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1.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 30(4): 124-129, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581326

RESUMEN

Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex cardiovascular disorder resulting from prolonged heart disease, leading to structural and functional damage, weakened myocardial contraction, and inadequate cardiac output for daily metabolism. The purpose of study is accurate evaluation and early identification of cardiac function and ventricular remodeling through effective biochemical indicators. Methods: This study, conducted from April 2020 to March 2021, included 100 CHF patients meeting the Chinese Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Failure 2020 from First People's Hospital of Linping District, ascertaining a confirmed diagnosis based on these established guidelines. The objective of detecting these biomarkers is not for early diagnosis, given that the subjects are already diagnosed according to the guidelines. Instead, our focus is on using these biomarkers to assess disease severity, prognosis, or treatment response in the context of diagnosed CHF patients. Classification comprised 42 ischemic and 58 non-ischemic CHF cases, with NYHA cardiac function grading (I, II, III-IV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) categorization (≤ 40%, >40%). A control group of 100 healthy volunteers was selected for comparison. SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions were analyzed among different groups and LVEF categories. Diagnostic efficacy was assessed through ROC curves, and correlations with cardiac function and LVEF were explored. Results: SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions were significantly higher in CHF patients compared to the control group. Increasing cardiac function grades in CHF patients correlated with a gradual elevation in suPAR, APN, and IgE expressions. Comparing LVEF groups, CHF patients with LVEF ≤ 40% exhibited significantly higher suPAR, APN, and IgE expressions. Combined detection of suPAR, APN, and IgE demonstrated superior diagnostic accuracy (AUC of 0.899) compared to individual markers. Positive correlations were observed between suPAR, APN, IgE, and cardiac function grades, while LVEF showed a significant negative correlation with these biomarkers. Conclusions: SuPAR, APN, and IgE expressions are elevated in CHF patients, and their combined detection serves as a highly efficient auxiliary diagnostic method. The findings offer valuable insights into the diagnosis and treatment of CHF patients.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Inmunoglobulina E , Humanos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/fisiopatología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Inmunoglobulina E/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Anciano , Receptores del Activador de Plasminógeno Tipo Uroquinasa/sangre , Adulto , Pronóstico , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas
2.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 35(5): 942-949, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462681

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Mapping system is useful in ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) and localization of anatomic variances. Voltage mapping identifies a low voltage area in the Koch triangle called low-voltage-bridge (LVB); propagation mapping identifies the collision point (CP) of atrial wavefront convergence. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the relationship between LVB and CP with successful site of ablation and identify standard value for LVB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) maps of the right atria were constructed from intracardiac recordings using the ablation catheter. Cut-off values on voltage map were adjusted until LVB was observed. On propagation map, atrial wavefronts during sinus rhythm collide in the site representing CP, indicating the area of slow pathway conduction. Ablation site was selected targeting LVB and CP site, confirmed by anatomic position on fluoroscopy and atrioventricular ratio. RESULTS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients were included. LVB and CP were present in all patients. Postprocedural evaluation identified standard cut-off of 0.3-1 mV useful for LVB identification. An overlap between LVB and CP was observed in 23 (85%) patients. Procedure success was achieved in all patient with effective site at first application in 22 (81%) patients. There was a significant correlation between LVB, CP, and the site of effective ablation (p = .001). CONCLUSION: We found correlation between LVB and CP with the site of effective ablation, identifying a voltage range useful for standardized LVB identification. These techniques could be useful to identify ablation site and minimize radiation exposure.


Asunto(s)
Potenciales de Acción , Ablación por Catéter , Técnicas Electrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Taquicardia por Reentrada en el Nodo Atrioventricular , Humanos , Taquicardia por Reentrada en el Nodo Atrioventricular/cirugía , Taquicardia por Reentrada en el Nodo Atrioventricular/fisiopatología , Taquicardia por Reentrada en el Nodo Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Prospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Anciano , Nodo Atrioventricular/fisiopatología , Nodo Atrioventricular/cirugía , Factores de Tiempo
3.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 35(5): 916-928, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439119

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Artificial intelligence (AI) ECG arrhythmia mapping provides arrhythmia source localization using 12-lead ECG data; whether this information impacts procedural efficiency is unknown. We performed a retrospective, case-control study to evaluate the hypothesis that AI ECG mapping may reduce time to ablation, procedural duration, and fluoroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases in which system output was used were retrospectively enrolled according to IRB-approved protocols at each site. Matched control cases were enrolled in reverse chronological order beginning on the last day for which the technology was unavailable. Controls were matched based upon physician, institution, arrhythmia, and a predetermined complexity rating. Procedural metrics, fluoroscopy data, and clinical outcomes were assessed from time-stamped medical records. RESULTS: The study group consisted of 28 patients (age 65 ± 11 years, 46% female, left atrial dimension 4.1 ± 0.9 cm, LVEF 50 ± 18%) and was similar to 28 controls. The most common arrhythmia types were atrial fibrillation (n = 10), premature ventricular complexes (n = 8), and ventricular tachycardia (n = 6). Use of the system was associated with a 19.0% reduction in time to ablation (133 ± 48 vs. 165 ± 49 min, p = 0.02), a 22.6% reduction in procedure duration (233 ± 51 vs. 301 ± 83 min, p < 0.001), and a 43.7% reduction in fluoroscopy (18.7 ± 13.3 vs. 33.2 ± 18.0 min, p < 0.001) versus controls. At 6 months follow-up, arrhythmia-free survival was 73.5% in the study group and 63.3% in the control group (p = 0.56). CONCLUSION: Use of forward-solution AI ECG mapping is associated with reductions in time to first ablation, procedure duration, and fluoroscopy without an adverse impact on procedure outcomes or complications.


Asunto(s)
Potenciales de Acción , Arritmias Cardíacas , Inteligencia Artificial , Ablación por Catéter , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Tiempo de Tratamiento , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatología , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirugía , Ablación por Catéter/efectos adversos , Electrocardiografía , Técnicas Electrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Fluoroscopía , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Tempo Operativo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Casos y Controles
6.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 35(5): 950-964, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477184

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Peak frequency (PF) mapping is a novel method that may identify critical portions of myocardial substrate supporting reentry. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate PF mapping combined with omnipolar voltage mapping in the identification of critical isthmuses of left atrial (LA) atypical flutters. METHODS AND RESULTS: LA omnipolar voltage and PF maps were generated in flutter using the Advisor HD-Grid catheter (Abbott) and EnSite Precision Mapping System (Abbott) in 12 patients. Normal voltage was defined as ≥0.5 mV, low-voltage as 0.1-0.5 mV, and scar as <0.1 mV. PF distributions were compared with ANOVA and post hoc Tukey analyses. The 1 cm radius from arrhythmia termination was compared to global myocardium with unpaired t-testing. The mean age was 65.8 ± 9.7 years and 50% of patients were female. Overall, 34 312 points were analyzed. Atypical flutters most frequently involved the mitral isthmus (58%) or anterior wall (25%). Mean PF varied significantly by myocardial voltage: normal (335.5 ± 115.0 Hz), low (274.6 ± 144.0 Hz), and scar (71.6 ± 140.5 Hz) (p < .0001 for all pairwise comparisons). All termination sites resided in low-voltage regions containing intermediate or high PF. Overall, mean voltage in the 1 cm radius from termination was significantly lower than the remaining myocardium (0.58 vs. 0.95 mV, p < .0001) and PF was significantly higher (326.4 vs. 245.1 Hz, p < .0001). CONCLUSION: Low-voltage, high-PF areas may be critical targets during catheter ablation of atypical atrial flutter.


Asunto(s)
Potenciales de Acción , Aleteo Atrial , Ablación por Catéter , Técnicas Electrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Humanos , Aleteo Atrial/fisiopatología , Aleteo Atrial/diagnóstico , Aleteo Atrial/cirugía , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Frecuencia Cardíaca
7.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 35(5): 965-974, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477371

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Repolarization dispersion in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) contributes to the type-1 electrocardiographic (ECG) phenotype of Brugada syndrome (BrS), while data on the significance and feasibility of mapping repolarization dispersion in BrS patients are scarce. Moreover, the role of endocardial repolarization dispersion in BrS is poorly investigated. We aimed to assess endocardial repolarization patterns through an automated calculation of activation recovery interval (ARI) estimated on unipolar electrograms (UEGs) in spontaneous type-1 BrS patients and controls; we also investigated the relation between ARI and right ventricle activation time (RVAT), and T-wave peak-to-end interval (Tpe) in BrS patients. METHODS: Patients underwent endocardial high-density electroanatomical mapping (HDEAM); BrS showing an overt type-1 ECG were defined as OType1, while those without (latent type-1 ECG and LType1) received ajmaline infusion. BrS patients only underwent programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS). Data were elaborated to obtain ARI corrected with the Bazett formula (ARIc), while RVAT was derived from activation maps. RESULTS: 39 BrS subjects (24 OType1 and 15 LTtype1) and 4 controls were enrolled. OType1 and post-ajmaline LType1 showed longer mean ARIc than controls (306 ± 27.3 ms and 333.3 ± 16.3 ms vs. 281.7 ± 10.3 ms, p = .05 and p < .001, respectively). Ajmaline induced a significant prolongation of ARIc compared to pre-ajmaline LTtype1 (333.3 ± 16.3 vs. 303.4 ± 20.7 ms, p < .001) and OType1 (306 ± 27.3 ms, p < .001). In patients with type-1 ECG (OTtype1 and post-ajmaline LType1) ARIc correlated with RVAT (r = .34, p = .04) and Tpec (r = .60, p < .001), especially in OType1 subjects (r = .55, p = .008 and r = .65 p < .001, respectively). CONCLUSION: ARIc mapping demonstrates increased endocardial repolarization dispersion in RVOT in BrS. Endocardial ARIc positively correlates with RVAT and Tpec, especially in OType1.


Asunto(s)
Potenciales de Acción , Algoritmos , Síndrome de Brugada , Electrocardiografía , Técnicas Electrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Endocardio , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Síndrome de Brugada/fisiopatología , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Endocardio/fisiopatología , Adulto , Factores de Tiempo , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ajmalina/administración & dosificación , Automatización , Función Ventricular Derecha , Estimulación Cardíaca Artificial , Anciano , Procesamiento de Señales Asistido por Computador
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 234, 2024 Feb 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389066

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Efficiently identifying patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) using administrative health care data (e.g., claims) can facilitate research on their quality of care and health outcomes. No prior study has validated the use of only ICD-10-CM HIV diagnosis codes to identify patients with HIV. METHODS: We validated HIV diagnosis codes among women enrolled in a large U.S. integrated health care system during 2010-2020. We examined HIV diagnosis code-based algorithms that varied by type, frequency, and timing of the codes in patients' claims data. We calculated the positive predictive values (PPVs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the algorithms using a medical record-confirmed diagnosis of HIV as the gold standard. RESULTS: A total of 272 women with ≥ 1 HIV diagnosis code in the administrative claims data were identified and medical records were reviewed for all 272 women. The PPV of an algorithm classifying women as having HIV as of the first HIV diagnosis code during the observation period was 80.5% (95% CI: 75.4-84.8%), and it was 93.9% (95% CI: 90.0-96.3%) as of the second. Little additional increase in PPV was observed when a third code was required. The PPV of an algorithm based on ICD-10-CM-era codes was similar to one based on ICD-9-CM-era codes. CONCLUSION: If the accuracy measure of greatest interest is PPV, our findings suggest that use of ≥ 2 HIV diagnosis codes to identify patients with HIV may perform well. However, health care coding practices may vary across settings, which may impact generalizability of our results.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Registros Médicos , Humanos , Femenino , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades , Algoritmos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Infecciones por VIH/diagnóstico , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología
9.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 17(1): 31-42, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37178073

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Aortic valve calcification (AVC) is a principal mechanism underlying aortic stenosis (AS). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of AVC and its association with the long-term risk for severe AS. METHODS: Noncontrast cardiac computed tomography was performed among 6,814 participants free of known cardiovascular disease at MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) visit 1. AVC was quantified using the Agatston method, and normative age-, sex-, and race/ethnicity-specific AVC percentiles were derived. The adjudication of severe AS was performed via chart review of all hospital visits and supplemented with visit 6 echocardiographic data. The association between AVC and long-term incident severe AS was evaluated using multivariable Cox HRs. RESULTS: AVC was present in 913 participants (13.4%). The probability of AVC >0 and AVC scores increased with age and were generally highest among men and White participants. In general, the probability of AVC >0 among women was equivalent to men of the same race/ethnicity who were approximately 10 years younger. Incident adjudicated severe AS occurred in 84 participants over a median follow-up of 16.7 years. Higher AVC scores were exponentially associated with the absolute risk and relative risk of severe AS with adjusted HRs of 12.9 (95% CI: 5.6-29.7), 76.4 (95% CI: 34.3-170.2), and 380.9 (95% CI: 169.7-855.0) for AVC groups 1 to 99, 100 to 299, and ≥300 compared with AVC = 0. CONCLUSIONS: The probability of AVC >0 varied significantly by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. The risk of severe AS was exponentially higher with higher AVC scores, whereas AVC = 0 was associated with an extremely low long-term risk of severe AS. The measurement of AVC provides clinically relevant information to assess an individual's long-term risk for severe AS.


Asunto(s)
Estenosis de la Válvula Aórtica , Válvula Aórtica , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Válvula Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagen , Calcio , Prevalencia , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estenosis de la Válvula Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagen , Estenosis de la Válvula Aórtica/epidemiología
10.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 49(1): 312-319, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37978076

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic capabilities of a supplementary color ramped iodine density map compared to virtual monoenergetic images (VMIs) at 74 keV in the diagnosis of acute bowel ischemia (ABI). METHODS: Data for this study were prospectively gathered and retrospectively evaluated. Patients referred to the Department of Diagnostic Radiology between October 2020 and August 2022 on the suspicion of ABI and underwent surgery < 12 h following fast kV-switching venous phase abdominal dual-energy CT (DECT) were consecutively included. Images were evaluated by two board-certified radiologists and two radiology residents. First round included only 74 keV VMIs resembling conventional 120 kVp images, and the second round included a supplementary iodine density map. Readers were asked to register presence of ABI as well as their confidence in their diagnosis based on a 5-point Likert scale. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each observer with the surgical findings as the gold-standard. McNemar's and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare registrations and diagnostic confidence across assessment rounds. RESULTS: A total of 29 patients resulting in 31 DECT scans were included. Fourteen cases of ischemic/necrotic bowel were reported following surgery. Sensitivity and NPV were decreased with the use of supplementary iodine map images compared to 120 kVp-like images without supplementary iodine map images for three of four observers (round 1 range: 71.4-92.9% and 78.0-94.8%; round 2 range: 57.1-78.6% and 70.1-83.3%, respectively), while specificity and PPV were increased for three of four observers (round 1 range: 64.7-94.1% and 67.4-93.1%; round 2 range: 88.2-94.1% and 73.8-91.1%, respectively). However, no significant difference in ABI diagnosis or diagnostic confidence was found (p-value range: 0.07-1.00 and 0.23-0.58, respectively). CONCLUSION: No significant difference for the diagnosis of ABI was found using supplementary iodine mapping. Our study may suggest a trend of increased specificity and decreased sensitivity, hence, the use of supplementary iodine mapping should be carefully considered.


Asunto(s)
Yodo , Isquemia Mesentérica , Humanos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Isquemia , Medios de Contraste
11.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf ; 33(1): e5709, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37881134

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Three generic claims-based algorithms based on the Illness Classification of Diseases (10th revision- ICD-10) codes, French Long-Term Illness (LTI) data, and the Diagnosis Related Group program (DRG) were developed to identify retirees with cancer using data from the French national health insurance information system (Système national des données de santé or SNDS) which covers the entire French population. The present study aimed to calculate the algorithms' performances and to describe false positives and negatives in detail. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2016, data from 7544 participants of the French retired self-employed craftsperson cohort (ESPrI) were first matched to the SNDS data, and then toFrench population-based cancer registries data, used as the gold standard. Performance indicators, such as sensitivity and positive predictive values, were estimated for the three algorithms in a subcohort of ESPrI. RESULTS: The third algorithm, which combined the LTI and DRG program data, presented the best sensitivities (90.9%-100%) and positive predictive values (58.1%-95.2%) according to cancer sites. The majority of false positives were in fact nearby organ sites (e.g., stomach for esophagus) and carcinoma in situ. Most false negatives were probably due to under declaration of LTI. CONCLUSION: Validated algorithms using data from the SNDS can be used for passive epidemiological follow-up for some cancer sites in the ESPrI cohort.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Bases de Datos Factuales
12.
Cad Saude Publica ; 39(12): e00077923, 2023.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38126560

RESUMEN

The use of triggers for the active search and detection of adverse drug events (ADEs) has been gaining ground within pharmacovigilance services. Thus, the main objective of the study was to propose a new list of triggers to be used in a center specialized in hematology in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The update of the list of triggers consisted of revising the current list, with the exclusion and inclusion of new triggers. To verify the performance of the new list of triggers, a cross-sectional study was conducted in which the new triggers were used to investigate the occurrence of ADEs in patients attended in the emergency unit or hospitalized from January to March 2022. For each suspected ADEs, the patient's profile and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were characterized regarding causality and severity. The performance of the triggers and their ability to capture ADEs were estimated using the following indicators: frequency of the trigger per 100 medical records, frequency of ADEs per 100 records, and positive predictive value (PPV). To evaluate the overall performance of the proposed new list, the PPV was estimated. A total of 374 prescriptions for triggers were identified in 186 medical records. The most efficient in the detection of possible ADEs were: lidocaine, loperamide, bisacodyl, filgrastim and glycerin clyster. The overall PPV of the new suggested list was 48% versus 10% of the previous list. This study demonstrated the importance of an updated list of triggers for the monitoring of ADEs and improvement of the care provided.


A utilização de rastreadores para a busca ativa e detecção de eventos adversos a medicamentos (EAM) tem ganhado espaço nos serviços de farmacovigilância. Assim, o objetivo principal do estudo foi propor uma nova lista de rastreadores para ser empregada em um centro especializado em hematologia do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. A atualização da lista de rastreadores consistiu na revisão da lista atual, com a exclusão e inclusão de rastreadores. Para verificar o desempenho da nova lista de rastreadores, realizou-se um estudo transversal em que os novos rastreadores foram utilizados para investigar a ocorrência de EAM em pacientes atendidos na emergência ou hospitalizados no período de janeiro a março de 2022. Para cada suspeita de EAM identificada, caracterizaram-se o perfil do paciente e as reações adversas a medicamentos (RAM) quanto à causalidade e gravidade. O desempenho dos rastreadores e sua capacidade de captação de EAM foram calculados por meio dos indicadores: frequência do rastreador por 100 prontuários, frequência de EAM por 100 prontuários e valor preditivo positivo (VPP). Para avaliar o desempenho global da nova lista proposta, calculou-se o VPP. Foram identificadas 374 prescrições de rastreadores em 186 prontuários. Os mais eficientes na detecção de possíveis EAM foram: lidocaína, loperamida, bisacodil, filgrastim e clister de glicerina. O VPP global da nova lista sugerida foi 48% contra 10% da lista anterior. Este estudo demonstrou a importância de uma lista de rastreadores atualizada para o monitoramento dos EAM e o aprimoramento da assistência prestada.


El uso de rastreadores en la búsqueda y detección activa de eventos adversos de medicamentos (EAM) viene ganando espacio dentro de los servicios de farmacovigilancia. Por lo tanto, el objetivo principal de este estudio fue proponer una nueva lista de rastreadores que se utilizarán en un centro de hematología especializado en Río de Janeiro, Brasil. La actualización de la lista de rastreadores consistió en la revisión de la lista actual, con la exclusión e inclusión de rastreadores. Para verificar el desempeño de la nueva lista de rastreadores, se realizó un estudio transversal en el que se utilizaron los nuevos rastreadores para investigar la aparición de EAM en pacientes atendidos en urgencias u hospitalizados en el periodo de enero a marzo de 2022. Para cada sospecha de EAM identificados, el perfil del paciente y las reacciones adversas a medicamentos (RAM) se caracterizaron por su causalidad y gravedad. El desempeño de los rastreadores y su capacidad para capturar EAM se calcularon mediante los indicadores: frecuencia del rastreador por cada 100 registros médicos, frecuencia de EAM por cada 100 registros médicos y valor predictivo positivo (VPP). Para evaluar el desempeño general de la nueva lista propuesta, se calculó el VPP. Se identificaron 374 recetas de rastreadores en 186 registros médicos. Los más eficientes en la detección de posibles EAM fueron lidocaína, loperamida, bisacodilo, filgrastim y enema de glicerina. El VPP general de la nueva lista sugerida fue del 48% frente al 10% de la lista anterior. Este estudio demostró la importancia de una lista actualizada de rastreadores para monitorear EAM y mejorar la atención brindada.


Asunto(s)
Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos , Hematología , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Brasil/epidemiología , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/epidemiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Sistemas de Registro de Reacción Adversa a Medicamentos
13.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf ; 32(12): 1439-1445, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37528669

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study validated incident and recurrent ischemic stroke identified by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10) hospital discharge diagnosis codes. METHODS: Using electronic health records (EHR) of adults (≥18 years) receiving care from Kaiser Permanente Southern California with ICD-10 hospital discharge diagnosis codes of ischemic stroke (I63.x, G46.3, and G46.4) between October 2015 and September 2020, we identified 75 patients with both incident and recurrent stroke events (total 150 cases). Two neurologists independently evaluated validity of ICD-10 codes through chart reviews. RESULTS: The positive predictive value (PPV, 95% CI) for incident stroke was 93% (95% CI: 88%, 99%) and the PPV for recurrent stroke was 72% (95% CI: 62%, 82%). The PPV for recurrent stroke improved after applying a gap of 20 days (PPV of 75%; 95% CI: 63%, 87%) or removing hospital admissions related to stroke-related procedures (PPV of 78%; 95% CI: 68%, 88%). CONCLUSION: The ICD-10 hospital discharge diagnosis codes for ischemic stroke showed a high PPV for incident cases, while the PPV for recurrent cases were less optimal. Algorithms to improve the accuracy of ICD-10 codes for recurrent ischemic stroke may be necessary.


Asunto(s)
Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Adulto , Humanos , Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades , Alta del Paciente , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Hospitales
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 39(11): 2097-2106, 2023 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37470856

RESUMEN

Plasma potassium (p-K) in the high-normal range has been suggested to reduce risk of cardiovascular arrythmias and mortality through electrophysiological and mechanical effects on the myocardium. In this study, it was to investigated if increasing p-K to high-normal levels improves systolic- and diastolic myocardial function in patients with low-normal to moderately reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The study included 50 patients (mean age 58 years (SD 14), 81% men), with a mean p-K 3.95 mmol/l (SD 0.19), mean LVEF 48% (SD 7), and mean Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) -14.6% (SD 3.1) patients with LVEF 35-55% from "Targeted potassium levels to decrease arrhythmia burden in high-risk patients with cardiovascular diseases trial" (POTCAST). Patients were given standard therapy and randomized (1:1) to an intervention that included guidance on potassium-rich diets, potassium supplements, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists targeting high-normal p-K levels (4.5-5.0 mmol/l). Echocardiography was done at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 44 days (SD 18) and the echocardiograms were analyzed for changes in GLS, mechanical dispersion, E/A, e', and E/e'. At follow-up, mean difference in changes in p-K was 0.52 mmol/l (95%CI 0.35;0.69), P<0.001 in the intervention group compared to controls. GLS was improved with a mean difference in changes of -1.0% (-2;-0.02), P<0.05 and e' and E/e' were improved with a mean difference in changes of 0.9 cm/s (0.02;1.7), P = 0.04 and ? 1.5 (-2.9;-0.14), P = 0.03, respectively. Thus, induced increase in p-K to the high-normal range improved indices of systolic and diastolic function in patients with low-normal to moderately reduced LVEF.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Arritmias Cardíacas , Miocardio , Potasio/farmacología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Volumen Sistólico/fisiología , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/diagnóstico por imagen
15.
Expert Rev Vaccines ; 22(1): 307-314, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36938990

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Monitoring the risk of intussusception after the introduction of rotavirus vaccines is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although the validity of intussusception monitoring using electronic health records (EHRs) has been confirmed previously, no similar studies have been conducted in China. We aimed to verify the diagnosis and determine an algorithm with the best performance for identification of intussusception using Chinese EHR databases. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the Regional Health Information Platform in Ningbo, patients aged 0-72 months from 2015 to 2021 with any related visits for intussusception were included. The algorithms were based on diagnostic codes or keywords in different clinical scenarios, and their performance was evaluated with positive predictive value (PPV) and sensitivity in line with the Brighton guidelines. RESULTS: Brighton level 1 intussusception was confirmed in 2958 patients with 3246 episodes. Fine-tuned algorithms combining the appearance of the relevant ICD-10 codes or the Chinese keyword 'Chang Tao' in any diagnostic reports with the results of enema treatments or related surgeries showed the highest sensitivity, while the highest PPV was obtained by further criteria based on typical radiographic appearances. CONCLUSION: Intussusception could be identified and validated internally using EHRs in Ningbo.


Asunto(s)
Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Intususcepción , Humanos , Niño , Intususcepción/diagnóstico , Intususcepción/epidemiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Algoritmos , China/epidemiología
16.
JAMA Oncol ; 9(4): 552-555, 2023 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36729480

RESUMEN

Importance: Ibrutinib has been associated with serious cardiotoxic arrhythmias. In preclinical models, these events are paralleled or proceeded by diffuse myocardial injury (inflammation and fibrosis). Yet whether this is seen in patients or has implications for future cardiotoxic risk is unknown. Objective: To assess the incidence and outcomes of myocardial injury among patients with ibrutinib-related cardiotoxicity. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included consecutive patients treated with ibrutinib from 2012 to 2019, phenotyped using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) from a large US Comprehensive Cancer Center registry. Exposures: Ibrutinib treatment for cancer control. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) fibrosis. The secondary outcome was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as atrial fibrillation, heart failure, symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death of probable or definite ibrutinib association after CMR. We also assessed parametric-mapping subclinical fibrosis (native-T1, extracellular volume fraction) and inflammation/edema (max-T2) measures. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance measures were compared with those obtained in similar consecutive patients with cancer without ibrutinib treatment (pretreatment controls). Observed measures were also compared with similar-aged broad population rates (general-population controls) and a broader pool of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk-matched cancer controls. Multivariable regression was used to assess the association between CMR measures and MACE. Results: Overall, 49 patients treated with ibrutinib were identified, including 33 imaged after treatment initiation (mean [SD] age, 65 [10] years, 9 [27%] with hypertension, and 23 [69.7%] with index-arrhythmias); median duration of ibrutinib-use was 14 months. The mean (SD) pretreatment native T1 was 977.0 (73.0) ms, max-T2 56.5 (4.0) ms, and 4 (13.3%) had LGE. Posttreatment initiation, mean (SD) native T1 was 1033.7 (48.2) ms, max-T2 61.5 (4.8) ms, and 17 (54.8%) had LGE (P < .001, P = .01, and P < .001, respectively, pre- vs post-ibrutinib treatment). Native T12SDs was elevated in 9 (28.6%), and max-T22SDs in 21 (63.0%), respectively. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance measures were highest in those with suspected toxic effects (P = .01 and P = .01, respectively). There was no association between traditional CVD-risk or cancer-treatment status and abnormal CMR measures. Among those without traditional CVD, 16 (58.6%) had LGE vs 38 (13.3%) in matched-controls (relative-risk, 4.8; P < .001). Over a median follow-up of 19 months, 13 (39.4%) experienced MACE. In multivariable models inclusive of traditional CVD risk factors, LGE (hazard ratio [HR], 4.9; P = .04), and native-T12SDs (HR, 3.3; P = .05) associated with higher risks of MACE. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, myocardial injury was common in ibrutinib users, and its presence was associated with higher cardiotoxic risk.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Contraste , Miocardio , Humanos , Anciano , Miocardio/patología , Estudios de Cohortes , Cardiotoxicidad/etiología , Imagen por Resonancia Cinemagnética , Gadolinio , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Fibrosis , Inflamación , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Pronóstico , Volumen Sistólico
17.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 36(3): 242-247, 2023 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622842

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Transient hypocalcemia is a common complication after pediatric total thyroidectomy, while permanent hypoparathyroidism (PH) is relatively uncommon. To date there is no model to predict which patients will develop PH based on post-operative makers. We aim to identify pediatric patients who are at high risk of PH following thyroidectomy based on 6 h post-operative parathyroid hormone (PTH) value. METHODS: A retrospective review of 122 pediatric patients undergoing total thyroidectomy between 2016 and 2022 following implementation of a multidisciplinary team was performed. Outcome of interest was permanent hypoparathyroidism, defined as need for calcium supplementation at 6 months postoperatively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine PTH value at 6 h post-operative that was predictive of permanent hypoparathyroidism. RESULTS: Rates of permanent hypoparathyroidism reported are similar to those described in the literature with 12 patients (10.9%) developing PH. In patients who developed PH, mean 6 h postoperative PTH was 5.12 pg/mL. Mean 6 h postoperative PTH level in those who did not develop PH was 31.34 pg/mL (p<0.0001). The 6 h post-operative PTH value predictive for PH was ≤11.3 pg/mL. PTH cutoff of ≤11.3 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 72.2%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 27.0%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 100%. CONCLUSIONS: 6 h postoperative PTH values were found to be predictive of permanent hypoparathyroidism in pediatric total thyroidectomy: a 6 h postoperative PTH level of >11.3 pg/mL excludes permanent hypoparathyroidism, but if PTH is ≤11.3 pg/mL at 6 h, approximately 1/3 of patients may persist with permanent hypoparathyroidism.


Asunto(s)
Hipocalcemia , Hipoparatiroidismo , Humanos , Niño , Proyectos Piloto , Tiroidectomía/efectos adversos , Hormona Paratiroidea , Hipoparatiroidismo/etiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Hipocalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipocalcemia/etiología , Calcio
18.
J Healthc Qual ; 45(1): 51-58, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584116

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Patient violence toward others, including doctors and nurses, is a serious concern worldwide. A wealth of literature supports the assertion that violent behavior can be prevented with proper screening and management policies. This project aimed to evaluate the Crisis Triage Rating Scale (CTRS) within a 12-hospital integrated healthcare delivery system located in the southeastern United States. An initial sample of 112,708 unique patient visits between January 2019 and December 2020 was included in this retrospective review of electronic health records. We found that the CTRS harm triage question and risk levels were significant predictors of harm to others. Consistent with previous literature, positive predictive values ranged between 0.025 and 0.070 and negative predictive values ranged between 0.991 and 0.995. Our results support the assertion that clinicians should make balanced judgments about using a positive risk score to allocate safety measures. Variations in practice were evident across our healthcare systems. Improving appropriate assessment procedures may improve the diagnostic tools and risk stratification. When documented correctly, the CTRS performed as expected in an environment where harm to others occurred infrequently.


Asunto(s)
Pacientes Internos , Triaje , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Triaje/métodos , Factores de Riesgo , Hospitales , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas
19.
Dermatology ; 239(2): 273-276, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538899

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Requisite to the application of clinical databases for observational research in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is the identification of an accurate case cohort. There is limited information on the validity of using diagnosis codes to identify HS and cutaneous abscess (CA) case cohorts. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the validity in utilizing diagnosis codes to establish the HS and CA cohorts from an integrated health system clinical database. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated a case-finding algorithm for HS which included the presence of at least one diagnosis code for HS and no diagnosis codes for CA of the axilla, groin, perineum, or buttock at any time. We evaluated a case-finding algorithm for CA which included the presence of at least one diagnosis code for abscess in the axilla, groin, perineum, or buttock and no codes for HS at any time. Medical records for a random sample of 100 patients meeting algorithm criteria were reviewed and adjudicated by dermatologists for accuracy of diagnosis. The positive predictive values (PPVs) of the ICD code-based case definitions were calculated, using the dermatologist's chart-based adjudication as the reference standard. RESULTS: Among 100 HS patients, median age (interquartile range) in the HS cohort was 33 (24.75, 43.25) years. HS patients were predominantly female (82%) and white (70%). Median age among 100 CA patients was 31.5 (95% CI 6.75, 47.25) years. The majority of CA patients were female (56%) and white (69%). The PPVs of the ICD-based case-finding algorithms for HS and CA were 88% (95% CI 81.6-94.4%) and 75.0% (95% CI 66.5-83.5%), respectively. CONCLUSION: The case-finding algorithms employing at least one diagnosis code for HS and CA of the axilla, groin, perineum, or buttock, with the exclusion of the other's diagnosis codes, has good to strong PPV and may provide balance in achieving accuracy and adequate power for cohorts identified within clinical databases.


Asunto(s)
Hidradenitis Supurativa , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Hidradenitis Supurativa/diagnóstico , Hidradenitis Supurativa/epidemiología , Absceso/diagnóstico , Registros Médicos
20.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 6(3): e1755, 2023 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464325

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM). Use of electronic health records may facilitate large-scale epidemiologic research to elucidate risk factors for the progression of MGUS to MM or other lymphoid malignancies. AIMS: We evaluated the accuracy of an electronic health records-based approach for identifying clinically diagnosed MGUS cases for inclusion in studies of patient outcomes/ progression risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were retrieved from Kaiser Permanente Southern California's comprehensive electronic health records, which contain documentation of all outpatient and inpatient visits, laboratory tests, diagnosis codes and a cancer registry. We ascertained potential MGUS cases diagnosed between 2008 and 2014 using the presence of an MGUS ICD-9 diagnosis code (273.1). We initially excluded those diagnosed with MM within 6 months after MGUS diagnosis, then subsequently those with any lymphoid malignancy diagnosis from 2007 to 2014. We reviewed medical charts for 100 randomly selected potential cases for evidence of a physician diagnosis of MGUS, which served as our gold standard for case confirmation. To assess sensitivity, we also investigated the presence of the ICD-9 code in the records of 40 randomly selected and chart review-confirmed MGUS cases among patients with a laboratory report of elevated circulating monoclonal (M-) protein (a key test for MGUS diagnosis) and no subsequent lymphoid malignancy (as described above). The positive predictive value (PPV) for the ICD-9 code was 98%. All MGUS cases confirmed by chart review also had confirmatory laboratory test results. Of the confirmed cases first identified via M-protein test results, 88% also had the ICD-9 diagnosis code. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis code-based approach has excellent PPV and likely high sensitivity for detecting clinically diagnosed MGUS. The generalizability of this approach outside an integrated healthcare system warrants further evaluation.


Asunto(s)
Gammopatía Monoclonal de Relevancia Indeterminada , Mieloma Múltiple , Humanos , Gammopatía Monoclonal de Relevancia Indeterminada/diagnóstico , Gammopatía Monoclonal de Relevancia Indeterminada/epidemiología , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Mieloma Múltiple/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiple/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas
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