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Hierarchy of variables correlated to odontoblast-like cell numbers following pulp capping.

Murray, P E; Kitasako, Y; Tagami, J; Windsor, L J; Smith, A J.
J Dent; 30(7-8): 297-304, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12554110

OBJECTIVES:

Following tooth pulp exposure, pulpal repair is accomplished by dentine bridge secretion by odontoblast-like cells. However, little information is available about the hierarchy of variables, which influence odontoblast-like cell numbers. The purpose of this study was to examine correlations between pulp capping events and odontoblast-like cell numbers.

METHODS:

Two hundred and fifty standardised pulp exposed cavities were prepared in non-human primate teeth according to ISO usage guidelines. Exposed pulps were capped with Calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)(2)], and multi-step and self-etching primer composite resins. Teeth were collected from 3 to 60-days to observe pulp reactions. Statistical analysis was evaluated using analysis of variance.

RESULTS:

The hierarchy of variables correlated to odontoblast-like cells were the dentine bridge area (P = 0.0001), time since pulp exposure (P = 0.0001), odontoblast numbers opposite the exposure site (P = 0.0002), and pulp capping materials (P = 0.0313). Other pulp capping variables were found to be less likely to be correlated with odontoblast-like cell numbers.

CONCLUSIONS:

The area of dentine bridge formation is directly related to the numbers of odontoblast-like cells, cell activity is time dependent, and the cell numbers are much lower than original odontoblast cells. The time-lag between the appearance of odontoblast-like cells at the site of pulp exposure, and the limited numbers of these cells, explain why pulpal repair is difficult to achieve successfully following pulp exposure.