Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
1.
Odontology ; 109(4): 895-903, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086131

RESUMO

Pulp regeneration with stem cells is a promising alternative for treating periapical and pulp diseases of young permanent teeth. The aim of this study was to characterize decellularized dental pulp extracellular matrix (dECM) and investigate whether bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) regulates dental pulp stromal cells (DPSC)-mediated pulp regeneration combined with dECM. Dental pulp isolated from healthy third molars was decellularized with 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Triton X-100. H&E staining, DAPI staining and electron microscopy were used to observe the dECM structure. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to analyse cell proliferation. Recombinant adenovirus was used to overexpress BMP4 in DPSCs. The cells were cultured in dECM and dECM + three-dimensional (3D) Vitrogel systems, and bone/dentin/angiogenesis marker expression was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ALP staining. DPSCs mixed with dECM and BMP4 were transplanted into nude mice, and pulp-like tissue formation was evaluated. The expression of osteogenic and angioblastic genes was increased, and pulp-like tissue formed in vivo. Thus, dECM promotes DPSC proliferation, BMP4 and dECM together accelerate pulp-like tissue formation by DPSCs in vitro.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Regeneração , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4 , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Células Estromais
2.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 142: 105860, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37127011

RESUMO

The fretting corrosion at the head-neck interface of artificial hip joints is an important reason for the failure of prostheses. The Ti6Al4V alloy-zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) ceramic combination has been widely used to make the head and neck of artificial hip joints. In this study, its fretting corrosion behavior in simulated body fluid was studied by electrochemical monitoring, surface morphology characterization, and chemical composition analysis. A running condition fretting map (RCFM) of load and displacement was established, including three regimes, namely partial slip regime (PSR), mixed fretting regime (MFR), and gross slip regime (GSR). The friction dissipation energy increased gradually from the PSR to MFR and GSR. In the PSR, the damage mechanisms were slight abrasive wear and tribocorrosion at the edge of contact area, as well as extremely slight adhesive wear at the center. In the MFR, the damage mechanisms were mainly adhesive wear, abrasive wear, and corrosive wear. In the GSR, the damage mechanism was serious abrasive wear, fatigue wear, and corrosive wear combined with slight adhesive wear. Finally, an ion-concentration map was created, displaying the material-loss transition of different displacements and loads. The material loss increased with the increased displacement, and increased first and then decreased with the increased load.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Líquidos Corporais , Cáusticos , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Corrosão , Óxido de Alumínio , Ligas , Falha de Prótese , Propriedades de Superfície , Desenho de Prótese
3.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2073785, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549648

RESUMO

Intratumor microbiome shapes the immune system and influences the outcome of various tumors. Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), the keystone periodontal pathogen, is highly epidemically connected with pancreatic cancer (PC). However, its causative role and the underlining mechanism in promoting PC oncogenesis remain unclear. Here, we illustrated the landscape of intratumor microbiome and its bacterial correlation with oral cavity in PC patients, where P. gingivalis presented both in the oral cavity and tumor tissues. When exposed to P. gingivalis, tumor development was accelerated in orthotopic and subcutaneous PC mouse model, and the cancerous pancreas exhibited a neutrophils-dominated proinflammatory tumor microenvironment. Mechanistically, the intratumoral P. gingivalis promoted PC progression via elevating the secretion of neutrophilic chemokines and neutrophil elastase (NE). Collectively, our study disclosed the bacterial link between periodontitis and PC, and revealed a previously unrecognized mechanism of P. gingivalis in PC pathophysiology, hinting at therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Periodontite , Animais , Carcinogênese , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Humanos , Elastase de Leucócito , Camundongos , Neutrófilos , Pâncreas , Periodontite/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1036061, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324890

RESUMO

Apical periodontitis is a common clinical disease caused by bacteria; bacterial metabolites can cause an imbalance in bone homeostasis, bone mass reduction, and tooth loss. Bone resorption in apical periodontitis causes a concentration of stress in the tooth and periodontal tissues during occlusion, which aggravates the disease. Emerging evidence indicates that bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9), also known as growth differentiation factor 2(Gdf2), may play an important role in tooth and dentoalveolar development. Herein, we investigated the role of BMP9 in the development of apical periodontitis and its effects on the biomechanics of dentoalveolar bone. Apical periodontitis models were established in five BMP9 knockout (KO) mice and five C57BL/6 WT (wild-type) mice. At baseline and 14, 28, and 42 days after modeling, in vivo micro-computed tomography analysis and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction were performed to evaluate the apical lesion in each mouse, and confirm that the animal models were successfully established. Finite element analysis (FEA) was performed to study the stress and strain at the alveolar fossa of each mouse under the same vertical and lateral stress. FEA revealed that the stress and strain at the alveolar fossa of each mouse gradually concentrated on the tooth cervix. The stress and strain at the tooth cervix gradually increased with time but were decreased at day 42. Under the same lingual loading, the maximum differences of the stress and strain at the tooth root in KO mice were greater than those in WT mice. Thus, these findings demonstrate that BMP9 could affect the biomechanical response of the alveolar fossa at the tooth root in mice with apical periodontitis. Moreover, the effects of BMP9 on the biomechanical response of the alveolar bone may be site-dependent. Overall, this work contributes to an improved understanding of the pathogenesis of apical periodontitis and may inform the development of new treatment strategies for apical periodontitis.

5.
Genome Announc ; 2(1)2014 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24526626

RESUMO

Fusobacterium nucleatum is a bacterial species commonly detected in dental plaque within the human oral cavity, with some strains associated with periodontal disease, one of the most common clinical bacterial infections in the human body. The exact mechanisms of its pathogenesis are still not completely understood. In this study, we present the genome sequence and annotation of F. nucleatum strain W1481, isolated from a periodontal pocket of a dental patient at the University of Bristol, United Kingdom, the 16S rRNA gene sequencing of which showed it to be markedly different from the five previously named subspecies.

6.
ChemSusChem ; 6(12): 2322-9, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24039097

RESUMO

Three metal-free donor-acceptor-acceptor sensitizers with ionized pyridine and a reference dye were synthesized, and a detailed investigation of the relationship between the dye structure and the photophysical and photoelectrochemical properties and the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is described. The ionization of pyridine results in a red shift of the absorption spectrum in comparison to that of the reference dye. This is mainly attributable to the ionization of pyridine increasing the electron-withdrawing ability of the total acceptor part. Incorporation of the strong electron-withdrawing units of pyridinium and cyano acrylic acid gives rise to optimized energy levels, resulting in a large response range of wavelengths. When attached to TiO2 film, the conduction band of TiO2 is negatively shifted to a different extent depending on the dye. This is attributed to the electron recombination rate between the TiO2 film and the electrolyte being efficiently suppressed by the introduction of long alkyl chains and thiophene units. DSSCs assembled using these dyes show efficiencies as high as 8.8 %.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Cátions , Cianoacrilatos/química , Impedância Elétrica , Eletroquímica , Cloreto de Metileno/química , Piridinas/química , Compostos de Piridínio/química , Energia Solar , Titânio/química
7.
Genome Announc ; 1(6)2013 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24309744

RESUMO

Parvimonas micra is an important oral microbe that has the ability to grow and proliferate within oral biofilms and is involved in periodontal disease, leading to gingival bleeding, gingival recession, alveolar bone loss, and tooth mobility. However, occasionally these normally oral pathogens can cause infections at other sites in the body. We present the genome sequence of Parvimonas micra strain A293, a smooth Parvimonas micra strain isolated from an abdominal abscess from a patient at Barts Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA