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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246463, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355899

RESUMEN

Abstract Quilombola communities are present in many Brazilian states living in precarious health conditions. This is due to geographic isolation, limitations to the access of the area in which they live in, and the lack of quality in the service when it is needed to be provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life of women from a quilombola community in northeastern Brazil. It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. 160 adult women were first interviewed through a form to collect a profile and then it was applied the WHOQOL Quality of Life questionnaire - bref. It was observed that the women were on average 40.7 years old (±17.25), married, self-declared black, who did not finish elementary school, housewife, had no income, with their own masonry house, with up to 6 rooms, supplied by a box of community treated water. Quality of Life had median scores in the domains: physical (3.18), psychological (3.4), social relationships (3.45) and environment (2.59). With this research, it was possible to characterize the quilombola community of Santa Luzia do Norte-AL regarding the difficulties of access to health and income generation, issues that affect their health condition. The problems described in this study can contribute to health actions being planned and carried out in order to improve socioeconomic and health conditions in this community, considering the social, political and environmental context, valuing their traditional knowledge and practices.


Resumo As comunidades quilombolas, estão presentes em diversos estados brasileiros, vivendo em condições de saúde mais precárias. Isto ocorre por conta do isolamento geográfico, das limitações de acesso e da falta de qualidade no serviço quando este é prestado. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de mulheres de uma comunidade quilombola do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Foram entrevistadas 160 mulheres adultas, através de um formulário para a coleta de perfil e do questionário de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL - bref. Foi observado que as mulheres tinham em média 40,7 anos (±17,25), casadas, autodeclaradas negras, com fundamental incompleto, do lar, sem renda, com moradia de alvenaria, própria, com até 6 cômodos, abastecidas por caixa de água comunitária, tratada. A Qualidade de Vida, apresentou escores medianos nos domínios: físico (3,18), psicológico (3,4), relações sociais (3,45) e meio ambiente (2,59). Com a realização desta pesquisa foi possível caracterizar a comunidade quilombola de Santa Luzia do Norte-AL quanto as dificuldades de acesso a saúde e geração de renda, fatos que repercutem na sua condição de saúde. Os problemas descritos neste estudo podem contribuir para que ações de saúde sejam planejadas e efetivadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições socioeconômicas e de saúde nessa comunidade, considerando-se o contexto social, político e ambiental, valorizando seus saberes e práticas tradicionais.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Calidad de Vida , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237434, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393428

RESUMEN

Aim: To determine the prevalence of dental development anomalies and type of influence on the smile of adolescent students. Method: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study carried out in two public (A1) and two private (A2) schools chosen by lot in the city of Parnaíba-Piauí. The sample calculation was based on the target population: number of people enrolled in public and private schools between 15 and 19 years, in the city of Parnaíba-PI, which totaled 6209 students in 2020, according to a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics ­ IBGE. A questionnaire on epidemiological data and aesthetic self-perception of the smile was applied to 160 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old, from August 2020 to July 2021. The clinical examination was carried out under natural light, to check for the presence of anomaly(s) in the dental development. Students who presented only one pathology would be called group 1 (G1), those who presented two would be called group 2 (G2) and those who presented 3 or more would be called group 3 (G3). On the other hand, adolescents in whom no anomaly was evidenced would participate in the control group (CG), both in A1 and A2. Results: It was observed that 37.5% of the sample had only a type of dental anomaly, corresponding to 60 individuals. The most prevalent were enamel hypoplasia, fusion, transposition, agenesis, ectopic eruption, microdent and dens-in-dent. It was possible to verify a higher prevalence in the maxilla, private schools (76.6%) and females (86.6%). In 45% of adolescents with dental anomalies, embarrassment was observed when smiling. Conclusion: The prevalence was relatively high, highlighting the enamel hypoplasia, influencing the smile esthetics of a reasonable number of adolescents, whether for acquaintances, strangers or even for photographs


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Sonrisa , Anomalías Dentarias/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Esmalte Dental/anomalías , Diagnóstico Bucal , Estética Dental
3.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 23(2): 128-130, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722851

RESUMEN

AIM: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition in which the throat narrows or collapses repeatedly during sleep, causing obstructive sleep apnoea events. This disorder is present in the paediatric population with a prevalence estimated between 1.2% and 5.8%. Down Syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal alteration associated with mental disability and characterised by other clinical manifestations, and its incidence is estimated at 1/800 births worldwide. Most of the craniofacial features typical of DS represent a risk factor for the development of OSAS. Routine screening has been recommended in some countries but it is still not a standard practice. The aim of this study is the Italian linguistic validation of a questionnaire for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with Down Syndrome. METHODS: After careful review of the existing scientific literature, a specific questionnaire was selected for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with DS. The questionnaire was then translated into Italian and administered to 111 parents of children with Down syndrome, for online completion. The last part of the questionnaire was dedicated to the comprehension of the questionnaire itself, with a specific focus on its clarity, accuracy and difficulty in completing it. CONCLUSION: The positive feedback registered in the comprehension part of the questionnaire, certified the good quality of the Italian translation and confirmed the questionnaire as a useful screening method to identify the comorbidity of OSAS and DS.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Down , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Niño , Síndrome de Down/complicaciones , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiología , Humanos , Lingüística , Faringe , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/diagnóstico , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

RESUMEN

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Adulto Joven , Plantas Medicinales , Pakistán , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Hojas de la Planta , Etnobotánica , Fitoterapia , Medicina Tradicional
5.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 95(3): 559-571, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220487

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Estimate the effort-reward imbalance prevalence (ERI) among physicians. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted from 2005 to 2019 using PRISMA guidelines on the PubMed and EBSCOhost search engines. Data were classified according to the ERI definition used by the authors. A meta-analysis was performed on effort and reward scores and on ERI prevalence rates. RESULTS: Out of 3787 results, we selected 41 studies. The physicians' ERI prevalence rate ranged from 3.50 to 96.9%. The standardized pooled effort mean score was 58.5 for effort and 48.9 for a reward out of 100, respectively. The overall combined ERI rate (when the ratio between effort and reward scores was above 1) was 40.2% among 21,939 practitioners (31.7% in the working European population). ERI rate was 70.2% using a four-point Likert scale and 21.1% using a five-point Likert scale. The highest rate (96.9%) was observed among German rural general practitioners and the lowest rate (3.50%) among Swiss hospital practitioners. The low percentage of variability (I2 = 27%) attributed to effort scores heterogeneity between studies suggested that this dimension is not discriminant in the physician ERI assessment. The high heterogeneity in reward scores (I2 = 83%) indicated that this dimension is sensible in ERI assessment among physicians. The number of items used did not appear as a significant source of heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Physician job ERI appeared to be higher than in the working population. Studying each dimension and item indicators could help improve psychosocial risk prevention.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Médicos , Humanos , Médicos/psicología , Prevalencia , Recompensa , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Carga de Trabajo/psicología
6.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 288-294, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931536

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery and mental practice are important for the acquisition and mastery of surgical skills. The success of this technique relies on the use of a well-developed mental script. In this study, we shared how we developed a mental script for basic micro suturing training by using a low-fidelity rubber glove model. METHODS: This study applied the design and development research framework. Five expert surgeons developed a mental script by performing a cognitive walkthrough to repair a vertical opening in a rubber glove model, followed by hierarchical task analysis. A draft script was created, and its face and content validity assessed with a checking-back process. Twenty-eight surgeons used the Mental Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ) to assess the validity of the final script. RESULTS: The process of developing the mental script is detailed. The assessment by the expert panel showed the mental script had good face and content validity. The mean overall MIQ score was 5.2±1.1 (standard deviation), demonstrating the validity of generating mental imagery from the mental script developed in this study for micro suturing in the rubber glove model. CONCLUSION: The methodological approach described in this study is based on a design and development research framework to teach surgical skills. This model is inexpensive and easily accessible, addressing the challenges of reduced opportunities to practise surgical skills. However, although motor skills are important, the surgeon's other non-technical expertise is not addressed with this model. Thus, this model should act as one surgical training approach, but not replace it.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Cirujanos , Humanos , Destreza Motora , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Suturas
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366230

RESUMEN

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Odontólogos , Diabetes Mellitus , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354777

RESUMEN

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudiantes de Odontología , Conducta , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Odontología Pediátrica , Métodos
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354782

RESUMEN

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Restauración Dental Permanente , Restauración Dental Provisional , Endodoncia
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e228274, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1392982

RESUMEN

Parents are responsible for their children's health care, and their oral health-related knowledge, attitude, and habits can affect their children's oral health. Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding their children's oral health. Methods: In this study, a sample of 398 parents of 4- to 6-year-old children completed a self-designed questionnaire. The parents' oral health-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices were assessed. Children's oral health was evaluated using decayed, missing, and filled tooth index (dmft). Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 23.0 with a p < 0.05 as statistically significant. Categorical data were reported as frequency (%), and continuous data were reported as mean ± SD. Moreover, Spearman's correlation, multiple regression, Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis test, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used. Results: Most of the parents had a satisfactory level of knowledge and positive attitudes regarding their children's oral health. The knowledge and attitude scores were higher among parents with higher education (p<0.001), and the knowledge score was higher among mothers (p=0.004). Also, the attitude score was correlated with the number of decayed, missed, and filled teeth of children (p=0.01, p=0.04, and p=0.007, respectively). However, there was no significant relationship between dmft and the parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices using multiple regression. The mean dmft of children was 6.86 ± 3.56, and most of the parents had poor oral health-related practices. Conclusion: The parents' level of knowledge and attitudes were satisfactory, but they had poor oral health practices. Moreover, there was no significant relationship between children's oral health and their parents' level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Educating programs and strategies are needed to enhance parents' oral health-related attitudes and knowledge and, more importantly, change their oral health practices


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Padres , Niño , Salud Bucal , Educación en Salud Dental , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Conocimiento
11.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-20, dic. 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF, BNUY, BNUY-Enf | ID: biblio-1392412

RESUMEN

El contexto epidemiológico que se vive a nivel mundial desde el comienzo de la pandemia por COVID-19, puso de manifiesto factores de sobrecarga laboral en el personal de la salud, relacionados con la exposición diaria a situaciones que ponen en riesgo su integridad física y mental. Tomando en cuenta el valor social, la validez científica y el beneficio que se genera con la investigación en el campo de la salud, nos propusimos explorar y analizar en qué medida y en qué aspectos la situación de pandemia ha afectado las cargas en enfermería partiendo de la hipótesis de un aumento en la percepción de cargas desde el inicio de la pandemia por COVID-19. En función de los resultados obtenidos, elaboramos recomendaciones y una propuesta que contribuya al desarrollo de un entorno de trabajo saludable para el personal de enfermería, estableciendo medidas de prevención e intervención destinadas a minimizar los riesgos e incrementar la satisfacción laboral. Para el relevamiento de los datos se aplicó una encuesta online, anónima, auto administrada dirigida al personal de enfermería de Uruguay que trabaja en los tres niveles de atención, la cual nos permitió un acercamiento a los principales indicadores de carga física y mental. En términos absolutos se encuestaron 304 licenciados en enfermería y 677 auxiliares. Si se comparan los encuestados con el Registro de Habilitación del MSP (2017), la participación alcanzó el 3,29 % de la población total en enfermería. Se logró la cobertura de los 19 departamentos de Uruguay. Los resultados obtenidos, evidenciaron un incremento en la carga física y mental, a partir del contexto generado por COVID-19, relacionado principalmente con aspectos institucionales, alteraciones fisiológicas, psicoafectivas y sociofamiliares.


The epidemiological context that has been experienced worldwide since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic has revealed factors of work overload in health personnel, related to daily exposure to situations that put their physical and mental integrity at risk. Considering the social value, the scientific validity and the benefit generated by research in the field of health, we set out to explore and analyze to what extent and in what aspects the pandemic situation has affected nursing work load based on the hypothesis of an increase in the perception of burdens since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the results obtained, we developed recommendations and a proposal that contributes to the development of a healthy work environment for nursing staff, establishing prevention and intervention measures aimed at minimizing risks and increasing job satisfaction. To collect the data, an online, anonymous, self-administered survey was applied to nursing staff in Uruguay who work at the three levels of care, which allowed us to approach the main indicators of physical and mental load. In absolute terms, 304 nursing graduates and 677 auxiliaries were surveyed. When we compare the respondents with the MSP Qualification Registry (2017), participation reached 3.29% of the total nursing population. Coverage of the 19 departments of Uruguay was achieved. The results showed an increase in the physical and mental load, based on the context generated by COVID-19, mainly related to institutional aspects, physiological, psycho-affective and socio-family alterations.


O contexto epidemiológico que se vive mundialmente desde o início da pandemia do COVID-19 tem revelado fatores de sobrecarga de trabalho nos profi ssionais de saúde, relacionados à exposição diária a situações que colocam em risco sua integridade física e mental. Levando em conta o valor social, a validade científica e o benefício gerado pela pesquisa na área da saúde, propusemo-nos a explorar e analisar em que medida e em que aspectos a situação pandêmica afetou as cargas de trabalho de enfermagem com base na hipótese de aumento na percepção de ônus desde o início da pandemia de COVID-19. Com base nos resultados obtidos, desenvolvemos recomendações e uma proposta que contribui para o desenvolvimento de um ambiente de trabalho saudável para a equipe de enfermagem, estabelecendo medidas de prevenção e intervenção paravive minimizar riscos e aumentar a satisfação no trabalho. Para coletar os dados, foi aplicada uma pesquisa online, anônima e autoadministrada aos profissionais de enfermagem do Uruguai que atuam nos três níveis de atenção, o que permitiu abordar os principais indicadores de carga física e mental. Em termos absolutos, foram pesquisados 304 egressos de enfermagem e 677 auxiliares. Se compararmos os respondentes com o Registro de Qualificação MSP (2017), a participação atingiu 3,29% do total da população de enfermagem. A cobertura dos 19 departamentos do Uruguai foi alcançada. Os resultados obtidos mostraram um aumento da carga física e mental, com base no contexto gerado pela COVID-19, principalmente relacionado a aspectos institucionais, alterações fisiológicas, psicoafetivas e sociofamiliares.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Riesgos Laborales , Carga de Trabajo , Estrés Laboral , COVID-19 , Personal de Enfermería , Uruguay , Condiciones de Trabajo , Agotamiento Profesional , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , COVID-19/psicología
12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 763-766, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376773

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction Basketball is a popular sport globally, and as the development of college basketball develops, basketball injuries also tend to increase. The knee has the highest injuries and problems incidence, reducing the athlete's ability and shortening their professional career. Objective Explore the causes and characteristics of knee joint injuries in basketball players, comparing their different levels, performances, and positions. Methods 600 college basketball players were studied. Current and past injuries were collected. A questionnaire on lifestyle, behavior, and habits was also applied, and their levels of physical ability and knowledge were also evaluated. Statistical methods were employed to investigate the characteristics and causes of knee joint injuries in young athletes. Results Among knee joint injuries of adolescent basketball players, there were more medial collateral ligament injuries and meniscal injuries. The probabilities are 34.1% and 24.3%, respectively. Patellar strain and cruciate ligament injury accounted for 12.1% and 19.5%, respectively, and the probability of fracture injury was 2.4%. Conclusion The knee joint is one of the most vulnerable joints in basketball. The consequences of its injury can bring an athletic career down and have a considerable impact on athletes' physical and mental health. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O basquete é um esporte popular em todo o mundo e com o desenvolvimento do basquetebol universitário, as lesões causadas pelo basquetebol também tendem a aumentar. O joelho possui o maior índice de lesões e problemas nessa articulação também reduzem a capacidade do atleta, encurtando a sua carreira profissional. Objetivo Explorar as causas e características das lesões na articulação do joelho em jogadores de basquetebol comparando seus diferentes níveis, desempenhos e posições. Métodos 600 universitários jogadores de basquete foram estudados. Foram arquivadas as lesões atuais e pregressas. Um questionário sobre estilo de vida, comportamento e hábitos também foi aplicado; seus níveis de habilidade física e conhecimento foram avaliados. Métodos estatísticos investigaram as características e causas das lesões na articulação do joelho nos jovens atletas. Resultados Entre as lesões articulares de joelho nos jogadores adolescentes de basquete, houve mais lesões ligamentares colaterais mediais e lesões meniscais. As probabilidades são de 34,1% e 24,3%, respectivamente. A tensão patelar e a lesão do ligamento cruzado representaram 12,1% e 19,5%, respectivamente, e a probabilidade de lesão por fratura foi de 2,4%. Conclusão A articulação do joelho é uma das partes mais vulneráveis do basquetebol. As consequências de sua lesão podem acarretar o fim da carreira esportiva, tendo um impacto considerável sobre a saúde física e mental dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El baloncesto es un deporte popular en todo el mundo y con el desarrollo del baloncesto universitario, las lesiones causadas por el baloncesto también tienden a aumentar. La rodilla tiene el mayor índice de lesiones y los problemas en esta articulación también reducen la capacidad del deportista, acortando su carrera profesional. Objetivo Explorar las causas y características de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en jugadores de baloncesto comparando sus diferentes niveles, rendimientos y posiciones. Métodos Se estudiaron 600 jugadores de baloncesto universitario. Se presentaron las lesiones actuales y pasadas. También se aplicó un cuestionario sobre el estilo de vida, el comportamiento y los hábitos; y también se evaluaron sus niveles de capacidad física y conocimientos. Se emplearon métodos estadísticos para investigar las características y las causas de las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla en atletas jóvenes. Resultados Entre las lesiones de la articulación de la rodilla de los jugadores de baloncesto adolescentes, hubo más lesiones del ligamento colateral medial y de menisco. Las probabilidades son del 34,1% y del 24,3%, respectivamente. La distensión rotuliana y la lesión del ligamento cruzado representaron el 12,1% y el 19,5%, respectivamente, y la probabilidad de lesión por fractura fue del 2,4%. Conclusión La articulación de la rodilla es una de las partes más vulnerables del baloncesto. Las consecuencias de su lesión pueden llevar al fin de una carrera deportiva, teniendo un impacto considerable en la salud física y mental de los atletas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Traumatismos en Atletas/epidemiología , Baloncesto , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estilo de Vida
13.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e938072, 2022 Sep 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127857

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dental health on quality of life (QoL) in 117 patients from Kosova, aged 6-80 years, using the Dental Impact on Daily Living (DL) questionnaire and the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) questionnaire. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 117 patients, approximately half male and half female, aged 6-80 years. The subjects came for dental appointments and filled out 2 questionnaires: DIDL addressing questions on appearance, comfort, pain, performance and eating restriction, and OHRQoL assessing dental-specific questions for evaluation of satisfaction with oral health, and evaluation of importance they attribute to oral health. Collected data included age, gender, income, education level, and frequency of brushing teeth per day. RESULTS The participants were relatively satisfied with their DIDL health (score >0) and also had positive views on OHRQoL (score >0). No participants evaluated the appearance, comfort, eating restrictions, or pain as satisfactory. Comparisons of age, gender, education, income level, and frequency of brushing teeth showed that female participants evaluated their DIDL higher than male participants (P=0.043). Age was correlated with the frequency of teeth brushing per day (rho=-0.450; P<0.001). Gender, age, education level, income level, and frequency of teeth brushing did not influence QoL. CONCLUSIONS This small study from Kosovo showed reasonable satisfaction with oral health and its associated QoL. While participants reported good effects of oral health on their QoL, they were least satisfied with comfort and most satisfied with their performance.


Asunto(s)
Salud Bucal , Calidad de Vida , Femenino , Humanos , Kosovo , Masculino , Dolor , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Ann Ist Super Sanita ; 58(3): 154-161, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128962

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The whole hospital system was stressed and at risk in the first phase of the pandemic. This study examined the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in all hospital staff, medical and non-medical, within two months of the pandemic declaration. Survey concerned staff 4510 health workers of Italian Highly Specialized Research Hospitals. METHOD: Subjects were asked to complete an on-line self-reported questionnaire, the PTSD Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and subjective perception of safety related to personal protective equipment (PPE). RESULTS: The sample included staff working in hospitals with or without COVID-19 patient admissions. Overall, 11.56% of the hospitals staff met the symptoms criteria for probable PTSD. The sample included 80.63% (3467) medical staff workers and 19.37% (833) non-medical staff workers. The 31.91% of participants worked in COVID-19 hospitals/wards. The prevalence of positive screening for PTSD symptoms in medical staff was 12.42% (426) and in non-medical staff, 8.59% (70). Among medical staff, anesthesiologists had a significant prevalence of PTSD (22.35%), followed by health care assistants/technicians (15.38%) and physicians (10.11%). Among non-medical staff, personnel involved in cleaning, catering, maintenance, security, and transportation, the symptoms of PTSD reached a rate of 12.24% and in administrative staff 8.47%. Risk factors associated with PTSD included working as an anesthesiologist, perceiving PPE as inadequate, and working in COVID-19 hospitals/wards. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, as in other studies, the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among hospital workers was significatively higher than the lifetime prevalence of PTSD in the general population, showing the pandemic's incredible impact.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , COVID-19/epidemiología , Hospitales , Humanos , Pandemias , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
Wiad Lek ; 75(8 pt 2): 1998-2002, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129085

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To investigate and analyse certain aspects of potential adherence to rehabilitation treatment of patients with musculoskeletal injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study was conducted among 108 patients with musculoskeletal injuries. A questionnaire, containing 25 questions, was used to determine the importance for patients of rehabilitation treatment and their readiness to perform its measures. RESULTS: Results: It was found that for 98.0 ± 2.6% of surveyed patients with injuries it is important not to experience limitations in the future functioning of their bodies. 97.2 ± 3.1% of the surveyed patients with injuries indicated their readiness to do exercises prescribed by a rehabilitation specialist at home, and 87.0 ± 6.3% were ready to perform physical exercises even in case of unpleasant sensations or discomfort. It was determined that 67.6 ± 8.8% of the surveyed patients with injuries are ready to attend rehabilitation classes with specialists, 69.5 ± 8.7% are ready to record their own achievements at home and 73.1 ± 8.4% of the patients consent to maintain regular contact with rehabilitation specialists via the Internet. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Patients with musculoskeletal injuries have a high level of understanding of the importance of rehabilitation. The vast majority of them are ready to perform most of the components of rehabilitation, but without significant changes in normal life and with a predominant stay at home. All this requires the development of organizational measures to form the adherence to particular components of rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas , Ejercicio Físico , Terapia por Ejercicio , Humanos , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/rehabilitación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Wiad Lek ; 75(8 pt 2): 2020-2025, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129089

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To analyse the value priorities of first-year medical students and outline areas of educational work to develop a system of professional values of future doctors who are able to work in circumstances of challenges of the time, as well as military conflicts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The method of questionnaires involving the students of Ternopil National Medical University from Ukraine and India was used, as well as the method of content analysis of students' creative work. At the final stage of the study, essays written by Ukrainian first-year students on the day of the beginning of the war in Ukraine on February 24, 2022 were analysed. RESULTS: Results: The desire to help people was the motive to enter a medical university for the majority of both Ukrainian and international students. Besides, Ukrainians identified civic values that are important in wartime: unity, national consciousness, struggle. In their opinion, the first day of the war determined the splash of anti-values: panic, fear, confusion. However, a similar study conducted ten days after the start of the war showed increase of confidence in victory, the levelling of negative emotions among Ukrainians. Therefore, the issue of the dynamics of values in wartime should be studied more. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Institutions of higher medical education should maintain a high intrinsic motivation of students in their altruistic striving to serve people, and improve the adaptation of first-year students, especially international ones. In wartime, it is necessary to intensify the educational work regarding ethical and spiritual development for strengthening the psychological well-being of students.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Motivación , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Escritura
18.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(9): e38497, 2022 Sep 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129745

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Shift is a novel smartphone app for providing a digital-first mental health resource to junior doctors. It contains psychoeducational material, cognitive behavioral modules, guided mediations, information on common work stressors, and a section on help-seeking options for psychological problems through workplace and private avenues. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the use and potential effectiveness of Shift on depressive and anxiety symptoms (primary outcomes) and work and social functioning, COVID-19 safety concerns, and help seeking (secondary outcomes). This study also sought feedback on whether Shift was seen as an acceptable tool. METHODS: Junior doctors in New South Wales, Australia, were approached through promotional activities from the Ministry of Health, specialist medical colleges, and social media advertisements between June and August 2020. Consenting participants provided web-based baseline data, used the Shift app for 30 days, and were asked to complete a poststudy web-based questionnaire. Outcomes were analyzed under the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 222 female (n=156, 70.3%; mean age 29.2, SD 4.61 years) junior doctors provided full baseline data. Of these, 89.2% (198/222) downloaded the app, logged into the app approximately 6 times (mean 5.68, SD 7.51), completed 4 in-app activities (mean 3.77, SD 4.36), and spent a total of 1 hour on in-app activities (mean 52:23, SD 6:00:18) over 30 days. Postintervention and app use data were provided by 24.3% (54/222) of participants. Depressive and anxiety symptoms significantly decreased between the pre- and postassessment points as expected; however, physicians' COVID-19 safety concerns significantly increased. Work and social functioning, COVID-19 concerns for family and friends, and help seeking did not change significantly. There was no significant relationship between symptom changes and app use (number of log-ins, days between first and last log-in, and total activity time). Most poststudy completers (31/54, 57%) rated Shift highly or very highly. CONCLUSIONS: Despite high levels of nonresponse to the poststudy assessment and increases in COVID-19 safety concerns, junior doctors who used the app reported some improvements in depression and anxiety, which warrant further exploration in a robust manner.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Aplicaciones Móviles , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Cuerpo Médico de Hospitales , Salud Mental , Teléfono Inteligente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Salud Publica Mex ; 64(5, sept-oct): 471-477, 2022 Aug 19.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130371

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between disordered eating behaviors (DEB) and depressive symptoms, suicide attempts, and alcohol and tobacco use in adolescents in a national survey in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2018-19 were used. Three levels of DEB were established: no risk (DEB-NR), moderate risk (DEB-MR), and high risk (DEB-HR). An ordinal logistic regression model was performed with level of DEB risk as a dependent variable. RESULTS: National prevalence of DEB-MR was 6.0% (95%CI: 5.6, 6.5), while that of DEB-HR was 1.3% (95%CI: 1.1, 1.6). Suicide attempt (OR= 1.82, 95%CI: 1.02,3.25) and depressive symptoms (OR= 2.6, 95%CI: 1.40,4.98) were associated with being at a higher risk of DEB. CONCLUSION: Since both depressive symptoms and suicide attempt are associated with DEB, prevention strategies should consider interventions that simultaneously address the various mental health problems present in adolescence.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos , Adolescente , Humanos , México/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Intento de Suicidio , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Salud Publica Mex ; 64(4, jul-ago): 429-433, 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130377

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Evaluar la consistencia de las estimaciones de fecundidad obtenidas de dos levantamientos con distinto tamaño muestral y diferente forma de recolección de infor-mación. Material y métodos. Con datos de las Encuesta Demográfica Retrospectiva (Eder) 2011 y 2017, se comparan indicadores reproductivos en dos muestras de mujeres de 43 años y más. RESULTADOS: Los dos levantamientos producen las mismas estimaciones de intensidad y calendario de la fe-cundidad para la cohorte estudiada, incluyendo las diferencias por escolaridad y experiencia conyugal. También se confirma consistencia en los patrones de formación familiar más fre-cuentes y en la mayor preferencia por hijos varones. Con-clusiones. Los ajustes al diseño estadístico y la recolección en formato electrónico no tuvieron efecto significativo en las estimaciones de fecundidad y sus diferenciales por nivel de escolaridad. Evaluaciones del mismo tipo son requeridas en la variedad de dimensiones temáticas que abarca la encuesta para demostrar la validez de la información que recaba.


Asunto(s)
Fertilidad , Demografía , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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