Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 608
Filtrar
Más filtros

Medicinas Complementárias
Tipo del documento
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 107: 104430, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552755

RESUMEN

The prevalence of metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) continues to increase due in part to the obesity epidemic and to environmental exposures to metabolism disrupting chemicals. A single gavage exposure of male mice to Aroclor 1260 (Ar1260), an environmentally relevant mixture of non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), resulted in steatohepatitis and altered RNA modifications in selenocysteine tRNA 34 weeks post-exposure. Unbiased approaches identified the liver proteome, selenoproteins, and levels of 25 metals. Ar1260 altered the abundance of 128 proteins. Enrichment analysis of the liver Ar1260 proteome included glutathione metabolism and translation of selenoproteins. Hepatic glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and Selenoprotein O (SELENOO) were increased and Selenoprotein F (SELENOF), Selenoprotein S (SELENOS), Selenium binding protein 2 (SELENBP2) were decreased with Ar1260 exposure. Increased copper, selenium (Se), and zinc and reduced iron levels were detected. These data demonstrate that Ar1260 exposure alters the (seleno)proteome, Se, and metals in MASLD-associated pathways.


Asunto(s)
Arocloros , Hígado Graso , Selenio , Masculino , Ratones , Animales , Proteoma/metabolismo , Glutatión Peroxidasa/metabolismo , Selenoproteínas/genética , Selenoproteínas/metabolismo , Hígado/metabolismo
2.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(4): e0272623, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415603

RESUMEN

Antibiotic resistance is a recognized and concerning public health issue. Gram-negative bacilli, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), are notorious for their rapid development of drug resistance, leading to treatment failures. TanReQing injection (TRQ) was chosen to explore its pharmacological mechanisms against clinical multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa (MDR-PA), given its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. We revealed the expression of proteins and genes in P. aeruginosa after co-culture with TRQ. This study developed an assessment method to evaluate clinical resistance of P. aeruginosa using MALDI-TOF MS identification and Biotyper database searching techniques. Additionally, it combined MIC determination to investigate changes in MDR-PA treated by TRQ. TRQ effectively reduced the MICs of ceftazidime and cefoperazone and enhanced the confidence scores of MDR-PA as identified by mass spectrometry. Using this evaluation method, the fingerprints of standard P. aeruginosa and MDR-PA were compared, and the characteristic peptide sequence (Seq-PA No. 1) associated with flagellum was found. The phenotypic experiments were conducted to confirm the effect of TRQ on the motility and adhesion of P. aeruginosa. A combination of co-immunoprecipitation and proteome analysis was employed, and 16 proteins were significantly differentially expressed and identified as potential candidates for investigating the mechanism of inhibiting resistance in P. aeruginosa treated by TRQ. The candidates were verified by quantitative real-time PCR analysis, and TRQ may affect these core proteins (MexA, MexB, OprM, OprF, OTCase, IDH, and ASL) that influence resistance of P. aeruginosa. The combination of multiple methods helps elucidate the synergistic mechanism of TRQ in overcoming resistance of P. aeruginosa.IMPORTANCEPseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen closely associated with various life-threatening acute and chronic infections. The presence of antimicrobial resistance and multidrug resistance in P. aeruginosa infections significantly complicates antibiotic treatment. The expression of ß-lactamase, efflux systems such as MexAB-OprM, and outer membrane permeability are considered to have the greatest impact on the sensitivity of P. aeruginosa. The study used a method to assess the clinical resistance of P. aeruginosa using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry identification and Biotyper database search techniques. TanReQing injection (TRQ) effectively reduced the MICs of ceftazidime and cefoperazone in multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa (MDR-PA) and improved the confidence scores for co-cultured MDR-PA. The study found a characteristic peptide sequence for distinguishing whether P. aeruginosa is resistant. Through co-immunoprecipitation and proteome analysis, we explored the mechanism of TRQ overcoming resistance of P. aeruginosa.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Infecciones por Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Humanos , Ceftazidima/farmacología , Cefoperazona/metabolismo , Cefoperazona/farmacología , Cefoperazona/uso terapéutico , Proteoma/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/microbiología , Péptidos/farmacología
3.
Brain Behav ; 14(1): e3382, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376040

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate dynamic urinary proteome changes of electroacupuncture (EP) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (CI/R) injured rats and to explore the therapeutic biological mechanisms of EP. METHODS: First, changed urinary proteins were found in EP stimulation in healthy rats. Then, we used a CI/R injury rat model induced by Pulsinelli's four-vessel occlusion (4-VO) method to explore the function of EP on urinary proteome in CI/R injury. Urine samples were collected for proteome analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: In total, 384 proteins were identified, among which 47 proteins (23 upregulated, 24 downregulated) were differentially expressed with 0.6-log FC and p < .05. Gene ontology analysis revealed that the cell redox homeostasis, acute-phase response, response to lipopolysaccharide, and cellular response to glucocorticoid stimulus were significantly enriched. The partially biologically connected differential proteins were found by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis in the EP group. With the CI/R rat model, 80 proteins (27 upregulated, 53 downregulated) were significantly changed in the CI/R rats compared to the controls. Among these differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), 23 proteins (17 upregulated, six downregulated) showed significant changes after EP treatment (0.6-log FC change, p < .05). The main related biological processes were aging, immune response, acute-phase response, liver regeneration, protein catabolic process, and response to oxidative stress. Many metabolic pathways were enriched by KEGG analysis. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the EP could alleviate cerebral damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion through an anti-inflammatory and metabolism regulation mechanism. The urinary proteome might reflect the pathophysiological changes in EP pretreatment in the treatment and prevention of CI/R injury.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Electroacupuntura , Daño por Reperfusión , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Proteoma/metabolismo , Cromatografía Liquida , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Infarto Cerebral , Daño por Reperfusión/terapia , Daño por Reperfusión/metabolismo
4.
Eur J Nutr ; 63(3): 869-879, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38214710

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Shatavari is an understudied, widely available herbal supplement. It contains steroidal saponins and phytoestrogens. We previously showed that six weeks of shatavari supplementation improved handgrip strength and increased markers of myosin contractile function. Mechanistic insights into shatavari's actions are limited. Therefore, we performed proteomics on vastus lateralis (VL) samples that remained from our original study. METHODS: In a randomised double-blind trial, women (68.5 ± 6 years) ingested either placebo or shatavari (equivalent to 26,500 mg/d fresh weight) for six weeks. Tandem mass tag global proteomic analysis of VL samples was conducted (N = 7 shatavari, N = 5 placebo). Data were normalized to total peptides and scaled using a reference sample. Data were filtered using a 5% FDR. For each protein, the pre to post supplementation difference was expressed as log2 fold change. Welch's t tests with Benjamini-Hochberg corrections were performed for each protein. Pathway enrichment (PADOG, CAMERA) was interrogated in Reactome (v85). RESULTS: No individual protein was significantly different between supplementation conditions. Both PADOG and CAMERA indicated that pathways related to (1) Integrin/MAPK signalling, (2) metabolism/insulin secretion; (3) cell proliferation/senescence/DNA repair/cell death; (4) haemostasis/platelets/fibrin; (5) signal transduction; (6) neutrophil degranulation and (7) chemical synapse function were significantly upregulated. CAMERA indicated pathways related to translation/amino acid metabolism, viral infection, and muscle contraction were downregulated. CONCLUSION: Our analyses indicate that shatavari may support muscle adaptation responses to exercise. These data provide useful signposts for future investigation of shatavari's utility in conserving and enhancing musculoskeletal function in older age. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05025917 30/08/21, retrospectively registered.


Asunto(s)
Proteoma , Entrenamiento de Fuerza , Humanos , Femenino , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteómica , Fuerza de la Mano , Posmenopausia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Suplementos Dietéticos , Método Doble Ciego , Fuerza Muscular
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(2): 1405-1417, 2024 Jan 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181196

RESUMEN

Donkey milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) proteins are a class of membrane-bound secreted proteins with broad-spectrum biofunctional activities; however, their site-specific O-glycosylation landscapes have not been systematically mapped. In this study, an in-depth MFGM O-glycoproteome profile of donkey milk during lactation was constructed based on an intact glycopeptide-centered, label-free glycoproteomics pipeline, with 2137 site-specific O-glycans from 1121 MFGM glycoproteins and 619 site-specific O-glycans from 217 MFGM glycoproteins identified in donkey colostrum and donkey mature milk, respectively. As lactation progressed, the number of site-specific O-glycans from three glycoproteins significantly increased, whereas that of 11 site-specific O-glycans from five glycoproteins significantly decreased. Furthermore, donkey MFGM O-glycoproteins with core-1 and core-2 core structures and Lewis and sialylated branch structures may be involved in regulating apoptosis. The findings of this study reveal the differences in the composition of donkey MFGM O-glycoproteins and their site-specific O-glycosylation modification dynamic change rules during lactation, providing a molecular basis for understanding the complexity and biological functions of donkey MFGM protein O-glycosylation.


Asunto(s)
Calostro , Proteoma , Animales , Femenino , Embarazo , Calostro/química , Equidae/metabolismo , Glucolípidos/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Glicosilación , Gotas Lipídicas/química , Proteínas de la Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de la Leche/química , Polisacáridos/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
6.
Redox Biol ; 69: 102969, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064764

RESUMEN

Chemoproteomic profiling of sulfhydryl-containing proteins has consistently been an attractive research hotspot. However, there remains a dearth of probes that are specifically designed for sulfhydryl-containing proteins, possessing sufficient reactivity, specificity, distinctive isotopic signature, as well as efficient labeling and evaluation capabilities for proteins implicated in the regulation of redox homeostasis. Here, the specific selenium-containing probes (Se-probes) in this work displayed high specificity and reactivity toward cysteine thiols on small molecules, peptides and purified proteins and showed very good competitive effect of proteins labeling in gel-ABPP. We identified more than 6000 candidate proteins. In TOP-ABPP, we investigated the peptide labeled by Se-probes, which revealed a distinct isotopic envelope pattern of selenium in both the primary and secondary mass spectra. This unique pattern can provide compelling evidence for identifying redox regulatory proteins and other target peptides. Furthermore, our examiation of post-translational modification (PTMs) of the cysteine site residues showed that oxidation PTMs was predominantly observed. We anticipate that Se-probes will enable broader and deeper proteome-wide profiling of sulfhydryl-containing proteins, provide an ideal tool for focusing on proteins that regulate redox homeostasis and advance the development of innovative selenium-based pharmaceuticals.


Asunto(s)
Cisteína , Selenio , Cisteína/metabolismo , Compuestos de Sulfhidrilo/química , Péptidos/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Oxidación-Reducción , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(43): 16057-16066, 2023 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37856434

RESUMEN

Vitexin, which exists in various medicinal plants and food sources, has recently received increasing attention because of its anti-inflammatory properties. This study aims to identify the protein target of vitexin that ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. The results showed that vitexin not only alleviated the clinical symptoms and colonic damage in mice with DSS-induced colitis but also suppressed the colonic production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, ICAM, and VCAM) and enhanced the expression of barrier-associated proteins (ZO-1, Occludin, and E-cadherin). Based on tissue thermal proteome profiling (Tissue-TPP) and molecular docking, OLA1 was creatively identified as a potential protein target for vitexin. Further siRNA-mediated knockdown of the OLA1 gene in Caco-2 cells demonstrated the ability of OLA1 to increase Nrf2 protein expression and, thus, mediated the anti-inflammatory effects of vitexin. Interaction of the OLA1-vitexin complex with Keap1 protein to disrupt the Keap1-Nrf2 interaction may be required for activating Nrf2. Our findings revealed a novel role for OLA1 as a protein target of vitexin that contributes to its anti-inflammatory action by activating Nrf2, which may provide a promising molecular mechanism for novel therapeutic strategies to treat colitis and the associated systemic inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Colitis Ulcerosa , Colitis , Humanos , Ratones , Animales , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextran/metabolismo , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Colitis/inducido químicamente , Colitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Colitis/genética , Colon/metabolismo , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Colitis Ulcerosa/inducido químicamente , Adenosina Trifosfatasas/metabolismo
8.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 22(11): 100638, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37704098

RESUMEN

A major limitation when undertaking quantitative proteomic time-course experimentation is the tradeoff between depth-of-analysis and speed-of-analysis. In high complexity and high dynamic range sample types, such as plant extracts, balance between resolution and time is especially apparent. To address this, we evaluate multiple compensation voltage (CV) high field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMSpro) settings using the latest label-free single-shot Orbitrap-based DIA acquisition workflows for their ability to deeply quantify the Arabidopsis thaliana seedling proteome. Using a BoxCarDIA acquisition workflow with a -30 -50 -70 CV FAIMSpro setting, we were able to consistently quantify >5000 Arabidopsis seedling proteins over a 21-min gradient, facilitating the analysis of ∼42 samples per day. Utilizing this acquisition approach, we then quantified proteome-level changes occurring in Arabidopsis seedling shoots and roots over 24 h of salt and osmotic stress, to identify early and late stress response proteins and reveal stress response overlaps. Here, we successfully quantify >6400 shoot and >8500 root protein groups, respectively, quantifying nearly ∼9700 unique protein groups in total across the study. Collectively, we pioneer a short gradient, multi-CV FAIMSpro BoxCarDIA acquisition workflow that represents an exciting new analysis approach for undertaking quantitative proteomic time-course experimentation in plants.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteómica/métodos , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Estrés Salino , Plantones/metabolismo
9.
Vet Med Sci ; 9(6): 2852-2861, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37725360

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although there are studies on colostrum and milk proteomics of different species in the literature, there is no published report about different quality bovine colostrums' proteomics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the proteome content of high- and low-quality bovine colostrums for the first time. METHODS: Colostrum samples were collected from 32 Holstein cows from the same farm that had just calved. Brix% levels of colostrums were measured, and then, those with a Brix% value of ≥27% were classified as high-quality and those with a Brix% value of <22% as low-quality. Three samples from high-quality and low-quality colostrums were selected and proteomic analyses were performed by pooling separately. RESULTS: Totally 95 proteins were identified in the colostrums, and 19 of them showed significant changes between high- and low-quality colostrums. Expressions in colostrum of glycosylation-dependent cell adhesion molecule-1, cofilin-1, alpha-S2-casein, alpha-lactalbumin, alpha-1B-glycoprotein, actin_cytoplasmic-1, nucleobindin-1, cathelicidin-4, inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4, chitinase-3-like protein 1 and monocyte differentiation antigen CD14 were lower, whereas tetranectin, secreted frizzled-related protein-1 (SFRP1), perilipin-2, coatomer subunit epsilon (COPE), butyrophilin subfamily 1 member A1, polyubiquitin-B, lactadherin and albumin levels were higher in high-quality colostrum than low-quality colostrum. Moreover, SFRP1, COPE and cathelicidin-4 proteins were identified for the first time in bovine colostrum. In high-quality colostrum, the most prominently down-regulated proteins were cathelicidin-4 (26.01-fold) and cofilin-1 (17.42-fold), and the most prominently up-regulated proteins were COPE (3.37-fold) and tetranectin (3.07-fold). CONCLUSIONS: It was detected that the proteome contents of high- and low-quality bovine colostrums were different from each other. As new functions are added to the protein databases regarding these proteins detected in colostrums, the interactions of proteins with each other and with other molecules will be detailed and the effects of high-quality colostrums on passive transfer immunity and calf health will be understood in full detail.


Asunto(s)
Calostro , Proteoma , Femenino , Embarazo , Animales , Bovinos , Calostro/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteómica , Catelicidinas/metabolismo , Factores Despolimerizantes de la Actina/metabolismo
10.
Neurotoxicology ; 99: 70-81, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37729970

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: One of the most powerful stimulants of the central nervous system is methamphetamine (METH). Linalool has a neuroprotective effect against ischemia injury by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis. The present study investigated whether linalool can reverse the hypothalamus neurotoxicity and proteome disturbance in METH-treated rats. BRIEF METHOD: A total of 36 male albino rats were split into two equal groups (normal and METH-treated). Three equal subgroups of normal rats were created; Control, Linalool (25 mg/kg), and Linalool (50 mg/kg); Normal rats were given daily oral doses of 1 ml of distilled water, 25 mg/kg linalool, and 50 mg/kg of linalool, respectively. METH groups were divided into 3 equal subgroups; METH-treated rats, Linalool (25 mg/kg)+METH-treated, and Linalool (50 mg/kg)+METH-treated subgroups; METH-treated rats received daily and oral doses of 1 ml distilled water, 25 mg/kg linalool, and 50 mg/kg of linalool, respectively. RESULTS: According to the data obtained, METH caused a decrease of the sucrose preference test, travel distance test, and center square entries test, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, NADPH oxidase, interleukin-10 but a rise in the center square duration test, tail suspension test, and forced swimming test, malondialdehyde, conjugated dienes, oxidative index, serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, γ-aminobutyric acid, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6 levels. When compared to the control group, rats treated with METH had lower sodium/potassium ATPase activity and missing of prothrombin, fibrinogen, and ceruloplasmin protein bands in the hypothalamus. In METH-treated rats, daily and oral co-administration with linalool brought all these parameters back to values that were close to control. SIGNIFICANCE: According to obtained data, linalool could protect the hypothalamus against METH-induced neurotoxicity and proteome disturbance probably by modifying oxidative stress, neurotransmitters, inflammation, sodium/potassium-ATPase activity, proteome disturbance, and tissue histology in METH-treated rats where higher dose of linalool was more efficient than lower dose.


Asunto(s)
Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central , Metanfetamina , Síndromes de Neurotoxicidad , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Metanfetamina/toxicidad , Proteoma/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Síndromes de Neurotoxicidad/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Potasio , Adenosina Trifosfatasas/metabolismo , Sodio , Agua
11.
Sci China Life Sci ; 66(9): 2020-2040, 2023 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37526911

RESUMEN

The ionome is essential for maintaining body function and health status by participating in diverse key biological processes. Nevertheless, the distribution and utilization of ionome among different organs and how aging impacts the ionome leading to a decline in egg white quality remain unknown. Thus, we used inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to analyze 35 elements and their isotopic contents in eight organs of laying hens at 35, 72, and 100 weeks. Moreover, the magnum proteome, amino acids in egg white, and egg white quality were analyzed in laying hens at three different ages using 4D proteomics techniques, an amino acid analyzer, and an egg quality analyzer. Across the organs, we identified varying distribution patterns among macroelements (Mg24, Ca43/44, K39, and P31), transition metals (Zn64/66, Cu63/65, Fe56/57, and Mn55), and toxic elements (Pb208, Ba137, and Sr86). We observed an organ-specific aging pattern characterized by the accumulation of toxic elements (Pb208, Ba137, and Sr86) and calcification in the small intestine. Additionally, a decrease in the utilization of essential trace elements selenium (Se78/82) and manganese (Mn55) was noted in the oviduct. By analyzing ionome in tandem with egg quality, egg white amino acids, and proteome, we unveiled that the reduction of selenium and manganese concentrations in the magnum during the aging process affected amino acid metabolism, particularly tryptophan metabolism, thereby inhibiting the amino acid synthesis in the magnum. Furthermore, it accelerated the senescence of magnum cells through necroptosis activation, leading to a decline in the albumen secretion function of the magnum and subsequently reducing egg white quality. Overall, this study provides insights into the evolution of 35 elements and their isotopes across 8 organs of laying hens with age. It also reveals the elemental composition, interactions, and utilization patterns of these organs, as well as their correlation with egg white quality. The present study highlights the significance of ionome and offers a comprehensive perspective on the selection of ionome for regulating the aging of laying hens.


Asunto(s)
Clara de Huevo , Selenio , Animales , Femenino , Proteoma/metabolismo , Pollos , Selenio/metabolismo , Manganeso/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Envejecimiento
12.
J Proteomics ; 288: 104959, 2023 09 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37478968

RESUMEN

Danshen, belongs to the Lamiaceae family, and its scientific name is Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. It is a valuable medicinal plant to prevent and treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Lysine succinylation, a widespread modification found in various organisms, plays a critical role in regulating secondary metabolism in plants. The hairy roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza were subject to proteomic analysis to identify lysine succinylation sites using affinity purification and HPLC-MS/MS in this investigation. Our findings reveal 566 lysine succinylation sites in 348 protein sequences. We observed 110 succinylated proteins related to secondary metabolism, totaling 210 modification sites. Our analysis identified 53 types of enzymes among the succinylated proteins, including phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). PAL, a crucial enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of rosmarinic acid and flavonoids, displayed succinylation at two sites. ALDH, which participates in the phenylpropane metabolic pathway, was succinylated at 8 eight sites. These observations suggest that lysine succinylation may play a vital role in regulating the production of secondary metabolites in Salvia miltiorrhiza. Our study may provide valuable insights for further investigation on plant succinylation, specifically as a reference point. SIGNIFICANCE: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge is a valuable medicinal plant that prevents and treats cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Lysine succinylation plays a critical role in regulating secondary metabolism in plants. The hairy roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza were subject to proteomic analysis to identify lysine succinylation sites using affinity purification and HPLC-MS/MS in this investigation. These observations suggest that lysine succinylation may act as a vital role in regulating the production of secondary metabolites in Salvia miltiorrhiza. Our study may provide valuable insights for further investigation on succinylation in plants, specifically as a reference point.


Asunto(s)
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Metabolismo Secundario , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Proteómica
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(28): 10863-10876, 2023 Jul 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37410070

RESUMEN

Milk samples were collected from 10 cows, in the colostrum (3-4 days) and mature (90 days) lactation stage, to assess the differential expression of all whey proteins and N-glycoproteins. In total, 240 whey proteins and 315 N-glycosylation sites on 214 glycoproteins were quantified. GO annotations, KEGG pathway analysis, and protein classification were performed to understand the similarities and differences of the biological functions of whey proteins and N-glycoproteins among different lactation stages in bovine milk. Furthermore, differential expression of whey proteins and whey N-glycosylated proteins was found between different lactation stages. The related changes of biological functions in differentially expressed proteins were discussed. For example, the increased frequency of glycosylation on lactoferrin and folate receptor alpha occurring in bovine colostrum may provide protection and stimulate development of the newborn calf. Our study thereby improves understanding of variations of glycosylation sites on milk glycoproteins among lactation stages.


Asunto(s)
Calostro , Leche , Animales , Bovinos , Femenino , Embarazo , Calostro/química , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Lactancia , Leche/química , Proteínas de la Leche/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Suero Lácteo/química , Proteína de Suero de Leche/metabolismo
14.
Phytomedicine ; 117: 154897, 2023 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37307738

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Natural products are an important source for discovering novel drugs due to their various pharmacological activities. Salvia miltiorrhiza Burge (Danshen) has been shown to have promising therapeutic potential in the management of heart diseases, making it a candidate for cardiovascular drug discovery. Currently, there is limited quantitative analysis of the phosphorylation levels of Danshen-derived natural products on a proteome-wide, which may bias the study of their mechanisms of action. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the global signaling perturbation induced by Danshen-derived bioactive compounds and their potential relationship with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury therapy. STUDY DESIGN: We employed quantitative proteome and phosphoproteome analysis to identify dysregulated signaling in IR injury hearts from mice. We compared changes induced by Danshen-derived compounds based on IR-associated phospho-events, using an integrative approach that maps relative abundance of proteins and phosphorylation sites. METHODS: Isobaric chemical tandem mass tags (TMT) labeled multiplexing strategy was used to generate unbiased quantitative proteomics and phosphoproteomics data. Highly accurate and precise TMT quantitation was performed using the Orbitrap Fusion Tribrid Mass Spectrometer with synchronous precursor selection MS3 detection mode. Mass spectrometric raw files were analyzed with MaxQuant (2.0.1.0) and statistical and bioinformatics analysis was conducted with Perseus (1.6.15). RESULTS: We quantified 3661 proteins and over 11,000 phosphosites in impaired heart tissue of the IR mice model, expanding our knowledge of signaling pathways and other biological processes disrupted in IR injury. Next, 1548 and 5545 differently expressed proteins and phosphosites were identified by quantifying the proteome and phosphoproteome of H9c2 cells treated by five Danshen bioactive compounds respectively. Results revealed the vast differences in abilities of five Danshen-derived bioactive compounds to regulate phosphorylation modifications in cardiomyocytes, with dihydrotanshinone I (DHT) showing potential for protecting against IR injury by modulating the AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a new strategy for analyzing drug/natural product-regulated phosphorylation modification levels on a proteome-wide scale, leading to a better understanding of cell signaling pathways and downstream phenotypic responses.


Asunto(s)
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Ratones , Animales , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteómica/métodos , Fosforilación , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(11)2023 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37298579

RESUMEN

Multiple abiotic stress is known as a type of environmental unfavourable condition maximizing the yield and growth gap of crops compared with the optimal condition in both natural and cultivated environments. Rice is the world's most important staple food, and its production is limited the most by environmental unfavourable conditions. In this study, we investigated the pre-treatment of abscisic acid (ABA) on the tolerance of the IAC1131 rice genotype to multiple abiotic stress after a 4-day exposure to combined drought, salt and extreme temperature treatments. A total of 3285 proteins were identified and quantified across the four treatment groups, consisting of control and stressed plants with and without pre-treatment with ABA, with 1633 of those proteins found to be differentially abundant between groups. Compared with the control condition, pre-treatment with the ABA hormone significantly mitigated the leaf damage against combined abiotic stress at the proteome level. Furthermore, the application of exogenous ABA did not affect the proteome profile of the control plants remarkably, while the results were different in stress-exposed plants by a greater number of proteins changed in abundance, especially those which were increased. Taken together, these results suggest that exogenous ABA has a potential priming effect for enhancing the rice seedlings' tolerance against combined abiotic stress, mainly by affecting stress-responsive mechanisms dependent on ABA signalling pathways in plants.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Abscísico , Oryza , Ácido Abscísico/farmacología , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estrés Fisiológico/genética , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Plantas Modificadas Genéticamente/genética , Sequías
16.
Food Chem ; 426: 136603, 2023 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37329791

RESUMEN

Broccoli sprouts have a strong ability to accumulate isothiocyanate and selenium. In this study, the isothiocyanate content increased significantly as a result of ZnSO4 stress. Particularly, based on the isothiocyanate content is not affected, the combined ZnSO4 and Na2SeO3 treatment alleviated the inhibition of ZnSO4 and induced selenium content. Gene transcription and protein expression analyses revealed the changes in isothiocyanate and selenium metabolite levels in broccoli sprouts. ZnSO4 combined with Na2SeO3 was proven to activate a series of isothiocyanate metabolite genes (UGT74B1, OX1, and ST5b) and selenium metabolite genes (BoSultr1;1, BoCOQ5-2, and BoHMT1). The relative abundance of the total 317 and 203 proteins, respectively, in 4-day-old broccoli sprouts varied, and the metabolic and biosynthetic pathways for secondary metabolites were significantly enriched in ZnSO4/control and ZnSO4 combined Na2SeO3/ZnSO4 comparisons. The findings demonstrated how ZnSO4 combined with Na2SeO3 treatment reduced stress inhibition and the accumulation of encouraged selenium and isothiocyanates during the growth of broccoli sprouts.


Asunto(s)
Brassica , Selenio , Selenio/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Isotiocianatos/metabolismo , Azufre , Brassica/metabolismo , Glucosinolatos/metabolismo , Sulfóxidos/metabolismo
17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(18): 2818-2835, 2023 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37274067

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the main pathogen that causes a variety of upper digestive diseases. The drug resistance rate of H. pylori is increasingly higher, and the eradication rate is increasingly lower. The antimicrobial resistance of H. pylori is an urgent global problem. It has been confirmed that Banxia Xiexin decoction (BXXXT) demonstrates the effects of treating gastrointestinal diseases, inhibiting H. pylori and protecting gastric mucosa. The purpose of the present study is to further explore the therapeutic effects of BXXXT on drug-resistant H. pylori. AIM: To confirm that BXXXT demonstrates therapeutical effects in vivo and in vitro on gastritis mice with drug-resistant H. pylori and explain its mechanism to provide an experimental basis for promoting the application of BXXXT. METHODS: The aqueous extract of BXXXT was gained by water decocting method. The inhibitory effect of the aqueous extract on H. pylori was detected by dilution in vitro; drug-resistant H. pylori cells were used to build an acute gastritis model in vivo. Thereafter, the model mice were treated with the aqueous extract of BXXXT. The amount of H. pylori colonization, the repair of gastric mucosal damage, changes of inflammatory factors, apoptosis, etc., were assessed. In terms of mechanism exploration, the main medicinal compositions of BXXXT aqueous extract and the synergistic bacteriostatic effects they had demonstrated were analyzed using mass spectrometry; the immune function of peripheral blood cells such as CD3+ T and CD4+ T of mice with gastritis before and after treatment with BXXXT aqueous extract was detected using a flow cytometry; the H. pylori transcriptome and proteome after treatment with BXXXT aqueous extract were detected. Differently expressed genes were screened and verification was performed thereon with knockout expression. RESULTS: The minimum inhibitory concentration of BXXXT aqueous extract against H. pylori was 256-512 µg/mL. A dose of 28 mg/kg BXXXT aqueous extract treatment produced better therapeutical effects than the standard triple therapy did; the BXXXT aqueous extract have at least 11 ingredients inhibiting H. pylori, including berberine, quercetin, baicalin, luteolin, gallic acid, rosmarinic acid, aloe emodin, etc., of which berberine, aloe emodin, luteolin and gallic acid have a synergistic effect; BXXXT aqueous extract was found to stimulate the expressions of CD3+ T and CD4+ T and increase the number of CD4+ T/CD8+ T in gastritis mice; the detection of transcriptome and proteome, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and knockout verification revealed that the main targets of BXXXT aqueous extract are CFAs related to urea enzymes, and CagA, VacA, etc. CONCLUSION: BXXXT aqueous extract could demonstrate good therapeutic effects on drug-resistance H. pylori in vitro and in vivo and its mechanism comes down to the synergistic or additional antibacterial effects of berberine, emodin and luteolin, the main components of the extract; the extract could activate the immune function and enhance bactericidal effects; BXXXT aqueous extract, with main targets of BXXXT aqueous extract related to urease, virulence factors, etc., could reduce the urease and virulence of H. pylori, weaken its colonization, and reduce its inflammatory damage to the gastric mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Berberina , Gastritis , Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Ratones , Animales , Ureasa/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacología , Luteolina/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacología , Luteolina/uso terapéutico , Proteoma/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiología , Infecciones por Helicobacter/microbiología , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética
18.
Animal ; 17(6): 100822, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37196580

RESUMEN

Milk proteins are a source of bioactive molecules for calves and humans that may also reflect the physiology and metabolism of dairy cows. Dietary lipid supplements are classically used to modulate the lipid content and composition of bovine milk, with potential impacts on the nutrient's homeostasis and the systemic inflammation of cows that remains to be more explored. This study aimed at identifying discriminant proteins and their associated pathways in twelve Holstein cows (87 ± 7 days in milk), multiparous and non-pregnant, fed for 28 d a diet either, supplemented with 5% DM intake of corn oil and with 50% additional starch from wheat in the concentrate (COS, n = 6) chosen to induce a milk fat depression, or with 3% DM intake of hydrogenated palm oil (HPO, n = 6) known to increase milk fat content. Intake, milk yield and milk composition were measured. On d 27 of the experimental periods, milk and blood samples were collected and label-free quantitative proteomics was performed on proteins extracted from plasma, milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) and skimmed milk (SM). The proteomes from COS and HPO samples were composed of 98, 158 and 70 unique proteins, respectively, in plasma, MFGM and SM. Of these, the combination of a univariate and a multivariate partial least square discriminant analyses reveals that 15 proteins in plasma, 24 in MFGM and 14 in SM signed the differences between COS and HPO diets. The 15 plasma proteins were related to the immune system, acute-phase response, regulation of lipid transport and insulin sensitivity. The 24 MFGM proteins were related to the lipid biosynthetic process and secretion. The 14 SM proteins were linked mainly to immune response, inflammation and lipid transport. This study proposes discriminant milk and plasma proteomes, depending on diet-induced divergence in milk fat secretion, that are related to nutrient homeostasis, inflammation, immunity and lipid metabolism. The present results also suggest a higher state of inflammation with the COS diet.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Bovinos , Metabolismo de los Lípidos , Femenino , Humanos , Bovinos , Animales , Proteoma/metabolismo , Depresión , Ácidos Grasos/análisis , Dieta/veterinaria , Suplementos Dietéticos/análisis , Lactancia/fisiología , Proteínas de la Leche/metabolismo , Inflamación/veterinaria , Zea mays/metabolismo
19.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 38(10): 3347-3358, 2023 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37140712

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common disease with multiple pathogenic mechanisms. This study aimed to compare levels of metabolites and proteins between wet and dry nights in urine samples from children with monosymptomatic NE (MNE). METHODS: Ten boys with MNE and nocturnal polyuria (age: 7.6 ± 1.3 years) collected their total nighttime urine production during a wet and a dry night. Untargeted metabolomics and proteomics were performed on the urine samples by liquid chromatography coupled with high-mass accuracy tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). RESULTS: On wet nights, we found reduced urine osmolality (P = 0.025) and increased excretion of urinary potassium and sodium by a factor of, respectively, 2.1 (P = 0.038) and 1.9 (P = 0.19) compared with dry nights. LC-MS identified 59 metabolites and 84 proteins with significantly different levels between wet and dry nights (fold change (FC) < 0.67 or > 1.5, P < 0.05). Some compounds were validated by different methodologies. During wet nights, levels of compounds related to oxidative stress and blood pressure, including adrenalin, were increased. We found reduced levels of aquaporin-2 on wet nights. The FCs in the 59 metabolites were positively correlated to the FCs in the same metabolites identified in urine samples obtained during the evening preceding wet and dry nights. CONCLUSIONS: Oxidative stress, which in the literature has been associated with nocturia and disturbances in sleep, might be increased during wet nights in children with MNE. We further found evidence of increased sympathetic activity. The mechanisms related to having wet nights in children with MNE seem complex, and both free water and solute handling appear to be important. A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.


Asunto(s)
Nocturia , Enuresis Nocturna , Masculino , Humanos , Niño , Poliuria , Proteoma/metabolismo , Cromatografía Liquida , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Metaboloma , Desamino Arginina Vasopresina
20.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 3086, 2023 05 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37248224

RESUMEN

Retromer controls cellular homeostasis through regulating integral membrane protein sorting and transport and by controlling maturation of the endo-lysosomal network. Retromer dysfunction, which is linked to neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, manifests in complex cellular phenotypes, though the precise nature of this dysfunction, and its relation to neurodegeneration, remain unclear. Here, we perform an integrated multi-omics approach to provide precise insight into the impact of Retromer dysfunction on endo-lysosomal health and homeostasis within a human neuroglioma cell model. We quantify widespread changes to the lysosomal proteome, indicative of broad lysosomal dysfunction and inefficient autophagic lysosome reformation, coupled with a reconfigured cell surface proteome and secretome reflective of increased lysosomal exocytosis. Through this global proteomic approach and parallel transcriptomic analysis, we provide a holistic view of Retromer function in regulating lysosomal homeostasis and emphasise its role in neuroprotection.


Asunto(s)
Multiómica , Neuroprotección , Humanos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteómica , Endosomas/metabolismo , Transporte de Proteínas/fisiología , Lisosomas/metabolismo
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA