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1.
Nature ; 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961285

RESUMO

Genetic and fragmented palaeoanthropological data suggest that Denisovans were once widely distributed across eastern Eurasia1-3. Despite limited archaeological evidence, this indicates that Denisovans were capable of adapting to a highly diverse range of environments. Here we integrate zooarchaeological and proteomic analyses of the late Middle to Late Pleistocene faunal assemblage from Baishiya Karst Cave on the Tibetan Plateau, where a Denisovan mandible and Denisovan sedimentary mitochondrial DNA were found3,4. Using zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry, we identify a new hominin rib specimen that dates to approximately 48-32 thousand years ago (layer 3). Shotgun proteomic analysis taxonomically assigns this specimen to the Denisovan lineage, extending their presence at Baishiya Karst Cave well into the Late Pleistocene. Throughout the stratigraphic sequence, the faunal assemblage is dominated by Caprinae, together with megaherbivores, carnivores, small mammals and birds. The high proportion of anthropogenic modifications on the bone surfaces suggests that Denisovans were the primary agent of faunal accumulation. The chaîne opératoire of carcass processing indicates that animal taxa were exploited for their meat, marrow and hides, while bone was also used as raw material for the production of tools. Our results shed light on the behaviour of Denisovans and their adaptations to the diverse and fluctuating environments of the late Middle and Late Pleistocene of eastern Eurasia.

2.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 27(4): 635-644, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of congenital unilateral first permanent molar occlusal loss (CUMOL) on the morphology and position of temporomandibular joint (TMJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 37 patients with CUMOL (18 males and 19 females, mean age: 13.60 ± 4.38 years) were divided into two subgroups according to the status of second molar (G1: the second molar not erupted, n = 18, G2: second molar erupted, n = 19). The control group consisted of 33 normal occlusion patients (9 males and 24 females, mean age: 16.15 ± 5.44 years) and was divided into 2 subgroups accordingly (G3: the second molar had not erupted, n = 18, G4: the second molar had erupted and made contact with the opposing tooth, n = 15). Linear and angular measurements were used to determine the characteristics of TMJ. RESULTS: In G1, the condyle on the side of the CUMOL shifts posteriorly, with significant side differences observed in Anterior space (AS, P < .05) and Posterior space (PS, P < .05). However, with the eruption of the second permanent molars, in G2, the condyle on the CUMOL side moves posteriorly and inferiorly. This results in significant lateral differences in the AS (P < .05), PS (P < .05), and Superior space (SS, P < .05). Additionally, there is an increase in the thickness of the roof of the glenoid fossa (TRF) on the CUMOL side (P < .05), and a decrease in the inclination of the bilateral articular eminences (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: CUMOL can affect the position and the morphology of the condyle and was associated with the eruption of the second permanent molars. Before the eruption of the second permanent molars, CUMOL primarily affects the position of the condyle. After the emergence of the second permanent molars, CUMOL leads to changes in both the condyle's position and the morphology of the glenoid fossa.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dente Molar , Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Temporomandibular/patologia , Criança , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/patologia , Côndilo Mandibular/anormalidades , Osso Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Temporal/patologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Anal Chem ; 95(11): 4871-4879, 2023 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36878693

RESUMO

The 18O/16O ratio of α-cellulose in land plants has proved of interest for climate, environmental, physiological, and metabolic studies. Reliable application of such a ratio may be compromised by the presence of hemicellulose impurities in the α-cellulose product obtainable with current extraction methods, as the impurities are known to be isotopically different from that of the α-cellulose. We first compared the quality of hydrolysates of "α-cellulose products" obtained with four representative extraction methods (Jayme and Wise; Brendel; Zhou; Loader) and quantified the hemicellulose-derived non-glucose sugars in the α-cellulose products from 40 land grass species using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Second, we performed compound-specific isotope analysis of the hydrolysates using GC/Pyrolysis/IRMS. These results were then compared with the bulk isotope analysis using EA/Pyrolysis/IRMS of the α-cellulose products. We found that overall, the Zhou method afforded the highest purity α-cellulose as judged by the minimal presence of lignin and the second-lowest presence of non-glucose sugars. Isotopic analysis then showed that the O-2-O-6 of the α-cellulose glucosyl units were all depleted in 18O by 0.0-4.3 mUr (average, 1.9 mUr) in a species-dependent manner relative to the α-cellulose products. The positive isotopic bias of using the α-cellulose product instead of the glucosyl units stems mainly from the fact that the pentoses that dominate hemicellulose contamination in the α-cellulose product are relatively enriched in 18O (compared to hexoses) as they inherit only the relatively 18O-enriched O-2-O-5 moiety of sucrose, the common precursor of pentoses and hexoses in cellulose, and are further enriched in 18O by the (incomplete) hydrolysis.


Assuntos
Celulose , Embriófitas , Isótopos de Oxigênio/análise , Celulose/química , Sacarose , Embriófitas/metabolismo , Pentoses , Isótopos de Carbono
4.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e939598, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718659

RESUMO

This publication has been retracted by the Editor due to non-original content and deficiencies in the conduct of the study. Reference: Liying Jia, Xiaolin Zhang, Hong Shi, Ting Li, Bingjian Lv, Meng Xie. The Clinical Effectiveness of Calcium Hydroxide in Root Canal Disinfection of Primary Teeth: A Meta-Analysis. Med Sci Monit, 2019; 25: 2908-216. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913256.

5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 27(10): 6081-6087, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37624523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes following extraction of impacted maxillary tooth adjacent to maxillary via submaxillary sinus membrane space approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients were enrolled in our study. The positions of the maxillary impacted tooth were confirmed by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Cases were randomly divided into two groups: the "submaxillary sinus membrane space approach" was applied in the new method (NM) group, and the conventional "avoid maxillary sinus membrane exposure" strategy was executed in the traditional method (TM) group. The clinical and follow-up data were recorded. RESULTS: The duration of the procedure in the TM group was significantly longer than those in the NM group (P < 0.05). Four teeth were accidentally displaced into the maxillary sinus with MSM perforation. The MSM perforation rate was slightly higher in the TM group than in the NM group, however, without significant difference between the two groups (8/36 vs. 3/36, P = 0.19). The maxillary sinus membrane perforation was associated with the displacement of tooth into the maxillary sinus (OR = 16.2, P = 0.026). The root tip exposure of the adjacent tooth was significantly higher in the TM group than in the NM group (10/36 vs. 1/36, P = 0.006). The incidence of reduced pulp vitality of the adjacent tooth was significantly higher in the TM group (10/36 vs. 1/36, P = 0.006), and it was associated with the exposure of the root tip intraoperatively (OR = 456.5, P < 0.001). The incidence of external root resorption was significantly lower in the NM group, and there was no significant association with the root exposure intraoperatively (OR = 3.7, P = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: Submaxillary sinus membrane space approach is a safe and efficient approach in extraction of impacted maxillary tooth. It is an alternative way for cases which are in close proximity to the maxillary sinus. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A novel method to extract impacted maxillary tooth adjacent to maxillary sinus.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Dente Impactado , Dente , Humanos , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Maxila
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 802, 2023 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37884914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an adjunct or alternative to traditional antifungal drugs in the treatment of oral candidiasis, and to provide evidence-based medical evidence for its use in the treatment of oral candidiasis. METHODS: Computer combined with manual retrieval of China Academic Journals Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), Wanfang Database, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Scopus retrieval for articles published before January 2023, basic information and required data were extracted according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the Revman V5.4 software was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included literature. RESULTS: A total of 11 articles were included, 7 of which used nystatin as an antifungal drug, 2 of which were combined treatment of PDT and nystatin, 2 of the remaining 4 articles were treated with fluconazole, and 2 were treated with miconazole. Meta results showed that PDT was superior to nystatin in reducing the number of oral candida colonies in the palate of patients MD = -0.87, 95%CI = (-1.52,-0.23), P = 0.008, the difference was statistically significant, and the denture site MD = -1.03, 95%CI = (-2.21, -0.15), P = 0.09, the difference was not statistically significant; compared with the efficacy of fluconazole, RR = 1.01, 95%CI = (0.56,1.83), P = 0.96; compared with miconazole RR = 0.55, 95%CI = (0.38, 0.81), P = 0.002; PDT combined with nystatin RR = 1.27, 95%CI = (1.06, 1.52), P = 0.01; recurrence rate RR = 0.28, 95%CI = (0.09, 0.88), P = 0.03. CONCLUSIONS: PDT was effective in the treatment of oral candidiasis; PDT was more effective than nystatin for the treatment of denture stomatitis in the palate, while there was no significant difference between the two for the denture site; The efficacy of PDT for oral candidiasis was similar to that of fluconazole; PDT was less effective than miconazole for oral candidiasis; Compared with nystatin alone, the combination of PDT and nystatin is more effective in treating oral candidiasis with less risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Candidíase Bucal , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Candidíase Bucal/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase Bucal/microbiologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Nistatina/uso terapêutico , Fluconazol/uso terapêutico , Miconazol/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 195(6): 634, 2023 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37133617

RESUMO

Mangroves are located at the intersection of land and sea and are also heavily affected by plastic wastes. Biofilms of plastic wastes in mangroves are reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). In this study, plastic wastes and ARG pollution were investigated from three typical mangrove areas in Zhanjiang, South China. Transparent was the dominant colors of plastic wastes in three mangroves. Fragment and film shape accounted for 57.73-88.23% of plastic waste samples in mangroves. In addition, 39.50% of plastic wastes in protected area mangroves are PS. The metagenomic results shows that the 175 ARGs were found on plastic wastes of the three mangroves, the abundance accounting for 91.11% of the total ARGs. The abundance of Vibrio accounted for 2.31% of the total bacteria genera in aquaculture pond area mangrove. Correlation analysis shows that a microbe can carry multiple ARGs that may improve resistance to antibiotics. Microbes are the potential hosts of most ARGs, suggesting that ARGs can be transmitted by microbes. Because the mangroves are closely related to human activities and the high abundance of ARGs on plastic increases the ecological risks, people should improve plastic waste management and prevent the spread of ARGs by reducing plastic pollution.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Genes Bacterianos , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Plásticos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética
8.
J Perianesth Nurs ; 38(1): 39-44, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989234

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lidocaine for patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in patients who underwent open hepatectomy. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis. METHODS: A total of 281 patients who underwent open hepatectomy from July 2018 to December 2018 were included. All patients were assigned into two groups: the lidocaine group (PCIA consisted of lidocaine, sufentanil, tramadol and granisetron) and the control group (PCIA consisted of sufentanil, tramadol and granisetron). The postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and complications (including respiratory depression, hypotension, nausea and vomiting, pruritus, numbness of the corners of the mouth, dizziness) between the groups were compared. FINDINGS: There were no significant differences between the characteristics, duration of surgery and anesthesia, and recovery of postoperative activity between the two groups. In the first 3 days after the operation, the postoperative VAS score of the lidocaine group was lower than that of the control group at resting state, while after activity, the postoperative VAS contrast results were completely opposite. In particularly, the resting state at 48 hours (h) (1.05 ± 1.25 vs 1.57 ± 1.54) after surgery and the activity state at 72 h (3.02 ± 1.51 vs 2.2 ± 1.66) after surgery (P < 0.05). The incidence of mouth numbness and dizziness were significantly increased in the lidocaine group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The addition of lidocaine in PCIA was not beneficial to improve the pain during activities and increased the incidence of perioral numbness and dizziness.


Assuntos
Lidocaína , Tramadol , Humanos , Sufentanil/efeitos adversos , Granisetron , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tontura/induzido quimicamente , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hipestesia/induzido quimicamente , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Analgésicos
9.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 23(1): 101831, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36914298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the reporting quality of systematic review (SR) abstracts published in leading general dental journals according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Abstracts (PRISMA-A) guidelines, and to identify factors associated with overall reporting quality. METHODS: We identified SR abstracts published in 10 leading general dental journals and assessed their reporting quality. For each abstract, an overall reporting score (ORS, range: 0-13) was calculated. Risk ratio (RR) was calculated to compare the reporting quality of abstracts in Pre-PRISMA (2011-2012) and Post-PRISMA (2017-2018) periods. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with reporting quality. RESULTS: A total of 104 eligible abstracts were included. The mean ORS was 5.59 (SD = 1.48) and 6.97 (1.74) respectively in the Pre- and Post-PRISMA abstracts, with statistically significant difference (mean difference = 1.38; 95% CI: 0.70, 2.05). Reporting of the exact P-value (B = 1.22; 95% CI: 0.45, 1.99) was a significant predictor of higher reporting quality. CONCLUSION: The reporting quality of SR abstracts published in leading general dental journals improved after the release of PRISMA-A guidelines, but is still suboptimal. Relevant stakeholders need to work together to enhance the reporting quality of SR abstracts in dentistry.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa
10.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 128, 2022 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella pullorum are two important groups of zoonotic pathogens. At present, the treatment of intestinal pathogenic bacteria infection mainly relies on antibiotics, which directly inhibit or kill the pathogenic bacteria. However, due to long-term irrational, excessive use or abuse, bacteria have developed different degrees of drug resistance. N6, an arenicin-3 derivative isolated from the lugworm, has potent antibacterial activity and is poorly resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis and distribution in vivo. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is an extensively studied polymer and commonly used in protein or peptide drugs to improve their therapeutic potential. Here, we modified the N-/C-terminal or Cys residue of N6 with liner PEGn of different lengths (n = 2, 6,12, and 24), and the effects of PEGylation of N6 on the stability, toxicity, bactericidal mechanism, distribution and efficacy were investigated in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: The antimicrobial activity of the peptide showed that PEGylated N6 at the C-terminus (n = 2, N6-COOH-miniPEG) had potent activity against Gram-negative bacteria; PEGylated N6 at the N-terminus and Cys residues showed low or no activity with increasing lengths of PEG. N6-COOH-miniPEG has higher stability in trypsin than the parent peptide-N6. N6-COOH-miniPEG significantly regulated cytokine expression in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1ß were reduced by 31.21%, 65.62% and 44.12%, respectively, lower than those of N6 (-0.06%, -12.36% and -12.73%); N6-COOH-miniPEG increased the level of IL-10 (37.83%), higher than N6 (-10.21%). The data indicated that N6-COOH-miniPEG has more potent anti-inflammatory and immune-regulatory effect than N6 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. N6-COOH-miniPEG exhibited a much wider biodistribution in mice and prolonged in vivo half-time. FITC-labeled N6-COOH-miniPEG was distributed throughout the body of mice in the range of 0.75 - 2 h after injection, while FITC-labeled N6 only concentrated in the abdominal cavity of mice after injection, and the distribution range was narrow. N6-COOH-miniPEG improved the survival rates of mice challenged with E. coli or S. pullorum, downregulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and IL-10 in the serum of LPS-infected mice, and alleviated multiple-organ injuries (the liver, spleen, kidney, and lung), superior to antibiotics, but slightly inferior to N6. CONCLUSIONS: The antibacterial activity, bactericidal mechanism and cytotoxicity of N6-COOH-miniPEG and N6 were similar. N6-COOH-miniPEG has a higher resistance to trysin than N6. The distribution of N6-COOH-miniPEG in mice was superior to that of N6. In exploring the modulatory effects of antimicrobial peptides on cytokines, N6-COOH-miniPEG had stronger anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects than N6. The results suggested that C-terminal PEGylated N6 may provide an opportunity for the development of effective anti-inflammatory and antibacterial peptides.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Bactérias/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato/farmacologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Polietilenoglicóis/metabolismo , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Salmonella/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Invest New Drugs ; 40(2): 330-339, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633576

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection (Lipo-MIT) in advanced breast cancer (ABC). METHODS: In this randomized, open-label, active-controlled, single-center, phase II clinical trial, eligible patients were randomized in a ratio of 1:1 to receive Lipo-MIT or mitoxantrone hydrochloride injection (MIT) intravenously. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). The secondary endpoints were disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and safety outcomes. RESULTS: Sixty patients were randomized to receive Lipo-MIT or MIT. The ORR was 13.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 3.8-30.7%) for Lipo-MIT and 6.7% (95% CI: 0.8-22.1%) for MIT. The DCR was 50% (95% CI: 31.3-68.7%) with Lipo-MIT vs. 30% (95% CI: 14.7-49.4%) with MIT. The median PFS was 1.92 months (95% CI: 1.75-3.61) for Lipo-MIT and 1.85 months (95% CI: 1.75-2.02) for MIT. The most common toxicity was myelosuppression. Lipo-MIT resulted in an incidence of 86.7% of leukopenia and 80.0% of neutropenia, which was marginally superior to MIT (96.7% and 96.7%, respectively). Lipo-MIT showed a lower incidence of cardiovascular events (13.3% vs. 20.0%) and increased cardiac troponin T (3.3% vs. 36.7%); but higher incidence of anemia (76.7% vs. 46.7%), skin hyperpigmentation (66.7% vs. 3.3%), and fever (23.3% vs. 10.0%) than MIT. Conclusions The clinical benefit parameters of Lipo-MIT and MIT were comparable. Lipo-MIT provided a different toxicity profile, which might be associated with the altered distribution of the drug. Additional study is needed to elucidate the potential benefit of Lipo-MIT in ABC. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (No. NCT02596373) on Nov 4, 2015.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mitoxantrona , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lipossomos , Mitoxantrona/efeitos adversos
12.
Environ Res ; 215(Pt 3): 114355, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36154855

RESUMO

Removal of organic solvents and heavy metals in effluents is of great significance to environmental pollution control and ecological civilization construction. pH-responsive materials have unique advantages in treating complicated oily wastewater. In this work, an intelligent pH-responsive nonwoven fabric with excellent reversible wettability was prepared. The pH-sensitive polymer was synthesized by free radical polymerization (FRP) technique, then dipped with SiO2 on PP fabric. The particular molecular structure of poly (dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) enabled the fabric surface to switch wettability rapidly between hydrophilic/underwater oleophobic and oleophobic/hydrophobic under pH stimulus and exhibit controllable selective separation of various oil/water mixtures. Furthermore, the fabric removed Pb2+ efficiently under a wide pH range. The experimetal results showed that the separation flux reached 19,229 ± 1656.43 L-h-1-m-2 for water and 19,342 ± 1796.77 L-m-2-h-1 for n-hexane. Besides, the obtained fabric effectively realized the separation and collection process of complex ternary mixtures. The fabric removed Pb2+ in solutions with efficiency up to 90.83%. After immersing in acid and alkali solutions for 24 h, no significant damage to the surface wettability. This economical and intelligent fabric is able to meet the different separation purposes of industrial wastewaters with complex compositions.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Águas Residuárias , Álcalis , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Chumbo , Metacrilatos , Polímeros , Dióxido de Silício , Solventes , Águas Residuárias/química , Molhabilidade
13.
J Prosthet Dent ; 128(3): 368-374, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618860

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Monolithic zirconia has excellent mechanical and biologic properties. However, evidence of the clinical properties of implant-supported monolithic zirconia prostheses is limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to compare the peri-implant marginal bone changes of metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia single crowns in the posterior region after prosthetic loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 224 participants treated with 327 implants restored with either metal-ceramic or monolithic zirconia single crowns in the posterior region between 2012 and 2016 were included in this study. Clinical outcomes, including the plaque index, peri-implant probing depth, and bleeding on probing, were recorded, and the marginal bone level was recorded by using the panoramic radiographs obtained at implant placement, second-stage surgery, and the most recent follow-up visit. The included parameters were analyzed with the nonparametric Mann-Whitney tests (α=.05). RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 30.4 months, and the cumulative survival rate of implants was 100% and that of the prostheses was 99.1%. The plaque index was 0.46 in the metal-ceramic group, which was significantly higher (P<.05) than 0.37 in the monolithic zirconia group. However, no significant differences (P>.05) were observed in peri-implant probing depth and bleeding on probing between the 2 groups. The marginal bone level at implant placement, second-stage surgery, and the most recent follow-up visit was above the implant platform in both the metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia groups. The marginal bone changes of the metal-ceramic group was 0.31 mm in the healing period and 0.38 mm in the prosthetic loading period, while in the monolithic zirconia group, it was 0.25 mm in the healing period and 0.43 mm in the prosthetic loading period; no significant differences (P>.05) were observed between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The peri-implant marginal bone level change was comparable after prosthetic loading for metal-ceramic and monolithic zirconia single crowns, although monolithic zirconia was associated with reduced plaque.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Implantes Dentários , Cerâmica , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Zircônio
14.
Virol J ; 18(1): 60, 2021 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA vaccine is one of the research hotspots in veterinary vaccine development. Several advantages, such as cost-effectiveness, ease of design and production, good biocompatibility of plasmid DNA, attractive biosafety, and DNA stability, are found in DNA vaccines. METHODS: In this study, the plasmids expressing bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) gB, gC, and gD proteins were mixed at the same mass ratio and adsorbed polyethyleneimine (PEI) magnetic beads with a diameter of 50 nm. Further, the plasmid and PEI magnetic bead polymers were packaged into double carboxyl polyethylene glycol (PEG) 600 to use as a DNA vaccine. The prepared DNA vaccine was employed to vaccinate mice via the intranasal route. The immune responses were evaluated in mice after vaccination. RESULTS: The expression of viral proteins could be largely detected in the lung and rarely in the spleen of mice subjected to a vaccination. The examination of biochemical indicators, anal temperature, and histology indicated that the DNA vaccine was safe in vivo. However, short-time toxicity was observed. The total antibody detected with ELISA in vaccinated mice showed a higher level than PBS, DNA, PEI + DNA, and PBS groups. The antibody level was significantly elevated at the 15th week and started to decrease since the 17th week. The neutralizing antibody titer was significantly higher in DNA vaccine than naked DNA vaccinated animals. The total IgA level was much greater in the DNA vaccine group compared to other component vaccinated groups. The examination of cellular cytokines and the percentage of CD4/CD8 indicated that the prepared DNA vaccine induced a strong cellular immunity. CONCLUSION: The mixed application of plasmids expressing BoHV-1 gB/gC/gD proteins by nano-carrier through intranasal route could effectively activate long-term humoral, cellular, and mucosal immune responses at high levels in mice. These data indicate PEI magnetic beads combining with PEG600 are an efficient vector for plasmid DNA to deliver intranasally as a DNA vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Bovino 1 , Polietilenoimina , Vacinas de DNA , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Imunidade Celular , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Plasmídeos/administração & dosagem , Plasmídeos/genética , Desenvolvimento de Vacinas , Vacinas de DNA/administração & dosagem , Vacinas de DNA/genética , Vacinas Virais/genética
15.
Biomacromolecules ; 22(10): 4228-4236, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499468

RESUMO

Fabricating advanced polymer composites with remarkable mechanical and thermal conductivity performances is desirable for developing advanced devices and equipment. In this study, a novel strategy to prepare anisotropic wood-based scaffolds with a naturally aligned microchannel structure from balsa wood is demonstrated. The wood microchannels were coated with polydopamine-surface-modified small graphene oxide (PGO) nanosheets via assembly. The highly aligned porous microstructures, with thin wood cell walls and large voids along the cellulose microchannels, allow polymers to enter, resulting in the fabrication of the wood-polymer nanocomposite. The tensile stiffness and strength of the resulting nanocomposite reach 8.10 GPa and 90.3 MPa with a toughness of 5.0 MJ m-3. The thermal conductivity of the nanocomposite is improved significantly by coating a PGO layer onto the wood scaffolds. The nanocomposite exhibits not only ultrahigh thermal conductivity (in-plane about 5.5 W m-1 K-1 and through-plane about 2.1 W m-1 K-1) but also satisfactory electrical insulation (volume resistivity of about 1015 Ω·cm). Therefore, the results provide a strategy to fabricate thermal management materials with excellent mechanical properties.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Madeira , Celulose , Condutividade Térmica
16.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 740-746, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622586

RESUMO

Nano hydroxyapatite (nHAp), a main component of the inorganic composition of human bones and teeth, is widely used in bone tissue engineering, bone defect repair and replacement, for example, for its biocompatibility, bioactivity, bioaffinity and the ability to induce bone regeneration. Nano hydroxyapatite contains calcium and phosphorus, elements that can be replaced through the normal metabolic channels of the human body. Therefore, after implantation, it can be partially or completely absorbed and replaced by human tissues and can effectively assist bone regeneration, which makes it an ideal material for bone repair. However, traditional nHAp material is brittle and hard to be degraded in human body. In addition, nHAp has poor stability due to its high surface energy and tendency for agglomeration, which causes rapid attenuation of its mechanical strength and limits its clinical application. At present, the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of nHAp can be effectively improved by loading the related growth factors, proteins, peptides and other bioactive molecules, so as to better meet the biological requirements of bone repair materials. However, the traditional physicochemical modification methods are complicated and may interfere with the bioactivity of nHAp. It is simple to biomimetically synthesize nanomaterials by direct utilization of the molecular recognition and self-assemble capabilities of biomolecules or living microorganisms. Furthermore, the properties of the synthesized nanomaterials are stable, and the method has been extensively studied in recent years. Due to the unique crystaline structure and physicochemical properties of nHAp, results of a large number of studies have shown that its affinity with biological molecules can be used to produce bioactive nHAp by biomimetic synthesis methods. Biomimetically synthesized nHAp is expected to become the mainstream bone tissue engineering scaffold material. Analyzing and summarizing the biomimetic synthetic process and the characteristics of different nHAp materials will facilitate further development of bone defect repair materials with better mechanical and biological properties. Herein we reviewed methods of biomimetic synthesis of nHAp based on different biomolecular templates. Furthermore, we also discussed applications of biomimetic synthesized nHAp in bone tissue engineering, which can used as reference information for further research and development of new-generation bone repair biomaterials.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Engenharia Tecidual , Biomimética , Osso e Ossos , Humanos , Alicerces Teciduais
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(24): 13158-13176, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145879

RESUMO

Due to their unique ability to actively move, micro/nanomotors offer the possibility of breaking through the limitations of traditional passive drug delivery systems for the treatment of many diseases, and have attracted the increasing attention of researchers. However, at present, the realization of many advantages of micro/nanomotors in disease treatment in vivo is still in its infancy, because of the complexity and particularity of diseases in different parts of human body. In this Minireview, we first focus on the biosafety and functionality of micro/nanomotors as a biomedical treatment system. Then, we address the treatment difficulties of various diseases in vivo (such as ophthalmic disease, orthopedic disease, gastrointestinal disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer), and then review the research progress of biomedical micro/nanomotors in the past 20 years, Finally, we propose the challenges in this field and possible future development directions.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanotecnologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 41(9): e2000047, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249484

RESUMO

A series of copolymers are prepared via cationic ring-opening polymerization with 1,3-dioxolane (DOL) and trioxymethylene (TOM) as monomers. The crystallization behaviors of the copolymers can be suppressed by adjusting the ratio of DOL/TOM. With LiBF4 as a source for a BF3 initiator, copolymer electrolytes (CPEs) can be prepared in situ inside cells without needing nonelectrolyte catalysts or initiators. The ionic conductivities and Li+ diffusion coefficients ( D Li + ) of the CPEs increase with a decreasing DOL/TOM ratio in a certain range. The CPE with a DOL/TOM ratio of 8/2 has the highest ionic conductivity as well as D Li + and shows excellent interfacial compatibility with lithium (Li) metal anodes. Li-Li symmetric cells can be uniformly plated/stripped for more than 1200 h. Furthermore, LiFePO4 -Li cells with 8/2-CPE display stable cycling performance for over 400 cycles. This strategy is a promising approach for the preparation of high-performance polymer electrolytes and is sure to promote their application in Li metal batteries.


Assuntos
Dioxolanos/química , Formaldeído/química , Polímeros/química , Eletrólitos/síntese química , Eletrólitos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Polimerização , Polímeros/síntese química
19.
Environ Res ; 186: 109494, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302872

RESUMO

Inspired by fish scales, this study prepares a thermo-responsive underwater oleophobic PNIPAM/PAN/TiO2 nanofibrous membranes by traditional electrospinning technique using poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (PNIPAM) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN). Thermal properties, mechanical properties, surface chemical composition, wettability, photocatalysis, and oil/water separation of PNIPAM/PAN/TiO2 membrane are explored compared to pure PNIPAM membrane. Result reveals that PAN/TiO2 compounds make PNIPAM membrane with a smaller fiber diameter of 141 nm and high tensile stress of 7.4 MPa, and also decompose 98% of rhodamine B after UV light radiation. This bioinspired design structure endows the membrane with superhydrophilicity with a low water contact angle, and underwater superoleophobicity with a high oil contact angle of 157° (petroleum ether) and 151° (dichloromethane). This membrane can efficiency separate oil/water mixture with a high separation efficiency. Moreover, the resultant PNIPAM/PAN/TiO2 membrane has the bionic fish scale structure, and has wettability respond at lower critical solution temperature making the water flux decreased from 10013 ± 367 L m-2·h-1 to 7713 ± 324 L m-2·h-1, and thus has a potential to be used in purification of reclaimed water and separation of oil from water.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Óleos , Resinas Acrílicas , Animais , Titânio
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 89, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Farnesol is a sesquiterpene from propolis and citrus fruit that shows promising anti-bacterial activity for caries treatment and prevention, but its hydrophobicity limits the clinical application. We aimed to develop the novel polymeric micelles (PMs) containing a kind of derivative of farnesol and a ligand of pyrophosphate (PPi) that mediated PMs to adhere tightly with the tooth enamel. RESULTS: Farnesal (Far) was derived from farnesol and successfully linked to PEG via an acid-labile hydrazone bond to form PEG-hyd-Far, which was then conjugated to PPi and loaded into PMs to form the aimed novel drug delivery system, PPi-Far-PMs. The in vitro test about the binding of PPi-Far-PMs to hydroxyapatite showed that PPi-Far-PMs could bind rapidly to hydroxyapatite and quickly release Far under the acidic conditions. Results from the mechanical testing and the micro-computed tomography indicated that PPi-Far-PMs could restore the microarchitecture of teeth with caries. Moreover, PPi-Far-PMs diminished the incidence and severity of smooth and sulcal surface caries in rats that were infected with Streptococcus mutans while being fed with a high-sucrose diet. The anti-caries efficacy of free Far can be improved significantly by PPi-Far-PMs through the effective binding of it with tooth enamel via PPi. CONCLUSIONS: This novel drug-delivery system may be useful for the treatment and prevention of dental caries as well as the targeting therapy of anti-bacterial drugs in the oral disease.


Assuntos
Cariostáticos , Cárie Dentária , Durapatita , Farneseno Álcool/análogos & derivados , Micelas , Animais , Cariostáticos/química , Cariostáticos/farmacocinética , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/metabolismo , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Difosfatos/química , Difosfatos/farmacocinética , Difosfatos/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos , Durapatita/química , Durapatita/metabolismo , Farneseno Álcool/química , Farneseno Álcool/farmacocinética , Farneseno Álcool/farmacologia , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Dente Molar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente Molar/ultraestrutura , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ratos , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
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