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Gutta-percha softening: "Hemo-De" as a xylene substitute.

Metzger, Z; Marian-Kfir, V; Tamse, A.
J Endod; 26(7): 385-8, 2000 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11199760
The putative hazardous nature of chloroform and xylene implies that safer substitutes should be considered. Standard cylindrical gutta-percha samples were immersed in Hemo-De, a xylene substitute, for 60 s at 37 degrees C. Weight loss of a sample, after drying, was used as a measure of its solubility. Master and accessory cone gutta-percha of three brands were compared. The highest solubility of all kinds of gutta-percha was in chloroform, which served as a positive control. The average solubility of all samples in xylene and Hemo-De was 61% and 52% of that in chloroform, respectively. DMS gutta-percha was more soluble than of Hygienic and DeTrey. Master cone gutta-percha of all brands was more soluble than that of their accessory cones. These results indicate that (a) large differences exist in the solubility of gutta-percha and (b) Hemo-De dissolved gutta-percha in a range similar to that of xylene and may be considered as a potential substitute for this organic solvent.