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1.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 24(6): 554-562, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644647

RESUMEN

AIM: To investigate the effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on hand grip strength, walking speed, and expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR), interleukine-6 (IL-6) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in monocyte in pre-frail older adults. METHODS: We conducted a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial for 12 weeks, involving 120 pre-frail older adults who were randomized to the cholecalciferol group (cholecalciferol 4000 IU/day) or the placebo group. All subjects were given calcium lactate 500 mg/day. Hand grip strength and walking speed, as primary outcomes, were analyzed using intention-to-treat analysis. The expression of VDR, IGF-1 and IL-6 in monocytes, as secondary outcomes, were analyzed using per-protocol analysis. RESULTS: After a 12-week intervention, there was a significant increase in serum 25(OH)D levels in both groups, with the increase being higher in the cholecalciferol group than in the placebo group (49.05 vs. 24.01 ng/mL; P < 0.001). No statistically significant differences were observed in hand grip strength (P = 0.228) and walking speed (P = 0.734) between the groups. There were no differences in the expression of VDR (P = 0.513), IL-6 (P = 0.509), and IGF-1 (P = 0.503) monocytes between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Cholecalciferol supplementation for 12 weeks increased serum 25(OH)D levels among pre-frail older adults. However, it did not improve hand grip strength and walking speed, and nor did it change the expression of VDR, IL-6, and IGF-1 in monocytes. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; 24: 554-562.


Asunto(s)
Colecalciferol , Suplementos Dietéticos , Fuerza de la Mano , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina , Interleucina-6 , Monocitos , Receptores de Calcitriol , Velocidad al Caminar , Humanos , Fuerza de la Mano/fisiología , Masculino , Método Doble Ciego , Anciano , Femenino , Interleucina-6/sangre , Colecalciferol/administración & dosificación , Monocitos/metabolismo , Monocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/metabolismo , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anciano Frágil , Vitamina D/sangre , Vitaminas/administración & dosificación , Péptidos Similares a la Insulina
2.
J Med Food ; 27(5): 419-427, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656897

RESUMEN

The primary inflammatory process in atherosclerosis, a major contributor to cardiovascular disease, begins with monocyte adhering to vascular endothelial cells. Actinidia arguta (kiwiberry) is an edible fruit that contains various bioactive components. While A. arguta extract (AAE) has been recognized for its anti-inflammatory characteristics, its specific inhibitory effect on early atherogenic events has not been clarified. We used tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) for an in vitro model. AAE effectively hindered the attachment of THP-1 monocytes and reduced the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in HUVECs. Transcriptome analysis revealed that AAE treatment upregulated phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), subsequently inhibiting phosphorylation of AKT and glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß) in HUVECs. AAE further hindered phosphorylation of AKT downstream of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, leading to suppression of target gene expression. Oral administration of AAE suppressed TNF-α-stimulated VCAM-1 expression, monocyte-derived macrophage infiltration, and proinflammatory cytokine expression in C57BL/6 mouse aortas. Myo-inositol, identified as the major compound in AAE, played a key role in suppressing THP-1 monocyte adhesion in HUVECs. These findings suggest that AAE could serve as a nutraceutical for preventing atherosclerosis by inhibiting its initial pathogenesis.


Asunto(s)
Actinidia , Adhesión Celular , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta , Células Endoteliales de la Vena Umbilical Humana , Inositol , Monocitos , FN-kappa B , Fosfohidrolasa PTEN , Extractos Vegetales , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Transducción de Señal , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular/genética , Humanos , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/genética , Monocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Monocitos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Fosfohidrolasa PTEN/metabolismo , Fosfohidrolasa PTEN/genética , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/genética , Actinidia/química , Animales , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Células Endoteliales de la Vena Umbilical Humana/efectos de los fármacos , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta/metabolismo , Glucógeno Sintasa Quinasa 3 beta/genética , Adhesión Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Inositol/farmacología , Inositol/análogos & derivados , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Aterosclerosis/metabolismo , Aterosclerosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino
3.
Circ Res ; 134(8): 970-986, 2024 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456277

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: While platelets have well-studied hemostatic functions, platelets are immune cells that circulate at the interface between the vascular wall and white blood cells. The physiological implications of these constant transient interactions are poorly understood. Activated platelets induce and amplify immune responses, but platelets may also maintain immune homeostasis in healthy conditions, including maintaining vascular integrity and T helper cell differentiation, meaning that platelets are central to both immune responses and immune quiescence. Clinical data have shown an association between low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia) and immune dysfunction in patients with sepsis and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, further implicating platelets as more holistic immune regulators, but studies of platelet immune functions in nondisease contexts have had limited study. METHODS: We used in vivo models of thrombocytopenia and in vitro models of platelet and monocyte interactions, as well as RNA-seq and ATAC-seq (assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with sequencing), to mechanistically determine how resting platelet and monocyte interactions immune program monocytes. RESULTS: Circulating platelets and monocytes interact in a CD47-dependent manner to regulate monocyte metabolism, histone methylation, and gene expression. Resting platelet-monocyte interactions limit TLR (toll-like receptor) signaling responses in healthy conditions in an innate immune training-like manner. In both human patients with sepsis and mouse sepsis models, thrombocytopenia exacerbated monocyte immune dysfunction, including increased cytokine production. CONCLUSIONS: Thrombocytopenia immune programs monocytes in a manner that may lead to immune dysfunction in the context of sepsis. This is the first demonstration that sterile, endogenous cell interactions between resting platelets and monocytes regulate monocyte metabolism and pathogen responses, demonstrating platelets to be immune rheostats in both health and disease.


Asunto(s)
Sepsis , Trombocitopenia , Ratones , Animales , Humanos , Monocitos/metabolismo , Trombocitopenia/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Inmunidad , Sepsis/metabolismo , Activación Plaquetaria
4.
Biomolecules ; 14(2)2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397457

RESUMEN

Childhood maltreatment has been repeatedly linked to a higher incidence of health conditions with an underlying proinflammatory component, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Childhood maltreatment has also been linked to elevated systemic inflammation prior to the onset of disease. However, childhood maltreatment is highly comorbid with other risk factors which have also been linked to inflammation, namely major depression. The present analysis addresses this issue by assessing the association of maltreatment with genome-wide transcriptional profiling of immune cells collected from four orthogonal groups of adolescents (aged 13-17): maltreated and not maltreated in childhood, with and without major depressive disorder. Maltreatment and psychiatric history were determined using semi-structured clinical interviews and cross-validated using self-report questionnaires. Dried whole blood spots were collected from each participant (n = 133) and assayed to determine the extent to which maltreatment in childhood was associated with a higher prevalence of transcriptional activity among differentially expressed genes, specific immune cell subtypes, and up- or down-regulation of genes involved in immune function after accounting for current major depression. Maltreatment was associated with increased interferon regulatory factor (IRF) transcriptional activity (p = 0.03), as well as nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 1 (NRF1; p = 0.002) and MAF (p = 0.01) among up-regulated genes, and increased activity of nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-κB) among down-regulated genes (p = 0.01). Non-classical CD16+ monocytes were implicated in both the up- and down-regulated genes among maltreated adolescents. These data provide convergent evidence supporting the role of maltreatment in altering intracellular and molecular markers of immune function, as well as implicate monocyte/macrophage functions as mechanisms through which childhood maltreatment may shape lifelong immune development and function.


Asunto(s)
Maltrato a los Niños , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Humanos , Adolescente , Niño , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/genética , Monocitos , Inflamación , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología
5.
Biomaterials ; 305: 122450, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169190

RESUMEN

In vitro atherosclerosis models are essential to evaluate therapeutics before in vivo and clinical studies, but significant limitations remain, such as the lack of three-layer vascular architecture and limited atherosclerotic features. Moreover, no scalable 3D atherosclerosis model is available for making high-throughput assays for therapeutic evaluation. Herein, we report an in vitro 3D three-layer nanomatrix vascular sheet with critical atherosclerosis multi-features (VSA), including endothelial dysfunction, monocyte recruitment, macrophages, extracellular matrix remodeling, smooth muscle cell phenotype transition, inflammatory cytokine secretion, foam cells, and calcification initiation. Notably, we present the creation of high-throughput functional assays with VSAs and the use of these assays for evaluating therapeutics for atherosclerosis treatment. The therapeutics include conventional drugs (statin and sirolimus), candidates for treating atherosclerosis (curcumin and colchicine), and potential gene therapy (miR-146a-loaded liposomes). The high efficiency and flexibility of the scalable VSA functional assays should facilitate drug discovery and development for atherosclerosis.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Aterosclerosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Macrófagos , Células Espumosas , Monocitos , Expresión Génica , Miocitos del Músculo Liso
6.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 83: 127394, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262194

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Aluminum-based adjuvants (ABAs) enhance the immune response following vaccine injection. Their mechanisms of action are not fully understood, and their bio-persistency have been described associated with long-term adverse effects. METHODS: We evaluated and compared the cellular effects of the two main ABAs and whole vaccines on ATP production, ROS generation and cytokines production (IL-6 and IL-10), using THP-1 cells. RESULTS: ABAs altered the cell energy metabolism by increasing ROS production after 24 h and reducing ATP production after 48 h. In addition, both ABAs and whole vaccines induced different kinetics of IL-6 production, whereas only ABAs induced IL-10 secretion. CONCLUSION: This study showed clearly, for a first time, a difference in cellular response to the ABAs and whole vaccines which should be taken into consideration in future studies focusing on the effect of ABA in vaccines. Future studies on ABAs should also pay attention to mitochondrial function alterations following exposure to ABA-containing vaccines.


Asunto(s)
Aluminio , Vacunas , Humanos , Aluminio/farmacología , Interleucina-10 , Monocitos , Células THP-1 , Interleucina-6 , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Adyuvantes Inmunológicos/efectos adversos , Adenosina Trifosfato
7.
Endocr Res ; 49(2): 92-105, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288985

RESUMEN

Purpose:Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and high risk of osteoporotic fracture (OF). Peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) can differentiate into osteoclasts to resorb bone. This study was to identify PBM-expressed proteins significant for osteoporosis in Chinese Han elderly population (>65 years), and focused on two phenotypes of osteoporosis: low BMD and OF. METHODS: Label-free quantitative proteomics was employed to profile PBM proteome and to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between OF (N=27) vs. non-fractured (NF, N=24) subjects and between low BMD (N=12) vs. high BMD (N=12) subjects in women. Western blotting (WB) was conducted to validate differential expression, and ELISA to evaluate translational value for secretory protein of interest. RESULTS: We discovered 59 DEPs with fold change (FC)>1.3 (P<1×10-5), and validated the significant up-regulation of pyruvate kinase isozyme 2 (PKM2) with osteoporosis (P<0.001). PKM2 protein upregulation with OF was replicated with PBM in men (P=0.04). Plasma PKM2 protein level was significantly elevated with OF in an independent sample (N=100, FC=1.68, P=0.01). Pursuant functional assays showed that extracellular PKM2 protein supplement not only promoted monocyte trans-endothelial migration, growth, and osteoclast differentiation (marker gene expression), but also inhibited osteoblast growth, differentiation (ALP gene expression), and activity. CONCLUSION: The above findings suggest that PKM2 protein is a novel osteoporosis-associated functional protein in Chinese Han elderly population. It may serve as a risk biomarker and drug target for osteoporosis.


Asunto(s)
Densidad Ósea , Osteoporosis , Piruvato Quinasa , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas Portadoras/metabolismo , China , Pueblos del Este de Asia , Monocitos/metabolismo , Fracturas Osteoporóticas , Piruvato Quinasa/metabolismo
8.
Atherosclerosis ; 388: 117407, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38091778

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recent data indicate considerable variability in response to very long chain omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on cardiovascular disease risk. This inconsistency may be due to differential effects of EPA vs DHA and/or sex-specific responses. METHODS: Sixteen subjects (eight men and eight women) 50-75 y and with low-grade chronic inflammation participated in a randomized controlled crossover trial comparing 3 g/d EPA, 3 g/d DHA, and placebo (3 g/d high oleic acid sunflower oil). Blood monocytes were isolated at the end of each phase for RNA-sequencing. RESULTS: Sex dimorphism in monocyte gene expression was observed, therefore, data for men and women were analyzed separately. 1088 genes were differentially expressed in men and 997 in women (p < 0.05). In both men and women, EPA and DHA repressed genes involved in protein turnover and mitochondrial energy metabolism, relative to placebo. In men only, EPA and DHA upregulated genes related to wound healing and PPARα activation. In women only, EPA and DHA activated genes related to ER stress response. Relative to DHA, EPA resulted in lower expression of genes involved in inflammatory processes in men, and lower expression of genes involved in ER stress response in women. CONCLUSIONS: EPA and DHA supplementation elicited both similar and differential effects on monocyte transcriptome, some of which were sex specific. The observed variability in response to EPA and DHA in men and women could in part explain the conflicting results from previous cardiovascular clinical trials using omega-3 fatty acids.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos Omega-3 , Monocitos , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/uso terapéutico , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos , Transcriptoma , Inflamación , Suplementos Dietéticos , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Método Doble Ciego
9.
Phytother Res ; 38(1): 187-195, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37850332

RESUMEN

Inflammation, a type of the body's defense against injury or infection, causes many chronic disorders including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Therefore, discovering natural compounds with numerous biological activities for the management of inflammation is highly recommended. Out of natural compounds, peppermint and its main component, menthol, has been suggested to possess antiinflammatory potential. Four databases including Web of Sciences, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were searched to identify articles about peppermint and its antiinflammatory effects up to March 2023. Out of 3805 records screened, 14 articles met the study criteria. The evidence reviewed here proposed peppermint as an antiinflammatory agent. Peppermint may suppress inflammation by activating the AMP-activated protein kinase/unc-51 like kinase 1/nuclear factor-E2 associated factor 2 autophagy pathway, downregulating extracellular signal-regulated kinase-nuclear factor kappa B and mitogen activated protein kinases pathways, attenuating oxidative stress, suppressing the production of pro-inflammatory mediators and nitric oxide, and inducing the production of antiinflammatory prostaglandins. Due to the promising antiinflammatory effects of peppermint and the lack of human studies in this regard, future randomized clinical trials examining the effects of peppermint on inflammation and its related maladies are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Antiinflamatorios , Inflamación , Mentha piperita , Extractos Vegetales , Animales , Humanos , Ratones , Ratas , Antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico , Quinasas MAP Reguladas por Señal Extracelular/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/uso terapéutico , Mentha piperita/química , Monocitos/efectos de los fármacos , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico , Técnicas In Vitro
10.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 209(Pt 1): 185-190, 2023 11 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37866755

RESUMEN

The incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is higher in people over the age of 65 and in African Americans (AA). Elevated acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity has been considered a major player in the onset of AD symptoms. As a result, many FDA-approved AD drugs target AChE inhibition to treat AD patients. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a signaling molecule known to downregulate oxidative stress and inflammation. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the blood is widely used as a biomarker to monitor inflammation and immunity. This study examined the hypothesis that plasma AChE levels have a negative association with H2S levels and that a positive association exists between levels of NLR, HbA1c, and ROS with the AChE in the peripheral blood. The fasting blood sample was taken from 114 African Americans who had provided written informed consent approved by the IRB. The effect of H2S and high-glucose treatment on AChE activity levels was also investigated in THP-1 human monocytes. There was a significant negative relationship between AChE and the levels of H2S (r = -0.41, p = 0.001); a positive association between the levels of AChE with age (r = 0.26, p = 0.03), NLR (r = 0.23, p = 0.04), ROS (r = 0.23, p = 0.04) and HbA1c levels (r = 0.24, p = 0.04), in AA subjects. No correlation was seen between blood levels of AChE and acetylcholine (ACh). Blood creatinine had a negative correlation (r = -0.23, p = 0.04) with ACh levels. There was a significant effect of H2S on AChE inhibition and of high glucose in upregulating AChE activity in cultured monocytes. This study suggests hyperglycemia and lower H2S status can contribute to an increase in the AChE activity levels. Future clinical studies are needed to examine the potential benefits of supplementation with hydrogen sulfide pro-drugs/compounds in reducing the AChE and the cognitive dysfunctions associated with AD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Sulfuro de Hidrógeno , Humanos , Sulfuro de Hidrógeno/farmacología , Acetilcolinesterasa/metabolismo , Hemoglobina Glucada , Monocitos/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Regulación hacia Arriba , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Negro o Afroamericano/genética , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/tratamiento farmacológico , Sulfuros , Linfocitos/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Glucosa
11.
Biomater Adv ; 154: 213622, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37742556

RESUMEN

Bone homeostasis is predicated by osteoblast and osteoclast cell cycles where gene expressions are responsible for their differentiation from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) and monocytes, respectively. The pro-osteogenic potential of an hMSC-monocyte co-culture can be measured through complementary DNA (mRNA synthesis) within the nucleus, known as quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Through this technique, the effects of garlic extract (allicin) release from calcium phosphate bone scaffolds on gene expression of bone forming and bone remodeling cells was explored. Results show this complex biomaterial system enhances hMSC differentiation through the upregulation of bone-forming proteins. Osteoblastic gene markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin (BGLAP), are respectively upregulated by 3-fold and 1.6-fold by day 14. These mature osteoblasts then upregulate the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL) which recruits osteoclast cells, as captured by a nearly 2-fold higher osteoclast expression of tartrate-resistance acid-phosphatase (ACP5). This also activates antagonist osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression in osteoblasts, decreasing osteoclast resorption potential and ACP5 expression by day 21. The pro-osteogenic environment with garlic extract release is further quantified by a 4× increase in phosphatase activity and visibly captured in immunofluorescent tagged confocal images. Also corroborated by enhanced collagen formation in a preliminary in vivo rat distal femur model, this work collectively reveals how garlic extract can enhance bioceramic scaffolds for bone tissue regenerative applications.


Asunto(s)
Fosfatasa Alcalina , Ajo , Ratas , Animales , Humanos , Fosfatasa Alcalina/genética , Monocitos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultivo , Ajo/metabolismo , Huesos/metabolismo
12.
Clin Nutr ; 42(11): 2138-2150, 2023 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37774650

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIM: When considered separately, long-term immediate-release niacin and fatty meals enriched in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) decrease postprandial triglycerides, but their effects on postprandial inflammation, which is common in individuals with metabolic syndrome, are less known. Moreover, successful combination is lacking and its impact on acute disorders of the innate immune cells in the metabolic syndrome remains unclear. Here, we aimed to establish the effects from combination with niacin of different fats [butter, enriched in saturated fatty acids (SFA), olive oil, enriched in MUFA, and olive oil supplemented with eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids] on plasma inflammatory markers and circulating monocyte subsets, activation and priming at the postprandial period in individuals with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A random-order within-subject crossover experiment was performed, in which 16 individuals with metabolic syndrome and 16 age-matched healthy volunteers took 2 g immediate-release niacin together with the corresponding fatty meal or a meal with no fat as control. In total, 128 postprandial curves were analysed. We sampled hourly over 6 h for plasma concentrations of soluble inflammatory markers and triglycerides. Circulating monocyte subsets (CD14/CD16 balance), activation (CCL2/CCR2 axis) and priming (M1/M2-like phenotype) at the time of postprandial hypertriglyceridemic peak were also addressed. RESULTS: Dietary SFA (combined with niacin) promote postprandial excursions of circulating IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α and CD14/CCR2-rich monocytes with a pro-inflammatory M1-like phenotype, particularly in individuals with metabolic syndrome. In contrast, dietary MUFA (combined with niacin) postprandially increased circulating CD16-rich monocytes with an anti-inflammatory M2-like phenotype. Omega-3 PUFA did not add to the effects of MUFA. CONCLUSION: The co-administration of a single-dose of immediate-release niacin with a fatty meal rich in MUFA, in contrast to SFA, suppresses postprandial inflammation at the levels of both secretory profile and monocyte response in individuals with metabolic syndrome. These findings highlight a potential role of combining niacin and dietary MUFA for the homeostatic control of inflammation and the innate immune system, identifying a new search direction for the management of disorders associated with the metabolic syndrome.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Metabólico , Niacina , Masculino , Humanos , Ácidos Grasos Monoinsaturados/farmacología , Monocitos/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólico/metabolismo , Grasas de la Dieta/metabolismo , Niacina/metabolismo , Aceite de Oliva , Periodo Posprandial , Ácidos Grasos/metabolismo , Triglicéridos , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Comidas
13.
J Periodontal Res ; 58(5): 948-958, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37409514

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of periodontal tissues that is closely connected with systemic diseases. During periodontitis, the inappropriate recruitment and activation of monocytes-macrophages causes an increase in osteoclast activity and disrupts bone homeostasis. Therefore, it is a promising therapeutic strategy to treat periodontitis by regulating the functions of monocytes-macrophages. Litcubanine A (LA) is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Litsea cubeba, which was proven to have reproducible anti-inflammatory effects, but its regulatory role on bone homeostasis in periodontitis is still not clear. METHODS: In this study, zebrafish experiments and a mouse ligature-induced periodontitis model were performed, and histological analysis was used to investigate the effect of LA on macrophage chemotaxis under the inflammatory environment. Real-time PCR was used to detect the regulatory effect of LA (100 nM ~ 100 µM) on the chemotaxis function of macrophages induced by LPS. Apoptosis assay and flow cytometry were used to elucidate the influence of LA on macrophage apoptosis and proliferation. To further clarify the regulatory role of LA on macrophage osteoclast differentiation, real-time PCR, histological analysis, western blot, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) were performed in vivo and in vitro to verify the impact of LA on bone homeostasis. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the chemotaxis function of macrophage was significantly attenuated by LA in vivo. LA could significantly inhibit the expression of genes encoding the chemokine receptors Ccr1 and Cxcr4, and its ligand chemokine Cxcl12 in macrophages, and suppresses the differentiation of osteoclastic precursors to osteoclasts through the MAPK signaling pathway. There were significantly lower osteoclast differentiation and bone loss in the LA group compared with the control in the ligature-induced periodontitis model. CONCLUSION: LA is a promising candidate for the treatment of periodontitis through its reproducible functions of inhibiting monocyte-macrophage chemotaxis and osteoclast differentiation.


Asunto(s)
Osteoclastos , Periodontitis , Ratones , Animales , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Monocitos , Quimiotaxis , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Pez Cebra , Periodontitis/metabolismo , Macrófagos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Diferenciación Celular
14.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 572, 2023 Jun 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37344761

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Given the role of systematic inflammation in cancer progression, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) from peripheral blood has been suggested as a biomarker to assess the extent of inflammation in several solid malignancies. However, the role of LMR as a prognostic factor in head and neck cancer was unclear in several meta-analyses, and there is a paucity of literature including patients in North America. We performed an observational cohort study to evaluate the association of LMR with survival outcomes in North American patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective database was queried for patients with non-metastatic head and neck cancer who underwent definitive chemoradiation from June 2007 to April 2021 at the Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center. Primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). The association of LMR with OS and CSS was examined using nonlinear Cox proportional hazard model using restricted cubic splines (RCS). Cox multivariable analysis (MVA) and Kaplan-Meier method were used to analyze OS and CSS. Pre-radiation LMR was then stratified into high and low based on its median value. Propensity scored matching was used to reduce the selection bias. RESULTS: A total of 476 patients met our criteria. Median follow up was 45.3 months (interquartile range 22.8-74.0). The nonlinear Cox regression model showed that low LMR was associated with worse OS and CSS in a continuous fashion without plateau for both OS and CSS. On Cox MVA, higher LMR as a continuous variable was associated with improved OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0,90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.82-0.99, p = 0.03) and CSS (aHR 0.83, 95% CI 0.72-0.95, p = 0.009). The median value of LMR was 3.8. After propensity score matching, a total of 186 pairs were matched. Lower LMR than 3.8 remained to be associated with worse OS (HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.12-2.26, p = 0.009) and CSS (HR 1.68, 95% CI 1.08-2.63, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Low LMR, both as a continuous variable and dichotomized variable, was associated with worse OS and CSS. Further studies would be warranted to evaluate the role of such prognostic marker to tailor interventions.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Monocitos , Humanos , Monocitos/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Pronóstico , Linfocitos/patología , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/terapia , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Inflamación/patología
15.
Immunology ; 170(3): 344-358, 2023 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37291897

RESUMEN

Macrophages are important innate immune cells with the ability to adapt their phenotype to environmental cues. Research on human macrophages often uses monocyte-derived macrophages cultured in vitro, but it is unclear if culture medium affects macrophage phenotype. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of culture medium composition on monocyte-derived macrophage phenotype. Monocyte-derived macrophages were generated in different formulations of culture media (RPMI 1640, DMEM, MEM, McCoy's 5a and IMDM). Viability, yield and cell size were monitored, and RT-qPCR, flow cytometry or ELISA was used to compare levels of phenotype markers (CD163, CD206, CD80, TNFα, IL-10, SIRPα, LILRB1 and Siglec-10). Yield, cell size, gene expression, membrane protein levels and release of soluble proteins were all affected by changes in culture medium composition. The most pronounced effects were observed after culture in DMEM, which lacks the non-essential amino acids asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and proline. Supplementation of DMEM with non-essential amino acids either fully or partly reversed most effects of DMEM on macrophage phenotype. The results suggest culture medium composition and amino acid availability affect the phenotype of human monocyte-derived macrophages cultured in vitro.


Asunto(s)
Aminoácidos , Macrófagos , Humanos , Medios de Cultivo/metabolismo , Fenotipo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Citometría de Flujo/métodos , Monocitos
16.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1117828, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37153611

RESUMEN

In response to external stimuli during immune responses, monocytes can have multifaceted roles such as pathogen clearance and tissue repair. However, aberrant control of monocyte activation can result in chronic inflammation and subsequent tissue damage. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) induces monocyte differentiation into a heterogenous population of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) and macrophages. However, the downstream molecular signals that dictate the differentiation of monocytes under pathological conditions is incompletely understood. We report here that the GM-CSF-induced STAT5 tetramerization is a critical determinate of monocyte fate and function. Monocytes require STAT5 tetramers to differentiate into moDCs. Conversely, the absence of STAT5 tetramers results in a switch to a functionally distinct monocyte-derived macrophage population. In the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) model of colitis, STAT5 tetramer-deficient monocytes exacerbate disease severity. Mechanistically, GM-CSF signaling in STAT5 tetramer-deficient monocytes results in the overexpression of arginase I and a reduction in nitric oxide synthesis following stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. Correspondingly, the inhibition of arginase I activity and sustained supplementation of nitric oxide ameliorates the worsened colitis in STAT5 tetramer-deficient mice. This study suggests that STAT5 tetramers protect against severe intestinal inflammation through the regulation of arginine metabolism.


Asunto(s)
Colitis , Monocitos , Factor de Transcripción STAT5 , Animales , Ratones , Arginasa/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular , Sulfato de Dextran/efectos adversos , Factor Estimulante de Colonias de Granulocitos y Macrófagos/metabolismo , Inflamación , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Factor de Transcripción STAT5/metabolismo
17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2023: 8130422, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37181804

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the influencing factors of tumor volume, body immunity, and poor prognosis after 125I particle therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods: A total of 104 patients with differentiated TC who were treated with 125I particles during January 2020 to January 2021 was picked. These subjects were graded as low-dose group (80Gy-110Gy) and high-dose group (110Gy-140Gy) according to the minimum dose received by 90% of the target volume (D90) after surgery. The tumor volume before and after treatment was compared, and fasting venous blood was collected before and after treatment. The content of thyroglobulin (Tg) was detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The levels of absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), lymphocytes, neutrophils, and monocytes were detected on automatic blood cell analyzer. The lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ration (PLR) were calculated. The changes in the condition of patients were closely observed, and the occurrence of adverse reactions in the two groups were compared. The risk factors influencing the efficacy of 125I particle therapy for differentiated TC were analyzed through multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The total effective rate of patients in the low- and high-dose groups was 78.85% and 82.69%, respectively (P > 0.05). Compared with the pretreatment period, the tumor volume and Tg level in both groups were much lower (P < 0.05), and the differences in tumor volume and Tg level had no statistically significant difference between the two groups before and after treatment (P > 0.05). At 1 week of the treatment, the total incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea, radiation gastritis, radiation parotitis, and neck discomfort was obviously higher in the high-dose group than in the low-dose group (P < 0.05). At 1 month of treatment, the incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea was markedly higher in the high-dose group than in the low-dose group (P < 0.05). After treatment, serum NLR and PLR contents were memorably elevated and LMR level was sharply decreased in both groups, and serum NLR and PLR contents were higher and LMR content was lower in the high-dose group than in the low-dose group (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the pathological type of follicular adenocarcinoma, tumor size ≥ 2 cm, clinical stage of III~IV, distant metastasis, and high TSH level before 125I particle treatment were all risk factors related to the efficacy of 125I particle treatment of TC (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of low-dose and high-dose 125I particles in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer is comparable, among which low-dose 125I particles have fewer adverse effects and have less impact on the immunity of the body, which is well tolerated by patients and can be widely used in clinical practice. In addition, the pathological type of follicular adenocarcinoma, tumor size ≥ 2 cm, clinical stage III~IV, distant metastasis, and high TSH level before 125I particle treatment are all risk factors that affect the poor effect of 125I particles on thyroid cancer treatment, and early monitoring of the above index changes can help evaluate the prognosis.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma Folicular , Neoplasias de la Tiroides , Humanos , Carga Tumoral , Linfocitos , Pronóstico , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/radioterapia , Neutrófilos , Plaquetas , Monocitos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tirotropina
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(8)2023 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37108367

RESUMEN

Multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) is characterized by underlying chronic vascular inflammation and occlusion in the coronary arteries, where these patients undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Since post-cardiotomy inflammation is a well known phenomenon after CABG, attenuation of this inflammation is required to reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to phenotype circulating frequencies and intensities of monocyte subsets and monocyte migration markers, respectively, and to investigate the plasma level of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines between preoperative and postoperative CAD patients and later, to intervene the inflammation with sodium selenite. We found a higher amplitude of inflammation, postoperatively, in terms of CCR1high monocytes and significantly increased pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-1RA. Further, in vitro intervention with selenium displayed mitigating effects on the IL-6/STAT-3 axis of mononuclear cells derived from postoperative CAD patients. In addition, in vitro selenium intervention significantly reduced IL-1ß production as well as decreased cleaved caspase-1 (p20) activity by preoperative (when stimulated) as well as postoperative CAD mononuclear cells. Though TNF-α exhibited a positive correlation with blood troponin levels in postoperative CAD patients, there was no obvious effect of selenium on the TNF-α/NF-κB axis. In conclusion, anti-inflammatory selenium might be utilized to impede systemic inflammatory cytokine axes to circumvent aggravating atherosclerosis and further damage to the autologous bypass grafts during the post-surgical period.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Selenio , Humanos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Citocinas/genética , Inmunofenotipificación , Inflamación , Interleucina-6/farmacología , Monocitos , Selenio/farmacología , Selenio/uso terapéutico , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/farmacología , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(7)2023 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37047205

RESUMEN

Garlic (Allium sativum) has historically been associated with antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and microbiocidal properties, mainly due to its richness in thiosulfates and sulfur-containing phytoconstituents. Sepsis patients could benefit from these properties because it involves both inflammatory and refractory processes. We evaluated the effects of thiosulfinate-enriched Allium sativum extract (TASE) on the immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by monocytes from healthy volunteers (HVs) and patients with sepsis. We also explored the TASE effects in HIF-1α, described as the key transcription factor leading to endotoxin tolerance in sepsis monocytes through IRAK-M expression. Our results showed TASE reduced the LPS-triggered reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in monocytes from both patients with sepsis and HVs. Moreover, this extract significantly reduced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-6 production in LPS-stimulated monocytes from HVs. However, TASE enhanced the inflammatory response in monocytes from patients with sepsis along with increased expression of human leukocyte antigen-DR. Curiously, these dual effects of TASE on immune response were also found when the HV cohort was divided into low- and high-LPS responders. Although TASE enhanced TNFα production in the LPS-low responders, it decreased the inflammatory response in the LPS-high responders. Furthermore, TASE decreased the HIF-1α pathway-associated genes IRAK-M, VEGFA and PD-L1 in sepsis cells, suggesting HIF-1α inhibition by TASE leads to higher cytokine production in these cells as a consequence of IRAK-M downregulation. The suppression of this pathway by TASE was confirmed in vitro with the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor dimethyloxalylglycine. Our data revealed TASE's dual effect on monocyte response according to status/phenotype and suggested the HIF-1α suppression as the possible underlying mechanism.


Asunto(s)
Ajo , Sepsis , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Ajo/metabolismo , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología , Lipopolisacáridos/metabolismo , Monocitos/metabolismo , Sepsis/metabolismo , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 5511, 2023 04 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37016048

RESUMEN

Monocytes are a major population of circulating immune cells that play a crucial role in producing pro-inflammatory cytokines in the body. The actions of monocytes are known to be influenced by the combinations and concentrations of certain fatty acids (FAs) in blood and dietary fats. However, systemic comparisons of the effects of FAs on cytokine secretion by monocytes have not be performed. In this study, we compared how six saturated FAs (SFAs), two monounsaturated FAs (MUFAs), and seven polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) modulate human THP-1 monocyte secretion of TNF, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in the absence or presence of lipopolysaccharide. SFAs generally stimulated resting THP-1 cells to secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines, with stearic acid being the most potent species. In contrast, MUFAs and PUFAs inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Interestingly, the inhibitory potentials of MUFAs and PUFAs followed U-shaped (TNF and IL-1ß) or inverted U-shaped (IL-6) dose-response curves. Among the MUFAs and PUFAs that were analyzed, docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 n-3) exhibited the largest number of double bonds and was found to be the most potent anti-inflammatory compound. Together, our findings reveal that the chemical compositions and concentrations of dietary FAs are key factors in the intricate regulation of monocyte-mediated inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Citocinas , Monocitos , Humanos , Citocinas/farmacología , Lipopolisacáridos/farmacología , Interleucina-6/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos Insaturados/farmacología , Grasas de la Dieta/farmacología
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