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Diversity and activity of enriched ruminal cultures of anaerobic fungi and methanogens grown together on lignocellulose in consecutive batch culture.

Cheng, Yan Fen; Edwards, Joan E; Allison, Gordon G; Zhu, Wei-Yun; Theodorou, Michael K.
Bioresour Technol; 100(20): 4821-8, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19467591
Consecutive batch cultures (CBC), involving nine serial transfers at 3, 5 and 7d intervals (21, 45 and 63d, respectively) were established to enrich for plant fibre degrading co-cultures of anaerobic fungi and methanogens from rumen digesta. Microbial diversity and fermentation end-products were measured at appropriate intervals over each CBC time-course. While methanogenic populations remained diverse, anaerobic fungal diversity was related to transfer interval and appeared to decrease with increasing transfer number. Acetate was the principal aqueous fermentation end-product with minimal quantities of lactate and formate detected. Methane and carbon dioxide were detected in the gaseous head-space of all co-cultures and the total amounts of gas generated per transfer was greater with transfer intervals of 5 and 7d compared with a 3d interval, although the 3d interval tended to be more efficient per unit time. In conclusion, rapidly growing, methane producing co-cultures of anaerobic fungi and methanogens from rumen digesta were easy to establish on lignocellulose (barley straw) and maintain over considerable time periods. These results suggest such co-cultures have potential in industrial scale anaerobic digestion (AD) of highly fibrous substrates, which are resistant to degradation in conventional AD plants.