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1.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(9): 2906-10, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084624

RESUMO

Siliva as a kind of biomarker containing a variety of bioactive components can be used to help disease diagnosis. Compared with the urine and blood, the collection of saliva is more simple and convenient while the collection process is completely non-invasive. Therefore, saliva detection attracts more and more attention in non-invasive disease diagnosis. Histatins are a family of small, cationic, histidine-rich peptides, which secreted by salivary bringing innate defense of the oral cavity. It has been reported that histatins are related to many other diseases, such as HIV and AIDs. Thus the detection of histatins in saliva is significantly important for oral healthy monitoring and disease diagnosis. In this paper, a new label free method for rapid detection of histidine-rich peptides was developed based on the fact that histidine-rich peptides can interact with 3-azidocoumarin through hydrogen bonds which decreases the electron-donating ability of the azido group and results in fluorescence enhancement of the system. The results showed that the fluorescence intensities were dramatically increased when histatin 5 were incubation with 3-azidocoumarin. There is a good relationship with the linear co r of 0.994 between the enhanced fluorescence and histatin 5 concentration ranging from 0.23 to 31.05 µmol·L-1, and the limit of detection is 72 nmol·L-1 (3σ/k). Moreover, the detection of histidine-rich peptides in saliva was successfully achieved by the new developed label free method since amino acids and proteins in saliva will not be interfered with the detection with the recoveries between 96.7%~111.6%. Compared with the existing saliva analysis methods, this method has the advantage of simple, fast and low cost. It might be applied in non-invasive disease diagnosis.


Assuntos
Saliva , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Histatinas , Histidina , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares
2.
Ann Transl Med ; 11(2): 138, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36819523

RESUMO

Background: Atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare, but high mortality, complication after catheter ablation. At present, there is no standard treatment for AEF. In this article, we introduce the treatment process of a case diagnosed with AEF and review the latest treatment progress of AEF. Case Description: A 65-year-old man, who received catheter ablation 2 weeks prior, presented with fever, chills, and loss of consciousness. Blood cultures grew Streptococcus viridans. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain showed a large area of left craniocerebral infarction and air emboli in the right lobe. The chest CT demonstrated air between the left atrium and esophagus, as well as pericardial effusions. Gastroscopy showed an esophageal fistula 35 cm away from the incisor teeth. The patient was diagnosed with AEF, sepsis, and cerebral infarction. An urgent surgical operation and supportive treatments were performed after diagnosis. Eventually, he died of sepsis and multiple organ failure 24 days after surgery. Conclusions: We have reported the treatment process of one case diagnosed with AEF and reviewed the latest treatment progress. AEF is a rare but lethal complication after catheter ablation. At present, austere challenges exist in the diagnosis and treatment of AEF. Repeat chest and head CT/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are essential for the identification of abnormal manifestations. In terms of treatment, urgent surgical repair is currently recommended once AEF is diagnosed. More attention should be paid to this complication.

3.
Biomaterials ; 230: 119666, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831222

RESUMO

Various obstacles impede the chemotherapy efficiency of glioma in clinic, such as blood brain barrier (BBB) and blood brain tumor barrier (BBTB). Ligand-mediated polymeric micelles have shown great potential for improving the efficiency of glioma treatment. Herein, we developed a disulfide bond-conjugated prodrug polymer consisted of camptothecin (CPT) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) with further modification of iRGD peptide. The polymer of CPT-S-S-PEG-COOH could self-assemble into nanosized polymeric micelles with diameter around 100 nm, and loaded with photosensitizer IR780 for combination therapy. The micelles displayed good stability with controlled drug release under physiological environment. Importantly, the iRGD modified polymeric micelles demonstrated favorable ability to cross the BBB and target glioma cells via αv ß integrin and neuropilin-1-mediated ligand transportation in vitro and in vivo. The whole synthesis process is simple and the drug loading content of CPT in the CPT-S-S-PEG-iRGD@IR780 micelles was higher than 10%. Moreover, CPT-S-S-PEG-iRGD@IR780 micelles combined chemotherapy with photodynamic therapy (PDT) displayed more excellent tumor-killing capability than the other groups. Thus, both in vitro and in vivo studies suggested that the targeting prodrug system could not only effectively cross various barriers to reach at glioma site, but also significantly enhance the antitumor effect with laser irradiation. Our findings consequently suggested that CPT-S-S-PEG-iRGD@IR780 micelles with laser irradiation are a promising drug delivery system for glioma therapy.


Assuntos
Glioma , Pró-Fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Camptotecina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Micelas , Polietilenoglicóis
4.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 7: 204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608279

RESUMO

Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) is a crucial periodontal pathogen and human gingival fibroblasts (GFs) are the first line of defense against oral pathogens. However, the research on potential molecular mechanisms of host defense and effective treatment of F. nucleatum infection in GFs remains scarce. In this study, we undertook a time-series experiment and performed an RNA-seq analysis to explore gene expression profiles during the process of F. nucleatum infection in GFs. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) could be divided into three coexpression clusters. Functional analysis revealed that the immune-related signaling pathways were more overrepresented at the early stage, while metabolic pathways were mainly enriched at the late stage. We computationally identified several U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs that could protect the F. nucleatum infected GFs via a coexpression-based drug repositioning approach. Biologically, we confirmed that six drugs (etravirine, zalcitabine, wortmannin, calcium D-pantothenate, ellipticine, and tanespimycin) could significantly decrease F. nucleatum-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and block the Protein Kinase B (PKB/AKT)/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Our study provides more detailed molecular mechanisms of the process by which F. nucleatum infects GFs and illustrates the value of the cogena-based drug repositioning method and the potential therapeutic application of these tested drugs in the treatment of F. nucleatum infection.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(11): e6378, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28296781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a frequent complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), particularly in patients with Crohn disease (CD). The aim of our study is to determine the efficacy and safety of different drugs used to treat low BMD in patients with CD. METHODS: PUBMED/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for eligible studies. A random-effects model within a Bayesian framework was applied to compare treatment effects as standardized mean difference (SMD) with their corresponding 95% credible interval (CrI), while odds ratio (OR) was applied to compare adverse events with 95% CrI. The surface under the cumulative ranking area (SUCRA) was calculated to make the ranking of the treatments for outcomes. RESULTS: Twelve randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible. Compared with placebo, zoledronate (SMDs 2.74, 95% CrI 1.36-4.11) and sodium-fluoride (SMDs 1.23, 95% CrI 0.19-2.26) revealed statistical significance in increasing lumbar spine BMD (LSBMD). According to SUCRA ranking, zoledronate (SUCRA = 2.5%) might have the highest probability to be the best treatment for increasing LSBMD in CD patients among all agents, followed by sodium-fluoride (27%). For safety assessment, the incidence of adverse events (AEs) demonstrated no statistical difference between agents and placebo. The corresponding SUCRA values indicated that risedronate (SUCRA = 77%) might be the most safe medicine for low BMD in CD patients and alendronate ranked the worst (SUCRA = 16%). CONCLUSIONS: Zoledronate might have the highest probability to be the best therapeutic strategy for increasing LSBMD. For the safety assessment, risedronate showed the greatest trend to decrease the risk of AEs. In the future, more RCTs with higher qualities are needed to make head-to-head comparison between 2 or more treatments.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Teorema de Bayes , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/patologia , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Metanálise em Rede , Ácido Risedrônico/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Fluoreto de Sódio/efeitos adversos , Ácido Zoledrônico
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