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1.
Public Health Nutr ; 27(1): e127, 2024 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654693

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Several meta-analyses have suggested the beneficial effect of vitamin D on patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. This umbrella meta-analysis aims to evaluate influence of vitamin D supplementation on clinical outcomes and the mortality rate of COVID-19 patients. DESIGN: Present study was designed as an umbrella meta-analysis. The following international databases were systematically searched till March 2023: Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. SETTINGS: Random-effects model was employed to perform meta-analysis. Using AMSTAR critical evaluation tools, the methodological quality of the included meta-analyses was evaluated. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients suffering from COVID-19 were studied. RESULTS: Overall, 13 meta-analyses summarising data from 4 randomised controlled trial and 9 observational studies were identified in this umbrella review. Our findings revealed that vitamin D supplementation and status significantly reduced mortality of COVID-19 [Interventional studies: (ES = 0·42; 95 % CI: 0·10, 0·75, P < 0·001; I2 = 20·4 %, P = 0·285) and observational studies (ES = 1·99; 95 % CI: 1·37, 2·62, P < 0·001; I2 = 00·0 %, P = 0·944). Also, vitamin D deficiency increased the risk of infection and disease severity among patients. CONCLUSION: Overall, vitamin D status is a critical factor influencing the mortality rate, disease severity, admission to intensive care unit and being detached from mechanical ventilation. It is vital to monitor the vitamin D status in all patients with critical conditions including COVID patients.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Cuidados Críticos , Suplementos Dietéticos , Estudios Observacionales como Asunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Vitamina D , Adulto , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidad , Tratamiento Farmacológico de COVID-19 , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Vitamina D/sangre , Vitamina D/administración & dosificación , Deficiencia de Vitamina D/complicaciones , Vitaminas/administración & dosificación , Vitaminas/uso terapéutico
2.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 63(3): 103922, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664087

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse outcomes and prolonged hospitalizations in critically ill patients. Regarding the recent adoption of restrictive transfusion protocols in intensive care unit (ICU) management, anemia remains highly prevalent even after ICU discharge. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia following ICU discharge and factors affecting recovery from anemia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study involving 3969 adult ICU survivors, we assessed anemia severity using the National Cancer Institute criteria at six time points: ICU admission, ICU discharge, hospital discharge, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month post-hospital discharge. In addition, baseline characteristics, including age, sex, comorbidities, and recent iron supplementation or erythropoietin administration, were evaluated. RESULTS: Our findings revealed an in-hospital mortality rate of 28.6%. The median hospital and ICU stays were 20 and 5 days, respectively, with common comorbidities including hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Among the patients, the hemoglobin levels of 3967 patients were confirmed at the time of discharge from the ICU, representing 99.95% of the total. The prevalence of anemia persisted post- ICU discharge; less than 30% of patients recovered, whereas 13.6% of them experienced worsening of anemia post-ICU discharge. Factors contributing to anemia severity were female sex, DM, chronic renal failure, malignant solid tumors, and administration of iron supplements. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the need for targeted interventions to manage anemia post-ICU discharge and suggested potential factors that influence recovery from anemia.


Asunto(s)
Anemia , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anemia/epidemiología , Anemia/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Anciano , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Adulto
3.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1332425, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655258

RESUMEN

Objective: Spirulina (arthrospira platensis) is a cyanobacterium proven to have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antioxidant effects. However, the effect of high-dose Spirulina supplementation on hospitalized adults with COVID-19 is currently unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose Spirulina platensis for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Study Design: We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label trial involving 189 patients with COVID-19 who were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group that received 15.2g of Spirulina supplement plus standard treatment (44 non-intensive care unit (non-ICU) and 47 ICU), or to a control group that received standard treatment alone (46 non-ICU and 52 ICU). The study was conducted over six days. Immune mediators were monitored on days 1, 3, 5, and 7. The primary outcome of this study was mortality or hospital discharge within seven days, while the overall discharge or mortality was considered the secondary outcome. Results: Within seven days, there were no deaths in the Spirulina group, while 15 deaths (15.3%) occurred in the control group. Moreover, within seven days, there was a greater number of patients discharged in the Spirulina group (97.7%) in non-ICU compared to the control group (39.1%) (HR, 6.52; 95% CI, 3.50 to 12.17). Overall mortality was higher in the control group (8.7% non-ICU, 28.8% ICU) compared to the Spirulina group (non-ICU HR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.97; ICU, HR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.48). In non-ICU, patients who received Spirulina showed a significant reduction in the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, and IP-10 as intervention time increased. Furthermore, in ICU, patients who received Spirulina showed a significant decrease in the levels of MIP-1α and IL-6. IFN-γ levels were significantly higher in the intervention group in both ICU and non-ICU subgroups as intervention time increased. No side effects related to Spirulina supplements were observed during the trial. Conclusion: High-dose Spirulina supplements coupled with the standard treatment of COVID-19 may improve recovery and remarkably reduce mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Clinical Trial Registration: https://irct.ir/trial/54375, Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials number (IRCT20210216050373N1).


Asunto(s)
Tratamiento Farmacológico de COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Suplementos Dietéticos , SARS-CoV-2 , Spirulina , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/inmunología , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/inmunología , Anciano , Hospitalización , Adulto , Resultado del Tratamiento , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Citocinas/sangre
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(12): e37498, 2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518027

RESUMEN

To reveal the key factors influencing the progression of severe COVID-19 to critical illness and death in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to accurately predict the risk, as well as to validate the efficacy of treatment using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), thus providing valuable recommendations for the clinical management of patients. A total of 189 patients with COVID-19 in 25 ICUs in Chongqing, China, were enrolled, and 16 eventually died. Statistical models shown that factors influencing the progression of COVID-19 to critical illness include the severity of illness at diagnosis, the mode of respiratory support, and the use of TCM. Risk factors for death include a history of metabolic disease, the use of antiviral drugs and TCM, and invasive endotracheal intubation. The area under curve of the noncollinearity model predicted the risk of progression to critical illness and the risk of death reached 0.847 and 0.876, respectively. The use of TCM is an independent protective factor for the prevention of the progression of severe COVID-19, while uncorrectable hypoxemia and invasive respiratory support are independent risk factors, and antiviral drugs can help reduce mortality. The multifactorial prediction model can assess the risk of critical illness and death in ICU COVID-19 patients, and inform clinicians in choosing the treatment options and medications.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/terapia , Medicina Tradicional China , Enfermedad Crítica/terapia , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Antivirales
5.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 44(2): 381-387, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504544

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Qidong Huoxue decoction (,QDHX) in treating acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) when used as an adjunctive treatment. METHODS: ALI/ARDS patients admitted to our medical intensive care unit were randomly allocated to the control group or the QDHX group and received standard therapy. The QDHX group received QDHX (50 mL per day for 14 d) orally or via a gastric tube. The primary outcome was measured according to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome scores, with partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) levels as the secondary outcome. RESULTS: A total of 73 patients completed the study (36 in the TCM and 37 in the conventional group), and their records were analyzed. After 14-d treatment, the TCM group showed a significant decrease in TCM syndrome scores (P < 0.05) and increased PaO2/FiO2 levels (P < 0.05). The therapeutic effect of integrated Chinese and western medicine was more significant than that of Western Medicine alone. No serious side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our study results show that QDHX in combination with conventional drug therapy can significantly reduce some clinical symptoms in patients with ALI/ARDS.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Pulmonar Aguda , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria , Humanos , Lesión Pulmonar Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome de Dificultad Respiratoria/tratamiento farmacológico , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Oxígeno
6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541190

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: According to the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3), sepsis is defined as "life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection". The increased presence of free radicals causes an increase in oxidative stress. Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble vitamin with antioxidant activity and immunoregulatory effects that plays a potential role in the treatment of bacterial infections. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of adding vitamin C to the conventional treatment of sepsis to decrease its mortality rate. Materials and Methods: In a prospective cohort study, we included patients with a diagnosis of sepsis and a SOFA score ≥ 9 who were evaluated in an Intensive Care Unit at a secondary-care hospital. According to the intensive care specialist, they were treated using two different strategies: Group 1-patients with sepsis treated with conventional treatment without vitamin C; Group 2-patients with sepsis with the addition of vitamin C to conventional treatment. Results: We included 34 patients with sepsis. The incidence of mortality was 38%, and 47% of patients used vitamin C as an adjuvant to the basic treatment of sepsis. In the basal analyses, patients treated with use of vitamin C compared to patients treated without vitamin C required less use of glucocorticoids (75% vs. 100%, p = 0.039). At follow-up, patients treated without vitamin C had higher mortality than patients treated with vitamin C as an adjuvant for the treatment of sepsis (55.6% vs. 18.8%, p = 0.03). We observed that the use of vitamin C was a protective factor for mortality in patients with sepsis (RR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.31-0.96, p = 0.03). Conclusions: The use of vitamin C as an adjuvant to treatment decreases the risk of mortality by 46% in patients with sepsis and SOFA ≥ 9 compared to patients treated without vitamin C as an adjuvant to sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Ascórbico , Sepsis , Humanos , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapéutico , Estudios Prospectivos , Puntuaciones en la Disfunción de Órganos , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Vitaminas
7.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 131-135, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432794

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case is to describe an outpatient treatment course using previously published systemic manual therapy protocol to treat a 65-year-old patient who, after prolonged COVID-related intubation, presented with polyneuropathy, organ failure and other residuals. DESIGN: A single-subject case study. METHODS: Review of clinical records and follow-up interview. RESULTS: The patient identified problem scale (PIP) had improved from a high score of 52 to 11; QUICKDASH score improved from 68 to 16. All individual problems had either resolved or remained at a minimal level and the patient had generally returned to his prior level of function including return to work. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: It appears that Despite factors such as age, length of ICU stay, length of symptoms before initiation of physical therapy, and complicated hospital stay including multiple organ failure, after receiving physical therapy consists of the systemic manual therapy protocols, the patient rapidly improved during the outpatient episode.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Manipulaciones Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Anciano , Cognición , Tiempo de Internación , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
8.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 35(1): 13-22, ene.-mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-550

RESUMEN

Introducción La púrpura fulminante (PF) es una complicación grave de la sepsis resultado de un conjunto de alteraciones caracterizadas por el desarrollo de lesiones hemorrágicas equimóticas y necrosis de la piel. Objetivo Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la aplicación tópica de un compuesto de ácidos grasos hiperoxigenados (AGHO) en la microcirculación de la PF en pacientes pediátricos afectados de sepsis. Material y métodos Se llevó a cabo un estudio prospectivo cuasiexperimental pretest-posttest de un solo grupo en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátrica (UCIP). Se incluyeron en el estudio pacientes con PF de 0 a 18 años. Para evaluar la efectividad del producto objeto de evaluación en la microcirculación de las lesiones por PF se determinaron los valores de oximetría somática antes y después de la aplicación de AGHO cada 4h durante los 3 primeros días de ingreso de los pacientes. Resultados Se reclutaron 4 pacientes, con una mediana de edad de 98 meses. Las lesiones purpúricas que se midieron estaban ubicadas, sobre todo, en ambos pies y manos y, en 2 pacientes, también en los maléolos laterales y gemelos de ambas extremidades inferiores. Se obtuvieron un total de 225 mediciones, observando unas puntuaciones medias preintervención de 71,17±15,65% versus los 73,68±14,83% postintervención. Se objetivó significación estadística (p<0,001) al comparar las mediciones pre- y postintervención. Conclusiones La aplicación precoz y continuada de AGHO en el manejo de la PF por sepsis es una práctica eficaz y segura en los casos de población pediátrica analizada. En más de la mitad de los episodios analizados se objetivó un aumento de microcirculación tisular tras la aplicación de los AGHO, sin eventos adversos. (AU)


Introduction Purpura fulminans (PF) is a serious complication of sepsis resulting from a set of alterations characterised by the development of ecchymotic haemorrhagic lesions and skin necrosis. Aim To analyse the efficacy and safety of the topical application of HOFA compound, in the cutaneous microcirculation of PF lesions in paediatric patients affected by sepsis. Material and methods A prospective quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test single-group conducted in a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit of a third level hospital was performed. Paediatric patients aged 0-18 years with sepsis were included. Somatic oximetry values were measured before and after application of HOFAs every 4hours over the first three days of the patients’ hospitalisation. Patient's socio-demographic and clinical variables and somatic oximetry by placing a sensor for measuring tissue perfusion on the area with PF were determined. Results Four patients were recruited, with a median age of 98 months. The purpuric lesions measured were mainly located on both feet and hands and, in two patients, also on the lateral malleoli and calves of both lower extremities. A total of 225 measurements were obtained, with mean pre-intervention scores of 71.17±15.65% versus 73.68±14.83% post-intervention. Statistical significance (p<0.001) was observed upon comparison of the pre- and post-intervention measurements. Conclusions Early and continued application of HOFAs in the management of sepsis-induced PF is an effective and safe practice in the cases analysed. In more than half of the episodes analysed, an increase in tissue microcirculation was observed after the application of HOFAs, with no adverse events. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Recién Nacido , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Púrpura Fulminante/tratamiento farmacológico , Pediatría , Cuidados Críticos , Sepsis , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Estudios Prospectivos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados no Aleatorios como Asunto
9.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 35(1): 45-72, ene.-mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-553

RESUMEN

IntroducciónLa guía clínica para el manejo de la sepsis recomienda usar muestras de sangre arterial para el control glucémico. Un estudio multicéntrico en 86 unidades de cuidados intensivos españolas reveló que el 85,4% de estas utilizaban punción capilar.ObjetivoAnalizar la fiabilidad de la glucemia comparando diferentes muestras sanguíneas (arterial, venosa, capilar) e instrumentos (glucómetros, gasómetros, laboratorio central). Secundariamente, estimar el efecto de variables confusoras y el rendimiento de los instrumentos de medición determinados por las diferentes normas de calidad.MetodologíaRevisión sistemática y metanálisis con búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, CINAHL y Embase en septiembre-2021 y septiembre-2022, sin límites temporales ni idiomáticos. Fuentes de literatura gris: DART-Europe, OpenGrey y Google Académico. Resultados resumidos mediante síntesis cualitativa (descripción de resultados, características de los estudios) y cuantitativa (metanálisis para evaluar la diferencia de medias estandarizadas). Calidad metodológica de artículos evaluada con Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2. Protocolo: https://osf.io/ DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/T8KYP.ResultadosSe incluyeron un total de 32 artículos y 5.451 pacientes. No se obtuvieron discrepancias entre muestras arteriales con glucómetro vs. laboratorio (sesgo [IC95%]: 0,01 [−0,12 a 0,14] mg/dL). En cambio, muestras arteriales con gasómetro sí sobreestimaron de forma significativa (sesgo [IC95%]: 0,12 [0,01 a 0,24] mg/dL). La misma tendencia presentan capilares con glucómetro, aunque no de forma significativa (sesgo [IC95%]: 0,07 [−0,02 a 0,15] mg/dL). Hay discrepancia entre los estudios sobre el efecto del hematocrito y el equilibrio ácido-base. El mayor consenso se da en la poca concordancia del glucómetro con muestras capilares vs. laboratorio en presencia de shock y soporte vasopresor, situación de fallo renal o durante el tratamiento con vitamina C.Conclusiones... (AU)


IntroductionThe clinical guideline for the management of sepsis recommends using arterial blood samples for glycaemic control. A multicentre study in 86 Spanish intensive care units revealed that 85.4% of these used capillary puncture.ObjectiveTo analyse the reliability of glycaemia by comparing different blood samples (arterial, venous, capillary) and instruments (glucometers, gasometers, central laboratory). Secondarily, to estimate the effect of confounding variables and the performance of measuring instruments as determined by different quality standards.MethodologySystematic review and meta-analysis with search in PubMed, CINAHL and Embase databases in September-2021 and September-2022, with no time or language limits. Grey literature sources: DART-Europe, OpenGrey and Google Scholar. Results summarised by qualitative (description of results, study characteristics) and quantitative (meta-analysis to assess standardised mean difference) synthesis. Methodological quality of articles assessed with Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2. Protocol: https://osf.io/ DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/T8KYP.ResultsA total of 32 articles and 5451 patients were included. No discrepancies were obtained between arterial glucometer vs. laboratory samples (bias [95%CI]: 0.01 [−0.12 to 0.14] mg/dL). In contrast, arterial samples with a gasometer did significantly overestimate (bias [95%CI]: 0.12 [0.01 to 0.24] mg/dL). The same trend is seen in capillaries with a glucometer, although not significantly (bias [95%CI]: 0.07 [−0.02 to 0.15] mg/dL). There is discrepancy between studies on the effect of haematocrit and acid-base balance. The greatest consensus is on the poor agreement of glucometer with capillary vs. laboratory samples in the presence of shock and vasopressor support, renal failure or during vitamin C treatment.Conclusions... (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , /métodos , /estadística & datos numéricos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Enfermedad Crítica , Exactitud de los Datos , España
11.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(1): 62-66, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38404274

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the application effect of information-guided enteral nutrition-associated diarrhea (ENAD) management process in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing non-invasive assisted ventilation. METHODS: A mixed cohort study of pre- and post-control was conducted. Thirty-nine patients with COPD who were admitted to the emergency intensive care unit (ICU) of Huzhou First People's Hospital from July 1, 2021 to July 31, 2022 were enrolled. Taking the completion of the software development of ENAD management software for critically ill patients on January 28, 2022 as the time node, 20 patients admitted from July 1, 2021 to January 28, 2022 were set as the control group, and 19 patients admitted from January 29 to July 31, 2022 were set as the observation group. The two groups of patients received the same enteral nutrition support treatment, and the control group implemented the conventional ENAD treatment process with enteral nutrition intolerance disposal process as the core. On the basis of the control group, the observation group implemented the information-guided ENAD treatment process, and the system software actively captured the information of ENAD patients and reminded the medical team to improve the patient's diarrhea-related examination and provide alternative treatment plans. The duration of antidiarrhea, feeding interruption rate, and energy and protein intake, blood biochemical indexes, incidence of abnormal blood electrolyte metabolism, daily continuous non-invasive assisted ventilation and endotracheal intubation after 7 days of targeted diarrhea intervention were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Except for the basal pulse rate, there were no significant differences in gender distribution, age, and vital signs, basic nutritional status, arterial blood gas analysis and blood biochemistry at admission between the two groups, indicating comparability between the two groups. When ENAD occurred, the patients in the observation group obtained earlier cessation of diarrhea than those in the control group [days: 3.00 (2.00, 3.25) vs. 4.00 (3.00, 5.00), P < 0.01], and the feeding interruption rate was significantly lower than that in the control group [10.53% (2/19) vs. 65.00% (13/20), P < 0.01]. After 7 days of diarrhea intervention, the energy intake of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group [kJ×kg-1×d-1: 66.28 (43.34, 70.36) vs. 47.88 (34.60, 52.32), P < 0.01], the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), albumin (Alb) and serum prealbumin (PAB) were significantly higher than those in the control group [Hb (g/L): 119.79±10.04 vs. 110.20±7.75, Alb (g/L): 36.00 (33.75, 37.25) vs. 31.00 (30.00, 33.00), PAB (mg/L): 155.79±25.78 vs. 140.95±14.97, all P < 0.05], the daily continuous non-invasive assisted ventilation duration was significantly shorter than that of the control group [hours: 14 (12, 16) vs. 16 (14, 18), P < 0.01], and the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) was significantly lower than that of the control group [mmHg (1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa): 66.00 (62.00, 70.00) vs. 68.00 (67.50, 70.05), P < 0.05]. However, there were no significant differences in protein intake, incidence of abnormal electrolyte metabolism, and incidence of endotracheal intubation due to acute respiratory failure between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The information-guided ENAD treatment process can enable the COPD patients undergoing continuous non-invasive assisted ventilation who experience ENAD to receive earlier cessation of diarrhea, and improve the protein energy metabolism and respiratory function of the patients.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Respiración Artificial , Humanos , Nutrición Enteral , Estudios de Cohortes , Estado Nutricional , Estudios Prospectivos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/terapia , Electrólitos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
12.
Res Theory Nurs Pract ; 38(1): 72-90, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350691

RESUMEN

Background and purpose: Although the transition process to motherhood of mothers who gave birth preterm has been examined using other theories, no studies have yet utilized Meleis's Transition Theory (TT). The aim of this study was to examine the transition process of mothers who gave birth preterm according to Meleis's TT. Methods: This study is a holistic single-pattern qualitative case study. The qualitative research paradigm was used based on the 32-item Qualitative Research Reporting Consolidated Criteria checklist, a guide for qualitative studies. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 10 preterm mothers using a semistructured interview form between February 2019 and December 2021. The thematic analysis analysis method was used for the data obtained. After the data were transcribed, all the documents were read, and the data were deciphered. Using the notes, the codings were themed as titles and subtitles according to Meleis' TT. Results: Three main themes were determined using Meleis' TT: facilitators and inhibitors of the transition process, response patterns to motherhood, and nursing care. Visiting the baby in the intensive care unit, touching, and expressing milk for the baby were found to be important milestones in the mothers' transition process. Conclusion: Mothers faced numerous problems after premature birth and required support to cope with the transition process. They attempted to adapt to the transition to motherhood with the support of nurses, husbands, and families. Implications for practice: The researchers stated that may assist a healthy transition process by supporting health professionals to understand the problems faced by mothers during the transition to motherhood and to provide nursing care according to mothers' needs.


Asunto(s)
Nacimiento Prematuro , Embarazo , Recién Nacido , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Periodo Posparto , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Investigación Cualitativa
13.
Epidemiol Infect ; 152: e62, 2024 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326273

RESUMEN

This study examined the association between the number of nursing staff in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) among surgical patients in South Korea. Data were obtained between 2008 and 2019 from the Korean National Health Insurance Service Cohort Database; 37,706 surgical patients who received critical care services were included in the analysis. Patients with a history of pneumonia 1 year prior to surgery or those who had undergone lung-related surgery were excluded. The ICU nursing management fee is an admission fee that varies based on the grading determined by nurse-to-bed ratio. Using this grading system, we classified four groups from the highest to the lowest level based on the proportion of beds to nurses (high, high-mid, mid-low, and low group). HAP was defined by the International Classification of Disease, 10th revision (ICD-10) code. Multilevel logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between the level of ICU nurse staffing and pneumonia, controlling for variables at the individual and hospital levels. Lower levels of nurse staffing were associated with a greater incidence of HAP than higher levels of nurse staffing (mid-high, OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.12-1.57; mid-low, OR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.27-2.04; low, OR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.67-2.71). The intraclass correlation coefficient value was 0.177, and 17.7% of the variability in HAP was accounted for by the hospital. Higher ICU nursing management fee grades (grade 5 and above) in general and hospital settings were significantly associated with an increased risk of HAP compared to grade 1 admissions. Similarly, in tertiary hospitals, grade 2 and higher ICU nursing management fees were significantly associated with an increased risk of HAP compared to grade 1 admissions. Especially, a lower level of nurse staffing was associated with bacterial pneumonia but not pneumonia due to aspiration. In conclusion, this study found an association between the level of ICU nurse staffing and HAP among surgical patients. A lower level of nurse staffing in the ICU was associated with increased rates of HAP among surgical patients. This indicates that having fewer beds assigned to nurses in the ICU setting is a significant factor in preventing HAP, regardless of the size of the hospital.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Enfermería en Hospital , Neumonía , Humanos , República de Corea , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Cuidados Críticos , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Recursos Humanos
14.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 13(4): 373-379, 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333990

RESUMEN

Optimal care of critically ill patients in the cardiac intensive care unit includes adequate nutritional support. This review highlights the high prevalence of malnutrition in acute heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, cardiogenic shock, and post-cardiac arrest and its adverse impact on prognosis. There is a lack of robust evidence regarding appropriate nutritional support in this patient population. Initiation of nutritional support with a comprehensive assessment of the patient's nutritional status is critical. High-risk cardiac patients who are not critically ill can receive oral nutrition adapted to individual risk factors or deficiencies, although overfeeding should be avoided in the acute phase. For critically ill patients at risk of or with malnutrition on admission, general principles include initiation of nutritional support within 48 h of admission, preference for enteral over parenteral nutrition, preference for hypocaloric nutrition in the first week of intensive care unit admission, and adequate micronutrient supplementation. Enteral nutrition in haemodynamically unstable patients carries a risk, albeit low, of intestinal ischaemia. In the case of malnutrition, the risk of refeeding syndrome should always be considered.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Desnutrición , Apoyo Nutricional , Humanos , Apoyo Nutricional/métodos , Desnutrición/terapia , Desnutrición/prevención & control , Enfermedad Crítica/terapia , Estado Nutricional , Unidades de Cuidados Coronarios , Nutrición Enteral/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/métodos
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 310: 324-328, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38269818

RESUMEN

Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) have profound and complex illnesses, often fraught with uncertainties in diagnoses, treatments, and care decisions. Clinicians often deviate from best practices to handle ICUs' myriad complexities and uncertainties. Non-routine events (NREs), defined as any aspect of care perceived by clinicians as deviations from optimal care, are latent and frequent safety threats that, if left unchecked, can be precursors to adverse events. Proper identification and analysis of NREs that represent latent safety threats have been proposed as a feasible and more effective approach for performance improvement than traditional root cause analysis for patient safety events. However, NRE studies to date have yet to show the holistic picture of NREs in the contexts of teamwork and time-dependent tasks that are frequently associated with NREs. NREs, an upstream interventional area to understand root causes, team performance, and human-computer interaction, still needs to be expanded. This article presents concepts of NREs, and the use of real-world data (RWD) and informatics methodology to investigate NREs in contexts and discusses the opportunities and challenges to enhance NREs research in teamwork and time-dependent tasks.


Asunto(s)
Hospitalización , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Humanos , Análisis de Causa Raíz , Incertidumbre
16.
Gulf J Oncolog ; 1(44): 51-53, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205573

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Several studies evaluated the outcomes of cancer patients treated with septic shock in intensive care units (ICUs), but limited data is available on the long-term outcomes of this patient population. In this report, we aimed to evaluate the one-year mortality in cancer patients who were discharged alive following their intensive care unit (ICU) admission for septic shock. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study that was conducted at an oncologic ICU of a comprehensive cancer center. The study included all adult cancer patients who were admitted to the ICU with septic shock between 2008 and 2019. Septic shock was defined as the need to start vasopressors within the first 24 hours of ICU admission with sepsis. Patient baseline characteristics and longterm outcomes were evaluated. Descriptive analysis was used to report the data. RESULTS: Of the 1408 cancer patients who were admitted to the ICU with septic shock, 494 patients (35%) were discharged alive from the hospital. Their mean age was 56.3±16.5 (SD) years, 321 (65%) were males, and 326 (66%) had solid tumors. At 1-year, 258 patients died as follows: 129 (50%) died during the first 3-months, 69 (27%) patients died between 3 and 6-months, and 60 (23%) patients died between 6 and 12-months, resulting in a mortality rate of 74%, 78.9% and 83.2%, at the 3-months, 6-months and 1-year, respectively. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In this cohort of cancer patients, we described the long-term outcomes of patients treated in the ICU with septic shock. The majority of the included patients died during the first year following their ICU admission. Future studies should identify measures to improve the outcomes of this patient population.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Choque Séptico , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hospitales , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
17.
HERD ; 17(2): 97-114, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38293825

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims (1) to understand the needs and challenges of the current intensive care unit (ICU) environments in supporting patient well-being from the perspective of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and (2) to explore the new potential of ICU environments enabled by technology. BACKGROUND: Evidence-based design has yielded how the design of environments can advocate for patient well-being, and digital technology offers new possibilities for indoor environments. However, the role of technology in facilitating ICU patient well-being has been unexplored. METHOD: This study was conducted in two phases. First, a mixed-method study was conducted with ICU HCPs from four Dutch hospitals. The study investigated the current environmental support for care activities, as well as the factors that positively and negatively contribute to patient experience. Next, a co-creation session was held involving HCPs and health technology experts to explore opportunities for technology to support ICU patient well-being. RESULTS: The mixed-method study revealed nine negative and eight positive patient experience factors. HCPs perceived patient emotional care as most challenging due to the ICU workload and a lack of environmental support in fulfilling patient emotional needs. The co-creation session yielded nine technology-enabled solutions to address identified challenges. Finally, drawing from insights from both studies, four strategies were introduced that guide toward creating technology to provide holistic and personalized care for patients. CONCLUSION: Patient experience factors are intertwined, necessitating a multifactorial approach to support patient well-being. Viewing the ICU environment as a holistic unit, our findings provide guidance on creating healing environments using technology.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Humanos , Países Bajos , Masculino , Femenino , Personal de Salud/psicología , Adulto , Diseño Interior y Mobiliario , Persona de Mediana Edad , Arquitectura y Construcción de Hospitales/métodos , Emociones , Ambiente de Instituciones de Salud
18.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 39(1): 210-217, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37132047

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutrition societies recommended remote hospital nutrition care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. However, the pandemic's impact on nutrition care quality is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association between remote nutrition care during the first COVID-19 wave and the time to start and achieve the nutrition therapy (NT) goals of critically ill patients. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an intensive care unit (ICU) that assisted patients with COVID-19 between May 2020 and April 2021. The remote nutrition care lasted approximately 6 months, and dietitians prescribed the nutrition care based on medical records and daily telephone contact with nurses who were in direct contact with patients. Data were retrospectively collected, patients were grouped according to the nutrition care delivered (remote or in person), and we compared the time to start NT and achieve the nutrition goals. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-eight patients (61.5 ± 14.8 years, 57% male) were evaluated, and 54.4% received remote nutrition care. The median time to start NT was 1 (1-3) day and to achieve the nutrition goals was 4 (3-6) days for both groups. The percentage of energy and protein prescribed on day 7 of the ICU stay concerning the requirements did not differ between patients with remote and patients with in-person nutrition care [95.5% ± 20.4% × 92.1% ± 26.4% (energy) and 92.9% ± 21.9% × 86.9% ± 29.2% (protein); P > 0.05 for both analyses]. CONCLUSION: Remote nutrition care in patients critically ill with COVID-19 did not impact the time to start and achieve the NT goals.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Terapia Nutricional , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Pandemias , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedad Crítica/terapia , Objetivos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
19.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 46(1): 177-185, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38071694

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Agitation is a common clinical problem encountered in the intensive care unit (ICU). Treatment options are based on clinical experience and sparse quality literature. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the effect of valproic acid (VPA) as adjuvant treatment for agitation in the ICU, identify predictors of response to VPA and evaluate the independent effect of VPA on agitation compared to standard of care (SOC). METHOD: This retrospective single center observational study evaluated adult patients admitted to the ICU for whom a psychiatric consultation was requested for agitation management, with agitation defined as a Richmond Agitation Sedation Score of 2 or greater. A descriptive analysis of the proportion of agitation-free patients per day of follow-up, the incidence of agitation-related-events, as well as the evolution of co-medications use over time are presented. A logistic regression model was used to assess predictors of VPA response, defined as being agitation-free on Day 7 and generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the independent effect of VPA as adjuvant therapy for agitation in the critically ill. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-five patients were included in the study with 78 receiving VPA. The percentage of agitation-free patients on VPA was 6.5% (5/77) on Day 1, 14.1% (11/78) on Day 3 and 39.5% (30/76) on Day 7. Multivariate regression model for clinical and demographic variables identified female gender as predictor of response on Day 7 (OR 6.10 [1.18-31.64], p = 0.03). The independent effect of VPA was non-significant when compared to SOC. CONCLUSION: Although VPA used as adjuvant treatment was associated with a decrease in agitation, its effect when compared to SOC did not yield significant results.


Asunto(s)
Agitación Psicomotora , Ácido Valproico , Adulto , Humanos , Femenino , Ácido Valproico/uso terapéutico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Agitación Psicomotora/tratamiento farmacológico , Agitación Psicomotora/epidemiología , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Derivación y Consulta
20.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 30(2): 124-130, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37856802

RESUMEN

Objective: The primary objectives of this study were to compare the characteristics of older and younger patients with sepsis and to analyze risk factors associated with 28-day and 90-day mortality in critically ill patients. Our study aimed to explore whether there are significant differences between sepsis patients in different age groups and whether these differences are related to the association between disease severity and mortality. Methods: We conducted a single-center, retrospective study of 5783 critically ill patients over 18 years of age from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database diagnosed with sepsis and admitted to the intensive care unit between 2008 and 2012. We performed a retrospective analysis, selected the Critical Care Medicine Information Mart III database, and collected data on patients with sepsis. We then collated and analyzed these data to compare differences in characteristics between older and younger patients and identify associated risk factors, which can help understand patient mortality. This approach leverages existing clinical data and avoids new experiments or data collection. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to assess 28-day and 90-day mortality, and a Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to evaluate the associated risk factors with 28-day and 90-day mortality. Results: Our study identified significant differences in mortality between older and younger patients with sepsis, finding that older patients had significantly higher mortality than younger patients. Furthermore, we successfully identified risk factors associated with mortality, results that have important implications for optimizing patient care and making clinical decisions. Of 5783 patients with sepsis, 2044 (35.3%) were younger than 60 years, and 3739 (64.7%) were aged 60 years or older. The 28-day mortality rate was 11.8% and 21.2% in the younger and older cohorts, respectively (P < .01). In the age-stratified analysis, the 28-day mortality was the highest in patients aged over 80 years (14.6% vs. 21.2% vs. 26.8%, P < .001). Factors associated with 28-day and 90-day mortality in patients with sepsis included age, weight, the need for mechanical ventilation, congestive heart failure, chronic pulmonary disease, malignancy, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score. Higher mortality in older patients with sepsis suggests the need for more aggressive treatment and monitoring. We also identified risk factors associated with mortality, helping to develop individualized treatment strategies. In addition, the different clinical characteristics of patients in different age groups emphasize the need for refined care pathways to meet their special needs. These results will help improve the treatment effect and quality of life of patients with sepsis. Conclusions: Our study fills the knowledge gap on the manifestations of sepsis patients in different age groups and helps medical staff better predict and manage disease progression in these two groups and provide personalized treatment. This lays the foundation for future in-depth research on age-related sepsis factors and is expected to improve patient survival and recovery rates. Older patients with sepsis had higher mortality rates and adverse outcomes. The mortality rate in patients with sepsis gradually increased with age. The importance of these findings is that they can help guide patient care and clinical decision-making, particularly when dealing with older and younger patients with sepsis, to improve treatment outcomes and reduce mortality. We would like to acknowledge that there are several limitations to the study, including the selectivity of the database and the retrospective nature, which preclude inference of causal relationships. In addition, some unconsidered variables may affect the results, and missing information in the data may also have an impact on the study. Future research could further explore these issues.This study highlights the critical role of age in sepsis patient outcomes and provides a strong basis for more sophisticated care and treatment. Our findings will help save more lives and improve patients' chances of recovery, which has profound implications for future research and clinical practice in the field of sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Crítica , Sepsis , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Sepsis/terapia , Sepsis/diagnóstico
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