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1.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 104: adv39927, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629891

RESUMEN

Narrow-band TL-01 ultraviolet B phototherapy (TL-01) is an effective and widely used treatment for many skin diseases. The purpose of the investigation was to assess the risk of skin cancers in patients treated with TL-01 phototherapy who have not received any other phototherapy modalities. This cohort study included 4,815 TL-01 treated patients in Finland with psoriasis or atopic dermatitis. Clinical information was collected from the hospital records and linked with Finnish Cancer Registry data. The follow-up started from the first TL-01 treatment and the mean follow-up time was 8.4 years. Standardized incidence ratios were calculated for basal cell carcinoma, cutaneous melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. The standardized incidence ratio for basal cell carcinoma was 2.5 (95% confidence interval 1.8-3.5), for cutaneous melanoma 4.0 (95% confidence interval 2.1-6.8) and for squamous cell carcinoma 3.7 (95% confidence interval 1.7-7.0). For basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the standardized incidence ratios remained similar during the whole follow-up time while the standardized incidence ratio for cutaneous melanoma was markedly higher during the first 5 years of follow-up. In conclusion, an increased incidence of skin cancers was observed among TL-01 treated patients. It should be confirmed in the future whether the skin cancer risk of TL-01 phototherapy will remain high in a longer follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Basocelular , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Melanoma , Psoriasis , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Terapia Ultravioleta , Humanos , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Cutáneas/etiología , Melanoma/epidemiología , Melanoma/complicaciones , Estudios de Cohortes , Fototerapia/efectos adversos , Terapia Ultravioleta/efectos adversos , Psoriasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiología , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiología , Carcinoma Basocelular/terapia
2.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 223: 116197, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583810

RESUMEN

Brusatol (Bru), a main extract from traditional Chinese medicine Brucea javanica, has been reported to exist antitumor effect in many tumors including melanoma. However, the underlying mechanism in its anti-melanoma effect still need further exploration. Here, we reported that the protein expression of KLF4 in melanoma cells were significantly downregulated in response to brusatol treatment. Overexpression of KLF4 suppressed brusatol-induced melanoma cell apoptosis; while knockdown of KLF4 enhanced antitumor effects of brusatol on melanoma cells not only in vitro but also in vivo. Further studies on the mechanism revealed that KLF4 bound to the promoter of NCK2 directly and facilitated NCK2 transcription, which suppressed the antitumor effect of brusatol on melanoma. Furthermore, our findings showed that miR-150-3p was dramatically upregulated under brusatol treatment which resulted in the downregulation of KLF4. Our results suggested that the miR-150-3p/KLF4/NCK2 axis might play an important role in the antitumour effects of brusatol in melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , MicroARNs , Cuassinas , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/metabolismo , Cuassinas/farmacología , Apoptosis , MicroARNs/genética , MicroARNs/farmacología , Proteínas Oncogénicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/metabolismo
3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 199, 2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654266

RESUMEN

Considering the high recrudescence and the long-lasting unhealed large-sized wound that affect the aesthetics and cause dysfunction after resection of maxillofacial malignant skin tumors, a groundbreaking strategy is urgently needed. Photothermal therapy (PTT), which has become a complementary treatment of tumors, however, is powerless in tissue defect regeneration. Therefore, a novel multifunctional sodium nitroprusside and Fe2+ ions loaded microneedles (SNP-Fe@MNs) platform was fabricated by accomplishing desirable NIR-responsive photothermal effect while burst releasing nitric oxide (NO) after the ultraviolet radiation for the ablation of melanoma. Moreover, the steady releasing of NO in the long term by the platform can exert its angiogenic effects via upregulating multiple related pathways to promote tissue regeneration. Thus, the therapeutic dilemma caused by postoperative maxillofacial skin malignancies could be conquered through promoting tumor cell apoptosis via synergistic PTT-gas therapy and subsequent regeneration process in one step. The bio-application of SNP-Fe@MNs could be further popularized based on its ideal bioactivity and appealing features as a strategy for synergistic therapy of other tumors occurred in skin.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Óxido Nítrico , Terapia Fototérmica , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Animales , Terapia Fototérmica/métodos , Ratones , Neoplasias Cutáneas/terapia , Melanoma/terapia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/farmacología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Agujas , Humanos , Nitroprusiato/farmacología , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Piel , Hierro/química , Rayos Ultravioleta
4.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 156, 2024 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605368

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The clinical application of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is limited by their drug resistance, necessitating the development of ICI sensitizers to improve cancer immunotherapy outcomes. Huang Lian Jie Du Decoction (HLJD, Oren-gedoku-to in Japanese, Hwangryunhaedok-tang in Korean), a famous traditional Chinese medicinal prescription, has exhibited potential in the field of cancer treatment. This study aims to investigate the impact of HLJD on the efficacy of ICIs in melanoma and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The potential synergistic effects of HLJD and ICIs were investigated on the tumor-bearing mice model of B16F10 melanoma, and the tumor infiltration of immune cells was tested by flow cytometry. The differential gene expression in tumors between HLJD and ICIs group and ICIs alone group were analyzed by RNA-seq. The effects of HLJD on oxidative stress, TLR7/8, and type I interferons (IFN-Is) signaling were further validated by immunofluorescence, PCR array, and immunochemistry in tumor tissue. RESULTS: HLJD enhanced the anti-tumor effect of ICIs, significantly inhibited tumor growth, and prolonged the survival duration in melanoma. HLJD increased the tumor infiltration of anti-tumor immune cells, especially DCs, CD4+ T cells and CD8+T cells. Mechanically, HLJD activated the oxidative stress and TLR7/8 signaling pathway and IFN-Is-related genes in tumors. CONCLUSIONS: HLJD enhanced the therapeutic benefits of ICIs in melanoma, through increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS), promoting the TLR7/8 pathway, and activating IFN-Is signaling, which in turn activated DCs and T cells.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico , Melanoma , Ratones , Animales , Inhibidores de Puntos de Control Inmunológico/farmacología , Coptis chinensis , Receptor Toll-Like 7 , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Transducción de Señal
5.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 42(4): 249-266, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662504

RESUMEN

Background: Vitamin D (VitD) properties can impact cancer cells. Despite the documented link between VitD levels and prevalence of several cancer types, conflicting findings have been reported for cutaneous melanoma (CM). Objective: This overview aims to compile the evidence from existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses, emphasizing the relationships between VitD serum levels, intake, receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms, and CM risk. Methods: A literature search in electronic databases was conducted, based on certain inclusion criteria. Results: Twenty-one studies were included. Conflicting evidence between high VitD serum levels, dietary/supplementary intake, and CM risk is highlighted. VDR polymorphisms may play a role in the intricate CM pathogenesis. Also, high serum levels of VitD are associated with improved CM prognosis. Conclusions: This overview showed that the impact of VitD on CM is not clear, and thus further research is suggested to explore its true effect size on CM risk.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Receptores de Calcitriol , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Vitamina D , Humanos , Melanoma/epidemiología , Melanoma/genética , Neoplasias Cutáneas/epidemiología , Vitamina D/sangre , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Factores de Riesgo , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Polimorfismo Genético , Melanoma Cutáneo Maligno
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 1): 130694, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458284

RESUMEN

Zinc oxide (ZnO) has attracted a substantial interest in cancer research owing to their promising utility in cancer imaging and therapy. This study aimed to synthesized ZnO nanoflowers coated with albumin to actively target and the inhibit skin melanoma cells. We synthesized bovine serum albumin (BSA)-coated ZnO nanoflowers (BSA@ZnO NFs) and evaluated it's in vitro and in vivo therapeutic efficacy for skin cancer cells. BSA@ZnO NFs were prepared via single-step reduction method in the presence of plant extract (Heliotropium indicum) act as a capping agent, and further the successful fabrication was established by various physico-chemical characterizations, such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and x-rays diffraction (XRD) analysis. The fabricated BSA@ZnO NFs appeared flower like with multiple cone-shaped wings and average hydration size of 220.8 ± 12.6 nm. Further, BSA@ZnO NFs showed enhanced cellular uptake and cytocidal effects against skin cancer cells by inhibiting their growth via oxidative stress compared uncoated ZnO NFs. Moreover, BSA@ZnO NFs showed enhance biosafety, blood circulation time, tumor accumulation and in vivo tumor growth inhibition compared to ZnO NFs. In short, our findings suggesting BSA@ZnO NFs as a promising candidate for various types of cancer treatment along with chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Nanopartículas del Metal , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Óxido de Zinc , Animales , Humanos , Óxido de Zinc/farmacología , Óxido de Zinc/química , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Albúmina Sérica Bovina/química , Neoplasias Cutáneas/tratamiento farmacológico , Estrés Oxidativo , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Nanopartículas del Metal/química , Extractos Vegetales/química
7.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(4): 2324-2336, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520335

RESUMEN

Many methods for cancer treatment have been developed. Among them photothermal therapy (PTT) has drawn the most significant attention due to its noninvasiveness, remote control activation, and low side effects. However, a limited depth of light penetration of PTT is the main drawback. To improve the therapeutic efficiency, the development of combined PTT with other therapeutic agents is highly desirable. In this work, we have designed multifunctional composite carriers based on polylactic acid (PLA) particles decorated with gold nanorods (Au NRs) as nanoheaters and selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) for reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in order to perform a combined PTT against B16-F10 melanoma. To do this, we have optimized the synthesis of PLA particles modified with Se NPs and Au NRs (PLA-Se:Au), studied the cellular interactions of PLA particles with B16-F10 cells, and analyzed in vivo biodistribution and tumor inhibition efficiency. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated the synergistic effect from ROS induced by Se NPs and the heating from Au NRs. In melanoma tumor-bearing mice, intratumoral injection of PLA-Se:Au followed by laser irradiation leads to almost complete elimination of tumor tissues. Thus, the optimal photothermal properties and ROS-generating capacity allow us to recommend PLA-Se:Au as a promising candidate for the development of the combined PTT against melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Hipertermia Inducida , Melanoma , Nanopartículas del Metal , Animales , Ratones , Melanoma/terapia , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Distribución Tisular , Nanopartículas del Metal/uso terapéutico , Poliésteres
8.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474645

RESUMEN

Fruit peels might be a valuable source of active ingredients for cosmetics, leading to more sustainable usage of plant by-products. The aim of the study was to evaluate the phytochemical content and selected biological properties of hydroglycolic extracts from peels and pulps of Annona cherimola, Diospyros kaki, Cydonia oblonga, and Fortunella margarita as potential cosmetic ingredients. Peel and pulp extracts were compared for their antiradical activity (using DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays), skin-lightening potential (tyrosinase inhibitory assay), sun protection factor (SPF), and cytotoxicity toward human fibroblast, keratinocyte, and melanoma cell lines. The total content of polyphenols and/or flavonoids was significantly higher in peel than in pulp extracts, and the composition of particular active compounds was also markedly different. The HPLC-MS fingerprinting revealed the presence of catechin, epicatechin and rutoside in the peel of D. kaki, whereas kaempferol glucoside and procyanidin A were present only in the pulp. In A. cherimola, catechin, epicatechin and rutoside were identified only in the peel of the fruit, whereas procyanidins were traced only in the pulp extracts. Quercetin and luteolinidin were found to be characteristic compounds of F. margarita peel extract. Naringenin and hesperidin were found only in the pulp of F. margarita. The most significant compositional variety between the peel and pulp extracts was observed for C. oblonga: Peel extracts contained a higher number of active components (e.g., vicenin-2, kaempferol rutinoside, or kaempferol galactoside) than pulp extract. The radical scavenging potential of peel extracts was higher than of the pulp extracts. D. kaki and F. margarita peel and pulp extracts inhibited mushroom and murine tyrosinases at comparable levels. The C. oblonga pulp extract was a more potent mushroom tyrosinase inhibitor than the peel extract. Peel extract of A. cherimola inhibited mushroom tyrosinase but activated the murine enzyme. F. margarita pulp and peel extracts showed the highest in vitro SPF. A. cherimola, D. kaki, and F. margarita extracts were not cytotoxic for fibroblasts and keratinocytes up to a concentration of 2% (v/v) and the peel extracts were cytotoxic for A375 melanoma cells. To summarize, peel extracts from all analyzed fruit showed comparable or better cosmetic-related properties than pulp extracts and might be considered multifunctional active ingredients of skin lightening, anti-aging, and protective cosmetics.


Asunto(s)
Annona , Catequina , Diospyros , Melanoma , Rosaceae , Rutaceae , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Catequina/análisis , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Diospyros/química , Quempferoles/análisis , Monofenol Monooxigenasa , Pulgar , Frutas/química , Rosaceae/química , Rutina/análisis , Fitoquímicos/análisis , Extractos Vegetales/química
9.
Am J Chin Med ; 52(2): 541-563, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490807

RESUMEN

Quercetin (3,3[Formula: see text],4[Formula: see text],5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is a bioactive plant-derived flavonoid, abundant in fruits and vegetables, that can effectively inhibit the growth of many types of tumors without toxicity. Nevertheless, the effect of quercetin on melanoma immunology has yet to be determined. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of the antitumor immunity action of quercetin in melanoma through both in vivo and in vitro methods. Our research revealed that quercetin has the ability to boost antitumor immunity by modulating the tumor immune microenvironment through increasing the percentages of M1 macrophages, CD8[Formula: see text] T lymphocytes, and CD4[Formula: see text] T lymphocytes and promoting the secretion of IL-2 and IFN-[Formula: see text] from CD8[Formula: see text] T cells, consequently suppressing the growth of melanoma. Furthermore, we revealed that quercetin can inhibit cell proliferation and migration of B16 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, down-regulating PDK1 can inhibit the mRNA and protein expression levels of CD47. In the rescue experiment, we overexpressed PDK1 and found that the protein and mRNA expression levels of CD47 increased correspondingly, while the addition of quercetin reversed this effect. Moreover, quercetin could stimulate the proliferation and enhance the function of CD8[Formula: see text] T cells. Therefore, our results identified a novel mechanism through which CD47 is regulated by quercetin to promote phagocytosis, and elucidated the regulation of quercetin on macrophages and CD8[Formula: see text] T cells in the tumor immune microenvironment. The use of quercetin as a therapeutic drug holds potential benefits for immunotherapy, enhancing the efficacy of existing treatments for melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Quercetina/farmacología , Quercetina/uso terapéutico , Escape del Tumor , Antígeno CD47/genética , ARN Mensajero , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(17): e2306076, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445883

RESUMEN

Earthworms, long utilized in traditional medicine, serve as a source of inspiration for modern therapeutics. Lysenin, a defensive factor in the coelom fluid of the earthworm Eisenia fetida, has multiple bioactivities. However, the inherent toxicity of Lysenin as a pore-forming protein (PFP) restricts its application in therapy. Here, a gene therapy strategy based on Lysenin for cancer treatment is presented. The formulation consists of polymeric nanoparticles complexed with the plasmid encoding Lysenin. After transfection in vitro, melanoma cells can express Lysenin, resulting in necrosis, autophagy, and immunogenic cell death. The secretory signal peptide alters the intracellular distribution of the expressed product of Lysenin, thereby potentiating its anticancer efficacy. The intratumor injection of Lysenin gene formulation can efficiently kill the transfected melanoma cells and activate the antitumor immune response. Notably, no obvious systemic toxicity is observed during the treatment. Non-viral gene therapy based on Lysenin derived from Eisenia foetida exhibits potential in cancer therapy, which can inspire future cancer therapeutics.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Genética , Melanoma , Oligoquetos , Animales , Ratones , Línea Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Terapia Genética/métodos , Melanoma/terapia , Melanoma/genética , Nanopartículas/química , Oligoquetos/genética , Toxinas Biológicas/genética , Femenino , Humanos
11.
Mol Pharm ; 21(5): 2340-2350, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546166

RESUMEN

Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary ocular malignancy in adults and has high mortality. Recurrence, metastasis, and therapeutic resistance are frequently observed in UM, but no beneficial systemic therapy is available, presenting an urgent need for developing effective therapeutic drugs. Verteporfin (VP) is a photosensitizer and a Yes-Associated Protein (YAP) inhibitor that has been used in clinical practice. However, VP's lack of tumor targetability, poor biocompatibility, and relatively low treatment efficacy hamper its application in UM management. Herein, we developed a biocompatible CD44-targeting hyaluronic acid nanoparticle (HANP) carrying VP (HANP/VP) to improve UM treatment efficacy. We found that HANP/VP showed a stronger inhibitory effect on cell proliferation than that of free VP in UM cells. Systemic delivery of HANP/VP led to targeted accumulation in the UM-tumor-bearing mouse model. Notably, HANP/VP mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) significantly inhibited UM tumor growth after laser irradiation compared with no treatment or free VP treatment. Consistently, in HANP/VP treated tumors after laser irradiation, the tumor proliferation and YAP expression level were decreased, while the apoptotic tumor cell and CD8+ immune cell levels were elevated, contributing to effective tumor growth inhibition. Overall, the results of this preclinical study showed that HANP/VP is an effective nanomedicine for tumor treatment through PDT and inhibition of YAP in the UM tumor mouse model. Combining phototherapy and molecular-targeted therapy offers a promising approach for aggressive UM management.


Asunto(s)
Proliferación Celular , Ácido Hialurónico , Melanoma , Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes , Neoplasias de la Úvea , Verteporfina , Verteporfina/farmacología , Verteporfina/uso terapéutico , Animales , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias de la Úvea/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Úvea/patología , Ratones , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Melanoma/patología , Humanos , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/administración & dosificación , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/farmacología , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/uso terapéutico , Fármacos Fotosensibilizantes/química , Línea Celular Tumoral , Nanopartículas/química , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Ácido Hialurónico/química , Receptores de Hialuranos/metabolismo , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Ensayos Antitumor por Modelo de Xenoinjerto , Proteínas Señalizadoras YAP , Ratones Desnudos , Terapia Molecular Dirigida/métodos , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Femenino
12.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474561

RESUMEN

Berberis species have a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, and Western herbal medicine. The aim of this study was the quantification of the main isoquinoline alkaloids in extracts obtained from various Berberis species by HPLC, in vitro and in silico determination of anti-cholinesterase activity, and in vitro and in vivo investigations of the cytotoxic activity of the investigated plant extracts and alkaloid standards. In particular, Berberis species whose activity had not been previously investigated were selected for the study. In the most investigated Berberis extracts, a high content of berberine and palmatine was determined. Alkaloid standards and most of the investigated plant extracts exhibit significant anti-cholinesterase activity. Molecular docking results confirmed that both alkaloids are more favourable for forming complexes with acetylcholinesterase compared to butyrylcholinesterase. The kinetic results obtained by HPLC-DAD indicated that berberine noncompetitively inhibited acetylcholinesterase, while butyrylcholinesterase was inhibited in a mixed mode. In turn, palmatine exhibited a mixed inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. The cytotoxic activity of berberine and palmatine standards and plant extracts were investigated against the human melanoma cell line (A375). The highest cytotoxicity was determined for extract obtained from Berberis pruinosa cortex. The cytotoxic properties of the extract were also determined in the in vivo investigations using the Danio rerio larvae xenograft model. The obtained results confirmed a significant effect of the Berberis pruinosa cortex extract on the number of cancer cells in a living organism. Our results showed that extracts obtained from Berberis species, especially the Berberis pruinosa cortex extract, can be recommended for further in vivo experiments in order to confirm the possibility of their application in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and human melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , Berberina , Berberis , Melanoma , Humanos , Berberina/farmacología , Acetilcolinesterasa , Butirilcolinesterasa , Inhibidores de la Colinesterasa/farmacología , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Alcaloides/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología
13.
Molecules ; 29(4)2024 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398656

RESUMEN

Melanoma is the most aggressive and difficult to treat of all skin cancers. Despite advances in the treatment of melanoma, the prognosis for melanoma patients remains poor, and the recurrence rate remains high. There is substantial evidence that Chinese herbals effectively prevent and treat melanoma. The bioactive ingredient Salvianolic acid B (SAB) found in Salvia miltiorrhiza, a well-known Chinese herbal with various biological functions, exhibits inhibitory activity against various cancers. A375 and mouse B16 cell lines were used to evaluate the main targets and mechanisms of SAB in inhibiting melanoma migration. Online bioinformatics analysis, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, molecular fishing, dot blot, and molecular docking assays were carried out to clarify the potential molecular mechanism. We found that SAB prevents the migration and invasion of melanoma cells by inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of melanoma cells. As well as interacting directly with the N-terminal domain of ß-actin, SAB enhanced its compactness and stability, thereby inhibiting the migration of cells. Taken together, SAB could significantly suppress the migration of melanoma cells via direct binding with ß-actin, suggesting that SAB could be a helpful supplement that may enhance chemotherapeutic outcomes and benefit melanoma patients.


Asunto(s)
Actinas , Benzofuranos , Melanoma , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Actinas/genética , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Depsidos
14.
J Nat Med ; 78(2): 342-354, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324123

RESUMEN

Evodiamine, a novel alkaloid, was isolated from the fruit of tetradium. It exerts a diversity of pharmacological effects and has been used to treat gastropathy, hypertension, and eczema. Several studies reported that evodiamine has various biological effects, including anti-nociceptive, anti-bacterial, anti-obesity, and anti-cancer activities. However, there is no research regarding its effects on drug-resistant cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect of evodiamine on human vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells (A375/R cells) proliferation ability and its mechanism. Cell activity was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. Flow cytometry assay was used to assess cell apoptosis and cell cycle. A xenograft model was used to analyze the inhibitory effects of evodiamine on tumor growth. Bioinformatics analyses, network pharmacology, and molecular docking were used to explore the potential mechanism of evodiamine in vemurafenib-resistant melanoma. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were performed to reveal the molecular mechanism. The alkaloid extract of the fruit of tetradium, evodiamine showed the strongest tumor inhibitory effect on vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells compared to treatment with vemurafenib alone. Evodiamine inhibited vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cell growth, proliferation, and induced apoptosis, conforming to a dose-effect relationship and time-effect relationship. Results from network pharmacology and molecular docking suggested that evodiamine might interact with IRS4 to suppress growth of human vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells. Interestingly, evodiamine suppressed IRS4 expression and then inhibited PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and thus had the therapeutic action on vemurafenib-resistant melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , Melanoma , Quinazolinas , Humanos , Vemurafenib/farmacología , Vemurafenib/uso terapéutico , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Transducción de Señal , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Apoptosis , Proliferación Celular , Alcaloides/farmacología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Sustrato del Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo
15.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 42(2): e3950, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348768

RESUMEN

Melanoma, an invasive class of skin cancer, originates from mutations in melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells. Globally, approximately 132,000 new cases are reported each year, and in South Africa, the incidence stands at 2.7 per 100,000 people, signifying a worrisome surge in melanoma rates. Therefore, there is a need to explore treatment modalities that will target melanoma's signalling pathways. Melanoma metastasis is aided by ligand activity of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1), vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and C-X-C chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) which bind to their receptors and promote tumour cell survival, lymphangiogenesis and chemotaxis. (3-(4-dimethylaminonaphthelen-1-ylmethylene)-1,3-dihydroindol-2-one) MAZ-51 is an indolinone-based molecule that inhibits VEGF-C induced phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3). Despite the successful use of conventional cancer therapies, patients endure adverse side effects and cancer drug resistance. Moreover, conventional therapies are toxic to the environment and caregivers. The use of medicinal plants and their phytochemical constituents in cancer treatment strategies has become more widespread because of the rise in drug resistance and the development of unfavourable side effects. Zingerone, a phytochemical derived from ginger exhibits various pharmacological properties positioning it as a promising candidate for cancer treatment. This review provides an overview of melanoma biology and the intracellular signalling pathways promoting cell survival, proliferation and adhesion. There is a need to align health and environmental objectives within sustainable development goals 3 (good health and well-being), 13 (climate action) and 15 (life on land) to promote early detection of skin cancer, enhance sun-safe practices, mitigation of environmental factors and advancing the preservation of biodiversity, including medicinal plants. Thus, this review discusses the impact of cytostatic cancer drugs on patients and the environment and examines the potential use of phytochemicals as adjuvant therapy.


Asunto(s)
Guayacol/análogos & derivados , Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Humanos , Melanoma/metabolismo , Factor C de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Ligandos , Desarrollo Sostenible , Neoplasias Cutáneas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutáneas/patología , Fitoquímicos
16.
Biomater Adv ; 159: 213797, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368693

RESUMEN

Theranostics nanoparticles (NPs) have recently received much attention in cancer imaging and treatment. This study aimed to develop a multifunctional nanosystem for the targeted delivery of photothermal and chemotherapy agents. Fe3O4 NPs were modified with polydopamine, bovine serum albumin, and loaded with DOX via a thermal-cleavable Azo linker (Fe3O4@PDA@BSA-DOX). The size of Fe3O4@PDA@BSA NPs was approximately 98 nm under the desired conditions. Because of the ability of Fe3O4 and PDA to convert light into heat, the temperature of Fe3O4@PDA@BSA NPs increased to approximately 47 °C within 10 min when exposed to an 808 nm NIR laser with a power density of 1.5 W/cm2. The heat generated by the NIR laser leads to the breaking of AZO linker and drug release. In vivo and in vitro results demonstrated that prepared NPs under laser irradiation successfully eradicated tumor cells without any significant toxicity effect. Moreover, the Fe3O4@PDA@BSA NPs exhibited the potential to function as a contrasting agent. These NPs could accumulate in tumors with the help of an external magnet, resulting in a significant enhancement in the quality of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The prepared novel multifunctional NPs seem to be an efficient system for imaging and combination therapy in melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Compuestos Férricos , Indoles , Melanoma , Polímeros , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Terapia Fototérmica , Medicina de Precisión , Fototerapia/métodos , Doxorrubicina/farmacología , Doxorrubicina/uso terapéutico , Rayos Láser
17.
Cells ; 13(3)2024 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334660

RESUMEN

Research suggests the potential of using cannabinoid-derived compounds to function as anticancer agents against melanoma cells. Our recent study highlighted the remarkable in vitro anticancer effects of PHEC-66, an extract from Cannabis sativa, on the MM418-C1, MM329, and MM96L melanoma cell lines. However, the complete molecular mechanism behind this action remains to be elucidated. This study aims to unravel how PHEC-66 brings about its antiproliferative impact on these cell lines, utilising diverse techniques such as real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), assays to assess the inhibition of CB1 and CB2 receptors, measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis assays, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) for apoptosis and cell cycle analysis. The outcomes obtained from this study suggest that PHEC-66 triggers apoptosis in these melanoma cell lines by increasing the expression of pro-apoptotic markers (BAX mRNA) while concurrently reducing the expression of anti-apoptotic markers (Bcl-2 mRNA). Additionally, PHEC-66 induces DNA fragmentation, halting cell progression at the G1 cell cycle checkpoint and substantially elevating intracellular ROS levels. These findings imply that PHEC-66 might have potential as an adjuvant therapy in the treatment of malignant melanoma. However, it is essential to conduct further preclinical investigations to delve deeper into its potential and efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Cannabis , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Melanoma , Melanoma/patología , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular , Muerte Celular , Agonistas de Receptores de Cannabinoides/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , ARN Mensajero/uso terapéutico
18.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab ; 326(3): E341-E350, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38294697

RESUMEN

Several clinical studies observed a surprising beneficial effect of obesity on enhancing immunotherapy responsiveness in patients with melanoma, highlighting an as-yet insufficiently understood relationship between metabolism and immunogenicity. Here, we demonstrate that the thiazolidinedione (TZD) rosiglitazone, a drug commonly used to treat diabetes by sequestering fatty acids in metabolically inert subcutaneous adipose tissue, improved sensitivity to anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) treatment in YUMMER1.7 tumor-bearing mice, an initially immunotherapy-sensitive murine melanoma model. We observed a transition from high to intermediate PD-1 expression in tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Moreover, TZD inhibited PD-1 expression in mouse and human T cells treated in vitro. In addition to its direct impact on immune cells, TZD also decreased circulating insulin concentrations, while insulin induced T cell exhaustion in culture. In TZD-treated mice, we observed higher fatty acid concentrations in the tumor microenvironment, with fatty acids protecting against exhaustion in culture. Together, these data are consistent with an indirect mechanism of TZD inhibiting T cell exhaustion. Finally, we analyzed imaging data from patients with melanoma before and after anti-PD-1 treatment, confirming the beneficial effect of increased subcutaneous fat on anti-PD-1 responsiveness in patients. We also found that the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), the canonical activator of lipid uptake and adipogenesis activated by TZD, correlated with overall survival time. Taken together, these data identify a new adjuvant to enhance immunotherapy efficacy in YUMMER1.7 melanoma mice, and discover a new metabolism-based prognostic marker in human melanoma.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Zhang et al. demonstrate that the diabetes drug rosiglitazone improves the efficacy of immunotherapy in mouse melanoma. This effect is both direct and indirect: TZD directly reduces PD-1 expression in CD8+ T cells (i.e., reduces exhaustion), and indirectly reduces exhaustion by lowering insulin levels and increasing local fat. Finally, they demonstrate that hallmarks of TZD action (such as PPARγ expression and subcutaneous fat content) correlate with improved immunotherapy efficacy in humans with melanoma.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Melanoma , Tiazolidinedionas , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Rosiglitazona , Receptor de Muerte Celular Programada 1 , PPAR gamma , Tiazolidinedionas/farmacología , Tiazolidinedionas/uso terapéutico , Anticuerpos Monoclonales , Insulina , Ácidos Grasos , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(13): e202316606, 2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212843

RESUMEN

Immunotherapy has brought a new dawn for human being to defeat cancer. Although existing immunotherapy regimens (CAR-T, etc.) have made breakthroughs in the treatments of hematological cancer and few solid tumors such as melanoma, the therapeutic efficacy on most solid tumors is still far from being satisfactory. In recent years, the researches on tumor immunotherapy based on nanocatalytic materials are under rapid development, and significant progresses have been made. Nanocatalytic medicine has been demonstrated to be capable of overcoming the limitations of current clinicnal treatments by using toxic chemodrugs, and exhibits highly attractive advantages over traditional therapies, such as the enhanced and sustained therapeutic efficacy based on the durable catalytic activity, remarkably reduced harmful side-effects without using traditional toxic chemodrugs, and so on. Most recently, nanocatalytic medicine has been introduced in the immune-regulation for disease treatments, especially, in the immunoactivation for tumor therapies. This article presents the most recent progresses in immune-response activations by nanocatalytic medicine-initiated chemical reactions for tumor immunotherapy, and elucidates the mechanism of nanocatalytic medicines in regulating anti-tumor immunity. By reviewing the current research progress in the emerging field, this review will further highlight the great potential and broad prospects of nanocatalysis-based anti-tumor immune-therapeutics.


Asunto(s)
Hipertermia Inducida , Melanoma , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Inmunoterapia , Fototerapia
20.
Mol Oncol ; 18(4): 1012-1030, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217262

RESUMEN

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality and lacks modern therapy options. Modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT) is an adjuvant therapy with demonstrated clinical efficacy for the treatment of various cancer types. In this study, we report that mEHT monotherapy stimulated interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression, and consequently cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), which may favor a cancer-promoting tumor microenvironment. Thus, we combined mEHT with nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): a nonselective aspirin, or the selective COX-2 inhibitor SC236, in vivo. We demonstrate that NSAIDs synergistically increased the effect of mEHT in the 4T1 TNBC model. Moreover, the strongest tumor destruction ratio was observed in the combination SC236 + mEHT groups. Tumor damage was accompanied by a significant increase in cleaved caspase-3, suggesting that apoptosis played an important role. IL-1ß and COX-2 expression were significantly reduced by the combination therapies. In addition, a custom-made nanostring panel demonstrated significant upregulation of genes participating in the formation of the extracellular matrix. Similarly, in the B16F10 melanoma model, mEHT and aspirin synergistically reduced the number of melanoma nodules in the lungs. In conclusion, mEHT combined with a selective COX-2 inhibitor may offer a new therapeutic option in TNBC.


Asunto(s)
Bencenosulfonamidas , Hipertermia Inducida , Melanoma , Pirazoles , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Ciclooxigenasa 2 , Neoplasias de la Mama Triple Negativas/terapia , Inhibidores de la Ciclooxigenasa 2/farmacología , Inhibidores de la Ciclooxigenasa 2/uso terapéutico , Aspirina/farmacología , Aspirina/uso terapéutico , Microambiente Tumoral
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