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Palmatine: A review of pharmacological properties and pharmacokinetics.

Tarabasz, Dominik; Kukula-Koch, Wirginia.
Phytother Res ; 34(1): 33-50, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496018
The aim of this review is to collect together the results of the numerous studies over the last two decades on the pharmacological properties of palmatine published in scientific databases like Scopus and PubMed, which are scattered across different publications. Palmatine, an isoquinoline alkaloid from the class of protoberberines, is a yellow compound present in the extracts from different representatives of Berberidaceae, Papaveraceae, Ranunculaceae, and Menispermaceae. It has been extensively used in traditional medicine of Asia in the treatment of jaundice, liver-related diseases, hypertension, inflammation, and dysentery. New findings describe its possible applications in the treatment of civilization diseases like central nervous system-related problems. This review intends to let this alkaloid come out from the shade of a more frequently described alkaloid berberine. The toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and biological activities of this protoberberine alkaloid will be developed in this work.