Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26.867
Filtrar
Más filtros

Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299234, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630770

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this investigation was to identify the main compounds and the pharmacological mechanism of the traditional Chinese medicine formulation, Gong Ying San (GYS), by infrared spectral absorption characteristics, metabolomics, network pharmacology, and molecular-docking analysis for mastitis. The antibacterial and antioxidant activities were determined in vitro. METHODS: The chemical constituents of GYS were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography Q-extractive mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QE-MS). Related compounds were screened from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP, http://tcmspw.com/tcmsp.php) and the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM, http://www.tcmip.cn/ETCM/index.php/Home/) databases; genes associated with mastitis were identified in DisGENT. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was generated using STRING. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment screening was conducted using the R module. Molecular-docking analyses were performed with the AutoDockTools V1.5.6. RESULTS: Fifty-four possible compounds in GYS with forty likely targets were found. The compound-target-network analysis showed that five of the ingredients, quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol, beta-sitosterol, and stigmasterol, had degree values >41.6, and the genes TNF, IL-6, IL-1ß, ICAM1, CXCL8, CRP, IFNG, TP53, IL-2, and TGFB1 were core targets in the network. Enrichment analysis revealed that pathways associated with cancer, lipids, atherosclerosis, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways may be critical in the pharmacology network. Molecular-docking data supported the hypothesis that quercetin and luteolin interacted well with TNF-α and IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: An integrative investigation based on a bioinformatics-network topology provided new insights into the synergistic, multicomponent mechanisms of GYS's anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidant activities. It revealed novel possibilities for developing new combination medications for reducing mastitis and its complications.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Mastitis , Animales , Femenino , Humanos , Bovinos , Farmacología en Red , Antioxidantes , Interleucina-6 , Luteolina , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Quercetina , Antibacterianos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Medicina Tradicional China
2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1357638, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576608

RESUMEN

Objectives: With the increasing number of people worldwide infected with SARS-CoV-2, the likelihood of co-infection and/or comorbidities is rising. The impact of these co-infections on the patient's immune system remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the immunological characteristics of secondary infections in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, and preliminarily predict potential therapeutic effects of traditional Chinese medicine and their derivatives for the treatment of co-infections. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we included 131 hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, of whom there were 64 mild and 67 severe cases. We analyzed clinical characteristics and immunologic data, including circulating immune cell numbers, levels of inflammatory factors and viral load, comparing COVID-19 patients with and without co-infection. Results: Among 131 hospitalized COVID-19 patients, 41 (31.3%) were co-infection positive, with 33 (80.5%) having severe disease and 14 (34.1%) of them resulting in fatalities. Co-infected patients exhibited significantly higher severity and mortality rates compared to non-co-infected counterparts. Co-infected patients had significantly lower absolute counts of lymphocytes, total T lymphocytes, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B lymphocytes, while levels of hs-CRP, PCT and IL-6 were significantly elevated compared to non-co-infected patients. Additionally, the viral load of co-infected patients was significantly higher than non-co-infected patients. Conclusion: Co-infection emerges as a dangerous factor for COVID-19 patients, elevating the risk of severe pneumonia and mortality. Co-infection suppresses the host's immune response by reducing the number of lymphocytes and increasing inflammation, thereby diminishing the antiviral and anti-infective effects of the immune system, which promotes the severity of the disease. Therefore, it is crucial to implement infection prevention measures to minimize the spread of co-infections among COVID-19 hospitalized patients. Additionally, changes in these biomarkers provide a theoretical basis for the effective treatment of co-infections with traditional Chinese medicine.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Coinfección , Humanos , Coinfección/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2 , Linfocitos T CD8-positivos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medicina Tradicional China
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37744, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608118

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: This report presents a unique case of a patient diagnosed with Primary Sjögren's syndrome and a relatively rare traditional Chinese medicine pattern, known as the combined cold and heat pattern and cold-dampness syndrome. The patient's condition was successfully managed using Chinese herbal medicine, specifically the modified Da-Chai-Hu decoction and Linggui Zhugan decoction. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old woman had chronic dry eye and mouth for over 10 years. She was initially managed with traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCHM) prescriptions, including the Zengye decoction, but the therapeutic effects were unsatisfactory. As the disease progressed, she was diagnosed with an anxiety disorder due to symptoms of vexation and insomnia. Treatment with alprazolam and venlafaxine failed to alleviate these symptoms. Recently, her general condition gradually worsened, with symptoms including a bitter taste in her mouth, dizziness, hot flashes, chills, poor appetite, chest discomfort, and constipation. DIAGNOSES: After a series of examinations, including a Schirmer test and labial gland biopsy, she was diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Despite regular treatment with pilocarpine, sodium hyaluronate eye drops, venlafaxine, and alprazolam, the dry mouth symptoms intensified. Consequently, she sought further intervention through the TCHM. OUTCOMES: After 8 weeks of treatment with the modified Da-Chai-Hu decoction and Linggui Zhugan decoction, she reported a significant improvement in her dryness-related symptoms and sleep quality. LESSONS: This case report demonstrates that TCHM can effectively treat Primary Sjögren's syndrome, and should be considered for broader applications. Furthermore, this underscores the importance of tailoring treatment formulas to patients by identifying their specific syndrome differentiation in a clinical setting.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Síndrome de Sjögren , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Alprazolam , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional China , Síndrome de Sjögren/complicaciones , Síndrome de Sjögren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjögren/tratamiento farmacológico , Clorhidrato de Venlafaxina
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(4): 463-468, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621735

RESUMEN

There is a rich record on body terms in Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic). The authors classify them into 4 dimensions, including "structure of human body", "constant concern of human body", "symptoms" of disease and "sites" of acupuncture, which corresponds to anatomy, physiology, pathology (including diagnosis) and treatment from the perspective of acupuncture. It is based on the knowledge described by these 4 categories of body terms, acupuncturists recognize the body in treatment. Through the correlation among these terms, the acupuncturists understand acupuncture as a therapeutic technique delivered to "the site of needling" under the guidance of ancient anatomy, physiology and pathology.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Medicina en la Literatura , Meridianos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China , Puntos de Acupuntura
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 580-586, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621861

RESUMEN

Personalized traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations have entered a stage of rapid development. The key to the healthy development of this industry is to establish a sound manufacturing standard and quality control system. This paper analyzed the characteristics of personalized TCM preparations and drew reference from the quality management standards in the production of commissioned decoctions and oral pastes, on the basis of which the production quality management scheme and cautions for the safe production of personalized TCM preparations was put forward with consideration to various problems that may exist and occur in the production of such preparations. It provided references for formulating the production standards and quality management system of personalized TCM preparations. The production standards and quality control system should develop with the times. In the future, modern technologies such as big data and artificial intelligence should be employed to achieve the automated and intelligent production and establish a sound quality traceability system, online control strategy, and safety management mode of personalized TCM preparations, which will ensure the healthy development of this industry under requirement of good manufacturing practice(GMP).


Asunto(s)
Productos Biológicos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Inteligencia Artificial , Control de Calidad , Estándares de Referencia
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 596-606, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621863

RESUMEN

This study aims to optimize the prediction model of personalized water pills that has been established by our research group. Dioscoreae Rhizoma, Leonuri Herba, Codonopsis Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, and calcined Oyster were selected as model medicines of powdery, fibrous, sugary, oily, and brittle materials, respectively. The model prescriptions were obtained by uniform mixing design. With hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E5(HPMC-E5) aqueous solution as the adhesive, personalized water pills were prepared by extrusion and spheronizaition. The evaluation indexes in the pill preparation process and the multi-model statistical analysis were employed to optimize and evaluate the prediction model of personalized water pills. The prediction equation of the adhesive concentration was obtained as follows: Y_1=-4.172+3.63X_A+15.057X_B+1.838X_C-0.997X_D(adhesive concentration of 10% when Y_1<0, and 20% when Y_1>0). The overall accuracy of the prediction model for adhesive concentration was 96.0%. The prediction equation of adhesive dosage was Y_2=6.051+94.944X_A~(1.5)+161.977X_B+70.078X_C~2+12.016X_D~(0.3)+27.493X_E~(0.3)-2.168X_F~(-1)(R~2=0.954, P<0.001). Furthermore, the semantic prediction model for material classification of traditional Chinese medicines was used to classify the materials contained in the prescription, and thus the prediction model of personalized water pills was evaluated. The results showed that the prescriptions for model evaluation can be prepared with one-time molding, and the forming quality was better than that established by the research group earlier. This study has achieved the optimization of the prediction model of personalized water pills.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Agua , Semántica , Prescripciones
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 569-570, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621859

RESUMEN

The development of modern omics technology has facilitated in-depth research on many disciplines in the field of medicine. For instance, the introduction of omics-related technology has facilitated research on the mechanism of formula's action and led to the innovative development of sophisticated pharmacological analysis methods. However, in general, the previous ideas are only limited to the application level, failing to integrate with the discipline connotation of formulaology. Furthermore, they are unable to fulfill their potential role in the future evolution of formulaology and steer comprehensive research on the clinical efficacy and safety of formulas. We should not forget our origins, which are compatible with other countries, and embrace the future. Therefore, this paper proposes the three essentials of "holism, macro, and practice" to investigate the future direction of high-quality development in fangjiomics.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina , Medicina Tradicional China , Tecnología , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 607-617, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621864

RESUMEN

This study aims to optimize the composite excipients suitable for the preparation of concentrated water pills of personalized traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions by the extruding-rounding method and investigate the roles of each excipient in the preparation process. The fiber materials and powder materials were taken as the standard materials suitable as excipients in the preparation of personalized concentrated water pills without excipient. Water absorption properties and torque rheology were used as indicators for selecting the materials of composite excipients. The ratio of composite excipients was optimized by D-optimal mixture design. Moreover, to demonstrate the universal applicability of the optimal composite excipients, this study selected three traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions with low, medium, and high extraction rates to verify the optimal ratio. Finally, the effects of each selected excipient on the molding of personalized concentrated water pills were investigated with the four parameters of the pill molding quality as indicators. The optimized composite excipients were dextrin∶microcrystalline cellulose(MCC)∶low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose(L-HPC) at a ratio of 1∶2∶4. The composite excipients were used for the preparation of personalized concentrated water pills with stable process, good quality, and a wide range of application. Dextrin acted as a diluent and accelerated the speed of extruding. MCC mainly served as an adhesive, increasing the cohesion and viscosity of the pills. L-HPC as a water absorbent and disintegrating agent can absorb and hold the water of the concentrate and has a strong disintegration effect.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Excipientes , Excipientes/química , Medicina Tradicional China , Agua/química , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 571-579, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621860

RESUMEN

In recent years, as people's living standards continue to improve, and the pace of life accelerates dramatically, the demand and quality of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) services from patients continue to rise. As an essential supplement to the existing forms of TCM application, such as Chinese patent medicine, decoction, and formulated granules, presonalized TCM preparations is facing an increasing market demand. Currently, manual and semi-mechanized production are the primary production ways in presonalized TCM preparations. However, the production process control level is low, and digitalization and informatization need to be improved, which restricts the automated and intelligent development of presonalized TCM preparations. Presonalized TCM preparations faces a significant opportunity and challenge in integrating with intelligent manufacturing through research and development of intelligent equipment and core technology. This paper overviews the connotation and characteristics of intelligent manufacturing and summarizes the application of intelligent manufacturing technologies such as "Internet of things" "big data", and "artificial intelligence" in the TCM industry. Based on the innovative research and development model of "intelligent classification of TCM materials, intelligent decision making of prescription and process, and online control and intelligent production" of presonalized TCM preparations, the research practice and achievements from our research group in the field of intelligent manufacturing of presonalized TCM preparations are introduced. Ultimately, the paper proposes the direction for developing intelligent manufacturing of presonalized TCM preparations, which will provide a reference for the research and application of automation and intelligence of presonalized TCM preparations.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Control de Calidad , Tecnología Farmacéutica , Inteligencia
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 625-633, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621866

RESUMEN

Extracts are important intermediates in the production of traditional Chinese medicines preparations. The drying effect of extracts will directly affect the subsequent production process and the quality of the preparation. To meet the requirements of high drug loading, short time consumption, and simple production process of personalized traditional Chinese medicine preparations, this study explored the application of multi-program microwave vacuum drying process in the extract drying of personalized traditional Chinese medicine preparations. The influencing factors of microwave vacuum drying process were investigated for 5 excipients and 40 prescriptions. Taking the feasibility of drying, drying rate, drying time, and dried extract status as indicators, this study investigated the feeding requirements of microwave vacuum drying. With the dried extract status as the evaluation indicator, the three drying programs(A, B, and C) were compared to obtain the optimal drying condition. The experimental results showed that the optimal feeding conditions for microwave vacuum drying were material layer thickness of 2 cm and C program(a total of 7 drying processes), which solved the problem of easy scorching in microwave drying with process management. Furthermore, the preset moisture content of the dried extract in microwave drying should be 4%-5%, so that the dried extract of traditional Chinese medicine preparation had uniform quality, complete drying, and no scorching. This study lays a foundation for the application of microwave drying in the production of traditional Chinese medicine preparations, promoting the high-quality development of personalized traditional Chinese medicine preparations.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Microondas , Vacio , Desecación/métodos , Extractos Vegetales
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 634-643, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621867

RESUMEN

This paper aims to study the correlation between the physicochemical properties of raw materials and intermediates and the molding quality and law of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) gel plaster by using TCM slices and powder as raw materials. 48 TCM compounds are selected as model prescriptions to prepare gel plasters. The rotational rheometer is used to determine the rheological parameters of the plaster, including storage modulus(G'), loss modulus(G″), yield stress(τ), and creep compliance [J(t)]. The molding quality of the prepared TCM gel plaster is evaluated by subjective and objective measures. Clustering and principal component analysis are conducted to evaluate the physical properties of the plaster. By measuring the rheological properties of the plaster, the molding quality of the TCM gel plaster can be predicted, with an accuracy of 83.72% after seven days of modeling and 88.37% after 30 days of modeling. When the parameters such as G' and G″ of the plaster are large, and the [J(t)] is small, the molding quality of the plaster is better. When the plaster coating point is no less than 3, it is difficult to be coated. In addition, when the proportion of metal ions in the prescription is higher, the 30-day forming quality of the plaster is mainly affected, and the viscosity of the plaster is poor. If the prescription contains many acidic chemical components, the 7-day forming quality of the plaster is mainly affected, with many residuals. The results suggest that the rheological properties of the plaster can be used to predict the molding quality of TCM slice and powder gel plaster. It can provide a reference for the development of TCM gel plaster prescriptions.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Prescripciones , Polvos , Viscosidad , Reología
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 587-595, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621862

RESUMEN

A method for material classification of traditional Chinese medicines based on the physical properties of powder has been established by our research group. This method involves pre-treatment of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, powder preparation, and determination of physical properties, being cumbersome. In this study, the word segmentation logic of semantic analysis was adopted to establish the thesaurus and local standardized semantic word segmentation database with the macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of 36 model traditional Chinese medicines as the basic data. The physical properties of these medicines have been determined and the classification of these medicines is clear in the cluster analysis. A total of 55 keywords for powdery, fibrous, sugary, oily, and brittle materials were screened by association rules and the set inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the weights of the keywords were calculated. Furthermore, the algorithms of the keyword matching scores and the computation rules of the single or multiple material classification were established for building the intelligent model of semantic analysis for the material classification. The semantic classification results of the other 35 TCMs except Pseudostellariae Radix(multi-material medicine) agreed with the clustering results based on the physical properties of the powder, with an agreement rate of 97.22%. In model validation, the prediction results of semantic classification of traditional Chinese medicines were consistent with the clustering results based on the physical properties of powder, with an agreement rate of 83.33%. The results showed that the method of material classification based on semantic analysis was feasible, which laid a foundation for the development of intelligent decision-making technology for personalized traditional Chinese medicine preparations.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Polvos , Semántica , Raíces de Plantas
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 644-652, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621868

RESUMEN

This study aims to optimize the matrix formulation for the hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster of personalized traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations and verify the applicability of the formulation. The central composite design in JMP Pro 16.1.0 was employed to optimize the dosages of styrene-isoprene-styrene triblock copolymer(SIS), hydrogenated petroleum resin, and lightweight liquid paraffin, with the fine powder of Yipifang as the model drug(drug loading of 10%) and the sensory score and objective evaluation as the comprehensive evaluation indicators. The quality evaluation system of hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster of personalized TCM preparations was established. The applicability of the optimized matrix formulation of hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster was verified with 16 TCM preparations for external application. Furthermore, the applicability of the matrix formulation was investigated with different drug loadings. The general molding matrix formulation was SIS∶hydrogenated petroleum resin∶lightweight liquid paraffin 3∶3∶5. The optimized matrix formulation showed good molding properties and high quality scores for 16 TCM preparations and were suitable for the plastering of finely powdered decoction pieces with a loading capacity of 10% to 30%. The results suggest that the optimized matrix formulation has good applicability and is suitable for TCM preparations. The findings lay a foundation for the application and promotion of the hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plasters of personalized TCM preparations.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Petróleo , Medicina Tradicional China , Aceite Mineral , Poliestirenos
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 671-680, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621871

RESUMEN

Traditional Chinese medicine is precious treasure of ancient Chinese science and a key to unlocking the treasure trove of Chinese civilization. To elucidate the efficacy and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines, scientists have been engaged in the research on the molecular basis and regulatory targets. Molecular docking is a computer-aided drug design method capable of visualizing the interaction between components and target proteins. With the progress in the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine and the advancement of algorithms and computing power, molecular docking has become an essential approach in the development of new traditional Chinese medicines. This article summarizes the recent research progress in molecular docking in the development of traditional Chinese medicine, aiming to provide valuable references for further screening of active components and offering insights for improving the development of new traditional Chinese medicines.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 618-624, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621865

RESUMEN

In the process of preparing presonalized concentrated watered pills, the decoction needs to be concentrated by heat and mixed with medicinal slices or powder to prepare a wet mass. However, some of the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) components are easily decomposed or transformed by heat. In order to optimize the preparation process of presonalized TCM concentrated watered pills and reduce the loss of heat-unstable components in prescriptions, this study uses five compound TCM prescriptions containing heat-unstable components as model prescriptions, namely the Linggui Zhugan Formula, Xiaochengqi Formula, Sanpian Formula, Xiaoer Qixing Formula, and Xiaoyao Formula. Based on the two kinds of preparation process of presonalized concentrated watered pills previously established by our research group, whole extract concentrated watered pills and concentrated watered pills without excipients are prepared, respectively. Characteristic maps are measured and compared with those of the corresponding decoction. The results show that the characteristic maps of the concentrated watered pills without excipients of the five model prescriptions are very close to those of the decoction, and the number of characteristic peaks and peak areas are higher than those of whole extract concentrated watered pills. In addition, the peak area of some peaks is higher than that of the corresponding decoction. Thus, it is recommended to select the preparation process of prescription-based concentrated watered pills without excipients based on the "unification of medicines and excipients" to preserve those heat-unstable components more effectively when the prescription contains a heat-unstable component of TCM. This study provides a basis for the subsequent reasonable development and application of presonalized TCM pills.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Excipientes , Calor , Prescripciones
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 653-660, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621869

RESUMEN

Quorum sensing system regulates the expression of genes related to bacterial growth, metabolism and other behaviors by sensing bacterial density, and controls the unified action of the entire bacterial population. This mechanism can ensure the normal secretion of bacterial metabolites and the stability of the biofilm microenvironment, providing protection for the formation of biofilms and the normal growth and reproduction of bacteria. Traditional Chinese medicine, capable of quorum sensing inhibition, can inhibit the formation of bacterial biofilms, reduce bacterial resistance, and enhance the anti-infection ability of antibiotics when combined with antibiotics. In recent years, the combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the treatment of drug-resistant bacterial infections has become a research hotspot. Starting with the associations between quorum sensing, biofilm and drug-resistant bacteria, this paper reviews the relevant studies about the combined application of traditional Chinese medicines as quorum sensing inhibitors with antibiotics in the treatment of drug-resistant bacteria. This review is expected to provide ideas for the development of new clinical treatment methods and novel anti-infection drugs.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas , Percepción de Quorum , Humanos , Percepción de Quorum/genética , Medicina Tradicional China , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Bacterias/genética , Biopelículas , Infecciones Bacterianas/tratamiento farmacológico
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 836-841, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621887

RESUMEN

This study aims to construct the element relationship and extension path of clinical evidence knowledge map with Chinese patent medicine, providing basic technical support for the formation and transformation of the evidence chain of Chinese patent medicine and providing collection, induction, and summary schemes for massive and disorganized clinical data. Based on the elements of evidence-based PICOS, the conventional construction methods of knowledge graph were collected and summarized. Firstly, the data entities related to Chinese patent medicine were classified, and entity linking was performed(disambiguation). Secondly, the study associated and classified the attribute information of the data entity. Finally, the logical relationship between entities was constructed, and then the element relationship and extension path of the knowledge map conforming to the characteristics of clinical evidence of Chinese patent medicine were summarized. The construction of the clinical evidence knowledge map of Chinese patent medicine was mainly based on process design and logical structure, and the element relationship of the knowledge map was expressed according to the PICOS principle and evidence level. The extension path crossed three levels(model layer, data layer application, and new evidence application), and the study gradually explored the path from disease, core evaluation indicators, Chinese patent medicine, core prescriptions, syndrome and treatment rules, and medical case comparison(evolution law) to new drug research and development. In this study, the top-level design of the construction of the clinical evidence knowledge map of Chinese patent medicine has been clarified, but it still needs the joint efforts of interdisciplinary disciplines. With the continuous improvement of the map construction technology in line with the characteristics of TCM, the study can provide necessary basic technical support and reference for the development of the TCM discipline.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicamentos sin Prescripción/uso terapéutico , Tecnología , Minería de Datos/métodos
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 842-848, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621888

RESUMEN

Due to the lack of specialized guidance, the post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines demonstrates varied quality and lacks high-quality evidence, failing to meet the demands of policy-making, clinical decision-making, and industrial decision-making. To address this issue, this project gathered experts in clinical medicine, clinical pharmacy, evidence-based medicine, drug epidemiology, medical ethics, and policy and regulation in China. They referred to the model of international post-marketing research on medicines and developed Guidelines for post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines under the framework of relevant laws and regulations and technical guidance documents in China. The guidelines were developed with consideration to the characteristics of Chinese patent medicines, China's national conditions, and all the stakeholders including marketing authorization holders, clinical researchers, drug administration, and users. The development of the guidelines followed the requirements for developing group standards set by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The guidelines fully implement the concept of full life-cycle research, emphasizing the combination of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory, human use experience, and clinical trials and pay attention to the compliance, scientificity, and ethics of research. The guidelines clarify the topic selection and decision-making path of the post-marketing research on effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines through six steps: determining research purpose, analyzing drug characteristics, evaluating research basis, proposing clinical orientation, clarifying research purpose, and implementing classified research. The general principles of research design and implementation were clarified from eight aspects: research type, research objects, sample size, efficacy indicators, bias, missing data, evidence level, and practicality. It focuses on the research on the TCM syndrome-based efficacy evaluation, clinical value-oriented mechanism of action, and the effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines with different routes of administration. The guidelines provide a universal methodological basis for the post-marketing research on clinical effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicamentos sin Prescripción , Humanos , Medicamentos sin Prescripción/uso terapéutico , Medicina Tradicional China , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Resultado del Tratamiento , China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 849-852, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621889

RESUMEN

Chinese drug registration laws and regulations have always reserved a place for the new traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) drugs for syndromes, but so far no such new drugs have been approved for registration. This paper expounded on the relevant policies, regulations, and technologies of new TCM drugs for syndromes in China and pointed out that the application of the animal model of TCM syndromes to carry out pharmacodynamics research and clinical efficacy evaluation criteria of TCM syndromes were the main technical difficulties in the research and development of new TCM drugs for syndromes. Not all syndromes are suitable for developing new drugs, and the indications for new TCM drugs should be constant syndromes. Among the three research and development models of simple syndrome, syndrome-unified disease, and combined disease and syndrome, the research and development model of combined disease and syndrome is recommended. Clinical positioning is the key to new TCM drugs for syndromes. It is encouraged to conduct high-quality human use experience studies to determine the clinical positioning of new TCM drugs for syndromes, as well as the target population, dose, course of treatment, and initial therapeutic and safety, and apply for exemption from non-clinical effectiveness studies. Clinical trials of new TCM drugs for syndromes should take the target symptoms or signs as the main efficacy index and the efficacy of TCM syndromes as the secondary efficacy index. Clinical research program design should implement the "patient-centered" concept and introduce clinical outcome evaluation indicators. In the clinical safety evaluation, special conditions such as characteristic syndromes and changes should be considered. With the construction of the human use experience technology system and the promotion of the TCM registration and evaluation evidence system featuring the "combination of TCM theory, human use experience, and clinical trials", it is believed that many high-quality new TCM drugs for syndromes will be developed in the future.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina Tradicional China , Humanos , Investigación , Síndrome , China , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 853-857, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621892

RESUMEN

Gypsum Fibrosum, as a classic heat-clearing medicine, is widely used in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). However, debates exist about the material basis and mechanism of its efficacy. Therefore, this paper reviewed the recent research progress in the heat-clearing effect and mechanism of Gypsum Fibrosum and discussed the material basis for the heat-clearing effect of this medicine. Ca~(2+) may inhibit the upward movement of temperature set point by regulating the Na~+/Ca~(2+) level in the heat-regulating center. Moreover, trace elements may inhibit the rise of body temperature by regulating the immune system, promoting the absorption of Ca~(2+), and affecting the synthesis of prostaglandin E2(PGE2). This review aims to enrich the knowledge about the mechanism of Gypsum Fibrosum in clearing heat and provides a scientific basis for the clinical application and further development of Gypsum Fibrosum.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Sulfato de Calcio/farmacología , Calor , Medicina Tradicional China
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA