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1.
J Clin Psychol Med Settings ; 31(2): 465-470, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265698

RESUMEN

Hypnosis is an effective treatment option for a variety of concerns. Past research has suggested that those who score in the high range of hypnotizability initially show greater improvement than those in the low range. A post hoc analysis was conducted to examine the extent to which hypnotizability modulates the reduction of hot flash frequency. Average number of hot flashes reported during hypnosis treatment and a 12-week follow-up were grouped according to participants' level of hypnotizability. Using baseline data, the reduction percentage of hot flash frequency was plotted and visually examined to determine when a clinically significant reduction (50%) in hot flashes was reached. Our results suggested that, regardless of hypnotizability, participants ultimately obtained a 50% reduction in hot flash frequency. Interestingly, participants who were rated as either moderately or highly hypnotizable achieved a 50% reduction by Week 3 while those of low hypnotizability did not cross the 50% reduction threshold until the 12-week follow-up. Implications from these findings include the importance of assessing hypnotizability in clinical settings to better tailor treatment dose and expectations.


Asunto(s)
Sofocos , Hipnosis , Humanos , Hipnosis/métodos , Femenino , Sofocos/terapia , Sofocos/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Seguimiento
2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 23(1): 388, 2023 Oct 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37891531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hot flashes are the common and debilitating symptom among prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Strong evidence from multiple rigorously designed studies indicated that pharmacological option such as venlafaxine provides partial relief, but the tolerability is poor when dose is not tapered. Hence, alternative therapy is needed. Previous studies reported that acupuncture may be helpful in the management of hot flashes. However, the insufficient randomized controlled trial limited the quality of evidence. METHODS: Five hospitals will recruit 120 acupuncture naïve patients with moderate-to-severe hot flashes after prostate cancer received ADT in China from February 2023 to December 2024. Participants will be randomly 2:1:1 allocated to the 18 sessions of verum acupuncture at true acupuncture points plus usual care, 18 sessions of non-penetrating sham acupuncture at non-acupuncture points plus usual care, or usual care alone over 6 weeks. The primary outcome measure is the change of mean weekly hot flashes symptom severity score (HFSSS) at the end of treatment compared with baseline. EXPECTED RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We will be able to measure the effectiveness of acupuncture for patients with PCa suffering from ADT-induced hot flashes and whether acupuncture is superior to sham acupuncture and usual care. The proposed acupuncture treatment might provide an alternative option for those patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT05069467).


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Sofocos/etiología , Sofocos/terapia , Antagonistas de Andrógenos/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Próstata/tratamiento farmacológico , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Puntos de Acupuntura , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
3.
J Integr Complement Med ; 29(4): 241-252, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36787483

RESUMEN

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of acupuncture on hot flashes in breast cancer patients taking tamoxifen as an adjuvant antiestrogen therapy in Korea. Design: This trial was a randomized, no-treatment-controlled, single-blind, multi-center trial. Participants were randomized 1:1 into the acupuncture group or into the no-treatment control group. Location: This trial was conducted at Daegu Catholic University Hospital and Daegu Haany University Korean Medicine Hospital in Daegu, Republic of Korea. Participants: Patients with moderate to severe symptoms of hot flashes while receiving adjuvant antiestrogen therapy using tamoxifen after surgery for breast cancer were included. Interventions: In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was performed three times a week for 4 consecutive weeks at five predetermined points. The control group received no treatment during the study period. Study Outcome Measures: As a primary outcome, the severity of hot flashes was measured on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and total hot flash score. In addition, the quality of life (QoL) of participants was assessed as a secondary outcome. Results: A total of 30 patients were included in this study, 15 each in the acupuncture group and the control group. The participants in the acupuncture group significantly decreased the severity of hot flashes evaluated with both VAS and total hot flash scores compared with participants in the control group. Also, the acupuncture group showed improved score of a global health status/QoL scale and functional scales assessed with the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL questionnaire-core questionnaire, compared with those in the control group. This trend was maintained 4 weeks after acupuncture treatment. No adverse events have been reported in this study. Conclusions: Acupuncture was effective and safe in improving hot flashes in Korean breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant antiestrogen therapy with tamoxifen, and it improved the QoL. Clinical Trial Registration: KCT0007829.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias de la Mama , Humanos , Femenino , Tamoxifeno/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Sofocos/inducido químicamente , Sofocos/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Moduladores de los Receptores de Estrógeno/uso terapéutico , Método Simple Ciego , Antagonistas de Estrógenos/efectos adversos
4.
Menopause ; 30(1): 80-87, 2023 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36253903

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms disrupt quality of life. This study tested the effects of a dietary intervention on vasomotor symptoms and menopause-related quality of life. METHODS: Postmenopausal women (n = 84) reporting at least two moderate-to-severe hot flashes daily were randomly assigned, in two successive cohorts, to an intervention including a low-fat, vegan diet and cooked soybeans (½ cup [86 g] daily) or to a control group making no dietary changes. During a 12-week period, a mobile application was used to record hot flashes (frequency and severity), and vasomotor, psychosocial, physical, and sexual symptoms were assessed with the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life questionnaire. Between-group differences were assessed for continuous ( t tests) and binary ( χ2 /McNemar tests) outcomes. In a study subsample, urinary equol was measured after the consumption of ½ cup (86 g) of cooked whole soybeans twice daily for 3 days. RESULTS: In the intervention group, moderate-to-severe hot flashes decreased by 88% ( P < 0.001) compared with 34% for the control group ( P < 0.001; between-group P < 0.001). At 12 weeks, 50% of completers in the intervention group reported no moderate-to-severe hot flashes at all. Among controls, there was no change in this variable from baseline ( χ2 test, P < 0.001). Neither seasonality nor equol production status was associated with the degree of improvement. The intervention group reported greater reductions in the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life questionnaire vasomotor ( P = 0.004), physical ( P = 0.01), and sexual ( P = 0.03) domains. CONCLUSIONS: A dietary intervention consisting of a plant-based diet, minimizing oils, and daily soybeans significantly reduced the frequency and severity of postmenopausal hot flashes and associated symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Equol , Sofocos , Femenino , Humanos , Sofocos/terapia , Sofocos/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Menopausia , Suplementos Dietéticos , Glycine max
5.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 121: 106885, 2022 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998768

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been reported to reduce hot flashes in patients with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant hormonal therapy. Although hot flashes are common, the prevalence varies among cultures, races, and ethnicities; the efficacy of acupuncture across cultures has not been investigated. METHODS: This is a coordinated multinational study, including three parallel randomized trials with a planned analysis of individual patient data, to test the effectiveness of acupuncture on hot flash-related symptoms in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients on adjuvant endocrine therapy. Using a standardized acupuncture protocol (total across all three studies of n = 80) versus usual care (total n = 80), symptoms are assessed using changes in the Endocrine Symptom Subscale of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Endocrine Symptoms. Secondary outcomes include hot flash severity, quality of life, and sleep quality. Differences in response to acupuncture between participants in the three countries will also be explored. DISCUSSION: Here we describe the design of a protocol for a coordinated multinational study, with attention to the complex considerations in developing a multinational research effort testing a non-pharmacologic intervention. This protocol and approach provide guidance for future efforts to evaluate and test non-pharmacologic interventions across multinational populations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov (Identifier: NCT00797732, registered on December 21, 2018), Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100045888), and The Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS) of Korea (Registration number: KCT0003618).


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias de la Mama , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Femenino , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Patient Educ Couns ; 105(11): 3279-3286, 2022 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961801

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine the effects of health education (HE) and progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), individually or combined, on vasomotor symptoms and insomnia in perimenopausal women. METHODS: This study is a single-center, pretest-posttest, randomized controlled trial with a factorial design. The research sample consists of 108 women who were randomly divided into three groups: HE + PMR group (n = 36), PMR group (n = 36) and control group (n = 36). 90 women completed the study. The data were collected in three steps by using instruments of Personal Information Form, Visual Analog Scale and a diary for vasomotor symptoms, Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale. RESULTS: Hot flash and night sweats frequency and severity scores/24 h, the VAS scores for hot flashes and night sweats, and the WHIIRS scores significantly improved more in the intervention groups compared to the control group (p < 0,05). Compared to the group PMR, the group PMR + HE had a greater improvement with larger effect size in all measurements. CONCLUSIONS: PMR and HE counseling by nurses benefit perimenopausal women who suffer from insomnia and vasomotor symptoms. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: PMR combined with HE or PMR alone is effective in managing vasomotor symptoms and insomnia; therefore, they can easily be integrated into clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Entrenamiento Autogénico , Femenino , Educación en Salud , Sofocos/psicología , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Perimenopausia , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/terapia
7.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(6): 5063-5074, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35247073

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: While clinical trials provide valuable data about efficacy of interventions, findings often do not translate into clinical settings. We report real world clinical outcomes of a 15-year service offering breast cancer survivors auricular acupuncture to manage hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS) associated with adjuvant hormonal treatments. This service evaluation aims to (1) assess whether usual practice alleviates symptoms in a clinically meaningful way and (2) compare these results with scientific evidence. METHODS: Data were analysed from 415 referrals to a service offering women eight standardised treatments using the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol. Outcome measures administered at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 4 and 18 weeks after EOT included hot flush diaries, hot flush rating scale (HFRS) and women's health questionnaire (WHQ). RESULTS: Over 2285 treatments were given to 300 women; 275 (92.3%) completed all eight treatments. Median daily frequency of HFNS reduced from 9.6 (IQR 7.3) to 5.7 (IQR 5.8) at EOT and 6.3 (IQR 6.5) 18 weeks after EOT. HFRS problem rating showed a clinically meaningful reduction of ≥ 2 points at all measurement points. WHQ showed improvements in several symptoms associated with the menopause. Two adverse events were reported, neither were serious. Results are comparable to published research. CONCLUSION: This first analysis of a long-term auricular acupuncture service compares favourably with outcomes of other studies for reducing HFNS frequency and associated menopausal symptoms. In day-to-day clinical practice, NADA appears to be a safe effective intervention for breast cancer survivors.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura Auricular , Neoplasias de la Mama , Supervivientes de Cáncer , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Sofocos/etiología , Sofocos/terapia , Menopausia , Sudor , Sudoración
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(6): e28597, 2022 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147087

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hot flashes (HF) are a prevalent symptom associated with menopause affecting up to 85% of women aged 40 to 65 years. Previous studies indicated that acupuncture might relieve the symptom of HF significantly; however, its effectiveness has not been clarified quantitatively. Electro-press needles (EPN) is a novel acupuncture that combines a shallow tiny needle with an electrical transdermal stimulator. Either the needle or the electrical stimulator could function in the treatment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of EPN in comparison with no intervention in relieving HF of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will be a 2-arm randomized waitlist controlled trial. According to the ratio of 1:1 and block randomization, a total of 122 patients with moderate or severe HF will be randomly allocated to either EPN group or waitlist control group. The EPN group will receive 3 sessions of EPN treatment each week in consecutive 6 weeks, 18 sessions in total. The waitlist control group will get no intervention over the first 6 weeks. All the patients will be followed up in the next 24 weeks. The primary outcome will be the percentage of the participants whose 24-hour mean HF is 50% less than the baseline at Week 6. Secondary outcomes will include HF score, HF frequency, HF severity, the Menopause Rating Scale and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire Score. DISCUSSION: This study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of EPN treatment to alleviate HF symptoms in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, excluding self-healing factors. The limitations of the trial design are its single-center scope, lack of placebo control and impossible to blind the acupuncturists and patients.Trial registration: This clinical trial has been registered in Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: NCT04995107; date of registration: Aug 6, 2021).


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Sofocos/terapia , Menopausia , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Agujas , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 21(2): 215-221, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304686

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Menopausal complaints are a critical aspect of women's lives. In particular vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flashes, may seriously impact quality of life and are considered the most bothersome complaint by patients. Although Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) is considered the best option, women increasingly ask for a natural and more tailored treatment approach. AREAS COVERED: Nutraceutical compounds represent the most widespread alternative therapy for vasomotor symptoms, and their use is somewhat increasing. In this review, the authors analyzed the mechanism of action and the related safety of non-hormonal treatments, including new approaches and future aspects. EXPERT OPINION: MHT represents the traditional therapy for menopausal complaints, especially for severe and moderate symptoms; however, evidence has not defined a safety profile for all patients. To address this issue, nutraceuticals could represent a compelling and useful non-hormonal approach in selected patients.


Asunto(s)
Suplementos Dietéticos/efectos adversos , Sofocos/terapia , Menopausia , Animales , Femenino , Terapia de Reemplazo de Hormonas/efectos adversos , Terapia de Reemplazo de Hormonas/métodos , Sofocos/etiología , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
10.
Acupunct Med ; 40(2): 111-122, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753328

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy, comparative effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome (PMS). METHODS: Nine databases were searched until June 2019. Only relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of EA for PMS were included. RESULTS: Twelve trials involving 746 women were included. EA and hormone therapy (HT) did not significantly differ in terms of effective rate (risk ratio (RR) = 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.93 to 1.04), Kupperman index (KI) (mean difference (MD) = -0.25, 95% CI = -0.76 to 0.26) and serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (MD = -3.80, 95% CI = -11.59 to 3.98) or luteinizing hormone (LH) (MD = -2.51, 95% CI = -10.72 to 5.70). Serum estradiol (E2) levels were significantly lower in EA versus HT groups (MD = -60.58, 95% CI = -71.93 to -49.23). Compared with sham EA, EA had a significantly greater effect on reductions in KI (MD = -4.71, 95% CI = -6.57 to -2.86) and hot flushes score/24 h (MD = -2.43, 95% CI = -2.93 to -1.93). There were no significant differences between EA and manual acupuncture (MA) in terms of effective rate (RR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.98 to 1.33) or serum FSH (MD = -2.87, 95% CI = -29.65 to 23.91), LH (MD = 2.73, 95% CI = -9.65 to 15.11) or E2 (MD = 26.80, 95% CI = -12.06 to 65.65). However, it seemed that EA had a better effect than MA on KI (MD = -2.44, 95% CI = -4.80 to -0.08). Subgroup analyses indicated that EA may have more of a benefit in the pre-menopausal state (hot flushes score/24 h: MD = -1.66, 95% CI = -3.49 to 0.17) compared to post-menopause (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The effect of EA appeared broadly similar to HT and MA in the treatment of PMS, although EA-associated reductions in KI were superior to MA and sham EA, suggesting effects beyond placebo. The evidence base is limited by a small number of eligible studies, risk of bias and clinical/statistical heterogeneity, limiting our ability to draw firm conclusions. As such, additional larger scale, high-quality RCTs are needed.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Electroacupuntura , Femenino , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Perimenopausia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
11.
Acupunct Med ; 40(4): 289-298, 2022 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894774

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy/effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of hot flushes and its impact on serum hormone levels in menopausal women. METHODS: A total of 10 databases were searched from their inception to August 2018. Reference lists of reviews and included articles were also hand-searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture, or acupuncture versus hormone therapy (HT), as treatment for menopausal hot flushes were included. Outcomes included hot flush frequency, hot flush severity and serum hormone levels of estradiol (E2), luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Meta-analyses were performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: Thirteen RCTs including 1784 patients were selected, seven of which were available for meta-analysis. Compared with sham acupuncture, acupuncture significantly decreased hot flush frequency (mean difference (MD) -0.84, 95% confidence interval (CI) [-1.64, -0.05], I2 = 54%) from baseline to the end of study, but did not impact end scores of hot flush frequency (MD 0.19, 95% CI [-0.61, 0.99], I2 = 0%) or severity (MD 0.02, 95% CI [-0.13, 0.17], I2 = 0%). No differences were found between acupuncture and HT in serum levels of E2 (MD 6.56, 95% CI [-3.77, 16.89], I2 = 76%), FSH (MD 1.06, 95% CI [-1.44, 3.56], I2 = 0%) or LH (MD -3.36, 95% CI [-13.37, 6.65], I2 = 89%). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture may not decrease hot flush frequency, but yet appears to have similar effects on serum hormone levels as HT, that is, increased E2 and decreased FSH and LH. Considering that no firm conclusions could be drawn due to the low quality and limited number of included trials included, further high-quality RCTs need to be conducted.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Sofocos , Estradiol , Femenino , Hormona Folículo Estimulante , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Menopausia
12.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 188(2): 343-350, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159473

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) such as hot flashes and night sweats are common in breast cancer patients and can affect both quality of life and treatment adherence. However, there is limited practical data to guide clinicians in the optimal selection of therapeutic strategies. A survey of health care providers was performed to better understand perspectives and prescribing practices for managing this problem. METHODS: Canadian health care providers who treat patients with early stage breast cancer (EBC) participated in an anonymous electronic survey. Participants provided their perspectives on the prevalence and severity of VMS among patients with EBC, outlined their management strategies, and provided feedback on the perceived efficacy of interventions for VMS. RESULTS: Responses were received from 65 providers including breast oncologists (36/65, 55%) and nurses with oncology expertise (29/65, 45%). Seventy-seven percent of participants reported regularly asking patients about VMS, and most indicated that bothersome VMS occurred in the majority of patients. Health care providers cited hot flash severity and sleep disruption as the most important issues for patients. The most common first- and second-line interventions recommended were lifestyle modifications (n = 32/65, 49.2%) and pharmacologic strategies (n = 27/65, 41.5%), respectively. Most respondents felt that interventions, including pharmacologic, over-the-counter, and complementary therapies, were only "somewhat effective". Overall, half of respondents (n = 35/65, 54%) reported being "confident" in managing VMS. CONCLUSION: Given the variability of treatment recommendations, and health care provider uncertainty around the benefits of therapies for VMS, more 'real-world' trials are needed to optimize patient care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Menopausia , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/epidemiología , Canadá , Femenino , Personal de Salud , Sofocos/epidemiología , Sofocos/etiología , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Sudoración
13.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 23(6): 63, 2021 04 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852059

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the consequences of estrogen deprivation during endocrine therapy for breast cancer and provides an update on alternative therapies for the management of symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Endocrine therapy has progressed substantially in recent years, and its use is recommended for all breast cancer patients expressing hormone receptors. The main adverse events of this treatment can be controlled with medications and nonpharmacological measures. Antidepressants are effective in controlling vasomotor symptoms. Vaginal discomfort can be treated with local lubricants and pelvic floor physiotherapy, which may help in sexual dysfunction. Pathophysiological mechanisms of musculoskeletal symptoms during aromatase inhibitors treatment are not well understood, but some studies evaluating treatment with duloxetine, yoga, and acupuncture have shown some benefits. For prevention of bone loss, patients with risk factors should be offered bisphosphonates or denosumab. Individualization of treatment is crucial. Consideration should be given to therapy effects on quality of life, and strategies for controlling associated symptoms should be offered.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Hormonales/efectos adversos , Inhibidores de la Aromatasa/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Estrógenos/efectos adversos , Enfermedades Óseas Endocrinas/terapia , Neoplasias de la Mama/química , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Femenino , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Receptores de Estrógenos/análisis
14.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(7): e303-e313, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891888

RESUMEN

The growing availability of more effective therapies has contributed to an increased survival of patients with breast cancer. In hormone receptor-positive early disease, increased survival is strongly correlated with the use of adjuvant endocrine therapy, but this therapy can cause side-effects that have major consequences in terms of treatment adherence and patients' quality of life. In premenopausal breast cancer survivors, these side-effects might be even more prominent due to the abrupt suppression of oestrogen associated with the most intense endocrine therapies. An important ambition of cancer care in the 21st century is to recover pre-cancer quality of life and emotional and social functions, which is only possible through the mitigation of the side-effects of anticancer treatments. This Review presents a comprehensive summary of the efficacy and safety data of the available interventions (hormonal and non-hormonal pharmacological strategies, non-pharmacological approaches, and complementary and alternative medicine) to control selected side-effects associated with adjuvant endocrine therapy (hot flashes, sexual dysfunction, weight gain, musculoskeletal symptoms, and fatigue), providing updated, evidence-based approaches for their management.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Hormonales/efectos adversos , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/terapia , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/etiología , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/fisiopatología , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Fatiga/inducido químicamente , Fatiga/terapia , Femenino , Sofocos/inducido químicamente , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Menopausia Prematura , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/inducido químicamente , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Disfunciones Sexuales Fisiológicas/inducido químicamente , Disfunciones Sexuales Fisiológicas/terapia , Resultado del Tratamiento , Aumento de Peso/efectos de los fármacos
15.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101378, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845285

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adverse events of endocrine therapy reduce the breast cancer patient's quality of life and adversely affect treatment compliance. METHOD: A 50-year-old breast cancer patient complained of several symptoms such as hot flush, hyperhidrosis, urinary frequency, and depression. These symptoms occurred after taking tamoxifen. The adverse events induced by tamoxifen were assessed using both World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre (WHO-UMC) causality categories and the Naranjo probability scale. Traditional Korean herbal medicine was used to treat vasomotor symptoms and vulvovaginal symptoms. And acupuncture was used to manage musculoskeletal symptoms. RESULTS: As a result of traditional Korean medicine treatment for 25 days, symptoms and quality of life improved significantly, and improvement was estimated in the Menopause Rating Scale and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life. CONCLUSION: This case report suggests that traditional Korean medicine interventions might have improved the adverse events of tamoxifen in breast cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Tamoxifeno , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Sofocos/inducido químicamente , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , República de Corea , Tamoxifeno/efectos adversos
16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 29, 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441145

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors associated with a clinically relevant reduction in menopausal symptoms through a brief acupuncture approach for women with moderate-to-severe menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial where participants were allocated to early versus late standardized acupuncture. Both the early group and the late group are included in this study. The late group got an identical intervention parallel staged by 6 weeks. By means of the relative importance, the effect was evaluated for both early versus late women with a 6-week follow-up. We included four symptom subscales from the validated MenoScores Questionnaire: hot flushes, day and night sweats, general sweating, menopausal-specific sleeping problems, as well as an overall score, which is the sum of the four outcomes in the analysis. RESULTS: 67 women with moderate to severe menopausal symptoms were included of whom 52 (77.6%) experienced a clinically relevant reduction in any of the four surveyed symptom subscales or overall score. 48 (71.6%) women experienced a clinically relevant reduction in any of the vasomotor symptom subscales: hot flushes, day and night sweats, general sweating. Women with vocational education were most likely to experience improvement compared to women with higher education. Beyond education, other factors of some importance for a clinically relevant reduction were no alcohol consumption, two or more births and urinary incontinence. CONCLUSIONS: Level of education was the most consistent factor associated with improvement. Beyond education, other factors of some importance were no alcohol consumption, two or more births and urinary incontinence. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov at April 21, 2016. The registration number is NCT02746497 .


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Sofocos/epidemiología , Sofocos/terapia , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Menopausia/fisiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Climacteric ; 24(1): 68-73, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729333

RESUMEN

Menopause-related symptoms are common problems of middle-aged women that can seriously affect their quality of life. Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) for climacteric symptoms is the first choice recommended by the International Menopause Society and likewise by other societies and institutions covering this field. However, non-hormonal therapies can be an alternative effective option, especially for women who are not suitable for MHT. Acupuncture is one of the most important methods. With deepening experience of the use of traditional Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion in the improvement of menopause symptoms, more clinical evidence has been obtained to support the effectiveness and safety of this treatment concept that is very often used in China. This review summarizes the evidence for effective treatment of climacteric complaints by acupuncture in recent years, shares the clinical experience of the authors of this review, all of whom head or work in units with daily large numbers of outpatients, and includes, in particular, results from studies performed in the Department of Acupuncture--Moxibustion of Tsinghua University Chuiyangliu Hospital, Beijing, China. In addition, there is a summary about the safety of acupuncture treatment in traditional Chinese medicine.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Sofocos/terapia , Menopausia , Pueblo Asiatico , China , Femenino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional China
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e21820, 2020 Dec 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327222

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although randomized controlled trials have revealed the considerable effectiveness of acupuncture in breast cancer patients, there have been no studies exploring current acupuncture research trends for treatment induced various symptoms in breast cancer patients. This review evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture for treatment-induced symptoms in breast cancer patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature regarding acupuncture to treat symptoms associated with breast cancer therapies. The following databases were searched for relevant RCTs published before June 2018: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, AMED, CINAHL, OASIS, CNKI, and CiNii. RESULTS: Among the 19,483 records identified, 835 articles remained after screening titles and abstracts. A total of 19 RCTs were included in this qualitative synthesis. Among the studies, 8 explored climacteric symptoms, 4 explored pain, 2 explored lymphedemas, 2 explored nausea and vomiting and 3 investigated miscellaneous symptoms.explored miscellaneous symptoms due to cancer treatments. Most of the studies reported that acupuncture can alleviate various symptoms of breast cancer treatment. However, there is a lack of evidence as to whether accupuncture can alleviate chemotherapy associated side effects CONCLUSIONS:: Acupuncture may alleviate the treatment-related symptoms of breast cancer; however, further studies are necessary to obtain conclusive evidence of the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating breast cancer. REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018087813.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Linfedema del Cáncer de Mama/terapia , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios de Evaluación como Asunto , Femenino , Sofocos/terapia , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Náusea/terapia , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Vómitos/terapia
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