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1.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272346, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921361

RESUMEN

This study examines the role of knowledge creation, knowledge sharing and information communication technologies, which are organizational factors that influence the quality of healthcare services. In today's knowledge-intensive environment, understanding and gaining in-depth knowledge on how to improve the quality of healthcare services is gaining in importance and recognition. Quantitative data collected in 2019 with 151 respondents employed in healthcare organizations was used. Running a series of hierarchical linear regression models, we found a significant positive relationship between knowledge creation and quality of healthcare services, and a significant positive relationship between knowledge sharing and quality of healthcare services. Empirical data additionally provides support for information communication technologies that act as a moderator both in the relationship between knowledge creation and knowledge sharing with quality of healthcare services. With our data, we provide empirical backing for the impact of knowledge creation, knowledge sharing and information communication technologies on the quality of healthcare services that are provided by Montenegrin healthcare organizations. Our paper offers theoretical and practical implications derived from our research study.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Servicios de Salud , Tecnología de la Información , Conocimiento , Calidad de la Atención de Salud
2.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 43: e20210075, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920522

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Investigate which knowledge emerges in the Tuberculosis Control Manuals and how power relations are established for treatment adherence. METHOD: Documentary and qualitative research on five Manuals published between 2002 and 2019, available on the Ministry of Health's Website, based on Michel Foucault's theoretical and methodological framework. RESULTS: 1. Knowledge: emerges as human resource training; health surveillance actions; medicalization; and multifunctionality of nurses in addressing the social determinants of tuberculosis. 2. Power relations: occur through articulation between different subjects and establish disciplines on the body and the behavior of the person undergoing treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Certain knowledge/powers constitute the actions of treatment adherence to tuberculosis treatment and normalize the "correct/true" way of conducting disease control. Such behaviors refer to self-responsibility, autonomy and empowerment of the subject and do not consider the countless conditions of vulnerability existing in the history of people with tuberculosis.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Tuberculosis , Brasil , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Cumplimiento y Adherencia al Tratamiento , Tuberculosis/terapia
3.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0269927, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917369

RESUMEN

In the United States, a public debate remains about the existence and effects of anthropogenic climate change. This skepticism is present in the agricultural sector, rendering climate science communication challenging. Due to the polarization of climate change issues and the concurrent need for agricultural adaptation, we sought to examine how scientists communicate in this sector. A survey, administered to climate scientists and pertinent U.S. federal agency staff (response rate = 43%), was conducted to examine perspectives on communicating with five agricultural stakeholder groups: agribusinesses, crop advisors, general public, producers, and policymakers. We focused on three aspects of the communication process with these stakeholders to evaluate if scientists, as messengers, were following best practices-communicator training, knowledge of stakeholder, and terminology use. We found scientists valued communication training; however, the majority had not attended formal training. Scientists had different views on climate change than producers and crop advisors but understood their perspective and were deliberate with their communication with different audiences. This suggests stakeholder knowledge and terminology use do not hinder communication between scientist and stakeholder. We also highlight three communication challenges present across stakeholder groups-stakeholder knowledge, timescale, and scientific uncertainty-and others that were specific to each stakeholder group. Future research should support scientists by identifying and resolving barriers to training and effective communication strategies for each stakeholder group that addresses these challenges.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura , Comunicación , Cambio Climático , Humanos , Conocimiento , Estados Unidos
4.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 9153697, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936980

RESUMEN

Knowledge tracing (KT) is the task of modelling students' knowledge state based on their historical interactions on intelligent tutoring systems. Existing KT models ignore the relevance among the multiple knowledge concepts of a question and characteristics of online tutoring systems. This paper proposes a neural Turing machine-based skill-aware knowledge tracing (NSKT) for conjunctive skills, which can capture the relevance among the knowledge concepts of a question to model students' knowledge state more accurately and to discover more latent relevance among knowledge concepts effectively. We analyze the characteristics of the three real-world KT datasets in depth. Experiments on real-world datasets show that NSKT outperforms the state-of-the-art deep KT models on the AUC of prediction. This paper explores details of the prediction process of NSKT in modelling students' knowledge state, as well as the relevance of knowledge concepts and conditional influences between exercises.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Estudiantes , Humanos
5.
Perspect Biol Med ; 65(2): 356-372, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938443

RESUMEN

While there is voluminous literature on pain in the context of medicine, pain as an aesthetic, representational, and epistemological issue remains undertheorized. The present article, after reviewing the nature of pain and surveying the emerging interdisciplinary field of graphic medicine, seeks to close-read sections of Georgia Webber's Dumb (2018) to demonstrate how the artist transforms the inexpressibility and invisibility of pain into a visual and sensate language. Webber's Dumb articulates a complex sense of pain, in which pain is conceived at once as a generative and also as a disabling force. Webber not only transforms pain into a knowable sensation but also teases out the relationship of pain with the creation of comics-artisanal labor-itself. This article also draws attention to the potential of the comics medium in visualizing and expressing pain, and it concludes by showing how pain is at once biological, cultural, and social.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Metáfora , Georgia , Humanos , Dolor
6.
Creat Nurs ; 28(3): 161-166, 2022 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927014

RESUMEN

Several factors predispose nursing to being regarded as an oppressed profession. A majority of nurses are female; the role of the nurse is often seen as being under the direction of physician's orders; and the nature of nurses' clinical practice is seen as task driven. We propose that nursing can be liberated from this image of oppression by transforming nursing education to empower nurses to embrace the fullness of their practice of caring: Providing all human beings with dignity and valuing the care they provide as equally vital to the human condition as the focus on curing is to their physician counterparts. Paolo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed proposes an educational model in which the teacher embraces the authentic thinking required of students in order to fully grasp their role, respecting what each student brings with them and recognizing the value of that knowledge. Trust must be built at every level of health care, beginning with nurses and their educators engaging in relationships rooted in communication, connection, and the ability to engage in productive dialogue. Should students and educators in nursing programs embrace the words of Freire, a transformation can take place in the health-care system. Nurses and nursing students will no longer carry the weight of oppression with them into the workforce.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Atención a la Salud , Femenino , Humanos , Conocimiento , Masculino , Modelos Educacionales
7.
Cogn Sci ; 46(8): e13178, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938844

RESUMEN

Experience-dependent change pervades early human development. Though trajectories of developmental change have been well charted in many domains, the episode-to-episode schedules of experiences on which they are hypothesized to depend have not. Here, we took up this issue in a domain known to be governed in part by early experiences: music. Using a corpus of longform audio recordings, we parameterized the daily schedules of music encountered by 35 infants ages 6-12 months. We discovered that everyday music episodes, as well as the interstices between episodes, typically persisted less than a minute, with most daily schedules also including some very extended episodes and interstices. We also discovered that infants encountered music episodes in a bursty rhythm, rather than a periodic or random rhythm, over the day. These findings join a suite of recent discoveries from everyday vision, motor, and language that expand our imaginations beyond artificial learning schedules and enable theorists to model the history-dependence of developmental process in ways that respect everyday sensory histories. Future theories about how infants build knowledge across multiple episodes can now be parameterized using these insights from infants' everyday lives.


Asunto(s)
Música , Humanos , Lactante , Conocimiento , Lenguaje
9.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2594430, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958747

RESUMEN

Table tennis is China 's national game and the proudest sport in China's sports field. During the research and technology service work of the Chinese table tennis team for many years, it has accumulated a large amount of valuable data on the analysis of skills and tactics of training and matches, match video, training monitoring, and so on. This paper discusses the relevant theory of swarm intelligence algorithm processing big data on the table tennis training competition knowledge interaction platform system, as well as the technical support of Nginx and Tomcat, and determines the technical basis of the table tennis training competition knowledge interaction platform. Through the establishment of the firefly algorithm model, the resource search ability is enhanced, and the traditional firefly algorithm is improved. From the results of the system performance test, it can be found that the improved swarm intelligence algorithm adopted in this paper improves the global convergence, and the load balancing degree gradually decreases with the increase of time. The improved firefly algorithm shows good performance when the bandwidth is low, and the resource occupancy rate is greatly reduced. When the bandwidth is 20, it is reduced by 12.55%. It solves the shortcomings of long time and low success rate, so as to verify the convenience of the system operation and the power of functions and make the platform more intelligent and efficient.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético , Tenis , Algoritmos , Inteligencia , Conocimiento
10.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 3942427, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965763

RESUMEN

With the operation and development of social economy, the emergence of network technology has caused a series of changes in contemporary music media and people's conception of music. A series of transformations have occurred. The article focuses on music network communication and the public's music concept and elaborates on the transformation of its concept and its influence, aiming to lay a good foundation for the development of music network communication through the study of the problem.


Asunto(s)
Música , Comunicación , Humanos , Conocimiento
11.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 18(1): 55, 2022 Aug 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948993

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Yunnan is rich in fungal diversity and cultural diversity, but there are few researches on ethnomycology. In addition, extensive utilization of wild edible fungi (WEF), especially the ectomycorrhizal fungi, threatens the fungal diversity. Hence, this study aims to contribute to the ethnomycological knowledge in Pu'er Prefecture, Yunnan, China, including information on the fungal taxa presented in markets and natural habitats, with emphasis in ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with mushroom vendors in markets and with mushroom collectors in natural habitats were conducted. Information related to local names, habitat, fruiting time, species identification, price, cooking methods and preservation methods of wild edible mushrooms were recorded. Wild edible fungi were collected from forests, and morphological and molecular techniques were used to identify fungal species. RESULTS: A total of 11 markets were visited during this study. The 101 species collected in the markets belonged to 22 families and 39 genera, and about 76% of them were EMF. A wealth of ethnomycological knowledge was recorded, and we found that participants in the 45-65 age group were able to judge mushroom species more accurately. Additionally, men usually had a deepest mushroom knowledge than women. A total of 283 species, varieties and undescribed species were collected from natural habitats, and about 70% of them were EMF. Mushroom species and recorded amounts showed correspondence between markets and the natural habitats on different months. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that Pu'er Prefecture is rich in local mycological knowledge and fungal diversity. However, it is necessary to continue the research of ethnomycological studies and to design and conduct dissemination of local knowledge in order to preserve it, since it currently remains mainly among the elderly population.


Asunto(s)
Agaricales , Micorrizas , Anciano , China , Ecosistema , Femenino , Bosques , Humanos , Conocimiento , Masculino
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954692

RESUMEN

Participatory approaches create opportunities for cooperation, building relationships, gaining knowledge, rethinking, and eventually changing power structures. From an international perspective, the article looks at the historical development of different participatory approaches in which building relationships and managing the balance of power between persons engaged in participatory research are central. The authors present and critically reflect on four research projects to show how they understood and implemented participatory research in different ways and what they have learned from their respective experiences. The "PaSuMi" project worked in the context of addiction prevention with migrants and provides a glimpse into different contexts of participatory research. The initiator of the study "Back into life-with a power wheelchair" works with post-stroke individuals who use the assistive device in community mobility and reflects on the shifting and intertwining roles of participants. In the research project "Workshops for implementation of expanded community nursing", new professional roles for nurses in community nursing were developed; here limitations to participation and ways to deal with them are illustrated. Finally, the "DIPEx" project deals with challenges of enabling participation of persons with multiple sclerosis via narrative interviews on the experience of health and illness. All examples underline the necessity of a permanent reflection on relationships and power dynamics in participatory research processes.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Participativa Basada en la Comunidad , Investigadores , Humanos , Conocimiento , Proyectos de Investigación
13.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7191657, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785057

RESUMEN

Community Question Answering (CQA) web service provides a platform for people to share knowledge. Quora, Stack Overflow, and Yahoo! Answers are few sites where questioners post their queries and answerers respond to their respective queries. Due to the ease of use and quick responsiveness of the CQA platform, these sites are being widely adopted by the community. For better usability, there is a dire need to route the question toward the relevant answerers. To fulfil this gap, recommender systems play an important role in identifying the relevant answerers. To map the user interests more effectively, this research work proposed a dynamic feature representation of the latent user attributes for user profiling. The latent features are mapped by leveraging the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) for topic modelling of user data. The proposed recommendation model segments the user profile based on these latent user profiles incorporating the incremental learning of the users' interests to produce the relevant recommendations in near real time. The experimental setup generated recommendation lists of variable sizes and evaluated using multiple evaluation metrics, such as mean average precision, recall, throughput, and different quality metrics, such as discounted cumulative gain and mean reciprocal rank. The results showed that the proposed model provided a better quality of recommendations in CQA forums, which is promising for future research in this domain.


Asunto(s)
Benchmarking , Conocimiento , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Recuerdo Mental
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11847, 2022 Jul 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831327

RESUMEN

Recent crises have shown that the knowledge of the structure of input-output networks, at the firm level, is crucial when studying economic resilience from the microscopic point of view of firms that try to rewire their connections under supply and demand constraints. Unfortunately, empirical inter-firm network data are protected by confidentiality, hence rarely accessible. The available methods for network reconstruction from partial information treat all pairs of nodes as potentially interacting, thereby overestimating the rewiring capabilities of the system and the implied resilience. Here, we use two big data sets of transactions in the Netherlands to represent a large portion of the Dutch inter-firm network and document its properties. We, then, introduce a generalized maximum-entropy reconstruction method that preserves the production function of each firm in the data, i.e. the input and output flows of each node for each product type. We confirm that the new method becomes increasingly more reliable in reconstructing the empirical network as a finer product resolution is considered and can, therefore, be used as a realistic generative model of inter-firm networks with fine production constraints. Moreover, the likelihood of the model directly enumerates the number of alternative network configurations that leave each firm in its current production state, thereby estimating the reduction in the rewiring capability of the system implied by the observed input-output constraints.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Entropía , Países Bajos
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 577, 2022 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897094

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Twitter has gained increasing popularity and attention as a professional learning environment to share knowledge, exchange information, make connections, and build networks. To evaluate the effectiveness of Twitter-facilitated online discussions, a community of inquiry framework could be used with the three key elements of online environments: cognitive presence, social presence, and teaching presence. This study aims to explore how medical educators participate in synchronous online discussions on Twitter using #MedEdChat, and how participants' perceptions toward the three presences, sense of connectedness and interactions influenced their online satisfaction. METHODS: A survey invitation was emailed using the medical education email list DR-ED and was posted during the weekly Twitter conversations in December 2020, to solicit participants who have been involved in any kind of #MedEdChat activities (i.e., read transcripts or directly participate in discussions). RESULTS: A total of 68 people responded. Through descriptive analysis and path analysis, we found that almost half of the survey respondents were lurkers on #MedEdChat who read others' tweets or transcripts. In addition, participants mainly used Twitter for resource sharing, collaborating with others, and networking. Participants rated teaching (i.e., moderator) presence the highest, followed by overall satisfaction, cognitive presence, sense of connectedness, social presence, and interactions. Among them, sense of connectedness and cognitive presence were significantly associated with participants' overall satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided significant implications for using Twitter as a professional learning community to conduct online discussion activities. Facilitators could think of ways to improve participation by providing tutorials on how to participate on Twitter discussions, introduce or ask new participants to introduce themselves, facilitate discussion with intriguing questions, and invite medical educators of different roles as well as medical students and residents to join to bring in diverse perspectives.


Asunto(s)
Educación Profesional , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Conocimiento , Satisfacción Personal
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897361

RESUMEN

The linkages of digital food communication on social media platforms and analog food behavior of social media users are widely discussed in media and research, but less differentiated. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the research field, the scientific studies are characterized by great heterogeneity in approaching the role of communication and modelling of food behavior, and thus also the conclusions on how digital food communication might be linked to analog food behavior. There is still much uncertainty regarding the relationship and underlying assumptions between digital communication and analog action. The rationale of this scoping review is to systematically summarize the findings of this heterogeneous body of knowledge. The importance and originality of this review are that it focuses explicitly on studies that provide insights into the nexus of digital food communication and analog food behavior, be it in the theoretical foundation, the results, or their interpretation. It draws on a socio-ecological model of food behavior that depicts food behavior variables in different domains and uses a differentiated categorization of food behavior (food choice, dietary intake, and eating behavior) to synthesize the results. Using the Web of Science and PubMed databases, 267 abstracts were identified and screened, of which 20 articles met the inclusion criteria and were selected for full-text analysis. The review offers some important insights on how different variables of the socio-ecological model of food behavior are related to digital food communication and different areas of analog food behavior. This review provides a more discerning understanding of which aspects of analog food behavior may be linked to social media food communication and in which ways. Implications are derived to reflect the role of communication in previous models of food behavior by adding a more nuanced and cross-cutting understanding of food communication.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Atención a la Salud , Humanos , Conocimiento
17.
BMJ ; 378: o1853, 2022 07 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896180

Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Humanos
18.
Salud Colect ; 18: e3850, 2022 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896316

RESUMEN

Favelas are described by dominant groups in the society from negative stereotypes, nevertheless, they are now challenged by various collective actors. Departing from an endeavor gathering academics and dwellers, the Marielle Franco Favelas Dictionary is an online platform that, by means of collective knowledge building, aims to spread different narratives regarding these territories and their populations. This article interrogates how encounters and divergences between knowledge of academics, activists, and favelas' dwellers happened. By these means, we present the Dictionary trajectory that aims overcome tensions and thus incorporate other languages and registries able to accommodate favelas' production and memories.


Los sectores dominantes de la sociedad describen las favelas a partir de definiciones negativas a priori, que han sido cuestionadas por diversos actores colectivos. A partir de una iniciativa conjunta de la comunidad académica y quienes residen en las favelas, se crea el Diccionario de Favelas Marielle Franco como una plataforma en línea que, a través de la construcción colectiva del conocimiento, busca difundir diferentes narrativas sobre estos territorios y sus poblaciones. En este artículo, discutimos cómo se produjeron los acuerdos y divergencias entre el conocimiento de la comunidad académica, activistas y habitantes de barrios marginalizados; y presentamos la trayectoria de la construcción del Diccionario, que busca superar tensiones y así incorporar otros lenguajes y registros capaces de sustentar las producciones y memorias de las favelas.


Asunto(s)
Conocimiento , Brasil , Humanos
19.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 389, 2022 07 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35803947

RESUMEN

The rapid generation of large amounts of information about the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and the disease COVID-19 makes it increasingly difficult to gain a comprehensive overview of current insights related to the disease. With this work, we aim to support the rapid access to a comprehensive data source on COVID-19 targeted especially at researchers. Our knowledge graph, COVIDPUBGRAPH, an RDF knowledge graph of scientific publications, abides by the Linked Data and FAIR principles. The base dataset for the extraction is CORD-19, a dataset of COVID-19-related publications, which is updated regularly. Consequently, COVIDPUBGRAPH is updated biweekly. Our generation pipeline applies named entity recognition, entity linking and link discovery approaches to the original data. The current version of COVIDPUBGRAPH contains 268,108,670 triples and is linked to 9 other datasets by over 1 million links. In our use case studies, we demonstrate the usefulness of our knowledge graph for different applications. COVIDPUBGRAPH is publicly available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Humanos , Conocimiento , Publicaciones , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Ir Med J ; 114(9): 462, 2022 10 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35863329

RESUMEN

Background Less than full-time (LTFT) training in Ireland is still unusual. Our aim was to identify perceived barriers to LTFT training amongst paediatric trainees and make recommendations to improve knowledge, uptake, and experience of LTFT training. Methods An email questionnaire was disseminated to RCPI paediatric trainees to assess current awareness of and perceptions of barriers to LTFT training. Results 218 questionnaires were distributed, 59 (29%) responded of whom 50 (85%) were female. 17 planned to apply for LTFT training. Seven had no knowledge of LTFT training. The perceived barriers with the highest rankings (% respondents deeming highest possible relevance) were: LTFT post availability (49%), potential impact on career progression (51%), and availability of only 0.5 whole time equivalency (WTE) - i.e. 19.5 hours/week (54%). Trainees noted lack of flexibility, including availability of the scheme only from July to July, restriction to maximum 2 years. Trainees felt applications would be rejected if they were not a parent. Some reported perceptions from teams that LTFT trainees are less committed and that trainees can find it difficult to integrate. Discussion Training options including >0.5WTE posts should be made available to all trainees, and a cultural shift within training bodies and with trainers should be encouraged to recognise LTFT training as an acceptable pathway for all trainees.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado en Medicina , Empleo , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Irlanda , Conocimiento , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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