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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118123, 2024 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554854

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dendrobium, recognized as "Shihu" in traditional Chinese medicine, holds a rich history of medicinal utilization documented in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Ancient texts like "Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing" extol Dendrobium's virtues as a superior herbal medicine fortifying "Yin" and invigorating the five viscera. Dendrobium is extensively employed for the treatment of gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders, showcasing significant therapeutic efficacy, particularly against ulcerative colitis (UC), within the realm of Chinese ethnopharmacology. Dendrobium plays crucial pharmacological roles due to its rich content of polysaccharides, alkaloids, phenanthrenes, and bibenzyls. Gigantol, a prominent bibenzyl compound, stands out as one of the most vital active constituents within Dendrobium, the gigantol content of Dendrobium leaves can reach approximately 4.79 µg/g. Its significance lies in being recognized as a noteworthy anti-inflammatory compound derived from Dendrobium. AIM OF THE STUDY: Given the pivotal role of gigantol as a primary active substance in Dendrobium, the therapeutic potential of gigantol for gastrointestinal diseases remains enigmatic. Our present investigation aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of gigantol on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and reveal its potential mechanism in countering UC activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protective efficacy of gigantol against colitis was assessed by examining the histopathological changes and conducting biochemical analyses of colon from DSS-challenged mice. Assessments focused on gigantol's impact on improving the intestinal epithelial barrier and its anti-inflammatory effects in colonic tissues of colitis mice. Investigative techniques included the exploration of the macrophage inflammatory signaling pathway via qPCR and Western blot analyses. In vitro studies scrutinized macrophage adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis utilizing transwell and Zigmond chambers. Furthermore, F-actin and Rac1 activation assays detailed cellular cytoskeletal remodeling. The potential therapeutic target of gigantol was identified and validated through protein binding analysis, competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), and drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) assay. The binding sites between gigantol and its target were predicted via molecular docking. RESULTS: Gigantol ameliorated symptoms of DSS-induced colitis, rectified damage to the intestinal barrier, and suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in colonic tissues. Intriguingly, gigantol significantly curtailed NF-κB signaling activation in the colons of DSS-induced colitis mice. Notably, gigantol impaired the ß2 integrin-dependent adhesion and migratory capacity of RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, gigantol notably influenced the cytoskeleton remodeling of RAW264.7 cells by suppressing Vav1 phosphorylation and Rac1 activation. Mechanistically, gigantol interacted with ß2 integrin, subsequently diminishing binding affinity with intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these findings elucidate that gigantol ameliorates DSS-induced colitis by antagonizing ß2 integrin-mediated macrophage adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis, thus it may impede macrophage recruitment and infiltration into colonic tissues. This study suggests that gigantol shows promise as a viable candidate for clinical colitis therapy.


Asunto(s)
Bibencilos , Colitis Ulcerosa , Colitis , Guayacol/análogos & derivados , Ratones , Animales , Antígenos CD18/metabolismo , Antígenos CD18/uso terapéutico , Colon , Quimiotaxis , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Colitis/inducido químicamente , Colitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Colitis/patología , Colitis Ulcerosa/inducido químicamente , Colitis Ulcerosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Colitis Ulcerosa/patología , Bibencilos/farmacología , Antiinflamatorios/efectos adversos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextran/toxicidad , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , FN-kappa B/metabolismo
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 321: 117497, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38048893

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major global health concern characterized by pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling. Traditional Chinese medicine, such as Modified Jiawei Bushen Yiqi Formula (MBYF), has been used as a complementary therapy for COPD in China. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the therapeutic potential of MBYF in a rat model of COPD induced by cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and explore the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The COPD rat model was established through 24 weeks of CS exposure, with MBYF administration starting in the 9th week. Pulmonary function, histological analysis, inflammatory cell count and molecular assays were employed to assess the effects of MBYF on airway remodeling, pulmonary inflammation, neutrophils chemotaxis and the IL17 signaling pathway. RESULTS: MBYF treatment effectively delayed airway remodeling, as evidenced by improved pulmonary function parameters. Histological examination and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis revealed that MBYF mitigated CS-induced pulmonary inflammation by reducing inflammatory cell infiltration. Pharmacological network analysis suggested that MBYF may act through the IL17 signaling pathway to regulate inflammatory responses. RNA-sequencing and molecular assays indicated that MBYF inhibited neutrophils chemotaxis through downregulating the CXCL1/CXCL5/CXCL8-CXCR2 axis, and suppressed IL17A, IL17F and its downstream cytokines, including IL6, TNFα, IL1ß, and COX2. Furthermore, MBYF inhibited the activation of NF-κB and MAPKs in the IL17 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: MBYF exhibits potential as an adjunct or alternative treatment for COPD, effectively mitigating CS-induced pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling through the inhibition of neutrophil chemotaxis and IL17 signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Neumonía , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Ratas , Animales , Neutrófilos , Quimiotaxis , Remodelación de las Vías Aéreas (Respiratorias) , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/metabolismo , Pulmón , Neumonía/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Líquido del Lavado Bronquioalveolar
3.
J Periodontal Res ; 58(5): 948-958, 2023 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37409514

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of periodontal tissues that is closely connected with systemic diseases. During periodontitis, the inappropriate recruitment and activation of monocytes-macrophages causes an increase in osteoclast activity and disrupts bone homeostasis. Therefore, it is a promising therapeutic strategy to treat periodontitis by regulating the functions of monocytes-macrophages. Litcubanine A (LA) is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Litsea cubeba, which was proven to have reproducible anti-inflammatory effects, but its regulatory role on bone homeostasis in periodontitis is still not clear. METHODS: In this study, zebrafish experiments and a mouse ligature-induced periodontitis model were performed, and histological analysis was used to investigate the effect of LA on macrophage chemotaxis under the inflammatory environment. Real-time PCR was used to detect the regulatory effect of LA (100 nM ~ 100 µM) on the chemotaxis function of macrophages induced by LPS. Apoptosis assay and flow cytometry were used to elucidate the influence of LA on macrophage apoptosis and proliferation. To further clarify the regulatory role of LA on macrophage osteoclast differentiation, real-time PCR, histological analysis, western blot, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) were performed in vivo and in vitro to verify the impact of LA on bone homeostasis. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the chemotaxis function of macrophage was significantly attenuated by LA in vivo. LA could significantly inhibit the expression of genes encoding the chemokine receptors Ccr1 and Cxcr4, and its ligand chemokine Cxcl12 in macrophages, and suppresses the differentiation of osteoclastic precursors to osteoclasts through the MAPK signaling pathway. There were significantly lower osteoclast differentiation and bone loss in the LA group compared with the control in the ligature-induced periodontitis model. CONCLUSION: LA is a promising candidate for the treatment of periodontitis through its reproducible functions of inhibiting monocyte-macrophage chemotaxis and osteoclast differentiation.


Asunto(s)
Osteoclastos , Periodontitis , Ratones , Animales , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Monocitos , Quimiotaxis , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Pez Cebra , Periodontitis/metabolismo , Macrófagos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Diferenciación Celular
4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 263: 115277, 2023 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37499390

RESUMEN

Numerous antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and virulence factors (VFs) found in animal manure pose significant risks to human health. However, the effects of graphene sodium selenite (GSSe), a novel chemical nano-Selenium, and biological nano-Selenium (BNSSe), a new bioaugmentation nano-Se, on bacterial Se metabolism, chemotaxis, ARGs, and VFs in animal manure remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of GSSe and BNSSe on ARGs and VFs expression in broiler manure using high-throughput sequencing. Results showed that BNSSe reduced Se pressure during anaerobic fermentation by inhibiting bacterial selenocompound metabolism pathways, thereby lowering manure Selenium pollution. Additionally, the expression levels of ARGs and VFs were lower in the BNSSe group compared to the Sodium Selenite and GSSe groups, as BNSSe inhibited bacterial chemotaxis pathways. Co-occurrence network analysis identified ARGs and VFs within the following phyla Bacteroidetes (genera Butyricimonas, Odoribacter, Paraprevotella, and Rikenella), Firmicutes (genera Lactobacillus, Candidatus_Borkfalkia, Merdimonas, Oscillibacter, Intestinimonas, and Megamonas), and Proteobacteria (genera Desulfovibrio). The expression and abundance of ARGs and VFs genes were found to be associated with ARGs-VFs coexistence. Moreover, BNSSe disruption of bacterial selenocompound metabolism and chemotaxis pathways resulted in less frequent transfer of ARGs and VFs. These findings indicate that BNSSe can reduce ARGs and VFs expression in animal manure by suppressing bacterial selenocompound metabolism and chemotaxis pathways.


Asunto(s)
Selenio , Humanos , Animales , Selenio/farmacología , Estiércol/análisis , Genes Bacterianos , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Quimiotaxis/genética , Selenito de Sodio/farmacología , Pollos/genética , Bacterias , Farmacorresistencia Microbiana/genética , Bacteroidetes , Firmicutes
5.
Adv Mater ; 35(20): e2211626, 2023 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36905923

RESUMEN

Immune cells exhibit great potential as carriers of nanomedicine, attributed to their high tolerance to internalized nanomaterials and targeted accumulation in inflammatory tissues. However, the premature efflux of internalized nanomedicine during systemic delivery and slow infiltration into inflammatory tissues have limited their translational applications. Herein, a motorized cell platform as a nanomedicine carrier for highly efficient accumulation and infiltration in the inflammatory lungs and effective treatment of acute pneumonia are reported. ß-Cyclodextrin and adamantane respectively modified manganese dioxide nanoparticles are intracellularly self-assembled into large aggregates mediated via host-guest interactions, to effectively inhibit the efflux of nanoparticles, catalytically consume/deplete H2 O2 to alleviate inflammation, and generate O2 to propel macrophage movement for rapid tissue infiltration. With curcumin loaded into MnO2 nanoparticles, macrophages carry the intracellular nano-assemblies rapidly into the inflammatory lungs via chemotaxis-guided, self-propelled movement, for effective treatment of acute pneumonia via immunoregulation induced by curcumin and the aggregates.


Asunto(s)
Curcumina , Neumonía , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/uso terapéutico , Nanopartículas , Neumonía/tratamiento farmacológico , Quimiotaxis , Macrófagos
6.
Phytopathology ; 113(7): 1233-1243, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36774556

RESUMEN

Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea is an important pathogen of potato responsible for major losses in most potato growing regions of the world. Infection is initiated by biflagellated motile zoospores released from long-lived resting spores. Zoospore chemotaxis to the host plant root is widely believed to be stimulated by host root exudate compounds, although direct evidence is lacking. This study refined the traditional chemotaxis capillary assay, with which we provided the first empirical evidence of S. subterranea zoospore chemotaxis. Individual potato root exudate metabolites were either taxis neutral, inhibitory, or attractant to the zoospores. L-Glutamine was the strongest chemoattractant, while spermine was the most inhibitory. Zoospore motility and chemotaxis were constrained by strongly acidic or alkaline solutions of pH < 5.3 and >8.5, respectively. Beyond pH, ionic constituents of the test solution affected zoospore motility as Sorensen's phosphate buffer stalled zoospore motility, but HEPES buffer at the same concentration and pH had little or no negative motility effect. Zoospore motility, as characterized by several parameters, influenced chemotaxis. Among the parameters measured, total distance traveled was the best predictor of zoospore chemotaxis. The characterization of environmental and ecological effects on zoospore motility and chemotaxis highlights useful targets for S. subterranea disease control through manipulation of zoospore taxis or selection of host resistance traits.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de las Plantas , Solanum tuberosum , Quimiotaxis/fisiología , Esporas Protozoarias , Exudados y Transudados , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno
7.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 29(2): 97-103, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36302234

RESUMEN

Objective: Our study aimed to elucidate the correlation of macrophage (mø) with the inflammatory reaction in ulcerative colitis (UC) and the influence of curcumin (Cur) on mø chemotaxis in mice with UC. Methods: A total of 49 patients with UC (research group; RG) admitted between June 2020 and October 2021 and 56 healthy individuals (control group; CG) who visited concurrently were selected as the study participants. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were analyzed, and M1-type/M2-type mø and inflammatory factors (IFs) interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) were detected. In addition, 15 BALB/c mice were purchased and divided into the normal group fed normally, the UC model group established with sodium dextran sulfate (DSS) and the Cur group induced by DSS + Cur feeding. Colon tissue mø was collected from mice to measure mø activity via CCK-8 and to quantify levels of IFs and chemokine CCL2 by polymer chain reaction (PCR)c and Western blotting. Results: The RG had a higher percentage of peripheral blood M1-type mø and a lower percentage of M2-type mø and M1/M2 mø ratio than the CG (P < .05). In the RG, IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α all increased and were inversely correlated with the ratio of M1/M2 mø, while IL-10 and TGF-ß decreased, with a positive connection with the M1/M2 mø ratio. In the UC model mice, mø activity increased, but the apoptosis rate decreased. mø activity was lower in the Cur group than in the model and normal groups; mø apoptosis in the Cur group was higher than in the model group but lower than in the normal group. In addition, proIFs increased and anti-IFs decreased in the model group, and Cur also ameliorated this process. Finally, CCL2 and MCP-1 levels in the model group were also increased, while those in the Cur group were lower compared with the model group. Conclusion: In UC, the M1/M2 mø ratio is severely misadjusted, activation of M1-type mø is enhanced and pro-IFs are released in large quantities. Cur can ameliorate the abnormal activation of mø in mice with UC, inhibit mø chemotaxis and alleviate the inflammatory reaction, which may make it a new option for UC treatment in the future.


Asunto(s)
Colitis Ulcerosa , Curcumina , Animales , Ratones , Colitis Ulcerosa/inducido químicamente , Colitis Ulcerosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Colitis Ulcerosa/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/uso terapéutico , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leucocitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucocitos Mononucleares/patología , Quimiotaxis , Inflamación , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patología , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 12653, 2022 07 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35879323

RESUMEN

Gram-negative Sphingomonas sp. strain A1 exhibits positive chemotaxis toward acidic polysaccharide pectin. SPH1118 has been identified as a pectin-binding protein involved in both pectin chemotaxis and assimilation. Here we show tertiary structures of SPH1118 with six different conformations as determined by X-ray crystallography. SPH1118 consisted of two domains with a large cleft between the domains and substrates bound to positively charged and aromatic residues in the cleft through hydrogen bond and stacking interactions. Substrate-free SPH1118 adopted three different conformations in the open form. On the other hand, the two domains were closed in substrate-bound form and the domain closure ratio was changed in response to the substrate size, suggesting that the conformational change upon binding to the substrate triggered the expression of pectin chemotaxis and assimilation. This study first clarified that the solute-binding protein with dual functions recognized the substrate through flexible conformational changes in response to the substrate size.


Asunto(s)
Quimiotaxis , Sphingomonas , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Sitios de Unión , Proteínas Portadoras/metabolismo , Cristalografía por Rayos X , Modelos Moleculares , Pectinas/metabolismo , Conformación Proteica , Sphingomonas/metabolismo , Especificidad por Sustrato
9.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263124, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35192621

RESUMEN

Dickeya solani is a pathogen most frequently responsible for infecting potato plants in Europe. As in the case of most plant pathogens, its ability to colonize and invade the host depends on chemotaxis and motility. The coordinated movement of Dickeya over solid surfaces is governed by a quorum sensing mechanism. In D. solani motility is regulated by ExpI-ExpR proteins, homologous to luxI-luxR system from Vibrio fisheri, in which N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) serve as signaling molecules. Moreover, in many Gram-negative bacteria motility is coupled with central metabolism via carbon catabolite repression. This enables them to reach more nutrient-efficient niches. The aim of this study was to analyze the swarming motility of D. solani depending on the volume of the medium in the cultivation plate and glucose content. We show that the ability of this bacterium to move is strictly dependent on both these factors. Moreover, we analyze the production of AHLs and show that the quorum sensing mechanism in D. solani is also influenced by the availability of glucose in the medium and that the distribution of these signaling molecules are different depending on the volume of the medium in the plate.


Asunto(s)
Acil-Butirolactonas/farmacología , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Dickeya/efectos de los fármacos , Glucosa/farmacología , Solanum tuberosum/microbiología , Factores de Virulencia/genética , Acil-Butirolactonas/metabolismo , Proteínas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Quimiotaxis/efectos de los fármacos , Quimiotaxis/genética , Medios de Cultivo/química , Medios de Cultivo/farmacología , Dickeya/genética , Dickeya/metabolismo , Dickeya/patogenicidad , Regulación Bacteriana de la Expresión Génica , Glucosa/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología , Percepción de Quorum/efectos de los fármacos , Percepción de Quorum/genética , Proteínas Represoras/genética , Proteínas Represoras/metabolismo , Transactivadores/genética , Transactivadores/metabolismo , Factores de Virulencia/metabolismo
10.
Phytomedicine ; 96: 153907, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026517

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disabling/fatal disease characterized by progressive pulmonary function decline, and there are currently few drugs that can effectively reverse the decline in lung function; therefore, it is necessary to find novel drug targets. CD8+ T cells might be a new therapeutic target for alleviating lung tissue destruction and improving pulmonary function in COPD. The CXCL10/CXCR3 axis is a pivotal chemotactic axis involved in the abnormal infiltration of CD8+ T cells into the lung tissue of COPD; thus, inhibition of this axis might be a potential method to suppress CD8+ T cell-mediated lung tissue destruction in COPD. However, few drugs have been reported to target CD8+ T cells and the CXCL10/CXCR3 axis. Icaritin (ICT), one of the major components of Epimedii Folium, has been reported to have antioxidative effects in a COPD model in vitro. Whether ICT also has effects on CD8+ T cells and the CXCL10/CXCR3 axis in COPD has never been investigated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of ICT on CD8+ T cell chemotaxis and the CXCL10/CXCR3 axis in interferon (IFN)-γ + cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated THP-1-derived macrophages, which simulated the pulmonary microenvironment of COPD, and then to determine the mechanisms. METHODS: The effects of ICT on the expression and secretion of CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11 in THP-1-derived macrophages were measured by qRT-PCR and ELISA, and the effects of the supernatant of THP-1-derived macrophages treated with or without ICT on CD8+ T cell chemotaxis were also evaluated. Subsequently, the effects of ICT on the apoptosis and proliferation of CD8+ T cells were also assessed by EdU-488 assays and Annexin V/PI staining, respectively. Moreover, the mechanisms by which ICT inhibits the CXCL10/CXCR3 axis were investigated by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The present study showed that ICT (5 µM) significantly suppressed the expression and secretion of CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11 in THP-1-derived macrophages after stimulation with IFN-γ + CSE and indirectly inhibited CD8+ T cell chemotaxis by reducing the secretion of the above chemokines. In addition, this study found that ICT had no significant effect on the proliferation of CD8+ T cells, and neither led to apoptosis. The results of the RNA-seq analysis illustrated that the transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß signaling pathway was significantly downregulated after ICT intervention, and subsequent qRT-PCR and western blotting showed that ICT could significantly downregulate the TGF-ß-Smad2 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: ICT reduced CD8+ T cell chemotaxis by inhibiting the CXCL10/CXCR3 axis, and these effects might be achieved by suppressing the TGF-ß-Smad2 signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD8-positivos , Quimiotaxis , Quimiocina CXCL10 , Flavonoides , Receptores CXCR3 , Transducción de Señal , Fumar , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4201-4207, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467733

RESUMEN

The present study aims to investigate the effects of the main components(aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4) in the butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction(BAEB) on the chemotaxis of neutrophils induced by dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). HL60 cells were cultivated in RPMI-1640 complete medium, and transferred into a 6-well plate(2 × 10~5 per mL) with 4 mL in each well, followed by incubation with DMSO at 1.3% for five days. The morphologic changes of cells were observed under an inverted microscope. The CD11 b expression after DMSO induction was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effects of aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4 on the cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effects of the main components on the production and polarization of F-actin protein were also examined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway was checked by Western blot. As revealed by the results, neutrophil-like HL60 cells were observed after DMSO induction. The CD11 b expression in these cells increased significantly as indicated by the flow cytometry. Additionally, 100 µg·mL~(-1) aesculin, 8 µg·mL~(-1) berberine hydrochloride, and 80 µg·mL~(-1) anemoside B4 were potent in inhibiting the migration of neutrophils and reducing F-actin expression. Berberine hydrochloride was verified to be capable of diminishing phosphorylated PI3 K/Akt protein expression. The findings indicate that aesculin, anemoside B4, and especially berberine hydrochloride in the BAEB can inhibit the chemotaxis of neutrophils, which is possibly achieved by the inhibition of F-actin and PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Berberina , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , 1-Butanol , Berberina/farmacología , Quimiotaxis , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Neutrófilos
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(11): 1771-1789, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510303

RESUMEN

Understanding the role of chemotaxis in ecological interactions between plants and microbes in the rhizosphere is necessary to optimize biocontrol strategies targeting plant soil-borne diseases. Therefore, we examined and profiled the antagonistic endophytic bacteria (AEB) population with chemotaxis potential in the medicinal plant Panax notoginseng using a cheA gene-based approach coupled with 16S rRNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis of the chemotactic AEB (CAEB) community in P. notoginseng enabled the identification of 56 CAEB strains affiliated with 30 species of Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria; Firmicutes, especially Bacillus, were predominant. We then systematically quantified the chemotactic response profiles of CAEB toward five organic acid (OA) attractants: citric acid, fumaric acid (FA), malic acid, oxalic acid, and succinic acid. Further hierarchical cluster analysis revealed that the chemotaxis of CAEB to the same attractant exhibited different patterns among not only genera but also species and even strains of the same species. Following chemotaxis and hierarchical analysis, we selected the strongest chemoattractant, fumaric acid (FA), as the target for evaluating the effects of OAs on the representative CAEB strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum YP1. Application of FA significantly stimulated the chemotaxis ability and growth of YP1, and increased the transcript levels of cheA and biocontrol-related genes in YP1. This is the first study to characterise the diversity of chemotaxis profiles toward OAs in natural bacterial assemblages of P. notoginseng and to highlight how FA promotes the biocontrol-related traits of P. notoginseng-associated CAEB.


Asunto(s)
Endófitos , Panax notoginseng , Bacillus , Bacterias/genética , Quimiotaxis , Endófitos/genética , Filogenia , Raíces de Plantas , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética
13.
Food Funct ; 12(18): 8774-8786, 2021 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374387

RESUMEN

Polygonum multiflorum Thunb (PMT), as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been widely used in the prevention and treatment of aging-related diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis and inflammation. However, the effect of PMT on the lifespan and its molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Here we found that 60% ethanol refined fraction (PMT-E) of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb at 50 µg mL-1, which contained two main bioactive compounds, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-ß-D-glucoside (TSG) and emodin-8-O-ß-D-glucoside (EG), could significantly increase the mean lifespan by 19.82%, delay the age-related decline of phenotypes, enhance stress resistance and reduce ROS accumulation in Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, we also found that the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ) and ATP content of worms treated with 50 µg mL-1 PMT-E were obviously improved. Further mechanistic studies revealed that DAF-16, SIR-2.1 and SKN-1 transcription factors were required for PMT-E-mediated lifespan extension. Finally, we found that PMT-E could significantly inhibit the toxicity induced by ß-amyloid (Aß) in Aß transgenic worms. Altogether, these findings laid the foundation for the use of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb to treat aging and age-related diseases.


Asunto(s)
Caenorhabditis elegans/efectos de los fármacos , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Fallopia multiflora , Longevidad/efectos de los fármacos , Envejecimiento , Péptidos beta-Amiloides/genética , Péptidos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Animales , Animales Modificados Genéticamente , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiología , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Quimiotaxis , Proteínas de Unión al ADN/metabolismo , Factores de Transcripción Forkhead/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/metabolismo , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Modelos Animales , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Sirtuinas/metabolismo , Factores de Transcripción/metabolismo
14.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131381, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329147

RESUMEN

Biosurfactant producing bacterial strains were isolated from oil-contaminated sites at Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Chennai, the potential strain was selected and identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa TEN01 by 16 S rRNA sequencing technique. Biosurfactant was produced from cassava solid waste from the sago industry. Further, it was extracted by solvent extraction and partially purified by column chromatography. The partially purified biosurfactant was qualitatively analyzed by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), quantitatively analyzed by anthrone assay and characterized by Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Rf value and chemical groups confirm the presence of glycolipid in the partially purified biosurfactant. GC-MS results confirmed the presence of long-chain fatty acids and carbohydrate which is found to be mainly present in glycolipids. Biosurfactants are surface-active molecules which have been found to be the best alternative to chemical-based surfactants. The present study focuses on modifying the cell surface using a biosurfactant from P. aeruginosa TEN01 to enhance membrane permeabilization. Antibacterial and chemotaxis properties of biosurfactant from P. aeruginosa TEN01 were found to be better towards Xenorhabdus poinarii, a bio-pesticide producing microbial strain, X. poinarii exhibited 81.7% adhesion to hydrocarbons upon biosurfactant treatment as analyzed by Bacterial Adhesion to Hydrocarbon (BATH) assay. The alteration in the membrane permeability was tested in X. poinarii using biosurfactant and chemical surfactants viz. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and toluene by estimating the amount of intracellular protein released. High protein recovery (51.55%) was achieved with a biosurfactant. Cell viability in the biosurfactant-treated cells was also high (93.98%) in comparison to cells treated with chemical surfactants. Increased recovery of intracellular protein along with high cell viability makes the biosurfactant a potential candidate for application in numerous environmental fields.


Asunto(s)
Petróleo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Biodegradación Ambiental , Biomasa , Quimiotaxis , India , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Tensoactivos , Xenorhabdus
15.
J Leukoc Biol ; 110(3): 475-484, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184309

RESUMEN

Neutrophil plays a critical role in the progression of periodontitis. In general, its chemotaxis and activation are benefit for the host defense of bacterial infection and inflammation. However, previous studies have reported that the hyperactive and reactive neutrophils appear to be one of the reasons for tissue destruction in periodontitis tissues. In this study, we investigated an isoquinoline alkaloid Litcubanine A (LA), which from the Traditional Chinese medicinal plant, Litsea cubeba. We found LA showed significant activity in inhibiting neutrophils chemotaxis in the zebrafish yolk sac microinjection model in vivo and in mouse neutrophils in vitro. Further investigation proved that LA could inhibit the expression levels of neutrophil respiratory burst-related and inflammation-related genes CYBB and NCF2, as well as inhibit the activation of MAPK signaling pathway. Moreover, using LA, we successfully achieved the effect of reducing periodontitis bone loss by regulating neutrophil chemotaxis and related functions in a mouse ligature-induced periodontitis model.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/uso terapéutico , Quimiotaxis , Isoquinolinas/uso terapéutico , Neutrófilos/patología , Periodontitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Alcaloides/farmacología , Animales , Resorción Ósea/patología , Quimiotaxis/efectos de los fármacos , Regulación de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Isoquinolinas/farmacología , Sistema de Señalización de MAP Quinasas/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Microinyecciones , Infiltración Neutrófila/efectos de los fármacos , Neutrófilos/efectos de los fármacos , Periodontitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Periodontitis/patología , Receptores de Quimiocina/genética , Receptores de Quimiocina/metabolismo , Estallido Respiratorio/efectos de los fármacos , Saco Vitelino/efectos de los fármacos , Saco Vitelino/metabolismo , Pez Cebra
16.
Pol J Microbiol ; 70(1): 69-78, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815528

RESUMEN

The chemotactic properties of an oil-degrading Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain 6-1B, isolated from Daqing Oilfield, China, have been investigated. The strain 6-1B could grow well in crude oil with a specific rhamnolipid biosurfactant production. Furthermore, it exhibits chemotaxis toward various substrates, including glycine, glycerol, glucose, and sucrose. Compared with another oil-degrading strain, T7-2, the strain 6-1B presented a better chemotactic response towards crude oil and its vital component, n-alkenes. Based on the observed distribution of the strain 6-1B cells around the oil droplet in the chemotactic assays, the potential chemotaxis process of bacteria toward crude oil could be summarized in the following steps: searching, moving and consuming.


Asunto(s)
Quimiotaxis , Petróleo/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Biodegradación Ambiental , China , Petróleo/análisis , Petróleo/microbiología , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/clasificación , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crecimiento & desarrollo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/aislamiento & purificación , Tensoactivos/análisis , Tensoactivos/metabolismo
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113348, 2021 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896626

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The species Euphorbia umbellata (leitosinha) has been traditionally used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation the effect of E. umbellata latex extracts obtained with hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol on the activation of the complement pathways and neutrophil chemotaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The latex was partitioned using Soxhlet apparatus and hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol as solvents. The classical and alternative pathway activity were performed by hemolytic assays with sensitized sheep or rabbit erythrocytes, respectively; the lectin pathway activity was quantified by ELISA, through the measurement of C4 molecules and the chemotaxis of human neutrophils was performed using 1% casein as the chemotactic inducer and Boyden's chamber. GC-Q-ToF and NMR analyses were applied to evaluate the chemical composition of E. umbellata latex extracts. RESULTS: All E. umbellata latex extracts exhibited an inhibitory effect on the activation of the alternative pathway. Methanol and ethyl acetate extracts inhibited the classical pathway while chloroform extract activated this pathway. Ethyl acetate and hexane extracts inhibited lectin activation. All E. umbellata extracts inhibited casein-induced neutrophil chemotaxis. Terpenes and phenolic compounds have been suggested to be present in the E. umbellta latex extracts. CONCLUSION: The E. umbellata latex was able to modulate the functions of the immune system. Thus, it is possible to infer that the terpenes and phenolic compounds of the phytocomplex of E. umbellata latex can contribute for the activity on the complement pathways.


Asunto(s)
Activación de Complemento/efectos de los fármacos , Euphorbia/química , Neutrófilos/efectos de los fármacos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Animales , Quimiotaxis/efectos de los fármacos , Eritrocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Hemólisis/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Fenoles/aislamiento & purificación , Fenoles/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Conejos , Ovinos , Solventes/química , Terpenos/aislamiento & purificación , Terpenos/farmacología
18.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 22(8): 1122-1128, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023442

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Aloe vera has been reported as a topical antibiotic and healing agent for wounds, but advantages of oral administration and mechanisms of wound healing have not been reported. Present study focuses on the evaluation of effects of oral administration of Aloe vera for excisional cutaneous wounds in Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were inflicted with excisional wounds and were either treated with Aloe vera orally (Aloe vera) or kept untreated (wound). In contrast, healthy rats were kept as control group. Wound area was measured from day 7th to day 21st. Collagen content was estimated by hydroxyproline assay. Histology was analysed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Angiogenesis was observed by indirect ELISA for Insulin like Growth Factor (IGF-1) and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) protein from skin, serum and bone marrow. Chemotaxis was evaluated by RT-PCR analysis for Stromal cell-Derived Factor-1 (SDF-1) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR-4) from skin and bone marrow. RESULTS: Aloe vera healed wounds earlier than untreated rats with gradual improvement in wound areas and collagen content. Aloe vera also improved the expression of IGF-1 and VEGF in skin and bone marrow indicating an improvement in angiogenesis. RT- PCR analysis showed increased expression of genes for chemotaxis (SDF-1 and CXCR-4) in skin and bone marrow. CONCLUSION: Aloe vera improves healing by increasing collagen content, improving angiogenesis and chemotaxis.


Asunto(s)
Aloe , Neovascularización Fisiológica/efectos de los fármacos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos , Administración Oral , Animales , Quimiocina CXCL12/efectos de los fármacos , Quimiotaxis/efectos de los fármacos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Ratas Wistar , Receptores CXCR4/efectos de los fármacos , Piel/efectos de los fármacos , Somatomedinas/efectos de los fármacos , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/efectos de los fármacos , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Artículo en Chino | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888081

RESUMEN

The present study aims to investigate the effects of the main components(aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4) in the butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction(BAEB) on the chemotaxis of neutrophils induced by dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). HL60 cells were cultivated in RPMI-1640 complete medium, and transferred into a 6-well plate(2 × 10~5 per mL) with 4 mL in each well, followed by incubation with DMSO at 1.3% for five days. The morphologic changes of cells were observed under an inverted microscope. The CD11 b expression after DMSO induction was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effects of aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4 on the cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effects of the main components on the production and polarization of F-actin protein were also examined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway was checked by Western blot. As revealed by the results, neutrophil-like HL60 cells were observed after DMSO induction. The CD11 b expression in these cells increased significantly as indicated by the flow cytometry. Additionally, 100 μg·mL~(-1) aesculin, 8 μg·mL~(-1) berberine hydrochloride, and 80 μg·mL~(-1) anemoside B4 were potent in inhibiting the migration of neutrophils and reducing F-actin expression. Berberine hydrochloride was verified to be capable of diminishing phosphorylated PI3 K/Akt protein expression. The findings indicate that aesculin, anemoside B4, and especially berberine hydrochloride in the BAEB can inhibit the chemotaxis of neutrophils, which is possibly achieved by the inhibition of F-actin and PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
1-Butanol , Berberina/farmacología , Quimiotaxis , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Neutrófilos
20.
Front Immunol ; 11: 598727, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33329593

RESUMEN

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), in which T-cell migration into the CNS is key for pathogenesis. Patients with MS exhibit impaired regulatory T cell populations, and both Foxp3+ Tregs and type I regulatory T cells (Tr1) are dysfunctional. MS is a multifactorial disease and vitamin D deficiency is associated with disease. Herein, we examined the impact of 1,25(OH)2D3 on CD4+ T cells coactivated by either CD28 to induce polyclonal activation or by the complement regulator CD46 to promote Tr1 differentiation. Addition of 1,25(OH)2D3 led to a differential expression of adhesion molecules on CD28- and CD46-costimulated T cells isolated from both healthy donors or from patients with MS. 1,25(OH)2D3 favored Tr1 motility though a Vitamin D-CD46 crosstalk highlighted by increased VDR expression as well as increased CYP24A1 and miR-9 in CD46-costimulated T cells. Furthermore, analysis of CD46 expression on T cells from a cohort of patients with MS supplemented by vitamin D showed a negative correlation with the levels of circulating vitamin D. Moreover, t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE) analysis allowed the visualization and identification of clusters increased by vitamin D supplementation, but not by placebo, that exhibited similar adhesion phenotype to what was observed in vitro. Overall, our data show a crosstalk between vitamin D and CD46 that allows a preferential effect of Vitamin D on Tr1 cells, providing novel key insights into the role of an important modifiable environmental factor in MS.


Asunto(s)
Proteína Cofactora de Membrana/metabolismo , Esclerosis Múltiple/etiología , Esclerosis Múltiple/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Linfocitos T/inmunología , Linfocitos T/metabolismo , Vitamina D/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Quimiotaxis/efectos de los fármacos , Quimiotaxis/inmunología , Suplementos Dietéticos , Femenino , Humanos , Activación de Linfocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Activación de Linfocitos/inmunología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos Biológicos , Esclerosis Múltiple/patología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Subgrupos de Linfocitos T/efectos de los fármacos , Subgrupos de Linfocitos T/inmunología , Subgrupos de Linfocitos T/metabolismo , Vitamina D/farmacología
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