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Efficacy of removing glass ionomer cement, zinc oxide eugenol, and epoxy resin sealers from retreated root canals.

Friedman, S; Moshonov, J; Trope, M.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol; 73(5): 609-12, 1992 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1518650
Removal of gutta-percha and various sealers was assessed during retreatment of the root canal system. Sixty root canals were prepared and obturated with gutta-percha and Ketac-endo, Roth's 801 cement, or AH26. After 14 days, the canals were retreated by hand or ultrasonic technique and the retreatment time was recorded. The roots were split and the amount of debris that remained on the canal walls in three separate levels was recorded by use of a dissecting microscope. The mean scores were compared by one-way and two-way ANOVA. The total score was significantly the highest for Ketac-endo (p less than 0.04), followed by AH26 and Roth's 801 cement. The largest amount of debris was consistently found in the apical third, and generally it was comparable for both retreatment techniques. The ultrasonic technique was significantly faster than the hand technique for all sealers tested (p less than 0.0004, p less than 0.0003, p less than 0.02, respectively). Hand retreatment of Ketac-endo was the slowest, whereas ultrasonic retreatment of Roth's 801 cement was the fastest. The results indicated that Ketac-endo endodontic sealer can be effectively removed from the root canal by ultrasonic instrumentation.