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1.
J Health Popul Nutr ; 43(1): 48, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576058

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Integrated-pathy aims to integrate modern medicine with traditional systems via applying the holistic approach of Ayurveda, Yoga, and natural medicine. This is important for addressing the challenges surrounding the delivery of long-term palliative care for chronic ailments including cancer. The prime intent of this study was to substantiate the underlying hypothesis behind the differential and integrative approach having a positive impact on Quality of Life of cancer patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional Observational study. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was developed and used, after obtaining written informed consent from patients to assess the impact of Integrated-pathy on patients (n = 103) diagnosed with cancer receiving care at Patanjali Yoggram. The research was carried out over 8 months. All participants received a uniform treatment protocol as prescribed by Patanjali. For the sample size determination and validation, α and 1-ß was calculated and for the significance of the pre- and post-treatment QoL ratings, Shapiro wilk test and other descriptive statistics techniques were explored. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients seeking cancer special-healthcare were interviewed, out of which 39 (37.86%) remained finally based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria with age (25-65 years), types of cancers (Carcinoma and Sarcoma), chemotherapy/radiotherapy received or not, before opting Integrated-pathy. Follow-ups revealed a significant increase in the QoL (17.91%) after receiving the integrated therapy over a course of at least 1 month. Further, a significant reduction in cancer-related pain followed by an increase in QoL index was reported in the patients. Shapiro-wilk test revealed significant pairing (p < 0.001) with validation of the model using test. CONCLUSIONS: To bolster evidence-based backing for Integrated-pathy, there is a need for clearly delineated clinical indicators that are measurable and trackable over time. Clinical investigators are encouraged to incorporate Integrated-pathy into their proposed interventions and conduct analogous studies to yield sustained advantages in the long run.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia
2.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 15(4): 101761, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581958

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Current hospital-based care pathways are generally single-disease centred. As a result, coexisting morbidities are often suboptimally evaluated and managed, a deficiency becoming increasingly apparent among older patients who exhibit heterogeneity in health status, functional abilities, frailty, and other geriatric impairments. To address this issue, our study aims to assess a newly developed patient-centred care pathway for older patients with multimorbidity and cancer. The new care pathway was based on currently available evidence and co-designed by end-users including health care professionals, patients, and informal caregivers. Within this care pathway, all healthcare professionals involved in the care of older patients with multimorbidity and cancer will form a Health Professional Consortium (HPC). The role of the HPC will be to centralise oncologic and non-oncologic treatment recommendations in accordance with the patient's priorities. Moreover, an Advanced Practice Nurse will act as case-manager by being the primary point of contact for the patient, thus improving coordination between specialists, and by organising and leading the consortium. Patient monitoring and the HPC collaboration will be facilitated by digital communication tools designed specifically for this purpose, with the added benefit of being customisable for each patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GERONTE study is a prospective international, multicentric study consisting of two stepped-wedge trials performed at 16 clinical sites across three European countries. Each trial will include 720 patients aged 70 years and over with a new or progressive cancer (breast, lung, colorectal, prostate) and at least one moderate or severe multimorbidity. The patients in the intervention group will receive the new care pathway whereas patients in the control group will receive usual oncologic care. DISCUSSION: GERONTE will evaluate whether this kind of holistic, patient-oriented healthcare management can improve quality of life (primary outcome) and other valuable endpoints in older patients with multimorbidity and cancer. An ancillary study will assess in depth the socio-economic impact of the intervention and deliver concrete implementation guidelines for the GERONTE intervention care pathway. TRIAL REGISTRATION: FRONE: NCT05720910 TWOBE: NCT05423808.


Asunto(s)
Multimorbilidad , Neoplasias , Atención Dirigida al Paciente , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Anciano , Tecnología de la Información , Vías Clínicas , Salud Holística , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Masculino , Femenino
3.
Semin Oncol Nurs ; 40(2): 151620, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494385

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation exercises (PMRE) on sleep quality in patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment and experiencing disturbed sleep. METHODS: The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted between March and September 2022 with 69 patients (intervention group: 34 patients, control group: 35 patients) in a hospital chemotherapy unit. During the data collection process, the "Personal Information Form" and "Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)" were utilized. Patients in the intervention group performed PMRE twice a day for 8 weeks. Patients in the control group received routine care at the clinic without additional intervention. For data analysis, Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test, and chi-square test were used. RESULTS: The sociodemographic attributes of patients within both the intervention and control groups exhibited comparability. However, notable distinctions emerged in the PSQI Global sleep score and PSQI subdimension scores, encompassing sleep latency and duration, subjective sleep quality, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, and daytime dysfunction between the two groups. The study found a notable difference in scores between the patients in the intervention group and those in the control group. The patients who received the intervention had significantly lower scores (P < .001). CONCLUSION: The study revealed that PMRE was beneficial in improving sleep quality in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who had poor sleep quality. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Oncology nurses may consider using PMRE to improve the sleep quality of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Calidad del Sueño , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Relajación Muscular , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/etiología , Terapia por Relajación/métodos
4.
Semin Oncol Nurs ; 40(2): 151619, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503656

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study systematically investigates the evidence regarding the use of probiotics in managing cancer-related fatigue (CRF). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: The systematic search encompassed six databases: PubMed, CINHAL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE, covering the period from inception to December 2023. The assessment of risk of bias employed the Cochrane risk of bias tool (RoB 2). A narrative synthesis and an exploratory meta-analysis were conducted to summarize the evidence. RESULTS: Among 460 records, three studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. These studies involved a total of 284 participants with colorectal and breast cancer. One study demonstrated a marginal improvement in CRF postchemotherapy in colorectal cancer patients using probiotics. Another study, also using probiotics, reported a significant reduction in CRF among colorectal cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Additionally, a study employing synbiotics showed a substantial decrease in CRF severity in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The study presents initial but varied evidence suggesting the potential of probiotics and synbiotics as adjunctive therapies in managing CRF alongside anticancer treatments. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: In nursing practice, large-scale clinical trials are urgently needed to evaluate the effectiveness of probiotics in treating cancer-related fatigue during cancer therapy. Insights from this review could guide nurses in selecting appropriate probiotic strains and integrating microbiome modifiers into comprehensive care plans, potentially enhancing the quality of life for cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Fatiga , Neoplasias , Probióticos , Humanos , Fatiga/terapia , Fatiga/etiología , Probióticos/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Femenino , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Neoplasias Colorrectales/complicaciones , Masculino
5.
Chin Clin Oncol ; 13(1): 5, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453656

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The management of chemotherapy induced anemia (CIA) remains challenging. The potential risk and benefits in providing patient-centered care need to be balanced; the disease is multifactorial; and the major treatments including red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and intravenous injection (i.v.)iron supplementation have a unique set of strengths and limitations. Also, most previous survey based on the patient data could not reveal the process of evaluation and decision-making for CIA treatment from a physician's perspective. As the comparison of China Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) guidelines, the standard of CIA treatment in China will vary from United States and Europe, for example, the initial hemoglobin (Hb) for RBC transfusions. In order to understand the diagnosis, treatment, and unmet medical needs of CIA patients, the China Medical Education Association (CMEA), in conjunction with Cancer Hope Medium, initiated the first national survey of Chinese physicians regarding the diagnosis and treatment of CIA. METHODS: The CMEA sent an online, 12-item questionnaire (via wjx.cn) to physicians across China from September 1, 2022 to October 22, 2022. Two hundred and sixty-five samples were calculated usingsurveyplanet.com. The questionnaire evaluated the impact of anemia on chemotherapy interruption, initial treatment, the target Hb level of CIA in, and the current status of ESAs prescription in clinical practice. Respondents were asked to score their reasons for not using ESAs (including safety issues, drug access in practice or adherence) and the risk options of the current treatment including ESAs, RBC transfusion, and i.v.iron. RESULTS: A total of 331 questionnaires among 5,000 web visits were gathered, covering 247 hospitals in 29 provinces across China, of which 130 (53%) were tier IIIA hospitals, 50 (20%) were tier III B hospitals, 59 (24%) were tier IIA hospitals, and 8 (3%) were tier II B hospitals. The frequency of chemotherapy dose delay/reduction due to anemia was 24% [standard deviation (SD) 49%]. Most responding physicians rated an initial Hb level for ESAs treatment to be 80 g/L, with a favorable Hb level for chemotherapy being 100 g/L (60%), which would not limit treatment availability. The majority (67.6%, n=221) of physicians who responded indicated that they had used ESAs for anemia correction, while the others (32.4%, n=106) reported never using them. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study in conducting a large-scale survey on the diagnosis and treatment of CIA in China from a physicians' perspective. We found that in China, nearly one-quarter of patients undergoing chemotherapy with concurrent anemia may experience interruption of chemotherapy and that the initiation of anemia treatment is not adequately timed. In treating CIA, most physicians prioritize the completion of chemotherapy via Hb level over treating the symptoms of anemia.


Asunto(s)
Anemia , Antineoplásicos , Hematínicos , Neoplasias , Médicos , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Anemia/inducido químicamente , Anemia/tratamiento farmacológico , Hierro/efectos adversos , Hematínicos/efectos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Percepción
6.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 22(3)2024 03 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489926

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: NCCN Guidelines for Hematopoietic Growth Factors recommend evaluation and treatment of anemia in patients with cancer. However, a paucity of data exists regarding compliance with these recommendations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of patients diagnosed with any solid tumor at Vanderbilt University Medical Center from 2008 to 2017. Tumor registry-confirmed cancer cases were identified by ICD-O codes using the Synthetic Derivative database. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin (Hgb) level ≤11 g/dL and graded according to CTCAE version 5.0. Absolute, functional, and possible functional iron deficiency were defined based on NCCN Guidelines. RESULTS: A total of 25,018 patients met inclusion criteria. Median age was 60 years. The most common malignancies were respiratory tract, prostate, and nonprostate urologic (11% each). Among 8,695 patients with Hgb levels available prior to diagnosis, 1,484 (17%) were noted to be anemic proximal to diagnosis. Of the 25,018 patients, 11,019 (44%) were anemic within 6 months of diagnosis. Of these patients, 4,686 (43%) had grade 2 (moderate) anemia and 9,623 (87%) had normocytic anemia. Patients with retroperitoneal/peritoneal cancers had the highest prevalence of anemia (83/110; 75%). A total of 4,125 (37%) underwent any evaluation of their anemia, of whom 1,742 (16%) had iron studies performed and 1,528 (14%) had vitamin B12 or folate studies performed. Fewer than half of patients with anemia received treatment (n=4,318; 39%), including blood transfusion (n=3,528; 32%), oral iron supplementation (n=1,279; 12%), or intravenous iron supplementation (n=97; 1%). Anemia treatment was significantly more frequent as the grade of anemia increased (any treatment among grade 1/mild: 12%; grade 2/moderate: 31%; grade 3/severe: 77%; χ2 [2, n=11,019]=3,020.6; P<.001). Patients with penile and testicular cancers had the highest prevalence of anemia evaluation (n=57; 79%). CONCLUSIONS: Anemia is common in patients with solid tumors; yet, compliance with NCCN Guidelines for evaluation and treatment of anemia remains low. There are opportunities to improve compliance with guidelines across the spectrum of cancer care.


Asunto(s)
Anemia , Neoplasias , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/tratamiento farmacológico , Anemia/epidemiología , Hierro/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Administración Intravenosa , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/uso terapéutico
7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 30(5): 449-457, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488996

RESUMEN

BACKGROUP: Currently, aromatherapy is being increasingly utilized in clinical practice, particularly in managing the side effects associated with radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy. However, it remains to be established whether aromatherapy can effectively alleviate these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the physical and mental health of patients with cancer undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy. METHODS: Seven databases were researched from inception until September 29, 2023, including PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database, China Biology Medicine disc and VIP Chinese Medical Journal Database. Review Manager version 5.3 was utilized for data analysis. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool RoB2 was employed to evaluate the quality of the literature included in the study. Evidence quality rating was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach through the GRADEpro GDT online tool. RESULTS: Nineteen studies involving 1,541 patients were included. Aromatherapy can alleviate nausea [relative risk (RR)=0.64, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.53 to 0.78, P<0.05, I2=46%; standardized mean difference (SMD)=-0.86, 95% CI: -1.21 to -0.51, P<0.05, I2=64%] and vomiting (RR=0.54, 95% CI: 0.42 to 0.69, P<0.05, I2=35%; SMD=-1.28, 95% CI: -1.52 to -1.03, P<0.05, I2=92%), improve sleep disorders [mean difference (MD)=-3.39, 95% CI: -3.95 to -2.84, P<0.05, I2=0%], relieve pain (SMD=-1.58, 95% CI: -1.96 to -1.21, P<0.05, I2=0%), mitigate fatigue (SMD=-1.28, 95% CI: -2.44 to -0.11, P<0.05, I2=93%) and enhance quality of life (SMD=0.50, 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.79, P<0.05, I2=0%) in cancer patients after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, but it may not have a significant effect on anxiety. The risk of bias was high in the included studies using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool RoB2, and no studies were considered to be of high grade according to the GRADE system. CONCLUSIONS: Aromatherapy is an efficacious, safe and economic adjunctive therapy for cancer patients, which can mend the physical symptoms and mental health of cancer patients. However, more high-quality studies are needed to verify it. (PROSPERO registration No. CRD42023390171).


Asunto(s)
Aromaterapia , Salud Mental , Neoplasias , Humanos , Aromaterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/psicología , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Neoplasias/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Radioterapia/efectos adversos
8.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 111, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467866

RESUMEN

Cancer-related pain is a common and debilitating condition that can significantly affect the quality of life of patients. Opioids, NSAIDs, and antidepressants are among the first-line therapies, but their efficacy is limited or their use can be restricted due to serious side effects. Neuromodulation and lesioning techniques have also proven to be a valuable instrument for managing refractory pain. For patients who have exhausted all standard treatment options, hypophysectomy may be an effective alternative treatment. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of the available literature on PubMed and Scielo databases on using hypophysectomy to treat refractory cancer-related pain. Data extraction from included studies included study design, treatment model, number of treated patients, sex, age, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score, primary cancer site, lead time from diagnosis to treatment, alcohol injection volume, treatment data, and clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was reported using counts (N, %) and means (range). The study included data from 735 patients from 24 papers treated with hypophysectomy for refractory cancer-related pain. 329 cancer-related pain patients were treated with NALP, 216 with TSS, 66 with RF, 55 with Y90 brachytherapy, 51 with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GK), and 18 with cryoablation. The median age was 58.5 years. The average follow-up time was 8.97 months. Good pain relief was observed in 557 out of 735 patients, with complete pain relief in 108 out of 268 patients. Pain improvement onset was observed 24 h after TSS, a few days after NALP or cryoablation, and a few days to 4 weeks after GK. Complications varied among treatment modalities, with diabetes insipidus (DI) being the most common complication. Although mostly forgotten in modern neurosurgical practice, hypophysectomy is an attractive option for treating refractory cancer-related pain after failure of traditional therapies. Radiosurgery is a promising treatment modality due to its high success rate and reduced risk of complications.


Asunto(s)
Dolor en Cáncer , Neoplasias , Radiocirugia , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Hipofisectomía/efectos adversos , Dolor en Cáncer/etiología , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento , Dolor/etiología , Radiocirugia/métodos , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/cirugía
9.
PeerJ ; 12: e17053, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468641

RESUMEN

Background: Disrupted circadian rhythm commonly reported in cancer survivors is closely associated with cancer related fatigue, sleep disturbances and compromised quality of life. As more cancer survivors request non-pharmacological treatment strategies for the management of their chronic sleep-related symptoms, there is a need for meta-analyses of various interventions such as exercise on sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances. Methods: A search for RCT's was conducted in April 2020 and updated in July 2023 using relevant keywords for cancer, sleep, circadian rhythm and exercise interventions on PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PEDro and CINAHL. Results: Thirty-six studies were included for qualitative analysis and 26, for meta-analysis. Thirty-five studies analyzed sleep outcomes, while five analyzed circadian rhythm. RCT's studying the effect of aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, combined aerobic and resistance exercise, physical activity, yoga, or tai chi were included. Meta-analysis results showed significant exercise-related improvements on sleep quality assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index (PSQI) (SMD = -0.50 [-0.87, -0.13], p = 0.008), wake after sleep onset (WASO) (SMD = -0.29 [-0.53, -0.05], p = 0.02) and circadian rhythm, assessed by salivary cortisol levels (MD = -0.09 (95% CI [-0.13 to -0.06]) mg/dL, p < 0.001). Results of the meta-analysis indicated that exercise had no significant effect on sleep efficiency, sleep onset latency, total sleep time and circadian rhythm assessed by accelerometry values. Conclusion: While some sleep and circadian rhythm outcomes (PSQI, WASO and salivary cortisol) exhibited significant improvements, it is still somewhat unclear what exercise prescriptions would optimize different sleep and circadian rhythm outcomes across a variety of groups of cancer survivors. Implication: As exercise does not exacerbate cancer-related circadian rhythm and sleep disturbances, and may actually produce some significant benefits, this meta-analysis provides further evidence for cancer survivors to perform regular exercise.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer , Neoplasias , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Hidrocortisona , Sueño , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Ritmo Circadiano
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(3): 201, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427125

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: After receiving radiation therapy, 60%-95% of patients with cancer develop radiodermatitis, which causes pain, wound infection, and poor quality of life. Glutamine is a popular nutritional supplement for patients with cancer. Several studies examined the usefulness of glutamine for reducing radiodermatitis. However, there is still no consolidated evidence for clinical use. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL PLUS, and the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database for the relevant literature published up to March 2023, without language restrictions. Two reviewers screened, filtered, and appraised these articles independently, and their data were pooled using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 218 participants were analyzed. The incidence of radiodermatitis in the glutamine group (89/110) was significantly lower than in the placebo group (99/108; risk ratio [RR], 0.90; 95% CI, 0.81-1.00; p = 0.05; I2 = 7%). The incidence of moderate to severe radiodermatitis was significantly lower in the glutamine group than in the placebo group (RR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.32-0.76; p = 0.001; I2 = 52%). Moreover, subgroup analysis demonstrated heterogeneity (I2 = 52%) for moderate to severe radiodermatitis, the risk of which might be significantly reduced by a glutamine dose of 20-30 g/day (RR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.41-0.87; I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis indicate that glutamine might lead to a lower incidence of radiodermatitis, and that a glutamine dose of 20-30 g/day might decrease the incidence of moderate to severe dermatitis. Thus, the serious impact of radiodermatitis on treatment follow-up makes the clinical use of glutamine even more important. PROSPERO number: CRD42021254394.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Radiodermatitis , Humanos , Glutamina/uso terapéutico , Radiodermatitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Radiodermatitis/etiología , Radiodermatitis/prevención & control , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Suplementos Dietéticos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(11): e37480, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489718

RESUMEN

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common symptom among patients with cancer, with a prevalence of >49%. CRF significantly affects the quality of life of patients and may also affect their overall survival. Pharmacological interventions serve as a last resort after carefully weighing the risks and benefits, with limited benefits for patients, many side effects, and adverse reactions. Compared to traditional medicine, nutritional approaches have fewer side effects, are highly accepted by patients, and do not affect the antitumor treatment of patients. Many studies have shown that nutritional approaches, as a form of complementary and alternative medicine, help improve the symptoms of CRF and the quality of life of patients. This study was designed to examine nutritional approaches to CRF and assess their effectiveness of nutritional approaches in improving CRF. We present an overview of clinical trials investigating nutritional approaches for CRF that have been published over the last 2 decades. A total of 33 records were obtained from 3 databases: Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PubMed. Some nutritional approaches, such as melatonin, PG2, and S-adenosyl-l-methionine, are potential options for CRF treatment. However, the trials included in the review varied widely in quality, most were weak in methodology, and there is currently insufficient evidence to conclude with certainty the effectiveness of nutritional approaches in reducing CRF. Therefore, the design and methods used in future complementary and alternative medicine trials should be more rigorous.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Neoplasias , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia
12.
Pain Manag ; 14(2): 87-99, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318666

RESUMEN

Aim: We aimed to understand experiences with opioids and cannabis for post-treatment cancer survivors. Patients & methods: We conducted seven focus groups among head and neck and lung cancer survivors, using standard qualitative methodology to explore themes around 1) post-treatment pain and 2) utilization, perceived benefits and perceived harms of cannabis and opioids. Results & conclusion: Survivors (N = 25) experienced addiction fears, stigma and access challenges for both products. Opioids were often perceived as critical for severe pain. Cannabis reduced pain and anxiety for many survivors, suggesting that anxiety screening, as recommended in guidelines, would improve traditional pain assessment. Opioids and cannabis present complex harms and benefits for post-treatment survivors who must balance pain management and minimizing side effects.


Asunto(s)
Cannabis , Dolor Crónico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Dolor Crónico/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Sobrevivientes
13.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 55: 101838, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: and purpose: Aromatherapy offers a low-risk solution for effectively managing common nausea and vomiting in cancer patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess its impact on these symptoms to facilitate practical guidelines establishment. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Embase were searched for articles published until April 30, 2023. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of aromatherapy on nausea and vomiting in patients with cancer (age ≥18 years). The effect size was calculated using standardized mean differences (SMDs) with a random effects model. Subgroup analyses, meta-analysis of variance, and meta-regression were performed using the "meta" package in R version 4.0.2. Heterogeneity was assessed using I2 statistics. Sensitivity and publication bias analyses were performed; two reviewers independently assessed risk of bias using Cochrane's risk-of-bias tool 2.0. RESULTS: Twenty-five RCTs across 10 articles revealed that aromatherapy reduced overall nausea and vomiting in patients with cancer with significant efficacy (SMD = -0.81, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: -1.11 to -0.52). Furthermore, aromatherapy reduced nausea (SMD = -0.85, 95 % CI: -1.23 to -0.46) and combined nausea and vomiting (SMD = -1.08, 95 % CI: -1.68 to -0.47), but not vomiting alone (SMD = -0.24, 95 % CI: -1.03 to 0.55). Inhalation and massage yielded positive results, especially in chemotherapy-induced cases; peppermint oil was particularly successful. CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore aromatherapy's value in managing cancer treatment-associated nausea and vomiting. Conclusive evidence on aromatherapy-led nausea reduction is lacking due to limited RCTs; research is warranted for robust conclusions.


Asunto(s)
Aromaterapia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Adolescente , Aromaterapia/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Vómitos/terapia , Vómitos/inducido químicamente , Náusea/terapia , Náusea/inducido químicamente , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia
15.
Anticancer Res ; 44(3): 895-900, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423660

RESUMEN

Pain is a debilitating phenomenon that dramatically impairs the quality of life of patients. Many chronic conditions, including cancer, are associated with chronic pain. Despite pharmacological efforts that have been conducted, many patients suffering from cancer pain remain without treatment. To date, opioids are considered the preferred therapeutic choice for cancer-related pain management. Unfortunately, opioid treatment causes side effects and inefficiently relieves patients from pain, therefore alternative therapies have been considered, including Cannabis Sativa and cannabinoids. Accumulating evidence has highlighted that an increasing number of patients are choosing to use cannabis and cannabinoids for the management of their soothing and non-palliative cancer pain and other cancer-related symptoms. However, their clinical application must be supported by convincing and reproducible clinical trials. In this review, we provide an update on cannabinoid use for cancer pain management. Moreover, we tried to turn a light on the potential use of cannabis as a possible therapeutic option for cancer-related pain relief.


Asunto(s)
Dolor en Cáncer , Cannabidiol , Cannabinoides , Cannabis , Neoplasias , Humanos , Cannabinoides/uso terapéutico , Dolor en Cáncer/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor en Cáncer/etiología , Calidad de Vida , Dolor/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor/etiología , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Cannabidiol/uso terapéutico
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(8): e37024, 2024 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394488

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cancer pain is one of the most intolerable and frightening symptoms of cancer patients. However, the clinical effect of the three-step analgesic ladder method (TSAL) is not satisfactory. The combination of external treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) can improve the clinical effect. OBJECTIVE: This study used network meta-analysis to compare the effects of different external treatment methods of TCM combined with TSAL on cancer pain. METHODS: Databases searched by our team included Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library. Randomized controlled trials related to the external treatment of TCM combined with TSAL for cancer pain were screened from the establishment of the database till now. The above literature extracted clinical efficacy, NRS score, KPS score, analgesic onset time, and duration as the main results after the screening. The 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of OR value and SMD value was used as the effect index to compare the difference in efficacy of different interventions, and the ranking was conducted. STATA 17.0 software was used for the statistical analysis of the above data. RESULTS: A total of 78 studies were included, including 8 interventions and 5742 participants. Based on ranking probability, the clinical effective rate of manual acupuncture combined with TSAL was the best when the intervention time was set at 4 weeks [OR = 5.42, 95% CI (1.99,14.81)], and the improvement effect on KPS score was also the best [SMD = 0.97, 95% CI (0.61, 1.33)]. Acupoint external application was the best intervention in reducing NRS score [SMD = -1.14, 95% CI (-1.90, -0.93)]. Acupoint moxibustion combined with TSAL was considered to be the most effective intervention to prolong the duration of analgesia [SMD = 1.69, 95% CI (0.84, 2.54)] and shortening the onset time of analgesia [SMD = -3.00, 95% CI (-4.54, -1.47)]. CONCLUSIONS: TSAL combined with manual acupuncture is the best in terms of clinical efficacy and improvement of patients' functional activity status. With the extension of treatment time, the intervention of this kind of treatment on the clinical effect is more pronounced. Acupoint external application also has a unique advantage in reducing the pain level of patients. From the point of view of analgesic duration and duration of analgesia, combined acupoint moxibustion has the best effect.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dolor en Cáncer , Neoplasias , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China , Dolor en Cáncer/terapia , Metaanálisis en Red , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Dolor , Analgésicos/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia
17.
Pain Manag ; 14(3): 129-138, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375593

RESUMEN

Background: Opioid misuse is a persistent concern, heightened by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examines the risk factors contributing to elevated rates of abnormal urine drug tests (UDTs) in the cancer pain patient population during COVID-19. Materials & methods: A retrospective chart review of 500 patient encounters involving UDTs at a comprehensive cancer center. Results: Medication adherence rates increase when UDTs are incorporated into a chronic cancer pain management protocol. Higher positive tests for illicit or nonprescribed substances in patients with specific risk factors: current smokers (tobacco), no active cancer and concurrent benzodiazepine use. Conclusion: This research emphasizes the increased risk of opioid misuse during COVID-19 among cancer pain patients with specific risk factors outlined in the results.


This study looked at how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected opioid use among people with cancer-related pain. The researchers checked the records of 500 patients who had had tests to see if they used opioids correctly. They found that when these tests were part of the treatment plan, patients were more likely to take their medicines correctly. However, they also noticed that certain patients, such as those who smoke, do not have active cancer or are taking another type of medication (i.e., benzodiazepines), are more likely to use opioids or other drugs in ways that deviated from the original intention. This study shows that during the pandemic, which continues to exist, it is even more important to watch how these patients use their painkillers and help them avoid misuse.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Dolor en Cáncer , Neoplasias , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Analgésicos Opioides/orina , Dolor en Cáncer/tratamiento farmacológico , Prevalencia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico
18.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 23: 15347354231226127, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317410

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: People living with a cancer diagnosis often experience cancer-related fatigue (CRF). Between 9% and 45% of people report CRF as moderate to severe, negatively impacting their quality-of-life (QOL). The evidence-base for managing CRF recommends exercise-related therapies over pharmaceutical interventions. One such exercise-like therapy is Baduanjin mind-body exercise (MBE), which has additional benefits. A remotely delivered program may further benefit people with CRF. The primary objective of this pilot will test study feasibility of a remotely delivered Baduanjin MBE exercise program for people living with CRF. METHODS: This is a randomized wait-list controlled pilot study and will take place in Sydney, Australia. Subject to informed consent, 40 adults with moderate CRF levels and receiving or previously received adjuvant chemotherapy, will undertake a home-based 8-week Baduanjin MBE program supported by online resources and instructors. The primary feasibility outcomes are recruitment, enrollment, retention, and adherence rates; and safety as measured by tolerance and adverse-event frequency. Clinical outcomes (eg, changes in CRF, QOL, and participant perceptions) are assessed at pre-intervention, week 1, week 4, week 8, and post-intervention. Analyses follows the Intent-to-Treat (all participants as per randomization) and per-protocol (participants adhering to the protocol). Missing data will be imputed from previous data entries and regression models may be tested to predict missing outcomes. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating the feasibility and effects of Baduanjin MBE on CRF using a remote delivery method. These feasibility data will inform a fully powered future trial investigating evidence of effect on CRF and QOL.Trial registration: Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR 12623000177651).Ringgold ID: 651498 Chinese Medicine Centre.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios de Factibilidad , Australia , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
20.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(3): 169, 2024 Feb 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374447

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Foundational research demonstrates that spirituality may affect the way people with cancer experience pain. One potential route is through alterations in thoughts and beliefs, such as pain-related catastrophizing. The purpose of this study is to understand whether spirituality impacts pain experiences through pain-related catastrophizing. METHODS: This explanatory sequential mixed methods study was informed by an adapted Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms. Data were collected via online surveys (N = 79) and follow-up qualitative interviews (N = 25). Phase 1 employed Empirical Bayesian analysis. Phase 2 used deductive content analysis. Phase 3 involved creating a mixed methods joint display to integrate findings and draw meta inferences. RESULTS: Results indicate that total spiritual well-being was directly negatively associated with pain-related catastrophizing, and indirectly negatively associated with the outcomes of pain interference, pain severity, and pain-related distress. Qualitative categories highlight the supportive role of spirituality when facing pain, while also shedding light on the limitations of spirituality in the context of some pain (i.e., severe, neuropathic, and/or chronic). Mixed methods findings reveal the importance of spirituality for some people as they face cancer and cancer-related pain, as well as the need for integrating spirituality as part of a larger pain management plan. CONCLUSIONS: This research advances supportive cancer care by exploring the complex role of spirituality in pain experiences. Findings will inform further exploration into the role of spirituality in supporting holistic symptom management in the context of cancer, as well as developing and testing interventions to enhance spirituality and address symptom-related suffering.


Asunto(s)
Dolor en Cáncer , Neoplasias , Terapias Espirituales , Adulto , Humanos , Espiritualidad , Teorema de Bayes , Dolor/complicaciones , Dolor en Cáncer/terapia , Dolor en Cáncer/complicaciones , Neoplasias/complicaciones
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