×109/L, (26.3±2.4)×109/L, and (15.0±0.7)×109/L, which were significantly lower than (33.8±2.7)×109/L in normal saline group (P<0.05); the white blood cell count of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly lower than that in roxadustat alone group and salvia miltiorrhiza alone group (with P values both <0.05). At 14 d after injury, a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration, disordered skin tissue structure, and few new blood vessels were observed in the wounds of rats in normal saline group; while a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, tight skin tissue structure, and rich neovascularization were observed in the wounds of rats in the other 3 groups. There were no statistically significant differences in the proportion of collagen fiber of wounds in rats among the 4 groups (P>0.05). At 14 d after injury, the protein expression levels of VEGF and CD31 in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat alone group, salvia miltiorrhiza alone group, and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly higher than those in normal saline group (P<0.05), the protein expression level of CD31 in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly higher than the levels in roxadustat alone group and salvia miltiorrhiza alone group (with P values both <0.05). At 14 d after injury, the protein expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1ß in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat alone group, salvia miltiorrhiza alone group, and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly lower than those in normal saline group (P<0.05); the protein expression levels of IL-6 and IL-1ß in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly lower than those in roxadustat alone group and salvia miltiorrhiza alone group (P<0.05); the protein expression level of TNF-α in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly lower than that in salvia miltiorrhiza alone group (P<0.05). At 14 d after injury, the protein expression level of EGFR in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly higher than the levels in the other 3 groups (with P values all <0.05); the protein expression levels of HIF-1α in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat alone group and roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group were significantly higher than the level in normal saline group (P<0.05), and the protein expression level of HIF-1α in the wound tissue of rats in roxadustat+salvia miltiorrhiza group was significantly higher than that in salvia miltiorrhiza alone group (P<0.05); there were no statistically significant differences in the protein expression level of PCNA in the wound tissue of rats in 4 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: Roxadustat combined with salvia miltiorrhiza can promote the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats by promoting blood vessel regeneration and reducing inflammatory response.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Cicatrización de Heridas , Animales , Masculino , Ratas , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamiento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Interleucina-6/sangre , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Piel/efectos de los fármacos , Piel/lesiones , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/sangre , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos
6.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 42(4): 275-284, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536106

RESUMEN

Background: Impaired angiogenesis is a significant factor contributing to delayed healing in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) due to inadequate oxygenation. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the impact of photobiomodulation (PBM) using a Ga-As laser on the release of serum hypoxia-inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, and nitric oxide (NO) in diabetic patients with DFUs. Materials and methods: In this double-blind RCT, a total of 30 patients with grade II DFUs were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: the PBM (n = 15) and the placebo (n = 15). In the PBM group, a Ga-As laser (904 nm, 2 J/cm2, 90 W) was given for 3 days/week for 4 weeks (11 sessions). In the placebo group, the power was turned off. Both groups received similar standard wound care. Before and after interventions, the levels of serum HIF-1α, VEGF, NO, and sVEGFR-2 were measured. In addition, the percentage decrease in the wound surface area (%DWSA) was measured. Results: Following the intervention, the results revealed that the PBM group had significantly lower levels of VEGF than the placebo group (p = 0.005). The %DWSA was significantly higher in the PBM group compared to the placebo group (p = 0.003). Moreover, VEGF showed a significant negative correlation with %DWSA (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The observed decrease in serum levels of VEGF and an increase in %DWSA, compared to the placebo group, suggests that PBM effectively improves angiogenesis. Furthermore, the significant correlation found between VEGF levels and %DWSA emphasizes the importance of evaluating wound surface in patients as a dependable indicator of enhanced wound angiogenesis. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02452086.


Asunto(s)
Pie Diabético , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia , Terapia por Luz de Baja Intensidad , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Receptor 2 de Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Cicatrización de Heridas , Humanos , Pie Diabético/radioterapia , Pie Diabético/terapia , Pie Diabético/metabolismo , Masculino , Femenino , Método Doble Ciego , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/sangre , Receptor 2 de Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de la radiación , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia/metabolismo , Anciano , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/sangre
7.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298533, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536776

RESUMEN

An important cellular barrier to maintain the stability of the brain's internal and external environment is the blood-brain barrier (BBB). It also prevents harmful substances from entering brain tissue through blood circulation while providing protection for the central nervous system. It should be noted, however, that the intact BBB can be a barrier to the transport of most drugs into the brain via the conventional route of administration, which can prevent them from reaching effective concentrations for the treatment of disorders affecting the central nervous system. Electroacupuncture stimulation has been shown to be effective at opening the BBB in a series of experimental studies. This study systematically analyzes the possibility and mechanism by which electroacupuncture opens the BBB. In PubMed, Web of Science, VIP Database, Wanfang Database, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, papers have been published for nearly 22 years aimed at opening the BBB and its associated structures. A comparison of EB content between electroacupuncture and control was selected as the primary outcome. There were also results on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), nerve growth factor (NGF), P-Glycoprotein (P-gp), Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). We utilized Review Manager software analysis to analyze correlations between studies with a view to exploring the mechanisms of similarity. Evans Blue infiltration forest plot: pooled effect size of 2.04, 95% CI: 1.21 to 2.87, P < 0.01. These results indicate that electroacupuncture significantly increases EB penetration across the BBB. Most studies have reported that GFAP, MMP-9, and VEGF were upregulated after treatment. P-gp expression decreased as well. Electroacupuncture can open the BBB, and the sparse-dense wave is currently the most effective electroacupuncture frequency for opening the BBB. VEGF plays an important role in opening the BBB. It is also important to regulate the expression of MMP-9 and GFAP and inhibit the expression of P-gp.


Asunto(s)
Barrera Hematoencefálica , Electroacupuntura , Ratas , Animales , Barrera Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Metaloproteinasa 9 de la Matriz/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Miembro 1 de la Subfamilia B de Casetes de Unión a ATP/metabolismo , Subfamilia B de Transportador de Casetes de Unión a ATP/metabolismo , Permeabilidad
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118062, 2024 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492790

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort (LCH), with the accepted name of Ligusticum striatum DC in "The Plant List" database, is a widely used ethnomedicine in treating ischemic stroke, and borneol (BO) is usually prescribed with LCH for better therapy. Our previous study confirmed their synergistic effect on neurogenesis against cerebral ischemia. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: More and more evidence indicated that astrocytes (ACs) might be involved in the modulation of neurogenesis via polarization reaction. The study was designed to explore the synergic mechanism between LCH and BO in promoting astrocyte-mediated neurogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After primary cultures and identifications of ACs and neural stem cells (NSCs), the oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model and the concentrations of LCH and BO were optimized. After the OGD-injured ACs were treated by LCH, BO, and their combination, the conditioned mediums were used to culture the OGD-injured NSCs. The proliferation, migration, and differentiation of NSCs were assessed, and the secretions of BDNF, CNTF, and VEGF from ACs were measured. Then the expressions of C3 and PTX3 were detected. Moreover, the mice were performed a global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion model and treated with LCH and (or) BO. After the assessments of Nissl staining, the expressions of Nestin, DCX, GFAP, C3, PTX3, p65 and p-p65 were probed. RESULTS: The most appropriate duration of OGD for the injury of both NSCs and ACs was 6 h, and the optimized concentrations of LCH and BO were 1.30 µg/mL and 0.03 µg/mL, respectively. The moderate OGD environment induced NSCs proliferation, migration, astrogenesis, and neurogenesis, increased the secretions of CNTF and VEGF from ACs, and upregulated the expressions of C3 and PTX3. For the ACs, LCH further increased the secretions of BDNF and CNTF, enhanced PTX3 expression, and reduced C3 expression. Additionally, the conditioned medium from LCH-treated ACs further enhanced NSC proliferation, migration, and neurogenesis. The in vivo study showed that LCH markedly enhanced the Nissl score and neurogenesis, and decreased astrogenesis which was accompanied by downregulations of C3, p-p65, and p-p65/p65 and upregulation of PTX3. BO not only decreased the expression of C3 in ACs both in vitro and in vivo but also downregulated p-p65 and p-p65/p65 in vivo. Additionally, BO promoted the therapeutic effect of LCH for most indices. CONCLUSION: A certain degree of OGD might induce ACs to stimulate the proliferation, astrogenesis, and neurogenesis of NSCs. LCH and BO exhibited a marked synergy in promoting ACs-mediated neurogenesis and reducing astrogenesis, in which LCH played a dominant role and BO boosted the effect of LCH. The mechanism of LCH might be involved in switching the polarization of ACs from A1 to A2, while BO preferred to inhibit the formation of A1 phenotype via downregulating NF-κB pathway.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Canfanos , Ligusticum , Ratones , Animales , Astrocitos , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/metabolismo , Factor Neurotrófico Ciliar/metabolismo , Factor Neurotrófico Ciliar/farmacología , Factor Neurotrófico Ciliar/uso terapéutico , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Neurogénesis , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Infarto Cerebral
9.
Nature ; 628(8009): 826-834, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538787

RESUMEN

Empirical evidence suggests that heat exposure reduces food intake. However, the neurocircuit architecture and the signalling mechanisms that form an associative interface between sensory and metabolic modalities remain unknown, despite primary thermoceptive neurons in the pontine parabrachial nucleus becoming well characterized1. Tanycytes are a specialized cell type along the wall of the third ventricle2 that bidirectionally transport hormones and signalling molecules between the brain's parenchyma and ventricular system3-8. Here we show that tanycytes are activated upon acute thermal challenge and are necessary to reduce food intake afterwards. Virus-mediated gene manipulation and circuit mapping showed that thermosensing glutamatergic neurons of the parabrachial nucleus innervate tanycytes either directly or through second-order hypothalamic neurons. Heat-dependent Fos expression in tanycytes suggested their ability to produce signalling molecules, including vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). Instead of discharging VEGFA into the cerebrospinal fluid for a systemic effect, VEGFA was released along the parenchymal processes of tanycytes in the arcuate nucleus. VEGFA then increased the spike threshold of Flt1-expressing dopamine and agouti-related peptide (Agrp)-containing neurons, thus priming net anorexigenic output. Indeed, both acute heat and the chemogenetic activation of glutamatergic parabrachial neurons at thermoneutrality reduced food intake for hours, in a manner that is sensitive to both Vegfa loss-of-function and blockage of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2)-dependent exocytosis from tanycytes. Overall, we define a multimodal neurocircuit in which tanycytes link parabrachial sensory relay to the long-term enforcement of a metabolic code.


Asunto(s)
Tronco Encefálico , Células Ependimogliales , Conducta Alimentaria , Calor , Hipotálamo , Vías Nerviosas , Neuronas , Animales , Femenino , Masculino , Ratones , Proteína Relacionada con Agouti/metabolismo , Núcleo Arqueado del Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Núcleo Arqueado del Hipotálamo/citología , Tronco Encefálico/citología , Tronco Encefálico/fisiología , Dopamina/metabolismo , Ingestión de Alimentos/fisiología , Células Ependimogliales/citología , Células Ependimogliales/fisiología , Conducta Alimentaria/fisiología , Ácido Glutámico/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/citología , Hipotálamo/fisiología , Vías Nerviosas/metabolismo , Neuronas/metabolismo , Núcleos Parabraquiales/citología , Núcleos Parabraquiales/metabolismo , Núcleos Parabraquiales/fisiología , Sensación Térmica/fisiología , Factores de Tiempo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo
10.
Int J Oncol ; 64(4)2024 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426621

RESUMEN

Tumor malignant cells are characterized by dysregulation of mitochondrial bioenergetics due to the 'Warburg effect'. In the present study, this metabolic imbalance was explored as a potential target for novel cancer chemotherapy. Imatinib (IM) downregulates the expression levels of SCΟ2 and FRATAXIN (FXN) genes involved in the heme­dependent cytochrome c oxidase biosynthesis and assembly pathway in human erythroleukemic IM­sensitive K­562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K­562). In the present study, it was investigated whether the treatment of cancer cells with IM (an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation) separately, or together with dichloroacetate (DCA) (an inhibitor of glycolysis), can inhibit cell proliferation or cause death. Human K­562 and IM­chemoresistant K­562 chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K­562R), as well as human colorectal carcinoma cells HCT­116 (+/+p53) and (­/­p53, with double TP53 knock-in disruptions), were employed. Treatments of these cells with either IM (1 or 2 µM) and/or DCA (4 mΜ) were also assessed for the levels of several process biomarkers including SCO2, FXN, lactate dehydrogenase A, glyceraldehyde­3­phosphate dehydrogenase, pyruvate kinase M2, hypoxia inducing factor­1a, heme oxygenase­1, NF­κB, stem cell factor and vascular endothelial growth factor via western blot analysis. Computational network biology models were also applied to reveal the connections between the ten proteins examined. Combination treatment of IM with DCA caused extensive cell death (>75%) in K­562 and considerable (>45%) in HCT­116 (+/+p53) cultures, but less in K­562R and HCT­116 (­/­p53), with the latter deficient in full length p53 protein. Such treatment, markedly reduced reactive oxygen species levels, as measured by flow­cytometry, in K­562 cells and affected the oxidative phosphorylation and glycolytic biomarkers in all lines examined. These findings indicated, that targeting of cancer mitochondrial bioenergetics with such a combination treatment was very effective, although chemoresistance to IM in leukemia and the absence of a full length p53 in colorectal cells affected its impact.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacología , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapéutico , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor/genética , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Línea Celular Tumoral , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mielógena Crónica BCR-ABL Positiva/patología , Metabolismo Energético , Neoplasias Colorrectales/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células K562 , Resistencia a Antineoplásicos/genética , Proliferación Celular
11.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(2): 268-276, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504533

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of emodin on alkali burn-induced corneal inflammation and neovascularization. METHODS: The ability of emodin to target vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) was predicted by molecular docking. The effects of emodin on the invasion, migration, and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were determined by cell counting kit-8, Transwell, and tube formation assays. Analysis of apoptosis was performed by flow cytometry. CD31 levels were examined by immunofluorescence. The abundance and phosphorylation state of VEGFR2, protein kinase B (Akt), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and P38 were examined by immunoblot analysis. Corneal alkali burn was performed on 40 mice. Animals were divided randomly into two groups, and the alkali-burned eyes were then treated with drops of either 10 µM emodin or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) four times a day. Slit-lamp microscopy was used to evaluate inflammation and corneal neovascularization (CNV) in all eyes on Days 0, 7, 10, and 14. The mice were killed humanely 14 d after the alkali burn, and their corneas were removed and preserved at -80 ℃ until histological study or protein extraction. RESULTS: Molecular docking confirmed that emodin was able to target VEGFR2. The findings revealed that emodin decreased the invasion, migration, angiogenesis, and proliferation of HUVEC in a dose-dependent manner. In mice, emodin suppressed corneal inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibited the development of corneal neovascularization induced by alkali burn. Compared to those of the PBS-treated group, lower VEGFR2 expression and CD31 levels were found in the emodin-treated group. Emodin dramatically decreased the expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, p-Akt, p-STAT3, and p-P38 in VEGF-treated HUVEC. CONCLUSION: This study provides a new avenue for evaluating the molecular mechanisms underlying corneal inflammation and neovascularization. Emodin might be a promising new therapeutic option for corneal alkali burns.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras Químicas , Neovascularización de la Córnea , Emodina , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Neovascularización de la Córnea/tratamiento farmacológico , Neovascularización de la Córnea/genética , Neovascularización de la Córnea/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Quemaduras Químicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Quemaduras Químicas/metabolismo , Quemaduras Químicas/patología , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Neovascularización Patológica/tratamiento farmacológico , Neovascularización Patológica/genética , Transducción de Señal , Células Endoteliales de la Vena Umbilical Humana , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
12.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 26(2): 276-287, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441733

RESUMEN

The present study aims to characterize and to evaluate the biological effects of a skin dressing manufactured with the organic part of the Chondrilla caribensis marine sponge (called spongin-like collagen (SC)) associated or not to photobiomodulation (PBM) on the skin wound healing of rats. Skin dressings were manufactured with SC and it was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and a tensile assay. In order to evaluate its biological effects, an experimental model of cutaneous wounds was surgically performed. Eighteen rats were randomly distributed into three experimental groups: control group (CG): animals with skin wounds but without any treatment; marine collagen dressing group (DG): animals with skin wounds treated with marine collagen dressing; and the marine collagen dressing + PBM group (DPG): animals with skin wounds treated with marine collagen dressing and PBM. Histopathological, histomorphometric, and immunohistochemical evaluations (qualitative and semiquantitative) of COX2, TGFß, FGF, and VEGF were done. SEM demonstrates that the marine collagen dressing presented pores and interconnected fibers and adequate mechanical strength. Furthermore, in the microscopic analysis, an incomplete reepithelialization and the presence of granulation tissue with inflammatory infiltrate were observed in all experimental groups. In addition, foreign body was identified in the DG and DPG. COX2, TGFß, FGF, and VEGF immunostaining was observed predominantly in the wound area of all experimental groups, with a statistically significant difference for FGF immunostaining score of DPG in relation to CG. The marine collagen dressing presented adequate physical characteristics and its association with PBM presented favorable biological effects to the skin repair process.


Asunto(s)
Vendajes , Colágeno , Poríferos , Piel , Cicatrización de Heridas , Animales , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de la radiación , Ratas , Colágeno/metabolismo , Piel/efectos de la radiación , Terapia por Luz de Baja Intensidad , Masculino , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Ciclooxigenasa 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Ratas Wistar , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Resistencia a la Tracción , Factores de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo
13.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155368, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498951

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic disease characterized by the abnormal proliferation of fibroblast and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), accompanied by inflammation and ultimately respiratory failure. Yinhuang granule (YHG), with clinical properties of clearing heat, detoxifying and anti-inflammation, is commonly used to heal upper respiratory diseases in China for decades. PURPOSE: To explore the improvement of YHG on bleomycin (BLM)-induced IPF in mice and its possible engaged mechanism. METHODS: The mortality rate was recorded, lung function was determined and hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining was carried out to explore the alleviation of YHG on BLM-caused IPF in mice. Hydroxyproline, collagen I and collagen III contents were detected, and Sirius red and Masson staining were conducted to evaluate YHG's alleviation on lung fibrosis. The underlying mechanism was predicted by network pharmacology, and confirmed by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western-blot (WB) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The binding affinity between related key proteins and active compounds in YHG was calculated by using molecular docking, and further validated by cellular thermal shift assay (CESTA). RESULTS: YHG (400, 800 mg/kg) weakened lung damage and pulmonary fibrosis in mice induced by BLM. Network pharmacology and experimental validation displayed that inflammation and angiogenesis participated in the YHG-provided improvement on IPF, and key involved molecules included tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA), interleukine-6 (IL-6), etc. The data of molecular docking presented that some main active compounds from YHG had a high binding affinity with TNFR1 or VEGFR2, and some of them were further validated by CESTA. CONCLUSION: YHG effectively improved the BLM-induced IPF in mice via reducing inflammation and angiogenesis.


Asunto(s)
Bleomicina , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Farmacología en Red , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Animales , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamiento farmacológico , Fibrosis Pulmonar Idiopática/inducido químicamente , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Ratones , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Masculino , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmón/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117913, 2024 May 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360380

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kaempferia galanga Linn. is an aromatic medicinal herb with extensively applied in India, China, Malaysia and other South Asia countries for thousands of years. It has been mentioned to treat abdominal tumors. Ethyl cinnamate (EC), one of the main chemical constituents of the rhizome of K. galanga, exhibited nematocidal, sedative and vasorelaxant activities. However, its anti-angiogenic activity, and anti-tumor effect have not been investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the anti-angiogenic mechanism of EC and its anti-tumor effect by suppressing angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro anti-angiogenic effect was evaluated using HUVECs model induced by VEGF and zebrafish model in vivo. The influence of the EC on phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and its downstream signaling pathways were evaluated by western blotting assay. Molecule docking technology was conducted to explore the interaction between EC and VEGFR2. SPR assay was used for detecting the binding affinity between EC and VEGFR2. To further investigate the molecular mechanism of EC on anti-angiogenesis, VEGFR2 knockdown in HUVECs and examined the influence of the EC. Anti-tumor activity of EC was evaluated using colony formation assay and apoptosis assay. The inhibitory effect of EC on tumor growth was explored using HT29 colon cancer xenograft model. RESULTS: EC obviously inhibited proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of VEGF-induced HUVECs. EC also induced apoptosis of HUVECs. Moreover, it inhibited the development of vessel formation in zebrafish. Further investigations demonstrated that EC could suppress the phosphorylation of VEGFR2, and its downstream signaling pathways were altered in VEGF-induced HUVECs. EC formed a hydrogen bond to bind with the ATP binding site of the VEGFR2, and EC-VEGFR2 interaction was shown in SPR assay. The suppressive effect of EC on angiogenesis was abrogated after VEGFR2 knockdown in HUVECs. EC inhibited the colon cancer cells colony formation and induced apoptosis. In addition, EC suppressed tumor growth in colon cancer xenograft model, and no detectable hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. In addition, it inhibited the phosphorylation of VEGFR2, and its downstream signal pathways in tumor. CONCLUSIONS: EC could inhibit tumor growth in colon cancer by suppressing angiogenesis via VEGFR2 signaling pathway, and suggested EC as a promising candidate for colon cancer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Cinamatos , Neoplasias del Colon , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Animales , Humanos , Pez Cebra , Células Endoteliales de la Vena Umbilical Humana , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Proliferación Celular , Movimiento Celular , Transducción de Señal , Inhibidores de la Angiogénesis/farmacología , Inhibidores de la Angiogénesis/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/metabolismo , Neoplasias del Colon/tratamiento farmacológico , Receptor 2 de Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Neovascularización Patológica/metabolismo
15.
Res Vet Sci ; 170: 105178, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402660

RESUMEN

In pet clinics, the number of cases using trauma drugs accounts for >10% of the total number of cases, and most wounds are healing by second intention. The prolongation of wound healing time causes inconvenience and burden to pets and pet owners. Therefore, how to reduce wound healing time and achieve maximum recovery of tissue function and aesthetics is one of the focuses of veterinary clinical practice. Wound suppuration caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the main cause of delaying wound healing. Clinically, available antimicrobial treatments are almost exhausted due to the production of large numbers of resistant bacteria. At present, there are no bacteria resistant to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which makes TCM have the potential to become an effective drug for the treatment of bacterial infections, so the use of TCM in the treatment of traumatic infections has broad prospects. Based on the characteristics of infection syndrome, three different prescriptions were formulated in our laboratory, and the most effective prescription and dosage form was screened and named Lianrong Healing Cream (LRHC). The results showed that LRHC regulated the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), epidermal growth factor-1 (EGF-1), transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) and vascular endothelial growth factor-1 (VEGF-1) genes in wound tissues and fibroblasts, thereby accelerating wound healing and repairing wound appearance and function. The results of this study may be help to develop TCM formulation for traumatic infections.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Cicatrización de Heridas , Animales , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento Epidérmico/farmacología
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 162-174, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403349

RESUMEN

This study aims to investigate whether tetramethylpyrazine(TMP) can stimulate angiogenesis in cerebral microvascular endothelial cells and alleviate cerebral ischemic stroke(CIS) and to explore the underlying mechanisms. In the animal study, adult Sprague-Dawley rats(n=15) were assigned into sham surgery(sham), middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion(MCAO/R), and MCAO/R+TMP(intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg·kg~(-1)) groups. The neurological function was evaluated by the Z-Longa method. The cerebral infarction volume was detected by TTC staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to detect the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), angiopoietin(Ang), and platelet-derived growth factor(PDGF). Immunofluorescence staining was employed to detect Ki67 and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA) and slient information regulator 1(SIRT1). Western blot was employed to determine the expression levels of VEGFA, SIRT1, angiopoietin-2(Ang-2), and platelet-derived growth factor B(PDGFB). In the cell study, mouse brain-derived endothelial cells(Bend.3) were cultured, and the optimal concentration of TMP was determined. Then, VEGF, Ang, and PDGF were detected by ELISA after the addition of cabozantinib. Western blot was employed to measure the expression of VEGFA, Ang-2, and PDGFB. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect CD31, CD34, and Ki67, and the proliferation, migration, and tube formation ability of Bend.3 cells were observed in vitro. Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were performed to measure the expression of SIRT1 and VEGFA after addition of the SIRT1-specific inhibitor selisistat(EX-527). The results showed that compared with the sham group, the MCAO/R group had severe neurological function damage, increased infarction volume, up-regulated expression of VEGF, VEGFA, Ang, Ang-2, PDGF, and PDGFB, and down-regulated expression of Ki67 and SIRT1(P<0.01). Compared with the MCAO/R group, the MCAO/R+TMP group presented alleviated neurological function damage, reduced infarction volume, and activated expression of VEGF, VEGFA, Ang, Ang-2, PDGF, PDGFB, Ki67, and SIRT1(P<0.01). The cell experiments showed that compared with the normal group, Bend.3 cells were activated by oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) treatment(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the OGD/R group, the OGD/R+TMP group upregulated the expression levels of VEGF, VEGFA, Ang, Ang-2, PDGF, PDGFB, SIRT1, Ki67, CD31, and CD34, enhanced the angiogenic ability of Bend.3 cells without being inhibited by BMS or EX-527(P<0.05, P<0.01, P<0.001). The results suggest that TMP can activate the SIRT1/VEGFA signaling pathway to stimulate angiogenesis and alleviate CIS injury.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Pirazinas , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Ratas , Animales , Ratones , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-sis , Sirtuina 1/genética , Sirtuina 1/metabolismo , Angiogénesis , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Accidente Cerebrovascular/tratamiento farmacológico , Accidente Cerebrovascular/genética , Transducción de Señal , Infarto de la Arteria Cerebral Media
17.
Phytomedicine ; 125: 155290, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308918

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In our previous study, we provided evidence that Astragalus mongholicus Bunge(AM) and its extracts possess a protective capability against radiation-induced damage, potentially mediated through the reduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO). However, we were pleasantly surprised to discover during our experimentation that AM not only offers protection against radiation damage but also exhibits a radiation sensitization effect. This effect may be attributed to a specific small molecule present in AM known as ononin. Currently, radiation sensitizers are predominantly found in nitrazole drugs and nanomaterials, with no existing reports on the radiation sensitization properties of ononin, nor its underlying mechanism. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the sensitization effect of the small molecule ononin derived from AM on lung cancer radiotherapy, elucidating its specific molecular mechanism of action. Additionally, the safety profile of combining astragalus small molecule ononin with radiation therapy will be evaluated. METHODS: The effective concentration of ononin was determined through cell survival experiments, and the impact of ononin combined with varying doses of radiation on lung cancer cells was observed using CCK-8 and cell cloning experiments. The apoptotic effect of ononin combined with radiation on lung cancer cells was assessed using Hochester staining, flow cytometry, and WB assay. Additionally, WB and immunofluorescence analysis were conducted to investigate the influence of ononin on HIF-1α/VEGF pathway. Furthermore, Molecular Dynamics Simulation was employed to validate the targeted binding ability of ononin and HIF-1α. A lung cancer cell line was established to investigate the effects of knockdown and overexpression of HIF-1α. Subsequently, the experiment was repeated using tumor bearing nude mice and C57BL/6 mouse models in an in vivo study. Tumor volume was measured using a vernier caliper, while HE, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence techniques were employed to observe the effects of ononin combined with radiation on tumor morphology, proliferation, and apoptosis. Additionally, Immunofluorescence was employed to examine the impact of ononin on HIF-1α/VEGF pathway in vivo, and its effect on liver function in mice was assessed through biochemistry analysis. RESULTS: At a concentration of 25 µM, ononin did not affect the proliferation of lung epithelial cells but inhibited the survival of lung cancer cells. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the combination of ononin and radiation could effectively inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, induce apoptosis, and suppress the excessive activation of the Hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha/Vascular endothelial growth factor pathway. In vivo experiments showed that the combination of ononin and radiation reduced the size and proliferation of lung cancer tumors, promoted cancer cell apoptosis, mitigated abnormal activation of the Hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha pathway, and protected against liver function damage. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that the combination of AM and its small molecule ononin can enhance the sensitivity of lung cancer to radiation. Additionally, it has been observed that this combination can specifically target HIF-1α and exert its effects. Notably, ononin exhibits the unique ability to protect liver function from damage while simultaneously enhancing the tumor-killing effects of radiation, thereby demonstrating a synergistic and detoxifying role in tumor radiotherapy. These findings contribute to the establishment of a solid basis for the development of novel radiation sensitizers derived from traditional Chinese medicine.


Asunto(s)
Glucósidos , Isoflavonas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Fármacos Sensibilizantes a Radiaciones , Ratones , Animales , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Ratones Desnudos , Línea Celular Tumoral , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Factores de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Tolerancia a Radiación , Fármacos Sensibilizantes a Radiaciones/farmacología , Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia , Subunidad alfa del Factor 1 Inducible por Hipoxia
18.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 261, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302805

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The cardioprotective properties of mesenchymal stem cells and the therapeutic potential of curcumin (CUR) have been explored. Combining these approaches may enhance stem cell effectiveness and expedite healing. This study aimed to investigate the synergistic effects of co-treating bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with curcumin on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels, in a rat model of myocardial ischemia (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-five male rats were divided into four groups: G1 (healthy control), G2 (MI induced by isoproterenol hydrochloride), G3 (treated with BMSCs), and G4 (co-treated with curcumin and BMSCs). Blood and tissue samples were collected at specific time points (day 1, 7, 15 and 21) after MI induction. Serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), CK-MB and VEGF were measured. VEGF mRNA and protein expression were evaluated using RT-qPCR and Western blot techniques. Histopathological assessments were performed using H&E staining and CD31 immunofluorescence staining. VEGF expression significantly increased on days 7 and 15 in the CUR-BMSCs group, peaking on day 7. Western blot analysis confirmed elevated VEGF protein expression on days 7 and 15 post-MI. ELISA results demonstrated increased serum VEGF levels on days 7 and 15, reaching the highest level on day 7 in CUR-BMSCs-treated animals. Treated groups showed lower levels of LDH, AST, CK, CK-MB and cTnI compared to the untreated MI group. H&E staining revealed improved myocardial structure, increased formation of new capillaries, in both treatment groups compared to the MI group. CONCLUSION: Combining curcumin with BMSCs promotes angiogenesis in the infarcted myocardium after 15 days of MI induction. These findings suggest the potential of this combined therapy approach for enhancing cardiac healing and recovery.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Curcumina , Trasplante de Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Infarto del Miocardio , Isquemia Miocárdica , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/genética , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto del Miocardio/patología , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/metabolismo , Médula Ósea/metabolismo , Angiogénesis , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocardio/metabolismo , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/metabolismo , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Trasplante de Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/métodos , Células de la Médula Ósea
19.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354231226126, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385348

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common clinical malignant tumor of the digestive system. Hu-Qi-Zheng-Xiao (HQZX) decoction has been clinically found to prolong the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and improve the quality of patients' survival, but its antitumor biological mechanism is still unclear. METHODS: A nude mouse hollow fiber hepatocellular carcinoma model was constructed to analyze the in vivo efficacy of HQZX decoction against 7 different hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The subcutaneous graft tumor model was again validated. In vitro, the effect of HQZX decoction on the growth and metastasis of the cell line with the highest growth inhibition was evaluated. The cell line with the best efficacy response screened was again used to construct a hollow fiber hepatocellular carcinoma model and hollow fiber conduit cells were extracted to detect the expression of HIF-1α, VEGF, EMT-related molecules, LCSCs-related molecules, and to observe the density of the subcutaneous vascular network of hollow fiber conduits. The liver metastasis model of splenic injection was constructed to observe the effect of HQZX decoction on tumor metastasis. RESULTS: The hollow fiber hepatocellular carcinoma model was evaluated for the efficacy of HQZX decoction, and it was found to have the highest growth inhibition of LM3-luc cells. In vitro, the CCK8 assay revealed that HQZX decoction could inhibit tumor migration and invasion and promote apoptosis. In addition, the mechanism study of extracting cells from hollow fiber tubes found that HQZX decoction could inhibit metastasis-associated HIF-1α, VEGF, EMT-related molecules, and LCSCs-related molecules expression. capillary network around subcutaneous fiber tubes was reduced in the HQZX decoction gavage group of mice. It inhibited tumor metastasis in nude mice. CONCLUSIONS: HQZX decoction inhibited the growth of a variety of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. HQZX decoction suppressed the expression of metastasis-associated VEGF, EMT-related molecules, and LCSCs-related molecules and inhibited tumor angiogenesis and growth and metastasis, which may be related to the inhibition of the HIF-1α signaling pathway. It reveals that HQZX decoction may be a promising herbal compound for anti-HCC therapy, and also reveals the accurate feasibility of the hollow fiber hepatocellular carcinoma model for in vivo pharmacodynamic evaluation and mechanism study.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Ratones Desnudos , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Transducción de Señal , Proliferación Celular
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 325: 117889, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336183

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruit of Lycium barbarum L. (goji berry) is a traditional Chinese medicine and is often used to improve vision. While various goji cultivars may differentially treat retinal degeneration, however their comparative effectiveness remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the protective effects of four goji cultivars on NaIO3-induced retinal degeneration mouse model and identify the most therapeutically potent cultivar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The principal compounds in the extracts of four goji cultivars were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. A retinal degeneration mouse model was established via NaIO3 injection. Dark-light transition and TUNEL assays were used to assess visual function and retinal apoptosis. The levels of antioxidative, inflammatory, and angiogenic markers in serums and eyeballs were measured. Hierarchical cluster analysis, principal component analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis were used to objectively compare the treatment responses. RESULTS: Sixteen compounds were identified in goji berry extracts. All goji berry extracts could reverse NaIO3-induced visual impairment, retinal damage and apoptosis. The samples from the cultivar of Ningqi No.1 significantly modulated oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular endothelial growth factor levels, which are more effectively than the other cultivars based on integrated multivariate profiling. CONCLUSION: Ningqi No.1 demonstrated a stronger protective effect on mouse retina than other goji cultivars, and is a potential variety for further research on the treatment of retinal degeneration.


Asunto(s)
Lycium , Degeneración Retiniana , Ratones , Animales , Degeneración Retiniana/inducido químicamente , Degeneración Retiniana/tratamiento farmacológico , Lycium/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/uso terapéutico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
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