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1.
J Fam Psychol ; 38(1): 71-81, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37695328

RESUMEN

To disentangle the effects of key dimensions of dispositional mindfulness on parenting, the present study tests the hypotheses that parental Nonreactivity moderates the association between Observing and effective parenting behaviors, and that parental inhibitory control mediates the relationship between Observing and parenting depending on levels of Nonreactivity. The sample consists of 294 fathers (95.9% deployed) and 313 mothers (81.5% nondeployed) from 336 military families with a child aged between 4 and 13 years at baseline. Parents reported Observing and Nonreactivity at baseline using the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and completed a computerized Go/No-Go task for assessing inhibitory control at baseline and 1-year follow-up. Families completed a series of in-home interaction tasks at baseline and 2-year follow-up, and effective parenting behaviors were observed and coded using a theory-driven, empirically validated coding system. Results showed that when fathers reported low Nonreactivity, the association between Observing and effective parenting behaviors 2 years later was negative, but this association became positive when fathers reported high Nonreactivity. Fathers' Observing was associated with decreased inhibitory control 1 year later when they reported low (vs. high) Nonreactivity, whereas mothers' Observing was associated with increased inhibitory control 1 year later when they reported high (vs. low) Nonreactivity. The hypothesized effect of inhibitory control as a mediator was not found. Understanding specificity in the effects of dispositional mindfulness dimensions on parenting behaviors will drive effective and efficient designs of mindful parenting interventions. Future research should use dismantling experimental designs to test the synergistic effects of Observing and Nonreactivity in parents. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Atención Plena , Responsabilidad Parental , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Padres , Masculino , Despliegue Militar/estadística & datos numéricos
2.
Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol ; 52(1): 65-77, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37466747

RESUMEN

Previous longitudinal studies have documented bidirectional associations between parental psychological control and children's externalizing problems over months or years. However, most studies have only examined these associations at the between-family level, and there is a lack of intensive longitudinal data (ILD) on psychological control and children's externalizing problems. Thus, this daily diary study examined the bidirectional associations between parental psychological control and externalizing problems among Chinese children. Further, we explored whether between-family mindful parenting linked to the mean levels and daily fluctuations of parental psychological control and children's externalizing problems. The sample included 71 parents of children between 7 to 13 years old (50.7% male; Mage = 9.92, SD = 1.46). Our findings indicate that at the within-family level, higher parental psychological control than usual predicted increases in externalizing problems among children reported by parents the next day, but not vice versa. Furthermore, between-family mindful parenting was negatively associated with the mean levels of psychological control and children's externalizing problems, as well as with fewer fluctuations of parental psychological control. This study contributes to the understanding of the within-family associations between parental psychological control and children's externalizing problems on a daily basis. Finally, we discuss implications for prevention and intervention programs targeting negative parenting and child externalizing problems.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , China , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Padres , Pueblos del Este de Asia
3.
J Fam Psychol ; 38(1): 59-70, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38032655

RESUMEN

Adolescence is a unique developmental period marked with significant changes and challenges. As such, maintaining optimal psychological adjustment is crucial for young people, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic when their adjustment became more challenging. Self-control is a vital ability assisting individuals to navigate difficulties and stay well-adjusted during turbulent times. While the associations between adolescent self-control and adjustment have been well-documented, parental self-control has been considered to play a more fundamental role in adolescent adjustment. However, this consideration has received scant research. Drawing on the intergenerational transmission model of self-regulation, we examined an understudied yet plausible idea that parental self-control facilitates adolescent adjustment through parents' lower levels of perceived stress/better mindful parenting and adolescents' improved self-control. A two-wave survey study, spanning 1 year apart, was conducted among 426 Chinese adolescents (Mage = 11.6 years, 53.5% boys) and their parents. Parents rated their self-control, perceived stress, and mindful parenting at T1, while adolescents rated their self-control and adjustment (i.e., psychological difficulties and life satisfaction) at T1 and T2. The results of chain mediation model showed that after controlling for demographic covariates and baseline levels of adolescent self-control and adjustment, T1 paternal self-control facilitated T2 adolescent adjustment through fathers' lower levels of perceived stress and adolescents' improved self-control. By contrast, T1 maternal self-control facilitated T2 adolescent adjustment through mothers' better mindful parenting and adolescents' improved self-control. These findings advance our understanding of how self-control is transmitted from parents to offspring and clarify the processes of how parental self-control facilitates adolescent adjustment. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Autocontrol , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Adolescente , Niño , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Ajuste Emocional , Pandemias , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Padres/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Madres/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/etiología
4.
BMJ Open ; 13(10): e079407, 2023 10 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37848299

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Preschoolers and school-aged children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at higher risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with the general population. To this day, no randomised controlled trial (RCT) aiming to improve attention has been conducted in young children with CHD. There is emerging evidence indicating that parent-child yoga interventions improve attention and reduce ADHD symptoms in both typically developing and clinical populations. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-blind, two-centre, two-arm trial during which 24 children with CHD and their parents will be randomly assigned to (1) a parent-child yoga intervention in addition to standard clinical care or (2) standard clinical care alone. All participants will undergo standardised assessments: (1) at baseline, (2) immediately post-treatment and (3) 6 months post-treatment. Descriptive statistics will be used to estimate the feasibility and neurodevelopmental outcomes. This feasibility study will evaluate: (1) recruitment capacity; (2) retention, drop-out and withdrawal rates during the yoga programme and at the 6-month follow-up; (3) adherence to the intervention; (4) acceptability of the randomisation process by families; (5) heterogeneity in the delivery of the intervention between instructors and use of home-based exercises between participants; (6) proportion of missing data in the neurodevelopmental assessments and (7) SD of primary outcomes of the full RCT in order to determine the future appropriate sample size. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained by the Research Ethics Board of the Sainte-Justine University Hospital. The findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals and conferences and presented to the Canadian paediatric grand round meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05997680.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Cardiopatías Congénitas , Yoga , Humanos , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Factibilidad , Canadá , Cardiopatías Congénitas/complicaciones , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
5.
Neuroscience ; 530: 38-45, 2023 10 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37657749

RESUMEN

Social interactions between parents and children are closely linked with children's development, and interbrain synchrony has been shown to be a neural marker of social interaction. However, to truly capture the essence of social interactions through interbrain synchrony, it is necessary to simultaneously discuss the parental and child brains and adequately record neurological signals during parent-child interactions in interactive tasks. In the current review, we have reviewed three main contents. First, we discuss the correlation between parent-child interbrain synchrony and the development of cognitive (e.g., emotion regulation, attention, and learning) and behavioral abilities (e.g., cooperation, problem-solving) in children. Second, we examine the different neural mechanisms of interbrain synchrony in mother-child and father-child interactions, aiming to highlight the separate roles of mother and father in child development. Last, we have integrated four methods to enhance interbrain synchrony, including communication patterns, nonverbal behavior, music, and multichannel stimulation. A significant correlation exists between parent-child interbrain synchrony and the development of children's cognitive and behavioral abilities. This summary may be useful for expanding researchers' and practitioners' understanding of the ways in which parenting and the parent-child relationship shape children' cognitive and behavioral abilities.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Tálamo
6.
PLoS One ; 18(8): e0289503, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37590277

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The majority of children referred to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in the UK will present with mixed emotional and behavioural difficulties, but most mental health treatments are developed for single disorders. There is a need for research on treatments that are helpful for these mixed difficulties, especially for school-age children. Emotion Regulation (ER) difficulties present across a wide range of mental health disorders and mentalizing may help with regulation. The ability to mentalize one's own experiences and those of others plays a key role in coping with stress, regulation of emotions, and the formation of stable relationships. Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT) is a well-evidenced therapy that aims to promote mentalization, which in turn increases ER capacities, leading to decreased emotional and behavioural difficulties. The aim of this study is to test the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of MBT compared to treatment as usual for school age children with emotional and behavioural difficulties. If effective, we hope this approach can become available to the growing number of children presenting to mental health services with a mix of emotional and behavioural difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children referred to CAMHS aged 6-12 with mixed mental health problems (emotional and behavioural) as primary problem can take part with their parent/carers. Children will be randomly allocated to receive either MBT or treatment as usual (TAU) within the CAMHS clinic they have been referred to. MBT will be 6-8 sessions offered fortnightly and can flexibly include different family members. TAU is likely to include CBT, parenting groups, and/or children's social skills groups. Parent/carers and children will be asked to complete outcome assessments (questionnaires and tasks) online at the start of treatment, mid treatment (8 weeks), end of treatment (16 weeks) and at follow up (40 weeks). TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration: ISRCTN 11620914.


Asunto(s)
Regulación Emocional , Mentalización , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Terapia Basada en la Mentalización , Análisis de Costo-Efectividad , Emociones , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
7.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 23(1): 231, 2023 Jul 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37434181

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Individual Shantala Infant Massage is an intervention that is offered by several Dutch Preventive Child Healthcare (PCH) organizations as optional preventive support, in addition to basic care as offered to all children. It targets vulnerable families and aims to enhance sensitive parenting and to reduce (effects of) parental stress. The intervention is carried out by a certified nurse. It consists of three structured home visits. Parents learn to massage their infant and receive parenting support. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and the process of the intervention. The main hypothesis is that Individual Shantala Infant Massage leads to increased parental sensitive responsiveness, lower perceived and physiological parental stress, and improved child growth and development in the intervention group, compared to a control group where this intervention is not offered by PCH. Secondary research questions address effects on parenting confidence and parental concerns regarding the infant, the influence of background characteristics and the intervention process. METHODS: The study is a quasi-experimental non-randomized trial. The aim is to include 150 infant-parent dyads in both the intervention and the control group. This takes into account possible attrition and missing data as 105 dyads with complete data per group are sufficient for analysis. All participants complete questionnaires at T0 (pre-test, child age between six-sixteen weeks), T1 (post-intervention, or ± four weeks after T0), and T2 (follow-up at five months). At T2, a hair tuft is cut from the parents' head to measure hair cortisol levels. Data on infant growth and development is obtained from PCH files. In the intervention group, additional data is collected to evaluate the intervention process: parents complete an evaluation questionnaire at T1, nurses keep semi-structured logbooks of intervention sessions and interviews are conducted with parents and professionals. DISCUSSION: Study results can contribute to the evidence base of infant massage as applied in Dutch PCH, and can inform parents, PCH practitioners, policy makers and researchers both inside and outside the Netherlands on feasibility and effectiveness of the infant massage intervention as applied in this format and setting. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry: ISRCTN16929184. Date (retrospectively) registered: 29/03/2022.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Padres , Humanos , Lactante , Atención a la Salud , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Estudios Retrospectivos
8.
Cuestiones infanc ; 24(1): 14-31, May 24, 2023.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442547

RESUMEN

¿Cómo nos puede ayudar el método de la interpretación de los sueños a entender los elementos arcaicos presentes en el juego del niño de 0 a 4 años, en un dispositivo clínico inspirado en la Maison Verte creada por Françoise Dolto? En este artículo describiremos las similitudes entre el sueño y el juego del niño, particularmente con respecto al trabajo del sueño. Propondremos que los mismos mecanismos del sueño están presentes en el juego del niño como parte de un contenido manifiesto. Enseguida propondremos que es posible interpretar el contenido latente del juego trasponiendo el método de la interpretación de los sueños gracias a la información aportada por los padres que acompañen al niño. Para explicar esta técnica, examinaremos el ejemplo de juego de unos niños, tomado de un Lugar de Acogida de Niños y Padres que se adhiere a los principios de la Maison Verte AU


Comment la méthode d'interprétation des rêves peut-elle nous aider à comprendre les éléments archaïques présents dans le jeu des enfants de 0 à 4 ans, dans un dispositif clinique inspiré de la Maison Verte créée par Françoise Dolto? Dans cet article, nousdécrirons les similitudes entre le rêve et le jeu de l'enfant, notamment en ce qui concerne le travail du rêve. Nous proposerons que les mêmes mécanismes oniriques sont présents dans le jeu de l'enfant dans le cadre d'un contenu manifeste. Ensuite, nous proposerons qu'il est possible d'interpréter le contenu latent de ce jeu en transposant la méthode d'interprétation des rêves grâce aux informations fournies par les parents accompagnan l'enfant. Pour expliquercette technique, nous examinerons un exemple de jeu d'enfants, tiré d'un Lieu d'Accueil pour Enfants et Parents qui adhère aux principes de la Maison Verte AU


How can the dream interpretation method help us to understand the archaic elements present in the play of children from 0 to 4 years old, in a clinical device inspired by the Maison Verte project created by Françoise Dolto? In this article we will describethe similarities between the child's dream and play, particularly regarding to dream-work. We will propose that the same dream mechanisms are present in the child's play as part of a manifest content. Then we will propose that it is possible to interpret the latent content of this play by transposing the dream interpretation method thanks to the information provided by the parents. To explain this technique, we will examine an example of children's play, taken from a Dolto's Maison Verte Project AU


Como o método da interpretação dos sonhos pode nos ajudar a compreender os elementos arcaicos presentes nas brincadeiras das crianças de 0 a 4 anos, em um dispositivo clínico inspirado na Maison Verte criada por Françoise Dolto? Neste artigo, descreveremos as semelhanças entre o sonho e a brincadeira da criança, principalmente no que diz respeito ao trabalho onírico. Proporemos que os mesmos mecanismos oníricos estão presentes na brincadeira da criança como parte de um conteúdo manifesto. Imediatamente propomos que é possível interpretar o conteúdo latente desta brincadeira transpondo o método de interpretação dos sonhos graças às informações fornecidas pelos pais. Para explicar est técnica examinaremos um exemplo de brincadeira infantil, retirado de um Local de Acolhimento para Crianças e Pais que segue os princípios da Maison Verte AU


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Lactante , Preescolar , Juego e Implementos de Juego/psicología , Terapia Psicoanalítica , Sueños/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Ludoterapia , Cuidados Intermitentes/métodos
9.
J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ ; 28(3): 300-310, 2023 06 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36971391

RESUMEN

Attachment and resilience are crucial in parent-child interaction. In this study, we investigated the effect of a mindful parenting program on the attachment of deaf children and the resilience of their hearing mothers. The present study was a semi-randomized controlled trial design. Thirty mothers with deaf children were randomly selected from Deaf School in Tehran, Iran. They were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups. The intervention group participated in an eight-session mindful parenting program, while the control group did not participate in this program. Both groups completed the Kinship Center Attachment Questionnaire and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale before and after the intervention. The data were analyzed using the repeated measures analysis of variance test. The results showed that the intervention significantly and positively influenced the attachment of deaf children and resilience in their mothers in the post-test, and the persistence of this effect was maintained in the follow-up stage (p < .001). This study suggests that mindful parenting can promote attachment of deaf children and resilience in their mothers. In addition, the mothers attested to the social validity of the program.


Asunto(s)
Madres , Responsabilidad Parental , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 71: 6-13, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36947897

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the Parent-Child Sandplay Therapy (PCST) Program on autism behaviors, social responsiveness and sleep quality among preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their mothers' parenting stress. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled, parallel-group trial was employed. Fifty-two child-mother dyads were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 26) or a control group (n = 26) from February 2017 to February 2019. The intervention group was treated with a 20-week PCST Program plus an Applied Behavior Analysis-based program (ABA-based program), whereas the control group received only the ABA-based program. Outcome measures included the Autism Behavior Checklist total scores, Social Responsiveness Scale scores, Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire scores, and Parenting Stress Index-Short Form scores, measured at baseline, post-intervention (20 weeks after baseline) and follow-up assessments (32 weeks after baseline). RESULTS: Finally, 43 dyads completed the study. The linear mixed model analysis resulted in a significant group*time interaction effect of ABC score (Est = 2.027, t = 3.277; p < 0.01), SRS score (Est = 3.377, t = 6.095; p < 0.01), PSI-SF score (Est = 3.873, t = 4.253, p < 0.01), and CSHQ score (Est = 3.158, t = 6.485; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that the PCST Program could potentially improve social interaction and sleep quality of preschool children with ASD while decreasing parenting stress. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The PCST Program was found to be a feasible and a promising treatment for children with mild-to-moderate ASD as well as for their parents. It was a nurse-led program, which could be integrated into the usual nursing care of children with autism spectrum disorder in special education schools. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trials Registry, ChiCTR2100047699.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Madres , Femenino , Humanos , Preescolar , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Ludoterapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36901101

RESUMEN

Chinese immigrants are a fast-growing population group in many parts of the world. Childhood obesity is increasingly a public health problem among Chinese living outside mainland China. Evidence suggests that parenting feeding styles and practices critically influence children's eating behaviors and risk of being overweight or obese. Therefore, the objectives of this review were to identify and synthesize the evidence from studies examining the associations between parenting feeding styles, feeding practices, and risk of overweight and obesity among children of Chinese parents outside mainland China. A systematic search of four electronic databases (CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed) was conducted to identify peer-reviewed studies published in English between January 2000 and March 2022. Fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Findings of some of the reviewed studies showed that parenting feeding styles and practices varied according to children's age, gender, weight, and parents' acculturation levels. The two most identified parenting feeding styles were indulgent and authoritarian. Parents classified as having indulgent and/or authoritarian feeding styles reported using several feeding practices with unintended detrimental effects, such as pressuring children to eat and restricting or controlling child food intake (type and amount). Some of these feeding practices were associated with an increased risk of child overweight. The findings of this review provide important information that can inform the design interventions to address modifiable nonresponisve parental feeding practices such as pressuring, restricting, and controlling that meet the specific needs of Chinese parents and children outside mainland China.


Asunto(s)
Sobrepeso , Responsabilidad Parental , Obesidad Infantil , Niño , Humanos , Índice de Masa Corporal , Pueblos del Este de Asia , Conducta Alimentaria , Sobrepeso/epidemiología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Obesidad Infantil/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 53(5): 1873-1883, 2023 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089435

RESUMEN

Parental emotion regulation plays a vital role in the parent-child relationship. This study examines the mediating role of mindful parenting in the relationship between parental emotion regulation difficulties and problem behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study was conducted with 273 parents of children with ASD in Istanbul. The study findings revealed a significant yet negative correlation between mindful parenting and emotion regulation difficulty and problem behaviors. The study model highlighted that emotion regulation difficulties significantly predicted mindful parenting and the child's problem behavior, whereas mindful parenting significantly predicted the child's problem behavior. Additionally, the study findings indicated that mindful parenting was a partial mediator.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Regulación Emocional , Problema de Conducta , Humanos , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Padres/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
13.
Dev Psychopathol ; 35(3): 1036-1050, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649640

RESUMEN

Despite findings demonstrating the importance of parental present-centered awareness, factors undermining mindful parenting have received less attention. Increasingly, evidence points to parental psychopathology as a salient risk factor for parenting difficulties. Thus, the goal of the present study was to investigate specific dimensions of parental trauma-related distress and general negative affectivity during pregnancy as predictors of mindful parenting during toddler age. Parental psychopathology, parent-infant bonding, and mindful parenting were assessed in a sample of heterosexual couples (N = 159) across four waves of data collection spanning pregnancy to child age two. Data were analyzed using path analysis within a dyadic framework. Results demonstrated the unique impact of maternal trauma-related distress during pregnancy (e.g., intrusions and avoidance) on facets of mindful parenting more than two years later. Further, among both mothers and fathers, general negative affectivity common across internalizing disorders undermined mindful parenting through impaired parent-infant bonding. Findings highlight the need for early intervention efforts that incorporate mindfulness strategies to reduce subthreshold symptoms of prenatal psychopathology, promote healthy bonding, and improve parental awareness and self-regulation, thereby enhancing the overall parent-child relationship.


Asunto(s)
Atención Plena , Responsabilidad Parental , Femenino , Humanos , Preescolar , Lactante , Padres , Madres , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
14.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

RESUMEN

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Atención Prenatal , Embarazo de Alto Riesgo , Intervención Psicosocial , Cardiopatías Congénitas , Ansiedad , Orientación , Dolor , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres , Paternidad , Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Pacientes , Pediatría , Placenta , Placentación , Complicaciones del Embarazo , Mantenimiento del Embarazo , Pronóstico , Teoría Psicoanalítica , Psicología , Trastornos Puerperales , Calidad de Vida , Radiación , Religión , Reproducción , Fenómenos Fisiológicos Reproductivos y Urinarios , Cirugía General , Síndrome , Anomalías Congénitas , Templanza , Terapéutica , Sistema Urogenital , Bioética , Consultorios Médicos , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Trabajo de Parto , Embarazo , Preñez , Resultado del Embarazo , Adaptación Psicológica , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Ecocardiografía , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Familia , Aborto Espontáneo , Crianza del Niño , Protección a la Infancia , Salud Mental , Salud de la Familia , Tasa de Supervivencia , Esperanza de Vida , Causas de Muerte , Ultrasonografía Prenatal , Mapeo Cromosómico , Permiso Parental , Competencia Mental , Riñón Poliquístico Autosómico Recesivo , Síndrome de Down , Atención Perinatal , Atención Integral de Salud , Compuestos Químicos , Depresión Posparto , Manifestaciones Neuroconductuales , Niños con Discapacidad , Técnicas y Procedimientos Diagnósticos , Número de Embarazos , Intervención en la Crisis (Psiquiatría) , Afecto , Análisis Citogenético , Espiritualidad , Complicidad , Valor de la Vida , Parto Humanizado , Muerte , Toma de Decisiones , Mecanismos de Defensa , Amenaza de Aborto , Atención a la Salud , Demencia , Incertidumbre , Organogénesis , Investigación Cualitativa , Mujeres Embarazadas , Diagnóstico Precoz , Nacimiento Prematuro , Medida de Translucencia Nucal , Mortalidad del Niño , Depresión , Trastorno Depresivo , Periodo Posparto , Diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Obstétrico y Ginecológico , Etanol , Ego , Emociones , Empatía , Ambiente , Humanización de la Atención , Acogimiento , Ética Profesional , Forma del Núcleo Celular , Nutrición Prenatal , Medición de Longitud Cervical , Conflicto Familiar , Terapia Familiar , Resiliencia Psicológica , Fenómenos Fisiológicos Reproductivos , Enfermedades Urogenitales Femeninas y Complicaciones del Embarazo , Saco Gestacional , Evento Inexplicable, Breve y Resuelto , Muerte Fetal , Desarrollo Embrionario y Fetal , Imagen Multimodal , Mortalidad Prematura , Toma de Decisiones Clínicas , Medicina de Urgencia Pediátrica , Niño Acogido , Libertad , Agotamiento Psicológico , Entorno del Parto , Frustación , Tristeza , Respeto , Distrés Psicológico , Genética , Bienestar Psicológico , Obstetras , Culpa , Felicidad , Empleos en Salud , Hospitalización , Maternidades , Hospitales Universitarios , Desarrollo Humano , Derechos Humanos , Imaginación , Infecciones , Infertilidad , Anencefalia , Jurisprudencia , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto , Concesión de Licencias , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Cuidados para Prolongación de la Vida , Soledad , Amor , Cuerpo Médico de Hospitales , Discapacidad Intelectual , Principios Morales , Madres , Narcisismo , Enfermedades y Anomalías Neonatales Congénitas y Hereditarias , Neonatología , Malformaciones del Sistema Nervioso , Apego a Objetos
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e241608, 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448958

RESUMEN

O distanciamento social ocasionado pela pandemia de Covid-19 levou a profundas mudanças na rotina das famílias com crianças pequenas, aumentando o estresse no ambiente doméstico. Este estudo analisou a experiência de planejamento e implementação de um projeto de extensão universitária que ofereceu orientação a pais com filhos de 0 a 11 anos por meio de chamadas de áudio durante a pandemia. O protocolo de atendimento foi desenvolvido para atender às necessidades de famílias de baixa renda e listava problemas específicos relacionados ao confinamento em casa e ao fechamento das escolas seguidos por uma variedade de estratégias de enfrentamento. A análise de 223 queixas relatadas pelos usuários em 130 ligações revelou que 94% dos problemas referidos pelos pais foram contemplados pelo protocolo de atendimento e estavam relacionados aos problemas externalizantes (39%) ou internalizantes (26%) das crianças ou ao declínio do bem-estar subjetivo dos pais (29%). Serviços de apoio devem orientar os pais quanto ao uso de práticas responsivas e assertivas que promovam o bem-estar emocional da criança e estabeleçam expectativas comportamentais em contextos estressantes. A diminuição dos conflitos entre pais e filhos resultante do uso dessas estratégias tende a reduzir o sofrimento dos pais, aumentando sua sensação de bem-estar subjetivo. Recomenda-se ampla divulgação dessas iniciativas e seguimento dos casos.(AU)


The social distancing the COVID-19 pandemic entailed has led to profound changes in the routine of families with young children, increasing stress in the home environment. This study analyzed the experience of planning and implementing a university extension program that offered support to parents with children from 0 to 11 years old via audio calls during the COVID-19 pandemic. The service protocol was developed to meet the needs of low-income families and listed specific problems related to home confinement and school closure followed by a variety of coping strategies. The analysis of 223 complaints reported by users in 130 calls revealed that 94% of the problems reported by parents were addressed by the protocol and were related to children's externalizing (39%) or internalizing (26%) problems or to the decline in parents' subjective well-being (29%). Support services should guide parents on the use of responsive and assertive practices that promote the child's emotional well-being and set behavioral expectations in stressful contexts. The reduction in conflicts between parents and children resulting from the use of these strategies tends to reduce parents' suffering, increasing their sense of subjective well-being. Wide dissemination of these initiatives and case follow-up are recommended.(AU)


La distancia social causada por la pandemia de COVID-19 condujo a cambios profundos en la rutina de las familias con niños pequeños, aumentando el estrés en el entorno del hogar. Este estudio analizó la experiencia de planificar e implementar un proyecto de extensión universitaria que ofreció orientación a los padres con niños de cero a 11 años a través de llamadas de audio durante la pandemia COVID-19. El protocolo de atención se desarrolló para satisfacer las necesidades de las familias de bajos ingresos y enumeró problemas específicos relacionados con el confinamiento en el hogar y el cierre de la escuela, seguido de una variedad de estrategias de afrontamiento. El análisis de 223 quejas informadas por los usuarios en 130 llamadas reveló que el 94% de los problemas informados por los padres fueron abordados por el protocolo de atención y estaban relacionados con los problemas de externalización (39%) o internalización (26%) de los niños o la disminución del bienestar subjetivo de los padres (29%). Los servicios de apoyo deberían aconsejar a los padres sobre el uso de prácticas receptivas y asertivas que promuevan el bienestar emocional del niño y establezcan expectativas de comportamiento en contextos estresantes. La reducción de los conflictos entre padres e hijos como resultado del uso de estas estrategias tiende a reducir el sufrimiento de los padres, aumentando su sensación de bienestar subjetivo. Se recomienda una amplia difusión de estas iniciativas y seguimiento de casos.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Orientación , Padres , Satisfacción Personal , Niño , Problema de Conducta , COVID-19 , Ansiedad , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Apetito , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Solución de Problemas , Psicología , Agitación Psicomotora , Calidad de Vida , Lectura , Recreación , Educación Compensatoria , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Seguridad , Salarios y Beneficios , Servicios de Salud Escolar , Autoimagen , Trastorno Autístico , Sueño , Ajuste Social , Condiciones Sociales , Conformidad Social , Medio Social , Aislamiento Social , Problemas Sociales , Socialización , Factores Socioeconómicos , Análisis y Desempeño de Tareas , Teléfono , Temperamento , Terapéutica , Tiempo , Desempleo , Violencia , Terapia Conductista , Horas de Trabajo , Políticas, Planificación y Administración en Salud , Abuso Sexual Infantil , Tedio , Neurociencias , Virosis , Actividades Cotidianas , Aflicción , Ejercicio Físico , Divorcio , Maltrato a los Niños , Desarrollo Infantil , Salud Mental , Vacunación Masiva , Terapia por Relajación , Inmunización , Conducta Autodestructiva , Derechos Civiles , Responsabilidad Parental , Trastorno de Pánico , Entrevista , Cognición , Violencia Doméstica , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa , Clase , Niños con Discapacidad , Ingenio y Humor , Internet , Creatividad , Intervención en la Crisis (Psiquiatría) , Llanto , Vulnerabilidad ante Desastres , Impacto Psicosocial , Autonomía Personal , Muerte , Amigos , Agresión , Depresión , Impulso (Psicología) , Economía , Educación Especial , Escolaridad , Emociones , Empatía , Docentes , Conflicto Familiar , Relaciones Familiares , Miedo , Consumo Excesivo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Comidas , Reinserción al Trabajo , Esperanza , Optimismo , Pesimismo , Autocontrol , Fobia Social , Sistemas de Apoyo Psicosocial , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia , Tiempo de Pantalla , Asco , Tristeza , Solidaridad , Distrés Psicológico , Intervención Psicosocial , Teletrabajo , Estrés Financiero , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Análisis de Sentimientos , Factores Sociodemográficos , Vulnerabilidad Social , Apoyo Familiar , Gobierno , Culpa , Salud Holística , Homeostasis , Hospitalización , Tareas del Hogar , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Ira , Aprendizaje , Discapacidades para el Aprendizaje , Actividades Recreativas , Soledad , Trastornos Mentales
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e251630, 2023. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448947

RESUMEN

Este estudo qualitativo teve como objetivo compreender, a partir da teoria de bioecológica de desenvolvimento, as implicações da prática profissional no processo de acolhimento de crianças em uma casa-abrigo, na perspectiva de cuidadoras. As participantes foram 10 profissionais de uma casa-abrigo localizada na região sul do Brasil. Utilizou-se a entrevista semiestruturada e a organização e análise dos dados sustentou-se na Grounded Theory, com auxílio do software Atlas.ti 8.4.14. Os resultados evidenciaram uma centralização das ações de acolhimento e atenção em torno dos cuidados físicos das crianças. As ações para promover suporte e cuidados emocionais dentro da casa-abrigo eram delegadas às profissionais da equipe técnica da instituição. Observou-se que as dificuldades encontradas pelas cuidadoras diziam respeito à falta de segurança e preparação para responder e acolher as demandas emocionais das crianças, as quais estão presentes em diversos momentos do processo de acolhimento. Percebeu-se que as práticas institucionais afetaram decisivamente tanto as ações de acolhimento das participantes e o suporte emocional oferecido às crianças na passagem pela casa-abrigo quanto as cuidadoras, no sentido de vivenciarem no trabalho sentimentos de insegurança. Os resultados tensionam ecologicamente a interação nos processos proximais presentes no desenvolvimento humano. Advoga-se pela reflexão sobre as implicações das práticas institucionais de uma casa-abrigo e o desenvolvimento infantil, visando o cuidado integral dos acolhidos.(AU)


Based on the developmental bioecological theory, this study analyzes the implications of professional practice in children's user embracement at a shelter from the caregivers' perspective. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 professionals from a shelter located in southern Brazil. Data organization and analysis was performed based on Grounded Theory using the Atlas.ti 8.4.14 software. Results showed that embracement and attention focus on the physical care of children. Support and emotional care activities were delegated to the institution's technical team. Caregivers faced difficulties regarding the lack of security and preparation to respond to and accept the children's emotional demands, which arise at different moments in the embracement process. The institutional practices decisively affected both user embracement actions and the emotional support offered to the children, as well as the caregivers, in the sense of experiencing feelings of insecurity. These findings ecologically tension the interaction in the proximal processes present in human development. Further reflections on the implications of institutional shelter-based practices for child development are needed to provide comprehensive care.(AU)


Este estudio cualitativo tuvo como objetivo comprender, desde la perspectiva de la teoría bioecológica del desarrollo, las implicaciones de la práctica profesional en el proceso de acogida de niños en una institución infantil desde la perspectiva de las cuidadoras. Las participantes fueron 10 profesionales de una institución de acogida infantil ubicada en la región Sur de Brasil. Se utilizó la entrevista semiestructurada, y para la organización y análisis de datos se aplicó Grounded Theory, con el uso del software Atlas.ti 8.4.14. Los resultados mostraron que las acciones de recepción y atención se centran en el cuidado físico de los niños. Las acciones de promoción de apoyo y cuidado emocional dentro del alojamiento se asignaron a los profesionales del equipo técnico de la institución. Se observó que las dificultades encontradas por las cuidadoras estaban relacionadas con la falta de seguridad y preparación para responder y aceptar las demandas emocionales de los niños, las cuales se encuentran presentes en diferentes momentos del proceso de acogida. Se notó que las prácticas institucionales afectaron decisivamente tanto las acciones de acogida de las participantes como el apoyo emocional que la institución brinda a los niños durante su paso, así como a las cuidadoras en el sentido de experimentar sentimientos de inseguridad en el trabajo. Estos resultados tensan ecológicamente la interacción en los procesos proximales presentes en el desarrollo humano. Se aboga por reflexionar sobre las implicaciones de las prácticas institucionales en los alojamientos institucionales y el desarrollo infantil, apuntando a la atención integral de los acogidos.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Práctica Profesional , Niño , Cuidadores , Ecología , Acogimiento , Desarrollo Humano , Dolor , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Conducta Paterna , Privación Paterna , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Pobreza , Psicología , Psicología Social , Seguridad , Atención , Relaciones entre Hermanos , Sueño , Ajuste Social , Cambio Social , Condiciones Sociales , Medio Social , Justicia Social , Problemas Sociales , Apoyo Social , Sociología , Deportes , Violencia , Síndrome del Niño Maltratado , Mujeres , Trabajo Infantil , Adopción , Divorcio , Familia , Niño Abandonado , Maltrato a los Niños , Defensa del Niño , Desarrollo Infantil , Niño Institucionalizado , Crianza del Niño , Niño no Deseado , Protección a la Infancia , Características de la Residencia , Composición Familiar , Salud , Higiene , Hijo de Padres Discapacitados , Responsabilidad Legal , Hambre , Desórdenes Civiles , Responsabilidad Parental , Entrevista , Violencia Doméstica , Diversidad Cultural , Vida , Víctimas de Crimen , Trastornos Relacionados con Alcohol , Afecto , Cultura , Autonomía Personal , Instrucciones , Mecanismos de Defensa , Hijos Adultos , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático , Investigación Cualitativa , Amigos , Menores , Desarrollo del Adolescente , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Dieta , Alcoholismo , Empatía , Salud del Niño Institucionalizado , Conflicto Familiar , Relaciones Familiares , Consumidores de Drogas , Trastornos Químicamente Inducidos , Personas Esclavizadas , Teoría Fundamentada , Abuelos , Trauma Psicológico , Niño Adoptado , Niño Acogido , Libertad , Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia , Separación Familiar , Distrés Psicológico , Derecho a la Salud , Abuso Emocional , Libertad de Religión , Interacción Social , Factores Sociodemográficos , Vulnerabilidad Social , Ciudadanía , Apoyo Familiar , Tareas del Hogar , Derechos Humanos , Individualidad , Institucionalización , Celos , Actividades Recreativas , Soledad , Amor , Mala Praxis , Privación Materna , Trastornos Mentales , Motivación , Apego a Objetos
17.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253659, 2023.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448943

RESUMEN

Partindo da pergunta "Como tem sido ser mulher e mãe em tempos de pandemia?", o presente estudo convidou mulheres que são mães, em redes sociais virtuais, a partilhar um relato de suas experiências com a readaptação parental em função do distanciamento social causado pela pandemia de covid-19. O objetivo foi refletir sobre a experiência de ser mulher e mãe em tempos de covid-19 e distanciamento social, apontando algumas ressonâncias do cenário pandêmico na subjetividade dessas mulheres. O estudo teve como base o referencial psicanalítico, tanto na construção da pesquisa e análise dos relatos quanto na sua discussão. A análise dos cerca de 340 relatos coletados, os quais variaram de uma breve frase a longos parágrafos, apontou para uma série de questionamentos, pontos de análise e reflexões. A pandemia, e o decorrente distanciamento social, parece ter colocado uma lente de aumento sobre as angústias das mulheres que são mães, evidenciando sentimentos e sofrimentos sempre presentes. Destacaram-se, nos relatos, a sobrecarga das mulheres com as tarefas de cuidado dos filhos e da casa, a culpa, a solidão, a exaustão, e o sentimento de que não havia espaço nesse contexto para "ser mulher", sendo isso entendido especialmente a questões estéticas e de vaidade.(AU)


Starting from the question "How does it feel to be a woman and a mother in pandemic times?", this study invited women who are mothers, in virtual social networks, to share their experiences regarding parental adaptations due to social distancing caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to reflect on the experience of being a woman and a mother in the context of COVID-19 and of social distancing, pointing out some resonances of the pandemic scenario in the subjectivity of these women. The study was based on the psychoanalytical framework, both in the construction of the research and analysis of the reports and in their discussion. The analysis of about 340 collected reports, which ranged from a brief sentence to long paragraphs, pointed to a series of questions, analysis topics, and reflections. The pandemic, and the resulting social distancing, seems to have placed a magnifying glass over the anguish of women who are mothers, showing ever-present feelings and suffering. The reports highlighted women's overload with child and house care tasks, the guilt, loneliness, exhaustion, and the feeling that there was no space in this context to "be a woman," and it extends to aesthetic and vanity related questions especially.(AU)


A partir de la pregunta "¿cómo te sientes siendo mujer y madre en tiempos de pandemia?", este estudio invitó por las redes sociales a mujeres que son madres a compartir un relato de sus experiencias sobre la readaptación parental en función del distanciamiento social causado por la pandemia del covid-19. Su objetivo fue reflexionar sobre la experiencia de ser mujer y madre en tiempos del covid-19 y el distanciamiento social, señalando algunas resonancias del escenario pandémico en la subjetividad de estas mujeres. Este estudio se basó en el marco psicoanalítico, tanto en la construcción de la investigación y análisis de los informes como en su discusión. El análisis de los casi 340 relatos, que variaron de una pequeña frase a largos párrafos, generó en las investigadoras una serie de cuestionamientos y reflexiones. La pandemia y el consecuente distanciamiento social parece haber agrandado las angustias de las mujeres que son madres, evidenciando sentimientos y sufrimientos siempre presentes. En los relatos destacan la sobrecarga de las mujeres con las tareas de cuidado de los hijos y del hogar, la culpa, la soledad, el cansancio, así como el sentimiento de que no hay espacio em este contexto para "ser mujer", relacionado principalmente a cuestiones estéticas y de vanidad.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Psicoanálisis , Mujeres , Responsabilidad Parental , Pandemias , COVID-19 , Ansiedad , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Conducta Paterna , Paternidad , Atención Prenatal , Psicología , Psicología Social , Relajación , Autocuidado , Autoimagen , Ajuste Social , Responsabilidad Social , Socialización , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estereotipo , Estrés Fisiológico , Estrés Psicológico , Derechos de la Mujer , Horas de Trabajo , Imagen Corporal , Agotamiento Profesional , Actividades Cotidianas , Embarazo , Adaptación Biológica , Familia , Matrimonio , Niño , Desarrollo Infantil , Crianza del Niño , Cuarentena , Higiene , Salud Mental , Salud de la Familia , Inmunización , Caracteres Sexuales , Precauciones Universales , Empleos Subvencionados , Costo de Enfermedad , Confusión , Feminismo , Autoeficacia , Afecto , Cultura , Parto , Depresión , Periodo Posparto , Escolaridad , Ego , Empleo , Miedo , Feminidad , Sexismo , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Fragilidad , Estrés Laboral , Androcentrismo , Libertad , Autoabandono , Frustación , Insatisfacción Corporal , Distrés Psicológico , Comparación Social , Teletrabajo , Distanciamiento Físico , Equidad de Género , Apoyo Familiar , Estructura Familiar , Culpa , Promoción de la Salud , Tareas del Hogar , Identificación Psicológica , Crisis de Identidad , Renta , Individualismo , Ira , Actividades Recreativas , Soledad , Amor , Conducta Materna , Bienestar Materno , Madres
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248137, 2023. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431128

RESUMEN

Objetivamos apresentar uma proposta de atendimento psicossocial grupal oferecida para mulheres adultas que cometeram ofensa sexual, cuidadoras e mães. A experiência está sendo desenvolvida no Distrito Federal, Brasil, com pessoas do gênero feminino provenientes de encaminhamento judicial. Carece que os profissionais das áreas da justiça, saúde, serviço social e psicologia avancem no estudo e na compreensão desta temática, de modo a pensarem a atuação e o apoio terapêutico a essas mulheres. O modo de atendimento é focal e breve, com ênfase na criação de um ambiente lúdico como facilitador das interações grupais e da discussão sobre os temas: identidade; confiança nas relações afetivas e sociais; vivência pessoal com violência física e sexual; configuração de gênero; e expressão da sexualidade e futuro. A abordagem individual também se baseia no enfoque dos temas mencionados. O oferecimento de ajuda à mulher cuidadora ou à mãe tem participação ativa na interrupção do circuito abusivo sexual, pois essa violência é extremamente ocultada, ocasionando uma prolongada vulnerabilidade para as vítimas. Ressalta-se o valor do texto indicando a descrição de ação voltada para uma população permanentemente não estudada e evitada em seu reconhecimento. Os limites desta proposta encontram-se na falta de outras iniciativas que possibilitem uma discussão sobre essa experiência.(AU)


We aim to present a proposal of a group psychosocial intervention offered for adult female sexual offenders, caregivers, and mothers. The intervention is being developed at Federal District, Brazil, with female people coming from judicial referrals. Professionals in the areas of justice, health, social work, and psychology need to advance in the study and understanding this theme to think about action and therapeutic support for these women. The intervention is a focal and brief approach, with emphasis on the creation of a ludic environment as a facilitator of group interactions and discussion about the themes: identity; trust in affective and social relationships; personal experience with physical and sexual violence; gender configuration; and sexuality expression and future. The individual approach is also based on focusing on these themes. The offering of help to the female caregiver or the mother has an active participation in the interruption of the sexual offense circuit, since this violence is extremely hidden, bringing a prolonged condition of vulnerability to the victims. The value of this text is highlighted indicating the description of an action directed to a population that is permanently not studied and whose recognition is avoided. The limits of this proposal are found in the absence of other initiatives that would allow a discussion about this experience.(AU)


Este texto presenta una propuesta de atención psicosocial grupal destinada a mujeres adultas que han cometido delito sexual, a cuidadoras y madres. La intervención se está desarrollando en el Distrito Federal (Brasil), con personas del género femenino provenientes de remisiones judiciales. Es necesario que los profesionales de las áreas de justicia, salud, trabajo social y psicología avancen en el estudio y comprensión de esta temática para pensar en el desempeño y apoyo terapéutico de estas mujeres. El servicio es enfocado y breve, con énfasis en la creación de un ambiente lúdico como facilitador de interacciones grupales y discusión sobre los temas: identidad; confianza en las relaciones afectivas y sociales; experiencia personal con violencia física y sexual; configuración de género; y expresión de la sexualidad y el futuro. El enfoque individual también se centra en estos temas. La oferta de ayuda a la mujer cuidadora o a la madre es importante para la interrupción del circuito de abuso sexual, ya que esta violencia es extremadamente oculta y provoca una vulnerabilidad prolongada a las víctimas. Se destaca el valor del texto con la descripción de la acción dirigida a una población que no es objeto de estudios ni reconocida. Los límites de esta propuesta se encuentran en la ausencia de otras iniciativas que permitan un debate sobre esta experiencia.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven , Delitos Sexuales , Identidad de Género , Intervención Psicosocial , Ansiedad , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Pedofilia , Percepción , Arteterapia , Prejuicio , Trabajo Sexual , Psicología , Psicopatología , Política Pública , Calidad de Vida , Violación , Rechazo en Psicología , Seguridad , Educación Sexual , Vergüenza , Medio Social , Justicia Social , Problemas Sociales , Factores Socioeconómicos , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Tabú , Tortura , Síndrome del Niño Maltratado , Organización Mundial de la Salud , Abuso Sexual Infantil , Brasil , Enfermedades Virales de Transmisión Sexual , Familia , Maltrato a los Niños , Defensa del Niño , Protección a la Infancia , Responsabilidad Legal , Salud de la Mujer , Responsabilidad Parental , Acoso Sexual , Coerción , Violencia Doméstica , Conflicto Psicológico , Anticoncepción , Víctimas de Crimen , Estadística , Crimen , Amenazas , Conducta Peligrosa , Negación en Psicología , Confianza , Agresión , Sexología , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Depresión , Miedo , Criminales , Salud Sexual , Trata de Personas , Conducta Criminal , Abuso Físico , Reincidencia , Derechos de los Prisioneros , Androcentrismo , Libertad , Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia , Respeto , Abuso Emocional , Evitación de Información , Privación Social , Bienestar Psicológico , Manejo Psicológico , Odio , Promoción de la Salud , Derechos Humanos , Incesto , Infecciones , Inhibición Psicológica , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Soledad , Amor , Decepción , Mala Praxis , Masturbación , Narcisismo
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255496, 2023.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529211

RESUMEN

O presente artigo tem como objetivo apresentar a construção metodológica desenvolvida em uma pesquisa de mestrado, na qual sustentamos a escrita de cenas como método de pesquisa da escuta clínica. As cenas do trabalho em questão foram recolhidas ao longo do tempo, no contorno da experiência de um projeto de extensão universitária de atenção à infância e adolescência em situação de vulnerabilidade social, situado em uma comunidade periférica. Apresentamos, neste texto, as interrogações que se elaboraram em torno da escolha pelo trabalho com cenas, e compartilhamos o resgate histórico dessas como um método de escrever a clínica, bem como a retomada de sua análise a partir da tradição psicanalítica. Amparadas nesta teoria e em leituras e contribuições do filósofo francês Jacques Derrida, embasamos a noção de que a cena se constitui como um lugar de produção, ao engendrar a configuração particular de elementos significantes nos processos de subjetivação e de construção social. A cena não é, então, compreendida aqui como uma representação do que acontece na clínica, mas como um modo de produzir a escuta e os seus processos de investigação.(AU)


This article aims to present the methodological construction developed in a master's research, in which the writing of scenes as a method of clinical listening research was endorsed. The scenes from the study in question were collected over time, from the experience gained in a project conducted within a university extension program on care in childhood and adolescence in social vulnerability, in a peripheral community. In this study, we present some questions that were elaborated surrounding the choices of working with scenes; and we share the historical rescue of this work as a method of writing on clinic practices and resuming their analysis from the psychoanalytic tradition. Based on the psychoanalytic theory and on the readings and contributions of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, we corroborate the notion that the scene is constituted as a place of production, engendering the particular configuration of significant elements in the processes of subjectivation and social construction. Here, the scene is not a representation of clinical practice but one mode of producing listening and its research processes.(AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar la construcción metodológica desarrollada en una investigación de maestría, en la que sostenemos la escritura de escenas como método de investigación de la escucha clínica. Las escenas del trabajo en cuestión se recogieron a lo largo del tiempo desde la experiencia en un proyecto de extensión universitario de atención a la niñez y adolescencia en situación de vulnerabilidad social aplicado en una comunidad periférica. En este texto, presentamos los interrogantes que se elaboraron en torno a la elección por el trabajo con escenas y compartimos el rescate histórico de las mismas como un método de escribir la clínica y la reanudación del análisis a partir de la tradición psicoanalítica. Amparadas en el psicoanálisis y en lecturas y contribuciones del filósofo francés Jacques Derrida, nos basaremos en la noción de que la escena se constituye como un lugar de producción, engendrando la configuración particular de elementos significantes en los procesos de subjetivación y de construcción social. La escena no es aquí una representación de lo que pasa en la clínica, sino un modo de producir escucha y sus procesos de investigación.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Preescolar , Psicoanálisis , Niño , Protección a la Infancia , Equipos y Suministros , Metodología como un Tema , Comidas , Vulnerabilidad Social , Parapsicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres , Paternidad , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Ludoterapia , Pobreza , Fenómenos Psicológicos , Teoría Psicológica , Psicología , Psicología Clínica , Terapia de la Realidad , Chivo Expiatorio , Instituciones Académicas , Relaciones entre Hermanos , Clase Social , Aislamiento Social , Justicia Social , Responsabilidad Social , Apoyo Social , Servicio Social , Habla , Superego , Inconsciente en Psicología , Conducta , Áreas de Pobreza , Uso de Residuos Sólidos , Niño Abandonado , Maltrato a los Niños , Defensa del Niño , Cuidado del Niño , Desarrollo Infantil , Discapacidades del Desarrollo , Características de la Residencia , Higiene , Salud Infantil , Responsabilidad Legal , Adolescente , Responsabilidad Parental , Prácticas Clínicas , Atención Integral de Salud , Estado de Conciencia , Vida , Crimen , Intervención en la Crisis (Psiquiatría) , Afecto , Cultura , Narración , Pañales Infantiles , Sujetos de Investigación , Agresión , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Sueños , Educación , Ego , Empleo , Mercado de Trabajo , Ética , Nutrición del Niño , Acoso Escolar , Marginación Social , Niño Acogido , Privilegio Social , Libertad , Teoría Freudiana , Estatus Económico , Respeto , Reglas de Decisión Clínica , Inclusión Social , Inestabilidad de Vivienda , Estatus Socioeconómico Bajo , Historia , Derechos Humanos , Id , Lateralidad Funcional , Amor , Memoria , Memoria a Corto Plazo , Moral , Nombres
20.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 252, 2022 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333742

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: General mental health and interpersonal skills of families are crucial to children's development and future. Research suggests a link between participation in music activities and individuals' own sense of mental health, as well as an effect in objective measures of health such as quality of life, social skills, and rehabilitation of various kinds. However, in Denmark there are not many services for families with school-aged children (7-12 years) that focus on prevention and strengthening family interaction hereby minimising the risk of children not thriving and developing optimally in terms of social and emotional skills and competences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of shared music activities on family interaction, parental stress, and child well-being. METHODS: The study is a controlled effect study where 40 family dyads from Aalborg and Aarhus are randomized into 4 different groups including music therapy activities, community music, family concerts and a control group. Measurements of family interaction (Assessment of Parent Child Interaction, APCI) and mental health (Parental Stress Scale, PSS, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ) will be made at baseline/pre intervention, at post intervention and a follow-up measurement 12 month after baseline (month 1, 3 and 12) 3 times in total. Furthermore, data about the family dyad's regular participation in music events as part of every-day life at the same measure points (month 1, 3 and 12). Since this is a planned prospective study, results are not yet available, but clinical experience from a feasibility study in 2021 were promising and expected challenges and changes are discussed in the article. DISCUSSION: Findings of this study will be relevant for all fields where music is applied for families, such as education, mental health, social work and for basic research on the study of music and interaction. Music used as a resource for families is crucial in understanding how different modalities can influence the family interaction including emotional communication and attachment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN, ISRCTN17290015, Registered 03 March 2022, https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN17290015 DATE AND PROTOCOL VERSION: July 2022, version 1. Protocol is planned to be updated after finalized recruitment during second data collection point and again after the third and last data collection point (see Additional file 1: SPIRIT Checklist).


Asunto(s)
Musicoterapia , Música , Niño , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Prospectivos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Musicoterapia/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
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