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1.
Small ; 20(25): e2309031, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38258399

RESUMO

Liposomes are widely used in the biological field due to their good biocompatibility and surface modification properties. With the development of biochemistry and material science, many liposome structures and their surface functional components have been modified and optimized one by one, pushing the liposome platform from traditional to functionalized and intelligent, which will better satisfy and expand the needs of scientific research. However, a main limiting factor effecting the efficiency of liposomes is the complicated environmental conditions in the living body. Currently, in order to overcome the above problem, functionalized liposomes have become a very promising strategy. In this paper, binding strategies of liposomes with four main functional elements, namely nucleic acids, antibodies, peptides, and stimuli-responsive motif have been summarized for the first time. In addition, based on the construction characteristics of functionalized liposomes, such as drug-carrying, targeting, long-circulating, and stimulus-responsive properties, a comprehensive overview of their features and respective research progress are presented. Finally, the paper critically presents the limitations of these functionalized liposomes in the current applications and also prospectively suggests the future development directions, aiming to accelerate realization of their industrialization.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Lipossomos/química , Humanos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Peptídeos/química
2.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(6): 3507-3518, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758685

RESUMO

Iridescent cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films with chiral nematic nanostructures exhibit great potential in optical devices, sensors, painting, and anticounterfeiting applications. CNCs can assemble into a chiral nematic liquid crystal structure by evaporation-assisted self-assembly (EISA) and vacuum-assisted self-assembly (VASA) techniques. However, there is a lack of comprehensive examinations of their structure-property correlations, which are essential for fabricating materials with unique properties. In this work, we gained insights into the optical, mechanical, and structural differences of CNC films engineered using the two techniques. In contrast to the random self-assembly at the liquid-air interface in EISA, the continuous external pressure in the VASA process forces CNCs to assemble at the filter-liquid interface. This results in fewer defects in the interfaces between tactoids and highly ordered cholesteric phases. Owing to the distinct CNC assembly behaviors, the films prepared by these two methods show great differences in the nanostructure, microstructure, and macroscopic morphology. Consequently, the highly ordered cholesteric structure gives VASA-CNC films a more uniform structural color and enhanced mechanical performance. These fundamental understandings of the relationship of structure-property nanoengineering through various assembly techniques are essential for designing and constructing high-performance chiral iridescent CNC materials.


Assuntos
Celulose , Cristais Líquidos , Nanopartículas , Celulose/química , Nanopartículas/química , Cristais Líquidos/química
3.
J Periodontal Res ; 59(2): 355-365, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38102743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the role of developmental endothelial locus-1 (DEL-1) in osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and investigate the therapeutic effect of DEL-1 in ligature-induced experimental periodontitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). BACKGROUND: T2DM is a significant risk factor for periodontitis. Treatment modalities for periodontitis with T2DM are being explored. DEL-1 is a versatile protein that can modulate the different stages of inflammatory diseases including periodontitis. The direct effect of DEL-1 on osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs in periodontitis with T2DM is poorly understood. METHODS: Primary hPDLSCs were isolated from periodontal ligament tissue and identified by flow cytometry. In osteogenesis experiments, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alizarin Red staining and western blot were used to assess the osteogenic effect of DEL-1 on hPDLSCs in high glucose and inflammation environments. The mouse model of ligature-induced experimental periodontitis was established. H&E and Masson's trichrome staining were used to assess the change of periodontal tissue after local periodontal injection of DEL-1. Immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate osteogenic-related protein expression. RESULTS: hPDLSCs expressed mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-specific surface markers and were negative for hematopoietic cell surface markers. hPDLSCs had the potential for multidirectional differentiation. DEL-1 could enhance the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in high glucose and inflammation environments, although it did not return to the control level. Histological staining showed that DEL-1 contributed to alveolar bone regeneration and osteogenic-related protein expression, but the degree of improvement in T2DM mice was lower than in non-T2DM mice. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we demonstrated that DEL-1 could promote osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in high glucose and inflammation environment and rescue alveolar bone loss in experimental periodontitis with T2DM, which could provide a novel therapeutic target for periodontitis with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Periodontite , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Osteogênese , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diferenciação Celular , Inflamação , Regeneração Óssea , Ligamento Periodontal , Glucose/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas
4.
Environ Res ; 245: 117803, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043900

RESUMO

The relationship between microplastics (MPs) and human respiratory health has garnered significant attention since inhalation constitutes the primary pathway for atmospheric MP exposure. While recent studies have revealed respiratory risks associated with MPs, virgin MPs used as plastic surrogates in these experiments did not represent the MPs that occur naturally and that undergo aging effects. Thus, the effects of aged MPs on respiratory health remain unknown. We herein analyzed the interaction between inhalable aged MPs with lung surfactant (LS) extracted from porcine lungs vis-à-vis interfacial chemistry employing in-vitro experiments, and explored oxidative damage induced by aged MPs in simulated lung fluid (SLF) and the underlying mechanisms of action. Our results showed that aged MPs significantly increased the surface tension of the LS, accompanied by a diminution in its foaming ability. The stronger adsorptive capacity of the aged MPs toward the phospholipids of LS appeared to produce increased surface tension, while the change in foaming ability might have resulted from a variation in the protein secondary structure and the adsorption of proteins onto MPs. The adsorption of phospholipid and protein components then led to the aggregation of MPs in SLF, where the aged MPs exhibited smaller hydrodynamic diameters in comparison with the unaged MPs, likely interacting with biomolecules in bodily fluids to exacerbate health hazards. Persistent free radicals were also formed on aged MPs, inducing the formation of reactive oxygen species such as superoxide radicals (O2•-), hydrogen peroxide (HOOH), and hydroxyl radicals (•OH); this would lead to LS lipid peroxidation and protein damage and increase the risk of respiratory disease. Our investigation was the first-ever to reveal a potential toxic effect of aged MPs and their actions on the human respiratory system, of great significance in understanding the risk of inhaled MPs on lung health.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Suínos , Humanos , Idoso , Plásticos/toxicidade , Pulmão/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Tensoativos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
5.
Oral Dis ; 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Periodontitis seriously affects oral-related quality of life and overall health. Long intergenic non-coding RNA 01126 (LINC01126) is aberrantly expressed in periodontitis tissues. This study aimed to explore the possible pathogenesis of LINC01126 in periodontitis. METHODS: Inflammatory model of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) was established. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing assay, and flow cytometry were utilized to detect biological roles of LINC01126. Binding site of miR-655-3p to LINC01126 and IL-6 was predicted. Then, subcellular localization of LINC01126 and the binding ability of miR-655-3p to LINC01126 and IL-6 in HGFs were verified. Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining were utilized to detect tissue morphology and proteins expression of clinical samples. RESULTS: LINC01126 silencing can alleviate cell inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide derived from Porphyromonas gingivalis, reduce cell apoptosis, and promote cell migration. As a "sponge" for miR-655-3p, LINC01126 inhibits its binding to mRNA of IL-6, thereby promoting inflammation progression and JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation. Quantitative real-time PCR, Western Blot, and IHC results of clinical tissue samples further confirmed that miR-655-3p expression was down-regulated and IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 was abnormally activated in periodontitis tissues. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, serving as an endogenous competitive RNA of miR-655-3p, LINC01126 promotes IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 pathway activation, thereby promoting periodontitis pathogenesis.

6.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 169, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether polyetheretherketone (PEEK) rods have potential as an alternative to titanium alloy (Ti) rods in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) remains unclear, especially in cases with insufficient anterior support due to the absence of a cage. The purpose of this study was to investigate biomechanical differences between PEEK rods and Ti rods in TLIF with and without a cage. METHODS: An intact L1-L5 lumbar finite element model was constructed and validated. Accordingly, four TLIF models were developed: (1) Ti rods with a cage; (2) PEEK rods with a cage; (3) Ti rods without a cage; and (4) PEEK rods without a cage. The biomechanical properties were then compared among the four TLIF constructs. RESULTS: With or without a cage, no obvious differences were found in the effect of PEEK rods and Ti rods on the range of motion, adjacent disc stress, and adjacent facet joint force. Compared to Ti rods, PEEK rods increase the average bone graft strain (270.8-6055.2 µE vs. 319.0-8751.6 µE). Moreover, PEEK rods reduced the stresses on the screw-rod system (23.1-96.0 MPa vs. 7.2-48.4 MPa) but increased the stresses on the cage (4.6-35.2 MPa vs. 5.6-40.9 MPa) and endplates (5.7-32.5 MPa vs. 6.6-37.6 MPa). CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of whether a cage was used for TLIF, PEEK rods theoretically have the potential to serve as an alternative to Ti rods because they may provide certain stability, increase the bone graft strain, and reduce the posterior instrumentation stress, which might promote bony fusion and decrease instrumentation failure.


Assuntos
Ligas , Benzofenonas , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Cetonas , Vértebras Lombares , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Fusão Vertebral , Titânio , Humanos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Materiais Biocompatíveis
7.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 25(5): 125, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834759

RESUMO

DOX liposomes have better therapeutic effects and lower toxic side effects. The targeting ability of liposomes is one of the key factors affecting the therapeutic effect of DOX liposomes. This study developed two types of targeted liposomes. Sialic acid (SA)-modified liposomes were designed to target the highly expressed Siglec-1 receptor on tumor-associated macrophages surface. Phosphatidylserine (PS)-modified liposomes were designed to promote phagocytosis by monocyte-derived macrophages through PS apoptotic signaling. In order to assess and compare the therapeutic potential of different targeted pathways in the context of anti-tumor treatment, we compared four phosphatidylserine membrane materials (DOPS, DSPS, DPPS and DMPS) and found that liposomes prepared using DOPS as material could significantly improve the uptake ability of RAW264.7 cells for DOX liposomes. On this basis, normal DOX liposomes (CL-DOX) and SA-modified DOX liposomes (SAL-DOX), PS-modified DOX liposomes (PS-CL-DOX), SA and PS co-modified DOX liposomes (PS-SAL-DOX) were prepared. The anti-tumor cells function of each liposome on S180 and RAW264.7 in vitro was investigated, and it was found that SA on the surface of liposomes can increase the inhibitory effect. In vivo efficacy results exhibited that SAL-DOX and PS-CL-DOX were superior to other groups in terms of ability to inhibit tumor growth and tumor inhibition index, among which SAL-DOX had the best anti-tumor effect. Moreover, SAL-DOX group mice had high expression of IFN-γ as well as IL-12 factors, which could significantly inhibit mice tumor growth, improve the immune microenvironment of the tumor site, and have excellent targeted delivery potential.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina , Lipossomos , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico , Fosfatidilserinas , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor , Animais , Camundongos , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Fosfatidilserinas/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(1): 128-137, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239165

RESUMO

To investigate the role of a fully digital process in the surgical treatment of mandibular fractures in children. We analyzed a complete dataset from 22 children with mandibular fractures treated with digital surgical assistance. The patient's treatment process included preoperative thin layer CT (Computed Tomography) scanning, computer-aided design (3D reconstruction, virtual reduction, and internal fixation device determination and shaping), and 3D printing (jaw model, bite plate). We used occlusal and shaping plates during surgery to assist in fracture reduction and fixation. During the follow-up, we observed the occurrence of fracture healing, occlusal relationships, opening degrees, and complications in pediatric patients after surgery. Next, we used the 3D overlay function of MIMICS software to compare the preoperative surgical design with postoperative jaw imaging data to evaluate the overall surgical effect. The postoperative imaging data showed good fracture healing, normal occlusion during follow-up, and significant improvement in opening degrees. The mean preoperative opening degree was 23.59 ± 2.89 mm, and the mean postoperative opening degree was 29.82 ± 1.79 mm; there was a significant difference between these two parameters (p < 0.05). There were no complications such as tooth germ injury, nerve injury or fracture block displacement. The postoperative mandibular imaging data was imported into MIMICS software for 3D overlay visualization, and the postoperative mandibular morphology recovery was well-matched with the preoperative design. We measured the average upper deviation (0.65 ± 0.09) mm and the average lower deviation (-0.57 ± 0.14) mm. The fully digital process has a precise, minimally invasive, and safe effect in the surgical treatment of mandibular fractures in children, and the clinical effect is satisfactory.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mandibulares , Humanos , Criança , Fraturas Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura , Impressão Tridimensional , Desenho Assistido por Computador
9.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 146: 226-236, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38969450

RESUMO

Defluoridation of coal mining water is of great significance for sustainable development of coal industry in western China. A novel one-step mechanochemical method was developed to prepare polymeric aluminum modified powder activated carbon (PAC) for effective fluoride removal from coal mining water. Aluminum was stably loaded on the PAC through facile solid-phase reaction between polymeric aluminum (polyaluminum chloride (PACl) or polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC)) and PAC (1:15 W/W). Fluoride adsorption on PACl and PAFC modified PAC (C-PACl and C-PAFC) all reached equilibrium within 5 min, at rate of 2.56 g mg-1 sec-1 and 1.31 g mg-1 sec-1 respectively. Larger increase of binding energy of Al on C-PACl (AlF bond: 76.64 eV and AlFOH bond: 77.70 eV) relative to that of Al on C-PAFC (AlF bond: 76.52 eV) explained higher fluoride uptake capacity of C-PACl. Less chloride was released from C-PACl than that from C-PAFC due to its higher proportion of covalent chlorine and lower proportion of ionic chlorine. The elements mapping and atomic composition proved the stability of Al loaded on the PAC as well as the enrichment of fluoride on both C-PACl and C-PAFC. The Bader charge, formation energy and bond length obtained from DFT computational results explained the fluoride adsorption mechanism further. The carbon emission was 7.73 kg CO2-eq/kg adsorbent prepared through mechanochemical process, which was as low as 1:82.3 to 1:8.07 × 104 compared with the ones prepared by conventional hydrothermal methods.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Minas de Carvão , Fluoretos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Fluoretos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Adsorção , Alumínio/química , Polímeros/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
10.
J Med Virol ; 95(8): e28991, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37515317

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) is a significant pathogen responsible for causing hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and herpangina (HA). This study aimed to investigate the recent evolution and spread of CV-A16 by monitoring HFMD and HA cases in 29 hospitals across 16 districts in Beijing from 2019 to 2021. The first five cases of HFMD and the first five cases of HA each month in each hospital were included in the study. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to identify CV-A16, CV-A6, and EV-A71. From each district, two to four CV-A16 positive samples with a relatively long sampling time interval every month were selected for sequencing. A total of 3344 HFMD cases and 2704 HA cases were enrolled in this study, with 76.0% (2541/3344) of HFMD and 45.4% (1227/2704) of HA cases confirmed to be infected by enterovirus. Among the EV-positive samples, CV-A16 virus was detected in 33.61% (854/2541) of HFMD cases and 13.4% (165/1227) of HA cases, with the predominant cluster being B1a. Both B1a and B1b had a co-circulation of local and imported strains, with different origin time (1993 vs. 1995), different global distribution (14 countries vs. 10 countries), and different transmission centers but mainly distributed in the southern and eastern regions of Beijing. Strengthening surveillance of HFMD in southern and eastern regions will improve the prevention and control efficiency of enterovirus infections.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Infecções por Enterovirus , Enterovirus , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Herpangina , Humanos , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Herpangina/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus Humano A/genética , China/epidemiologia
11.
Virol J ; 20(1): 256, 2023 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37924134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enterovirus 71(EV71)-associated hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) decreased dramatically in Beijing from 2009 to 2019. This study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, evolutionary dynamics, geographic diffusion pathway, and other features of EV71 in Beijing, China. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of EV71-associated HFMD and its causative agent in Beijing, China, from 2009 to 2019. Phylogenetic and phylogeographic methods based on the EV71 genome were used to determine the evolution features, origin, and spatiotemporal dynamics. Positive selection sites in the VP1 gene were identified and exhibited in the tertiary structure. Bayesian birth-death skyline model was used to estimate the effective reproductive number (Re). RESULTS: EV71-associated HFMD decreased greatly in Beijing. From 2009 to 2019, EV71 strains prevalent in Beijing shared high homology in each gene segment and evolved with a rate of 4.99*10- 3 substitutions per site per year. The genetic diversity of EV71 first increased and peaked in 2012 and then decreased with fluctuations. The time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of EV71 in Beijing was estimated around 2003 when the EV71 strains were transmitted to Beijing from east China. Beijing played a crucial role in seeding EV71 to central China as well. Two residues (E145Q/G, A293S) under positive selection were detected from both the VP1 dataset and the P1 dataset. They were embedded within the loop of the VP1 capsid and were exposed externally. Mean Re estimate of EV71 in Beijing was about 1.007. CONCLUSION: In recent years, EV71 was not the primary causative agent of HFMD in Beijing. The low Re estimate of EV71 in Beijing implied that strategies for preventing and controlling HFMD were performed effectively. Beijing and east China played a crucial role in disseminating EV71 to other regions in China.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Enterovirus , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Humanos , Enterovirus Humano A/genética , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Epidemiologia Molecular , Teorema de Bayes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Enterovirus/genética , China/epidemiologia
12.
Connect Tissue Res ; 64(3): 219-228, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594156

RESUMO

PURPOSE: BMP-8a is a member of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and plays a regulatory role in human growth and development as a transcription regulator. This review aims to summarize the current research on the impact and mechanism of BMP-8a in female and male reproduction, formation and eruption of teeth, bone and cartilage development, tissue differentiation, disease occurrence, progression and prognosis. METHODS: The phrases "BMP-8a," "BMPs," "regulator," "mechanism," "osteoblast," "cartilage," "cancer," "disease," and "inflammation" were searched in the PubMed database. The abstracts were evaluated, and a series of original publications and reviews were examined. RESULTS: According to the search, BMP-8a affects the development of the uterus by inhibiting luteinization and plays an important role in late spermatogenesis. It is highly expressed in osteogenesis and differentially expressed in chondrogenesis. Furthermore, BMP-8a has a significant impact on the occurrence, development and prognosis of various diseases. CONCLUSIONS: BMP-8a regulates important factors and pathways, such as SMAD2/3 and SMAD1/5/8, to promote or inhibit the developmental processes of human reproductive organs. BMP-8a is also a member of the BMP family of proteins that regulates chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. In addition to its osteoinductive capabilities, BMP-8a is involved in the progression of diverse cancers.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas , Transdução de Sinais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Biologia , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Osteogênese
13.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 44(12): e2300072, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37021665

RESUMO

Nanocelluloses (NCs)-based aerogels have gradually attracted attention due to their excellent performance in oil recovery for mitigating environmental pollution caused by oil spillages. However, hydrophobicity due to polyhydroxy groups and fragile in water, as well as a complicated fabricating process, significantly restrict their practical applications. Herein, a facile route is reported to fabricate superelastic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)@NCs aerogels through a Pickering emulsion strategy. The hierarchical PDMS@NCs aerogels exhibit function-dependent porous structures and integrated properties of hydrophobicity and lipophilicity, stemming from the synergistic effect of the hydrophobic skin layer and porous matrix. The resulting aerogels are capable of continuous oil/water filtration by adsorption-extrusion with a flux up to 4300 L m-2 h-1 and a separation efficiency of 99.9%. Therefore, this provides a new route for the rational design of morphology-tunable NCs-based aerogels and affords a reference for its practical application in durable oil/water separation.


Assuntos
Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Poluição Ambiental , Adsorção , Porosidade
14.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 20(1): 46, 2023 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38031128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanoplastics (NPs) could be released into environment through the degradation of plastic products, and their content in the air cannot be ignored. To date, no studies have focused on the cardiac injury effects and underlying mechanisms induced by respiratory exposure to NPs. RESULTS: Here, we systematically investigated the cardiotoxicity of 40 nm polystyrene nanoplastics (PS-NPs) in mice exposed via inhalation. Four exposure concentrations (0 µg/day, 16 µg/day, 40 µg/day and 100 µg/day) and three exposure durations (1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks) were set for more comprehensive information and RNA-seq was performed to reveal the potential mechanisms of cardiotoxicity after acute, subacute and subchronic exposure. PS-NPs induced cardiac injury in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Acute, subacute and subchronic exposure increased the levels of injury biomarkers and inflammation and disturbed the equilibrium between oxidase and antioxidase activity. Subacute and subchronic exposure dampened the cardiac systolic function and contributed to structural and ultrastructural damage in heart. Mechanistically, violent inflammatory and immune responses were evoked after acute exposure. Moreover, disturbed energy metabolism, especially the TCA cycle, in the myocardium caused by mitochondria damage may be the latent mechanism of PS-NPs-induced cardiac injury after subacute and subchronic exposure. CONCLUSION: The present study evaluated the cardiotoxicity induced by respiratory exposure to PS-NPs from multiple dimensions, including the accumulation of PS-NPs, cardiac functional assessment, histology observation, biomarkers detection and transcriptomic study. PS-NPs resulted in cardiac injury structurally and functionally in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, and mitochondria damage of myocardium induced by PS-NPs may be the potential mechanism for its cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Nanopartículas , Animais , Camundongos , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Microplásticos , Miocárdio , Biomarcadores
15.
Oral Dis ; 29(4): 1692-1705, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35152542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Exosomes secreted by stem cells are recognized as a critical component in tissue regeneration during stem cell-based therapy. Considering the limited sources and bone regeneration efficiency of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs), we explored whether exosomes secreted by stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED-exo) could improve the pluripotency and regenerative potential of hPDLCs. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In hPDLCs, cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle, apoptosis, and osteogenic differentiation were detected after cells were exposed to SHED-exo (SHED-exo group), blank (control group), or control supernatant without exo (Csup group), via CCK-8, scratch analysis, flow cytometric, real-time PCR, and so on. Exosomes sequencing was performed to compare and analyze miRNAs contented in SHED-exo and hPDLC-exo. RESULTS: As compared to control or Csup, SHED-exo significantly increased migration, apoptosis, and proliferation, promoted cell cycle transition from G1 to S phase in hPDLCs, and enhanced Runx2 expression and mineralization. In addition, it may be explained by the significant differences in miRNA contented in SHED-exo and hPDLC-exo. CONCLUSION: Exosomes from SHED can improve cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle, apoptosis, and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLCs, which highlights the therapeutic value of this bioactive component in the regeneration of periodontal tissues using hPDLCs in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Ligamento Periodontal , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Diferenciação Celular , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células
16.
Oral Dis ; 2023 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37154397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the regulatory effect of RUNX2 mutation on dental follicle cells (DFCs) senescence and clarify the underlying mechanism. This study aimed to explore the basis for a novel mechanism of delayed permanent tooth eruption in cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental follicles were collected from a CCD patient and healthy controls. Senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining, Ki67 staining, cell cycle assays, and senescence-related gene and protein expression assays were performed to assess DFCs senescence. Western blotting was performed to detect the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathways, and the molecular mechanism underlying RUNX2 regulating in DFCs senescence was explored. RESULTS: RUNX2 mutation inhibited the cellular senescence of DFCs from the CCD patient compared with healthy controls. Ki67 staining showed that mutant RUNX2 promoted DFCs proliferation, and cell cycle assays revealed that the healthy control-derived DFCs arrested at G1 phase. RUNX2 mutation significantly downregulated senescence-associated gene and protein expression. RUNX2 mutation suppressed ERK signalling pathway activation, an ERK inhibitor decreased healthy control-derived DFCs senescence, and an ERK activator promoted CCD patient-derived DFCs senescence. CONCLUSIONS: RUNX2 mutation delayed DFCs senescence through the ERK signalling pathway, which may be responsible for delayed permanent tooth eruption in CCD patients.

17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(11): 6627-6635, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37714977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease, which leads to inflammatory destruction of periodontal supporting tissues. Interleukin 14 (IL-14), Interleukin 16 (IL-16) and serum amyloid A (SAA) have been demonstrated to be abnormally expressed in inflammatory diseases. Therefore, this study was performed to analyzed the expression and potential clinical values of IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA in periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 periodontitis patients and 100 healthy volunteers were recruited and the saliva and serum samples were collected. Then the C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA levels in the saliva and serum of periodontitis patients were measured by Elisa kits. Besides, the significance of CRP, PCT, IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA in periodontitis patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that CRP, PCT, IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA levels were significantly increased in the the saliva and serum of the periodontitis patients. Additionally, the area under the curve (AUC) of saliva CRP, PCT, IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA for the diagnosis of periodontitis were 0.9035, 0.9435, 0.9508, 0.9500 and 0.9467, respectively. The AUC of serum CRP, PCT, IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA for the diagnosis of periodontitis were 0.9035, 0.9435, 0.9508, 0.9500 and 0.9467, respectively. What's more, the diagnostic value of IL-14, 1L-16 and SAA were enhanced when combining with CRP and PCT. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study demonstrated that IL-14, IL-16 and SAA expressions were upregulated in periodontitis patients and exhibited a significant significance for periodontitis diagnosis.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica , Humanos , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/análise , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/metabolismo , Calcitonina , Interleucina-16 , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Curva ROC , Biomarcadores
18.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(9): 4973-4985, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37417986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze three-dimensional dental compensation in patients with different types of skeletal Class III malocclusion with mandibular asymmetry, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and three-dimensional reconstruction measurement technology, thereby providing clinical guidance and reference for combined orthodontic and orthognathic treatment. METHODS: 81 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion with mandibular asymmetry were selected in accordance with the inclusion criteria. According to a new classification method based on the direction and amount of menton deviation relative to ramus deviation, patients were divided into three groups called Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3. In Type 1, the direction of menton deviation was consistent with that of ramus deviation and the amount of menton deviation was greater than that of ramus deviation. In Type 2, the direction of menton deviation was consistent with that of ramus deviation and the amount of menton deviation was smaller than that of ramus deviation. In Type 3, the direction of menton deviation was inconsistent with that of ramus deviation. The maxillary occlusal plane (OP), anterior occlusal plane (AOP), and posterior occlusal plane (POP) were measured on reconstructed CBCT images. The vertical, transverse, and anteroposterior distances from maxillary teeth to reference planes and the 3D angles between the long axis of these teeth and reference planes were measured. These dental variables measured from the deviated and non-deviated sides were compared within each group, as well as among each other. RESULTS: Of the 81 patients with asymmetrical Class III malocclusion, 52 patients were categorized in Type 1, 12 patients in Type 2, and 17 patients in Type 3. There were significant differences between deviated and non-deviated sides in Type 1 and Type 3 (p < 0.05). In Type 1, the vertical distances of maxillary teeth on the deviated side were lower than those on the non-deviated side, and AOP, OP, and POP on the deviated side were larger than those on the non-deviated side (p < 0.05). In Type 3, the vertical distances of the maxillary teeth on the deviated side were lower (p < 0.05), and the AOP and OP on the deviated side were larger than those on the non-deviated side. In all three groups, the transverse distances of the maxillary teeth from the mid-sagittal plane on the deviated side were larger than those on the non-deviated side (p < 0.05), and the angles between the long axis of maxillary teeth and the mid-sagittal plane on the deviated side were larger, respectively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The maxillary teeth on the deviated side were observed to have smaller eruption heights in Type 1 and Type 3. In Type 1, AOP, POP, and OP were greater on the deviated side, while in Type 3, only AOP and OP were greater on the deviated side. The maxillary teeth of patients in all three groups on the deviated side were buccal and buccally inclined. Larger sample observations are still needed to further verify these findings.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Assimetria Facial/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefalometria/métodos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos
19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 34(2): 480-484, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical techniques and graft materials are important factors for short nose lengthening in both primary and revision rhinoplasty in Asian patients. Other subunit of the nose need to be improved as well to achieve aesthetic perfection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 98 patients who underwent primary and revision rhinoplasty for moderate to severe short nose deformity from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2020, were enrolled. Nasal elongation was achieved via an open rhinoplasty approach using autologous costal cartilage exclusively for grafting. Aesthetic outcomes were evaluated by anthropometric measurement and satisfaction assessment from patients and physicians. RESULTS: The mean duration of follow-up was 10.6 months. In both primary and revision cases, nasal length relative to preoperative measurements increased significantly, while nasal tip projection did not differ significantly. Columellar-facial angle and nasofrontal angle decreased significantly in both groups. Both physicians and patients reported improvement in aesthetic outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Aesthetic satisfaction was reported from both patients and physicians. Autologous costal cartilage is an ideal graft material that offers strong structural support. Caudal septal extension graft using autologous costal cartilage sandwiched by extended spreader grafts achieve satisfactory lengthening of the central compartment and also increase nasal tip projection and rotation.


Assuntos
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/cirurgia , Estética Dentária , Nariz/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Reoperação
20.
J Environ Manage ; 327: 116923, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470188

RESUMO

Among the common treatment/disposal routes of excessive activated sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plant, dewatering process functions as an essential pre-/post-treatment for volume minimization and transportation facilitation. Since inorganic coagulants have long been criticized for their high dosage and solid residue in sludge cake, there is an urgent need for investigations regarding the potential of applying organic chemicals as the conditioner. In this study, combined use of poly dimethyldiallylammonium chloride (PDMD) and tannic acid (TA) were investigated as an all-organic co-conditioning method for sewage sludge pre-treatment. Results showed that this all-organic conditioning strategy can effectively improve the dewaterability of sewage sludge. The capillary suction time reduced from 128.8 s to 23.1 s, and the filtration resistance reduced from 1.24 × 1012 cm/g to 7.38 × 1010 cm/g. The moisture content of dewatered sludge cake decreased to as low as 55.83%, showing the highest dewatering efficiency reported so far. In addition, the combination of PDMD and TA maximized the treating efficiency with very limited consumption of conditioners (added up to 4% of total solid). Based on the physic-chemical and rheological property investigation, it was proposed that the intermediate molecular weight polymer-based flocculation process and the TA agent-based protein precipitation process, could remarkably strengthen the compactness and structure robustness of sludge. In all, this PDMD-TA-based conditioning method suggested practical significance in consideration of its cost-effectiveness and disposal convenience of sludge cake.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Purificação da Água , Esgotos/química , Taninos , Compostos Orgânicos , Polímeros , Cloretos , Filtração , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Água/química
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