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1.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e077709, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569676

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics and treatment approaches for patients with severe postpartum haemorrhage (SPPH) in various midwifery institutions in one district in Beijing, especially those without identifiable antenatal PPH high-risk factors, to improve regional SPPH rescue capacity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted at 9 tertiary-level hospitals and 10 secondary-level hospitals in Haidian district of Beijing from January 2019 to December 2022. PARTICIPANTS: The major inclusion criterion was SPPH with blood loss ≥1500 mL or needing a packed blood product transfusion ≥1000 mL within 24 hours after birth. A total of 324 mothers with SPPH were reported to the Regional Obstetric Quality Control Office from 19 midwifery hospitals. OUTCOME MEASURES: The pregnancy characteristics collected included age at delivery, gestational weeks at delivery, height, parity, delivery mode, antenatal PPH high-risk factors, aetiology of PPH, bleeding amount, PPH complications, transfusion volume and PPH management. SPPH characteristics were compared between two levels of midwifery hospitals and their association with antenatal PPH high-risk factors was determined. RESULTS: SPPH was observed in 324 mothers out of 106 697 mothers in the 4 years. There were 74.4% and 23.9% cases of SPPH without detectable antenatal PPH high-risk factors in secondary and tertiary midwifery hospitals, respectively. Primary uterine atony was the leading cause of SPPH in secondary midwifery hospitals, whereas placental-associated disorders were the leading causes in tertiary institutions. Rates of red blood cell transfusion over 10 units, unscheduled returns to the operating room and adverse PPH complications were higher in patients without antenatal PPH high-risk factors. Secondary hospitals had significantly higher rates of trauma compared with tertiary institutions. CONCLUSION: Examining SPPH cases at various institutional levels offers a more comprehensive view of regional SPPH management and enhances targeted training in this area.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Hemorragia Posparto , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Hemorragia Posparto/epidemiología , Hemorragia Posparto/terapia , Hemorragia Posparto/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Placenta , Hospitales
2.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e076959, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569696

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Nurses are essential for implementing evidence-based practices to improve patient outcomes. Unfortunately, nurses lack knowledge about research and do not always understand research terminology. This study aims to develop an in-service training programme for health research for nurses and midwives in the Tshwane district of South Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol outlines a codesign study guided by the five stages of design thinking proposed by the Hasso-Plattner Institute of Design at Stanford University. The participants will include nurses and midwives at two hospitals in the Tshwane district, Gauteng Province. The five stages will be implemented in three phases: Phase 1: Stage 1-empathise and Stage 2-define. Exploratory sequential mixed methods including focus group discussions with nurses and midwives (n=40), face-to-face interviews (n=6), and surveys (n=330), will be used in this phase. Phase 2: Stage 3-ideate and Stage 4-prototype. A team of research experts (n=5), nurses and midwives (n=20) will develop the training programme based on the identified learning needs. Phase 3: Stage 5-test. The programme will be delivered to clinical nurses and midwives (n=41). The training programme will be evaluated through pretraining and post-training surveys and face-to-face interviews (n=4) following training. SPSS V.29 will be used for quantitative analysis, and content analysis will be used to analyse qualitative data. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol was approved by the Faculty of Health Sciences Research Ethics Committee of the University of Pretoria (reference number 123/2023). The protocol is also registered with the National Health Research Database in South Africa (reference number GP_202305_032). The study findings will be disseminated through conference presentations and publications in peer-reviewed journals.


Asunto(s)
Partería , Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Sudáfrica , Grupos Focales , Hospitales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 85(3): 1-8, 2024 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557098

RESUMEN

Increasing numbers of people live with multiple long-term conditions. These people are more likely to be admitted to hospital, experience adverse outcomes and receive poorer quality care than those with a single condition. Hospitals remain organised around a model of single-organ, disease-specific care which is not equipped to meet the needs of people living with multiple long-term conditions. This article considers these challenges and explores potential solutions. These include different service models to provide holistic, multidisciplinary inpatient and outpatient care across specialty boundaries, training a workforce to deliver high-quality hospital care for people living with multiple long-term conditions, and developing technological, financial and cultural enablers of change. Considerably more research is required to fully appreciate the shared risk factors, underlying mechanisms, patterns and consequences of multiple long-term conditions. This is essential to design and deliver better structures and processes of hospital care for people living with multiple long-term conditions.


Asunto(s)
Hospitalización , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Humanos , Hospitales , Calidad de la Atención de Salud
4.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 21(3): 393-399, 2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615209

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Understanding spirituality and spiritual care is a prerequisite for holistic care in nursing. Spirituality is an important dimension of human existence with a crucial role in health promotion. The objective of this study was to assess the level of attitude towards spirituality and spiritual care among nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study design was used among 208 nurses to assess attitude toward spirituality and spiritual care among nurses of Bharatpur Hospital. A pretested semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The instrument spirituality and spiritual care rating scales were used. Collected data were coded and entered in Microsoft office excel and SPSS version 22 was used for analysis. RESULTS: The finding of the study revealed that, out of 208 respondents, the majority (74.0%) of respondents were of age 20-29 years with a mean and SD of 28.2±5.510. Among all, 125(60.1%) respondents had a moderate attitude score of 32-62, 83(39.9%) had a high level of attitude score of 63-92, whereas 0.5% had a low level of attitude towards spirituality and spiritual care score (0-31).There is no statistically significant relationship between the level of attitude and socio-demographic variables. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that most of the respondents had a moderate level of attitude. In-service education and awareness on providing spiritual care among nurses needs to be focused.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Espirituales , Espiritualidad , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Nepal , Hospitales
5.
J Spec Pediatr Nurs ; 29(2): e12426, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615233

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The transition from hospital to home can be challenging for parents of prematurely born infants. The aim of this ethnographic study was to describe a multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral discharge conference for families with premature infants transitioning from a neonatal intensive care unit to municipal healthcare services. DESIGN AND METHODS: An ethnographically/anthropologically inspired qualitative design was adopted. We conducted four participant observations of multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral discharge conferences and 12 semistructured interviews with four neonatologists, four nurses, and four health visitors who had attended one of the conferences. Salient themes were generated by two-part analysis consisting of a thematic analysis followed by Turner's ritual analysis. RESULTS: This study illustrated how multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral discharge conferences improved the quality of care for premature infants and their families in their transition process which was perceived as complex. These conferences contributed to promoting a sense of coherence and continuity of care. The healthcare professionals experienced that this event may be characterized as a ritual, which created structures that promoted cross-sectoral cooperation and communication while increasing interdisciplinary knowledge sharing. Thus, the conferences triggered a sense that the participants were building bridges to unite healthcare sectors, ensuring a holistic and coordinated approach to meet the unique needs of the infants and their families. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study presented a unique holistic and family-centered approach to constructing multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral discharge conferences that seemed to underpin the quality of interdisciplinary and health-related knowledge sharing and establish a crucial starting point for early interventions, preventive measures, and health-promoting efforts. Hopefully, our findings will encourage others to rethink the discharge conference as a transitional ritual that may potentially bridge the gap between healthcare sectors. Specifically, our findings contribute to the mounting body of knowledge of family-centered care by showing how healthcare professionals may-in a meaningful and tangible manner-operate, develop, and implement this somewhat elusive theoretical foundation in their clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Sector de Atención de Salud , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Personal de Salud , Hospitales
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299627, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626224

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The United States Institute of Medicine defines patient centred care (PCC), a core element of healthcare quality, as care that is holistic and responsive to individual needs. PCC is associated with better patient satisfaction and improved clinical outcomes. Current conceptualizations of PCC are mainly from Europe and North America. This systematic review summarises the perceived dimensions of PCC among patients and healthcare workers within hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Without date restrictions, searches were done on databases of the Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Global Health, and grey literature, from their inception up to 11th August 2022. Only qualitative studies exploring dimensions or perceptions of PCC among patients, doctors and/or nurses in hospitals in (SSA) were included. Review articles and editorials were excluded. Two independent reviewers screened titles and abstracts, and conducted full-text reviews with conflicts resolved by a third reviewer. The CASP (critical appraisal skills program) checklist was utilised to assess the quality of included studies. The framework synthesis method was employed for data synthesis. RESULTS: 5507 articles were retrieved. Thirty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria, of which 17 were in the specialty of obstetrics, while the rest were spread across different fields. The perceived dimensions reported in the studies included privacy and confidentiality, communication, shared decision making, dignity and respect, continuity of care, access to care, adequate infrastructure and empowerment. Separate analysis of patients' and providers' perspective revealed a difference in the practical understanding of shared-decision making. These dimensions were summarised into a framework consisting of patient-as-person, access to care, and integrated care. CONCLUSION: The conceptualization of PCC within SSA was largely similar to findings from other parts of the world, although with a stronger emphasis on access to care. In SSA, both relational and structural aspects of care were significant elements of PCC. Healthcare providers mostly perceived structural aspects such as infrastructure as key dimensions of PCC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO Registration number CRD42021238411.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales , Obstetricia , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Personal de Salud , África del Sur del Sahara , Atención Dirigida al Paciente/métodos
7.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 260, 2024 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641790

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Birth defects (BDs) are the major causes of infant morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. Regardless of their clinical importance, few studies on predisposing factors have been conducted in Ethiopia. However, due to a lack of advanced diagnostic materials, we only considered the externally visible BDs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the determinants of externally visible birth defects among perinatal deaths at Adama Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective unmatched case-control study design was conducted from November 01 to 30, 2021. The sample size was determined by Epi Info version 7 software considering sample size calculation for an unmatched case-control study. A total of 315 participants (63 cases, and 252 controls) were selected by simple random sampling. Data were collected by an open data kit (ODK) and transported to a statical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 26 software for analysis. The bivariate followed by multivariable logistic regression analyses were done to determine the factors associated with the BD. RESULTS: This study showed that drinking alcohol during pregnancy (AOR = 6.575; 95% CI: 3.102,13.937), lack of antenatal care (ANC) follow-up during pregnancy (AOR = 2.794; 95% CI: 1.333, 5.859), having a history of stillbirth in a previous pregnancy (AOR = 3.967; 95% CI: 1.772, 8.881), exposure to pesticides during pregnancy (AOR = 4.840; 95% CI: 1.375, 17.034), having a history of BDs in a previous pregnancy (AOR = 4.853; 95% CI: 1.492, 15.788), and lack of folic acid supplementation during early pregnancy (AOR = 4.324; 95% CI: 2.062, 9.067) were significant determinants of externally visible BDs among perinatal deaths. CONCLUSION: In this study, alcohol use, exposure to pesticides, and lack of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy were identified as the major determinants of externally visible BDs among perinatal deaths. Thus, health education regarding the associated factors of BDs and their preventive strategies should be given to pregnant mothers.


Asunto(s)
Muerte Perinatal , Plaguicidas , Lactante , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Retrospectivos , Atención Prenatal , Ácido Fólico , Hospitales , Etiopía/epidemiología
8.
Aust J Prim Health ; 302024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621019

RESUMEN

Background Many healthcare professionals and services strive to improve cultural safety of care for Australia's First Nations people. However, they work within established systems and structures that do not reliably meet diverse health care needs nor reflect culturally safe paradigms. Journey mapping approaches can improve understanding of patient/client healthcare priorities and care delivery challenges from healthcare professionals' perspectives leading to improved responses that address discriminatory practices and institutional racism. This project aimed to review accessibility and usability of the existing Managing Two Worlds Together (MTWT) patient journey mapping tools and resources, and develop new Health Journey Mapping (HJM) tools and resources. Method Four repeated cycles of collaborative participatory action research were undertaken using repeated cycles of look and listen, think and discuss, take action together. A literature search and survey were conducted to review accessibility and usability of MTWT tools and resources. First Nations patients and families, and First Nations and non-First Nations researchers, hospital and university educators and healthcare professionals (end users), reviewed and tested HJM prototypes, shaping design, format and focus. Results The MTWT tool and resources have been used across multiple health care, research and education settings. However, many users experienced initial difficulty engaging with the tool and offered suggested improvements in design and usability. End user feedback on HJM prototypes identified the need for three distinct mapping tools for three different purposes: clinical care, detailed care planning and strategic mapping, to be accompanied by comprehensive resource materials, instructional guides, videos and case study examples. These were linked to continuous quality improvement and accreditation standards to enhance uptake in healthcare settings. Conclusion The new HJM tools and resources effectively map diverse journeys and assist recognition and application of strengths-based, holistic and culturally safe approaches to health care.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Pueblos Indígenas , Humanos , Hospitales , Pacientes , Mejoramiento de la Calidad
9.
Ann Glob Health ; 90(1): 19, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463454

RESUMEN

Background: Public-private partnerships (PPP) are one strategy to finance and deliver healthcare in lower-resourced settings. Lesotho's Queen 'Mamohato Memorial Hospital Integrated Network (QMMH-IN) was sub-Saharan Africa's first and largest integrated healthcare PPP. Objective: We assessed successes and challenges to performance of the QMMH-IN PPP. Methods: We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews among QMMH-IN executive leadership and staff in early 2020. Questions were guided by the WHO Health System Building Blocks Framework. We conducted a thematic analysis. Findings: Facilitators of performance included: 1) PPP leadership commitment to quality improvement supported by protocols, monitoring, and actions; 2) high levels of accountability and discipline; and 3) well-functioning infrastructure, core systems, workflows, and internal referral network. Barriers to performance included: 1) human resource management challenges and 2) broader health system and referral network limitations. Respondents anticipated the collapse of the PPP and suggested better investing in training incoming managerial staff, improving staffing, and expanding QMMH-IN's role as a training facility. Conclusions: The PPP contract was terminated approximately five years before its anticipated end date; in mid-2021 the government of Lesotho assumed management of QMMH-IN. Going forward, the Lesotho government and others making strategic planning decisions should consider fostering a culture of quality improvement and accountability; ensuring sustained investments in human resource management; and allocating resources in a way that recognizes the interdependency of healthcare facilities and overall system strengthening. Contracts for integrated healthcare PPPs should be flexible to respond to changing external conditions and include provisions to invest in people as substantively as infrastructure, equipment, and core systems over the full length of the PPP. Healthcare PPPs, especially in lower-resource settings, should be developed with a strong understanding of their role in the broader health system and be implemented in conjunction with efforts to ensure and sustain adequate capacity and resources throughout the health system.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Asociación entre el Sector Público-Privado , Humanos , Lesotho , Hospitales , Derivación y Consulta
10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(3): e01602023, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451635

RESUMEN

This article aimed to map therapeutic itineraries in health care within rural Quilombola communities in the north of Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a section of a qualitative research conducted in six visited communities. The data was collected through 18 individual interviews, analyzed using the theoretical-methodological framework of Therapeutic Itineraries, and organized into three empirical themes. The narratives allowed for understanding the paths taken in health care by the Quilombola population, identifying the components of the popular subsystem (natural resources, the use of teas and home remedies), the family subsystem (transmission of knowledge and cultural heritage of care), and the professional subsystem (hospital level, medical care, primary and specialized attention). The difficulties of access are not only due to geographical distances, but also broader aspects of social determination, such as institutional racism, low availability of services, the need for payment for transportation and medical procedures. In this sense, it is necessary to have an approach and interventions from public policies to address ethnic-racial, economic, and access inequalities in health care services.


Este artigo teve como objetivo mapear os itinerários terapêuticos no cuidado em saúde em comunidades quilombolas rurais no norte de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Trata-se de um recorte de uma pesquisa qualitativa realizada em seis comunidades visitadas. Os dados foram produzidos por meio de 18 entrevistas individuais, analisados pelo referencial teórico-metodológico dos itinerários terapêuticos e organizados em três temas empíricos. As narrativas permitiram a compreensão dos percursos trilhados no cuidado em saúde pela população quilombola, a identificação dos componentes do subsistema popular (recursos naturais, o uso de chás e remédios caseiros), do subsistema familiar (transmissão de conhecimentos e herança cultural de cuidados), e do subsistema profissional (nível hospitalar, cuidados médicos, atenção primária e especializada). As dificuldades de acesso não decorrem apenas das distâncias geográficas, envolvem aspectos mais amplos da determinação social, como o racismo institucional, a baixa oferta de serviços, a necessidade de pagamento para deslocamentos e procedimentos médicos. Nesse sentido, fazem-se necessárias uma abordagem e intervenções das políticas públicas frente às desigualdades étnico-raciais, econômicas e de acesso aos serviços de cuidado em saúde.


Asunto(s)
Instituciones de Salud , Hospitales , Humanos , Brasil , Geografía , Atención a la Salud
11.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1339504, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444434

RESUMEN

Purpose: The Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) or Diagnosis-Intervention Packet (DIP) payment system, now introduced in China, intends to streamline healthcare billing practices. However, its implications for clinical pharmacists, pivotal stakeholders in the healthcare system, remain inadequately explored. This study sought to assess the perceptions, challenges, and roles of clinical pharmacists in China following the introduction of the DRG or DIP payment system. Methods: Qualitative interviews were conducted among a sample of clinical pharmacists. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted, either online or face to face. Thematic analysis was employed to identify key insights and concerns related to their professional landscape under the DRG or DIP system. Results: Clinical pharmacists exhibited variable awareness levels about the DRG or DIP system. Their roles have undergone shifts, creating a balance between traditional responsibilities and new obligations dictated by the DRG or DIP system. Professional development, particularly concerning health economics and DRG-based or DIP-based patient care, was highlighted as a key need. There were calls for policy support at both healthcare and national levels and a revised, holistic performance assessment system. The demand for more resources, be it in training platforms or personnel, was a recurrent theme. Conclusion: The DRG or DIP system's introduction in China poses both opportunities and challenges for clinical pharmacists. Addressing awareness gaps, offering robust policy support, ensuring adequate resource allocation, and recognizing the evolving role of pharmacists are crucial for harmoniously integrating the DRG or DIP system into the Chinese healthcare paradigm.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Farmacéuticos , Farmacéuticos , Humanos , Hospitales , China , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados , Investigación Cualitativa
12.
J Int Med Res ; 52(3): 3000605241233525, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518196

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of clinical presentations and factors associated with the management outcome of pediatric intussusception among children treated at Wolaita Sodo University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included the medical records of 103 children treated for intussusception from 2018 to 2020. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: In total, 84 (81.6%) patients were released with a favorable outcome. Ileocolic intussusception was a positive predictor, with a nine-fold higher likelihood of a favorable outcome than other types of intussusception [adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 9.16; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.39-21.2]. Additionally, a favorable outcome was three times more likely in patients who did than did not undergo manual reduction (AOR, 3.08; 95% CI, 3.05-5.48). Patients aged <1 year were 96% less likely to have a positive outcome than those aged >4 years (AOR, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.03-0.57). CONCLUSION: Most patients were discharged with favorable outcomes. Having ileocolic intussusception and undergoing manual reduction were associated with significantly more favorable outcomes of pediatric intussusception. Therefore, nonsurgical management such as hydrostatic enema and pneumatic reduction is recommended to reduce hospital discharge of patients with unfavorable outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades del Íleon , Intususcepción , Niño , Humanos , Lactante , Estudios Transversales , Intususcepción/terapia , Intususcepción/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Universidades , Enfermedades del Íleon/cirugía , Enema , Hospitales , Resultado del Tratamiento
13.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 24(1): 69, 2024 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The burden of chronic conditions is growing in Australia with people in remote areas experiencing high rates of disease, especially kidney disease. Health care in remote areas of the Northern Territory (NT) is complicated by a mobile population, high staff turnover, poor communication between health services and complex comorbid health conditions requiring multidisciplinary care. AIM: This paper aims to describe the collaborative process between research, government and non-government health services to develop an integrated clinical decision support system to improve patient care. METHODS: Building on established partnerships in the government and Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Service (ACCHS) sectors, we developed a novel digital clinical decision support system for people at risk of developing kidney disease (due to hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease) or with kidney disease. A cross-organisational and multidisciplinary Steering Committee has overseen the design, development and implementation stages. Further, the system's design and functionality were strongly informed by experts (Clinical Reference Group and Technical Working Group), health service providers, and end-user feedback through a formative evaluation. RESULTS: We established data sharing agreements with 11 ACCHS to link patient level data with 56 government primary health services and six hospitals. Electronic Health Record (EHR) data, based on agreed criteria, is automatically and securely transferred from 15 existing EHR platforms. Through clinician-determined algorithms, the system assists clinicians to diagnose, monitor and provide guideline-based care for individuals, as well as service-level risk stratification and alerts for clinically significant events. CONCLUSION: Disconnected health services and separate EHRs result in information gaps and a health and safety risk, particularly for patients who access multiple health services. However, barriers to clinical data sharing between health services still exist. In this first phase, we report how robust partnerships and effective governance processes can overcome these barriers to support clinical decision making and contribute to holistic care.


Asunto(s)
Sistemas de Apoyo a Decisiones Clínicas , Humanos , Atención a la Salud , Northern Territory , Hospitales , Medición de Riesgo
14.
J Integr Med ; 22(2): 180-187, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519276

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of medications for Parkinson's disease (PD) tend to decline over time, which has a serious impact on patients' health and quality of life. To some extent, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can resolve the distressing problem of ineffective dopaminergic medication in PD patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude, acceptance, and independent predictors of TCM in PD patients admitted to the outpatient department of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of PD patients was conducted in the outpatient department of a large tertiary hospital in Beijing from March 2022 to June 2023. A self-report questionnaire was developed to investigate PD patients' attitudes and acceptance of TCM based on the questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were also performed to further clarify the independent predictors influencing patients' adoption of TCM therapy. RESULTS: A total of 397 patients completed the questionnaire, of which 78.09% were willing to be treated with TCM and 21.91% indicated that they were not willing to use TCM. Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that several parameters were correlated with a patient's willingness to include TCM in their therapeutic regime. These included education level of a bachelor's degree (odds ratio [OR) = 8.554; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.112-17.794; P < 0.001, vs junior high school education), living in an urban setting (OR = 8.022; 95% CI: 4.577-14.060; P < 0.001, vs rural), having other underlying diseases (OR = 5.126; 95% CI: 3.078-8.537; P < 0.001, vs none), having previously used TCM (OR = 3.083; 95% CI: 1.852-5.134; P < 0.001, vs not used), believing that TCM therapy is safe (OR = 3.530; 95% CI: 1.446-8.616; P = 0.006, vs not thought), believing that TCM therapy is effective (OR = 3.859; 95% CI: 1.482-10.047; P = 0.006, vs not understood), and being willing to discuss ongoing TCM therapy with an attending physician (OR = 62.468; 95% CI: 30.350-128.574; P < 0.001, vs not informed). CONCLUSION: This study initially investigated the acceptance, attitude, and independent predictors of TCM use among PD patients. To expand the prevalence of TCM use among patients with PD, we recommend to broadening the public outreach for TCM via contemporary means of Internet and broadcast communication, enhancing access to TCM services in rural communities, and strengthening the communication between doctors and patients. Please cite this article as: Wang P, Hong J, Tang ZQ, Gong BZ, Qi XR, Jiang H, Pan B, Chen Q. The acceptance of traditional Chinese medicine among patients with Parkinson's disease: A hospital survey. J Integr Med. 2024; 22(2): 180-187.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Transversales , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Hospitales
15.
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes ; 185: 17-26, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448358

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is widespread in German hospitals, has a negative impact on therapeutic success and quality of life, and it leads to increasing costs. An individualized nutritional support by nutritional professionals in accordance with current guidelines was shown to reduce mortality of malnourished inpatients. Ideally, nutritional support is conducted by an interdisciplinary nutrition support team. Current data on the nutritional therapy in German hospitals is missing. METHODS: In order to ascertain the current status of nutritional support in hospitals in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, clinic managements of all hospitals in Baden-Württemberg received an online questionnaire. Affiliated hospitals, specialist hospitals, as well as hospitals with less than 50 beds were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: The response rate was 84% (n = 94). The presence of a nutrition support team was reported by 34% of the hospitals. Twelve percent of the hospitals meet the structural characteristic of the OPS Code 8-98j Ernährungsmedizinische Komplexbehandlung, which means that their nutrition support team includes a physician. A validated nutritional risk screening is performed in 72% of the hospitals. Only 40% of the hospitals report that this is performed throughout every department. Nutrition support teams are more often concerned with malnutrition, enteral and parenteral nutrition as compared to nutritionists who are not organized in a team. Moreover, nutrition support teams have a wider range of tasks and more often a physician as a team member. Also, nutritional risk screenings are more often applied in hospitals with nutrition support teams. DISCUSSION: Compared with a nationwide survey from 2004, there are markedly more nutrition support teams available in hospitals in Baden-Württemberg. When compared internationally, however, the rate of nutrition support teams is still low. In addition, there is no comprehensive nutritional care available. High-quality nutritional support is more often found in hospitals with nutrition support teams. CONCLUSION: There is still a great potential of improving clinical nutritional care in hospitals in Baden-Württemberg. Moreover, an increase in nutrition support teams, also comprising medical members, should be achieved. Therefore, legal regulations and a sufficient refinancing are indispensable.


Asunto(s)
Desnutrición , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Alemania , Apoyo Nutricional , Desnutrición/diagnóstico , Desnutrición/prevención & control , Hospitales , Nutrición Parenteral , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(3): 160, 2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532121

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The National Hospice and Palliative Registry contains patient data from German hospice and palliative care facilities about symptoms. The aim of the study at hand is to differentiate symptom burden of patients in palliative care units between Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) and other hospitals regarding symptom burden and relief of patients in palliative care units. METHODS: The registry analysis provided data of patients in palliative care units (2014-2018). We analyzed characteristic and symptom-related data on 18 symptoms, with considerable symptom-burdened patients (moderate or severe). We followed a cancer (yes/no) and facility-specific descriptive analysis (f, %, µ, Mdn, SD, V, r) using SPSS. RESULTS: We evaluated 10,447 patient records (CCC: 4234 pts/non CCC 6,213 pts), 82% with a cancer diagnosis. For cancer patients, the mean age in CCC-affiliated palliative care units was 68 (SD 19-99) years, in others 73 (SD 23-104) years (p < 0.05; V = 0.2). The proportion of patients with significant symptom burden is lower in CCC-affiliated than in other palliative care units. The difference between facilities shows a significant weak effect in pain, vomiting and constipation, depressiveness, anxiety, and tension. The proportion of cases which symptom burden could be alleviated is higher in CCC-affiliated palliative care units with significant weak/medium effect in pain, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, constipation, wound care problems, depressiveness, anxiety, tension, confusion, and problems in organizing care. CONCLUSION: We found differences in symptom burden and symptom relief between CCC-affiliated and other palliative care units. CCCs should continue to feel responsible for sharing knowledge about symptom relief, such as through standard operating procedures and education.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Anciano , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Carga Sintomática , Dolor , Hospitales , Vómitos , Estreñimiento
18.
Inquiry ; 61: 469580241236038, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465594

RESUMEN

This study aims to determine the vision and mission of an academic hospital's medical psychiatry unit (MPU) that exclusively treats geriatric patients. All healthcare providers working at an academic hospital's geriatric MPU were invited to reflect on formulate the vision and mission of this ward. Twenty-two of them took part in the focus group interviews. The interviews focused on defining the MPU's functioning, its objectives, how it will reach these objectives, and where the MPU aspires to go. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed according to the QUAGOL guide. The themes from the analysis emerged from these group discussions. The participants defined the MPU's vision as to excel in integrated mental and physical geriatric inpatient healthcare, inspiring others to shed the stigma related to this vulnerable patient population. The mission that emerged from the focus group discussions is to provide patient-centered, integrated healthcare for older adults with combined mental and physical disorders. To achieve this, involving the patient's network, interdisciplinarity, shared decision-making, clear communication between all stakeholders, and reintegration of patients into their communities emerged as important themes. This study provides a vision and mission of a geriatric MPU in an academic psychiatric hospital. Since there is no consensus in the literature about the characteristics of MPUs despite the international call for integrated care for older persons with combined mental and physical disorders, these vision and mission statements can feed the discussion on how to install excellent healthcare for this vulnerable patient population.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Psiquiatría , Humanos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Grupos Focales , Hospitales
19.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 114, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350890

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice is a condition caused by elevated levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Laboratory determination of serum bilirubin concentration by total serum bilirubin (TSB) test is still considered as gold standard for clinical guidance and practice. In developed countries, diagnosis of neonatal jaundice is shifting towards point-of-care medical devices. BiliDx is a device developed to allow a fast, blood-based determination of bilirubin levels at the point of care. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of the BiliDx device relative to a standard laboratory total serum bilirubin to diagnose and monitor jaundice among neonates admitted at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH). MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective hospital-based observational study conducted at the Neonatal Ward - MNH, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania from November 2022 to January 2023. A total of 180 neonates admitted at the neonatal ward with jaundice and whose parents consented were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were collected; 2 ml of venous blood into the vacutainer bottle for standard laboratory measurement of total serum bilirubin (TSB) and 25µL blood collected into a transfer pipette tube and applied to BiliDx. STATA version 15.1 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Out of 180 neonates, 39.4% (71/180) had birth weight between 1500 - 2499.9 g, approximately 2/3rd (120/180) were preterm, 92/180 (51.1%) were males and 100/180 (55.6%) were undergoing phototherapy treatment the moment sample taken. The mean bilirubin concentration was 92 mmol/l for BiliDx and 118 mmol/l for standard laboratory TSB. The minimum and maximum values obtained with BiliDx were, 3.4 and 427.5 mmol/l respectively, compared with 10.7 and 382.1 mmol/l using standard laboratory TSB. A linear relationship and correlation coefficient of 0.8408 (p = 0.000) between BiliDx and standard laboratory TSB was found. The regression analysis showed the presence of constant error [coefficient of BiliDx/slope = 0.91, 95% CI (0.82-0.99), p = 0.000] and random error exclusively [coefficient of constant/y-intercept = 48.52, 95%CI (37.70-59.34), p = 0.000]. The Bland-Altman plot showed an acceptable mean difference of 39.1mmol/l, limits of agreement of -48.3mmol/l to 126.4mmol/l, and 179 points (179/180 = 99.4%) lying inside the limits of agreement. CONCLUSION: The results support the use of BiliDx for rapid and accurate testing of elevated levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream among neonates since 99.4% of the differences between BiliDx and standard laboratory TSB lie between the lines of agreement.


Asunto(s)
Ictericia Neonatal , Ictericia , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Ictericia Neonatal/terapia , Bilirrubina , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Estudios Prospectivos , Ictericia/diagnóstico , Fototerapia , Hospitales , Tamizaje Neonatal/métodos
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