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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 434-446, 2024 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608638

RESUMEN

Bacterial infections are among the most significant causes of death in humans. Chronic misuse or uncontrolled use of antibiotics promotes the emergence of multidrug-resistant superbugs that threaten public health through the food chain and cause environmental pollution. Based on the above considerations, copper selenide nanosheets (CuSe NSs) with photothermal therapy (PTT)- and photodynamic therapy (PDT)-related properties have been fabricated. These CuSe NSs possess enhanced PDT-related properties and can convert O2 into highly toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can cause significant oxidative stress and damage to bacteria. In addition, CuSe NSs can efficiently consume glutathione (GSH) at bacterial infection sites, thus further enhancing their sterilization efficacy. In vitro antibacterial experiments with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation have shown that CuSe NSs have excellent photothermal bactericidal properties. These experiments also showed that CuSe NSs exerted excellent bactericidal effects on wounds infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and significantly promoted the healing of infected wounds. Because of their superior biological safety, CuSe NSs are novel copper-based antimicrobial agents that are expected to enter clinical trials, serving as a modern approach to the major problem of treating bacterially infected wounds.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Cobre , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Nanoestructuras , Terapia Fototérmica , Cobre/química , Cobre/farmacología , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antibacterianos/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Nanoestructuras/química , Ratones , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Humanos , Propiedades de Superficie , Tamaño de la Partícula , Selenio/química , Selenio/farmacología , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana/efectos de los fármacos , Infecciones Estafilocócicas/tratamiento farmacológico
2.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611698

RESUMEN

Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharide-nano-selenium (ASPS-SENPS) and A. selenopanax selenized polysaccharides (Se-ASPS) were synthesized, and their characterization and biological properties were compared. The acid extraction method was used to extract the polysaccharides of A. selenopanax, followed by decolorization using the hydrogen peroxide method and deproteinization based on the Sevage method, and the purification of A. senticosus polysaccharides (ASPS) was carried out using the cellulose DEAE-52 ion column layer analysis method. An A. senticosus polysaccharide-nano-selenium complex was synthesized by a chemical reduction method using ASPS as dispersants. The selenization of polysaccharides from A. selenopanax was carried out using the HNO3-Na2SeO3 method. The chemical compositions, scanning electron microscopy images, infrared spectra, and antioxidant properties of ASPS-SENPS and Se-ASPS were studied, and they were also subjected to thermogravimetric analysis. The results indicated that the optimal conditions for the synthesis of ASPS-SENPS include the following: when ASPS accounts for 10%, the ratio of ascorbic acid and sodium selenium should be 4:1, the response time should be 4 h, and the reaction temperature should be 50 °C. The most favorable conditions for the synthesis of Se-ASPS were as follows: m (Na2SeO3):m (ASPS) = 4:5, response temperature = 50 °C, and response time = 11.0 h. In the in vitro antioxidant assay, when the mass concentration of Se-ASPS and ASPS-SENPS was 5 mg/mL, the removal rates for DPPH free radicals were 88.44 ± 2.83% and 98.89 ± 3.57%, respectively, and the removal rates for ABTS free radicals were 90.11 ± 3.43% and 98.99 ± 1.73%, respectively, stronger than those for ASPS. The current study compares the physiological and bioactivity effects of ASPS-SENPS and Se-ASPS, providing a basis for future studies on polysaccharides.


Asunto(s)
Eleutherococcus , Selenio , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Polisacáridos/farmacología , Peróxido de Hidrógeno
3.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612965

RESUMEN

The lipid accumulation product (LAP) is a reliable marker of metabolic syndrome, which includes conditions like obesity. However, the correlation between the circulating selenium (CSe) concentration and the LAP is currently unclear. This study aimed to ascertain this correlation. Overall, 12,815 adults aged ≥20 years were enrolled in this study. After adjusting for all the confounding variables, CSe was positively correlated to the LAP (ß = 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.28, 0.54; p < 0.001). Compared with the lowest quartile of CSe, the highest quartile of CSe was positively related to the LAP (ß = 0.16; 95% CI: 0.12, 0.21; p < 0.001). Moreover, the correlation between CSe and the LAP revealed a positive non-linear trend. In the subgroup analysis, interaction effects were observed for age, sex, smoking, and stroke (p for interaction < 0.05). The effects were stronger for males (ß = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.47, 0.80; p < 0.001) and individuals who smoke at the time of the trial (ß = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.37, 0.91; p < 0.001). In conclusion, our results indicated that CSe was positively correlated with the LAP in a non-linear manner. Future research is warranted to explore their relationship and better understand the mechanisms underlying this association.


Asunto(s)
Producto de la Acumulación de Lípidos , Síndrome Metabólico , Selenio , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Síndrome Metabólico/epidemiología , Obesidad
4.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613007

RESUMEN

Selenium is an essential trace element that exists in inorganic forms (selenite and selenates) and organic forms (selenoamino acids, seleno peptides, and selenoproteins). Selenium is known to aid in the function of the immune system for populations where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is endemic, as studies suggest that a lack of selenium is associated with a higher risk of mortality among those with HIV. In a recent study conducted in Zambia, adults had a median plasma selenium concentration of 0.27 µmol/L (IQR 0.14-0.43). Concentrations consistent with deficiency (<0.63 µmol/L) were found in 83% of adults. With these results, it can be clearly seen that selenium levels in Southern Africa should be investigated to ensure the good health of both livestock and humans. The recommended selenium dietary requirement of most domesticated livestock is 0.3 mg Se/kg, and in humans above 19 years, anRDA (recommended daily allowance) of 55 mcg Se/per dayisis recommended, but most of the research findings of Southern African countries have recorded low levels. With research findings showing alarming low levels of selenium in soils, humans, and raw feed materials in Southern Africa, further research will be vital in answering questions on how best to improve the selenium status of Southern African soils and plants for livestock and humans to attain sufficient quantities.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Selenio , Adulto , Humanos , Animales , África Austral , Zambia , Ganado , Suelo
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134263, 2024 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613951

RESUMEN

Nanotechnology offers a promising and innovative approach to mitigate biotic and abiotic stress in crop production. In this study, the beneficial role and potential detoxification mechanism of biogenic selenium nanoparticles (Bio-SeNPs) prepared from Psidium guajava extracts in alleviating antimony (Sb) toxicity in rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) were investigated. The results revealed that exogenous addition of Bio-SeNPs (0.05 g/L) into the hydroponic-cultured system led to a substantial enhancement in rice shoot height (73.3%), shoot fresh weight (38.7%) and dry weight (28.8%) under 50 µM Sb(III) stress conditions. Compared to Sb exposure alone, hydroponic application of Bio-SeNPs also greatly promoted rice photosynthesis, improved cell viability and membrane integrity, reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and increased antioxidant activities. Meanwhile, exogenous Bio-SeNPs application significantly lowered the Sb accumulation in rice roots (77.1%) and shoots (35.1%), and reduced its root to shoot translocation (55.3%). Additionally, Bio-SeNPs addition were found to modulate the subcellular distribution of Sb and the expression of genes associated with Sb detoxification in rice, such as OsCuZnSOD2, OsCATA, OsGSH1, OsABCC1, and OsWAK11. Overall, our findings highlight the great potential of Bio-SeNPs as a promising alternative for reducing Sb accumulation in crop plants and boosting crop production under Sb stress conditions.


Asunto(s)
Antimonio , Antioxidantes , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Nanopartículas , Oryza , Selenio , Oryza/efectos de los fármacos , Oryza/metabolismo , Oryza/crecimiento & desarrollo , Oryza/genética , Antimonio/toxicidad , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Selenio/toxicidad , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas/efectos de los fármacos , Nanopartículas/toxicidad , Nanopartículas/química , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Estrés Fisiológico/efectos de los fármacos , Fotosíntesis/efectos de los fármacos , Raíces de Plantas/efectos de los fármacos , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantones/efectos de los fármacos , Plantones/metabolismo , Plantones/crecimiento & desarrollo
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8590, 2024 04 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615144

RESUMEN

Hypertension (HPT) is the leading modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and premature death worldwide. Currently, attention is given to various dietary approaches with a special focus on the role of micronutrient intake in the regulation of blood pressure. This study aims to measure the dietary intake of selected minerals among Malaysian adults and its association with HPT. This cross-sectional study involved 10,031 participants from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological study conducted in Malaysia. Participants were grouped into HPT if they reported having been diagnosed with high blood pressure [average systolic blood pressure (SBP)/average diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 140/90 mm Hg]. A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to measure participants' habitual dietary intake. The dietary mineral intake of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc was measured. The chi-square test was used to assess differences in socio-demographic factors between HPT and non-HPT groups, while the Mann-Whitney U test was used to assess differences in dietary mineral intake between the groups. The participants' average dietary intake of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc was 591.0 mg/day, 3.8 mg/day, 27.1 mg/day, 32.4 mg/day, 0.4 mg/day, 1431.1 mg/day, 2.3 g/day, 27.1 µg/day, 4526.7 mg/day and 1.5 mg/day, respectively. The intake was significantly lower among those with HPT than those without HPT except for calcium and manganese. Continuous education and intervention should be focused on decreasing sodium intake and increasing potassium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and calcium intake for the general Malaysian population, particularly for the HPT patients.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Selenio , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Calcio , Manganeso , Cobre , Magnesio , Estudios Prospectivos , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Calcio de la Dieta , Hierro , Zinc , Sodio , Fósforo , Potasio
7.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 84: 127443, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579498

RESUMEN

The following investigation was carried out to determine the effects of Selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) on the growth rates, nutrient digestibility, and hematology of Cirrhinus mrigala fingerlings fed sunflower meal as basal diet. The experiment included seven test diets with varying Se levels (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, and 3 mg/kg) based on Se NPs supplementation. Chromic oxide, an inert maker, was also added. Fingerlings were fed at a rate of 5% of their body weight. The test meal of 1 mg/kg Se NPs resulted in the highest weight gain (12.31 g) and the lowest feed conversion ratio (1.58). Best hematological indices (RBCs 2.84 106 mm-3, WBCs 7.79 103 mm-3, PLT 66, Hb 8.5 g/100 ml, PCV 25% and MCV 190 fl) and maximum nutrient absorption (crude protein 72%, ether extract 73% and gross energy 67%) were also observed in the case of 1 mg/kg supplementation of Se NPs. Hematology studies indicated that when fish were fed 0.5 mg/kg Se NPs, their levels began to rise. Maximum results were achieved with feed containing 1 mg/kg of Se NPs, but when the concentration increased above 1 mg/kg, the values began to decline. Instead, nutrient digestibility began to increase when the concentration of Se NPs increased to 1 mg/kg and abruptly started to decline with a further increase in Se NPs. The results demonstrated that a sunflower meal-based diet supplemented with Se NPs (1 mg/kg) increased the growth performance, nutritional digestibility, and hematology of C. mrigala fingerlings.


Asunto(s)
Suplementos Dietéticos , Nanopartículas , Selenio , Animales , Selenio/farmacología , Selenio/administración & dosificación , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/administración & dosificación , Digestión/efectos de los fármacos , Nutrientes/metabolismo , Alimentación Animal/análisis
8.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 219: 215-230, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38636715

RESUMEN

Selenium (Se) is indispensable in alleviating various types of intestinal injuries. Here, we thoroughly investigated the protective effect of Se on the regulation of the epithelial cell-M2 macrophages pathway in deoxynivalenol (DON)-induced intestinal damage. In the present study, Se has positive impacts on gut health by improving gut barrier function and reducing the levels of serum DON in vivo. Furthermore, our study revealed that Se supplementation increased the abundances of GPX4, p-PI3K, and AKT, decreased the levels of 4-HNE and inhibited ferroptosis. Moreover, when mice were treated with DON and Fer-1(ferroptosis inhibitor), ferroptosis was suppressed and PI3K/AKT pathway was activated. These results indicated that GPX4-PI3K/AKT-ferroptosis was a predominant pathway in DON-induced intestinal inflammation. Interestingly, we discovered that both the number of M2 anti-inflammatory macrophages and the levels of CSF-1 decreased while the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 increased in the intestine and MODE-K cells supernatant. Therefore, Se supplementation activated the CSF-1-M2 macrophages axis, resulting in a decrease in IL-6 expression and an enhancement of the intestinal anti-inflammatory capacity. This study provides novel insights into how intestinal epithelial cells regulate the CSF-1-M2 macrophage pathway, which is essential in maintaining intestinal homeostasis confer to environmental hazardous stimuli.


Asunto(s)
Células Epiteliales , Mucosa Intestinal , Macrófagos , Selenio , Tricotecenos , Animales , Tricotecenos/toxicidad , Ratones , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efectos de los fármacos , Selenio/farmacología , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/patología , Células Epiteliales/metabolismo , Células Epiteliales/efectos de los fármacos , Células Epiteliales/patología , Activación de Macrófagos/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Masculino , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo
9.
Environ Res ; 252(Pt 3): 118874, 2024 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579995

RESUMEN

3-Methylindole (Skatole), a degradation product of tryptophan produced by intestinal microbial activity, significantly contributes to odor nuisance. Its adverse effects on animal welfare, human health, and environmental pollution have been noted. However, it is still unclear whether the intestinal microbiota mediates the impact of selenium (Se) on skatole production and what the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. A selenized glucose (SeGlu) derivative is a novel organic selenium compound. In this study, a diverse range of dietary SeGlu-treated levels, including SeGlu-deficient (CK), SeGlu-adequate (0.15 mg Se per L), and SeGlu-supranutritional (0.4 mg Se per L) conditions, were used to investigate the complex interaction of SeGlu on intestinal microbiome and serum metabolome changes in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The study showed that SeGlu supplementation enhanced the antioxidant ability in rats, significantly manifested in the increases of the activity of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), while no change in the level of malonaldehyde (MDA). Metagenomic sequencing analysis verified that the SeGlu treatment group significantly increased the abundance of beneficial microorganisms such as Clostridium, Ruminococcus, Faecalibacterium, Lactobacillus, and Alloprevotella while reducing the abundance of opportunistic pathogens such as Bacteroides and Alistipes significantly. Further metabolomic analysis revealed phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis changes in the SeGlu treatment group. Notably, the biosynthesis of indole, a critical pathway, was affected by SeGlu treatment, with several crucial enzymes implicated. Correlation analysis demonstrated strong associations between specific bacterial species - Treponema, Bacteroides, and Ruminococcus, and changes in indole and derivative concentrations. Moreover, the efficacy of SeGlu-treated fecal microbiota was confirmed through fecal microbiota transplantation, leading to a decrease in the concentration of skatole in rats. Collectively, the analysis of microbiota and metabolome response to diverse SeGlu levels suggests that SeGlu is a promising dietary additive in modulating intestinal microbiota and reducing odor nuisance in the livestock and poultry industry.


Asunto(s)
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Glucosa , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Escatol , Triptófano , Animales , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efectos de los fármacos , Escatol/metabolismo , Masculino , Triptófano/metabolismo , Ratas , Glucosa/metabolismo , Selenio/farmacología , Dieta
10.
J Equine Vet Sci ; 136: 105073, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642814

RESUMEN

Oxidative damage to sperm during cooled storage is a significant issue, and selenium with antioxidant potential could be a solution. Moreover, nano-sized selenium offers more advantages compared to its ionic forms. This research aimed to assess the impact of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) supplemented in the INRA96 extender on the quality of Turkmen stallion sperm and lipid peroxidation during 72 h of cooled storage. A total of 25 ejaculates were treated using different concentrations of SeNPs, including no SeNPs (Control), 0.5 µM SeNPs (SeNPs 0.5), 1.0 µM SeNPs (SeNPs 1.0), and 1.5 µM SeNPs (SeNPs 1.5). The samples were then evaluated for sperm quality characteristics and lipid peroxidation. The results indicated a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in total and progressive motility, viability, and plasma membrane functionality after 48 h of cooled storage, along with an increase (P < 0.05) in spermatozoa abnormality and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as the cooled storage time increased. However, SeNPs demonstrated an improvement (P < 0.05) in sperm total motility after 24 h of cooled storage, progressive motility throughout the entire 72-hour period, functionality of the plasma membrane after 48 hours of cooled storage, spermatozoa abnormality after 48 h of cooled storage, and semen MDA levels throughout the cooled storage (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the enrichment of the INRA96 extender with nano-sized selenium can enhance the quality of Turkmen stallion sperm during storage at 5 °C by increasing total, progressive, and curvilinear motilities, improving plasma membrane functionality, and reducing sperm abnormalities and lipid peroxidation.


Asunto(s)
Peroxidación de Lípido , Nanopartículas , Selenio , Preservación de Semen , Espermatozoides , Masculino , Selenio/farmacología , Selenio/química , Selenio/administración & dosificación , Animales , Caballos , Peroxidación de Lípido/efectos de los fármacos , Preservación de Semen/métodos , Preservación de Semen/veterinaria , Espermatozoides/efectos de los fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Análisis de Semen/veterinaria , Motilidad Espermática/efectos de los fármacos , Frío
11.
Open Vet J ; 14(1): 292-303, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633147

RESUMEN

Background: Paracetamol (PCM) overdosing induces hepatotoxicity, which can result in death if the dose is high enough and the patients are not given N-acetyl cysteine. Berberine (BBR) has a variety of biological proprieties including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. Aim: Assessment of the potential effect of BBR and selenium when used alone or together on the PCM-induced acute hepatic toxicity in rats. Methods: This research involved 40 clinically healthy mature adult male albino rats, their weights ranged from 150 to 200 g and housed in standard conditions. Our study involved evaluating the potential effect of BBR and selenium when used alone or together on the PCM-induced acute hepatic toxicity via estimation of the liver function tests, determination of the antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid peroxidation markers, immune-modulatory effects, liver histopathological, and immunohistochemical studies. Results: Co-treatment of BBR (150 mg/kg BW) with selenium (5 mg/kg BW) showed significant improvement in the liver function parameters, the antioxidant enzyme activities, reduction in the nitric oxide (NO), lysozyme, malondialdehyde (MDA), TNF-α, and TGF-ß1 levels, and marked elevation in the IgM levels. Conclusion: Altogether, BBR, selenium, or both augment antioxidant activity and alleviate PCM-induced hepatic toxicity.


Asunto(s)
Berberina , Selenio , Humanos , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/uso terapéutico , Acetaminofén/farmacología , Selenio/farmacología , Berberina/farmacología , Berberina/uso terapéutico , Estrés Oxidativo , Ratas Wistar
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6637-6646, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580315

RESUMEN

Methanogenesis is a critical process in the carbon cycle that is applied industrially in anaerobic digestion and biogas production. While naturally occurring in diverse environments, methanogenesis requires anaerobic and reduced conditions, although varying degrees of oxygen tolerance have been described. Microaeration is suggested as the next step to increase methane production and improve hydrolysis in digestion processes; therefore, a deeper understanding of the methanogenic response to oxygen stress is needed. To explore the drivers of oxygen tolerance in methanogenesis, two parallel enrichments were performed under the addition of H2/CO2 in an environment without reducing agents and in a redox-buffered environment by adding redox mediator 9,10-anthraquinone-2,7-disulfonate disodium. The cellular response to oxidative conditions is mapped using proteomic analysis. The resulting community showed remarkable tolerance to high-redox environments and was unperturbed in its methane production. Next to the expression of pathways to mitigate reactive oxygen species, the higher redox potential environment showed an increased presence of selenocysteine and selenium-associated pathways. By including sulfur-to-selenium mass shifts in a proteomic database search, we provide the first evidence of the dynamic and large-scale incorporation of selenocysteine as a response to oxidative stress in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and the presence of a dynamic selenoproteome.


Asunto(s)
Euryarchaeota , Selenio , Metano , Proteómica , Selenocisteína/metabolismo , Euryarchaeota/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Oxígeno , Anaerobiosis , Reactores Biológicos
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613167

RESUMEN

The study aimed to explore the association between five heavy metals exposure (Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, Manganese, and Selenium) and mortality [all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer-related]. We integrated the data into the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011 to 2018 years. A total of 16,092 participants were recruited. The link between heavy metals exposure and mortality was analyzed by constructing a restricted cubic spline (RCS) curve, Cox proportional hazard regression model, and subgroup analysis. The RCS curve was used to show a positive linear relationship between Cadmium, Lead, and all-cause mortality. In contrast, there was a negative linear correlation between Mercury and all-cause mortality. Additionally, Manganese and Selenium also had a J-shaped and L-shaped link with all-cause mortality. The positive linear, positive linear, negative liner, J-shaped, and L-shaped relationships were observed for Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, Manganese, and Selenium and CVD mortality, respectively. Cadmium, Lead, Mercury, and Selenium were observed to exhibit positive linear, U-shaped, negative linear, and L-shaped relationships with cancer-related mortality, respectively. There was an increase and then a decrease in the link between Manganese and cancer-related morality. This study revealed the correlation between the content of different elements and different types of mortality in the U.S. general population.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Mercurio , Metales Pesados , Neoplasias , Selenio , Humanos , Cadmio/análisis , Manganeso , Selenio/análisis , Causas de Muerte , Encuestas Nutricionales , Estudios de Cohortes , Mercurio/análisis
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619980

RESUMEN

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, R39T and R73T, were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the selenium hyperaccumulator Cardamine hupingshanesis in China. Strain R39T transformed selenite into elemental and volatile selenium, whereas strain R73T transformed both selenate and selenite into elemental selenium. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strain R39T belonged to the genus Achromobacter, while strain R73T belonged to the genus Buttiauxella. Strain R39T (genome size, 6.68 Mb; G+C content, 61.6 mol%) showed the closest relationship to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219T and Achromobacter kerstersii LMG 3441T, with average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 83.6 and 83.4 %, respectively. Strain R73T (genome size, 5.22 Mb; G+C content, 50.3 mol%) was most closely related to Buttiauxella ferragutiae ATCC 51602T with an ANI value of 86.4 %. Furthermore, strain A111 from the GenBank database was found to cluster with strain R73T within the genus Buttiauxella through phylogenomic analyses. The ANI and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R73T and A111 were 97.5 and 80.0% respectively, indicating that they belong to the same species. Phenotypic characteristics also differentiated strain R39T and strain R73T from their closely related species. Based on the polyphasic analyses, strain R39T and strain R73T represent novel species of the genera Achromobacter and Buttiauxella, respectively, for which the names Achromobacter seleniivolatilans sp. nov. (type strain R39T=GDMCC 1.3843T=JCM 36009T) and Buttiauxella selenatireducens sp. nov. (type strain R73T=GDMCC 1.3636T=JCM 35850T) are proposed.


Asunto(s)
Achromobacter , Cardamine , Selenio , Ácidos Grasos/química , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Cardamine/genética , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Ácido Selenioso
15.
J Plant Physiol ; 296: 154237, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583194

RESUMEN

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for both human and animals. Plants serve as the primary source of Se in the food chain. Se concentration and availability in plants is influenced by soil properties and environmental conditions. Optimal Se levels promote plant growth and enhance stress tolerance, while excessive Se concentration can result in toxicity. Se enhances plants ROS scavenging ability by promoting antioxidant compound synthesis. The ability of Se to maintain redox balance depends upon ROS compounds, stress conditions and Se application rate. Furthermore, Se-dependent antioxidant compound synthesis is critically reliant on plant macro and micro nutritional status. As these nutrients are fundamental for different co-factors and amino acid synthesis. Additionally, phytohormones also interact with Se to promote plant growth. Hence, utilization of phytohormones and modified crop nutrition can improve Se-dependent crop growth and plant stress tolerance. This review aims to explore the assimilation of Se into plant proteins, its intricate effect on plant redox status, and the specific interactions between Se and phytohormones. Furthermore, we highlight the proposed physiological and genetic mechanisms underlying Se-mediated phytohormone-dependent plant growth modulation and identified research opportunities that could contribute to sustainable agricultural production in the future.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Selenio , Animales , Humanos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Selenio/metabolismo , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
16.
Adv Appl Microbiol ; 126: 63-92, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637107

RESUMEN

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element present as selenocysteine (SeCys) in selenoproteins, which have an important role in thyroid metabolism and the redox system in humans. Se deficiency affects between 500 and 1000 million people worldwide. Increasing Se intake can prevent from bacterial and viral infections. Se deficiency has been associated with cancer, Alzheimer, Parkinson, decreased thyroid function, and male infertility. Se intake depends on the food consumed which is directly related to the amount of Se in the soil as well as on its availability. Se is unevenly distributed on the earth's crust, being scarce in some regions and in excess in others. The easiest way to counteract the symptoms of Se deficiency is to enhance the Se status of the human diet. Se salts are the most toxic form of Se, while Se amino acids and Se-nanoparticles (SeNPs) are the least toxic and most bio-available forms. Some bacteria transform Se salts into these Se species. Generally accepted as safe selenized microorganisms can be directly used in the manufacture of selenized fermented and/or probiotic foods. On the other hand, plant growth-promoting bacteria and/or the SeNPs produced by them can be used to promote plant growth and produce crops enriched with Se. In this chapter we discuss bacterial Se metabolism, the effect of Se on human health, the applications of SeNPs and Se-enriched bacteria, as well as their effect on food fortification. Different strategies to counteract Se deficiency by enriching foods using sustainable strategies and their possible implications for improving human health are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Compuestos de Selenio , Selenio , Humanos , Selenio/química , Selenio/metabolismo , Sales (Química) , Bacterias/genética , Bacterias/metabolismo
17.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29611, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639305

RESUMEN

While micronutrients are crucial for immune function, their impact on humoral responses to inactivated COVID-19 vaccination remains unclear. We investigated the associations between seven key micronutrients and antibody responses in 44 healthy adults with two doses of an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine. Blood samples were collected pre-vaccination and 28 days post-booster. We measured circulating minerals (iron, zinc, copper, and selenium) and vitamins (A, D, and E) concentrations alongside antibody responses and assessed their associations using linear regression analyses. Our analysis revealed inverse associations between blood iron and zinc concentrations and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM antibody binding affinity (AUC for iron: ß = -258.21, p < 0.0001; zinc: ß = -17.25, p = 0.0004). Notably, antibody quality presented complex relationships. Blood selenium was positively associated (ß = 18.61, p = 0.0030), while copper/selenium ratio was inversely associated (ß = -1.36, p = 0.0055) with the neutralizing ability against SARS-CoV-2 virus at a 1:10 plasma dilution. There was no significant association between circulating micronutrient concentrations and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG binding affinity. These findings suggest that circulating iron, zinc, and selenium concentrations and copper/selenium ratio, may serve as potential biomarkers for both quantity (binding affinity) and quality (neutralization) of humoral responses after inactivated COVID-19 vaccination. Furthermore, they hint at the potential of pre-vaccination dietary interventions, such as selenium supplementation, to improve vaccine efficacy. However, larger, diverse studies are needed to validate these findings. This research advances the understanding of the impact of micronutrients on vaccine response, offering the potential for personalized vaccination strategies.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Selenio , Oligoelementos , Adulto , Humanos , Micronutrientes , Vacunas contra la COVID-19 , Cobre , COVID-19/prevención & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Zinc , Hierro , Vacunación , Anticuerpos Antivirales , Anticuerpos Neutralizantes
18.
Plant Cell Rep ; 43(4): 113, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573519

RESUMEN

KEY MESSAGE: Selenium nanoparticles reduce cadmium absorption in tomato roots, mitigating heavy metal effects. SeNPs can efficiently help to enhance growth, yield, and biomolecule markers in cadmium-stressed tomato plants. In the present study, the effects of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were investigated on the tomato plants grown in cadmium-contaminated soil. Nanoparticles were synthesized using water extract of Nigella sativa and were characterized for their size and shape. Two application methods (foliar spray and soil drench) with nanoparticle concentrations of 0, 100, and 300 mg/L were used to observe their effects on cadmium-stressed plants. Growth, yield, biochemical, and stress parameters were studied. Results showed that SeNPs positively affected plant growth, mitigating the negative effects of cadmium stress. Shoot length (SL), root length (RL), number of branches (NB), number of leaves per plant (NL), and leaf area (LA) were significantly reduced by cadmium stress but enhanced by 45, 51, 506, 208, and 82%, respectively, by soil drench treatment of SeNPs. Similarly, SeNPs increased the fruit yield (> 100%) and fruit weight (> 100%), and decreased the days to fruit initiation in tomato plants. Pigments were also positively affected by the SeNPs, particularly in foliar treatment. Lycopene content was also enhanced by the addition of NPs (75%). Furthermore, the addition of SeNPs improved the ascorbic acid, protein, phenolic, flavonoid, and proline contents of the tomato plants under cadmium stress, whereas stress enzymes also showed enhanced activities under cadmium stress. It is concluded from the present study that the addition of selenium nanoparticles enhanced the growth and yield of Cd-stressed plants by reducing the absorption of cadmium and increasing the stress management of plants.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas , Selenio , Solanum lycopersicum , Selenio/farmacología , Cadmio/toxicidad , Suelo
19.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 143: 35-46, 2024 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644022

RESUMEN

Selenium (Se) in paddy rice is one of the significant sources of human Se nutrition. However, the effect of arsenic (As) pollution in soil on the translocation of Se species in rice plants is unclear. In this research, a pot experiment was designed to examine the effect of the addition of 50 mg As/kg soil as arsenite or arsenate on the migration of Se species from soil to indica Minghui 63 and Luyoumingzhan. The results showed that the antagonism between inorganic As and Se was closely related to the rice cultivar and Se oxidation state in soil. Relative to the standalone selenate treatment, arsenite significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the accumulation of selenocystine, selenomethionine and selenate in the roots, stems, sheaths, leaves, brans and kernels of both cultivars by 21.4%-100.0%, 40.0%-100.0%, 41.0%-100%, 5.4%-96.3%, 11.3%-100.0% and 26.2%-39.7% respectively, except for selenocystine in the kernels of indica Minghui 63 and selenomethionine in the leaves of indica Minghui 63 and the stems of indica Luyoumingzhan. Arsenate also decreased (p < 0.05) the accumulation of selenocystine, selenomethionine and selenate in the roots, stems, brans and kernels of both cultivars by 34.9%-100.0%, 30.2%-100.0%, 11.3%-100.0% and 5.6%-39.6% respectively, except for selenate in the stems of indica Minghui 63. However, relative to the standalone selenite treatment, arsenite and arsenate decreased (p < 0.05) the accumulation of selenocystine, selenomethionine and selenite only in the roots of indica Minghui 63 by 45.5%-100.0%. Our results suggested that arsenite and arsenate had better antagonism toward Se species in selenate-added soil than that in selenite-added soil; moreover, arsenite had a higher inhibiting effect on the accumulation of Se species than arsenate.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Oryza , Selenio , Contaminantes del Suelo , Suelo , Oryza/metabolismo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/metabolismo , Selenio/análisis , Selenio/metabolismo , Arsénico/análisis , Arsénico/metabolismo , Suelo/química , Arsenitos
20.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 432, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594418

RESUMEN

Trace elements are important for human health but may exert toxic or adverse effects. Mechanisms of uptake, distribution, metabolism, and excretion are partly under genetic control but have not yet been extensively mapped. Here we report a comprehensive multi-element genome-wide association study of 57 essential and non-essential trace elements. We perform genome-wide association meta-analyses of 14 trace elements in up to 6564 Scandinavian whole blood samples, and genome-wide association studies of 43 trace elements in up to 2819 samples measured only in the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). We identify 11 novel genetic loci associated with blood concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, manganese, selenium, and zinc in genome-wide association meta-analyses. In HUNT, several genome-wide significant loci are also indicated for other trace elements. Using two-sample Mendelian randomization, we find several indications of weak to moderate effects on health outcomes, the most precise being a weak harmful effect of increased zinc on prostate cancer. However, independent validation is needed. Our current understanding of trace element-associated genetic variants may help establish consequences of trace elements on human health.


Asunto(s)
Selenio , Oligoelementos , Masculino , Humanos , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Estudio de Asociación del Genoma Completo , Zinc , Selenio/análisis , Manganeso
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