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1.
Int J Technol Assess Health Care ; 40(1): e24, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577775

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Traditional therapies are crucial in maintaining and improving human well-being. China's healthcare policymakers are attempting to use health technology assessment (HTA) as a decision-making supportive tool. The value assessment framework for Chinese patent medicine (CPM) has been developed and is being adopted and validated widely by research institutions. Subsequently, the healthcare decision-makers particularly hanker for the value framework of traditional non-pharmacological therapies. METHODS: To construct a practical value framework for traditional non-pharmacological therapies, a scoping review methodology was adopted to identify the evaluation domains and obstacles. A search, screening, and analysis process was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Evidence was retrieved from scientific databases and HTA agencies' websites. RESULTS: The search strategy identified 5 guidelines records and 17 acupuncture HTA reports. By synthesizing the valuable reports of CPM and acupuncture evaluation in representative countries, this study found that Mainland China was promoting the comprehensive value assessment of CPM, whereas the United Kingdom, Singapore, Canada, the United States, and Malaysia had carried out the HTA evaluation of acupuncture for various conditions among which chronic pain was the most common. UK and Singapore applied the HTA results to support acupuncture reimbursement decisions. Three domains, including safety, effectiveness, and economy, were commonly adopted. The identified biggest challenge of evaluating traditional non-pharmacological therapies is the scarce high-quality clinical evidence. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified value domains and issues of traditional therapies, and pointed out future research implications, to promote the development value framework of traditional therapies.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Evaluación de la Tecnología Biomédica , Evaluación de la Tecnología Biomédica/organización & administración , Humanos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Terapias Complementarias , Medicina Tradicional China , Toma de Decisiones , Análisis Costo-Beneficio
2.
Noise Health ; 26(120): 25-29, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570307

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of music nursing as a complementary therapy on anxiety, fatigue, and quality of life in children with acute leukemia (AL). METHODS: This study included 150 children with AL admitted to our hospital from August 2021 to August 2023 and divided them into two groups based on treatment: the control (n = 76, received routine nursing) and observation (n = 74, received music nursing on the basis of routine nursing) groups. Comparison of groups was performed in terms of general information, anxiety, fatigue, and quality of life at admission (T0) and 1 month after admission (T1). RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in the general data between the two groups (P > 0.05). Anxiety, fatigue, and quality of life of the two groups also showed no significant differences at T0 (P > 0.05). The observation group showed significantly lower anxiety than the control group at T1 (P < 0.05). At T1, the observation group exhibited a lower fatigue degree compared with the control group (P < 0.05). At T1, the observation group attained higher scores on physiological and emotional dimensions of the quality of life compared with the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Music nursing for AL children, which has a certain clinical application value, can effectively reduce their anxiety and fatigue and improve their quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Leucemia , Musicoterapia , Música , Niño , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Ansiedad/etiología , Ansiedad/terapia , Leucemia/terapia , Musicoterapia/métodos , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia
3.
Health Expect ; 27(2): e14033, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556833

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is essential for women's health research. Little is known about how women engage with humorous social media and behavioural health messaging targeting pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). This PPI aimed to understand how women engage with a humorous social media campaign encouraging PFMT. The study findings will influence the co-design of a digital intervention to support women's adherence to PFMT. METHODS: The Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and the Public Version 2 short form was used to report the study's findings. The study examined public engagement with a humorous social media campaign encouraging PFMT in women. A healthcare professional and comedian ran the campaign following the national guidelines for engagement in PFMT. Instagram analytics gave insight into the demographics of the public who engaged, how they engaged and the most popular content. The behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used in the digital nudges that generated the highest levels of engagement were analysed using the Capability Opportunity Motivation Behaviour Change Wheel. RESULTS: The majority (96%) of the population showing the highest levels of engagement were women aged 35-44 years and were based in the United Kingdom (77%). The Instagram account saw an increase in engagement by 12% over the 3-month campaign, with 22,032 users seeing digital nudges and 2645 engaging with the digital nudges. The preferred way of engaging was using Likes (9723). The common themes in the digital nudges that generated the highest levels of engagement were BCTs associated with the 'social influences' theoretical domain framework that targeted the core behaviour opportunity. CONCLUSION: The study findings suggest humour may improve women's engagement with online PFMT programmes; however, more rigorous research is required to better understand diverse women's experiences of humorous online PFMT nudges. Future studies may use PFMT mobile apps instead of social media to capture true user engagement and adherence to PFMT more accurately. The insights gained from the study will be taken forward to co-design a digital behavioural intervention as part of a larger study. PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: Members of the public were involved in the co-design of a digital health intervention that will be trialled as part of a larger research study. The public was involved using the social media platform Instagram. Public engagement with a humorous social media campaign to encourage women to engage with pelvic floor exercises was captured using Instagram analytics, for example, the timing of engagement.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Diafragma Pélvico , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Reino Unido
4.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 136, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561693

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The use of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) by cancer patients remains common in several countries especially in the Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the reasons for use are complex and change with time and geographic location, they may vary from therapy to therapy, and they are different from one individual to another. The use of TCM has been associated with active coping behaviour and a way through which patients take control of their own health. However, cancer patients do not disclose their use of TCM to the attending healthcare professionals and therefore the effects of these medicines on the patients may not be ascertained. AIM: To investigate the use of traditional and complementary medicines among patients diagnosed with cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted at Senkatana Oncology clinic in May to June 2023. Cancer patients underwent standardized, quantitative interviews using structured questionnaires about their use of TCM. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. Logistic regression analysis was also used to identify factors associated with satisfaction with the performance of TCM. RESULTS: All interviewed patients (n = 50, 100%) reported to be using TCM. Patients consisted of 24 females (48%) and 26 males (52%) in the age range 14 to 82 years old. The majority of the study population was in the age group 35-44 years old. The most prevalent cancer among participating males was prostate cancer and among females was cervical cancer. Biological products use was the most prominent with the highest average percentage usage (14.7%). The majority of patients (66%, n = 33) indicated that they just wanted to try everything that could help. Patients (n = 47, 94%) further reported that they had been using complementary medicine during the same period as they were using conventional treatment so that both may work to help each other. Neither gender nor age predicted satisfaction with the performance of traditional and complementary medicine. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that all interviewed cancer patients use TCM. Patients indicated that one of the reasons for using TCM was that they wanted to try everything that could help in their cancer care. Patients further reported that they did not inform their oncologist of their concurrent use of TCM because they had been advised not to use other medicines besides what they are given at the clinic.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Neoplasias , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Medicina Tradicional China , Estudios Transversales , Lesotho , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico
5.
Cad Saude Publica ; 40(3): e00092123, 2024.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656067

RESUMEN

This study aims to describe and analyze the medical pluralism and the type of hegemony-subordination relation between forms of care or knowledge in the treatment of a patient with glaucoma to show the articulatory and transactional process between several therapeutic resources and understand which structural elements shaped the treatment itinerary and option. This is a qualitative research that used a narrative case study. To reconstruct the narrative, a semi-structured interview was conducted based on a thematic script previously established by a set of a priori categories to later transcribe the data and perform hermeneutic triangulation. Results showed that the hegemony in medical pluralism was based on equivalence relations, so that the patient replaced the use of pharmacological drugs with alternative medicine treatments. However, the relational process of equivalence developed itself in a context of biomedical significance, in which the treatment or control of intraocular pressure configured the substitution premise. Thus, the processes that triggered the hegemonic relations were constituted by various social, cultural, and economic factors such as unemployment, social security, and gender, which played a fundamental role during the search for care.


Este estudio tiene como objetivo describir y analizar el pluralismo médico y el tipo de relaciones de hegemonía-subalternidad entre diversas formas o saberes de atención, que se desarrollaron en el itinerario terapéutico de una padeciente de glaucoma, para mostrar el proceso articulatorio y transaccional entre distintos recursos terapéuticos, así como comprender qué elementos estructurales configuraron el itinerario y la elección terapéutica. La investigación es cualitativa, un estudio de caso en el cual se utilizó el enfoque narrativo. Para la reconstrucción de la narrativa se realizó una entrevista semiestructurada, dirigida por una guía temática previamente determinada por un conjunto de categorías apriorísticas, para posteriormente transcribir la entrevista y realizar un proceso de triangulación hermenéutica. Los resultados mostraron, en este caso, que la hegemonía en el pluralismo médico se constituyó mediante relaciones de equivalencia, así, la padeciente sustituyó el uso de medicamentos farmacológicos por terapias de medicina alternativa, no obstante, el proceso relacional de equivalencia se desarrolló en un contexto de significación biomédica, en el cual tratar o controlar la presión intraocular fue la premisa del remplazo. Asimismo, los procesos que desencadenaron la presencia de relaciones hegemónicas se constituyeron por diversos factores sociales, culturales y económicos como el desempleo, la seguridad social y el género, que desempeñaron un papel fundamental durante la búsqueda de la atención y del cuidado.


Este estudo visa descrever e analisar o pluralismo médico e o tipo de relação de hegemonia-subalternidade entre diversas formas de atendimento ou conhecimentos, que ocorreram no tratamento de um paciente com glaucoma, com a finalidade de mostrar o processo articulatório e transacional entre diferentes recursos terapêuticos, bem como entender quais elementos estruturais moldaram o itinerário e a opção de tratamento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, que utilizou um estudo de caso com abordagem narrativa. Para a reconstrução da narrativa, foi realizada uma entrevista semiestruturada, com base em um roteiro temático previamente estabelecido por um conjunto de categorias a priori, para posteriormente transcrever os dados e realizar a triangulação hermenêutica. Os resultados mostraram que a hegemonia no pluralismo médico esteve baseada em relações de equivalência, de modo que o paciente substituiu o uso de medicamentos farmacológicos por tratamentos da medicina alternativa; no entanto, o processo relacional de equivalência desenvolveu-se em um contexto de significância biomédica, na qual o tratamento ou controle da pressão intraocular foi a premissa para a substituição. Desse modo, os processos que desencadearam a presença de relações hegemônicas foram constituídos por fatores sociais, culturais e econômicos diversos como desemprego, previdência social e gênero, os quais tiveram papel fundamental durante a busca por atendimento e cuidado.


Asunto(s)
Diversidad Cultural , Glaucoma , Investigación Cualitativa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapias Complementarias , Glaucoma/terapia , Entrevistas como Asunto , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Factores Socioeconómicos
6.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 170, 2024 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649955

RESUMEN

The management of cancer-related symptoms with nonpharmacological treatment has been proven effective, but more studies are still required to strengthen the scientific evidence. Given the state of the evidence, one might wonder about the perceptions of pediatric oncology experts, healthcare providers and CAM providers regarding the use of supportive care in pediatric oncology. Related to this important question, Mora et al. recently published an exploratory qualitative study entitled "Supportive care for cancer-related symptoms in pediatric oncology: a qualitative study among healthcare providers" in the BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies Journal. The data generated by the authors provided new insights and perspectives to the current literature. However, their findings must be put into perspective to increase the scope of the original article and to highlight that physical activity and psychosocial interventions are powerful nonpharmacological interventions to manage cancer-related symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Terapias Complementarias/métodos
7.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(5): 126, 2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652183

RESUMEN

Vitiligo is characterized by skin depigmentation, which can lead to profound psychological effects and decreased quality of life, especially for those with skin of color. Individuals with vitiligo may utilize complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) due to limited treatment options with varying efficacy.An anonymous, multiple-choice, cross-sectional questionnaire was distributed to participants with vitiligo in the United States through online forums. Data on disease characteristics, use of prescription medications, use of topical therapies, supplements, and diets, and perceptions of CAM were collected.In total, 625 respondents completed the survey. Overall, 32.5% of participants (203/625) have tried CAM. Commonly reported CAM include supplements of vitamin D (57.7%, 116/203), vitamin B12 (46.3%, 93/203), vitamin C (27.4%, 55/203), topical Nigella sativa oil (26.4%, 53/203), oral omega-3 fatty acids (24.9%, 50/203), folic acid (22.9%, 46/203), and vitamin E (22.9%, 46/203). Frequently cited reasons for CAM use include desire to try "new" (40.4%, 82/203) or "more natural" (26.6%, 54/203) therapies, "frustration with conventional medicine" (24.6%, 50/203), and fear of "adverse side effects of conventional medicine" (23.6%, 48/203). Non-White participants were more likely than their White counterparts to report CAM use and have more positive perceptions of CAM therapies. Less than half (43.3%, 88/203) of CAM users reported that they disclosed their use of CAM with their physician.Dermatologists should be mindful of CAM and ask patients about their use. Further investigation of the role of CAM as adjuvant therapy for vitiligo is warranted to better advise patients.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Suplementos Dietéticos , Vitíligo , Humanos , Vitíligo/terapia , Vitíligo/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Terapias Complementarias/métodos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Suplementos Dietéticos/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven , Estados Unidos , Anciano , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Pigmentación de la Piel
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(16): e37903, 2024 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640296

RESUMEN

Complementary and alternative medicine-related liver injuries are increasing globally. Alternative medicine, as an inclusive healthcare practice, is widely accepted in developing and underdeveloped countries. In this context, the traditional systems of medicine in India have been at the forefront, catering to the preventive and therapeutic spectrum in the absence of conclusive evidence for benefits and lack of data on safety. Contrary to popular belief, it is evident that apart from adverse events caused by contamination and adulteration of alternative medicines, certain commonly used herbal components have inherent hepatotoxicity. This narrative review updates our current understanding and increasing publications on the liver toxicity potential of commonly used herbs in traditional Indian systems of medicine (Ayush), such as Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.f. & Thomson (Giloy/Guduchi), Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Ashwagandha), Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric), and Psoralea corylifolia L. (Bakuchi/Babchi). This review also highlights the importance of the upcoming liver toxicity profiles associated with other traditional herbs used as dietary supplements, such as Centella asiatica (L.) Urb., Garcinia cambogia Desr., Cassia angustifolia Vahl (Indian senna), and Morinda citrofolia L. (Noni fruit). Fortunately, most reported liver injuries due to these herbs are self-limiting, but can lead to progressive liver dysfunction, leading to acute liver failure or acute chronic liver failure with a high mortality rate. This review also aims to provide adequate knowledge regarding herbalism in traditional practices, pertinent for medical doctors to diagnose, treat, and prevent avoidable liver disease burdens within communities, and improve public health and education.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Terapias Complementarias , Hepatitis , Fallo Hepático Agudo , Humanos , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/etiología
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575380

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The use of herbal medicine as a part of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine is increasing worldwide. Herbal remedies are used to better different conditions including gastritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized control clinical trial on a total sample of 72 patients with gastritis in order to examine the effects of the commercial herbal product Gastro Protect. After 6 weeks of conventional therapy the patients were divided into two groups with 36 patients each. As a continuation of the treatment, Group 1 received conventional therapy + Gastro Protect and Group 2 received conventional therapy + Placebo. We analyzed 14 selected gastrointestinal symptoms, five related to digestive problems, and nine related to stool and bowel problems. For assessing the selected symptoms we used seven point gastrointestinal symptom rating scale (GSRS). RESULTS: The Gastro Protect group had a significantly lower GSRS score (better condition) compared to the Placebo group related to all five selected symptoms of digestive problems as: abdominal pain (p=0.0250), hunger pain (p=0.0276), nausea (p=0.0019), heartburn (p=0.00001), and acid reflux (p=0.0017). The Gastro Protect group, also had a significantly lower GSRS score (better condition) compared to the Placebo group related to three out of nine selected bowel symptoms: rumbling (p=0.0022), abdominal distension (p=0.0029), and gas or flatus (p=0.0039). CONCLUSION: Gastro protect was effective in treating gastritis and other gastrointestinal symptoms. It was safe for usage and showed almost no side effects. In our study, Gastro Protect reduced the examined gastric symptoms and related examined intestinal symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Gastritis , Reflujo Gastroesofágico , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Reflujo Gastroesofágico/tratamiento farmacológico , Gastritis/diagnóstico , Gastritis/tratamiento farmacológico
10.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 20(6): 170-173, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514292

RESUMEN

Across the world traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) product use is prevalent with some countries reporting greater than 50% of the population using these products. T&CM products are primarily self-selected through retail outlets including pharmacies. Pharmacists across the world generally agree they should play a role in ensuring the appropriate and safe use of T&CM products but report being time and resource poor to do so. In this commentary, it is proposed that pharmacy technicians as members of the pharmacy workforce, who with adequate education, and supportive technologies could support pharmacists in providing guidance to consumers and patients about the appropriate and safe use of T&CM products. Pharmacy technicians play a crucial role in the pharmacy workforce, serving as integral members of healthcare teams fulfilling a wide array of tasks essential for the efficient functioning of pharmacies and ensuring the safe dispensation of medications. They have been described by pharmacists as the "the face of the pharmacy" in the community setting and relied on not only for mitigating and triaging problems, but also be primarily responsible for developing rapport, eliciting trust and even loyalty from pharmacy patrons. As such, there is a momentous opportunity for pharmacy technicians to play a role in providing T&CM advice and triaging the need for pharmacists' intervention where harm, or risk of is identified.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Terapias Complementarias , Farmacéuticos , Técnicos de Farmacia , Rol Profesional , Humanos , Farmacéuticos/organización & administración , Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia/organización & administración , Medicina Tradicional
11.
Epilepsy Behav ; 154: 109761, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547768

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research is to examine the usage of Complementary and Integrated Medicine (CIM) in individuals with epilepsy and the impact of CIM usage on medication adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in a university hospital in northern Turkey between July and October 2023, involving 101 individuals with epilepsy (PWE). Descriptive information forms and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-4 (MMS-4) were used as data collection tools. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, and post-hoc LSD analyses were employed for data evaluation. RESULTS: The participants consisted of 65.3 % males, 25.7 % were not working due to epilepsy, and 61.4 % with generalized epilepsy. The average MMS-4 score was found to be 3.08 ± 0.96. MMS-4 scores showed significant differences based on epilepsy type (F = 3.998, p = 0.021; η2 = 0.07). 76.2 % (n = 21) of the participants who used at least one CIM technique preferred "having a religious person read a prayer." CONCLUSION: Medication adherence in PWE was at a moderate level. Individuals with focal and secondary generalized epilepsy showed better medication adherence compared to those with generalized types. Of those participant who used at least one CIM technique to improve their general health or control seizures, the most common was "having a religious person read a prayer."


Asunto(s)
Anticonvulsivantes , Terapias Complementarias , Epilepsia , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Cumplimiento de la Medicación/estadística & datos numéricos , Cumplimiento de la Medicación/psicología , Adulto , Epilepsia/tratamiento farmacológico , Epilepsia/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapéutico , Turquía , Adolescente , Anciano
12.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542726

RESUMEN

(1) Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has seen a notable increase in popularity. However, there is an absence of data regarding the prevalence of CAM use in patients with rare bone diseases (RBDs). (2) Methods: This monocentric, cross-sectional study was carried out in a reference hospital for RBDs. RBD patients included individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta, hypophosphatasia and X-linked hypophosphatemia, and their data were compared with those of patients with osteoporosis (OPO) and of healthy controls (CON). This study utilized the German version (I-CAM-G) of the I-CAM questionnaire. (3) Results: This study comprised 50 RBD patients [mean age (SD) of 48.8 (±15.9), 26% male], 51 OPO patients [66.6 (±10.0), 9.8% male] and 52 controls [50.8 (±16.3), 26.9% male]. Treatments by naturopaths/healers were more prevalent in the RBD group (11.4%) compared with OPO (0%) and CON (5.8%) (p = 0.06). More than half of the OPO (60.8%) and CON (63.5%) patients and 46% of the RBD patients reported vitamin/mineral intake within the past 12 months (p = 0.16). Individuals with tertiary education had a significantly higher odds ratio of 2.64 (95% CI: 1.04-6.70, p = 0.04) for visiting any CAM provider. Further, OPO patients were significantly less likely to use self-help techniques compared with the CON group (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.19-0.95; p = 0.04). (4) Conclusions: Herbal medicine, vitamin and mineral supplements, and self-help techniques were the most common forms of CAM reported by patients with RBDs. However, the use of CAM was generally low.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Osteoporosis , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Terapias Complementarias/métodos , Osteoporosis/terapia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vitaminas , Minerales
13.
Pediatrics ; 153(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523592

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Effective treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is essential to improving youth outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review provides an overview of the available treatment options. DATA SOURCES: We identified controlled treatment evaluations in 12 databases published from 1980 to June 2023; treatments were not restricted by intervention content. STUDY SELECTION: Studies in children and adolescents with clinically diagnosed ADHD, reporting patient health and psychosocial outcomes, were eligible. Publications were screened by trained reviewers, supported by machine learning. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were abstracted and critically appraised by 1 reviewer and checked by a methodologist. Data were pooled using random-effects models. Strength of evidence and applicability assessments followed Evidence-based Practice Center standards. RESULTS: In total, 312 studies reported in 540 publications were included. We grouped evidence for medication, psychosocial interventions, parent support, nutrition and supplements, neurofeedback, neurostimulation, physical exercise, complementary medicine, school interventions, and provider approaches. Several treatments improved ADHD symptoms. Medications had the strongest evidence base for improving outcomes, including disruptive behaviors and broadband measures, but were associated with adverse events. LIMITATIONS: We found limited evidence of studies comparing alternative treatments directly and indirect analyses identified few systematic differences across stimulants and nonstimulants. Identified combination of medication with youth-directed psychosocial interventions did not systematically produce better results than monotherapy, though few combinations have been evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: A growing number of treatments are available that improve ADHD symptoms and other outcomes, in particular for school-aged youth. Medication therapies remain important treatment options but are associated with adverse events.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central , Terapias Complementarias , Niño , Adolescente , Humanos , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/diagnóstico , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/terapia , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/inducido químicamente , Estimulantes del Sistema Nervioso Central/uso terapéutico , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 31(1): 87-93, 2024 Mar 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549481

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Cyberchondria has been described relatively recently as a behaviour characterized by excessive Internet searching for medical information related to increasing levels of health anxiety. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) refers to a broad set of health care practices that are not part of a country's traditional or conventional medicine, and are not fully integrated into the dominant health care system The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between cyberchondria and the use of complementary and alternative medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 25 April - 25 December 2022. A computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI) survey technique was used. The study population consisted of 626 respondents who took part in the study. RESULTS: The severity of cyberchondria is associated with 'a greater number of CAM products used' (beta = 0.101; p = 0.043), 'a greater number of self-help techniques used' (beta = 0.210; p<0.001), searching for knowledge about CAM on the Internet (beta-0.199; p<0.001), using sources other than books (beta = -0.114; p = 0.025), younger age (beta = -0.170; p<0.001) and worse education (beta = -0.101; p = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: The research results indicate that there is a link between cyberchondria and the use of CAM. However, since some components of the CSS-PL scale and self-rated health were not associated with more frequent use of CAM, it is likely that these results may not be fully reliable. The association between cyberchondria and CAM use should be investigated in further studies using comprehensive medical interviews.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Ansiedad , Terapias Complementarias , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Ansiedad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Internet
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 231, 2024 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538810

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of complementary and alternative treatments on postoperative pain following lower third molar surgeries. METHODS: A comprehensive search of Electronic databases (Embase, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Cochrane Library) and grey literature was conducted up until May 2022. Randomized clinical trials investigating the effect of acupuncture, ozone therapy, laser (LLLT), drainage tube, kinesio-taping, ice therapy, and compressions on pain after LTM surgeries were included. The estimated mean differences (MD) for alternative therapies were pooled using the frequentist approach to random-model network meta-analysis NMA. RESULTS: Eighty-two papers were included in the qualitative analysis; 33 of them were included in the quantitative analyzes. NMA revealed that drainage tube and kinesio-taping were superior in controlling pain 24-hours postoperatively than no-treatment. At 48-hours follow-up, kinesio-taping and LLLT more effective than placebo and drainage tube; and kinesio-taping and LLLT were superior to no treatment. At 72 h postoperatively, ozone therapy was superior to placebo; and drainage tube, kinesio-taping, and LLLT were better than no treatment. At 7-days follow-up, ozone and LLLT were superior to placebo; and LLLT and kinesio-taping were superior to no treatment. The SUCRA-ranking placed drainage tube as top-ranking intervention at 48-hours (98.2%) and 72-hours (96%) follow-ups, and ozone (83.5%) at 7-days follow-up. CONCLUSION: The study findings suggest that these alternative and complementary therapies may be useful in reducing postoperative pain after LTM surgeries, and may offer advantages when combined to traditional pain management methods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Non-pharmacological therapies are gaining popularity among healthcare professionals and patients. This study found that some of these therapies, specifically kinesio-taping and drainage tube were effective in controlling postoperative pain after third molar surgeries. These findings have important implications for clinical practice, as they highlight the potential benefits of incorporating these therapies into postoperative pain management plans.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Ozono , Humanos , Manejo del Dolor , Tercer Molar/cirugía , Metaanálisis en Red , Dolor Postoperatorio/terapia , Ozono/uso terapéutico
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(11): e37480, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489718

RESUMEN

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common symptom among patients with cancer, with a prevalence of >49%. CRF significantly affects the quality of life of patients and may also affect their overall survival. Pharmacological interventions serve as a last resort after carefully weighing the risks and benefits, with limited benefits for patients, many side effects, and adverse reactions. Compared to traditional medicine, nutritional approaches have fewer side effects, are highly accepted by patients, and do not affect the antitumor treatment of patients. Many studies have shown that nutritional approaches, as a form of complementary and alternative medicine, help improve the symptoms of CRF and the quality of life of patients. This study was designed to examine nutritional approaches to CRF and assess their effectiveness of nutritional approaches in improving CRF. We present an overview of clinical trials investigating nutritional approaches for CRF that have been published over the last 2 decades. A total of 33 records were obtained from 3 databases: Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PubMed. Some nutritional approaches, such as melatonin, PG2, and S-adenosyl-l-methionine, are potential options for CRF treatment. However, the trials included in the review varied widely in quality, most were weak in methodology, and there is currently insufficient evidence to conclude with certainty the effectiveness of nutritional approaches in reducing CRF. Therefore, the design and methods used in future complementary and alternative medicine trials should be more rigorous.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Neoplasias , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Neoplasias/terapia , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/terapia
17.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(2): 408-416, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504548

RESUMEN

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a common manifestation of sepsis, ranging from mild confusion and delirium to severe cognitive impairment and deep coma. SAE is associated with higher mortality and long-term outcomes, particularly substantial declines in cognitive function. The mechanisms of SAE probably include neuroinflammation that is mediated by systemic inflammation and ischemic lesions in the brain, a disrupted blood-brain barrier, oxidative stress, neurotransmitter dysfunction, and severe microglial activation. Increasing evidence suggests that complementary and alternative medicine, especially Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), is favorable in alleviating cognitive decline after sepsis. Here, we summarized the studies of traditional herbal remedies, TCM formulas and acupuncture therapy in animal models of neurological dysfunctions after sepsis in recent decades and reviewed their potential mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva , Terapias Complementarias , Sepsis , Animales , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias , Sepsis/complicaciones , Sepsis/terapia , Disfunción Cognitiva/etiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/terapia , Cognición
19.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 78(4): 862-870, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426724

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The impact of disease burden extends beyond pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients to include their parents. Previous studies, predating the biologic era, have highlighted parental concerns about potential side effects associated with IBD medications. However, there is a notable gap in the literature regarding parents' perceptions of clinical studies involving pediatric IBD patients. This study aims to explore the specific concerns troubling parents of children with IBD, identifying factors influencing these concerns, and assesses parental willingness to allow their child's participation in clinical studies. METHODS: Utilizing social media, we disseminated an anonymous questionnaire to parents of pediatric IBD patients. The questionnaire encompassed queries about parental willingness for their child to partake in clinical studies, aspects of the disease deemed bothersome, and the sense of coherence scale (SOC). RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 101 parents, with a mean age of 46.4, of whom 82.2% were female. Concerns about potential future side effects of their child's medications surpassed worries about disease symptoms (80.04% vs. 73.47%). Linear regression analysis revealed that parents with lower SOC scores, limited medical care accessibility, and a higher age of the child at diagnosis, exhibited heightened concerns about the future impact of the disease on their child (p = 0.016, 0.003, and 0.045, respectively). While a majority rejected participation in studies involving new medications (54.5%), there was greater agreement for studies on nutritional therapies (84.2%) and complementary medicine (91.1%). Classification tree analysis indicated that women were more inclined to permit their child's participation in studies focusing on complementary medicine (adjusted p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Parents of IBD patients express greater apprehension about potential side effects from IBD medications and display reluctance toward their child participating in clinical studies related to medications.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Padres , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Costo de Enfermedad
20.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 24(1): 131, 2024 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521924

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a critical pro-inflammatory cytokine, and its abnormal production is associated with several immune mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). Biological anti-TNF-α therapy includes treatment with monoclonal antibodies such as infliximab which have proven successful and are well-tolerated in most patients. Unfortunately, some patients may not respond to therapy (primary non-responders) or may lose sensitivity to the biological agent over time (early and late secondary non-responders). Natural products can reduce inflammation and act synergistically with small molecules or biologics, although evidence remains limited. This study aimed to investigate whether complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) could play a role in infliximab non-responders. Reportedly, cinnamon can help manage chronic inflammatory conditions owing to its anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS: We studied the synergistic effects of cinnamon and infliximab in vitro using a two-step approach. First, we investigated whether cinnamon and infliximab act synergistically. Second, we selected conditions that supported statistically significant synergy with infliximab and studied the mRNA expression of several genes involved in non-response to infliximab. We used aqueous cinnamon extract (aCE) from Cinnamomum cassia, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, and Cinnamomum loureiroi and bioactive trans-cinnamaldehyde (TCA), cinnamic acid (CA), and eugenol to study the synergy between infliximab and aCE/bioactive compounds using bioassays in fibroblast (L929) and monocytic (U937) cell lines, followed by qPCR for molecular-level insights. TCA, C. cassia aCE, and C. zeylanicum aCE demonstrated a dose-dependent synergistic effect with infliximab. Moreover, we saw differential gene expression for adhesion molecules, apoptotic factors, signaling molecules, and matrix remodelers in presence and absence of aCE/bioactives. RESULTS: CAM supplementation was most effective with C. cassia aCE, where a synergistic effect was observed for all the tested genes specifically for MMP-1, BcL-xL, Bax and JAK2, followed by TCA, which affected most of the tested genes except TLR-2, MMP1, MMP3, TIMP-1, and BAX, and C. zeylanicum aCE, which did not affect ICAM-1, VCAM-1, TLR-2, TLR-4, MMP1, MMP3, TIMP-1, and STAT3. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, cinnamon acted synergistically with infliximab to mitigate inflammation when used as an extract. Purified bioactive TCA also showed synergistic activity. Thus, aCE, or cinnamon bioactive may be used as a CAM to improve patients' quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Infliximab/farmacología , Metaloproteinasa 1 de la Matriz , Metaloproteinasa 3 de la Matriz , Inhibidor Tisular de Metaloproteinasa-1 , Inhibidores del Factor de Necrosis Tumoral , Receptor Toll-Like 2 , Calidad de Vida , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2 , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Inflamación
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